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21. Why is TOKNOW a special magazine?
A. It entertains young parents. B. It provides serious advertisements.
C. It publishes popular science fictions. D. It combines fun with complex concepts.
22. What does TOKNOW offer its readers?
A. Online courses. B. Articles on new topics.
C. Lectures on a balanced life. D. Reports on scientific discoveries.
23. How much should you pay if you make a 12-month subscription to TOKNOW with gift pack from China?
A. £55. B. £60. C. £65. D. £70.
24. Subscribers of TOKNOW would get .
A. free birthday presents B. full refund within 28 days
C. membership of the TOKNOW club D. chances to meet the experts in person
Disease, poverty, hate, love—Charles Dickens’ stories opened his readers’ eyes to the most important themes of his age. Two hundred years later, his stories still speak volumes across the world, proving that Dickens’ legacy (遗产) was far greater than just “great literature”.
February 7 marks the 200th anniversary of the writer’s birthday. To mark this date, BBC writer Alex Hudson listed six things Dickens gave the modern world. Let’s take a look at two of them.
A white Christmas
Dickens is described as “the man who invented Christmas” —not the religious festival, but the cultural aspects that we associate with the festive (喜庆的) season today．
In the early 19th century, Christmas was barely worth mentioning, according to critic and writer Leigh Hunt. The committee which ran the Conservative Party even held ordinary business meetings on Christmas Day—unthinkable in the West nowadays, when everyone, but the most necessary workers takes at least three days off.
Many people believe that Dickens’ popular descriptions of the festive period became a blueprint for generations to come. In his classic novel, A Christmas Carol, he not only put forward the idea of snow at Christmas, but also painted a picture of glowing warmth—“home enjoyments, affections and hopes”.
In his biography of Dickens, Peter Ackroyd wrote, “Dickens can be said to have almost single-handedly created the modern idea of Christmas.”
Dickens was one of the first to take an honest look at the underclass and the poor of Victorian (the period during British Queen Victoria’s reign from 1837 to 1901) London.
He helped popularize the term “red tape” to describe situations where people in power use needless amounts of bureaucracy (官僚作风) in a way that particularly hurts the weaker and poorer members of society.
“Dickensian” has now become a powerful word for describing an unacceptable level of poverty. In 2009, when the president of the Association of Teachers and Lecturers in the UK wanted to talk about poverty in some areas of Britain, she did not use words like “terrible” or “horrific”, but rather described it as “life mirroring the times of Dickens”.
25. The article is mainly about __________.
A. Charles Dickens’ impact on the world.
B. An introduction to Charles Dickens’ classic novels
C. Charles Dickens’ amazing characters
D. Why Charles Dickens is popular across the world
26. Why is Dickens called “the man who invented Christmas”?
A. Because he created the religious festival.
B. Because one of his novels helped to shape Christmas celebrations.
C. Because many of his novels have something to do with Christmas.
D. Because he was the first man to have proposed celebrating Christmas.
27. According to the passage, the underlined phrase “red tape” refers to __________.
A. rules or procedures that are required to accomplish a task
B. a situation in which poor members of society are hurt
C. conflict between people in power and weaker people
D. pointlessly time-consuming official procedures
28. We can learn from the passage that __________.
A. Charles Dickens’ novels reflect the true life at his age
B. everyone can take three days off for Christmas
C. Dickens invented Christmas
D. Dickens gave the modern world six things
We live in a sweet world. The average American kids eat more than 20 teaspoons of sugar per day, and adults eat 50% more sugar today than they did in the 1970s. We all know that too much sugar isn’t good for us. Researchers at the University of Utah used mice to do a study on the bad effects of sugar. They found it could have serious effects on people’s health seriously.
During the 58-week-long study, mice were fed a diet containing 25% more sugar. This percentage equals a healthy human diet along with three cans of soda daily. The team found that these mice were twice as likely to die as mice fed a similar diet without the sugar. Though the mice did not show signs of obesity or high blood pressure, male mice produced 25% fewer offspring (后代) than the other mice.
Scientists often use mice for research because they have a similar genetic (基因的) structure to humans. “Since most substances (物质) that are dangerous in mice are also dangerous in people; it’s likely that those physical problems that cause those mice to have increased deaths also work in people,” says the study author James Ruff of the University of Utah. Findings from this study show bad effects that are not as noticeable as weight gain or heart problems. Sugar can contribute to long-term changes in the body that can change development and even shorten lives.
Different types of sugar have different effects on the human body. Some of the sugar we consume comes from foods we might expect—candy, soda and cookies. But much of the sugar that we eat is hidden. Food companies add large amounts of sugar to items we may not classify as sweets. To help cut down extra sugar consumption, nutrition experts suggest looking at the ingredients on food packages. Cutting sugar out of the American diet altogether may be difficult. But making the effort to control our nation’s desire for sugar will avoid a sweeter future.
29. According to Paragragh 2, we can know ________.
A. mice eating more sugar will live longer
B. the study on mice lasted less than a year
C. the study showed the bad effects of more sugar on mice
D. mice eating more sugar will become fatter and fatter
30. Why did the scientists choose mice to do the study?
A. Because a substance may have the same effects on mice and humans.
B. Because mice have a longer lifespan (寿命) than other animals.
C. Because mice take in the harmful substances easily and quickly.
D. Because mice are sensitive to the sweet taste.
31. Which would be the best title for the passage?
A. Living a sweet life B. Kids eat much more sugar
C. Genetic structure of humans D. Danger of too much sugar
Almost everybody in America will spend a part of his or her life behind a shopping cart. They will, in a lifetime, push the chrome-plated contraptions many miles. But few will know—or even think to ask—who it was that invented them. Sylvan N. Goldman invented the shopping cart in 1937. At that time he was in the supermarket business. Every day he would see shoppers lugging groceries around in baskets they had to carry.
One day Goldman suddenly had the idea of putting baskets on wheels. The wheeled baskets would make shopping much easier for his customers, and would help to attract more business.
On June 4, 1937, Goldman’s first carts were ready for use in his market. He was terribly excited on the morning of that day as customers began arriving. He couldn’t wait to see them using his invention.
But Goldman was disappointed. Most shoppers gave the carts a long look, but hardly anybody would give them a try.
After a while, Goldman decided to ask customers why they weren’t using his carts. “Don’t you think this arm is strong enough to carry a shopping basket?”one shopper replied.
But Goldman wasn’t beaten yet. He knew his carts would be a great success if only he could persuade people to give them a try. To this end, Goldman hired a group of people to push carts around his market and pretend they were shopping! Seeing this, the real customers gradually began copying the phony（假冒的）customers.
As Goldman had hoped, the carts were soon attracting larger and larger numbers of customers to his market. But not only did more people come—those who came bought more. With larger, easier-to-handle baskets, customers unconsciously bought a greater number of items than before.
Today’s shopping carts are five times larger than Goldman’s original model. Perhaps that’s one reason Americans today spend more than five times as much money on food each year as they did before 1937—before the coming of the shopping cart.
32. What do the underlined words “chrome-¬plated contraptions” in Paragraph1 refer to?
A. Baskets. B. Private cars. C. Suitcases. D. Shopping carts.
33. What was the purpose of Goldman’s invention?
A. It was to prove him to be a good inventor.
B. It was to reduce the burden of his employees’ work.
C. It was to make shopping easier and attract more business.
D. It was to help the disabled make shopping easily in his market.
34. Goldman hired a group of people to push carts around his market in order to ________.
A. attract people to buy things in his market
B. encourage people to use his shopping carts
C. make his market different from the others
D. keep the groceries from being stolen
35. What can we infer from the last paragraph?
A. Goldman will become very famous because of his invention.
B. Goldman’s invention will be regarded as the greatest one in the world.
C. Supermarket business has benefited a lot from Goldman’s invention.
D. There will be nothing that can replace Goldman’s invention.
Lots of people find it hard to get up in the morning and put the blame on the alarm clock. In fact, the key to easy morning wake-up lies in resting your body clock 36 Here is how to make one.
37 In order to make a change, you need to decide why it’s important. Do you want to get up in time to have breakfast with your family, get in some exercise, or just be better prepared for your day? Once you are clear about your reason, tell your family or roommates about the change you want to make.
Rethink mornings. Now that you know why you want to wake up, consider re-arranging your morning activities. If you want time to have breakfast with your family, save some time the night before by setting out clothes, shoes, and bags. 38 That’s a quarter-hour more you could be sleeping if you bought a coffee maker with a timer.
Keep your sleep/wake schedule on weekends. If you’re tired out by Friday night, sleeping in on Saturday could sound wonderful. But compensating on the weekends actually feeds into your sleepiness the following week, a recent study found. 39
Keep a record and evaluate it weekly. Keep track of your efforts and write down how you feel. After you’ve tried a new method for a week, take a look at your record. 40 If not, take another look at other methods you could try.
A. Get a sleep specialist.
B. Find the right motivation.
C. A better plan for sleep can help.
D. And consider setting a second alarm.
E. If the steps you take are working, keep it up.
F. Stick to your set bedtime and wake-up time, no matter the day.
G. Reconsider the 15 minutes you spend in line at the café to get coffee.
Nowadays, more and more young people are becoming too 41 and over-confident. They think they can do everything. So they simply 42 their old parents, and believe that their parents’ 43 are out of date. Actually I used to be one of them, but after hearing a story told by my father, I changed my mind 44 . Now I would like to 45 it with you.
Once, there was a young man who 46 the old. He always thought that the old, including his father, were 47 . One day, the father and the son went for a walk in the 48 . As they walked, a beautiful 49 came into their sight. The son 50 to one pretty flower and said, “We young people are like this fragrant (芳香的) flower, so healthy, vigorous, and full of spirit. What about you oldsters? Just like the 51 leaves from a dying tree.”
Hearing this, the father smiled but said 52 . They continued the walking in silence. When they passed a(n) 53 , the father stopped and went in. He bought a walnut (核桃) and showed it to his son, and said, “We old are like this walnut. We’ve 54 many hard events in life. So we built up such a 55 shell, and at the same time we built up a 56 inner world. Every fruit is so full-grown.”
“But every fruit was born by a 57 .” argued the son.
“Yes, but not every flower can bear fruit…”
From then on, I always keep this 58 in mind. It has taught me a lot. We should try to be a flower that can bear fruit. we also have to know that our 59 aren’t falling leaves but experienced walnuts, masterpiece of 60 . They are the ones we should appreciate forever.
41. A. proud B. clever C. rude D. genuine
42. A. blame B. respect C. ignore D. believe
43. A. spirits B. thoughts C. methods D. strengths
44. A. gradually B. suddenly C. slowly D. completely
45. A. provide B. supply C. offer D. share
46. A. look up to B. live up to C. look down on D. get down to
47. A. careless B. useless C. fruitful D. successful
48. A. bushes B. woods C. yard D. court
49. A. garden B. mountain C. school D. factory
50. A. pointed B. referred C. attended D. turned
51. A. growing B. grown C. falling D. fallen
52. A. something B. everything C. nothing D. anything
53. A. grocery B. office C. street D. river
54. A. protected B. experienced C. promoted D. contributed
55. A. tender B. colorful C. big D. hard
56. A. merciful B. mature C. simple D. complex
57. A. branch B. plant C. leaf D. flower
58. A. experience B. walnut C. fruit D. story
59. A. parents B. teachers C. friends D. relatives
60. A. spirit B. material C. nature D. society
Snake dishes 61 (become) popular in recent years. Snake meat in various flavors (风味) is often seen in restaurant advertisements. Eating snake seems to be now in vogue (盛行), and 62 you haven’t eaten snake yet, you are considered “out of date”. But I wonder whether all the trends are worth 63 (follow).
Some people may defend themselves 64 saying that snake meat is nutritious. But these people don’t realize that many parasites (寄生虫), 65 (find) inside snakes, will do harm to our health.
According to a survey, about 1,000 tons of snakes are eaten every year in China and sometimes as many as 10 tons of snakes 66 (serve) on dinner tables in Shenzhen in a single day!
These figures warn us that if no 67 (act) is taken, the number of snakes will drop and that will make 68 increase in mice and worms population, 69 will result in a decrease of crops output. Who will see such tragedy happen?
So let’s start not to eat snakes any more because “to protect the snake is to protect 70 .”
The summer holiday is coming. My classmates and I are talking about how to do during the holiday. We can chose between staying at home and take a trip. If we stay at home, it is comfortable but there is no need to spend money. But in that case, we will learn little about world. If we go on a trip abroad, we can broaden your view and gain knowledges we cannot get from books. Some classmates suggest we can go to places of interest nearby. I thought that it is a good idea. It does not cost many, yet we can still learn a lot.
21---24 DBDB 25---28 ABDA 29---31 CAD 32---35 DCBC 36---40 CBGFE
41---45 ACBDD 46---50 CBBAA 51---55 CCABD 56---60 BDDAC
61. have become 62. if 63. following 64. by 65. found
66. are served 67. action 68. an 69. which 70. ourselves
The summer holiday is coming. My classmates and I are talking about how to do during
the holiday. We can chose between staying at home and take a trip. If we stay at home, it is
comfortable but there is no need to spend money. But in that case, we will learn little about ∧
world. If we go on a trip abroad, we can broaden your view and gain knowledges we cannot
get from books. Some classmates suggest we can go to places of interest nearby. I thought that
should /can think
it is a good idea. It does not cost many, yet we can still learn a lot.
One possible version：
Our school photography club is going to hold an International High School Student Photography Show. The theme of the show is environmental protection. It will start from July 15th and last three weeks. Any student who is interested is welcome to participate. I know you take good pictures and you’ve always wanted to do something for environmental protection. I remember you showed me some photos on that theme the last time you visited our school. This is surely a good chance for more people to see them. If you want to join in it, you can send your photos to email@example.com.
I hope to hear from you soon.