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The makeup of British families has changed 1__________(rapid) over the last two hundred years. The traditional family structure (结构)before the Industrial Revolution was the extended family in 2__________three generations lived under one roof. The early twentieth century saw the 3__________( grow) of the nuclear family—parents and a small number of 4__________( child) would form a single family. In the last thirty years, however, the UK 5__________( see) a breakdown of the typical nuclear family.
Increased divorce rates, later marriage and a move away from marriage altogether have resulted 6__________new forms of family ; divorced parents will develop new relationships and take their kids with them. A survey 7__________( conduct) by researchers shows that over 50% of kids are now born to parents who are not married.
Some minority communities stick to the extended family structure, and it is common 8__________(find) that three generations are living together in an Indian family. They say that apart from strengthening traditional family ties, 9__________can provide security for older people when they cannot work anymore. They believe that the phenomenon of other old people living in care homes 10__________ (indicate) that many old people in the wider community are abandoned in their old age.
二、 Walking is one of the healthiest and cheapest ways to get moving. All you need are a pair of comfortable shoes and the 1__________(willing) to get moving. Start gradually and increase your distance 2__________no more than five minutes each week. Don’t worry about how far you can go. Walk at a pace where you can breathe 3__________
(comfort). Try this walk three times in your first week and in the following week 4_____
extra couple of minutes. Continue to build your distance gradually until you are at a stage 5__________you can walk for 30 minutes.
There will be days when you won’t feel like 6__________(go) out. We all can create excuses on these days, but it’s a lot harder 7_________(explain) your excuses to someone else. So walking with others 8__________(be) a better way out. Sometimes a canine(犬类的) buddy is even better than a human one. Evidence 9__________(show) the most active old people are those who have a dog. The dog won’t listen to your excuses about being too busy or 10__________(tire). The dog won’t mind the cold or the rain.
三、 When I was 8 years old, my best friend gave me a copy of this book and told me that I might find it interesting. He could not have been more right, for I 1__________(absorb) in the book immediately and I finished it in a matter of three days. To me 2________was a miracle(奇迹)to finish a book so 3__________(quick) at that age! I found that the book was 4__________great benefit and entertaining at the same time. The author, Mr. Dale Carnegie, didn’t introduce a principle or an idea without 5__________(support) it with at least one real life story where the principle 6__________(introduce) was proved helpful. After that point I noticed a great, almost immediate, effect on my 7___________
(behave) as I was growing up. I noticed that I was getting along better with my parents and teachers,8__________(much) popular at school, and I even began to understand people much better 9__________before. I grew up believing that this book was one of the 10__________(great) factors involved in shaping my character.
四、 My grandfather is a 1__________(retire) worker. On summer evenings, we often sat together outside the house 2__________(enjoy) the cool air. It was the time that he told me lots of his experiences before liberation.
When my grandfather was fourteen years old, he worked in a coal mine. One day, when he and his two workmates were working in the tunnel, an 3__________(fortune) thing suddenly happened. A part of the tunnel fell down, and they were shut in it. They had no food 4__________(eat). When they were hungry, they only drank some water there. It was very cold in it. In order to keep warm, they hugged one another. In the darkness, they didn’t know whether it was day 5__________ night, they only felt they had stayed there for a very long time. They were too hungry to speak or move, and thought they 6__________(die). At last, the tunnel 7__________(dig) through. They were saved. They had been there for fourteen days! My grandfather said they weren’t let out at once. If 8__________, they would have died. They were kept at the entrance to the tunnel 9__________ it was very dim, and they were fed 10__________ some thin porridge. After a day or two, they had recovered a bit, and they were helped out.
五、 When I first heard about the Belt and Road Initiative (" —带一路”),I thought about something simple and straightforward—like a fragrant cup of tea.
For centuries, tea has brought 1__________(culture) communities and people closer together. In the past centuries, tea 2__________(connect) economies through trade and investment. The Belt and Road Initiative holds a similar promise, 3__________is about connecting cultures, communities, economies, and people. It is about reviving ancient trade routes and 4__________( build) new ones. It is also about adding a new economic flavor by setting up infrastructure(基础建设) projects based on 21st century expertise and standards. Delivering on this promise is not an easy task, 5__________doing so could bring great benefits.