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Lost cities that have been found
The White City
In 2015, a team of explorers to Honduras in search of “the Lost City of the Monke God” led to the discovery of the White City. They found the ruins in the Mosquitia region of the Central American country which is known for poisonous snakes, vicious jaguars and deadly insects. It is believed that local people hid here when the Spanish conquerors(征服者) occupied their homeland in the16th century.
Canopus and Heracleion
Modern researchers were teased by the ancient writings about the Egyptian cities Canopus and Heracleion -- where Queen Cleopatra often visited. But the cities weren’t found until 1992, when a search in Alexandria waters found that the two cities had been flooded for centuries. Artifacts(史前器物) showed that the cities once highly developed as a trade network, which helped researchers piece together more about the last queen of Egypt.
A Yale professor discovered “the Lost City in the Clouds” in 1911. A combination of palaces, plazas, temples and homes, Machu Picchu displays the Inca Empire at the height of its rule. The city, which was abandoned in the 16th century for unknown reasons, was hidden by the local people from the Spanish conquerors for centuries keeping it so well preserved.
The ancient city of Troy in Homer’s The Iliad was considered a fictional setting for his characters to run wild. But in 1871, explorations in northwestern Turkey exposed nine ancient cities layered (层叠) on top of each other, the earliest dating back to about 5,000 years before. It was later determined that the sixth or seventh layer contained the lost city of Troy and that it was actually destroyed by an earthquake, not a wooden horse.
21. Why did people hide in the White City in the 16th century?
A. To survive the war. B. To search for a lost city. 
C. To protect their country. D. To avoid dangerous animals.
22. Which of the following was related to a royal family member?
A. The White City B. Canopus and Heracleion
C. Machu Picchu D. Troy
23. What can we learn about Troy?
A. It was built by Homer. B. It consisted of nine cities.
C. It had a history of 5,000 years. D. It was ruined by a natural disaster.
When 1 was a boy we used to live across the road from a big hill with huge oak trees growing out of it. When winter arrived, thick, heavy snow would fall, and my two brothers would grab their sleds heading over to the hill for a day of fun．I remember watching them with envy because 1 was still too small to go sledding. Finally, one winter 1 was considered big enough and joined my brothers as they carried their sleds up the long hill and prepared to ride down it.
The first few trips I rode with one of my brothers and had the time of my life. It was so exhilarating when the wind whipped across my face as I flew down the hillside on the wooden sled. Near the end of the day 1 was overjoyed too when my oldest brother decided to let me try riding the sled all by myself. I climbed on it full of excitement and lay on my stomach. Then with one big push my brother sent me down the snowy hillside. 1 was doing pretty well too until I hit an old stump hidden by the snow and went off course, straight towards one of those big oak trees. My heart pounded in my chest and I could hear myself screaming. At the last possible second I rolled off and the sled crashed into the tree. I could hear my brothers running down the hill yelling, “You have to steer(操控)! You have to steer!”
Sadly, that wasn’t the last time I failed to steer when some obstacle knocked me off course in my life. Many times problems, troubles, and my own failures have sent me crashing into the trees of anger, frustration, and despair. I am still learning that life isn’t always safe sledding I am still learning that it is up to me to steer myself back to love, back to kindness, back to goodness, and back to God.
Life is a trip, but no one ever said it was a smooth ride. Steer well then. Steer straight. Steer your soul towards the light and the love we are all meant for.
24. What do we know about the author when he was very young?
A. He lived on a big hill with huge oak trees on it.
B. He was frightened to go sledding with his brothers.
C. He longed to go sledding with his brothers.
D. He carried his brothers’ sleds as they went sledding.
25. Which of the following can replace the underlined word “exhilarating” in Paragraph 2?
A. delightful B. terrifying C. ordinary D. violent
26. Why did the author fall off his sled?
A. Because his sled crashed in an oak tree.
B. Because he lost control of his sled.
C. Because his brother pushed it so hard.
D. Because the hillside was snowy.
27. What does the author mean to tell us?
A. Losing control of a sled can be dangerous.
B. Courage and determination can change one’s life.
C. Life can be controlled by one himself.
D. Life is a mystery full of coincidences.
Chinese audiences seemed not to have been satisfied with the third season of the highly anticipated food documentary A Bite of China.
Picky viewers complain that some of the narration is not accurate, while others pinpoint misleading content. At the same time, food blogger @barbara questioned whether it is appropriate to give a close-up shot of the poisonous plant Nandina（南天竺）in a food program.
A Bite of China, which debuted in 2012, became hugely popular nationwide for its quality introduction of some rarely-known and mouth-watering domestic cuisine. In the new show, however, watchers are not satisfied with “irrelevant” food references, such as lipsticks made of Chinese traditional medicine and martial arts master.
The first episode introduced a hand-made iron frying pan from east China’s Shandong province, which prompted thousands of Chinese Internet users to buy one from China’s leading e-commerce website Tmall in the next few days. Sales of the pan at “Zhensanhuan” surged 6,000 times compared with a year ago, according to Beijing Youth Daily.
In response to overwhelming criticism and questions, A Bite of China production crew responded on Weibo that they seek innovation despite the risks following the first two phenomenal seasons.
“It is unavoidable to make comparisons with the first two, and some audiences may not accept the changes,” the crew said. “We explore the culture and civilization behind food, and give food a historic touch. That’s why we feature culinary（烹饪的）tools, feast and rituals, as well as a healthy diet to show Chinese wisdom and philosophy, which has not been shown in any food programs before.”
28. Why does the passage mention Nandina?
A. Because some of the narration is not accurate.
B. Because it may be improper to give a close-up shot of a poisonous plant.
C. Because it is misleading content.
D. Because it is not attractive at all to most picky viewers.
29. Which of the following elements leads to viewers’ dissatisfaction with the new show?
A. some mouth-watering domestic cuisines B. food-unrelated items
C. some rarely-known cuisines D. the increasing sales of the pan at “Zhensanhuan”
30. According to its production crew, what is unique to ‘A Bite of China III’?
A. It makes comparisons with the first two episodes.
B. It tells the story of some martial arts related to food.
C. It receives overwhelming criticism and questions from audience.
D. It focuses on cooking tools, rituals and healthy eating.
31. What is the best the title for the passage?
A. A Bite of China III Draws Criticism from Audiences
B. A Bite of China III Maintains High Viewership Ratings
C. A Bite of China III Changes for the Worse
D. A Bite of China III Explains its Purposes
The organic food has gained a lot of popularity as they are being considered as healthier and tastier. A fair number of people advocate a large-scale shift to organic farming from conventional agriculture. But this might not seem well-founded.
Since the mid-19th century, conventional industrial agriculture has become incredibly efficient on a simple land to food basis. Conventional farming gets more and more crop per square foot of land, which can mean less wilderness needs to be transformed to farmland.
To make farming more efficient, conventional agriculture uses a significant amount of synthetic fertilizer(合成肥料) each year, and all that nitrogen(氮) enables much faster plant growth. However, the cost is paid in vast polluted dead zones at the mouths of many of the world’s rivers, because much of the nitrogen ends up running off the soil and into the oceans. This also makes conventional farming one of the major threats to the environment.
To weaken the environmental impact of agriculture, improve soil quality as well as produce healthier foods, some farmers have turned to organic farming. Environmentalists have also welcomed organic food as better for the planet than the food produced by agricultural corporations. Organic practices—refusing artificial fertilizers and chemical pesticides—are considered far more sustainable. Sales of organic food rose 7.7% in 2010, up to $26.7 billion—and people are making those purchases for their moral senses as much as their tongues.
Yet a new meta-analysis in Nature does the math and comes to a hard conclusion: organic farming produces 25% fewer crops on average than conventional agriculture. This is definitely a downside of organic farming, especially when global population is still growing rapidly.
In the Nature analysis, scientists performed an analysis of 66 studies comparing conventional and organic methods across 34 different crop species, from fruits to grains. They found that organic farming delivered a lower output for every crop type, though the difference varied widely. For crops like fruit trees, organic trailed conventional agriculture by just 5%. Yet for major grain crops and vegetables—all of which provide the world’s main calories—conventional agriculture outperformed organics by more than 25%.
What that means is that while organic farming may be more sustainable than conventional agriculture, there are trade-offs(此消彼长) with each. So an ideal global agriculture system may borrow the best from both systems rather than upholding merely organic or conventional practices.
32. The purpose of the passage is to ___________.
A. compare two types of farming
B. criticize conventional agriculture
C. discuss the development of farming
D. argue for a realistic agriculture system
33. According to the passage, conventional farming ___________.
A. produces more crops with fewer fertilizers
B. achieves efficiency at a huge cost to the environment
C. offers a long-term solution to global demand for food
D. performs far better for each crop type than organic farming
34. The author may agree with ___________.
A. employing organic farming to plant rice
B. adopting organic practices to grow potato
C. using conventional methods to plant cabbage
D. applying conventional farming to growing apple
35. Which of the following shows the development of ideas in this passage?
CP: Central Point P: Point Sp: Sub-point(次要点) C：Conclusion
Whether you want to improve your writing skills as a creative writer or simply perfect your skills for schoolwork, you can take some steps to learn how to be a better writer.
1. Use active instead of passive voice.
In English, the most basic sentence structure is S-V-O: Subject-Verb-Object( 主-谓-宾). The passive voice(被动语态) usually requires more words and use of a “to be” verb form, which can suck the energy out of your writing. Learn to avoid these constructions as much as you can. 36 It conventionally uses the passive voice to put the emphasis on the results, rather than the researchers.
Finding the right verb or adjective(形容词) can turn an uninspired sentence into one people will remember and quote for years to come. Look for words that are as specific as possible. Strong doesnt mean obscure, or more complicated. Dont say "utilize" when you could say "use." 38
3. Cut the chaff.
39 You dont get points for saying in 50 words what could be said in 20, or for using multi-syllable(音节) words when a short one does just as well. It might feel good at first to pack a lot of ideas and details into a single sentence, but chances are that sentence is just going to be hard to read. If a phrase doesnt add anything valuable, just cut it. 40 If you notice that your writing is filled with "-ly" words, it might be time to take a deep breath and give your writing more focus.
A. Use strong words.
B. Show, dont tell.
C. Good writing is simple, clear and direct.
D. The main exception to this is science writing.
E. Cutting the chaff is best done at the editing stage.
F. "He sprinted" is not necessarily better than "he ran."
G. Dont write "screamed fearfully" -- "scream" already suggests fear.
Ask someone for their first memory and they will often give some fairly dull possibilities and not be sure which comes first. However, I have no __41 at all about mine. The earliest thing I recall is looking down and seeing flames coming out of my__42 .
It was a Sunday afternoon in July 1981 when I __43 fire. I was in the garden with my dad. It was a sunny day but slightly breezy (有微风的)．I was standing nearby as my dad __44 to light the barbecue. After several failed attempts, __45 he had to use some sort of accelerant (助燃剂)．It caused a small fireball, which was flying towards me __46 the breeze suddenly__47 in my direction. That’s where the__48 memory of my burning ankles kicks in. My dad __49 fast. He dashed indoors, grabbed a large blanket and__50 to wrap me in it.
The next thing I remember is sitting on a box, feeling hot and __51 water over and over again; then being driven to a__52 . I underwent lots of skin operations and for weeks I wasn’t able to bend my legs, which had to be wrapped in bandages. __53 this period, I don’t recall experiencing pain. It was only when I__54 what an exciting summer my sister was having that my situation began to seem __55 .
My dad and I have never talked much about the__56 — my dad has never been an especially__57 person. Now that I have kids of my own, I do sometimes wonder what he__58 . I’ve never felt any __59 towards him, and I recognize that but for his swift actions the situation could have been__60 . But I’d certainly never have a barbecue with my kids.
41．A. choice B．idea C．doubt D．worry
42．A.ankles B．blanket C．sleeves D．belly
43．A. exchanged B．set C．held D．caught
44．A. pretended B．struggled C．refused D．managed
45．A. eventually B．gradually C．interestingly D．fortunately
46．A. before B．unless C．though D．as
47．A. stopped B．howled C．changed D．dropped
48．A. vivid B．sweet C．precious D．vague
49．A. hid B．acted C．escaped D．approached
50．A. got away B．broke in C．stood by D．ran back
51．A. waiting for B．asking for C．paying for D．searching for
52．A. hospital B．pool C．café D．gym
53．A. Thanks to B．But for C．Throughout D．After
54．A. realized B．attended C．requested D．explained
55．A. ridiculous B．acceptable C．satisfactory D．unbearable
56．A. illness B．conflict C．accident D．visit
57．A. strict B．open C．shy D．honest
58．A. gave away B．took over C．went through D．looked into
59．A. sympathy B．anxiety C．guilt D．anger
60．A. worse B．simpler C．stranger D．clearer
The world-known Silk Road across the Eurasian Continent is a friendship bridge 61 (link) the Europe and Asian people. It is one of the most important theme tourist routes in the world and the most 62 (value) tourist product in China. From the time Zhang Qian 63 (open) up the world-famous Silk Road during the Han Dynasty, until the collapse of the Yuan Dynasty, it enjoyed 64 history of about 1,600 years.
Silk Road with 65 (it) 2,000 years history has witnessed the historical changes and the progress of culture exchanges between China and the Western countries. The section in China, many ethnic cultures 66 (include), is also as a jade belt. The 67 (people) of these ethnic groups such as Mongolians, Huis, Uyghurs, Hazaks have maintained their unique traditions and cultures, living habits and religious beliefs, 68 form the soul of the Silk Road and attract many tourists to visit. In fact, 69 the Silk Road in the northwest of China, there are another two trade roads in the southwest of China and by sea, which also contribute 70 (great) to the development of the world. They are called the “Southern Silk Road” and the “Silk Road on the Sea”.
Welcome to my school！Upon your arrival，there will be a party for you organizing by my classmates. You may attend to English classes to feel a differently learning style. After that，you can go to your host family that you can experience the Chinese way of life. You can have meals together chatting about whatever interest you.
The host family will also show you off some famous scenic spots. You can see people selling kites everywhere because our city was home to kites. There are varieties of kites to choose. So isnt that a good idea to buy some for your friends？Write to me unless you have any questions about the schedule.
第一部分: 阅读理解（共20 小题; 每小题2分，满分40分）
第一节21-23 ABD 24-27 CABC 28—31 BBDA 32-35 DBCA
第一节完形填空（共20 小题; 每小题1.5分，满分30分）
41-45 CADBA 46-50 DCABD 51-55 BACAD 56-60 CBCDA
61. linking 62.valuable 63.opened64. a 65. its 66. included 67. peoples 68. which
69. besides 70. greatly
1. 第二句organizing改成organized 2.第三句 attend to的to 去掉3. 第三句 differently改成different
4. 第四句that 改成 where 5. 第五句interest改成interests 6. 第六句 off 改成 around 7. 第七句 was 改成is 8. 第八句to choose 后加上from 9. 第九句that改成it 10. 第十句 unless 改成 if或when
Excited to hear the host announce that you won the first prize in the competition of singing Chinese songs intended for foreigners on TV, I’m writing to express my congratulations to you.
On the stage, you are like a shining star. Through beautiful songs, you expressed your passion to China and left a deep impression on the audience. Every note of your song conveys the intimate friendship with Chinese people. What impressed me most is your perfect Chinese pronunciation, which definitely add a lot of color to your performance. Just as the old saying goes, “No pains, no gains”. I know you practice speaking Chinese every day and no wonder you have made such great progress. It’s your hard work and persistence that made you succeed. I’m so proud of you.
Congratulations once again and I hope your future will be successful and glorious.