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湖南衡阳八中2018-2019高二英语上学期期中试题(带答案)

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湖南衡阳八中2018-2019高二英语上学期期中试题(带答案)

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2018年下学期衡阳市八中高二期中考试英 语 试 题 命题:易建华 审题: 颜曾艳注意事项:本堂考试, 时量:120分钟, 满分150分。第Ⅰ卷第一部分 听力(共两节,每小题1.5分,满分30)做题时,先将答案标在试卷上,录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。,第一节 (共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分) 听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。1. What will the woman do this weekend? A. Go swimming. B. Camp in the mountain. C. Go hiking. 2. Who catches the fish? A. Jason. B. The man. C. The woman.3. How many people will go to the park? A. 2. B. 3. C. 4.4. What is going to be cleaned? A. The toilets. B. The bedrooms. C. The living room.5. What will the man buy? A. A cellphone. B. A computer. C. Nothing.第二节(共15小题,每小题1.5分,满分22.5分) 听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第6段材料,回答第6至7题。6. What’s the man’s father? A. A scientist. B. A travel agent. C. A businessman.7. What does the man probably like most now? A. Science. B. Travel. C. Business.听第7段材料,回答第8至9题。8. How soon must the speakers finish lunch? A. In an hour. B. In 45 minutes. C. In half an hour.9. Why won’t the speakers go to Dave’s? A. It is closed today. B. It is too far away. C. It is usually crowded.网] 听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。10. What does the man show to the woman? A. A toy car. B. A new phone. C. An alarm clock.11. How is the new product different from others? A. It can ring and talk. B. It can roll and jump. C. It can sing and move.12. Who doesn’t need the new product? A. The man. B. The woman. C. The woman’s nephew. 听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。13. Where does the conversation probably take place? A. In a shop. B. In a travel agency. C. At the seaside.14. What does the man plan to do? A. Go traveling. B. Book a ticket. C. Buy new sunglasses.15. What will the man do first? A. Learn to swim. B. Learn to surf. C. Surf the Internet16. Why is May the best time to visit Hawaii? A. The expenses are the lowest. B. The weather is pleasant. C. The sceneries are the most beautiful. 听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。17. Why does the speaker give the talk?A. To announce some changes. B. To apologize for an accident.C. To inform passengers of leaving.18. From which platform will the train to London leave?A. 3. B. 6. C. 9.19. When will the train to Bristol leave? A. At 10:15 am. B. At 10:55 am. C. At 12:20 pm.20. What do we know about Mr. Green? A. He is travelling to London. B. He works in the luggage office. C. He lost his computer at the railway station.第二部分 阅读理解(共两节, 满分40分)第一节(共15小题,每小题2分, 满分30分。)阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。AWelcome to Pocono WhitewaterThere's something fun here at Pocono Whitewater for every level of adventurer! We have mild to wild whitewater rafting, family trips, and bird watching boating…Choose one adventure now…It's up to you! We have trips available daily. Give us a call today!Dam Release Whitewater RaftingExperience the best whitewater on the Lehigh River! Surrounded by forests and mountains, you will enjoy 12 miles and 5 hours of Class Ⅲ whitewater rafting and outstanding scenery. This is a fun and thrilling trip that everyone from aged 12 and up can do! While paddling (划桨) in the swift water, you'll shout and laugh.Dam Release Whitewater Rates:★Individual (aged 12 & up):﹩61.00★Group (at least 8 people):﹩31.00Rates Include:all necessary rafting equipment, life jacket, free parking, bus service to/from the river & camp; professional river guides.Family Style Whitewater RaftingBring along the whole family this summer and enjoy 8 miles and 5 hours long of ClassⅠwhite water rafting. Mild water of the Lehigh River is simply perfect for beginners, school groups, and kids aged 4 and older. This is just perfect for enjoying the passing scenery, kicking your feet over the edge of the raft, or taking a swim in the river!One of the most unique things about this trip is a free riverside barbeque! Our workers will cook and serve you a picnic lunch﹣hot dogs, potato salad, fruit, etc…The classic family picnic!Family Style Rafting Rates:★Adult:﹩39.00★Child (aged 4 thru 14):﹩33.00★Group (at least 8 people):﹩30.00Rates Include:all necessary rafting equipment, life jacket, free parking, bus service to/from the river, and a barbecue lunch. However, river guides not included.21. Which of the following people is suitable for Dam Release Whitewater Rafting?   A. A 4 years old boy. B. A 6 years old girl.C. An 8 years old girl. D. A 14 years old girl.22. If ten college students are to participate in the Dam Release Whitewater Rafting, how much money will be paid in total?  A. ﹩310. B. ﹩330. C. ﹩390. D. ﹩610.23. Family Style Whitewater Rafting is unique in that_____________.A. it allows people to swim in the river B. it provides good sceneryC. it offers all necessary rafting equipment D. it provides a barbecue lunch for freeB My senior year of high school was a very hectic one, to say the least. If I wasn’t studying or worrying about my grades, I was working on after-class activities. It seemed as if my life had turned into one crazy cloud of confusion and I hoped to find some sort of direction.Finally, I got a part-time job at the local coffee shop. I had thought it would be easy and, for the most part, stress-free. I pictured myself pouring coffee and becoming close friends with my customers. What I hadn’t expected were the people with so many orders. There were moments when I was very angry simply because I couldn’t seem to please anyone. There was always too much sugar, too little ice, or not enough skim milk. However, I kept at it.One day, one of my customers came in, depressed. Before he left, I handed him a bag along with his iced coffee. He looked at me questioningly because he hadn’t ordered anything but the coffee. He opened the bag and saw his favorite doughnut (甜甜圈) I had given him. He smiled and thanked me before heading out into the rain. The next evening, he came. Instead of ordering something, he handed me a single pink rose and a note.“Thanks for being so sweet and thoughtful yesterday. It is so nice to meet someone who’s warm and unselfish. Please don’t change your ways because I truly believe that you will do better. Have a great day!”As time went on, I did come across some customers really particular. But anytime I felt depressed, I thought of that man and his kindness. Then I would smile, hold my head up high, clear my throat and ask politely, “How can I help you?”24. What does the underlined word “hectic” in Paragraph 1 mean?A. Glad. B. Interesting. C. Productive. D. Busy.25. What can we know about the author’s part-time job?A. It is easy and stress-free. B. It is quite busy and challenging.C. It doesn’t need special skills. D. It gives the author a feeling of freshness.26. The customer’s note ________.A. showed his thanks to the author B. offered suggestions to the authorC. encouraged the author to work harder D. gave an explanation of his condition27. What’s the message the author want to convey?A. Kind words are worth much but cost little.B. It is impossible to satisfy everyone in our life.C. A small act of kindness can make a big difference.D. Our attitude determines our suffering or our freedom.CAn Italian company has created the world’s first underwater farm. The station named Nemo’s Garden consists of five biospheres (生物圈) fixed to the bottom of the sea off the coast of Savona, Italy. They’re being used to grow strawberries, beans, garlic, and lettuce.“The main target of this project is to create other sources of plant production in areas where environmental conditions make it difficult to grow crops through traditional farming, including lack of fresh water, fertile soil, and extreme temperature changes,’’ said project spokesperson Luca Gamberini.The five biospheres, currently floating between depths of 18 and 36 feet, are constantly watched by Ocean Reef Group --- a diving equipment company --- from a control center on dry land. According to various news reports, the plants are watered by drips of water on the inner walls of the biospheres. With a constant temperature of 79 degrees day and night, and humidity (湿度) at around 83 percent, the conditions are ideal for plants to grow well. The high amount of carbon dioxide also encourages growth.Ocean Reef president Sergio Gamberini said he came up with the idea of growing plants underwater during a summer vacation in Italy. In his own words, he wanted to do something that’s different and to show the beauty of the ocean. After two years of failed attempts, they finally were able to get these five biospheres working. Their success may lay the foundation for a new form of crop production that can be done without harming the environment.In fact, the biosphere seems to be attracting wildlife. Octopuses (章鱼) and endangered seahorses are taking shelter under the structure, while crabs (螃蟹) are climbing up the anchors and into the greenhouses. None of the creatures have damaged the plants so far. “It’s so kind of science-fiction to see these two different forms of life interact,” Gamberini said.28. Why was the underwater farm created?A. To help explore the sea. B. To find a new way of growing crops.C. To improve the sea environment D. To protect sea creatures.29. Sergio Gamberini got the idea of growing plants underwater _______.A. after reading a news report B. from science fictionC. by chance D. after two years of failed attempts30. The last paragraph is written mainly to tell us that _____.A. the biosphere is environmentally friendlyB. the plants in the biosphere is protectedC. sea creatures may do harm to the biosphereD. sea creatures like the plants in the biosphere31. What is the text mainly about?A. The undersea exploration.B. The world’s first underwater farm.C. A biosphere that attracts wildlife.D. Growing plants without soil.DWhen you’re out with a friend and take a photo of yourselves, do you know that you are also creating a work of art? Or that you are competing with Vincent van Gogh himself? Probably not. Your idea might be to show off your selfie (自拍) on WeChat or QQ, but you probably don’t think of the Internet as a gallery or of yourself as an artist.But the manager of London’s Saatchi Gallery, Nigel Hurst, thinks that the casual pictures we take of ourselves do have something in common with self-portraits by the great masters. In support of the idea, the Saatchi Gallery has a new exhibition called From Selfie to Self-Expression, which is running now until May 30.It features well-known self-portraits from artists including those drawn by Dutch painters Van Gogh and Rembrandt. It also has selfies on show, which include one taken by US celebrity Kim Kardashian and another of former US President Barack Obama with former UK Prime Minister David Cameron, according to the BBC. The gallery is even encouraging visitors to add their own selfies to the show.Hurst is perhaps not being 100 percent serious. He isn’t claiming that a snap you take of yourself in your favorite restaurant can be compared with a self-image painted by Van Gogh. But he does make a serious point. Once upon a time, it was only artists who could make images of themselves. They were the only ones, as Hurst told The Guardian, who had the skills, materials and tools to create self-portraits. “Today, however, we all have that ability through our smartphones.”And Hurst described the smartphone selfie as an example of “a transform in society using technology as a means of self-expression”. He told The Guardian: “The selfie generation is becoming the self-expression generation as each of us seeks to explore and share our inner creativity through the one artistic tool to which we all have access, the smartphone.”32. Why does the Saatchi Gallery launch a new exhibition called From Selfie to Self Expression?A. To prove that self-taken pictures resemble the great masters’ self-portraits.B. To support that self-taken pictures differ from the great masters’ self-portraits.C. To show that self-taken pictures outweigh the great masters’ self-portraits in style.D. To suggest that self-taken pictures have something to do with the great masters’ self-portraits.33. What does the author mean by the underlined sentence in Paragraph 4?A. Smartphone users are more competent than artists before.B. The smartphone has gained a powerful self-photographing ability.C. Smartphone users use the smartphone functions to create self-images. D. The smartphone has the skills, materials and tools to make self-images.34. How does Hurst feel about the smartphone selfie?A. Supportive. B. Neutral. C. Critical. D. Concerned.35. Which of the following can be the best title for the text?A. The virtues of the smartphone selfieB. Age of selfie artists around the cornerC. Selfies in comparison with self-portraitsD. The appearance of the smartphone selfie第二节(共5小题;每小题2分, 满分10分)根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。Changing People’s Bad Impression on UsSome of us have made bad first impressions in front of people we wanted to become good friends with. First impressions are important because they form the foundation on which all future thoughts about someone will be based. 36 However, there are actions you can take to change people’s bad impression of you.●Apologize immediately. A sincere apology can go a long way because you will prove to everyone their thoughts about you. Tell the people that you didn’t intend to offend them and that you wish to correct the situation. Explain the reasons why you acted the way you did in your apology. 37 Otherwise, it will make others feel uncomfortable that you keep bringing up the past.●Use humor. When you are around the people you made a bad impression in front of, play a small joke on yourself. Once they know you are not afraid to laugh at yourself, it can break up some of the tension. Remember to only direct humor at yourself. 38 ●Do not make assumptions. After you have made a bad impression, it can be easy to assume that everyone thinks the worst of you. 39 Instead of assuming what someone thinks about you, explain to him that you feel ashamed about how you acted and ask him how your behavior affected him.● 40 In order to overcome a bad first impression, your words and actions in the time to come must be consistently good. With enough time and patience, gaining trust and changing wrong beliefs is possible.A. That way you can avoid any more feelings of discomfort. B. First impressions are usually long-lasting.C. Be careful not to overdo it.D. Be mindful of your surroundings and sensitive in what you say to others.E. Pay attention to future behavior.F. However, things aren’t always as bad as they seem.G. So it’s hard to erase a bad first impression from someone’s mind.第三部分 英语知识运用 (共两节,满分45分)第一节 完形填空 (共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、 B、C 和 D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 Recently I understood the true meaning of love. The 41 was Kane, my neighbor Joline’s two-year-old son.Kane was born with a physical problem on his 42 .And I witnessed(目睹)the 43 that Kane’s physical shortcomings had on his family. I also witnessed much more than that. I saw a 44 family that embraced(拥抱)this special child. A family that wouldn’t allow Kane to know he was 45 . Joline had constructed a small cart(手推车)just a few inches off the floor for his son to 46 . Kane used his hands to move about, and the cart 47 him to “go to” any place just as everyone else was able to do. Kane was not just a member of the family, but the 48 of the family.With a wide smile, it was easy to see that even at the age of two, Kane liked to 49 with people very much. With wisdom of an individual, this boy even 50 the most complex of human emotions. Later I came to 51 that this child was sent to help some of us who weren’t just getting what love was all about.Kane demanded attention, 52 not because of his mobility(移动能力)challenges or other apparent shortcomings. In his mind, he had no 53 or shortcomings. The 54 was that he received attention because he was alive and real and had so much to offer.Kane 55 me in a deep way. His ability to refuse to be different has 56 me. Kane was and is 57 lots of warm and powerful energy to me. From him and his family, I learnt the 58 : love surpasses(超越)all things. I can only imagine that as the parent of a child like Kane one might be filled with 59 . But I believe that having a child like Kane is actually a(n) 60 . The parents of such special babies are angels too, just as the babies are.41.A. problemB. matterC. reason D. pressure42.A. handsB. eyesC. legsD. arms43.A. lookB. commentC. demandD. effect44.A. wonderfulB. similar C. practicalD. fair45.A. irregularB. difficultC. differentD. terrible46.A. get aroundB. speed upC. turn outD. go ahead47.A. invitedB. allowedC. advisedD. caused48.A. symbolB. signalC. markD. center49.A. communicateB. compareC. agreeD. compete50.A. remindedB. discoveredC. understoodD. trusted51.A. recognizeB. realizeC. imagineD. experience52.A. andB. orC. butD. as53.A. challengesB. expectationsC. promisesD. chances54.A. goalB. truthC. possibilityD. result55.A. touchedB. stopped C. caught D. kept56.A. puzzledB. shockedC. amusedD. inspired57.A. evenB. yetC. stillD. almost58.A. skillB. subjectC. noticeD. lesson59.A. anxietyB. determinationC. angerD.excitement60.A. abilityB. advantageC. problemD. exception 第Ⅱ卷第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。The word Nushu literally means “women’s writing” in Chinese: As the name suggests, Nushu is created and specially used by women.Often 61 (call) “the world’s only surviving characters for women”, these slim words were developed from standard written Chinese. In the old days, Nushu 62 (teach)by elderly women to girls at home because female children weren’t allowed 63 (attend)formal school. During gatherings in villages, women used the characters to write poems or song lyrics to express their emotions 64 were hidden from men. The words were full 65 encouragement and positive energy, and showed an uncommon open-mindedness among women at that time.Ji Xianlin once said that Nushu is a feminist(女权主义者)symbol. “It’s 66 unique writing system created by 67 (talent)women who were deprived(剥夺)of the right to education,” he wrote in an article. “It has significance in various 68 (field)and represents Chinese people’s strong spirit.”Nushu was made as a national cultural heritage in 2006. However, it is not 69 (wide)used in daily life today. In fact, it is a dying language. Now linguists are taking action to prevent this incredible cultural heritage from 70 (disappear).第四部分 写作(共两节,满分35分)第一节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。 Of all my teachers, Mr. Smith is the one who impress me most. While he is in his 40s, he looks very young for his age. Compare with other teachers, he pays many attention to the way of teaching. He tries various way to make his classes lively and interested. In his opinion, we should not only know “what it is”, but to understand “why it is so”. He encourages us to think independently instead giving us the answer to a question immediate. Under his guidance, we’ve learned what to solve problems. He is so learned a person that we all admire her.第二节 书面表达 (满分25分)假定你是李华,高中毕业10年后,从报纸上获悉母校将要举行100周年校庆。请给远在美国的同桌Peter写一封电子邮件,相约一起回母校参加活动。要点如下:1. 回忆高中快乐生活。2. 校庆活动介绍。3. 捐设奖学金。参考词汇: 百年校庆 100th anniversary celebration; 奖学金 scholarshipDear Peter,How is everything going recently?________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Yours,Li Hua2018年下学期期中考试英语参考答案第一部分 听力(共两节,每小题1.5分,满分30)12345678910CBBACCBBAC11121314151617181920BBBABBACCC第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,每小题2分,满分40分)21222324252627282930DADDBACBCA31323334353637383940BACABGCAFE第三部分 英语知识运用 (共两节,满分45分)第一节 完形填空 (共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)41424344454647484950CCDACABDAC51525354555657585960BCABADCDAB第二节 语法填空(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)61.called 62.was taught 63.to attend 64.that/which 65. of 66.a 67.talented 68.fields 69.widely 70.disappearing第四部分 写作(共两节,满分35分)第一节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)第一句:impress---impresses第三句:Compare---Compared; many---much/more第四句:way---ways; interested---interesting第五句: 去掉to第六句:instead 后加of; immediate---immediately第七句:what---how;第八句:her---him第二节 书面表达 (满分25分)Dear Peter,How is everything going recently? I’m writing to invite you to go back to our senior high school to celebrate her 100th anniversary. It has been 10 years since we graduated from it. Do you still remember the days we spent studying and playing together? Till now, these memories remain fresh.As I know, the celebration will last for 3 days from Oct 1st to Oct 3rd. Schoolmates will gather to meet their old friends. An evening party will be held to feast people’s eyes. When we meet, I suppose money should be raised to set up a scholarship which is used to provide financial support for the students from rural areas. What do you think about it?I am looking forward to your early coming! Yours, Li Hua

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