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江西省宜春市第九中学2019-2020高二英语下学期入学试卷(Word版含答案)

英语试卷
第I 卷 选择题
第一部分 听力(共两节,满分30分)
第一节(共5小题,每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)
听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。
1. What’s the weather like now probably?
A. Sunny.                     B. Cloudy.                     C. Rainy.
2. How does the man advise the woman to get to the park?
A. By bus.                     B. By tube.                     C. By taxi.
3. What did the woman do last Sunday?
A. Rested at home.             B. Visited her grandparents.         C. Went shopping.
4. Where does the conversation probably take place?
A. In a garden.                 B. In a flower shop.                 C. In the mountains.
5. What will the man do during the summer holiday?
A. Go to Egypt.                 B. Do a part-time job.             C. Study at home.
第二节(共15小题,每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)
听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题 5 秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。
听下面一段对话,回答第 6 和第 7 两个小题。
6. What did the man like doing?
A. Going hiking.             B. Going fishing.             C. Taking photos.
7. What does the woman suggest the man do?
A. Take more outdoor activities.
B. Keep a distance from social media.
C. Spend more time with families.
听第7段材料,回答第8、9题。
8. What’s the relationship between the speakers?
A. Shop assistant and customer.       B. Tour guide and traveler.         C. Teacher and student.
9. What souvenirs will the woman choose?
A. Silk and fans.             B. Tea and silk.         C. The Four Treasures of the Study.
听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。
10. What has the study analyzed about the Fitbit watch?
A. The appearance.             B. The function.                 C. The material.
11. What is the attitude of the Fitbt’s company towards the study?
A. Negative.                     B. Indifferent.                 C. Positive.
12. When does the man use his Fitbit?
A. When exercising.            B. During the daytime.             C. All the time.
听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。
13. On which day will the opening ceremony be held?
A. May 19th.                 B. May 20th.                 C. May 23rd.
14. How much is the daily entry fee for the games?
A. 10 euros.                 B. 15 euros.                 C. 20 euros.
15. What advantage does the Hermica Hotel have?
A. Convenient traffic.         B. Beautiful view.             C. Accommodation discount.
16. What will the woman do for the man?
A. Give him a website.        B. Write to him every detail.        C. Arrange his journey.
听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。
17. What do we know about Whitney Houston’s death?
A. She died of careless drug use.
B. She died in her bedroom.
C. She died at the age of 45.
18. How many awards did Whitney win in her career?
A. 170.                         B. 415.                         C. 434.
19. Where did Whitney Houston first start singing?
A. In her school.             B. In a church.                 C. In a night club.
20. What is The Bodyguard?
A. A hot movie.                 B. A hit song.                 C. A best-selling book.
第二部分阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)
第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。                             
A
Crazy-Creative Traditions in Schools
Here are a few schools’ crazy­creative traditions that will probably have you wish to go there so you could celebrate in all the graduation fun. Learn about them all in the below.
Attire(服装) and Flowers at College of Charleston
You fashionista will love this one. During the December ceremony, women wear black dresses and men wear black tuxedos (无尾礼服). During the May ceremony, women wear white dresses and men wear summer tuxedos. It’s also been a tradition since the 1930s to carry flowers onto the stage:women carry bouquets of six red roses in a red bow and men wear a single red rose boutonniere(胸花). So classy!
Hoop Rolling at Wellesley College
This all-women’s college tradition was originally held on May Day, but it’s now held in April. The purpose was to allow students to essentially leave all their worries behind and just participate in some fun games outdoors. Back in the day, it was said that the winner of the hoop rolling race was the first to be married, and in the 1980s she would be the first to be a CEO. Nowadays, the winner would be the first to achieve her own happiness...that is, after being thrown into Lake Waban by all her classmates.
Fabric and Green Grad Recycling Program at the University of New Hampshire
You’ll absolutely love this tradition. UNH’s vendor provides wrinkle­resistant caps and gowns made of recycled plastic bottles. Graduates then have the opportunity to donate their gowns to be cleaned and reused. Graduates are still able to keep their caps and tassels as keepsakes, all while helping to save the environment.
21. If you want to participate in the December ceremony, you can choose ________.
A. College of Charleston        B. Wellesley College
C. University of New Hampshire        D. Oxford University
22. Hoop Rolling at Wellesley College is aimed at enabling the students to ________.
A. be a CEO           B. have fun
C. achieve happiness         D. be married
23. What are UNH’s caps and gowns made of?
A. Flowers.         B. Silk and cotton.
C. Leather.         D. Recycled plastic bottles.
B
It’s thought that around 5 trillion pieces of plastic are currently floating in our oceans.
Both mammals and fish benefit from the clean ocean. It is reported that more than 8 million tons of plastic end up in our oceans every year, and nearly half of the plastic we produce is single­use only.
This shoe brand, however, is riding the wave of change and is on a mission to help clean up our waters and rid the sea of plastic bottles that can take up to 400 years to break down. Vivobarefoot’s newest footwear uses recycled plastic materials and has created an education program that spreads awareness about how harmful plastic is for sea life.
Every pair of shoes is made up of 17 plastic water bottles taken from the ocean and turned into a sustainable, comfortable pair of shoes, which are also healthy for your feet. And while not everyone can take part in ocean cleanups, choosing little ways we can give back to our planet goes a long way.
Vivobarefoot’s new products include a variety of high­performance styles such as casual sneakers, running shoes, and hiking boots. The brand hopes that its latest initiative(新方案) will help lessen the indifference to pollution and how harmful it is for all living beings.
In the future, Vivobarefoot hopes to increase their production of shoes created from sustainable materials, and thankfully, it is now one of many brands that aim to increase environmentalism and educate communities on how global warming affects everyone.
This year, they’ll add more recyclable and traceable materials into more than half of their production line, and they have plenty of creative developments in the works as well.
The shoes also have a health benefit. Based on the concept that wider, minimally designed shoes enable our foot to function at maximum potential, wearers also experience better balance and sensory input.
24. How does the author make his point convincing?
A. By listing figures.     B. By telling a story.
C. By giving examples.     D. By making classification.
25. What is Vivobarefoot doing to help with the marine creatures?
A. Donating money to buy food for them.
B. Keeping the ocean free from plastic bottles.
C. Producing more shoes from sustainable materials.
D. Raising public awareness of recycling and reuse.
26. What is probably Vivobarefoot’s operation philosophy?
A. Customer­focused.        B. Service­oriented.
C. Money­saving.        D. Environmentally­friendly.
27. What can we learn from the text?
A. Vivobarefoot’s new products haven’t been released.
B. Vivobarefoot is the most popular shoe brand in the world.
C. Vivobarefoot cares about not only its business but also public services.
D. Vivobarefoot is the first company to find the new function of waste materials.
C
It is generally acknowledged that young people from poorer socioeconomic backgrounds tend to do less well in the education system. In an attempt to help the children of poor families, a nationwide program called Head Start was started in the US in 1965. A lot of money was poured into it. It took children into preschool institutions at the age of three and was supposed to help them succeed in school. But the results have been disappointing, because the program began too late. Many children who entered it at three were already behind their peers in language and intelligence and the parents were not involved in the process. At the end of each day, “Head Start” children returned to the same disadvantaged home environment.
To improve the results, another program was started in Missouri that concentrated on parents as the child’s first teachers. This program was based on research showing that working with the family is the most effective way of helping children get the best possible start in life. The four­year study included 380 families who were about to have their first child and represented different socioeconomic statuses, ages and family structures. The program involved trained educators visiting and working with the parent or parents and the child. The program also gave the parents some guidance, and useful skills on child development.
At three, the children involved in the Missouri program were evaluated with the children selected from the same socioeconomic backgrounds and family situations. The results were obvious. The children in the program were more advanced in language development, problem solving and other intellectual skills than their peers. They performed equally well regardless of socioeconomic backgrounds or family structures. The one factor that was found to affect the child’s development was the poor quality of parent­child interaction. That interaction was not necessarily bad in poorer families.
The Missouri program compares quite distinctly with the Head Start program. Without a similar focus on parent education and on the vital importance of the first three years, some evidence indicates that it will not be enough to overcome educational unfairness.
28. What caused the failure of the “Head Start” program?
A. The large number of poor families.            B. The disapproval from children.
C. The long period of time.            D. The late start of the program.
29. What do we know about the “Missouri” program?
A. It focused on the children’s first school teachers.
B. It helped the children return to the same home.
C. It made the children improved in many aspects.
D. It gave the parents advice on their development.
30. According to the passage, what is likely to influence children’s performance?
A. The number of family members.        B. The parent­child communication.
C. The intelligence of their parents.        D. The teacher­student relationship.
31. How does the author develop the passage?
A. By making definitions.        B. By making comparisons.
C. By presenting ideas.        D. By drawing conclusions.
D
Classifying things is critical for our daily lives. For example, we have to detect spam mail (垃圾邮件), false political news. When we use AI, such tasks are based on “classification technology” in machine learning—having the computer learn, using the boundary separating positive and negative data. For example, “positive” data would be photos including a happy face, and “negative” data photos that include a sad face. Once a classification boundary is learned, the computer can determine whether certain data are positive or negative.
However, the difficulty with this technology is that it requires both positive and negative data for the learning process, and negative data are not available in many cases. For instance, when a retailer (零售商) is trying to predict who will make a purchase, they can easily find data on customers who have purchased from them (positive data), but it is basically impossible to obtain data on customers who have never purchased from them (negative data), since they do not have access to their competitors’ data.
According to lead author Takashi Ishida from RIKEN AIP, “Previous classification methods could not cope with the situation where negative data were not available, but we have made it possible for computers to learn with only positive data, as long as we have a confidence score for our positive data, constructed from information such as buying intention or the active rate of app users. Using our new method, we can let computers learn a classifier only from positive data equipped with confidence.”
According to Ishida, “This discovery could expand the range of applications where classification technology can be used. Even in fields where machine learning has been actively used, our classification technology could be used in new situations where only positive data can be gathered due to data regulation or business constraints(限制). In the near future, we hope to put our technology to use in various research fields, such as natural language processing, computer vision, robotics, and bio-informatics.”
32. How can the computer distinguish the positive data from the negative data?
A. By learning the classification boundary.
B. By updating the data collected regularly.
C. By separating happy faces and sad ones.
D. By introducing classification technology.
33. Why is the example mentioned in Paragraph 2?
A. To prove how important the positive data are.
B. To confirm that data on customers are complete.
C. To argue that retailers get their competitors’ data.
D. To explain why negative data are hard to acquire.
34. What do the underlined words “new method” in Paragraph 3 refer to?
A. Analyzing buying intention.            B. Building a confidence score.
C. Assessing the active rate of app users.        D. Equipping the computer with confidence.
35. What can be a suitable title for the text?
A. The History of Classification Technology
B. Smarter AI: Machine Learning Without Negative Data
C. Bigger Data: Computers Assisting Language Processing
D. The Comparison Between Positive Data and Negative Data

第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)
根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项,选项中有两项为多余选项。
Time after time, I am on different Internet forums, and I end up communicating with people who want to start a blog or website and are, “going to get started soon”, “thinking about it”, or “still going over my options”, and so on. While a bit of planning and research will serve you well when starting any project, often months later, these same people are “still thinking about it”.
While there are many reasons that may stop someone from even starting a project they have in mind, fear being the most obvious, the idea of perfectionism seems to be the second most. 36.__________
There is a proverb, “Tomorrow is often the busiest day of the week.” There is no such thing as the perfect plan. In fact, you spend so much time being concerned about getting everything right and perfect but it wears your initial enthusiasm down. 37.__________
Yes, you should want to be reaching for excellence, but who starts out with being excellent? Excellence will only come from trial and error.
Just make a decision and start following through. Forget trying to be a perfectionist. 38._____
It comes from the belief that “anything I do that is less than perfect is not worth doing”. This way of thinking leads to one becoming discouraged and then failed even to start your project.
To start, just begin with something that is good enough, and then keep working to improve on it. Make a basic plan, take action, and then start improving the actual results. 39.__________ Let go of the fear, stop thinking and start doing, and forget starting out with “it’s got to be perfect.”
I’ll leave you with the words of an actual doer, who was not a perfect person, and all his decisions were not perfect. 40.__________ “You don’t have to see the whole staircase, just take the first step.”
A. In fact, perfectionism is an unhealthy belief.
B. I’ll provide you with some examples of action.
C. Yet the only way to a solution is to start doing.
D. However, he is an example to be followed today.
E. Once you begin, it’s often less painful to keep working.
F. Getting started on a project is not a life and death decision.
G. The result is that time passes and so does the perfect moment.
二、完形填空(共20题:每小题1.5分,满分30分)
阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。
In our modern world, when something wears out, we throw it away and buy a new one. The   41   is that countries around the world have growing mountains of   42   because people are throwing out more rubbish than ever before.
How did we   43    a throwaway society? First of all, it is now easier to   44   an object than to spend time and money to repair it.   45   modern manufacturing and technology, companies are able to produce products quickly and inexpensively. Products are plentiful and   46  .
Another cause is our   47   of disposable (一次性的) products. As   48   people, we are always looking for   49   to save time and make our lives easier. Companies   50   thousands of different kinds of disposable products: paper plates, plastic cups, and cameras, to name a few.
Our appetite for new products also   51   to the problem. We are   52   buying new things. Advertisements persuade us that   53   is better and that we will be happier with the latest products. The result is that we   54   useful possessions to make room for new ones.
All around the world, we can see the   55   of this throwaway lifestyle. Mountains of rubbish just keep getting bigger. To   56   the amount of rubbish and to protect the   57  , more governments are requiring people to recycle materials.   58  , this is not enough to solve our problem.
Maybe there is another way out. We need to repair our possessions   59   throwing them away. We also need to rethink our attitudes about   60  . Repairing our possessions and changing our spending habits may be the best way to reduce the amount of rubbish and take care of our environment.
41. A. key            B. reason               C. project               D. problem
42. A. gifts            B. rubbish            C. debt                D. products
43. A. face            B. become            C. observe            D. change
44. A. hide            B. control               C. replace            D. withdraw
45. A. Thanks to        B. As to                C. Except for         D. Regardless of
46. A. safe            B. funny               C. cheap                D. powerful
47. A. love            B. lack                C. prevention         D. division
48. A. sensitive        B. kind                C. brave                D. busy
49. A. ways            B. places               C. jobs                D. friends
50. A. donate        B. receive               C. produce            D. preserve
51. A. adapts         B. returns               C. responds            D. contributes
52. A. tired of         B. addicted to        C. worried about        D. ashamed for
53. A. newer         B. stronger               C. higher               D. larger
54. A. pick up         B. pay for            C. hold onto            D. throw away
55. A. advantages     B. purposes            C. functions            D. consequences
56. A. show         B. record               C. decrease            D. measure
57. A. technology     B. environment        C. consumers        D. brands
58. A. However         B. Otherwise        C. Therefore            D. Meanwhile
59. A. by             B. in favour of        C. after                D. instead of
60. A. spending         B. collecting            C. repairing            D. advertising
第Ⅱ卷 非选择题
注意:将答案写在答题卡上。写在本试卷上无效。
第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)
阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。
“Physical distancing     61     (restrict) are only part of the equation (方程式;等式), and there are many other basic public health measures that need     62     (put) in place,” WHO Director General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus said. “When stay-at-home measures     63     
(use), they must not be at the expense of human rights.” “Each government must assess their situation     64     protecting all their citizens and especially     65     most vulnerable (脆弱的).” he added. Meanwhile, President Donald Trump claimed that he -- not governors -- has the authority to reopen the US.
“It is the decision of the President, and for many good reasons,” Trump tweeted. “With that being said, the Administration and I are working     66     (close) with the Governors, and this will continue. A decision by me, in conjunction with the Governors and input from others, will be made shortly!”
While Trump has talked     67     reopening the country, there is no national quarantine order. The federal government has released social distancing guidelines, but it is states and localities that have established     68     (vary) stay-at-home orders. 
The president has demonstrated he is itching (渴望) to get the US economy up and running again, but health experts have said it is     69     soon to name a date because the US is only just now nearing its peak.     70    , Trump said he is forming a task force dedicated (致力) to “opening our country.”
第四部分  写作(共两节,满分35分)
第一节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改.
增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(^),并在其下面写出该加的词。
    删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。
    修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
    注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词。
          2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。
Nowadays we can still see some behaviors against public morals. As was often the case, people tend to talk loud in public places, annoyed others around. Spitting and littering rubbish can be seen anywhere. Besides, it’s common that the young or middle-aged sit on the bus when the elderly have to stand. Measure must be taken to change this situation. First of all, as students, we should manage our own behaviors but help people around you form good habits. Meanwhile, it is necessary for the government and some organizations to encourage people to behave proper. Don’t undervalue the role we can play with. Do remember we can make difference! Take action right now!
第二节 书面表达(满分25分)
假定你是李华,你的美国朋友Jack来信询问“嫦娥四号”探测器(Chang’e 4 probe)名称的由来。请你给他回一封信,内容包括:
1.“嫦娥四号”登月成功
2. 嫦娥的传说
3. 中国人的登月梦
注意:1.词数100左右;
2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;
Dear Jack,
                                                                                  
                                                                                  
                                                                                  
                                                                                  
                                                                                  
                                                                                  
                                                                                  
                                                                                  
                                                                                  
                                                               Yours,
                                                                    Li Hua






答案
一、听力
1—5 CBABC   6—10 CBACB   11—15 ACBCC   16—20 AABBA
二、阅读理解
A 篇:  21-23   ABD
B 篇:  24-27   ABDC
C 篇:  28-31   DCBB
D篇:  32-35   ADBB
七选五:36-40   CGAFD
三、完型填空
41-45  DBBCA   46-50  CADAC 51-55 DBADD  56-60  CBADA
四、语法填空
61. restrictions    62. to be put/putting   63 are used  64. while/when   65. the
66. closely       67. of/about         68.various   69.too       70.However
五、改错题
 
写作:
Dear Jack,
I’m glad you’re interested in the origin of the name of Chang’e 4 probe, which successfully landed on the far side of the moon this year. Here I’d like to tell you something about it.
The story of Chang’e and her flight to the moon has been popular throughout China for thousands of years. In the eyes of ancient Chinese, Chang’e was the first person who set foot there, and was regarded as the hope and desire in exploring the moon.That’s why the probe is named after Chang’e.
I’m sure we’ll make greater progress in space exploration and realize our dream of the manned spaceship landing on the moon.  
                                                                  Yours,
Li Hua

听力原文
Text 1(21词)天气
W: I thought you’d get wet. It’s pouring down outside now.
M: Well, lucky me. I just managed to get into my car in time.
Text 2(32词)出行方式
W: Could you tell me how to get to the Theodore’s Park?
M: The best way is to take the underground. It’s really much faster than taking a taxi or a bus.
Text 3(37词)感冒在家
M: I went shopping last Sunday. Did you go visiting your grandparents as planned?
W: No, I got a bad cold, so I just stayed at home in case that I would spread it to anyone else.
Text 4(44词)花店
W: Buy some roses, Sir? They were not grown locally, but under the sunshine of the Andes Mountains.
M: Wow! They are still so fresh!
W: They were transported here by plane, and we water them every day and keep them under perfect temperature.
Text 5(49词)暑期计划
W: Do you need me to find you a part-time job during your summer holiday?
M: No. At first I planned to go to Egypt and see the pyramids, but I’ll have to stay at home and do my homework because my school report is not good at all.
Text 6(98词)远离社交媒体
W: Did you have a nice weekend, Charlie?
M: Terrible. I went camping with my family.
W: That sounds fun!
M: It’s boring. I didn’t have any service on my phone, so I couldn’t check Facebook or Twitter the whole weekend!
W: Did it matter? Didn’t you enjoy hiking or swimming with your family?
M: Not really. I did enjoy taking pictures of us fishing, but I couldn’t even post them until we got back on Monday.
W: Hmm... Sounds to me that you need to learn how to enjoy life without sharing every moment on social media.
Text 7(92词)文房四宝
W: Hello, I’d like to get some souvenirs for my teachers back in England. Any recommendation?
M: Sure, Miss. Many people visiting China will buy silk, fans or Longjing tea.
W: Anything else? Is there anything which can represent Chinese culture?
M: Maybe the “Four Treasures of the Study” are the things you’re looking for.
W: What are they?
M: They are the Hu writing brush, Hui ink stick, Duan ink-stone and Xuan paper.
W: Fascinating. I’ll get them. Thank you very much.
M: My pleasure. Hope you’ll have a good trip.      
Text 8(120词)健康手环
W: What are you wearing?
M: A Fitbit. It’s a watch that helps me keep track of my health.
W: Is it accurate?
M: I don’t know. I read a study on web recently. It has analyzed the Fitbit’s heart rate monitor, saying it doesn’t do a good job at measuring your heartbeat during physical activity, as it gives a higher reading. But Fitbit’s company says it’s not true and they are very angry about this irresponsible conclusion.
W: Yeah. A study like this will truly hurt their business. Anyway, do you wear your Fitbit often, or just when you’re exercising?
M: I wear it all day, even when I sleep.
W: Hmm, maybe I should get one for myself.
Text 9(188词)坦佩雷学生运动会
M: Peggy, I’m coming to Finland!
W: Great! I can’t wait to see your team members!
M: Yeah. The games still start on May 19th as you told me before, right?
W: We’ve cut the program by a day, so now Tampere Student Games will begin on the 20th, still ending on the 23rd. It’s the 80th anniversary of Finnish Student Sport, so the opening ceremony on the first evening is going to be magnificent!
M: I see. How much is the entry fee for the games?
W: This year it’s gone up from 15 to 20 euros a day per person.
M: Okay. Can you recommend a hotel?
W: Well, Tampere is quite a big city, so there are a lot of hotels. The Homeland Hotel would be convenient if you come by train. As for the Hermica, it’s offering a reduced rate for participants in the games. It’s a very nice hotel.
M: I see.
W: Look, why don’t I give you a website address, and it’ll give you every detail about the program you need to know.
M: Thanks, Peggy. You’ve been a great help.
Text 10(172词)惠特尼·休斯顿
M: On February 11th, 2012, the legendary American singer Whitney Houston, was found dead in the bathtub in Room 434 at the Beverly Hilton Hotel in Los Angeles at the age of 48. Police believed that she died because of misuse of drugs.
Whitney was one of the world’s most famous musical artists, who had sold over 170 million albums, singles, and videos worldwide, and had won a total of 415 awards in her career.
Whitney first began singing in a church when she was a kid, and later performed alongside her mother in some nightclubs in New York. It was around that time that she was discovered by the legendary music producer Clive Davis, who signed her to a long-term recording deal. Clive produced seven studio albums for Whitney, and all of them turned out to be a huge success.
Whitney also starred in several movies, including The Bodyguard. Her hit song from that soundtrack, I Will Always Love You, became the best-selling song by a female artist in music history

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