江苏扬州中学2018-2019高二英语10月月考试卷(带答案)

时间:2018-10-11 作者:佚名 试题来源:网络

江苏扬州中学2018-2019高二英语10月月考试卷(带答案)

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高二年级英语10月月考
第I卷(选择题,共85分)
第一部分 听力 (共两节,满分20分)
第一节  听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话读一遍。
1. Whose book does Suzie have?
  A. Hannah’s. B. Her mother’s. C. Deborah’s.
2. How will the woman go to the town center? 
  A. By train. B. By bus. C. By taxi.
3. How many shirts will the man buy?
  A. Three. B. Five. C. Six.
4. Who is Jack probably talking with?
  A. His mother. B. His teacher. C. His dentist.
5. What will the boy probably do this weekend?
A. Have a picnic.
B. Learn about science.
C. Study math by himself.
第二节 听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项 中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。
听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。
6. How many people will there be in the party?
  A. Twelve. B. Fourteen. C. Twenty.
7. Where will the party be held?
  A. In a park.  B. At the office. C. At a co-worker’s house.
听第7段材料,回答第8、9题。
8. What did the man give the woman?
  A. A bill. B. A key card. C. Some money.
9. What did the man enjoy about his trip?
  A. The room service.  B. The helpful people. C. The pleasant weather.
听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。
10. Why does Michael feel sorry?
 A. He is having a lot of problems.
 B. He forgot his grandmother’s birthday.
 C. He hasn’t called his grandmother for a long time.
11. What are the speakers mainly talking about?
 A. Michael’s birthday.
 B. Michael’s grandfather.
 C. Michael’s busy schedule.
12. How does Michael probably feel about going to college?
   A. Worried. B. Confident. C. Disappointed.
听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。
13. Where does the conversation take place?
 A. At a bank. B. At a drugstore. C. At a post office.
14. Where is the man’s mother?
   A. In Atlanta. B. In St. Louis. C. In Memphis.
15. Why is there extra cost for the man to pay?
 A. He is paying for overnight service.
 B. He is paying with a credit card.
 C. He has a fragile item.
16. What is the man giving to his mother?
   A. A box of cookies. B. Some cash. C. A cup. 
听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。
17. What is the important weather news?
 A. There will be rain all night.
 B. There will be a storm this morning.
 C. There will be sunny skies tomorrow.
18. When will the storm pass?
   A. On Tuesday. B. On Saturday. C. On Sunday.
19. Where is the tornado starting?
   A. In Tulsa. B. In Springfield. C. In Oklahoma City.
20. What supplies does the speaker suggest people prepare in the end?
   A. Umbrellas. B. Rain boots. C. Water and food.

第二部分英语知识运用
第一节:单项选择(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)
 21. Although we produce carbon when we breathe, the carbon we produce is much less than             
   ________produced by a car.
   A. that            B. it              C. one          D. the one
 22. Efforts will be made to ________ new teaching models to exploit the students' potential.
   A. accelerate          B. innovate           C. differentiate     D. compile
 23. --What do you think of the new boss?
   --He cares more about the needs of the employees,    his personal gain or loss.
   A. in favor of     B. in search of      C. regardless of  D. in charge of
 24.On the stage    a number of famous singers,    songs welcomed by the majority of young people
   A. is; their      B. are; whose   C. is; whose    D. are; their
 25.The new stadium under construction for the next Asian Games    the present one is due to
be completed in two months.
   A. measured three times as big as   B. measuring three times as big as
   C. measured as big as three times      D. measuring as three times big as
 26.    in music, according to the analysis of some traffic cases, is the main cause of many traffic accidents.
   A. Drivers’ being absorbed     B. Drivers’ absorbed
   C. Drivers’ absorbing      D. Drivers being absorbing
 27. I noticed that he was wearing shoes that did not match. He       too hard to notice. 
   A. might be working            B. can have worked
   C. must have been working       D. should have been worked
 28. When you look at  will have become a large tree, you will find a sense of satisfaction        
    that you did your part to help solve the problem of climate change.
   A. something; known  B. which; to know   C. those; know D. what; knowing
 29. —Do you know ______ they got to know each other?
 —It was last year ______ they both taught Chinese in the USA.
   A. when it was that; that     B. when it was that; when
   C. when was it that; when     D. when was it that; that
30.Difficult as part of the passage was _______, I managed to catch hold of its meaning in the end.
A. understanding  B. to be understood     C. to understand    D. being understood
 31. US singer Bob Dylan was awarded the 2016 Nobel Prize in Literature, becoming the first 
    songwriter ________ the honor.
   A. winning           B. having won      C. to win           D. to be won
 32.The extraordinary advances technology has made over time have raised hopes that devices
    _______ within, the body can become even more capable.
   A. being inserted       B. are inserted       C. to inserted      D. inserted
 33. The type and quantity of illegal drugs a person is carrying when ________ by the police
  determine the punishment, ________ from a small fine to life imprisonment.
   A. caught; ranging                   B. caught; ranged
   C. catching; ranging                  D. catching; ranged
 34. Only since the Industrial Revolution ________ in places away from their homes or been
   left to raise small children without the help of multiple adults.
   A. most people have worked          B. have most people worked
   C. most people had worked           D. had most people worked
 35.—Won't Terry be upset?
   —________? He never thinks about anyone but himself.
    A. Guess what       B. Now what        C. Who cares        D. Who knows
第二节: 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1分,满分20分)
Until a few years ago, I was a calm person. If you were going to __36__ me I almost never lost it __37__; of course I felt hurt, but I didn't show it.
Then, one day, I met my husband and I fell __38__ in love with him, a proud Italian who loudly discusses things __39__ with himself when he's not happy. Things got worse for me when we started __40__ on things. He seemed really angry and loud, while I seemed detached and polite. Truth is that I was __41__ too. Fight after fight, he always acted as if nothing had happened a few minutes after each quarrel, while my moments of __42__ discontent started to __43__ more and more in time until they became hours, sometimes even days.
I felt this had to change and the conversation went __44__ like this:
Me: “Either you change your __45__ when we fight or I will start avoiding any discussion, and this will __46__ our relationship.”
Him: “Did you __47__ the Mpemba Effect? If you put two __48__ containers filled with the same amount of water into the fridge except that one has boiling water in it while the other one has water at ambient(周围的)__49__, the boiling water will __50__ faster than the ambient water. Baby, you got to boil first, to cool down faster. That's why the Italians live __51__ than Canadians.”
The connection he suggested is to be __52__. but I have learned a fact I didn't know, one that has __53__ me to understand that if I'm angry about something or someone, for that anger to disappear, it has to be towards the __54__ or otherwise it is like hiding the dust under the __55__: your house might look clean, but it is not.
(  )36. A. cheat  B. offend  C. impress  D. defend
(  )37. A. in return  B. in place  C. in public  D. in time
(  )38. A. hopelessly  B. steadily  C. hurriedly  D. blindly
(  )39. A. always  B. ever  C. even  D. seldom
(  )40. A. working  B. disagreeing  C. operating  D. trying
(  )41. A. boiling  B. struggling  C. controlling  D. preparing
(  )42. A. possible  B. abrupt  C. extra  D. inner
(  )43. A. spread  B. withdraw  C. recover  D. expand
(  )44. A. more or less  B. sooner or later  C. by and by  D. up and down
(  )45. A. vision  B. viewpoint  C. attitude  D. attention
(  )46. A. compensate  B. sacrifice  C. mend  D. clarify
(  )47. A. hear about  B. worry about  C. learn from  D. hear from
(  )48. A. mobile  B. relevant  C. solid  D. similar
(  )49. A. level  B. temperature  C. heat  D. environment
(  )50. A. burst  B. deposit  C. explode  D. freeze
(  )51. A. longer  B. shorter  C. wealthier  D. simpler
(  )52. A. practiced  B. proven  C. inspected  D. created
(  )53. A. informed  B. reminded  C. inspired  D. required
(  )54. A. outside  B. inside  C. public  D. personal
(  )55. A. dustpan  B. broom  C. roof  D. carpet
第三部分: 阅读理解 (共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

A
 
“In the past going to the dentist wasn't always easy; but today it IS! New dental technologies like air abrasion(研磨) mean up to 80% of patients don't even need a shot! Other state­of­the­art advancements make your treatment completely comfortable. Call me if you want gentle, affordable dental care.”
—Dr John B. Gentle
Total Family Care
 Children very welcome
 Comfortable ultrasonic cleanings
 Sealants to prevent holes
 Fluoride treatments
 Lifelike false teeth and partials
Tomorrow's Dentistry Today
 Air abrasion means dentistry without drills or needles!
 In­mouth camera examination provides unmatched diagnostic and treatment accuracy
 Computer imaging shows the results before work is done
Cosmetics(美容) for Your Best Smile
 Teeth whitening—fast results, very affordable
 Mercury(汞)­free, white fillings—matches your natural teeth 
 Porcelain crowns for stained or bad­looking teeth
 Natural looking, durable
Conveniences
 24 hour emergency treatment
 Cable TV in every room
 Free second opinion
 Prepayment discounts
 Interest free financing Insurance accepted
 Credit cards and online pay accepted
Call now for your free
in­mouth camera
examination:
 
56. Who might be most interested in this advertisement?
   A. Those who want to receive tooth treatment.
   B. Those who want to become dentists.
   C. Those who want to sell tooth medical equipment.
   D. Those who want to write an article on tooth care.
57. According to the advertisement, those who may go to the dentist's are probably
attracted  by ________.
   A. free emergency treatment     B. cheapest natural­looking cosmetics
   C. new dental technologies      D. discounted in­mouth camera examination


B
Why College Is Not Home
 The college years are supposed to be a time for important growth in autonomy(自主性) and the development of adult identity. However, now they are becoming an extended period of adolescence, during which many of today’s students are not shouldered with adult responsibilities.
 For previous generations, college was a decisive break from parental control; guidance and support needed help from people of the same age and from within. In the past two decades, however, continued connection with and dependence on family, thanks to cell phones, email and social media, have increased significantly. Some parents go so far as to help with coursework. Instead of promoting the idea of college as a passage from the shelter of the family to autonomy and adult responsibility, universities have given in to the idea that they should provide the same environment as that of the home.
To prepare for increased autonomy and responsibility, college needs to be a time of exploration and experimentation. This process involves “trying on” new ways of thinking about oneself both intellectually(在思维方面)and personally. While we should provide “safe spaces” within colleges, we must also make it safe to express opinions and challenge majority views. Intellectual growth and flexibility are fostered on debate and questioning.
Learning to deal with the social world is equally important. Because a college community (群体) differs from the family, many students will struggle to find a sense of belonging. If students rely on administrators to regulate their social behavior and thinking pattern, they are not facing the challenge of finding an identity within a larger and complex community.
Moreover, the tendency for universities to monitor and shape student behavior runs up against another characteristic of young adults: the response to being controlled by their elders. If acceptable social behavior is too strictly defined (规定) and controlled, the insensitive or aggressive behavior that administrators are seeking to minimize may actually be encouraged.
It is not surprising that young people are likely to burst out, particularly when there are reasons to do so. Our generation once joined hands and stood firm at times of national emergency. What is lacking today is the conflict between adolescent’s desire for autonomy and their understanding of an unsafe world. Therefore, there is the desire for their dorms to be replacement homes and not places to experience intellectual growth.
Every college discussion about community values, social climate and behavior should include recognition of the developmental importance of student autonomy and self-regulation, of the necessary tension between safety and self-discovery.
58. What’s the author’s attitude toward continued parental guidance to college students?
  A. Sympathetic                B. Disapproving
  C. Supportive                 D. Neutral
59. The underlined word “passage” in Paragraph 2 means________.
  A. change       B. choice     C. text       D. extension
60. According to the author, what role should college play?
  A. To develop a shared identity among students.
  B. To define and regulate students’ social behavior
  C. To provide a safe world without tension for students.
  D. To foster students’ intellectual and personal development.
61. Which of the following shows the development of ideas in the passage.

 

 

 

 


C
If a diver surfaces(浮出水面) too quickly, he may suffer the bends(减压病). Nitrogen (氮) dissolved (溶解) in his blood is suddenly  liberated(释放)by the reduction of pressure. The consequence, if the bubbles (气泡) accumulate in a joint, is sharp pain and a bent body—thus the name. If the bubbles form in his lungs or his brain, the consequence can be death.
Other air-breathing animals also suffer this decompression (减压) sickness if they surface too fast: whales, for example. And so, long ago, did ichthyosaurs(鱼龙). That these ancient sea animals got the bends can be seen from their bones. If bubbles of nitrogen form inside the bone they can cut off its blood supply. This kills the cells in the bone, and consequently weakens it, sometimes to the point of collapse. Fossil (化石) bones that have caved in on themselves are thus a sign that the animal once had the ben ds.
Bruce Rothschild of the University of Kansas knew all this when he began a study of ichthyosaur bones to find out how widespread the problem was in the past. What he particularly wanted to investigate was how ichthyosaurs adapted to the problem of decompression over the 150 million years. To this end, he and his colleagues traveled the world’s natural-history museums, looking at hundreds of ichthyosaurs from the Triassic(三叠纪) period and from the later Jurassic(侏罗纪) and Cretaceous(白垩纪) periods.
When he started, he assumed that signs of the bends would be rarer in younger fossils, reflecting their gradual evolution(进化)of measures to deal with decompression. Instead, he was astonished to discover the opposite. More than 15% of Jurassic and Cretaceous ichthyosaurs had suffered the bends before they died, but not a single Triassic specimen (标本) showed evidence of that sort of injury.
If ichthyosaurs did evolve an anti-decompression means, they clearly did so quickly—and, most strangely, they lost it afterwards. But that is not what Dr Rothschild thinks happened. He suspects it was evolution in other animals that caused the change.
Whales that suffer the bends often do so because they have surfaced to escape a predator (捕食动物) such as a large shark. One of the features of Jurassic oceans was an abundance of large sharks and crocodiles, both of which were fond of ichthyosaur lunches. Triassic oceans, by contrast, were mercifully shark- and crocodile-free. In the Triassic, then, ichthyosaurs were top of the food chain. In the Jurassic and Cretaceous, they were prey (猎物) as well as predator—and often had to make a speedy exit as a result.
   62. Which of the following is a typical symptom of the bends?
  A. A twisted body.                       B. A gradual decrease in blood supply.
  C. A sudden release of nitrogen in blood.     D. A drop in blood pressure.
  63. The purpose of Rothschild’s study is to see ______.
  A. how often ichthyosaurs caught the bends
  B. how ichthyosaurs adapted to decompression
  C. why ichthyosaurs bent their bodies
  D. when ichthyosaurs broke their bones
  64. Rothschild’s finding stated in Paragraph 4 ______.
  A. confirmed his assumption           B. speeded up his research process
  C. disagreed with his assumption       D. changed his research objectives
65. Rothschild might have concluded that ichthyosaurs ______.
   A. failed to evolve an anti-decompression means
   B. gradually developed measures against the bends
   C. died out because of large sharks and crocodiles
   D. evolved an anti-decompression means but soon lost it


D
Gus Wenner runs Rollingstone.com; his father gave him the job. But Jann Wenner, the magazine's co­founder and publisher, was quick to assure critics of the appointment process that his son is terribly talented and had to prove himself before being given the post. Apparently Gus worked his way up from more junior positions with the company, and demonstrated, according to his father, the “drive and discipline and charm, and all the things that show leadership.” Gus Wenner is 22 years old.
He is certainly not the only kid out of college, or even out of high school, working at daddy's firm. Family contacts are a common way of finding both temporary internships and longtime careers. Opportunities for the children of top 1 percent are not the same as they are for the 99 percent.
This is hardly a shock, but it is precisely the type of inequality that reveals the hard­to­define promise of the “Just Do It” version of the American dream and deepens our cynicism(愤世嫉俗) about how people get ahead. As a consequence, it weakens support for public policies that could address the lack of upward mobility among children born at the bottom, who ought to be given priority. A strong tie between adult outcomes and family background annoys Americans. When an organization conducted a nationally representative survey asking about the meaning of “the American dream”, some typical answers included: “Being free to say or do what you want” and “Being free to accomplish almost anything you want with hard work.”but also “Being able to succeed regardless of the economic circumctances in which you were born.”
This is exactly the reason that “the American dream” is not only a defining metaphor for the country, but also why Americans have long been willing to tolerate a good deal more economic inequality than citizens of many other rich countries. A belief in the possibility of upward mobility not only morally justifies inequality as the expression of talents and energies, but also extends a promise to those with lower incomes. After all, why would you be a strong advocate for reducing inequality if you believe that you, or eventually your children, were likely to climb the income ladder?
Hard work and perseverance(毅力) will always be ingredients for success, but higher inequality has made having successful parents, if not essential, certainly a central part of the recipe.
The belief that talent is something you are born with, and that opportunities are open to anyone with ambition and energy, also has a dangerous consequence. When the public policy is focused on the difficult situation of the poor, this belief can help the concept resurface that the poor are “undeserving” and are the authors of their own situation. Yet we actually know a good deal about why children of the poor have a higher chance of being stuck on poverty as adults.
The recipes for breaking this intergenerational trap are clear: a nurturing(培养) environment in the early years combined with accessible and high­quality health care and education promote the capacities of young children, heighten the development of their skills as they grow older, and eventually raise their chances of upward mobility.
Talent is nurtured and developed, and even genes are expressed differently depending upon environmental influences.
The 1 percent are the goal for these upper­middle­class families, who after all have also experienced significant growth in their relative standing. The graduate and other higher degrees that they hold, for which they put in considerable effort, have put them on the upside of the wave of globalization and technical change that has transformed the American job market.
An age of higher inequality gives them both more resources to promote the capacities of their children, and more encouragement to make these investments since their children now have all the more to gain.
For them, an American dream based on effort and talent still lives, and as a result they are less likely, with their considerable cultural and political influence, to support the reshaping of American public policy to meet its most pressing need: the future of those at the bottom.
66. What do we know about Gus Wenner?
  A. He will prove himself competent in the future.
  B. He has some work experience in the company.
  C. He is the co­founder and publisher of the magazine.
  D. He is too young to be in charge of the company.
67. The phenomenon illustrated by the appointment of Gus Wenner ________.
  A. stops people from dreaming the American dream
  B. encourages the government to carry out public policies
  C. reduces the level of people's tolerance of economic inequality
  D. narrows the possibilities of people at the bottom moving upward
67. By saying “Being able to succeed regardless of the economic circumstances in which
you were born,” the respondents of the survey ________.
  A. showed their upset about the inequality 
  B. expressed their gratitude for the fairness
  C. indicated their determination to succeed 
  D. gave their satisfaction with the circumstances
 69. We can infer from the passage that the public policy for the poor faces opposition
from ________.
  A. the lower class              B. all classes of society
  C. the top one percent           D. the upper middle class
70. What is the best title for the passage?
  A. How old are you?            B. What is your talent?
  C. Who is your daddy?          D. Where is your future?

 

第II卷(非选择题,共35分)
第四部分  根据中文提示或首字母完成句子,每空一词,并注意单词的正确形式。 (共10小题;每小题0.5分,满分5分)
71. It was a good concert --- I enjoyed the last song in _______________. (尤其)
72. Some people think that cloning human beings is totally immoral. If we toy with nature, we will have to deal with the ___________.(后果)
73. There is no doubt that the smart phone has greatly t____________ our lives and society.
74. Friendships between girls are usually a ____________  in shared feelings and support, but friendships between boys are based on shared activities or interests.
75. I'll __________(确认) your reservation as soon as possible, Mr. White.
76. Two projects were set up and one of them was aimed at water and soil c__________.
77. We believe that the efforts of the Chinese government and the Chinese people to protect this much-loved river will be a___________ for years to come by our future generations.
78. The company lost its biggest customer and that was a c_____________ for its future.
79. Some children get a __________(内疚)conscience about not learning enough lessons.
80. It's impossible to predict the weather _____________. (精确地) 
第五部分 任务型阅读(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
请认真阅读下列短文,并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单词。
注意:请将答案写在答题卡上相应题号的横线上。每个空格只填1个单词。
Lindsay Renwick, the mayor of Deniliquin, a country town in New South Wales, misses the constant whir of the rice mill whose giant fans dried the rice. The Deniliquin mill, the largest rice mill in the Southern Hemisphere, once processed enough grain to meet the needs of 20 million people globally. But six years of drought have had a destructive effect, reducing Australia’s rice crop by 98 percent and leading to the mothballing of the mill last December.
Drought affects every agriculture industry based in Australia, not just rice – from sheep farming, the country’s other backbone, to the cultivation of grapes for wine, the fastest-growing crop there, with that expansion often coming at the expense of rice. The drought’s effect on rice has produced the greatest impact on the rest of the world, so far. It is one factor contributing to skyrocketing prices, and many scientists believe it is among the earliest signs that a warming planet is starting to affect food production.
Researchers are looking for solutions to global rice shortages – for example, rice that blooms earlier in the day, when it is cooler, to fight against global warming. Rice plants that happen to bloom on hot days are less likely to produce grains of rice, a difficulty that is already starting to emerge in inland areas of China and other Asian countries as temperatures begin to climb. “There will be problems very soon unless we have new varieties of rice in place,” said Reiner Wassmann, climate change director at the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI). The recent reports on climate change carried a warning that could make the news even worse: that existing models for the effects of climate change on agriculture did not yet include newer findings that global warming could reduce rainfall and make it more variable.
Meanwhile, changes like the use of water to grow wine grapes instead of rice carry their own costs, as the developing world is discovering. "Rice is an essential food," sail Graeme Haley, the general manager of the town of Deniliquin. "Wine is not."
Yet the effects of climate change are not uniformly bad for rice. Rising concentrations (浓度) of carbon dioxide, the main greenhouse gas, can actually help rice – although the effect reduces or disappears if the plants face unnecessary heat, inadequate water, severe pollution or other stresses. Still, the flexibility of farmers here has persuaded some climate experts that, particularly in developed countries, the effects of climate change may be relieved, if not completely avoided. “I’m not as negative as most people,” said Will Steffen, director of the Fenner School of Environment and Society at Australian National University. “Farmers are learning how to do things differently.”
Phenomenon Six years of drought has reduced Australia’s rice crop by 98%, leaving the largest rice mill ___81___.
___82___of climate change on agriculture  ◎Every Australian agriculture industry is affected, sheep farming ___83___.
◎The cultivation of grapes for wine may stop ___84___  owing to a shortage of rice.
◎Rice prices are rising ___85___ .
◎Food production will be reduced for a recent report reveals that global warming may reduce rainfall and cause it to ___86___  more often.
___87___to global rice shortages ◎___88___ old types with a new variety of rice that blooms earlier when it is cooler.
◎Use water instead of rice to grow wine.
Some good news ◎Rice can actually ___89___ by the rising concentration of carbon dioxide and the main greenhouse gas.
◎Though the effects of climate change are ___90__, farmers are flexible and can do things differently .
第六部分:书面表达(满分 20分)
请认真阅读下面有关“有声读物”(audio books)的图表及相关文字,并按照要求用英语写一篇 150 词左右的文章。
An audio book is a recording of a text being read. Audio books are considered a valuable tool. Digital innovation isn’t just changing the way audio books are created, packaged and sold. It’s starting to reshape the way readers consume literature.
Like many young people, Tony Chou, a 25-year-old software engineer in Shanghai, never used to read much. He barely cracked a book in college and would read one or two a year on vacation, at most. But in the past year, he’s finished 10 books. He listens to audio in pieces throughout the day on his iPhone during his morning workout, on his 20-minute-trip to work, and while he’s cooking dinner or cleaning up. Before he falls asleep, he switches to an e-book of the same story on his Kindle, and starts reading right where the narrator left off.
 
【写作内容】
1.用约 30 个单词概述上述信息的主要内容;
2.分析有声读物受欢迎的原因(不少于两点);
3.联系实际,谈谈你愿意读传统读物还是有声读物,并简述理由。
【写作要求】
1.写作过程中不能直接引用原文语句;
2.作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称;
3,不必写标题。
【评分标准】 内容完整,语言规范,语篇连贯,词数适当。
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高二十月月考答案 2018.9.23
一,听力1—5 CABAB 6—10 BABBC 11—15 CACBA 16—20 CACBC
二,单选21-25ABCDB       26-30ACDBC     31-35CDABC
三,完型
【文章大意】 “我”经常因为一些琐事和丈夫发生争执。结果有一次丈夫提到的姆潘巴现象给“我”一个很重要的启迪:有火气就要发泄出来。
36. B 解析:根据上下文语境可知,这里指“我”很冷静,即使你冒犯(offend)“我”,“我”也不会当众发脾气。故选B。
37. C 解析:同上题,即“我”不会当众(in public)发脾气的。故选C。
38. A 解析:“我”碰到我现在的丈夫,然后完全爱上了他。hopelessly在这里意为“无可救药地;完完全全地”,符合句意。steadily(稳定地);hurriedly(匆忙地);blindly(盲目地)。故选A。
39. C 解析:句意:当他不高兴的时候,甚至会一个人在那里自言自语。选择even表示强调,加强语气。故选C。
40. B 解析:根据前半句的things got worse可知,这里指当我们两个人意见不合(disagreeing)时,情况变得更加糟糕。故选B。
41. A 解析:句意:他非常生气、很大声,而“我”看起来很冷静、有礼貌。事实情况是,“我”也是怒火中烧。boil在这里意为“非常气愤;怒火中烧”,符合语境,故选A。struggle(斗争;挣扎);control(操作);prepare(准备)。
42. D 解析:句意:经过日积月累,我内心的(inner)的不满越来越多,开始膨胀(expand)。故选D。possible(可能的);abrupt(突然的;意外的);extra(额外的)。
43. D 解析:同上题。即“我”内心的不满日积月累,越来越多,开始膨胀(expand)。故选D。
44. A 解析:句意:我们之间的对话差不多像这样……more or less(差不多);sooner or later(迟早);by and by(不久;马上);up and down(上上下下)。故选A。
45. C 解析:句意:我们吵架的时候,要么你就改变态度(attitude),要么我就不和你进行任何讨论。故选C。vision(视力;美景);viewpoint(观点);attention(注意力)。
46. B 解析:句意:如果我停止和你讨论,那将牺牲(sacrifice)我们之间的关系。故选B。compensate(补偿);mend(修理);clarify(澄清)。
47. A 解析:句意:你听说过姆潘巴现象吗?hear about(听说……);worry about(担心……);learn from(跟……学习);hear from(收到……的来信)。故选A。
48. D 解析:句意:如果你将两个相似的(similar)容器里装上相同数量的水的时候。故选D。mobile(移动的);relevant(相关的);solid(固体的)。
49. B 解析:句意:一个容器里装的是沸腾的水,另外一个里面装的是和周围环境同样温度(temperature)的水。故选B。
50. D 解析:句意:放进冰箱里的沸腾的水比常温的水结冰(freeze)更快。故选D。burst(爆炸);deposit(存放);explode(爆发)。
51. A 解析:根据上面介绍的姆潘巴现象可知,温度较高的水更容易冷却结冰,而意大利的温度要比加拿大的高,所以“我”丈夫的意思是,意大利人发火快,冷静也快,所以意大利人比加拿大人的寿命长(longer)。故选A。
52. B 解析:句意:他说的这种二者间的联系有待于证明(proven)。故选B。
53. C 解析:这里指他的话给了“我”启发,让“我”理解,如果“我”生气了,就要将它表现出来,而不能闷在心里。inspire在这里意为“启发”,符合语境,故选C。inform(通知);remind(提醒);require(要求)。
54. A 解析:根据前半句中的for that anger to disappear可知,这里指为了让自己的怒火消失,就要让它在外面(outside)表现出来(即将怒火发泄出来)。故选A。inside(内在的);public(公开的);personal(个人的)。
55. D 解析:根据上下文语境可推知,这里指如果将怒火藏在心里,就像将灰尘藏在地毯(carpet)下面一样,房子看似干净了,但是其实一点都不干净。故选D。dustpan(簸箕);broom(扫帚);roof(屋顶)。
四,阅读理解
A篇AC                   B篇BADC           C篇ABCA                D篇BDADC
五,单词拼写:
71. particular 72. consequences 73. transformed 74. anchored 75. confirm 76. conservation
77. appreciated  78. catastrophe  79. guilty  80. accurately.  
六,任务型阅读
81.mothballed/ unused/abandoned/deserted    82. Effects/Influences/Impacts    83. included   84. expanding     85. sharply/rapidly/quickly     86. change / vary  87. Solutions  88. Replace  89. profit/benefit  90. unavoidable
七,作文
   Nowadays, many users have developed a habit of listening to audio books. As a result, the audio book market has enjoyed a rapid expansion compared to last few years.
There are a variety of reasons accounting for this trend. Firstly, the great convenience brought about by listening to audio books makes them appealing to many people. People can enjoy books regardless of time, location or noise. Secondly, audio books are easily available because people are allowed to download audio books free online. Last but not least, for those with special needs, such as the blind, audio books can just satisfy their needs..
As for me, however, I prefer to read print books. Reading can offer me unique experiences. I can read at my own pace and stop whenever I want to reflect on the interesting part before I go on. Despite the great convenience of audio books, print books are always my first choice.
听力原文:
Text 1
M: Where did you get that book, Suzie? Did mom get it? I don’t remember buying it for you.
W: Deborah lent it to me. (1) Everyone’s reading it. I have to give it to Hannah when I finish reading it.
Text 2
W: Should I take a taxi or a bus to the town center?
M: You can take either, but the train goes directly there. It’s cheaper, too.
W: Thanks. I’ll do that instead. (2)
Text 3
M: I’ll take six of these shirts: two red shirts, one blue shirt, and three green shirts.
W: I’m sorry. We are out of the blue ones.
M: OK. I guess I’ll just take the two red ones and the three green ones. (3)
Text 4
W: Jack, have you brushed your teeth?
M: No, I already brushed them this morning. I’m busy playing my X-Box!
W: Jack, you know you have to brush them twice a day. Dr. Brunswick said so. Don’t talk back. Just go do it now. (4)
Text 5
M: Finally! I’m done with this math test. I’m going to make the most of my free time.
W: So, you’re going to Henry’s picnic?
M: No, I’m going to visit the library. I’ve reserved a study room, and there are science experts available there all weekend. (5)
Text 6
M: Good morning. I’d like to buy a cake.
W: No problem, sir. We have many cakes here. What size would you like?
M: Well, it’s for my co-worker’s birthday. There are fourteen people in the office. (6)
W: Well, this cake feeds twelve people, and this one behind it feeds twenty.
M: I’ll take the bigger one… It’s better to have too much than not enough.
W: Sounds good. Do you want it delivered?
M: Yes. Can you deliver it to my office? The birthday party will be after work, at a park near the office. (7)
Text 7
M: I’d like to check out. Here’s my key card. (8)
W: Thank you, Mr. Johnson. And here’s your bill.
M: Many thanks. Wow! I sure spent a lot of money in this hotel!
W: I hope your stay was pleasant.
M: Uh, yeah. This could be a great hotel if you got rid of all the insects. And you should improve the food you serve.
W: I’m so sorry. Well, to make you feel better, we’ll offer you a free stay in any of our hotels.
M: Thanks.
W: I’m glad these small problems didn’t ruin your visit.
M: Yeah, the city itself was great. I liked coming here a lot.
W: Good to hear you had some wonderful experiences. (9)
M: I did. And I met so many helpful people. (9)
W: Have a pleasant trip home.
Text 8
M: Hi, Grandma! I’m calling to say happy birthday. I hope you’re having a good day.
W: Thank you, Michael! It’s great to hear from you. It’s been a while since we’ve talked. (10)
M: I know, Grandma. I’m sorry. (10) I’ve been so busy with school and activities lately. I’m captain of the basketball team this year. And I’m also applying to colleges for next fall. (11)
W: Oh, Michael, I’m so proud of you! You’re a very accomplished young man. Do you know where you want to go to college?
M: I really want to go to the University of Southern California, but they might not let me in! It’s a very good school, and it’s very difficult to be accepted there. (12)
W: Well, I’m sure they will take you, honey. You’re a special young man. You’ve really made your grandfather and me so proud.
Text 9
W: I can help the next person in line.
M: That’s me. Hi! I need to mail this package. (13)
W: Okay, great. Where is it going?
M: It’s going to St. Louis, Missouri. (14) And I need it to get there as fast as possible. It’s my mother’s birthday present, and her birthday is tomorrow. (14) I don’t want it to be late.
W: Okay, sir. I can do that. We’ll have to deliver it overnight, which will cost extra money. (15) Let’s see…it will be $32.50 to get the package there tomorrow. Will you pay with a credit card or cash?
M: I have cash. And please mark “FRAGILE” on the box.
W: What is in here, sir? (16) Is there anything dangerous? Any liquids or chemicals?
M: No, there is just a box of chocolates and a cup. (16) But I don’t want the cup to break.
W: Okay, sir. We will have it leaving Atlanta and arriving in St. Louis tomorrow, by way of Memphis. Here’s your receipt, and have a great day!
Text 10
Good afternoon, viewers. Thanks for tuning in to your local News Channel 5 in Tulsa, for the latest weather report around town! It’s Tuesday, April 9th, and I have some important weather news for you today. Later this evening, we will be getting some rain, which will increase throughout the night. (17) By morning, we will have a bad thunderstorm. So, when you go to work tomorrow, be sure to take your umbrella and rain boots! Let’s also look at the weather report for the week. The storm will not be passing for several days, until Sunday. (18) In fact, on Saturday, we may have a chance of a tornado. This could be serious, folks. Tornado activity is starting in Springfield and may move into Oklahoma City, (19) which means we’d be next. In case of a tornado, you should probably store up some basic supplies, like bottles of water and canned foods — just in case. (20) Thanks again for watching, folks, and tune in again soon for your most updated weather news in town!


 

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