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2016年新课标高二英语暑假作业9(带答案)

高二英语假期检测题九
第一部分  阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)
第一节(共15小题:每小题2分,满分30分)
   阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在机读答题卷上将该项涂黑。
A
The easy way out isn’t always the easiest. I learned that lesson when I decided to treat Doug, my husband of one month, to a special meal. I glanced through my cook book and chose a menu which included homemade bread. Knowing the bread would take time, I started on it as soon as Doug left for work. As I was not experienced in cooking, I thought if a dozen was good, two dozen would be better, so I doubled everything.
As Doug loved oranges, I also opened a can of orange and poured it all into the bowl. Soon there was a sticky dough (生面团) covered with ugly yellowish marks. Realizing I had been defeated, I put the dough in the rubbish bin outside so I wouldn’t have to face Doug laughing at my work.
I went on preparing the rest of the meal, and, when Doug got home, we sat down to Cornish chicken with rice. He tried to enjoy the meal but seemed disturbed. Twice he got up and went outside, saying he thought he heard a noise. The third time he left, I went to the window to see what he was doing. Looking out, I saw Doug standing about three feet from the rubbish bin, holding the lid up with a stick and looking into the container.
When I came out of the house, he dropped the stick and explained that there was something alive in our rubbish bin. Picking up the stick again, he held the lid up enough for me to see. I felt cold. But I stepped closer and looked harder. Without doubt it was my work. The hot sun had caused the dough to double in size and the fermenting yeast (酵母) made the surface shake and sigh as if it were breathing. I had to admit what the living thing was and why it was there. I didn’t know who was more embarrassed by the whole thing—Doug or me.
1. The author’s purpose in writing this story is __________.
   A. to show the easiest way out of a difficulty
   B. to tell an interesting experience
C. to describe how easy it was to make bread
   D. to explain the difficulty of learning to cook from books
2. When Doug went out the third time, the woman looked out of the window because she was ___________.
   A. surprised at his being interested in the bin  
B. afraid that he would discover her secret
   C. unhappy that he didn’t enjoy the meal     
D. curious to know what disturbed him
3. What made the dough in the rubbish bin look frightening?
   A. The shaking and sighing movement.    B. The strange-looking appearance.
   C. A small dog inside the bin.      D. A snake inside the bin.
B
Let children learn to judge their own work. A child learning to talk does not learn by being corrected all the time: if corrected too much, he will stop talking. He notices a thousand times a day the difference between the language he uses and the language those around him use. Bit by bit, he makes the necessary changes to make his language like other people’s. In the same way, children learn to do all the other things: they learn to do without being taught to walk, run, climb, whistle, ride a bicycle, compare their own performances with those of more skilled people, and slowly make the needed changes.
But in school we never give a child a chance to find out his mistakes and correct them for himself. We do it all for him. We act as if we thought that he would never notice a mistake unless it was pointed out to him, or correct it unless he was made to. Let him work out, with the help of other children if he wants it, what this word says, what the answer is to that problem, whether this is a good way of saying or doing this or not.
If it is a matter of right answer, as it may be in mathematics or science, give him the answer book. Let him correct his own papers. Why should we teachers waste time on such routine (常规) work? Our job should be to help the child when he tells us that he can’t find the way to get the right answer. Let the children learn what all educated persons must some day learn, how to measure their own understanding, and how to know what they know or do not know.
4. According to the passage, the best way for children to learn things is by __________.
A. listening to skilled people’s advice
B. asking older people many questions
C. making mistakes and having them corrected
D. doing what other people do
5. Which of the following does the author think teachers should NOT do?
A. Give children correct answers.         B. Allow children to make mistakes.
C. Point out children’s mistakes to them.   D. Let children mark their own work.
6. According to the author, teachers in school should __________.
A. allow children to learn from each other
B. point out children’s mistakes whenever found
C. give children more book knowledge
D. correct children’s mistakes as soon as possible
7. The passage suggests that learning to speak and learning to ride a bicycle are __________.
A. different from learning other skills      B. the same as learning skills
C. more important than other skills        D. not really important skills
C
Here’s this week’s list of four open jobs throughout the local area. Whether you’re unemployed and need a job or you are just sick of the one you have, Roswell Patch wants to help. We know new jobs can be hard to come by these days, which is why we’ll try to post a selection of jobs we’ve found in the area on the site each week. Happy hunting!
Part-time Spanish Instructor-World Language Institute, Inc. – Roswell.
World Language Institute, Inc. in Roswell is currently hiring a part-time, native-speaking Spanish instructor. Applicants must be able to pass a background check and drive a 15-passenger bus to pick up students from several schools, from 2 p.m.–6 p.m. Monday-Friday. The position pays $ 10 per hour. Click here and more information about the job will appear on the screen.
Experienced Servers – Chili’s – Alpharetta
Chili’s in Alpharetta is seeking experienced servers to add to its team. Qualifications will include being clean and neat and having great attitude and customer service skills. The pay is $ 2.13 per hour, plus tips. Stop by the store to fill out an application. Here is the button for more information.
Registered Nurse-North Fulton Regional Hospital-Roswell
North Fulton Regional Hospital is looking for a RN/Registered Nurse to fill a 12-hour night shift. Applicants must be registered and previous hospital experience is preferred. This button will lead you to further information about the position online.
Software Engineer-ControlScan-Alpharetta
ControlScan in Alpharetta is hiring a software engineer. Applicants should have five or more years of relevant experience, as well as advanced knowledge of computer technology. Pay is commensurate (相称) with experience. More information about the position can be found if you click here.
8. Where can we most probably read the passage?
A. On a website.    B. In a newspaper.   C. In a magazine.    D. In a textbook.
9. What does the underlined word “sick” (Para.1) mean?
A. Ill.             B. Bored.          C. Absent.         D. Unfamiliar
10. World Language Institute, Inc. is looking for _________.
A. a full-time school bus driver.          B. a full-time Spanish teacher.
C. a part-time Spanish teacher.           D. a Spanish sales manager.
11. Who will mainly work at night?
A. Robert, hired by ControlScan.         B. John, hired by World Language Institute. Inc.
C. Sally, hired by Chili’s.               D. Jane, hired by North Fulton Regional Hospital.
D
The meaning of silence varies among cultural groups. Silences may be thoughtful, or they may be empty when a person has nothing to say. A silence in a conversation may also show stubbornness, or worry. Silence may be viewed by some cultural groups as extremely uncomfortable; therefore attempts may be made to fill every gap(间隙)with conversation. Persons in other cultural groups value silence and view it as necessary for understanding a persons needs.
Many Native Americans value silence and feel it is a basic part of communicating among people, just as some traditional Chinese and Thai persons do. Therefore, when a person from one of these cultures is speaking and suddenly stops, what maybe implied(暗示) is that the person wants the listener to consider what has been said before continuing. In these cultures, silence is a call for reflection.
Other cultures may use silence in other ways, particularly when dealing with conflicts among people or in relationships of people with different amounts of power. For example, Russian, French, and Spanish persons may use silence to show agreement between parties about the topic under discussion. However, Mexicans may use silence when instructions are given by a person in authority rather than be rude to that person by arguing with him or her. In still another use, persons in Asian cultures may view silence as a sign of respect, particularly to an elder or a person in authority.
Nurses and other care-givers need to be aware of the possible meanings of silence when they come across the personal anxiety their patients may be experiencing. Nurses should recognize their own personal and cultural construction of silence so that a patient’s silence is not interrupted too early or allowed to go on unnecessarily. A nurse who understands the healing(治愈) value of silence can use this understanding to assist in the care of patients from their own and from other cultures.
12. What does the author say about silence in conversations?
A. It implies anger.
B. It promotes friendship.
C. It is culture-specific.
D. It is content-based.
13. Which of the following people might regard silence as a call for careful thought?
A. The Chinese.
B. The French.
C. The Mexicans.
D. The Russians.
14. What does the author advise nurses to do about silence?
A. Let it continue as the patient pleases.
B. Break it while treating patients.
C. Evaluate its harm to patients.
D. Make use of its healing effects.
15. What may be the best title for the text?
A. Sound and Silence
B. What It Means to Be Silent
C. Silence to Native Americans
D. Speech Is Silver; Silence Is Gold
第二节(共5小题:每小题2分,满分10分)
根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项,并在机读答题卷上将该项涂黑。选项中有两项为多余选项。
Mr. Templat was a teacher that I will never forget.        16        At that time, as a girl, I hated it when my parents asked me directly about my problems, making me more uncomfortable. I also remember many times when Mr. Templat would take me aside and talk to me. He had a special way of drawing out what the problem was.        17        
       18        We always got the highest marks in math in our grade with his teaching. If there was a big world ball game on the radio, we would drop everything and he would put the game on so we could all enjoy it. That’s just the way he is.
Teens often hear things on TV or from adults about world problems that can frighten them. Now it is terrorism. Back in my teen years, it was the cold war.        19        Mr. Templat knew how much it troubled his students. One day he even opened the subject up to discussion. He gave us a way to express our greatest fears and helped us understand war and politics. “One can feel afraid however brave he is.” We were told.
       20        When I think back to those special days, I appreciate that he helped me through such a difficult time in my life.
  A. Every time he talked with me, I felt better.
  B. Such a good teacher was Mr. Templat.
  C. I truly believe the teen years were the hardest time of my life.
  D. It made me sad that my family would leave the city soon.
  E. It worried me so much that I thought each day would be my last.
  F. Mr. Templat always encouraged us to go back to nature.
  G. He had a way of making his classes enjoyable, too.

第二部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)
第一节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)
阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在机读答题卷上将该项涂黑。
Hundreds of people have formed impressions of you through that little device(装置)on your desk. And they’ve never actually  21 you. Everything they know about you  22 through this device, sometimes from hundreds of miles away.  23  they feel they can know you  24  from the sound of your voice. That’s how powerful the  25 is.
    Powerful, yes, but not always  26 . For years I dealt with my travel agent only by phone. Rani, my faceless agent whom I’d never met  27 , got me rock-bottom prices on airfares, cars, and hotels. But her cold voice really  28 me. I sometimes wished to  29  another agent.
    One morning, I had to  30  an immediate flight home for a family emergency. I ran into Rani’s office  31 . The woman sitting at the desk,  32  my madness, sympathetically jumped up. She gave me a  33  smile, nodded while listening patiently, and then printed out the  34 immediately. “What a wonderful lady!” I thought.
    Rushing out  35 I called out over my shoulder, “By the way, what’s your name?” “I’m Rani,” she said. I turned around and saw a  36 woman with a big smile on her face waving to wish me a safe trip. I was  37 ! Why had I thought she was cold? Rani was, well, so  38  .
    Sitting back in the car on the way to the airport, I figured it all out. Rani’s  39 ---her warm smile, her nods, her ‘I’m here for you’  40 ---were all silent signals that didn’t travel through wires.
21. A. accepted      B. noticed      C. heard      D. met
22. A. came      B. moved      C. ran       D. developed
23. A. Thus               B. Yet       C. Then           D. Indeed
24. A. rather              B. also            C. just      D. already
25. A. Telephone   B. voice     C. connection    D. impression
26. A. direct     B. useful     C. easy      D. accurate
27. A. in person     B. by myself     C. in public     D. on purpose
28. A. annoyed     B. interested     C. discouraged    D. confused
29. A. promote     B. train      C. find      D. know
30. A. arrange     B. postpone     C. confirm     D. book
31. A. for the first time   B. at any time    C. from time to time   D. in good time
32. A. expecting     B. seeing      C. testing      D. avoiding
33. A. shy       B. comforting     C. familiar     D. forced
34. A. bill      B. form     C. ticket     D. list
35. A. hopefully      B. disappointedly    C. gratefully     D. regretfully
36. A. careful      B. serious     C. nervous     D. pleasant
37. A. amused     B. worried     C. helpless     D. speechless
38. A. calm      B. nice      C. proud      D. clever
39. A. forgiveness    B. eagerness     C. friendliness    D. skillfulness
40. A. explanation     B. attitude      C. concept      D. Behavior

第II卷
第三部分  英语知识运用
第二节 语法填空 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)
Online shopping has been gaining popularity in the recent years. But  41         are the advantages and disadvantages of it?
     42          (Obvious), online shopping has a lot of advantages.  43         (Begin) with, it’s a convenient way to purchase goods. People can buy things without going out. Moreover, goods online are usually sold at lower prices  44            in conventional stores. Last but not  45            (little), you can see other customers’ comments,  46          can help you make choices.
    Nevertheless, as every coin has two sides, shopping online also has disadvantages. For one thing, it is very hard to tell  47           or not the goods are fake. For another, customers may lose some  48           (please) of shopping because they can’t try or check the goods before  49          (buy) them. Additionally, it’s not safe to pay online. Your passwords can        50            (steal).
    As for me, the advantages of online shopping outweigh its disadvantages. We should learn to make the best use of it and prevent losses.

第三部分  写作(共三节,满分35分)
第一节 短文改错(共10小题,每小题1分,满分10分)
假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。作文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
增加:在缺词处加一个漏子符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。
修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
删除:把多余的词用()划掉。
注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;
2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。
No one can deal with all the problems where they meet on their own. We need advices from others sometimes, especially from our older generations.
I didn’t knew which subject to major in the university at first. I’d like choose English because I had a strong desire of language learn. But my parents hoped that I could spend more time studying the science. The other day, I went to see your uncle, who advised me to have a heart-to-heart talk with my parents honest.
My uncle was right. My parents understood me but accepted my final choice.
Remember: Turn to your older generations for advice. They will not make you disappointing.

第二节 书面表达(满分25分)
高中学习任务非常繁重,因此同学们对于参加学校活动有着不同的看法。请以Taking Part in School Activities为题,根据下表提示,并结合自己的见闻,用英语写一篇100词左右的短文。
文章开头已经给出,不计入总词数。
现象与看法 观点与理由
40% 很感兴趣 1.从课本上学习并不是唯一的任务,应该争取每个机会来获得实践知识;
2.长时间学习之后,可以通过参加学校活动来放松自己。
60% 不愿参加 1.应该充分利用时间来学习;
2.学校活动与他们未来的发展没有什么关系。
我的看法 …… (至少两点)

                         Taking Part in School Activities 
Nowadays high school students are occupied with their studies, so students’ opinions on whether they should take part in school activities differ as follows.
______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


高二英语假期检测题九答案
阅读理解:1—5 BDADC 6—10 ABABC    11—15 D C A D B   16—20 CAGEB
完形填空:21-25. DABCA   26-30. DAACD   31-35. A BBCC   36-40. DDBCB
语法填空:41. what     42. Obviously    43. To begin     44. than      45. least   
46. which    47. whether      48. pleasure     49. buying    50. be stolen
短文改错:1. where—that(此处不用which因为前有all) 或去掉where   2. advices—advice  
3. knew—know  4. choose前加 to  5. learn—learning   6. 去掉science 前的the
          7. your—my  8. honest—honestly  9. but—and  10. disappointing—disappointed

书面表达参考范文:
                        Taking Part in School Activities
    Nowadays high school students are occupied with their studies, so students’ opinions on whether they should take part in school activities differ as follows.
    40% of the students are in favor of such activities. They think that learning from textbooks is not their only task. They should take every chance to get some practical knowledge. Also, after long hours of study, they can get refreshed and relaxed by taking part in school activities.
    However, more students are against the idea. They are convinced that their time should be spent on studies. Besides, they feel that school activities have little to do with their further development.
    In my opinion, I prefer the first view. For one thing, we can learn a great deal from such activities. For another, many qualities are required of young students, so only learning from textbooks isn’t enough.           (117 words)

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