1. What will the man do tomorrow?
A. Write his report. B. Catch a flight. C. Hand in his report.
2. What's Lucy good at?
A. Teaching. B. Dressing. C. Cooking.
3. How much will the woman spend if she buys the dress?
A. ￥1,700. B. ￥1,000. C. ￥700.
4. Why does the woman feel sorry?
A. Because she refused the man.
B. Because the man had an accident.
C. Because she ruined the man's party.
5. What's the relationship between the speakers?
A. Father and daughter. B. Teacher and student. C. Mother and son.
6. Where is the man going?
A. His home. B. The subway station. C. The shopping mall.
7. What time is it now?
A. 6:10. B. 6:45. C. 6:55.
8. Why does the man teach his mum video-chatting?
A. He will work abroad.
B. He wants to save money.
C. He makes her fashionable.
9. What does the man's mum think of learning video-chatting?
A. Easy. B. Interesting. C. Hard.
10. How long has the man played basketball on the city team?
A. For one year. B. For eleven months. C. For eight months.
11. How is the man's painting?
A. Pretty good. B. Too bad. C. Just OK.
12. What are the speakers mainly talking about?
A. Hobbies. B. Sports. C. Arts.
13. What can we know about Malia Obama from the conversation?
A. She obeyed her parents' order.
B. She read many books in high school.
C. Her father graduated from Harvard University.
14. What will Malia do before going to university?
A. Take one year's break.
B. Travel across the country.
C. Make friends in Hollywood.
15. Which university does the man prefer?
A. Yale University. B. Oxford University. C. Harvard University.
16. What subject is the woman poor in?
A. History. B. Math. C. Science.
17. Where is the Chinese Kite Festival held this year?
A. In China. B. In Sweden. C. In Switzerland.
18. What's the weather like during this year's Festival?
A. Nice and clear. B. Cold and cloudy. C. Sunny and hot.
19. What group of people are attracted by the festival?
A. Young people. B. People of middle age. C. People of almost all ages.
20. What events does the Festival have besides flying kites?
A. Chinese paintings. B. Chinese songs. C. Chinese films.
In the long history of human society, the motor vehicle (车辆) has killed and disabled more people than any bomb or weapon ever invented. Many of the accidents on the streets are mainly from bad behavior of drivers who refuses to respect the legal and moral(道德的) rights of others. So the killing on the road may be regarded as a social problem.
As a matter of fact, the enemies of society on wheels are rather harmless people who just act carelessly, you might say. But it is a principle both of law and common morality that carelessness is no excuse when one's actions could bring damage to others.
It's reported that the psychological condition of the driver can account for as many as 80 percent of all automobile accidents. Emotional upsets can affect drivers' reactions, slow their judgment, and blind them to dangers that might otherwise be clear. The experts warn that it is important for every driver to make an effort to keep one's emotions under control.
While the irresponsibility that led to much of the problem is not limited to drivers, street walkers regularly break traffic rules, and they are at fault in most vehicle-walker accidents; many cyclists even believe that they are not required to follow the basic rules of the road.
Important legal advances have been made towards safer driving in the past few years. Safety standards for vehicle have been raised. In addition, speed limits have been lowered. Due to these measures, the accident rate has decreased. But the accident experts still worry because there has been little or no improvement in the way drivers behave. The only real and lasting solution, say the experts, is to convince people that driving is a skilled task requiring constant care and concentration. Those who fail to do all these things present a threat to those with whom they share the road.
21. The passage is written ______
A. To show that the motor vehicle is a very dangerous invention.
B. To discuss traffic problems and suggest possible solutions.
C. To promote understanding between careless drivers and street walkers.
D. To warn drivers of the importance of safe driving.
22. What is the purpose of mentioning the psychological condition of the driver in paragraph 3 ?
A. To show an example of the various reasons for road accidents.
B. To show how important it is for drivers to be emotionally healthy.
C. To show some of the inaccurate opinions by researchers.
D. To show the reason why people need the guidance from experts while driving.
23. Who are NOT mentioned as being responsible for the road accidents?
A. Careless bicycle-riders.
B. Mindless people walking in the street.
C. Irresponsible drivers.
D. Irresponsible vehicle makers.
As is thought by many people, air pollution affected only the area around large cities with factories and heavy automobile traffic. At present, we realize that although these are the areas with the worst air pollution, the problem is worldwide. On several occasions over the past decade, a heavy cloud of air pollution has covered the east of the United States and brought health warnings in rural areas away from any major concentration of manufacturing and automobile traffic. In fact, the very climate of the entire earth may be infected by air pollution. Some scientists consider that the increasing concentration of carbon dioxide in the air resulting from the burning of fossil fuels (coal and oil) is creating a "greenhouse effect"—conserving heat reflected from the earth and raising the world's average temperature. If this view is correct and the world's temperature is raised only a few degrees, much of the polar ice cap will melt and cities such as New York, Boston, Miami, and New Orleans will be in water.
Another view, less widely held, is that increasing particular (颗粒) matter in the atmosphere is blocking sunlight and lowering the earth's temperature—a result that would be equally disastrous. A drop of just a few degrees could create something close to a new ice age, and would make agriculture difficult or impossible in many of our top farming areas. Today we do not know for sure that either of these conditions will happen (though one recent government report drafted by experts in the field concluded that the greenhouse effect is very possible) Perhaps, if we are lucky enough, the two tendencies will offset each other and the world's temperature will stay about the same as it is now. Driven by economic profits, people neglect the damage on our environment caused by the "advanced civilization". Maybe the air pollution is the price the human beings have to pay for their development. But is it really worthwhile?
24. As to the greenhouse effect, the author ______
A. share the same view with the scientist.
B. thinks that it will destroy the world soon.
C. rejects it as being baseless.
D. is uncertain of its occurrence.
25. The word "offset" in the second paragraph could be replaced by ______.
A. make up for B. slip into C. set up D. catch up with
26. It can be concluded that ______
A. raising the world's temperature only a few degrees would not do much harm to life on earth.
B. lowering the world's temperature merely a few degrees would lead major farming areas to disaster.
C. almost no temperature changes have occurred over the past decade.
D. the world's temperature will remain constant in the years to come.
As a kid, Joanna Buckley wasn't interested in science—until she had a chance to try it. That happened when she got a chemistry set for Christmas.
"Over the course of a few weeks, I'd completed every experiment. But in the process, I polluted my parent's dining room carpet and burnt the kitchen worktop with the spirit burner," she says.
Now science is Buckley's job. She works in the chemistry department at the University of Sheffield in England. "I realize, first-hand, how important it is to have something or someone to show you why science is great," she says. Now the good news is that citizen science appears.
Citizen science takes the fun of experimenting a step further than Buckley's at-home chemistry kit. That's because these experiments are real, looking for novel answers.
"Compared with a one-off experiment, what's cool about citizen science is that students get that this has a purpose," says Prunuske, who teaches microbiology and immunology at a medical college." Students want to do a good job, because they know scientists are going to use the new data in their own research."
Jennifer Long's job is to coordinate (协调) education and outreach. She agrees with Prunuske. "Kids like that it's real. And they like that it's important, that it matters." Citizen-science projects have made big discoveries. One found a previously unknown galaxy cluster(星系团). Another project helped assess how much damage a big earthquake had caused in Japan. And one of the first citizen-science projects helped scientists learn where Monarch butterflies go every winter.
Some adults worry about teens losing interest in science. That's one reason they hope that fun, exciting citizen-science projects can help them keep engaged, Long says. And she has some evidence that it's working. "Last year, we did have a couple of students say, 'I really think I want to be a scientist now.'"
27. What is the purpose of paragraph 2?
A. To support trials can make teens interested in science.
B. To prove failure is the mother of success in science.
C. To state Buckley has a talent for science.
D. To praise Buckley for her strong will.
28. Why is citizen science more fun?
A. It needs to seek for new solutions.
B. It carries out experiments frequently.
C. It must carry out experiments in groups.
D. It demands to handle complex problems.
29. What can we know from what Prunuske said?
A. She participated in the experiment.
B. She took pride in what students took up.
C. Citizen science is popular with students.
D. Scientists are willing to employ students.
30. What is Long's attitude towards citizen science?
A. Concerned. B. Supportive. C. Doubtful. D. Unclear.
Since the outbreak of the novel coronavirus, Chinese governments have introduced policies and measures to respond to the epidemic (传染病) and help people get through difficult times. Here we list some of the policies and measures that have been rolled out.
Apart from confirmed patients, suspected patients are also able to get subsidies (补助) to cover medical costs related to the novel coronavirus, according to a policy announced by the Ministry of Finance, the National Healthcare Security Administration and the National Health Commission on Jan 27 to supplement the previous one issued on Jan 22. 32 .
2. Employees should get paid during quarantine (隔离)
Employees who are infected with the novel coronavirus, suspected patients or close contacts of the infected should still get paid while being quarantined and treated or under medical observation, the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security announced on Jan 24.
The State Grid, the country's largest power transmission company, took measures to ensure 24/7 power supply in hospitals to treat patients infected with the novel coronavirus.
4. Simplified funerals, no wedding parties
The Ministry of Civil Affairs on Jan 31 advised the public to simplify funerals and cancel wedding dinner parties in order to reduce possible transmission of the novel coronavirus.
The ministry said local governments should guide the public to make funeral arrangements simple and fast, and avoid gatherings. 34 . Registration centers in many places have put off services on the basis of local epidemic control and prevention work requirements.
5. Psychological support stressed
35 , the National Health Commission has issued a guideline to help lower the risk of developing mental problems, to patients confirmed of contracting the virus, front-line medical workers and disease prevention and management staff placed on the highest level.
A. Power supply guaranteed
B. Treatment bills of infected patients subsidized
C. The targets are the people under 18 whose parents are isolated during the outbreak
D. To handle anxiety and mental health concerns caused by the novel coronavirus outbreak
E. Efforts should be made to disinfect marriage registration centers as well as monitor registrants' body temperatures
F. It also called for improved sharing of job vacancy information on websites run by governments and colleges to help students keep updated on the job market
G. Financial aid will be offered to confirmed and suspected patients alike after payments by medical insurance, serious illness insurance and assistance programs
Ryan Hickman was born into an American family. When he was three years old, Ryan Hickman visited a 36 center in California and found what he wanted to do most. 37 , the next day as he greeted his dad, Damion, he made a(n) 38 , "I'm going to 39 all the bottles and cans from everyone in the neighborhood. I'll start a new 40 myself!"
It's never too 41 to start a business, though there were no other staff but himself when the company was started. Today, Ryan, aged seven, the world's 42 garbage man, is the CEO, manager and 43 of Ryan's Recycling Company. Though Ryan says he doesn't remember what made it all start, he remains 44 about what he is doing. When 45 why he did so, he said, "It's because bottles get to the ocean, and then animals get sick and die." Ryan's neighbors have been 46 to the little boy's knocking for their recycled goods. More and more 47 ones call to ask for a pickup or even 48 bags of bottles and cans at Hickman's door. At school, Ryan's favorite activity is helping the dustmen 49 the trash and taking away the recyclable. "My wife and I support him and we told him that whenever he wants to 50 , he can," Damion said. "I want to see him with friends, but the recycling just makes him 51 . He has actually 52 five of his friends to join him."
According to Damion, Ryan has 53 over $11,000 through recycling bottles and cans. Ryan says he wants to buy a large trash truck to be 54 with enough garbage and become a 55 garbage man.
36. A. financial B. delivering C. recycling D. industrial
37. A. Terribly B. Amazingly C. Simply D. Ridiculously
38. A. notice B. speech C. announcement D. explanation
39. A. throw up B. throw out C. pick out D. pick up
40. A. investigation B. research C. campaign D. business
41. A. early B. old C. weak D. late
42. A. cleverest B. busiest C. wealthiest D. youngest
43. A. customer B. employer C. employee D. trainee
44. A. energetic B. enthusiastic C. unbearable D. comfortable
45. A. consulted B. questioned C. investigated D. reminded
46. A. opposed B. addicted C. accustomed D. devoted
47. A. instructive B. supportive C. aggressive D. persuasive
48. A. throw away B. turn down C. lay down D. settle down
49. A. desert B. circulate C. separate D. weed
50. A. start B. continue C. back D. quit
51. A. relaxed B. upset C. delighted D. exhausted
52. A. persuaded B. urged C. forced D. instructed
53. A. raised B. saved C. wasted D. spent
54. A. surrounded B. loaded C. equipped D. carried
55. A. kind B. generous C. true D. wealthy
Keeping a diary in English is one of the effective ways to improve our English writing abilities. 56 (compare) with other forms of writing, it is shorter and takes 57 (little) time. It can help us to develop the habit of thinking in English. 58 we can keep this practice, gradually we'll learn how to express ourselves in English. In keeping a diary in English, we certainly run up against many difficulties. In the first place, it often happens 59 we have trouble finding appropriate words and phrases to give expression to our mind. Secondly, there are many 60 (idiom) ways of saying things in Chinese. And it is extremely hard for us to put them into English 61 (proper).
As far as I am concerned, my 62 (suggest) is that we should always have a notebook and a Chinese-English dictionary within easy reach. Whenever something 63 (beat) us, we can first put it down in our notebook and then consult our dictionary. We can also turn to our English teacher for help, if necessary. In short, I believe that it is 64 great use to keep a diary in English for 65 development of our writing skills.
参考词汇：新型冠状病毒 the novel coronavirus
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Yours sincerely,
Retirement is the point where a person stops employment completely. The"standard" retirement age varies from country to country, but it is generally between 50 and 70, according to the latest statistics, 2011. However, for a long time, people have got into an argument about whether the age of retirement should be increased or reduced in their countries.
There are several arguments for allowing older people to continue working as long as they are able. Many people think that older employees have a large amount of knowledge and experience which can be lost to a business or organization if they are made to retire. Besides, older employees are often extremely faithful employees and are more willing to implement company policies than the young. A more important point is regarding the attitudes in society to older people. To force someone to resign or retire at 60 or 65 indicates that the society does not value the input of these people and that their useful life is over.
Allowing older people to work indefinitely (无限地), however, is not always a good policy. Some people took the strong view that age alone is no guarantee of ability. Many young employees have more experience or skills than older staff, who may have been stuck in one area for most of their working lives. Having compulsory retirement allows new ideas in an organization. On the other hand, older people should be rewarded by society for their life's labor by being given generous pensions and the freedom to enjoy leisure. They can have time to do whatever they like, that is, they can have their own plans or roles and achieve their retirement goals.
With many young people unemployed or frustrated in low-level positions, there are often calls to compulsorily (强制地) retire older workers. However, this can affect the older individual's freedom and right to work. In my opinion, giving workers more choices over their retirement age will benefit society and the individual.
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56.___________ 57.___________ 58.___________ 59.___________ 60.___________
61.___________ 62.___________ 63.___________ 64.___________ 65.___________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Yours sincerely,
1-5 CCBAA 6-10 BBACB 11-15 CACAB 16-20 ABACB
21. BBD 24. DAB 27. AACB
36-40 CBCDD 41-45 ADCBB 46-50 CBCCD 51-55 CABBC
56. Compared 57. less 58. If 59. that 60. idiomatic
61. properly 62. suggestion 63. beats 64. of 65. the
Knowing that you are unable to attend your Chinese lessons due to the outbreak of the novel coronavirus, I am quite willing to offer you some advice on how to improve your Chinese competence at home.
First, you can register for some online courses and practice by yourself as mastering a language do require large amounts of practice. And I’d also like to recommend that you read some Chinese storybooks online, which will contribute a lot to enlarging your vocabulary. Additionally, idiomatic Chinese is easily accessible to you through Chinese movies and songs.
I genuinely hope the suggestions will turn out beneficial. Wish you all the best!
One possible version
There has been a debate about the right retirement age. (要点1) Some argue that older people should not be forced to retire because of their advantages in workplaces like richer experience and loyalty, otherwise, both their contributions and value are actually not recognized.(要点2) However, opponents believe in more strengths possessed by young employees and earlier retirement as a reward for the elderly.(要点3）Maybe it will be beneficial to both society and individual by leaving the issue to the elderly themselves. （要点4）
W: You’d better get started on your report. You know that you have to hand it in at 8:30 tomorrow morning! (1)
M: Oh, my weekend is flying away.
W: Richard, Lucy’s going to tell me how to dress.
M: She ought to stick to the things she knows more about, like cooking.(2)
M: This dress is really nice on you.
W: But look at the price label, 1,700 yuan. (3) I can’t afford it.
M: Luckily it has a discount today. It will cut 700 yuan when you purchase more than 1,000 yuan. (3)
W: Sorry, my birthday was ruined by me personally by an incident a few days ago. Now I would rather stay away from any birthday party.
M: Oh, sorry. I know you would refuse my invitation. (4)
W: My heart has been full of thoughts of you and Mum ever since we parted last month.
M: Your mum and I are missing you, too. (5) We hope you could enjoy your overseas college life.
W: Luke, could you come to the subway station near our house to send me an umbrella? (6) I left mine at my office.
M: OK, but there’s only one at home now. Mom and Dad went to the mall for shopping just now.
W: The raincoat is OK too.
M: That’s a good idea. Dear sister, wait me 10 minutes. I’ll be there at 6:55. (7)
M: Mum, I bought a smart phone for you. Next month I will go to work in Thailand, you can still connect with me on the Internet. (8)
W: But I really don’t know how to use it. It’s difficult for the old to learn new things. (9)
M: It’s OK. You just need to learn how to chat through video with others. Firstly I’ll download a software for you. Then I’ll teach you how to chat…
W: Wait, wait… I can’t follow you. (9)
W: What kind of things do you like to do in your free time? (12)
M: I like playing basketball. I play on a city team every Saturday afternoon since last August.
W: So it will be a full year till next month. (10)
M: Yeah. But it’s not the only thing I like to do. I also enjoy painting. It’s great for relaxing myself.
W: Really? Are you pretty good at it?
M: Not too bad. But I’m not Picasso. (11) How about you? What do you like to do?
W: Well, a couple of times a month I go hiking to Green Mountain with some friends.
M: It sounds wonderful. I want to try it sometime.
W: Have you heard that the former American president, Barack Obama’s daughter Malia Obama would be attending Harvard University after she graduates from high school? (13)
M: Then she will be following her father’s footsteps? (13)
W: Yes. But, before she buries herself in those books in Harvard University, she’ll be taking a year’s break. (14)
M: What will she do?
W: Her parents said they didn’t know what she planned to do, but perhaps it would have something to do with Hollywood.
M: Cool. Lisa, do you want to take one year’s break before going to the university?
W: No. By the way, my dream school is Yale University. What about you?
M: For me, no school is better than Oxford University. (15)
W: Right. What did you get in our final exams?
M: I got an F in math. It’s too difficult for me. I did better in other subjects, 3 As and 2 Bs. What about you?
W: I failed in history, but I got an A in science. (16)
M: Over a thousand people have come together in Stockholm, Sweden to take part in this year’s Chinese Kite Festival. (17) The 2017 edition of the Chinese Kite Festival is the 8th put on by the Stockholm Chinese Association. David Liu is the President of the Association. “Almost every year the weather is good during the kite festival. This year is the same—the blue skies and the gentle wind, which is ideal for flying kites. (18) This event is good for the cultural exchange between China and Sweden.” The annual kite festival is not only a Chinese event. People from all places in Sweden turn out every year to take part in the event, which continues to grow in popularity every year. Jon Johansson, a local museum expert, says the event attracts kite flyers aged from 2 to 70. (19) And it is a great way to celebrate the changing seasons in the city. Beyond flying kites, the Festival also included other events such as Chinese singing and dancing, as well as Kungfu shows. (20)