英 语 试 题 卷 2018.07
1. What will the man probably do next?
A. Put on a shirt.
B. Turn the dryer off.
C. Fix the refrigerator.
2. What can we learn from the conversation?
A. The woman thought the tickets would be available soon.
B. The woman thought there were no tickets left.
C. The audience were deeply impressed by the concert.
3. Where are the speakers?
A. At a hospital. B. At a classroom. C. At a gym.
4. What day is it today?
A. Thursday. B. Friday. C. Sunday.
5. What did the woman think of the movie?
A. Terrible. B. Average. C. Fantastic.
6. What is the probable relationship between the two speakers?
A. Salesman and customer.
B. Husband and wife.
C. Teacher and student.
7. What kind of dress does the woman finally buy?
A. A light silk dress. B. A dark cotton dress. C. A light cotton dress.
8. Why does the man sound surprised?
A. Lily declined a job offer.
B. Lily was absent from school.
C. Lily turned down a scholarship.
9. What has Lily decided to do?
A. Travel to Dubai. B. Stay with her mom. C. Start a business.
10. How does the woman feel?
A. Nervous. B. Calm. C. Surprised.
11. Who is Mrs. Spencer?
A. A film director. B. A pet store owner. C. A movie character.
12. What will the woman do next?
A. Try out for a play. B. Go to a restaurant. C. Act in a commercial.
13. In which field does the man have a master’s degree?
A. Chemistry. B. Nuclear physics. C. Literature.
14. What does the woman think of chemistry?
A. Difficult. B. Interesting. C. Popular.
15. What can we learn about the man?
A. He prefers physics to chemistry.
B. He just graduated from high school.
C. He will continue studying hard for years.
16. What does the woman want to be?
A. A doctor. B. A writer. C. A teacher.
17. When did the watch officially go on sale?
A. On March 1st, 2015.
B. On March 2nd, 2015.
C. On September 2nd, 2015.
18. What does the watch have?
A. Automatic brightness. B. Wi-Fi. C. GPS.
19. What do some users dislike about the watch?
A. It’s too large.
B. It looks too traditional.
C. It doesn’t have enough storage.
20. How many watch faces can users choose from?
A. 50. B. 400. C. 4,000.
阅读下列短文 ，从每题所给的四个选项 （A 、B 、C 和 D ）中 ，选出最佳选项 ，并在题卡上将该项涂黑。
When you're on the go, your best friend and resource can be your phone. In the age of smart phones, apps are like guiding stars: They can point you in the right direction for a hotel, list expenses, send postcards, and much more. When used together, these apps can be the basic travel tool, placing a wealth of information at your fingertips no matter where you are on the planet. US News Travel has picked the essential travel apps, known for their utility and reliability. Best of all, they cost absolutely nothing.
Your Personal Travel Agent
Be your own travel agent and plan every detail of your trip—from car rental to accommodating restaurants—with Trip It. You can make travel schedule by hand, or simply forward the email confirmations of your flight, rental car, train tickets, and hotels to plans.
Your Go-To Meteorologist(气象学者)
Stop trying to explain the weather forecast on the evening news (particularly when it’s in a foreign language). The Weather Free app informs you (in English) of the climate in various locations. It features the local weather, and other key factors that will inform your decision about what to wear before stepping outside.
Your Event Guru
When you’re in a foreign city, you sometimes look around and ask: Where are all the people? Goby has the answer. This app pinpoints the neighborhood hot spots (including museums, hotels, eateries, and more) in your neighborhood. But its true value comes in finding nearby events. You'll discover concerts, plays, and more right around the corner.
21. What is the advantage of the three travel apps?
A. They are reliable and free of charge.
B. They reduce your travel budget.
C. They exercise your fingertips.
D. They can solve any problem you come across.
22. With the help of the travel apps used together, travelers can do the following things EXCEPT_________.
A. rent a car B. decide what to wear
C. look for a friend while traveling D. find the nearby museums
23. Where are the readers likely to read the passage above?
A. In a geography textbook. B. In a science and technology journal.
C. In a business report. D. On a popular website.
To personal trainer Sammy Callari, 13-year-old Parker Seward is more than a client (客户). He's his “little brother”. Over the past year, the pair have bonded. They play basketball together, share meals and dance to hip-hop.
The trainer was asked to work with the 13-year-old boy, who has Down syndrome (唐氏症), because his coworker who dealt with the boy was out of town last spring. Callari had never worked with someone with a disability before. He was anxious the first day he met Parker. But Parker’s big smile and cheery introduction immediately put him at ease. Callari recalled the time when he was a teenager. Like Parker, Callari has also faced a lot of challenges over the years.
As a high schooler, Callari described himself as being the weak kid. When it came to sports, he was always overlooked. His dream of playing baseball in college quickly faded away. When he went to college, Callari turned to a new sport. His brother trained him to become a boxer. Callari participated in five matches. Out of four of those fights he was the underdog, but finally he won three times. “I know how it feels,” Callari said, “Society tells you that you can’t do this, you can’t do that. ” When it comes to Parker, Callari refuses to accept the word “can’t”.
The friends meet twice a week to train. They bike, box, run and play together. Parker has a short attention span, so it’s Callari’s job to keep him focused. Callari said, “That’s the whole task right now.”
Parker’s mom once thanked him for taking a “chance” on her son. Callari told her he never viewed it that way. Parker may be the student, but Callari says he himself is also the one who’s learning.
24. Why was Callari asked to train Parker?
A. Callari took place of his absent colleague.
B. Parker’s parents had faith in Callari.
C. They shared the same interests.
D. Callari was an expert in Down syndrome.
25. What can we learn about Callari when he was in high school?
A. He was good at sports.
B. He was out of condition.
C. He was looked down upon by everyone.
D. He was influenced deeply by his brother.
26. What attitude does Callari have to Parker?
A. Grateful. B. Sympathetic. C. Indifferent. D. Critical.
27. What is the text mainly about?
A. An inspiring story of a disabled boy.
B. A high schooler suffering lots of failure.
C. Ways of developing friendship with the boy with Down syndrome.
D. The friendship between a disabled boy and his personal trainer.
Being mistreated at work can make people take out their negative emotions on loved ones at home. But a new study suggests that getting more exercise and sleep may help people better cope with them by leaving them at work, where they belong.
Previous research shows that employees who are looked down on or insulted by colleagues are likely to express their frustrations and behave angrily toward people outside of work, says study co-author Shannon Taylor, a management professor at the University of Central Florida’s College of Business.
The new study backs up this idea, but offers a bit of good news as well: Employees who averaged more than 10, 500 steps a day or burned at least 2, 100 calories were less likely to mistreat their families than those who averaged fewer steps or burned fewer calories.
The findings also revealed that when employees felt they had a bad night’s sleep because of work issues, they were more likely to be angry at home. “When you’re tired, you are either less able or less motivated to regulate yourself.” says co-author Larissa Barber, a professor of psychology at Northern Illinois University.
Physical activity seems to counterbalance poor sleep, Barber says, because it promotes healthy brain functions needed to properly regulate emotions and behaviors. “This study suggests that high amounts of exercise can be at least one way to improve the situations brought by sleep troubles that lead to negative behaviors at home, ” she says.
Barber acknowledges that finding time to work out and get a full night’s sleep can be difficult when work pressure is mounting, and that often, job stress can be directly connected to sleep quality. However, she says, making the effort to burn some extra calories and let go of some stress can be worth it. It’s not only good for you, says Taylor, but it can benefit your loved people.
28. What does the underlined word “they” in Paragraph 1 refer to?
A. Loved people at home. B. Negative emotions.
C. Different work pressures. D. More exercise and sleep.
29. Who will most probably behave angrily to family members?
A. A person who is easy to get tired.
B. A person who is always treated badly by coworkers.
C. A person who often goes to the gym to work out.
D. A person who often argues with colleagues.
30. The underlined word “counterbalance” in Paragraph 5 probably means .
A. make use of B. take control of C. keep up with D. make up for
31. What can we learn from the text?
A. The amount of calories employees burn affects the frequency of losing temper.
B. How to burn more calories has become a major issue for workers.
C. Enough exercise can replace good sleep in dealing with negative behaviors.
D. Work pressure makes no difference in sleep quality.
For many years, humans have tried to find the secret to staying young. Although it has yet to be discovered, we may be closer than ever to finding a way that can slow down the aging process.
A recent study by researchers from Duke University in the US found that cutting one’s daily intake of calories could slow down biological aging, which means you might be able to hang on to your youthful looks a little longer.
Previous research has shown that calorie restrictions slow aging in worms, flies and mice. So researchers wondered if it could have the same effect on people.
To find out, Daniel Belsky and her team examined data from a study by the National Institute on Aging, based in the US, which involved 220 people. During the two-year study, 145 people in the restriction group cut their calorie intake by 25 percent. Meanwhile, 75 people in the control group maintained their normal diets.
At the start of the study, the two groups had no difference in biological age. The average participant was 38 years old, with a biological age of 37. However, after each 12-month period, participants in the restriction group saw an increase in biological age by an average of 0.11 years. Meanwhile, those in the control group saw a rise by an average of 0.71 years.
The researchers believe the difference between these groups shows that cutting calories does slow biological aging.
Although they didn’t explain the reason behind this, researchers at Brigham Young University in the US provided an explanation after they carried out a similar study on mice. They believe fewer calories slow down a mechanism in cells called the ribosome (核糖体), at least in mice. The mechanism is responsible for making vital proteins in cells, but with fewer calories it slows down, giving it more time to repair itself.
The ribosome is complex, like a car, and it needs to replace the parts that wear out the fastest from time to time, according to John Price, a biochemistry professor at Brigham Young University.
“When tyres wear out, you don’t throw the whole car away and buy new ones. It’s easier to replace the tyres,” Price told VOA.
But this doesn’t mean that people who want to look younger should start skipping meals, especially given the study’s early stage. Proper nutrition is important, Price explained.
“Food isn’t just material to be burned—it’s a signal that tells our body and cells how to respond,” he told Science Daily.
32. The purpose of the research was to .
A. find the most efficient way to control calorie intake
B. explain why people have to maintain a normal diet
C. invent technology that keeps people young and healthy
D. test the influence of calorie restrictions on aging
33. Which of the following statements is TRUE about the experiment?
A. All the participants were of the same biological age at the start.
B. Flies and mice were used to compare the results of the human test with.
C. The biological age of people in the control group increased more than those in the restriction group.
D. Some participants were asked to double the amount of food they ate.
34. According to John Price, .
A. the fewer calories one takes in, the better the ribosome works
B. reducing calorie intake could allow the ribosome to repair itself better
C. the ribosome is an important cell that controls the aging process
D. a higher level of calorie intake means more healthy proteins
35. We can infer from the text that .
A. those who want to stay young are advised to skip meals
B. people should keep a record of the energy they burn every day
C. we could slow our pace of biological aging by changing our eating habits
D. maintaining a balanced diet is not as difficult as people imagine
Happiness has become a big deal in the past decade. Hundreds of books , lectures and even the media tell us that happiness is within our reach. All we have to do is follow some simple steps, like meditation, living in the moment and doing yoga. 36 In fact, feeling deeply sad is a normal part of the healing process.
It’s said that if you are going through a hard time, it’s important to do what you can to feel better. 37 Perhaps they can work for you, too.
38 But if you’re not anywhere near an ocean, lake or river, looking at images of moving water on TV can be soothing.
We have to get our happiness where we can find it. If you have lost the ability to find any pleasure in your daily routine or the people around you, something deeper is going on. 39
Think about the times when you were at your happiest. That may sound a little awkward.
We can’t allow natural and normal emotional low points to rule our lives, but we can’t ignore them either. They must be processed, so we can move on.
A. Talk with your friends and try to find your happiness from them.
B. But if you are going through a really difficult time, none of these may be right.
C. You’d better get yourself checked out by a medical doctor.
D. Here are some techniques that have helped me and many people.
E. Getting close to nature can help cheer you up.
F. But doing this actually sends chemicals to your brain, and it can make you feel better.
G. Looking at water while in nature can be calming.
A small boy had been waiting the whole day for his father to come home, for his mother was too busy to 41 . When his father finally opened the 42 , the boy ran to meet him. “Daddy! Now we can play!” He hugged his father.
The man hugged his son and walked into the living room. He lay down on the sofa and 43 his eyes.
“Daddy! Come and play!” The boy grabbed his arm and pulled. “Daddy is too 44 to play,” the man said.
The little boy just stood and stared at his father. “Daddy!” His voice was 45 . The father reached his arm and took a(n) 46 from the table. He ripped out a page that had a map of a country on it, 47 it into small bits, then gave them to his son. “Here, 48 this puzzle back together. I’ll play with you after you’ve finished.” The boy took the 49 and ran off.
After just a few 50 , the father felt his son tugging on his arm. “Daddy! I put the puzzle pieces together! Now come and play!” The man opened his eyes. His son was holding the
51 , the pieces carefully taped together.
“How did you 52 to do that so fast?” he asked as he sat up. He looked at the map. It was 53 , no mistakes.
“There was a picture on the other side,” the boy answered. The father turned the page. True enough—a photo of a 54 was on the other side.
“I turned the puzzle pieces 55 . I did the dog puzzle instead and when I turned the page, the 56 was there too!”
The man looked at his son as he stood there 57 . He couldn’t help but smile too. “OK. What do you want to play?”
We are often stuck in 58 ways, when we could really do with thinking 59 . So the next time you are faced with a dilemma, 60 what you would do if you were still a child. Think outside the box, and it might just suddenly give you a brand new point of view.
41. A. rest B. play C. work D. cook
42. A. window B. door C. garage D. handbag
43. A. opened B. rolled C. caught D. closed
44. A. busy B. sad C. tired D. nervous
45. A. questioning B. relaxing C. exciting D. needy
46. A. novel B. dictionary C. album D. magazine
47. A. tore B. separated C. cut D. divided
48. A. mix B. hold C. pick D. put
49. A. present B. pieces C. glue D. scissor
50. A. minutes B. seconds C. days D. hours
51. A. page B. gift C. box D. book
52. A. plan B. expect C. manage D. agree
53. A. funny B. perfect C. clean D. different
54. A. dog B. map C. cat D. boy
55. A. upside B. down C. around D. on
56. A. puzzle B. scene C. map D. picture
57. A. joking B. clapping C. smiling D. staring
58. A. similar B. traditional C. unusual D. modern
59. A. quickly B. carefully C. confidently D. differently
60. A. consider B. forget C. guess D. describe
Since childhood, I 61 （see）action movies starring Bruce Lee and Jackie Chen, and I was always curious to learn the martial arts. 62 there is China, there is kung fu. Once I arrived in China, my dream was 63 (learn) tai chi and kung fu and master the techniques of martial arts.
After my arrival on campus（校园） on the first day, I went for a walk in the early morning. There were some older people 64 (practise) tai chi slowly. I stopped and watched their movements closely. It attracted me and the very next day I rushed to the teacher’s office to choose tai chi as my 65 (option) course. The following week I was on the grounds early in the morning with my classmates. The teacher told us tai chi 66 (favor) for its health benefits and that the movement of the body is related 67 the yin and yang forces.
The main 68 (rule) that the teacher taught us were attitude, self-discipline and balance. I was taking every bit of the training 69 (serious) and trying to keep my balance, which was difficult. However, as the teacher puts it, our attitude, our willingness and our action will make 70 impossible possible.
第四部分 写 作（共两节；满分35分）
注意： 1、 每处错误及其修改均限一词；
Last Saturday, our school had organized an activity to visit the children at a local orphanage. As one of the volunteer, I took part in it. We took many books as well many kinds of school supplies and toys to the children. They were delighting to receive the gifts. In the morning, we played some games with them where we used to play in our childhood. Then we cooked and had lunch here. In the afternoon, we gave them some performances. Before leaving the orphanage, we had photos take with them and gave them our contact details so that they could keep in touch with one another. Each of us had the happy time. We gave the children our care and help, but in return, they gave us their smiles and love.
I am sorry to hear that you failed to pass HSK._____________________________________
听 力：1-5 ABCAB 6-10 ACCBA 11-15 CBBAC 16-20 BCBAA
阅读理解：21—23 ACD 24—27 ABAD 28—31 BBDA
32—35 DCBC 36—40 BDGCF
完形填空：41-45 BBDCD 46-50 DADBA 51-55 ACBAC 56-60 CCBDA
语法填空：61. have seen 62.Where 63. to learn 64. practising/practicing 65. optional
66. is favored 67. to 68.rules 69. seriously 70. the
Last Saturday, our school had organized an activity to visit the children at a local orphanage.
As one of the volunteer, I took part in it. We took many books as well ∧many kinds of school
supplies and toys to the children. They were delighting to receive the gifts. In the morning, we
played some games with them where we used to play in our childhood. Then we cooked and had
lunch here. In the afternoon, we gave them some performances. Before leaving the orphanage, we
had photos take with them and gave them our contact details so that they could keep in touch with
one another. Each of us had the happy time. We gave the children our care and help, but in return,
they gave us their smiles and love.
One possible version
I am sorry to hear that you failed to pass HSK. Hopefully, the unexpected failure won’t let you down, for I have still been amazed by the excellent Chinese you spoke when we first met.
As we all know, language learning is never an easy task but needs constant efforts and patience. In my opinion, it’s a great way to pay close attention to the formal use of Chinese words and expressions by reading newspapers and magazines, which really counts. Meanwhile, using some Chinese-learning mobile apps to study as much as possible benefits you well. More importantly, you should learn from the mistakes that you have made before. If so, I’m sure you’ll make rapid progress and pass HSK soon.
Wish you good luck! (113 words)
M: Did you turn the dryer off? My clothes weren’t dry yet.
W: No, I didn’t. Maybe the power went out.
M: Yeah, the refrigerator isn’t working. Oh, I guess I’ll just have to put on a dirty shirt.
M: It’s said that there are only a few seats left at the concert tonight.
W: Really? I was under the impression that the tickets had sold out a long time ago.
W: Where are the clean towels? They’re usually over there by the front desk.
M: We’re out of them at the moment, but we should have them back soon.
W: Okay. Also, I think the running machine may be broken. It won’t turn on.
M: I’ll check it on soon. I just need to finish teaching an exercise class.
W: Will you take part in the football match Saturday?
M: That’s the day after tomorrow. I’m afraid not. I have to prepare for the math exam next week.
M: Did you see that movie last night? I think it was fantastic.
W: Really? I didn’t think there was anything special about it.
M: How do you like this brown dress? It looks great on you.
W: I think it’s a bit too heavy. Since it’s getting warmer at this time of the year, I want something light. What other kinds of material do you have?
M: We have silk and cotton dresses. A cotton dress is suitable in spring. We have many different kinds. What color would you like? I think yellow or green would be good choices for you.
W: I would like the white one.
M: Lily, don’t you think the scholarship from New York University is something great? Why
did you decline this offer?
W: I do realize the value of the scholarship. But my mother doesn’t want me to go overseas.
W: You know, I’m the only child in the family. My mother will be living alone most of the time. For the next three years in my absence. She cannot even think of it.
M: Nobody to take care of her?
W: My father travels a lot to many countries and he is doing business in Dubai now. I have to do a lot for my mom at home.
M: Oh, I see. You are very considerate.
M: You don’t look so good. What’s going on?
W: I’m just stressed out. I’m trying out for a role in a movie tomorrow.
M: Really? What movie?
W: It’s a comedy. I’m preparing for the part of Mrs. Spencer. She’s an old lady that has a lot of
cats and never leaves her house.
M: You’re not that old, though.
W: You’d be surprised what they can do with make-up these days. Anyway, I have to say my lines in front of the director without using notes, so I have to remember everything.
M: You’ll do great. This is not your first time acting. You’ve been doing it since you were little.
W: I know, but it’s my first time trying out for a big movie. I’ve only tried out for plays and
commercials in the past.
M: We should go out to dinner to take your mind off things.
W: How about Japanese food? It always calms me down.
M: Sounds good!
W: How’s school going, Tom?
M: Just fine. I was finally admitted to graduate school.
W: Great! Are you going to do a doctor’s degree?
M: Yes. I’m going to do a doctorate in chemistry.
W: That sounds like a difficult field.
M: It is interesting to me.
W: You’ve got a degree in nuclear physics, haven’t you?
M: Just a master’s degree, actually. I think chemistry is a lot better for me. I’ve always preferred chemistry to physics.
W: Well, you’ve got some years of hard study ahead of you.
M: That’s right. What about you, Linda? I heard you will soon finish your bachelor’s degree in literature.
W: That’s right. I’ve always dreamed of being an excellent writer.
The Huawei Watch is a smart watch for Android Wear. The watch was first announced on March 1st, 2015 at the Mobile World Congress, and officially released in Berlin on September 2nd, 2015. Although it looks more like a traditional watch than a smart watch, it has built-in Wi-Fi and Bluetooth and support Google Now voice commands. It also has a heart rate monitor, 4GB of storage, and more than 4,000 apps to choose from in the Google Play Store. It can also receive texts and emails, make and receive calls. Users describe the watch as beautiful, fashionable, and comfortable. However, some users have complained about its high price, short battery life, large body, and the fact that it doesn’t have GPS. The watch face is also hard to see at times, especially in the sun. Because the brightness doesn’t change automatically, users must set it themselves when going inside or outside. The watch comes in gold, silver, or black, and users can pick from 50 different watch faces that either come pre-loaded or can be downloaded from Google Play.