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2018-2019高二上学期英语期中试题(有答案山东济南一中)

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时间:2018-11-09

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2018-2019高二上学期英语期中试题(有答案山东济南一中)

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1 2018-2019 学年度第一学期期中考试 高二英语试题 本试卷分第 I 和第 II 两卷,共 8 页,考试时间 120 分钟,满分 150 分。 第 I 卷 (选择题,共 100 分) 第一部分 听力 (共两节,满分 30 分) 第一节(共 5 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 7.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项。听完每段对话后,你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1. What time will the man be arriving? A. At 6:20. B. At 7:00. C. At 7:20. 2. How is the weather now? A. Windy. B. Sunny. C. Rainy. 3. What do we know about Alice’s laptop? A. It’s broken. B. It’s very slow. C. It works very well. 4. Where does the conversation probably take place? A. In an office. B. At a laundry. C. At a clothing store. 5. What are the speakers talking about? A. How to lose weight. B. Where to have dinner. C. What the man is eating. 第二节(共 15 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 22.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题 5 秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料,回答第 6、7 题。 6. How far can the woman run in an hour on the running machine? A. About five kilometers. B. About eight kilometers. C. About ten kilometers. 7. What is the probable relationship between the speakers? A. Club worker and customer. B. Coach and athlete. C. Co-workers. 听第 7 段材料,回答第 8、9 题。 8. How many people will have dinner together in the room? A. 12. B. 14. C. 16. 9. Why did the woman get to the restaurant early? A. To order food first. B. To wait for a table. C. To arrange the room. 听第 8 段材料,回答第 10 至 12 题。 10. Where did Linda have dinner last night? A. In a hotel. B. In a local restaurant. C. In her friend’s house. 2 11. What did Linda do last night for the first time? A. She ate real Chinese food. B. She learned how to use chopsticks. C. She experienced American dining culture. 12. What did Linda think of the tradition of food sharing? A. She thought it was strange. B. She really appreciated it. C. She couldn’t stand it. 听第 9 段材料,回答第 13 至 16 题。 13. Who is the woman probably talking to? A. A friend. B. A stranger. C. A tour guide. 14. What time does Line 6 stop running every night? A. At 10:30. B. At 10:45. C. At 11:45. 15. How will the woman go to the M Hotel? A. By taxi. B. On foot. C. By subway. 16. When is the conversation probably taking place? A. On Saturday. B. On Thursday. C. On Tuesday. 听第 10 段材料,回答第 17 至 20 题。 17. What is the top news story? A. An animal was missing. B. There is a thief at the zoo. C. The school year changes. 18. Who is Lacy? A. A school director. B. A zookeeper. C. A monkey. 19. How does the speaker describe Lacy? A. She is crazy. B. She is dangerous. C. She is probably scared. 20. When did the school year finish before? A. In early June. B. In mid-June. C. In late June. 第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节(共 15 小题,每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A, B, C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项。 A TALENT ON PARADE It is time for the Smithdale Student Activity Club’s yearly talent show. In the past, the club has had performers sing, dance, and play the violin, guitar, or piano. This year the show will be called “Talent on Parade”, and we are looking for performers with great new ideas. In addition, we have planned two important changes for this year’s show. Two Shows Instead Of One First, “Talent on Parade” will be held on two nights. Performers in the Wednesday night show will include students in Grades K-5. Performers in the Friday night show will include students in Grades 6-12. Smithdale High School Hall Wednesday, May 11, 6:30 P.M. Friday, May 13, 7:30 P.M. 3 No Tryouts (预选) The second change is that this year’s performers will be chosen in a new way. No tryouts will be held. The first twenty acts to sign up for each show will be accepted. Others will be put on a waiting list in case someone has an act that is not allowed. You’ll be told by telephone or e-mail if your act is included. If you do not wish to perform but would enjoy helping backstage with lights or sound, print “stagehand” in large letters at the top of the permission slip (同意书). Rules For Acts 1. Each student chosen to perform must turn in a permission slip signed by a parent or guardian(监护人). 2. All performers must be at the school one hour before the show time. 3. Performers must provide their own transportation to and from the school. 4. Each act is limited to three minutes. 5. No act may have more than five people in it. 6. Performers must provide their own music (tapes, CDs, or instruments) and costumes. 7. Singers may sing with or without musical accompaniment, but they may not sing along with a recorded voice on a CD or tape. 21. The twenty-first act to sign up will be allowed to be performed only if ______. A. a performer is unable to attend B. a performance is shortened C. the performance is original D. the performer is approved 22. Each person performing in the talent show is required to turn in a ________. A. telephone number B. musical recording C. costume drawing D. permission slip 23. When should a second grader show up at school on the show night? A. Before 6:30 P.M. B. Before 5:30 P.M. C. After 6:30 P.M. D. After 5:30 P.M. 24. Where is this passage most likely to be found? A. In a city evening paper. B. On an entertainment website C. On a school news board. D. On the wall of a music store. B Once upon a time, a daughter complained to her father that her life was unhappy and that she was tired of struggling all the time. Her father, a chef, took her to the kitchen. He filled three pots with water and placed each on a high fire. Once the three pots began to boil, he placed potatoes, eggs and coffee beans in them. After 20 minutes, he took them out, putting the potatoes and eggs in a bowl and the coffee in a cup. Turning to his daughter, he said, “Look closer, and touch the potatoes.” She did and noted that they were soft. He then asked her to take an egg and break it. After pulling off the shell, she observed the hard-boiled egg. Finally, he asked her to taste the coffee. Its good smell brought a smile to her face. “Father, what does this mean?” she asked. He then explained that the potatoes, the eggs and the coffee beans were in the same adversity(逆境)——the boiling water. However, each one reacted differently. The strong and hard potato became soft and weak in boiling water. The egg was fragile, with the thin outer shell protecting its liquid until it was put in the boiling water. Then the inside of the egg became hard. However, the coffee beans were unique. After they were exposed to the boiling 4 water, they changed the water and created something new. “Which one do you want to be like,” he asked. “When adversity knocks on your door, how will you respond?” In life, challenges happen to us all, but the only thing that truly matters is what happens within us. 25. Why did the girl complain to her father? A. Because of her hard life. B. Because of her tiring job. C. Because of her father’s busy work. D. Because of the food her father cooked. 26. What can we infer from this story? A. The girl liked the coffee best. B. The father was good at cooking. C. The girl didn’t like the potatoes and eggs. D. Different people have different reactions to adversity. 27. What does the underlined word “fragile” mean in the 4th paragraph? A. thick B. easily-broken C. strong D. hard 28. What would be the best title for the passage? A. Father and daughter. B. Adversities and a chef. C. A chef and coffee beans. D. Challenges and responses. C The human brain remembers negative experiences more easily than positive ones. Our brains have developed in this way because threats, like dangerous animals, have a more immediate effect on people’s survival compared to positive things like food or shelter. As a result, you clearly know what makes you unhappy, but do you know what makes you happy? Research suggests that our level of happiness is partly shaped by the choices we make. If you’ve been chasing wealth, fame, power and some material things, you may be looking for happiness in the wrong places. Psychologists suggest that the following habits can make people happier. People who own close relationships tend to be happier than those who do not. The number of our friends is not important. What matters is the quality of our relationships. Relationships that bring happiness usually consist of the sharing of feelings, acceptance, mutual (双方的) respect and trust. People who exercise regularly can improve both their physical and mental well-being. Some research has shown that exercise can be as effective as some medicine in treating depression. If we are so interested in an activity, we may lose track of time, and we can be in a state of flow. The activity could be playing the piano, surfing the Internet or playing a game… People who experience flow in their work or life tend to be happier. People are more likely to be happy if they know what their strengths are and can use them regularly. People are especially happy when they can set goals and use their strengths to achieve them. People, who think positively by being grateful, mindful and optimistic, are more likely to be happy. Being grateful means being thankful. Being mindful means considering, focusing on, and 5 enjoying the experiences of the present moment. Being optimistic means being hopeful about the future. 29. Human brains remember negative things more easily because negative things _______. A. tend to affect human survival immediately B. are much more important than other things C. can make people live much happier D. are easy to remember 30. According to this passage, people may find happiness in ________. A. being famous B. chasing power C. setting life goals D. earning money 31. In the last paragraph, the author tries to tell us to _________. A. think more about our future B. be positive in our life and work C. focus on everything in our life D. only enjoy the present moment 32. What does the passage mainly want to tell us? A. Why people remember positive things easily. B. Why people remember negative things easily. C. What makes people happy. D. What makes people sad. D American English began in the 17th century. At the beginning of the 17th century, the English language was brought to North America by colonists (殖民者) from England. They used the language spoken in England, that is, Elizabethan English, the language used by Shakespeare. In order to exploit (开发) new resources in America, British colonists settled down there and from 1607 to 1732 set up thirteen colonies. In these thirteen areas, English was a common language used by all people. They continued to speak as they had done in England. As time went by, the English language gradually changed on both sides of the Atlantic Ocean. Foreigners longing for wealth set foot on the coastal area to trade. The Americans adopted many words from foreign languages and invented lots of new words to meet their commercial (贸易的) needs. Following American Independence, famous people like Thomas Jefferson, the president, began to consider that the country should have a language of its own. Noah Webster compiled (编纂) three elementary books on English. Later, he expressed the idea that as an independent nation, America should have a system of its own in language as well as in government. After the second half of the 19th century, many great writers such as Mark Twain helped the development of American English. English in America has developed a character of its own, showing the life and the physical and social environment of the American people. Since the rise of the United States to a position of world importance, American English has been developing and changing. There is no doubt that American English will enrich the English language greatly. With the rapid development of modern mass media and the common needs of economic, cultural and political exchanges, American English will be more widely used in the world than British English. 33. What can we infer from paragraph 3? A. People from the seaside were more willing to learn English. B. The English language changed as a result of inner culture shock. C. New words occurred in American English as a result of local invention. D. International business contributed to the development of American English. 6 34. What do we know about American English according to the passage? A. It came into being at the end of the 17th century. B. It hardly makes contributions to the development of English. C. Its development has a close relationship with American people’s life. D. It has been more widely used than British English from the beginning. 35. What’s the best title for the passage? A. The Difference between American English and British English. B. The development of American English. C. The Birth of American English. D. Language and Business. 第二节 (共 5 小题,每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。 Characteristics of an excellent scientist The Free Dictionary defines (定义) a scientist as a person having professional knowledge on one or more sciences, especially natural science or physical science. 36 . Let’s look at some characteristics of an excellent scientist. Curiosity. 37 . Scientists such as Thomas Edison and George Westinghouse discovered things mainly because they wanted to know how things work. If a scientist doesn’t have the drive to ask questions or even wonder, then he/she never gets to the first stage of the scientific process. Patience. 38 . There are very few jobs that take longer than this one. Even if you think you have received some education on science, you still have a lot of scientific research to do. If you’re an instant-gratification (及时满足的) type of person, this may not be the best choice for you. Ethical (道德的) qualities. In order to truly discover and use knowledge for the greater good, a scientist must have a desire to improve people’s life as well as the environment and living things, since they are all linked and they can affect one another in the long run. A scientist must report findings honestly regardless of personal or outside commercial (商业的) interests. Sticking to an old belief contradicted (反驳) by evidence is dishonest. 39 . Working habits. An excellent scientist even takes notes of the smallest observation, keeping it in mind and recording it. 40 . He/She also needs to communicate thoughts on paper and verbally. Networking skills connect him/her with colleagues working on similar projects where he/she may discover something new. A. Becoming a scientist takes a long time. B. An excellent scientist must be very curious about things. C. It also defines a scientist as someone who uses scientific methods. D. However, that belief shouldn’t be changed without powerful evidence. E. He/She can work well alone or in groups, depending on what’s needed. F. To make discoveries in human knowledge, you have to think differently. G. One of the main places that many scientists work in is the research laboratory. 第三部分 英语知识运用 (共两节,满分 45 分) 7 第一节 完形填空 (共 20 小题,每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A,B,C 和 D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 A young man was walking by the lakeside when he suddenly saw a piece of gold glittering in the lake. He was so happy that he jumped into the 41 to look for it. But he couldn’t 42 it however hard he tried. Being wet, dirty and tired, he had to go ashore (上岸) for a 43 . Unexpectedly, after the water became 44 , the gold appeared again. He jumped into it again, 45 once again the gold disappeared. So he had to go ashore again to sit beside the 46 . He thought, “Where is the gold coin in the water on earth? I have seen it 47 , but how come it is that all the attempts were made without any success?” Driven by the 48 to get the gold, he searched the water again and again, but 49 , which made him really unwilling to 50 . At that moment, his father came to 51 him. Seeing his son wet and dirty, he asked, “What 52 ? Why do you look so 53 ? ” His son answered, “I see a piece of gold coin in the water clearly, but I can’t get it 54 !” His father looked into the water and it seemed that a gold coin was on the peaceful water. Then he looked up at the tree nearby and said to his son, “You are 55 . Look! It’s not a gold coin but the reflection of the metal 56 on the tree.” Ordinary people are always busy 57 illusory (虚幻的) things and all these just result from hoping for 58 , which weakens our ability to 59 right from wrong. So we should choose the right 60 of life and learn to understand and thank everything, which will help us live a happy life. 41. A. water B. forest C. bank D. air 42. A. search B. pick C. receive D. get 43. A. change B. start C. rest D. sleep 44. A. dirty B. calm C. warm D. shallow 45. A. so B. as C. but D. or 46. A. lake B. pool C. river D. sea 47. A. cautiously B. obviously C. possibly D. believably 48. A. desire B. request C. interest D. value 49. A. at peace B. with purpose C. in progress D. in vain 50. A. watch B. understand C. accept D. receive 51. A. look into B. argue with C. deal with D. look for 52. A. changed B. happened C. mattered D. lost 53. A. frightened B. excited C. embarrassed D. delighted 54. A. anyway B. meanwhile C. instead D. otherwise 55. A. cute B. careful C. wonderful D. wrong 56. A. lying B. hanging C. growing D. standing 57. A. running into B. looking after C. running after D. looking into 58. A. more B. little C. less D. few 59. A. bring B. benefit C. stop D. tell 60. A. sense B. direction C. role D. responsibility 第 II 卷 (非选择题 共 50 分) (请将第 II 卷答案用黑色签字笔或钢笔填写到答题卡对应区域,写在本试卷上无效。) 8 第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第二节(共 10 小题,每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容或括号内单词的正确形式。 My first assignment was an assistant to a famous fashion photographer, 61 was going to take photos of a model by the name of Wang Li. I felt 62 (delight) as I was to assist him. We had not gone far when our editor 63 (call). “Be sure to finish your task before the deadline.” My colleague laughed. “He wants us 64 (concentrate) on the time because I’ve missed deadlines before,” he said to me. When we arrived, we found Wang Li was 65 (extreme) charming. She explained that she expected all the photographs to be submitted 66 her before they 67 (publish). My colleague assessed the situation and announced that as this was unusual he would have to refer 68 matter to his editor. Meanwhile he would get ready. At first Wang Li was skeptical, 69 when our editor rang to inform her that she would have her 70 (photograph) before they were published, she was satisfied. 第四部分 写作 (共两节 满分 35 分) 第一节 短文改错(共 10 小题,每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有 10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(﹨)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 My grandfather and I enjoy fishing. One Sunday morning we go fishing at a lake. We took ours fishing poles and headed for the lake. As soon as we arrived, so we dropped the lines into the water. Before waiting for about half an hour, I was beginning to get impatiently. I wanted to give up, and my grandfather told me to wait a little longer. Finally, there were a sudden pull at the pole and fish was caught. Within the next few minute, my grandfather also caught a fish. Felt hungry, we built a fire by the lake and barbecued the fish. It was delicious. 第二节 书面表达(满分 25 分) 你校在刚刚结束的“文明礼仪进校园”活动中涌现出很多文明现象,如:不在公众场合喧哗;不乱扔垃圾;不浪费水、电、粮食;同学们之间互助友爱;课堂上精力充沛…… 请你根据以上提示内容,用英语写一篇 100 词左右的短文,发表在你校英语报的 Civilized Manners in Our School 栏目里。 注: Civilized Manners in Our School 文明礼仪进校园

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