欢迎进入莲山课件网—有价值的教学资料
您现在的位置:  主站  >> 考试试题 >> 中学英语 >> 高二上册 >> 期中试题 

2019—2020学年江苏省各地高二(上)英语最新期中试题精选汇编:阅读理解

【www.5ykj.com - 莲山课件】

20192020学年江苏省各地高二(上)英语最新期中试题精选汇编:

阅读理解

1、【全国百强校】江苏省启东中学2019-2020学年高二上学期第一次质量检测

A

Want to explore new cultures, meet new people and do something worthwhile at the same time? You can do all the three with Global Development AssociationGDA.Whatever stage of life you’re at, wherever you go and whatever project you do in GDA, you’ll create positive changes in a poor and remote community(社区).

We work with volunteers of all ages and backgrounds. Most of our volunteers are aged 17-24. Now we need volunteer managers aged 25-75. They are extremely important in the safe and effective running of our programmes. We have such roles as project managers, mountain leaders, and communication officers.

Depending on which role you choose, you could help to increase a community’s access to safe drinking water, or help to protect valuable local cultures. You might also design an adventure challenge to train young volunteers.

Not only will you help our young volunteers to develop personally, you’ll also learn new skills and increase your cultural awareness. You may have chances to meet new people who’ll become your lifelong friends.

This summer we have both 4-week and 7-week programmes

Country

Schedule[

4-week programmes

7-week programmes

Algeria

5 Jul.—1 Aug.

20 Jun. —7 Aug.

Egypt

24 Jul.—20 Aug.

19 Jun.—6 Aug.

Kenya

20 Jul.—16 Aug.

18 Jun.—5 Aug.

South Africa

2 Aug.—29 Aug.

15 Jun.—2 Aug.

GDA ensures that volunteers work with community members and local project partners where our help is needed. All our projects aim to promote the development of poor and remote communities.

There is no other chance like a GDA programme. Join us as a volunteer manager to develop your own skills while bringing benefits to the communities.

Find out more about joining a GDA programme:

Website:www.glodeve.org

Email:[email protected]

21. What is the main responsibility of volunteer managers?

A. To seek local partners.       B. To take in young volunteers.

C. To foster cultural awareness.     D. To carry out programmes.

22. The programme beginning in August will operate in         .

A. Egypt          B. South Africa C. Kenya         D. Algeria

23. The shared goal of GDA’s projects is to         .

A. explore new cultures       B. protect the environment

C. help communities in need D. gain corporate benefits

B

For Western designers, China and its rich culture have long been an inspiration for Western creative.

“It’s no secret that China has always been a source(来源)of inspiration for designers,” says Amanda Hill, chief creative officer at A+E Networks, a global media company and home to some of the biggest fashion shows.

Earlier this year, the China Through A Looking Glass exhibition in New York exhibited 140 pieces of China-inspired fashionable clothing alongside Chinese works of art, with the aim of exploring the influence of Chinese aesthetics(美学)on Western fashion and how China has fueled the fashionable imagination for centuries. The exhibition had record attendance, showing that there is huge interest in Chinese influences.

“China is impossible to overlook,” says Hill. “Chinese models are the faces of beauty and fashion campaigns that sell dreams to women all over the world, which means Chinese women are not just consumers of fashion — they are central to its movement.” Of course, only are today’s top Western designers being influenced by China — some of the best designers of contemporary fashion are themselves Chinese. “Vera Wang, Alexander Wang, Jason Wu are taking on Galiano, Albaz, Marc Jacobs-and beating them hands down in design and sales,” adds Hill.

For Hill, it is impossible not to talk about China as the leading player when discussing fashion. “The most famous designers are Chinese, so are the models, and so are the consumers," she says. “China is no longer just another market; in many senses it has become the market. If you talk about fashion today, you are talking about China —its influences, its direction, its breathtaking clothes, and how young designers and models are finally acknowledging that in many ways.”

24.What can we learn about the exhibition in New York?

A. It promoted the sales of artworks. B. It showed ancient Chinese clothes.

C. It attracted a large number of visitors. D. It aimed to introduce Chinese models.

25.What does Hill say about Chinese women?

A. They do business all over the world. B. They start many fashion campaigns.

C. They admire super models. D. They are setting the fashion.

26.What do the underlined words “taking on” in paragraph 4 mean?

A. learning from B. looking down on

C. competing against D. working with

27.What can be a suitable title for the text?

A. Young Models Selling Dreams to the World

B. A Chinese Art Exhibition Held in New York

C. Differences Between Eastern and Western Aesthetics

D. Chinese Culture Fueling International Fashion Trends

C

A company in San Francisco, California, has found a way to turn used plastic bottles into women’s shoes.

Every day, millions of Americans drink water and other liquids from plastic bottles. More than 60 million of them are thrown away each day. Many of the plastic bottles end up in landfills or are burned with other waste products.

A San Francisco start-up company called Rothy’s, however, turns this plastic waste into environmentally friendly shoes. Roth Martin is the company’s co-founder. He explains how they turn plastic into soft material for women’s feet. They take the plastic, clean it, and break it down into small pieces. Then they press them through a device that makes soft fibers. Those fibers are then combined together. This is done by a 3D machine. It is designed to reduce waste while making the shoes. The knitted stuff and the inner part of the shoe are then attached to the shoe’s outer part, called the sole (鞋底). This outer sole is also made from environmentally friendly material: responsibly sourced no-carbon rubber.

Rothy’s shoes are sold online. They are flat shoes, with either a rounded or pointed toe. They come in different colors and designs. They cost either $ 125 or $ 145 per pair, depending on the design. After American actress Gwyneth Paltrow discovered them last year, the demand for the shoes grew. Martin says there is no shortage of material to fill that demand. “We’re not going to run out of water bottles any time soon. So we have a limitless supply of material, and I think that is a good sign for our future.” When the environmentally friendly shoes wear out, customers can return them at no cost to a company that uses the recycled materials to make other products.

For now, the shoes are only available to be shipped in the United States. However, the company says it will add international shipping in the near future.

28. What does the underlined word knitted in the third paragraph mean?

A. attached     B. combined C. fixed     D. repaired

29. Which of the following directly helped to increase the sales of Rothy’s shoes?

A. The design and color.               B. The reasonable price.

C. The star power of Gwyneth Paltrow.   D. The company’s advertisement.

30. What is the purpose of the text?

A. To introduce a new way of recycling plastic waste.

B. To describe the process of making shoes.

C. To advertise a new kind of shoes.

D. To stress the importance of environmental protection.

D

Give yourself a test. Which way is the wind blowing? How many kinds of wildflowers can be seen from your front door? If your awareness is as sharp as it could be, you’ll have no trouble answering these questions.

Most of us observed much more as children than we do as adults. A child’s day is filled with fascination, newness and wonder. Curiosity gave us all a natural awareness. But distinctions that were sharp to us as children become unclear; we are numb (麻木的)to new stimulation (刺激), new ideas. Relearning the art of seeing the world around us is quite simple, although it takes practice and requires breaking some bad habits.

The first step in awakening senses is to stop predicting what we are going to see and feel before it occurs. This blocks awareness. One chilly night when I was hiking in the Rocky Mountains with some students, I mentioned that we were going to cross a mountain stream. The students began complaining about how cold it would be. We reached the stream, and they unwillingly walked ahead. They were almost knee-deep when they realized it was a hot spring. Later they all admitted they’d felt cold water at first.

Another block to awareness is the obsession (痴迷) many of us have with naming things. I saw bird watchers who spotted a bird, immediately looked it up in field guides, and said, a “ruby-crowned kinglet” and checked it off. They no longer paid attention to the bird and never learned what it was doing.

The pressures of “time” and “destination” are further blocks to awareness. I encountered many hikers who were headed to a distant camp-ground with just enough time to get there before dark. It seldom occurred to them to wander a bit, to take a moment to see what’s around them. I asked them what they’d seen. “Oh, a few birds,” they said. They seemed bent on their destinations.

Nature seems to unfold to people who watch and wait. Next time you take a walk, no matter where it is, take in all the sights, sounds and sensations. Wander in this frame of mind and you will open a new dimension to your life.

31. According to Paragraph 2, compared with adults, children are more ___________.

A. anxious to do wonders                B. eager to explore the world around them

C. likely to develop unpleasant habits D. sensitive to others’ feelings

32. What idea does the author convey in Paragraph 3?

A. To follow the teacher’s advice. B. To stop complaining all the time.

C. To avoid jumping to conclusions. D. To admit mistakes honestly.

33. The bird watchers’ behavior shows that they _____________.

A. are very patient in their observation B. care only about the names of birds

C. are really fascinated by nature D. question the accuracy of the field guides

34. Why do the hikers take no notice of the surroundings during the journey?

A. The natural beauty isn’t attractive to them.

B. They are keen to see rare birds at the destination.

C. The forest in the dark is dangerous for them.

D. They focus on arriving at the camp in time.

35. In the passage, the author intends to tell us we should ________________ .

A. try our best to protect nature

B. get rid of some bad habits in our daily life

C. open our mind to new things and ideas

D. fill our senses to feel the wonders of the world

阅读:21—23 DBC  24—27 CDCD   28—30 BCA   31—35 BCBDD

 

 

2、江苏省新海高级中学2018级高二10月份月考试卷

A

Metropolis Book Club

Membership:

All you need to do is fill out the order form at the bottom of the page, select your first order from our book list and then post the completed form back to us.

Special offers for new members:

As a special offer, you may choose any reduced-price books from our new members’ book list, to the value of 100 yuan in total.

Join before the end of this month and you receive another free book carefully chosen by our staff.

Order an audio-book from the many on offer, at half the recommended retail price.

When you've joined:

As a member you get around 50% off the publisher’s price of every book you buy, and what's more, they come straight to your door. Your free club magazine arrives once a month to keep you up to date with the latest best-sellers we've added to our list. On the Internet, you can find all our titles for the year at our exclusive members’ website. Our website also has a book swap service where members can request or offer books for exchange.

Being a member:

All you have to do is order four books during your first year. After that, you can decide on the number of books you wish to take.

In each of your monthly club magazines, our experienced staff choose a “Book of the Month” for you, which is offered at an extra-special price. If you do not want this book, just say so in the space provided on the form and send it back to us. We always send the book if we do not receive this form.

Once we receive your order, your books are delivered within one week. And remember, you have up to a fortnight(两周) to decide if you wish to keep the books you have ordered. If they aren’t what you expected, just send them back!

21. How can you become a member of the Metropolis Book Club?

A. By ordering a watch free of charge.

B. By sending the advertisement to the club.

C. By choosing books with special prices

D. By returning the completed order form.

22. What information does the monthly magazine give members?

A. The percentage saved on each book.

B. The names of all the books sold by the club.

C. The list of the newest books available to buy.

D. The books that can be swapped by club members.

23. What can we infer from the last part of the passage?

A. AL least four books should be bought each year.

B. Members can look at the books before they buy them.

C. Members need to buy the "Book of the Month".

D The more books bought, the higher the member’s grade.

 

B

A 3-year-old boy who was lost in the woods for two days is now safe at home with his family. But Casey Hathaway told his rescuers that he was not alone in the rainy, freezing cold woods. He said he was with a friend—a bear.

The child went missing on January 22. He was paying with friends at his grandmother’s house in the southern state of North Carolina. When the other children returned home but Casey did not, the family searched the area for almost an hour before calling the police. Police formed search and rescue team to look for the young boy in the nearby woods. But two days went by and still- no Casey.

Then on January 24, someone called the police saying he heard a child crying in the woods. Police followed up on the information and found Casey at about 9:30 that night. They pulled him out of some briar. He was in good health. Casey told the rescuers that he had hung out with a black bear for two days, a bear he cal his “friend”.

Sheriff Chip Hughes spoke with reporters from several news agencies. He said Casey did not say how he was able to survive in the woods for three days in the cold, rainy weather. However, the sheriff said, “He did say he had a friend in the woods that was a bear that was with him.”

Hundreds of people helped in the search and rescue efforts, including some 600 volunteers, federal police and members of the military. Officer Hughes told reporters that at no point did he think Casey had been kidnapped.

His mother Brittany Hathaway talked with reporters from a local news agency and thanked everyone who joined the search for her son. “We just want to tell everybody that we’re very thankful that you took the time out to search for Casey and prayed for him, and he’s good,” said his mother. “He is good, he is up and talking. He's already asked to watch Netflix. So, he's good …”

24. When did Casey get lost?

A. On January 24.                        B. After a 911 call  

C. Before his playmates returned home.       D. After he left his grandmother’s home

25. What can we know about the boy?

A. He survived with the help of a bear.

B. The rescuers rescued him from a bear.

C. Someone offered key information to find him.

D. He was eventually found by offer Hughes.

26. Why did the mother say that in the last paragraph?

A. To report the detailed situation.          B. To show her gratitude and relief.

C. To invite everyone to watch her child.     D. To appreciate searchers and the bear.

27. Where is this text most likely from?

A. A news report.       B. A guidebook.      C. A diary.      D. An advertisements.

 

C

A survey in the Philippines has shown the country uses a “shocking” amount of single-use plastic, including nearly 60 billion sachets(小袋) a year, a new report said Friday. The report, produced by the non-governmental organization GAIA, is part of an effort to collect data on plastic consumption as environmentalists push for government action to reduce plastic waste.

It contains shocking figures: every day, almost 48 million shopping bags are used throughout the Philippines, adding up to more than 17 billion a year. And that figure does not include the smaller, thinner and often transparent plastic bags known as "labo" bags- around 16.5 billion of those are used per year across the country, the report says. The figures are based on 21 waste assessments conducted in 13 cities across the Philippines, with the national figures produced by extrapolating(推断) from local results.

More than half of non-recyclable plastic analyzed in the survey came from sachets—small plastic packets often lined with aluminium or containing other materials that make them non-recyclable. Small portions of products ranging from coffee to shampoo are often sold in sachets in the Philippines, and are seen as an affordable solution for consumers.

But Grate said the popularity appeared to be more a result of what is available, with wealthier consumers simply buying multiple sachets. “If you go to the supermarkets, it’s rare for you to be able to buy coffee in bigger containers; it's all in sachets,” he said.

The survey is the first time an organization has tried to quantify(确定数量) sachet use, and the NGO hopes to pressure both the government and industry to take action on controlling single-use plastic. The report found that where local-level plastic bag bans have been put in place and strictly enforced, usage has dropped dramatically.

It urged the government to “institute a comprehensive(综合的,广泛的;有理解力的) national plastic bag ban that promotes reusable bags”. And it wants regulations on other single-use plastic products and rules companies to redesign products and packaging to minimize plastic waste.

28. What’s the purpose of GAIA in carrying out the survey?

A. To show how shocking the amount of plastic waste can be.

B. To get people and the government know better about its final goal.

C. To collect accurate numbers of plastic bags used in the whole country.

D. To help make the government take measures to reduce plastic waste.

29. Why can’t many sachets be recycled?

A. They are not made of only plastic.

B. They won’t last long after being buried.

C. They cost less to be made than recycled.

D. They cart naturally change to a simple chemical form.

30. Which is a reason for the popularity of sachets in the Philippines?

A. They can’t be easily afforded.

B. Big containers are rarely available.

C. Shopping bags are often transparent.

D. They are more environmentally friendly.

31. How can companies help reduce plastic waste according to GAIA?

A. By producing fewer products.

B. By inventing new recycling machines.

C. By donating money to recycling companies.

D. By using as little plastic as possible on their products.

 

D

The world’s first hydrogen-powered trains have begun running in Germany. They began carrying passengers Monday in Germany's northern Lower Saxony state. The new train will run 100-kilomete rips and can travel up to 140 kilometers an hour.

A French railroad company called Alstom built the two trains. Team in Germany and France cooperated on the project which was supported by the German government. The new train model ,called the Coradia iLint, signals the beginning of efforts in Germany and other nations to move away from pollution-producing diesel(柴油) trains.

The Coradia iLint designed to run on non-electrified train lines with low levels of noise. It uses a process that combines hydrogen and oxygen 10 produce electrical power, if the system produces more energy than the train needs at that time, it can store the extra energy in batteries. The only emissions(排放物) are water and steam.

A single tank of hydrogen can run a Coradia iLint train for about 1,000 kilometers. This is very similar to the distance a diesel-powered train can run on with a single tank.

Hydrogen-powered trains cost more than diesel trains to build. But Alstom officials say the operating costs are much lower. The company plans to provide another 14 Coradia iLint trains to Lower Saxony by 2021.

The head of railroad operations in the area, Carmen Schwabl, praised replacing diesel trains with hydrogen. She said the move was an important first step in using clean-burning technologies to reach climate protection goals.

Officials say the area’s many wind turbines will produce part of the energy to create the hydrogen to power the trains. Alstom says several other European countries have also expressed interest in developing hydrogen train systems. France has already said it wants its first hydrogen train to be operating by 2022.

32. Why did Germany build the new trains?

A. To replace diesel trains.           B. To carry more passengers.

C. To make traveling much easier.     D. To develop friendship with France.

33. What is one advantage of the Coradia iLint?

A. It runs without making any noise.         B. It doesn’t use electrical power.

C. It costs much less to run.                D. It is cheaper to make it.

34. It can be concluded that hydrogen trains ___________.

A. are widely used             B. are environmentally friendly

C. can stop air pollution         D. can produce water and oxygen

35. What might be the best title for the text?

A. Saving Natural Resources           B. Efforts to Reduce Emissions

C. World's First Hydrogen Trains        D. A New Way to Make Electricity

答案21-23 DCB    24-27 DCBA   28-31 DABD   32-35 ACBC

 

 

3、南京金中、十三中、中华三校联考 2019-2020 学年度第一学期 高二年级 10 月联考卷

 

A

Have you ever imagined what it would be like to see the world through an animal’s eyes? For example, what a chimpanzee sees as it sits at the top of a tree, or a penguin’s view as it dives into the sea to catch its dinner?

These questions are answered in the nature documentary Animals with Cameras, produced by the BBC. The three-part miniseries (迷你剧) was first aired in the UK last month. To explore animal stories “told” by the animals themselves, the documentaries filmmakers worked with scientists to develop cameras that wild animals could wear. “Never before have we seen such high-quality footage (连续镜头) directly from the animal’s point of view,”

BBC Nature executive producer Fred Kaufman told PBS. “This miniseries greatly expands our comprehension of

animal behavior and this camera technology opens up new possibilities for discovering so much more.”

Indeed, the groundbreaking technology provides a new perspective of the animal kingdom. New cameras with enough battery life to shoot for hours at a time were designed to be comfortable enough for animals to wear, according to the documentary’s designer Chris Watts.

The technical challenges didn’t stop there. Some animals were very curious about the equipment, with some even fighting each other for the chance to wear a camera. In the case of chimpanzees, “We had to create dummy (伪



造的) cameras, so that every chimpanzee could get one,” the miniseries’ wildlife cameraman Gordon Buchanan told Live Science.

For animals that were comfortable enough to be with human beings, the cameras could be fitted and removed by hand. But for others, the cameras came off automatically using a timed release and were collected afterward. This meant that the cameras needed to be as tough as possible.

To avoid disturbing the animals, scientist who were good at dealing with wildlife came to help by putting the cameras on the animals. “The last thing we want to do is cause them distress,” the documentary’s producer Dan Rees told the BBC. “To follow an animal in the first place, there had to be a clear benefit in terms of knowledge about it that might be useful to protect a species in the future.”

Their efforts certainly paid off. “Footage that captures these rare and exciting glimpse of animals’ hidden habits is important to scientists, but documentaries like Animas with Camera also resonate ( 引起共鸣) audiences,

connecting them with the beauty --- and peri ( 危 险 ) --- of wildlife in their natural environments.” Live  Scientists

noted.

31. According to the text, Animals with Cameras  .

A. is a documentary made by wildlife experts

B. presents high-quality footage of animals for the first time

C. shows wildlife from the unique perspective of animals

D. mainly records the life of chimpanzees and penguins

32. What does the article say about the new cameras used on the animals?

A. Their long battery life allows them to shoot for several days in a row.

B. They were specially designed to allow the animals to wear them comfortably.

C. They automatically shut down when the school is over.

D. They were found to be not tough enough and came off the animals easily.

33. Why is Animals with Cameras important according to the text?

A. It could help scientists learn more about wild animals’ hidden habits.

B. It has contributed to the discovery of new species.

C. The camera technology shed light on future animal research.

D. It has raised people’s awareness of environmental protection.

 

 

B

Once upon a sunny morning, a man who sat in a breakfast nook looked up from his scrambled eggs to see a white unicorn with a golden horn quietly cropping the roses in the garden. The man went up to the bedroom where his wife was still asleep and woke her. “There is a unicorn in the garden,” he said. “Eating roses.” She opened one unfriendly eye and looked at him.

“The unicorn is a mythical beast,” she said, and turned her back on him. The man walked slowly downstairs and

 

out into the garden. The unicorn was still there; now he was browsing among the tulips. “Here, unicorn,” said the man, and he pulled up a lily and gave it to him. The unicorn ate it gravely. With a high heart because there was a unicorn in his garden, the man went upstairs and waked his wife up again. “The unicorn,” he said, “ate a lily.” His wife sat up in bed and looked at him coldly “You are a booby,” she said, “and I am going to have you put in the booby-hatch.”

The man who had never liked the words “booby” and “booby-hatch,” and who liked them even less on a shiny morning when there was a unicorn in the garden, thought for a moment. “We’ll see about that,” he said. He walked over to the door. “He has a golden horn in the middle of his forehead,” he told her. Then he went back to the garden to watch the unicorn; but the unicorn had gone away. The man sat down among the roses and went to sleep.

As soon as the husband had gone out of the house, the wife got up and dressed as fast as she could. She was very excited and there was a gloat ( 沾 沾 自 喜 ) in her eyes. She telephoned the police and she telephoned a- psychiatrist; she told them to hurry to her house and bring a straight-jacket. When the police and the psychiatrist

arrived they sat down in chairs and looked at her, with great interest.

“My husband,” she said, “saw a unicorn in the garden this morning. The police looked at the psychiatrist and the psychiatrist looked at the police. “He told me it ate a lily,” she said. The psychiatrist looked at the police and the police looked at the psychiatrist. “He told me it had a golden horn in the middle of its forehead,” she said. At a solemn signal from the psychiatrist, the police leaped from their chairs and seized the wife. They had a hard time subduing (制服) her, for she put up a terrific struggle, but they finally subdued her. Just as they got her into the straight-jacket,

the husband came back into the house.

“Did you tell your wife you saw a unicorn?” asked the police. “Of course not,” said the husband. “The unicorn is a mythical beast.” “That’s all I wanted to know,” said the psychiatrist. “Take her away. I’m sorry, sir, but your wife is as crazy as a jay bird.” So they took her away, cursing and screaming, and shut her up in an institution. The husband lived happily ever after.

 MORAL: Don’t count your boobies until they are hatched.

34. It can be inferred from the story that the police and psychiatrist came at the request of  .

A. the wife and husband B. the husband

C. the neighbors D. the wife

35. Why does the man keep telling his wife there is a unicorn in the garden?

A. To trick his wife. B. To wake her up.

C. To make a joke. D. To share his joy.

36. Which of the following is the best title?

A. Who is insane (精神失常)? B. The unicorn in the Garden

C. Who sees a unicorn? D. Who is smarter?

37. Which prover can best replace the moral: “Don’t count your boobies until they are hatched.

A. A good wife makes a successful husband.

B. Better late than never.

C. Who laughs the last laughs the best.

D. A bad conscience is a snake in one’s heart.

 

C

I was 13 or 14. It was summer. We lived in a raggedy house in the thumb of Michigan with no screens on the window in the attic, where my sister and I slept in the same bed. It was so hot and humid up there that tears of sweat dripped down my neck onto what would one day become cleavage. I got bitten on the arm by two mosquitoes at the same time, and while I sat there in front of a fan that did not oscillate (摆动), I watched the red bumps rise because I

was bored.

While thinking about how I might escape, I leaned sideways, and my hand landed on a floorboard that popped up and almost hit me in the head. When I bent over and looked inside the open space, I could not believe my eyes: There was gold in there! I picked up a handful of shiny gold cubes, and I knew there had to be millions of dollars’ worth. I ran to the bottom stair and yelled, “Mama --- I found gold up there under floor!”

Back up the stairs I dashed, but my siblings almost knocked me back down as they ran right by me. When Mama, who had heard me through a floor vent, opened the door and stuck her head in, she simply said, “Chile, that’s insulation (隔热材料). Now put it all back.”

I thought we were going to be free. That we would be able to move out of this dump and we would all have our

own rooms with air-conditioning. I thought I had made a real discovery.

When I reached inside to toss the fake gold back, my hand touched like what felt like a book. I pulled it out. It was old and small: Bartlett’s Familiar Quotations. I wondered whom were they supposed to be familiar to, because I’d never heard or this book. What I did knew, thanks to Ms. Rattray, my seventh-grade English teacher, was the correct way to use quotation marks. And since I was bored, I decided to see what was inside this little book.

On the top left-and right-corners of each page was a word or phrase. I opened it to “comfort” and then “comfort and despair,” and then farther down was “comfortable”. Dang. I had just found out what a thesaurus (同义词词典) was, and I could already tell that this was going to be more interesting.

I remember “Doubt.” “Peace.” “Endurance.” “Fate.” “Hope and Hopeful.” “Honor and Honorable.” “Light.” How many connotations (隐含意义) there were for “light” alone! I’d never thought about it any other way except as a lamp or daylight. “Love” had so many pages, and I spent a great deal of time reading about it, since I had never felt

it. Phew. “Passion.” “Patience.” “Self-control.” “Security.” “Woman.” “Wishes.” “Woebegone.”

It helped to find out that Mr. Bartlett didn’t feel all these emotions himself. He had gathered up quotations from thousands of other people.

I was relieved to discover that some people were not afraid to express how they felt and what they thought, including their fears. I couldn’t believe that people had so many compelling thoughts and feelings about things that were already starting to plague (困扰) me. I realized I was lonely. That I didn’t know whom to talk to about the world

 

and my role in it. What was the point of living? I found myself shoplifting (行窃) to eat something I wouldn’t have

to share, even though I knew stealing was wrong. I wanted to know why so many black people were poor. I wanted to get on a bus and an airplane. I wanted to know what a kiss felt like. What winning felt like. What was it going to take for us to get a front porch with steps? A toilet that flushed? Electricity every day? I wanted to know what it was like to go on a vacation. What was I supposed to do with promises that people didn’t keep? I wanted to know whom to tell when my heart hurt and I cried and didn’t understand why.

In ninth grade, I got my first job, as a page at our local library. I often hid in the dumbwaiter or the ladies room, where I would cross my legs so no one would see me sitting in the stall, and I would read. It was at this library that I realized how some of those emotions I’d felt while reading Bartlett’s came to life in the characters I had started discovering in novels.

When I left home to go away to college, Bartlett’s came with me. Over the years, I’ve kept my original copy, and to this day I often refer to it. I have bought a few of the newer edition, but the first one is the one that liberated me, that helped me see more than my young mind and heart were able to understand.

38. The author’s mother might have felt  when she saw what had been found.

A. a bit annoyed B. very much excited

C. a little surprised D. somewhat puzzled

39. Why was the author greatly-attracted by the book?

A. Because it had different topics.

B. Because it gave her inspiration.

C. Because it taught her to be patient and passionate.

D. Because it originated quotations from thousands of people.

40. What did the author learn from the book?

A. She began to realize her behavior was wrong.

B. She learnt how to express and share her feelings.

C. She began to understand the puzzles in her life.

D. She learnt not to be afraid of her negative emotions.

41. The underlined word “page” in the last but one most probably means  .

A. part of a book B. a person who helps out

C. a cleaner in the ladies room D. a librarian in the local library

42. Why does the author keep the original book until today?

A. Because she wants to read it repeatedly.

B. Because later editions are not as good.

C. Because she wants to liberate her mind and heart.

DBecause it’s a precious reminder of her past.

答案31-35 CBDBA 36-40 BCABC 41-42 BD

 

4、江苏省无锡市第一中学2019-2020学年度第一学期高二年级英语抽测

A

I must have always known reading was very important because the first memories I have as a child deal with books. There was not one night that I don't remember mom reading me a storybook by my bedside. I was extremely inspired by the elegant way the words sounded.

I always wanted to know what my mom was reading. Hearing mom say," I can't believe what's printed in the newspaper this morning," made me want to grab it out of her hands and read it myself. I wanted to be like my mom and know all of the things she knew. So I carried around a book, and each night, just to be like her, I would pretend to be reading.

This is how everyone learned to read. We would start off with sentences, then paragraphs, and then stories. It seemed an unending journey, but even as a six-year-old girl I realized that knowing how to read could open many doors. When mom said," The C-A-N-D-Y is hidden on the top shelf," I knew where the candy was. My progress in reading raised my curiosity, and I wanted to know everything. I often found myself telling my mom to drive more slowly, so that I could read all of the road signs we passed.

Most of my reading through primary, middle and high school was factual reading. I read for knowledge, and to make A's on my tests. Occasionally, I would read a novel that was assigned, but I didn't enjoy this type of reading. I liked facts, things that are concrete. I thought anything abstract left too much room for argument.

Yet, now that I'm growing and the world I once knew as being so simple is becoming more complex, I find myself needing a way to escape. By opening a novel, I can leave behind my burdens and enter into a wonderful and mysterious world where I am now a new character. In these worlds I can become anyone. I don't have to write down what happened or what technique the author was using when he or she wrote this. I just read to relax.

We're taught to read because it's necessary for much of human understanding. Reading is a vital part of my life. Reading satisfies my desire to keep learning. And I've found that the possibilities that lie within books are limitless.

36. Why did the author want to grab the newspaper out of mom's hands?

A. She wanted mom to read the news to her.

B. She was anxious to know what had happened.

C. She couldn't wait to tear the newspaper apart.

D. She couldn't help but stop mom from reading.

37. According to Paragraph 3,the author's reading of road signs indicates___________

A. her unique way to locate herself

B. her eagerness to develop her reading ability

C. her effort to remind mom to obey traffic rules

D. her growing desire to know the world around her.

38. What was the author's view on factual reading?

A. It would help her update test-taking skills.

B. It would allow much room for free thinking.

C. It would provide true and objective information.

D. It would help shape a realistic and serious attitude to life.

39. The author takes novel reading as a way to___________.

A. explore a fantasy land

B. develop a passion for leaning

C. learn about the adult community

D. get away from a confusing world

 

 

B

Before the 1830s,most newspapers were sold through annual subscriptions in America, usually $8 to $10 a year. Today $8 or $10 seems a small amount of money, but at that time these amounts were forbidding to most citizens. Accordingly, newspapers were read almost only by rich people in politics or the trades. In addition, most newspapers had little in them that would appeal to a mass audience. They were dull and visually forbidding. But the revolution that was taking place in the 1830s would change all that.

The trend, then, was toward the "penny paper"-a term referring to papers made widely available to the public. It meant any inexpensive newspaper; perhaps more importantly it meant newspapers that could be bought in single copies on the street.

This development did not take place overnight. It had been possible(but not easy)to buy single copies of newspapers before 1830,but this usually meant the reader had to go down to the printer's office to purchase a copy. Street sales were almost unknown. However, within a few years, street sales of newspapers would be commonplace in eastern cities. At first the price of single copies was seldom a penny-usually two or three cents was charged-and some of the older well-known papers charged five or six cents. But the phrase "penny paper " caught the public's fancy, and soon there would be papers that did indeed sell for only a penny.

This new trend of newspapers for "the man on the street" did not begin well. Some of the early ventures(企业)were immediate failures. Publishers already in business, people who were owners of successful papers, had little desire to change the tradition. It took a few youthful and daring businessmen to get the ball rolling.

40.Which of the following best describes newspapers in America before the 1830s?

A. Academic. B. Unattractive. C. Inexpensive. D. Confidential.

41.What did street sales mean to newspapers?

A. They would be priced higher. B. They would disappear from cities.

C. They could have more readers. D. They could regain public trust.

42.Who were the newspapers of the new trend targeted at?

A. Local politicians. B. Common people.

C. Young publishers. D. Rich businessmen.

43.What can we say about the birth of the penny paper?

A. It was a difficult process. B. It was a temporary success.

C. It was a robbery of the poor. D. It was a disaster for printers.

C

Money with no strings attached. It’s not something you see every day. But at Union Station in Los Angeles last month, a board went up with dollar bills attached to it with pins and a sign that read, "Give What You Can, Take What You Need."

People quickly caught on. And while many took dollars, many others pinned their own cash to the board. “People of all ages, races, and socioeconomic(社会经济的)backgrounds gave and took, ”said Tyler Bridges of The Toolbox, which created the project. "We even had a bride in her wedding dress come up to the board and take a few dollars." Most of the bills on the board were singles, but a few people left fives, tens and even twenties. The video clip(片段)shows one man who had found a $ 20 bill pinning it to the board.

“What I can say for the folks that gave the most, is that they were full of smiles,” Bridges said. “There’s a certain feeling that giving can do for you and that was apparent in those that gave the most." Most people who took dollars took only a few, but Bridges said a very small number took as much as they could.

While the clip might look like part of a new ad campaign, Bridges said the only goal was to show generosity and sympathy. He added that he hopes people in other cities might try similar projects and post their own videos on the Internet.

“After all, everyone has bad days and good days," he said. “Some days you need a helping hand and some days you can be the one giving the helping hand.”

44. What does the expression "money with no strings attached" in paragraph 1 mean?
A. Money spent without hesitation.         B. Money not legally made.

C. Money offered without conditions.     D. Money not tied together.

45. What did Bridges want to show by mentioning the bride? A. Women tended to be more sociable.

B. The activity attracted various people.

C. Economic problems were getting worse. D. Young couples needed financial assistance.

46. Why did Bridges carry out the project?

A. To do a test on people’s morals.              B. To raise money for his company.

C. To earn himself a good reputation.             D. To promote kindness and sympathy.

D

Monkeys seem to have a way with numbers.

A team of researchers trained three Rhesus monkeys to associate 26 clearly different symbols consisting of numbers and selective letters with 0-25 drops of water or juice as a reward. The researchers then tested how the monkeys combined—or added—the symbols to get the reward.

Here's how Harvard Medical School scientist Margaret Livingstone, who led the team, described the experiment: In their cages the monkeys were provided with touch screens. On one part of the screen, a symbol would appear, and on the other side two symbols inside a circle were shown. For example, the number 7 would flash on one side of the screen and the other end would have 9 and 8. If the monkeys touched the left side of the screen they would be rewarded with seven drops of water or juice; if they went for the circle, they would be rewarded with the sum of the numbers—17 in this example.

After running hundreds of tests, the researchers noted that the monkeys would go for the higher values more than half the time, indicating that they were performing a calculation, not just memorizing the value of each combination.

When the team examined the results of the experiment more closely, they noticed that the monkeys tended to underestimate(低估)a sum compared with a single symbol when the two were close in value—sometimes choosing, for example, a 13 over the sum of 8 and 6. The underestimation was systematic: When adding two numbers, the monkeys always paid attention to the larger of the two, and then added only a fraction(小部分)of the smaller number to it.

"This indicates that there is a certain way quantity is represented in their brains, "Dr. Livingstone says. “But in this experiment what they're doing is paying more attention to the big number than the little one.”

47. What did the researchers do to the monkeys before testing them?

A. They fed them. B. They named them.

C. They trained them. D. They measured them.

48. How did the monkeys get their reward in the experiment?

A. By drawing a circle. B. By touching a screen.

C. By watching videos. D. By mixing two drinks.

49. What did Livingstone's team find about the monkeys?

A. They could perform basic addition. B. They could understand simple words.

C. They could memorize numbers easily. D. They could hold their attention for long.

50. In which section of a newspaper may this text appear?

A. Entertainment. B. Health. C. Education. D. Science.

阅读理解:(A) BDCD  (B) BCBA  (C) CBD  (D) CBAD

 

5、【全国百强校】江苏省南通中学2019-2020学年高二上学期期中考试英语模拟试题

A

A trip to Paris is not complete without a visit to the Eiffel Tower. To get the most out of your visit, read our tips below

Visit at Night

Riding up the Eiffel Tower at night and looking out over the streets of Paris, you’ll see why Paris is known as the “City of Light”. At street levelthe spotlights on the top of the Tower zoom across the Paris skyline, and the reflections of the Tower in the Seine are sights not to be missed.

Purchase Your Ticket in Advance Online

Bypass the long ticket lines at the Eiffel Tower by purchasing your ticket online from the Eiffel Tower website. You’ll pick a time to visit, and then select whether to print out the ticket or display it on your phone or iPad a convenient option if you buy your ticket in Paris without easy access to a printer.

Don’t Bring Valuable Objects with You

Before entering the Eiffel Tower, your bags will be examined by a security officer. If an item you are carrying sets off the metal detector, the officer will take you away from the line for further inspection. We’ve stood in line for hours behind people who missed their chance to go up the Eiffel Tower.

Have Drinks and Snacks at the Eiffel Tower

If you’re like usafter an exciting trip to the Eiffel Toweryou’ll be ready to rest your legs and have a relaxing snack and a drink in a Parisian cafe. Across the Seine in the Trocadero area, there are many elegant cafes. The atmosphere is greatbut the prices are in the stratosphere. Actually, the perfect place for common visitors to eat and drink is on the Eiffel Tower itself.

21.  Why does the author suggest visiting the Tower at night?/-*%

A. Because you can see the Seine as clear as possible.

B. Because you can avoid the crowds and enjoy it peacefully.

C. Because you can have a special sight of the city of Pairs.

D. Because you can stand on the top of the Tower.

22.  What does the underlined word “Bypass” in Paragraph 3 mean?

A. Control.            B. Avoid.            C. Stand.        D. Remember.

23.  Why did some people fail to go up the Eiffel Tower?

A. Because they had a quarrel with the officer.   

B. Because they lost valuable objects.

C. Because they set off the metal detector.   

D. Because they didn’t seize the chance.

24.  What can be inferred from the last paragraph?

A. The author recommends tourists have snacks at the Eiffel Tower.

B. You spend more if you have snacks at the Tower.

C. The author prefers to eat across the Seine.

D. The Eiffel Tower provides expensive foods and drinks.

B

Like Indiana Jones (a fictional character),who undertakes daring adventures in his spare time,my father is a businessman by day and a thrill-seeker by night.

His enthusiasm rubbed off on me,and I have been lucky to be his companion on many adventures.We started out by riding America's fastest,most twisted roller coasters.After that a whitewater rafting trip through the Grand Canyon(峡谷)on the Colorado River started our search for other extreme thrills across the globe.

Amazing thrills awaited us at every corner of the world.Skydiving was especially thrilling when performed from a helicopter over the breathtaking Swiss Alps.We have bungee jumped from the world's highest platform, Bloukrans Bridge in South Africa.Most recently,in Interlaken,Switzerland,we attempted canyoning(溪降运动).

Anyone who loves a challenging thrill should try canyoning.Our adventure began with a 90-foot rope down a canyon wall into a rushing ice-cold river.Then we crossed the bone-chilling water toward the mouth of the river,our final destination,where the reward for the journey would be a whole view of the beautiful Interlaken basin.We slid over slippery rocks at one moment,jumped from waterfalls and swam through underwater tunnels the next.Back and forth we alternated,climbing rope ladders before going back into the fresh mountain water.Certainly,clanger was waiting for us in each of these activities,but that very danger provided the rush.Canyoning was indeed one thrill after another,from beginning to end.$&源:ziyuanku.com

While canyoning is possible only in certain places,thrills and adventure can be found anywhere.Our beginnings in the U.S. showed us just that.We continue to seek the big thrills,but in doing so,we have learned to seek lesser excitement in daily life as well.After all,we can't go canyoning every day,and small thrills are better than none for us thrill-seekers.

25. What do we know about the author's father?

A. He is a very successful bushinessman.        B.He is doing a part-time job.

C.He enjoys experiencing adventures.            D. He likes Indiana Jones very much.

26. What does the underlined phrase "rubbed off on" mean in paragraph 2?

A. relate to                B.affect            C. keep off        D.confuse

27. What did the author and his father do when attempting canyoning?   

A. Jumped down from waterfalls and swam across the icy water.

B. Jumped down a canyon river and crossed it.

C.Climbed over a rope ladder and swam through underwater tunnels.

D.Climbed down a canyon wall and swam across the rushing icy river.·.*% ziyuanku.com

28. What does the author want to tell us in the last paragraph?

A. Small thrills in daily life are worth a try as well.

B.We had better go abroad to experience canyoning.

C. Canyoning is not suitable for everyone.

D.America is the most proper place to experience adventures.

C

Do you have a business brain? Are you always looking for the next big idea? Maybe, like me, you might feel setting up a new company is something you might do when you’re older, when you have more experience. But that’s not always the case.

While some of us may feel young adulthood is a time of uncertainly finding our place in the world, sleeping late and partying hard, others are already on a path to great business success. Take the founder of Microsoft, Bill Gates, who started his company as a young university student at Harvard in the US. There are many other examples of young entrepreneurs (企业家) who have become hugely successful, proving that there’s no minimum age to becoming top dog.

But to be the next business executive requires effort. You need to acquire a keen mind and good business intelligence and above all, you need enthusiasm. Starting a new business comes with an element of risk but if you are able to spot the next big idea, it’s probably worth giving it a try. Jessica Rose owns a jewelry making business and admits that “when I first started I had no business training but when I woke up one day, I thought I’d really love to be a jewelry designer.” She went on to be a successful young entrepreneur.

Being young and in business does have its drawbacks; you may worry you have nothing to bring to the table and that the people who work for you tend to be older and wiser. That’s what young British entrepreneur Suleman Sacranie found. He started his third business while studying chemistry at university. He says “now I’ve got two additional directors who have grey hair” but when they first started he says he could tell they were thinking in the back of their heads, “I’ve got a kid sitting in front of me.”

You may think setting up a new start-up is easier said than done. As well as ideas, you need financial backing and expert guidance. But if you’re studying hard at university and don’t have the desire to go into business and make your fortune, keep on studying – an education is priceless!

29. At the very beginning, what’s the author’s attitude to the necessity of being aged and experienced in setting up a new company?

A. Supportive.        B. Impersonal.            C. Negative.        D. Critical.

30. The author takes Jessica Rose for example in order to show that __________.

A. it is easy to set up a new business

B. enthusiasm is more important than a keen mind

C. business training is not necessary

D. doing business needs great effort

31. What can be inferred from the last two paragraphs?

A. Older directors shouldn’t be employed if you are young.

B. Age plays an important role in setting up new business.

C. If you don’t intend to set up business, just focus on your study.

D. Education is more valuable than setting up a business.

 

D

Are you the type of person who has to plan everything? Doyou like to the surprised? Or are you the type who opens your birthday presents when you find them hidden in the closet?

How do people determine the sex. why do people want to know. and what impact does it have on their pregnancy?

While the potential risks of ultrasound(超声波)are thought to he lowest. it is not recommended simply to find out the sex of your baby. There is also the question of accuracy. Ultrasound is less accurate than genetic testing.  Ultrasound is available to the majority of pregnant women. despite the warning against the routine use of ultrasound.Ziyuanku.com

Genetic testing is 99. 1 ?curate in determining the sex of your baby. However, genetic testing carries the risk of losing the pregnancy or harming the pregnancy. Amniocentesis(羊膜穿刺术)is usually said to have a 1%2% loss rate and an additional 1%2% infection or problem rate. There have also been reports of disorder. Recent studies suggest that this problem is reduced if done after 10 weeks.

Knowing the sex of your unborn baby can be for common reasons. such as decorating a baby room. or it can he for medical reasons, such as a sex-linked gene disorder.

The impact of knowing the sex of your unborn baby can be anywhere front tiny things. such as decorating a nursery to high impact such as deciding to stop a pregnancy because of a sex-linked disorder. There is also the question of accuracy and bringing your new baby boy home to his pink room and closet full of dresses.

There are ways of predicting the sex of your baby that are not as accurate, and should not be used for diagnostic(诊断的)purposes but are fun. Either way you go. whether or not you choose to know. the surprise will eventually be revealed at that magic moment when you hear.

"It's a…”

32. What does the underlined word "it" in Paragraph 2 refer to?

A. The condition of an unborn baby.     

B. The habit of planning everything.

C. The labor to find hidden presents.     

D. The act of knowing the sex of an unborn baby.

33. Compared with genetic testing. determining the sex of an unborn baby by ultrasound is considered______

A. less common            B. less accurate       

C. more risky              D. more useful

34.  What can we know about ultrasound from the text?

A. It is the most dangerous for routine use.

B. It shouldn't be used on pregnant women too often.

 

C. It shouldn't be available to pregnant women at all.

D. It shouldn't be used to determine the sex of an unborn baby.

35.  Whatthe text mainly about?

A. Impacts on babies after testing them.

B. Ways and benefits to know the sex of an unborn baby.

C. Dangers of knowing the sex of an unborn baby.

D. Techniques to change the sex of an unborn baby.

21-24  C B C A        25-28  C B D C     29-31  A B C   32-35  D B B B      

 

 

6、江苏省徐州市丰县中学2019-2020学年高二10月月考英语试

A

 

With their pipes and lids to avoid spills, coffee cups have long been the alternative for adults. Now Starbucks is going all in on the concept by swearing to get rid of straws by 2020—and it’s all for a very good reason. This move is an answer to our own partners about what we can do to reduce the need for straws. Not using a straw is the best thing we can do for the environment.

In place of plastic straws, Starbucks plans to offer recyclable lids for all iced drinks and paper straws for coffee. The transition is already taking place in Starbucks’ hometown of Seattle, where a ban on plastic straws went into place on July 1. By rolling this out in all 28,000 of their stores by 2020, the company says they are annually removing more than one billion straws from going into circulation—and potentially the ocean.

Starbucks’ decision to gradually stop using single-use plastic straws is a shining example of the important role that companies can play in stopping the tide of ocean plastic. With eight million metric tons of plastic entering the ocean every year, we cannot afford to let industry sit on the sidelines. Marine life has a 50?ath rate when it swallows plastic—yet researchers believe there will be more plastic in the ocean than fish by the year 2050 if this rate of litter continues. That means there can be an immediate positive impact if we swap plastic straws for environmentally friendly alternatives.

The smart design on the cup for cold drinks comes from Starbucks’ in-house team of designers and has been in development for two years. However, the announcement comes as outcry (倒彩) increases over the dangers that plastic straws can cause to marine life. Other companies making the eco-friendly swap also announced plans last month to test alternatives to plastic straws.

21. Why does Starbucks decide to get rid of plastic straws?

    A. To reduce its cost. B. To meet the customers’ needs.

    C. To create a greener planet. D. To expand its business worldwide.

22. What does the word “transition” in paragraph 2 refer to?

    A. Recycle. B. Change. C. Response. D. Conflict.

23. What’s the text mainly about?

A. Starbucks is throwing away plastic straws for a worthy cause. 

B. Environmentally friendly material will replace plastic straws.

C. Scientists are making efforts to solve ocean plastic pollution.

D. A sales promotion of a new brand by Starbucks is being done.  

 

B

When I was sixteen years old, I made my first visit to the United States. It wasn’t the first time I had been abroad. Like most English children, I learned French at school. And I had often been to France, so I was used to speaking a foreign language to people who didn’t understand English. But when I went to America, I was really looking forward to having a nice easy holiday without any language problems.

       How wrong I was! The misunderstanding began at the airport. I was looking for a public telephone to give my American friend Daisy a call and tell her that I had arrived. A friendly old man saw me looking lost and asked if he could help me.

       “Yes”, I said, “I want to give my friend a ring.”

           “Well, that’s nice,” he said, “Are you getting married? But aren’t you a bit young?”

       “Who is talking about marriage?” I replied. “I only want to give my friend a ring to tell her I’ve arrived. Can you tell me where there is a phone box?”

       “Oh!” he said, “There is a phone downstairs.”

       When at last we met, Daisy explained the misunderstanding to me.

       “Don’t worry,” she said to me. “I had so many difficulties at first. There are lots of words which the Americans use differently in meaning from British. You’ll soon get used to all the funny things they say. Most of the time, British and American people understand each other!”

24. Where was the writer from?  

        A. He was from America.                      B. He was from England.

       C. He was from China.                              D. He was from France.

25. The writer thought            in America.

       A. he would not understand the Americans

       B. the Americans might not understand him

       C. he wouldn’t have any language difficulties

       D. he would have difficulties at the airport

26. From the passage, we can see that “give somebody a ring”               .

       A. means “be going to get married with somebody”   

       B. means the same in America as in England

       C. means “call somebody” to the old man

       D. has two different meanings in America and in England

27. In the last paragraph the word “they” refers to               .

       A. the Americans                                       B. the British

        C. the old man and the boy                       D. the French 

C

 Depression(抑郁) can be a destructive illness, plaguing millions of people worldwide with feelings of sadness, hopelessness, and fatigue. Despite numerous antidepressant drugs, as many as a third of patients don’t respond to medication. This has forced doctors to be more creative in finding different treatments for the condition.

In the past two decades, researchers have tied depression to a seemingly unrelated condition: inflammation(炎症), the body’s natural response to stress. It could rise from injury or inflection, or even emotional issues like an unhappy marriage or problems at work. Some amount of inflammation is generally beneficial, as it increases production of cytokines(致癌因子)proteins that help us heal and protect us from the effects of overwork.

But excessive cytokine levels, and the inflammation they bring on, could come at a cost—a number of studies suggests that high levels of cytokines could contribute to depression.

Cytokines can reach the brain several ways: directly through the blood-brain barrier or indirectly by binding to nerve fibers elsewhere, which send signals to the brain to produce the inflammation molecules. In the brain, cytokines can disturb the production and release of several important signaling chemicals, including serotonin, dopamine and glutamate, which help control emotion, appetite, sleep, learning and memory. It’s thought that a lack of serotonin activity in the brain causes depression; most antidepressants increase the activity. But cytokines also have been shown to activate stress hormone signaling in the brain, which may also serve to develop depression.

With all the evidence implicating inflammation in depression, doctors have been anxious to test anti-inflammatory drugs as a potential treatment. Four small studies published between 2006 and 2017 by research groups in Europe and Iran found that adults diagnosed with depression who took aspirin or another anti-inflammatory drug called Celecoxib, along with an antidepressant, got more relief from feelings of sadness, hopelessness, guilt and fatigue compared with those taking an antidepressant alone. However, Andrew Miller, a professor of psychiatry at Emory University, thought something was wrong in these small, limited studies. None of them looked at whether the participants had high levels of cytokines before they’d see a benefit from anti-inflammatory drugs.  “Unfortunately, much of the field has fallen into the trap of viewing inflammation as the be-all, end-all,” Miller says. He and his colleagues wanted to see whether the effect of these drugs was limited to the depression patients with high cytokine levels, or if it helped all people diagnosed with depression.

28.Which of the following illustrated how depression is developed?

A. stress → overwork → inflammation → depression

B. inflammation → infection→ stress → depression

C. cytokine → stress→ infection → depression

D. infection → inflammation → cytokine → depression

29.The underlined word “excessive” in Para. 3 is closest in meaning to “________”

A. intermediate B. overmuch C. mild D. appropriate

30.We can infer from the passage that ______.

A. depression will be a curable disease for a long time

B. only aspirin can effectively help relieve people of many emotional problems

C. people who are hard–working are more likely to get depression

D. we have a long way to go before depression can be satisfying treated

31.Which of the following shows the right structure of the passage?

( ①—⑤ represent Para 1—5 )

A.    B.   C.     D.

 

D

As has been all too apparent in recent days at Balcombe, few issues cause greater concern than energy policy. Many village communities feel their countryside is being ruined by the power-producing machines of wind farms; yet they never take "direct action", even though the planning laws put them at a severe disadvantage. And the generous subsidies (财政补贴) , which encourage the expansion of wind power, are not favorable to the village communities and set landowners in conflict with other residents (居民) .

Those who disagree with the rapid expansion of wind farms state that the damage they cause is out of proportion(比例) to the benefits they bring, because their energy output cannot match that of the carbon-based power stations they are supposed to replace. Supporters insist that wind must be part of a mix of renewables, nuclear and carbon, and that the country is committed to meeting EU ( European Union) targets for non-carbon energy generation.

Against this background, the fact that there is an argument within the Government over whether to publish an official report on wind farms' impact on the countryside becomes even more extraordinary. The two parties in the coalition (联合) government are in disagreement over what it should say.

We have some advice for the two parties: publish the report, and let the country be the judge.  Even if it contains evidence that wind farms are harmful, it will hardly be a pleasant surprise to people who do not like them. Equally, supporters must argue their case by acknowledging the concerns and explaining why they are either misplaced or worthy of much attention.

The suggestion that further negotiations are to take place to produce an "acceptable" report suggests that the politics of coalition government are doing the country harm in a certain way. Given the sensitivities involved, all the information should be available so that people can reach their own conclusions, rather than being left with the suspicion(猜疑)that facts are being replaced by political beliefs.

32. We can learn from the first paragraph that__________.

A. energy policy catches much attention of the public

B. the residents are in favor of the expansion of wind farms

C. many village communities are satisfied with the subsidies

D. the planning laws offer great benefits to the residents

33. Supporters think that the expansion of wind power____.

A. is more rapid than that of carbon-based power

B. guarantees an increase in energy output

C. is expected to be much better than that of nuclear power

D. agrees with EU targets for non-carbon energy generation

34. It can be inferred from the passage that____.

A. an official report will settle the energy problem

B. the two parties are divided over the issue of wind farms

C. the two parties have agreed on a further negotiation

D. political beliefs concerning energy issue go against facts

35. Which of the following reflects the author's opinion?

A. Increase political impact on energy policy.

B. Release a statement of supporters on wind farms.

C. Let the nation judge the facts about wind power.

D. Leave the two parties to reach their own conclusions.

21-23CBA  2427 BCDA   28.-31.DBDD  32.-35 ADBC

 

 

7、江苏省苏州市震泽中学2019-2020学年高二上学期第一次月考英语试题

A

Scientists note that babies are strongly influenced by their environment. They say a baby will smile if her mother does something the baby likes. A baby learns to get the best care possible by smiling to please her mother or other caregiver. This is how babies learn to connect and communicate with other human beings.

One study shows that babies can learn before they are born. The researchers placed a tape recorder on the stomach of a pregnant(怀孕的)woman. Then, they played a recording of a short story. On the day the baby was born, the researchers attempted to find if he knew the sounds of the story repeated while in his mother. They did this by placing a device in the mouth of the newborn baby.

The baby would hear the story if he moved his mouth one way. If the baby moved his mouth the other way, he would hear a different story. The researchers say the baby clearly liked the story he heard before he was born. They say the baby would move his mouth so he could hear the story again and again.

Another study shows how mothers can strongly influence social development and language skills in their children.

Researchers studied the children from the age of one month to three years. The researchers attempted to measure the sensitivity of the mothers. The women were considered sensitive if they supported their children’s activities and did not interfere(干扰)unnecessarily. They tested the children for thinking and language development when they were three years old. Also, the researchers observed the women for signs of depression.

The children of depressed women did not do as well in tests as the children of women who did not suffer from depression. The children of depressed women did poorly in tests of language skills and understanding what they hear. These children also were less cooperative and had more problems dealing with other people.

The researchers noted that the sensitivity of the mothers was important to the intelligence development of their children. Children did better when their mothers were caring, even when they suffered from depression.

51. What is the purpose of the experiment in which newborn babies heard the stories?

A. To prove that babies can learn before they are born.

B. To prove that babies can learn on the first day they are born.

C. To show mothers can strongly influence intelligence development in their babies.

D. To indicate early education has a deep effect on the babies’ language skills.

52. Which group of children did the worst in tests of language skills?

A. The children of depressed mothers who cared little for their children.

B. The children of women who did not suffer from depression.

C. The children of depressed but caring mothers.

D. Children with high communication abilities.

53. According to the passagewhich of the following is NOT the factor that influences the intelligence development in babies?

AThe environment .      BMother’s sensitivity .

CTheir peers .                DEducation before birth.

B

Primary schools could be told to remove some traditional subject-based lessons and replace them with “personal development” classes to encourage children to improve their social and practical skill. Parents, teachers and pupils, who took part in the investigation carried out for the biggest ever official review of the primary curriculum, argued that the number of subjects taught to very young people should be reduced.

   The review, being conducted by the government’s school’s director Sir Jim Rose, will consider how to redesign the primary school day to handle concerns that too many pupils leave primary school unable to read, write and do maths at the level expected of them. It will also address criticisms that pupils are expected to study so many subjects there is little time for creative learning.

   The 60 focus groups brought together 1,500 parents, pupils and school staff and is expected to heavily influence the thinking of the Rose review, which the government is promising to back. Instead of a broad range of subjects, pupils should study in-depth literacy and maths lessons alongside a more creative curriculum that encourages pupils to develop personal, learning and thinking skills, they say. Such lessons might include “healthy lifestyles, sex and relationships education, drugs and alcohol education”.

   “Child and personal development as priorities have been shamefully neglected in recent years in the rush to hit targets in the basics.” John Bangs, head of education at the National Union of Teachers, said, “The worst thing would be to evaluate child development through the current high stakes testing system. That would weaken the capacity of teachers to meet children’s unique needs.”

   However, the shadow schools minister, Nick Gibb, said, “If lessons on lifestyle are given the same status as traditional subjects, it is the most disadvantaged children who will be worst affected.” “Children are not able to personally develop and succeed in the future if they don’t have a grasp of basic subjects such as maths and English early on in primary school. Removing high requirement from the primary curriculum would increase the inequality gap between less well-off pupils and the rest.” Nick added. A spokeswoman for the Department for Children, Schools and Families (DCSF) said, “This is a summary of stake holder’s view, not the views of the Qualifications and Curriculum Authority or the DCSF, and has been submitted to Sir Jim Rose’s review as evidence to consider.”

54. According to the focus groups, the result of learning too many subjects is most likely to be that __________.

A. children may not have any freedom

B. children may not have enough time to pursue personal interest

C. children may not know anything outside the classroom

D. children may not have creative ability

55. Which of the following is False about the review conducted by Sir Jim Rose?

A. It will greatly influence the country’s future primary curriculum.

B. To complete it will take more time and efforts.

C. It is supported by the Qualifications and Curriculum Authority or the DCSF.

D. It needs to take fully into account varied views from the society.

56. According to Nick Gibb, grasp of basic subjects early on in primary school is important for _______.

A. the primary curriculum reform          B. children’s development in the future

C. learning more basic knowledge          D. increasing the children’s confidence

 

C

He leant down to the pickpocket. The heaving and gasping had stopped, but he was still making a show of his breathlessness.

“That’s better,” Mallon said. “Can you stand up? Try to stand up. Here,” he said, and gripped the pickpocket’s arm and forced him upright until he saw his face for the first time. As the pickpocket labored for breath, he gazed up at Mallon with his dark eyes. “How could you?” they asked.

Mallon might have said, “Because you tried to steal from me.” But he was still conscious of the flush of joy he’d felt when his blow struck home — when he knew he’d hurt the man. Where that joy came from he couldn’t say, but he knew that its roots were deeper than some clumsy failed theft.

Fat drops of rain began to patter on the awning (雨篷).

“How are you?” Mallon said. “Can you walk?” The pickpocket turned away and leant against the store window with both hands, and his head sank lower as his shoulders rose and fell. A gray-haired woman inside the store rapped on the glass and made a shooing motion. When the pickpocket ignored her, she rapped harder and kept rapping.

“I have to go,” Mallon said. “I’m sorry.” He looked up at the sky. “I’m sorry,” he said again, and stepped into the rain and walked quickly up the street.

One of the Bangladeshi umbrella sellers was working the corner, and Mallon had just paid seven euros when he heard a woman shouting. He didn’t want to look back but did. It was the woman from the shop, pushing and batting the pickpocket away from the window while he bent down and covered his head like a boxer trying to get through the last seconds of a round. Mallon slipped his wallet back into his jacket pocket and took the umbrella that the Bangladeshi had opened for him.

The pickpocket was out on the sidewalk now, in the rain. The woman stood just under the awning with her arms crossed over her chest.

“Excuse me, madam,” Mallon said, coming up to them. “This man isn’t well. He needs to rest a moment.”

“I know these people,” she said. “Our Romans don’t want them here.”

The rain fell in sheets, ran down the pickpocket’s shiny scalp and face, down his leather jacket.

“Here,” Mallon said, and offered him the umbrella, but he only looked at Mallon with his hurt dark eyes and then lowered his head again. Mallon bumped him in the shoulder with the handle of the umbrella. “Go on — take it!” he said. And finally, with a beaten, unwilling look, the pickpocket did.

And that was when he saw a taxi round the corner with a light glowing on its roof. Mallon ran out waving his arm and the cab turned sharply to the pavement, sending a lot of water over his shoes. He opened the door but couldn’t help looking back. The pickpocket had lowered the umbrella to the ground upside down and was leaning on the shaft, head low, neck bared to the sky.

“Wait,” Mallon said to the driver. He went back and grabbed the pickpocket’s sleeve and pulled him to the cab. “Get in,” Mallon said, and took the umbrella and pushed him into the back seat. He leaned inside. “O.K., where do you live?”

“No Gypsies!” the driver said. He was twisted around, glaring at the pickpocket.

“Gypsy? Look, he’s not well. I’ll pay,” Mallon added.

The driver shook his head. “No Gypsies. Get him out,”

Mallon looked at the driver’s nameplate: Michele Kadare. “It’s the law,” he said, “If you don’t take us, Signor Kadare, I’ll report you and you’ll lose your license. Believe me — I am quite serious.”

The driver fastened those pale eyes on Mallon and turned and put his hands on the steering wheel. He raised his eyes to the rearview mirror and he and Mallon exchanged stares.

“O.K., Mr. American,” he said. “You pay.”

57. What does the underlined sentence in Paragraph 2 indicate?

A. Mallon shouldn’t have saved the pickpocket.

B. The pickpocket didn’t thank Mallon for his offer.

C. The pickpocket blamed Mallon for his failure to steal.

D. Mallon must have beaten the pickpocket before helping him.

58. Where should the sentence “He hesitated, then turned back.” be placed?

A. Between paragraphs 5 and 6.           B. Between paragraphs 6 and 7.

C. Between paragraphs 7 and 8.           D. Between paragraphs 8 and 9.

59. From the attitudes of the woman and the driver towards the pickpocket, we can conclude that ________.

A. the Gypsies had a bad reputation in Rome

B. the pickpocket frequently stole around the woman’s store

C. everyone was protected by the law in Rome except the Gypsies

D. the pickpocket couldn’t purchase anything in the woman’s store

60. Which of the following can be inferred from the passage?

A. The taxi didn’t take the pickpocket to his house in the end.

B. The pickpocket succeeded in stealing something from Mallon.

C. The pickpocket was a little suspicious of Mallon’s intention to help him.

D. The umbrella seller gave an umbrella to Mallon free of charge.

阅读理解2*10=20  51-60.  AAC    DCB   BCAC

 

 

8、江苏沭阳县潼阳中学2019-2020学年高二上学期第一次月考

 


A

Fun Day

To celebrate the Year of the dog

Organised by Lam Tin Youth Centre and Kwun Tong High School

Date: 2 February 2018

Time: 10 am—5 pm

Place: Kwun Tong Playground

Fee: $20 (buy three get one free)

Programmes: drama, lion dance, magic show and ballet performance

Highlights:1)  enter the lucky draw to win a digital camera

         2)  learn to make festival food

            Join us on the Fun Day!

            All are welcome!

            Free Soft Drinks

Note:

● Tickets are available at the General Office of Lam Tin Youth Center

● For those who would like to be a volunteer, please contact Miss Olivia Wong one week before the activity.

(   )56. What you have just read is a ________.

    A. note B. report   C. schedule D. poster

(   )57. What is going to take place on 2 February 2018?

   A. A big event to welcome a Chinese new year. B. A social gathering to raise money for wildlife.

   C. A party for close friends to meet and have fun. D. A meeting of Kwun Tong High School students.

(   )58. How much do you have to pay in total if four of you go together?

    A. $20. B. $40. C. $60. D. $80.

(   )59. Which of the following statements is true?

A. Tickets are sold in Kwun Tong High School.    B. It’s unnecessary to take soft drinks with you.

 C. Free digital cameras are provided for everybody. D.Festival food will be served without extra charge.

B

With the development of society, the choice of food and drinks for children is more diversified(多样化) than ever before. However, every coin has two sides. Many facts suggest that children are overweight and the situation is getting worse, according to the statistics(数据统计). I feel there are a number of reasons for this.

Some people blame(责怪)the fact that we are surrounded by shops selling unhealthy, fatty foods, such as fried chicken and ice cream, at low prices. This has turned out a whole generation of grown-ups who seldom cook a meal for themselves. If there were fewer of these restaurants then probably children would buy less take-away food.

There is another argument that blames parents for allowing their children to become overweight. I agree to this, because good eating habits begin early in life, long before children start to visit fast food shops. If children are given fried chicken and chocolate rather than healthy food, or are always allowed to choose what they eat, they will go for sweet and salty foods every time, and this will carry on throughout their lives.

There is a third reason for this situation. Children these days take very little exercise. They do not walk to school. When they get home, they sit in front of the television or their computers. Not only is this an unhealthy pastime(消遣), it also gives them time to eat more unhealthy food. What they need is to go outside and play active games or sports.

The above are the main reasons for this problem, and therefore we have to encourage young people to be more active, as well as guiding them away from fast food shops and bad eating habits.

(   )60. What is suggested by the author to deal with “overweight”?

A. Blaming the shops selling unhealthy and fatty foods.

B. Asking young children to walk to school every day.

C. Living an active life and giving up bad eating habits.

D. Not watching TV or playing computer games after school.

(   )61. Which of the following shows the structure of the whole text?  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(   )62. The author writes the passage to ______________

A. show people a social problem           B. provide facts for government

C. advise solutions to a problem           D. compare opinions with people

 

C

When I was sixteen years old, I made my first visit to the United States. It wasn’t the first time I had been abroad. Like most English children, I learned French at school. And I had often been to France, so I was used to speaking a foreign language to people who didn’t understand English. But when I went to America, I was really looking forward to having a nice easy holiday without any language problems.

How wrong I was! The misunderstanding began at the airport. I was looking for a public telephone to give my American friend Daisy a call and tell her that I had arrived. A friendly old man saw me looking lost and asked if he could help me.

“Yes”, I said, “I want to give my friend a ring.”

“Well, that’s nice,” he said, “Are you getting married? But aren’t you a bit young?”

“Who is talking about marriage?” I replied. “I only want to give my friend a ring to tell her I’ve arrived. Can you tell me where there is a phone box?”

“Oh!” he said, “There is a phone downstairs.”

When at last we met, Daisy explained the misunderstanding to me.

“Don’t worry,” she said to me. “I had so many difficulties at first. There are lots of words which the Americans use differently in meaning from British. You’ll soon get used to all the funny things they say. Most of the time, British and American people understand each other!”

(   )63. Where was the writer from?

A. He was from America. B. He was from England. C. He was from China.  D. He was from France.

(   )64. The writer thought            in America.

A. he would not understand the Americans    B. the Americans might not understand him

C. he wouldn’t have any language difficulties  D. he would have difficulties at the airport

(   )65. From the passage, we can see that “give somebody a ring”.

A. means “be going to get married with somebody”  B. means the same in America as in England

C. means “call somebody” to the old man D. has two different meanings in America and in England

(   )66. In the last paragraph the word “they” refers to

A. the Americans    B. the British      C. the old man and the boy     D. the French 

D

Internet shopping is a new way of shopping. You no longer need to walk round hundreds of shops looking for the items you need. Nowadays, you can shop for just about anything from your armchair. All you need is a computer which is linked to the Internet. Shopping on the Internet is becoming increasingly popular. In the United States, 50 percent of families have computers at home and almost one third are linked to the Internet. Americans spent over US $ 2.5 billion on Internet shopping in 1998. This figure is expected to reach US $ 11 billion by the year 2004.

People can shop for a variety of products on the Internet. Physical products include items such as books, CDs, clothes and food. These types of products are the most common things that people buy through the Internet. You can also buy information products such as on-line news or magazine stories, or you can download computer software through the Internet. Services such as booking airline tickets, reserving hotels or renting cars are also available (可得到的) on the Internet. You can also go shopping on the Internet for entertainment services and take part in online games or e-mail “chats”.

To find something on the Internet, people often use powerful computer tools called “search engines”. You can search for a type of product, such as sports shoes, or a brand name, such as Nike. The search engine will give you a list of websites where you can find these products. These websites may be specialist shops such as a Nike shop, or they may be general stores, called malls, which sell a variety of goods.

Internet shopping offers a number of benefits for the shopper. The most important advantage is convenience. You can shop when you like as the on-line shops are open 24 hours a day, and you do not have to queue with other shoppers at the check-out counters. Secondly, it is easy to find what you are looking for on the Internet. Even out-of-print books may be ordered on line. Finally, it is often cheaper to buy goods through the Internet, and you can tell the shop exactly what you want

The main disadvantage of Internet shopping is that you cannot actually see the products you are buying or check their quality(质量). Also, many people enjoy shopping in the city and miss the opportunity to talk to friends. Some people are worried about paying for goods using credit cards, so Internet companies are now finding ways to make online payment safe.

Internet shopping is sure to become more and more popular in the years ahead It promises to change the way we buy all kinds of things-from tonight's dinner to a new car.

(   )67. “Physical products” are things ________.

A. that can be seen or felt     Buseful for health care  

Cthat help you keep fit     Dconnected with sports

(   )68The best point about Internet shopping is ________.

Athe speed the goods are delivered    Bthe reasonable price

Cthe quality of the goods            Dthe convenience it brings to you

(   )69Choose the most proper heading for Paragraph 5.

APeople enjoy other ways of shopping   BInternet companies find new ways for payment

CProblems with Internet shopping.      DDisadvantages of Internet shopping are not serious.

(   )70“Search engines” seems to be kind of ________.

Ashopping lists    Bcomputer software    CInternet shopping sites    DInternet business

阅读理解56-59 DACB   6062 CBC    63-66 BCDA     67-70 ADCB

 

 

9、盐城市时杨中学2019/2020高二英语上学期第一次调研

A

Theme parks are magical places where adults can act like children and kids have the time of their lives. Here are the top four theme parks across the world.

Ferrari WorldYas Island. Abu Dhabi

Abu Dhabi in the Middle East is home to the world's largest indoor theme park. The main attraction is the Ferrari Rossa-officially the fastest roller coaster in the world. The ride goes from 0 to 240 kilometres per hour in less than five seconds. The force is so strong that those daring enough to go on it have to wear safety glasses.

Tickets:£ 40 per adult and half price for children under 1.2 metres tall.

Alton Towers-Staffordshire, England

Alton Towers is the most visited theme park in the UK. The park offers thrilling rides such as the popular 800-metre long horror roller coaster. Or if you're interested in experiencing the sense of flying, head for the famous Airflying, where you'll need to avoid objects and trees as you fly. The park also has many other attractions, including live shows.

Tickets:£ 43 per adult and 21 per child. Children under the age of 3 get in for free.

Disneyland ParisParis, France

Disneyland Paris' two theme parks create a fantasy world that both children and adults can enjoy. Disneyland Park gives girls the chance to meet their favourite Disney Princesses and

to explore Sleeping Beauty's castle. Exciting roller coasters will keep the whole family entertained for hours on end.

Tickets:£ 34 per adult and27 per child. Children under the age of 3 get in for free.

Oakwood Theme ParkPembrokeshire, Wales

For those who are eager to experience speedy(高速的)turns and drops, this is the park for you. Be daring and go on the Megaphobia roller coaster, a wooden coaster making you scream.

Tickets:£ 38 for adults, 20 per child. Children under 3 years get in for free.

51. Where can live shows be enjoyed according to the text?

    A. In Ferrari World.             B. In Disneyland Paris.

C. In Alton Towers.             D. In Oakwood Theme Park.

52. How much should an adult with a 1.1-metre-tall child pay in Ferrari World?

    A. 95.       B. 60.       C. 107.        D. 96.

53. What do all the parks have?

  A. The roller coaster.  B. The Airflying.  C. The castle.  D. Live shows.

   B

For Canaan Elementary’s second grade in Patchogue, N.Y.today is speech day ,and right now it’s Chris Palaez’s turn. The 8-year-old is the joker of the class. With shining dark eyes, he seems like the kid who would enjoy public speaking.

But he’s, nervous.“I’m here to tell you today why you should … should…”Chris trips on the“-ld,”a. pronunciation difficulty for many non-native English speakers. His teacher ,Thomas Whaley ,is next to him, whispering support.“…Vote for …me …”Except for some stumbles, Chris is doing amazingly well. When he brings his speech to a nice conclusion ,Whaley invites the rest of the class to praise him.

A son of immigrants, Chris stared learning English a little over three years ago. Whaley recalls回想起how at the beginning of the yearwhen called upon to readChris would excuse himself to go to the bathroom.

Learning English as a second language can be a painful experience. What you need is a great teacher who lets you make mistakes. “It takes a lot for any student” Whaley explains“especially for a student who is learning English as their new languageto feel confident enough to say‘I don’t knowbut I want to know.’”

Whaley got the idea of this second-grade presidential campaign project when he asked the children one day to raise their hands if they thought they could never be a president. The answer broke his heart. Whaley says the project is about more than just learning to read and speak in public. He wants these kids to learn to boast(夸耀)about themselves.

“Boasting about yourselfand your best qualities,” Whaley says“is very difficult for a child who came into the classroom not feeling confident.”

54. What made Chris nervous

A. Telling a story. B. Making a speech.

C. Taking a test. D. Answering a question.

55. What does the underlined word “stumbles” in paragraph 2 refer to?

A. Improper pauses. B. Bad manners. C. Spelling mistakes. D. Silly jokes.

56. We can infer that the purpose of Whaley’s project is to _________.

A. help students see their own strengths

B. assess students’ public speaking skills

C. prepare students for their future jobs

D. inspire students’ love for politics

57. Which of the following best describes Whaley as a teacher?

A. Humorous. B. Ambitious.  C. Caring. D. Demanding.

C

A team of international scientists is due to set off for the world’s biggest iceberg in a mission aiming to answer fundamental questions about the impact of climate change in the polar regions. The scientists, led by he British Antarctic Survey( BAS), are trying to reach a newly revealed ecosystem that had been hidden for 120,000 years below the Larsen C ice shelf.

Last year, part of the Larsen C ice shelf calved (崩解) away, forming a huge iceberg-A68--which is four times bigger than London, and revealing life beneath for the first time. Now scientists say it is a race against time to explore these new ecosystems before they are transformed to the light. Marine biologist Dr Katrin Linse from the BAS is leading the mission.

“The calving of A68 provides us with a unique opportunity to study marine life as it responds to a huge environment change,” she said. “It is important that we get there quickly before the undersea environment changes as sunlight enters the water.”

Professor David Vaughan, science director at the BAS, said, “We need to be bold (大胆的) on this one. Larsen C is a long way south and there’s lots of sea ice in the area, but this is important science, so we will try our best to get the team where they need to be. He said climate change had already affected the sea around Antarctica and is warming some coastal waters. “Future warming may make some habitats warm. Where these habitats support unique species that are adapted to love the cold and not the warm, those species are going to either move or die.”

There is growing concern about the possible impact of climate change in the Antarctic. Earlier this month, a report revealed that melting ice sheets in Greenland and Antarctica are speeding up the already fast pace of the sea level rise. The research, published by the National Academies of Science, Engineering and Medicine, said, “At the current rate, the world’s ocean will be, on average, at least 60cm higher by the end of the century.” However, it found that the process is accelerating, and more than three quarters of the acceleration since 1993 is due to melting ice sheets in Greenland and Antarctica, the study shows.

58. Why are the scientists eager to go to the iceberg?

A. To study how the iceberg was formed.

B. To study a newly discovered ecosystem.

C. To explore a new way to prevent climate change.

D. To explore the geography of the Larsen C ice shelf.

59. What do the underlined words “this one” in the fourth paragraph refer to?

A. The Larsen C ice shelf.

B. Climate change in Antarctica.

C. The A68 iceberg with the ecosystem beneath it.

D. The condition of animal species in Antarctica.

60. What can we learn about the A68 iceberg from the text?

A. It is as big as London.

B. It has uncovered an unknown ecosystem in Antarctica.

C. It will disappear in a very short time.

D. It is part of an ice shelf in the Arctic.

61. What can we infer from the last paragraph?

A. There is no need to worry about climate change in Antarctica.

B. The ice sheets in Greenland and Antarctica are melting at a steady rate.

C. Many creatures living in deep water will die out due to climate change.

D. By 2100, the sea level will have risen to a much higher level than now.

                              D

Every year in May, art galleries and museums prepare shows to honor Leonardo Da Vinci, who died in France on May 2, 1519. He is remembered as one of the greatest artists and creative thinkers of all time. His most famous paintings are The Mona Lisa and The Last Supper.

Recently, researchers have been studying a painting-Landscape 8P which, they think, is Da Vinci's earliest-known artwork. They used special lighting to study the artwork and discovered there were two images(图像)not one. One drawing is on the back of the piece, which dates back to August 51473.

The drawing on the front was painted when Leonardo was 21 years old. It shows a river valley and a castle outside the city of Florence. There is little left of the drawing on the back, perhaps because it was wiped off. Only a bridge over a river can be seen. But there is writing on both sides.

The writing on the front gives the date and goes from right to left. Some people would call this "mirror-writing". It's a way Leonardo often wrote in his notebooks. The writing on the back goes from left to right and tells about an agreement, probably to produce a work of art.

Cecilia Frosinini is an art historian. She said, "Leonardo was born left-handed, but was taught to write with his right hand from a very young age. By looking at his writings, including from this drawing, we can see his right-handed handwriting is educated and well done. ”

Experts compared the two handwriting samples(样本)and said they were both made by Leonardo. They show he could write well using his left hand or his right hand.

The drawing is known as Landscape 8P from its number in an art list. It will be part of an exhibit at Italy's Uffizi Gallery. The gallery director, Eike Schmidt, said by studying the drawing researchers gave us a new way of looking at Leonardo's drawing technique and his abilities in writing.

62. Which of the following mentioned in the text has been studied by researchers recently?

 A. The Mona Lisa.  B. Landscape 8P.  C. Mirror-writing.  D. The Last Supper. 

63. What does the writing on the back probably tell about?

A. A statement about the painting.

B. An introduction about Leonardo.

C. An agreement to produce a painting.

D. Something about the city of Florence.

64. What can we learn about Leonardo from Cecilia's words?

  A. He’ could write with either of his hands.

  B. He did bad in right-handed handwriting.

  C. He wasn't good at writing with his left hand.

  D. He taught himself to write with right hand.

65. What's Eike Schmidt's attitude towards the research?

A. Unclear.     B. Indifferent.      C. Doubtful.     D. Positive.

阅读理解

A) 51-53  C B A    B) 54-57  BAAC     C) 58-61  BCBD      D) 62-65  BCAD

 

10、江苏沭阳县修远中学2019-2020学年高二上学期第一次月考

A

Fun Day

To celebrate the Year of the dog

Organised by Lam Tin Youth Centre and Kwun Tong High School

Date: 2 February 2018

Time: 10 am—5 pm

Place: Kwun Tong Playground

Fee: $20 (buy three get one free)

Programmes: drama, lion dance, magic show and ballet performance

Highlights:1)  enter the lucky draw to win a digital camera

         2)  learn to make festival food

                  Join us on the Fun Day!

                  All are welcome!

                  Free Soft Drinks

Note:

● Tickets are available at the General Office of Lam Tin Youth Center

● For those who would like to be a volunteer, please contact Miss Olivia Wong one week before the activity.

51. What you have just read is a ________.

 A. note B. report   C. schedule D. poster

52. What is going to take place on 2 February 2018?

 A. A big event to welcome a Chinese new year. 

 B. A social gathering to raise money for wildlife.

 C. A party for close friends to meet and have fun.

 D. A meeting of Kwun Tong High School students.

53. How much do you have to pay in total if four of you go together?

 A. $20. B. $40. C. $60. D. $80.

54. Which of the following statements is true?

 A. Tickets are sold in Kwun Tong High School.

 B. It’s unnecessary to take soft drinks with you.

 C. Free digital cameras are provided for everybody.

 D. Festival food will be served without extra charge.

B[

When I was sixteen years old, I made my first visit to the United States. It wasn’t the first time I had been abroad. Like most English children, I learned French at school. And I had often been to France, so I was used to speaking a foreign language to people who didn’t understand English. But when I went to America, I was really looking forward to having a nice easy holiday without any language problems.

       How wrong I was! The misunderstanding began at the airport. I was looking for a public telephone to give my American friend Daisy a call and tell her that I had arrived. A friendly old man saw me looking lost and asked if he could help me.

       “Yes”, I said, “I want to give my friend a ring.”

           “Well, that’s nice,” he said, “Are you getting married? But aren’t you a bit young?”

       “Who is talking about marriage?” I replied. “I only want to give my friend a ring to tell her I’ve arrived. Can you tell me where there is a phone box?”

       “Oh!” he said, “There is a phone downstairs.”

       When at last we met, Daisy explained the misunderstanding to me.

       “Don’t worry,” she said to me. “I had so many difficulties at first. There are lots of words which the Americans use differently in meaning from British. You’ll soon get used to all the funny things they say. Most of the time, British and American people understand each other!”

55. Where was the writer from?  

        A. He was from America.                      B. He was from England.

       C. He was from China.                              D. He was from France.

56. The writer thought            in America.

       A. he would not understand the Americans

       B. the Americans might not understand him

       C. he wouldn’t have any language difficulties

       D. he would have difficulties at the airport

57. From the passage, we can see that “give somebody a ring”               .

       A. means “be going to get married with somebody”   

       B. means the same in America as in England

       C. means “call somebody” to the old man

       D. has two different meanings in America and in England

58. In the last paragraph the word “they” refers to               .

       A. the Americans                                       B. the British

        C. the old man and the boy                       D. the French 

C

Having a great collection of books at home doesn’t really mean that you are a person who loves reading. It may be got from your father or your father’s father, and it can just impress people around you with the fact that you are a person of culture.

From my point of view, reading is very important in our daily life. For example, reading is a way of gaining knowledge in different areas. It can help us have a great imagination, and it makes things easier when it comes to making compositions on different themes. It gives you the possibility to speak about science, even if you don’t work in this field. You can express your opinions about a political event because you have read something about that.

Secondly, reading gives us the possibility to enter the world of imagination. We can imagine what life will be like in the future. Sometimes, we compare ourselves with the people in the stories we read and they can give us some clues to solve the problems and tell us what to do in certain situations. Books are based on real life. Even if writers are considered to be somehow different from common people, they often face the same problems as we all do.

In short, I would like to say that literature is the perfect way of enriching our culture, expressing correctly, having a rich vocabulary, being able to understand different fields and really being considered to be a learned person.

59. Which of the following is NOT mentioned in the text?

  A. Reading a lot is good for writing      

B. Reading can help us gain knowledge    

C. Reading can help us have a great imagination

  D. Reading helps us enter the field of politics easily

 

60. We can learn from the third paragraph that ________.

 A. people in stories are always unbelievable  B. books may help us solve problems

 C. writers are good at dealing with problems in life

 D. writers often have different experiences in life

61. What can be the best title for the text?

A. Why Is Reading Important in Our Life  B. How Can We Become a Learned Person

C. Different Reading, Different Functions  D. Having a Good Collection of Books Means a Lot

D

Internet shopping is a new way of shopping. You no longer need to walk round hundreds of shops looking for the items you need. Nowadays, you can shop for just about anything from your armchair. All you need is a computer which is linked to the Internet. Shopping on the Internet is becoming increasingly popular. In the United States, 50 percent of families have computers at home and almost one third are linked to the Internet. Americans spent over US $ 2.5 billion on Internet shopping in 1998. This figure is expected to reach US $ 11 billion by the year 2004.

  People can shop for a variety of products on the Internet. Physical products include items such as books, CDs, clothes and food. These types of products are the most common things that people buy through the Internet. You can also buy information products such as on-line news or magazine stories, or you can download computer software through the Internet. Services such as booking airline tickets, reserving hotels or renting cars are also available (可得到的) on the Internet. You can also go shopping on the Internet for entertainment services and take part in online games or e-mail“chats”.

  To find something on the Internet, people often use powerful computer tools called“search engines”. You can search for a type of product, such as sports shoes, or a brand name, such as Nike. The search engine will give you a list of websites where you can find these products. These websites may be specialist shops such as a Nike shop, or they may be general stores, called malls, which sell a variety of goods.

  Internet shopping offers a number of benefits for the shopper. The most important advantage is convenience. You can shop when you like as the on-line shops are open 24 hours a day, and you do not have to queue with other shoppers at the check-out counters. Secondly, it is easy to find what you are looking for on the Internet. Even out-of-print books may be ordered on line. Finally, it is often cheaper to buy goods through the Internet, and you can tell the shop exactly what you want.

  The main disadvantage of Internet shopping is that you cannot actually see the products you are buying or check their quality(质量). Also, many people enjoy shopping in the city and miss the opportunity to talk to friends. Some people are worried about paying for goods using credit cards, so Internet companies are now finding ways to make online payment safe.

  Internet shopping is sure to become more and more popular in the years ahead It promises to change the way we buy all kinds of things-from tonight's dinner to a new car.

62. “Physical products”are things ________.

A. that can be seen or felt        Buseful for health care

Cthat help you keep fit        Dconnected with sports

63The best point about Internet shopping is ________.

Athe speed the goods are delivered    Bthe reasonable price

Cthe quality of the goods            Dthe convenience it brings to you

64Choose the most proper heading for Paragraph 5.

APeople enjoy other ways of shopping

BInternet companies find new ways for payment

CProblems with Internet shopping.

DDisadvantages of Internet shopping are not serious.[

65“Search engines”seems to be kind of ________.

Ashopping lists                     Bcomputer software

CInternet shopping sites               DInternet business

阅读理解

51-54  DACB    5558 BCDA  59-61 DBA          62-65 A D C B

 

 

 

11、江苏省宿迁中学2019-2020学年度新疆部第一学期高二年级第一次月考情调研英语试题

A

Chicago Doctor Invents

Affordable Hearing Aid

Superb Performance From Affordable Digital Hearing Aids

Board­certified Ear, Nose, and Throat physician Dr. Cherukuri has done it once again with his newest invention of a medical­grade, ALLDIGITAL, affordable hearing aid.

Dr.Cherukuri knew that untreated hearing loss could lead to depression, social isolation,  anxiety, and symptoms consistent with Dementia and Alzheimer’s disease. In his practice he knew that many of his patients would benefit from new digital hearing aids but many couldn’t afford the expense, which is not generally covered by Medicare and most private health insurance policies.

Same Technology as $3,500 Hearing Aids

He evaluated all the high­priced digital hearing aids on the market and then created his own affordable version—called MDHearingAid AIR for its virtually invisible, lightweight appearance. This doctor­designed digital hearing aid delivers clear sound all day long and the soft flexible ear domes are so comfortable that you won’t realize you are wearing them.

This new digital hearing aid is packed with the features of $3,500 competitors at a small part of the cost. Now most people with hearing loss are able to enjoy crystal clear, natural sound — in a crowd, on the phone, in the wind — without “whistling” and annoying background noise.

Try It at Home with a 45­Day Risk­Free Trial

Of course hearing is believing, and we invite you to try it for yourself with our RISK­FREE 45­Day home trial. If you are not completely satisfied simply return it within that time period for a full refund of your purchase price.

·100% Money­Back Guarantee(·Thousands of Satisfied Customers)

For the Lowest Price Call Today 800­315­6343

Phone Lines Open 24 Hours EVERY DAY

Use Offer Code CT13 to get FREE Batteries for a Full Year!

21.Why did Dr. Cherukuri invent his MDHearingAid AIR?

A. Because he meant to prevent diseases such as depression and social isolation.

B. Because he intended to provide patients with low­priced hearing aids of high quality.

C. Because the expense of the hearing aid isn't covered by health insurance policies.

D. Because high­priced hearing aids couldn't be easily assessed on the market.

22. According to the passage, which of the following about MDHearingAid AIR is TRUE?

A. Its price is approximately $3,500.

B. Patients can pay for it after they have tried it for 45 days.

C. Annoying background noise doesn't exist in the hearing aid.

D. It's not easy for others to notice a patient wearing the hearing aid.

 

B

One of the biggest complaints I hear from people is that their friends just aren’t there for them. More than that, sometimes friends are downright rude or even mean. You can’t change people, but you can surround yourself with more positive people. Here are some benefits that spending time with positive friends can provide.

With positive friends, you don’t need to beg for help when you need it, because chances are that they will be there for you without your begging. Positive individuals want others to be happy, and will go out of their way to help you when you're feeling down. As About. com states, “Ideal friendships provide support when you’re down, fun when you’re up, wisdom when you’re lost.”

Compare that to toxic friends, who might snipe at you or even laugh at you behind your back. Those people celebrate the downfall of others, and as a result you’ll end up feeling worse about yourself or the situation you’re dealing with. Friends of this kind will add to whatever amount of stress you are feeling.

Your positive friends will not only help you recover from negative hits you take in life, but they will also inspire you to be the best you can be. For example, perhaps you always want to be a writer. The negative people in your life will probably tell you all the reasons why you won’t succeed. Maybe you have already gone over the reasons why you might fail and this is what has prevented you from trying. But with positive people in your life, you’ll feel more comfortable sharing these types of goals because your friends will give you the emotional push you need to go after what you want in life.

You naturally attract the kinds of friends who are most like you. So if you’re a downer, you’ll probably find that negative people come to you. The same is true for being positive. The more you are able to maintain a positive attitude, the more like­minded people you’ll attract in return.

23.Why does the writer mention the statement of About. com?

A. To prove the importance of friendships.

B. To show all may face difficulties.

C. To compare different friendships.

D. To explain what a friend indeed is.

24. What are toxic friends like?

A. They can be made use of.                    B. They laugh and cry with you.

C. They make you more stressed.                D. They celebrate your successes.

25. What does the underlined sentence in the last paragraph mean?

A. It is true that everyone can be positive in life.

B. If you are positive, you'll attract positive friends.

C. The negative people don't like the positive ones.

D. The positive people would like to stay with everyone.

C

HIV is a tricky virus that escapes typical immune responses. During a successful immune system response to a foreign body, white blood cells produce antibodies that target the foreign body. These antibodies then mark the foreign body for destruction by other immune cells. For the most part, HIV escapes these immune defenses, but rare individuals develop antibodies that effectively block the virus. Researchers are now showing that these antibodies can also act as treatments in other HIV patients.

HIV has several ways of escaping the immune response. Unlike most viruses, HIV specifically attacks a type of white blood cell that is critical to our immune system. During reproduction, the HIV virus also picks up many new mutations (变异), which often change it enough that any antibodies produced earlier during the infection no longer recognize it.

These rare antibodies can also keep the virus from infecting new cells, which could make them an effective treatment. In animal studies, injection of low concentrations of these antibodies could act as a vaccine (疫苗) and provide protection against infection. Injections can even control active infections when combined with additional antibodies that target other molecules (分子) on the HIV surface. These findings led to humans phase 1 clinical trials to evaluate a specific antibody that targets HIV. This study revealed that a single injection of the antibody typically reduced the presence of HIV in the blood of patients who have viruses that were sensitive to the antibody.

After performing test­tube studies showing the effectiveness of the antibody, the researchers evaluated its safety in humans in a small trial. The study included two groups of participants: 14 uninfected individuals and 19 individuals with an HIV­1 infection. The researchers then tracked the clearance of the antibody by following its levels in the participants’ blood. Consistent with previous studies, HIV­1 infected individuals exhibited faster clearance of the antibody, with a half­life of 12.8 days compared to 24.0 days for uninfected participants. Despite the fast clearance, however, the antibody appeared to be effective.

Thirteen HIV­1 infected participants with the highest levels of virus received the highest dose (剂量) of the antibody. Eleven of them showed a rapid decline in HIV levels. Tracking the infection through the first weeks after treatment revealed the evolution of multiple viruses that were no longer affected by the antibody. However, these new variants (变体) generally remained sensitive to antibodies targeting other virus surface molecules.

Overall, this investigation shows the safety of injections of antibody 10­1074 in humans. Thus, researchers may be able to build a cocktail of antibodies that effectively block active HIV infections.

26. HIV escapes immune responses by ________.

A. removing the foreign body

B. identifying the immune system

C. attacking a certain white blood cell

D. reproducing some effective antibodies

27.What does the underlined word “it” in Paragraph 2 refer to?

A. The immune system.

B. A type of white blood cell.

C. The HIV virus.

D. An antibody.

28. The purpose of the further study of antibodies is to ________. 

A. introduce a vaccine protecting humans against infection

B. confirm the reduction of HIV in the blood of the patients

C. track a faster clearance of antibodies in uninfected subjects

D. prove the safety and effectiveness of antibodies in humans

29. What can we infer from the passage?

A. Antibodies remain ineffective against most HIV viruses.

B. Researchers feel optimistic about a new cure for HIV.

C. Researchers get contradictory findings from a series of studies.

D. Antibodies can evolve with HIV viruses from infected patients.

D

On New Year’s Eve, 64­year­old Bob was watching the Fiesta Bowl between Clemson and Ohio State. It was around 10:30 pm when he decided to go outside and take in some more wood so that he could burn it in his fireplace wearing only long johns, slippers and a shirt. He had taken the short, 15­foot walk to the firewood shed thousands of times before, but this time his poor choice of footwear made him slip, and the fall left him unable to move.

The man started screaming for help, but his closest neighbor’s house is a quarter of a mile away, and at that hour, there was no one around to help him. Luckily, his 5­year­old golden retriever Kelsey came to help. By morning his voice was gone and he couldn’t yell for help, but Kelsey didn’t stop barking. She kept barking for help, but never left his side. She kept him warm and alert.

Bob remained paralyzed in the snow for the next 20 hours. During this time, Kelsey did what she could to keep him alive, including lying on top of him to keep him warm and constantly licking his face and hands to help keep him awake. After about 19 hours, Bob lost consciousness, but Kelsey kept barking and howling for help.

Despite the dog’s best efforts, Bob was probably going to freeze to death, if his neighbor Rick didn’t hear Kelsey’s desperate howling. He was taken to the nearest hospital, where doctors were surprised that despite the long period of time he had spent immobilized in the snow, Bob hadn’t gotten frostbite (冻疮) to any of his hands and legs.

Spine injuries usually result in permanent paralysis, but Bob was incredibly fortunate.  “The miraculous thing that happened is he started moving right away,” said Dr. Colen. “Most people with spinal cord injuries don’t move. It’s tragic and when it’s done, it’s done. I don’t know if it was the cold temperatures or the fact he was lying down on the snow the way he was that may have helped him.”

Before the operation, he told Bob there was a big chance he was never going to walk again, but he was able to move his arms and legs the very next morning. Dr. Colen thought both Rick and Kelsey are credited with keeping Bob alive after his accident. “I think animals can help and his dog really kept him alive and really helped him; he was very fortunate,” the doctor said.

Bob's daughter Jenny said that Kelsey had remained home alone after her father was taken to the hospital. “I knew she was alone and in the house by herself,” Jenny said. “Rick let her out and fed our horses, but I knew I had to get to Kelsey because I knew how scared she must have been without him there.”

Kelsey and Bob are like peas and carrots, and go everywhere together, including at the grocery store, so when Jenny came home to check on her, she wasn’t surprised to find that the dog had brought down nearly all of her father’s clothes from upstairs and made a tent in the living room. She found her lying on top of the clothes. “ It’s so emotional thinking about her and you could tell she was bringing everything she had of his to lie on,” Jenny recalled. “ She’s the sweetest dog and we all say how smart she is. She really proved that she’s as smart as we thought.”

Kelsey was 6­month­old when Bob adopted her. She had been brought back to the breeder by her first family, because they had small children and didn’t like her any longer. “The breeder was going to keep her and use her to breed, but Kelsey came up and jumped on my lap and looked at me and my dad. And I just said she was coming home with us and that she was not having babies the rest of her life for some breeders,” Jenny said. “ We always knew there was a reason we brought her home with us, and I think now we know why.”

30. Why did Bob go outside at night?

A. To fetch some wood for his fireplace.

B. To watch a wonderful football game.

C. To check the safety of his dog.               

D. To do some regular exercise.

31. What surprised the doctors?

A. Kelsey’s determination to help her owner.

B. Kelsey’s success in turning to Rick for help.

C. Bob’s surviving the unheard­of operation.

D. Bob’s not being damaged by cold temperatures.

32. Which can replace the underlined part “are credited with” in Paragraph 6?

A. Are good at.  

B. Are patient with.    

C. Are responsible for.  

D. Are enthusiastic about.

33. What does the underlined sentence in Paragraph 8 mean?

A. Bob depends too much on Kelsey.

B. Kelsey and Bob are inseparable.

C. Kelsey needs Bob’s good care.

D. Kelsey and Bob have the same taste in food.

34. Which statement may the author agree with?

A. Kelsey was abandoned at birth.

B. Kelsey has no ability to produce babies.

C. Kelsey isn’t an ideal type of dog to adopt.

D. An invisible bond exists between Kelsey and Bob.

35. What is the best title for the passage?

A. A Big Challenge B. An Impossible Operation

C. A Heroic Act D. An Emotional Rescue 

阅读理解 

21-25 BDDCB  26-30 CCDBA 31-35 DCBDD  





版权声明:以上文章中所选用的图片及文字来源于网络以及用户投稿,由于未联系到知识产权人或未发现有关知识产权的登记,如有知识产权人并不愿意我们使用,如果有侵权请立即联系:[email protected],我们立即下架或删除。
相关内容
热门内容