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2016年新课标高二英语暑假作业8(附答案)

高二英语假期检测题八
第一部分 阅读(共两节,满分30分)
第一节 阅读理解(共10小题;每小题2分,满分20分)
阅读下列四篇短文,从每小题后所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该选项涂黑。
                                 A
You probably know who Marie Curie was, but you may not have heard of Rachel Carson. Of the outstanding ladies listed below, who do you think was the most important woman of the past 100 years?
Jane Addams(1860-1935)
Anyone who has ever been helped by a social worker has Jane Addams to thank. Addams helped the poor and worked for peace. She encouraged a sense of community(社区)by creating shelters and promoting education and services for people in need In 1931,Addams became the first American woman to win the Nobel Peace Prize.
Rachel Carson(1907-1964)
If it weren’t for Rachel Carson, the environmental movement might not exist today. Her popular 1962 book Silent Spring raised awareness of the dangers of pollution and the harmful effects of chemicals on humans and on the world’s lakes and oceans.
Sandra Day O’Connor(1930-present)
When Sandra Day O’Connor finished third in her class at Stanford Law School, in 1952,she could not find work at a law firm because she was a woman. She became an Arizona state senator(参议员) and ,in 1981, the first woman to join the  U.S. Supreme Court. O’Connor gave the deciding vote in many important cases during her 24 years on the top court.
Rosa Parks(1913-2005)
On December 1,1955, in Montgomery, Alabama, Rasa Parks would not give up her seat on a bus to a passenger. Her simple act landed Parks in prison. But it also set off the Montgomery bus boycott. It lasted for more than a year, and kicked off the civil-rights movement. “The only tired I was, was tired of giving in,” said Parks.
1.What is Jane Addams noted for in history?
A. Her social work.
B. Her lack of proper training in law.
C. Her efforts to win a prize.
D. Her community background.
2. What is the reason for O’Connor’s being rejected by the law firm?
A. Her lack of proper training in law.
B. Her little work experience in court.
C. The discrimination against women.
D. The poor financial conditions.
3. Who made a great contribution to the civil-rights movement in the US?
A. Jane Addams.   B. Rachel Carson.     C. Sandra Day O’Connor. D. Rosa Parks.
4. What can we infer about the women mentioned in the text?
A. They are highly educated.     B. They are truly creative.
C. They are pioneers.           D. They are peace-lovers.

B
   I am peter Hodes, a volunteer stem courier. Since  March 2012, Ive done 89 trips of those , 51 have been abroad, I have 42 hours to carry stem cells(干细胞)in my little box because Ive got two ice packs and thats how long they last, in all, from the time the stem cells are harvested from a donor(捐献者) to the time they can be implanted in the patient, we’ve got 72 hours at most, So I am always conscious of time.
I had one trip last year where I was caught by a hurricane in America. I picked up the stem cells in Providence, Rhode Island, and was meant to fly to Washington then back to London. But when I arrived at the check-in desk at Providence, the lady on the desk said: “Well, I’m really sorry, I’ve got some bad news for you-there are no fights from W ashington.” So I took my box and put it on the desk and I said: “In this box are some stem cells that are urgently needed for a patient-please, please, you’ve got to get me back to the United Kingdom.” She just dropped everything. She arranged for a flight on a small plane to be held for mere-routed(改道)me through Newark and got me back to the UK even earlier than originally scheduled.
For this courier job, you’re consciously aware than that box you’re got something that is potentially going to save somebody’s life.
5.Which of the following can replace the underlined word “courier” in Paragraph17
A .provider                        B. delivery man
C .collector                        D. medical doctor
6. Why does Peter have to complete his trip within 42hours?
A. He cannot stay away from his job too long.
B. The donor can only wait for that long.
C. The operation needs that very much.
D. The ice wont last any longer.
7. Which flight did the woman put Peter on first?
A. To London        B. To Newark    C. To Providence        D. To Washington

C
Grandparents Answer a Call
As a third generation native of Brownsville, Texas, Mildred Garza never pleased move away,. Even when her daughter and son asked her to move to San Antonio to help their children, she politely refused. Only after a year of friendly discussion did Ms Gaf finally say yes. That was four years ago. Today all three generations regard the move to a success, giving them a closer relationship than they would have had in separate cities.
No statistics show the number of grandparents like Garza who are moving closer to the children and grandchildren. Yet there is evidence suggesting that the trend is growing. Even President Obama’s mother-in-law, Marian Robinson, has agreed to leave Chicago and into the White House to help care for her granddaughters. According to a study grandparents com. 83 percent of the people said Mrs. Robinson ‘s decision will influence the grandparents in the American family. Two-thirds believe more families will follow the example of Obama’s family.
“in the 1960s we were all a little wild and couldn’t get away from home far enough fast enough to prove we could do it on our own,” says Christine Crosby, publisher of grate magazine for grandparents .We now realize how important family is and how important”” to be near them, especially when you’re raining children.”
 Moving is not for everyone. Almost every grandparent wants to be with his or her grandchildren and is willing to make sacrifices, but sometimes it is wiser to say no and visit frequently instead. Having your grandchildren far away is hard, especially knowing your adult child is struggling, but giving up the life you know may be harder.
8. Why was Garza’s move a success?
A.It strengthened her family ties.
B.It improved her living conditions.
C.It enabled her make more friends.
D.It helped her know more new places.
9. What was the reaction of the public to Mrs. Robinson’s decision?
A.17% expressed their support for it.
B.Few people responded sympathetically.
C.83% believed it had a bad influence.
D.The majority thought it was a trend.
10. What did Crosby say about people in the 1960s?
A.They were unsure of raise more children.
B.They were eager to raise more children.
C.They wanted to live away from their parents.
D.They bad little respect for their grandparent.
11. What does the author suggest the grandparents do in the lasr paragraph?
   A. Make decisions in the best interests of their own
   B. Ask their children to pay more visits to them
   C. Sacrifice for their struggling children
   D. Get to know themselves better
D
University — the best days of my life! I made lots of friends in my student dorm, went to great parties, joined the debating society…and, well, I did some work too — but I must admit my lecturers were very patient with my tardiness(拖拉).
Its easy to look back at our university days through rose-tinted spectacles but the truth is that when we first arrived on campus, most of us were out of our comfort zone.
In fact, a survey of students at Imperial College London has revealed that 3 out of 4 students experience high levels of stress, or a mental health condition, during their time at college. The survey, completed by over a thousand students, also found that 70% of those that experience stress do so at least once a week, and 9% of students feel stressed constantly.
Kirsty, a student at Exeter University, didnt enjoy her first days in college. She says: “When I first got to university I dont think Id realized that Id forgotten how to make friends. Id been with the same school friends for seven years, and so I was trying to balance social success with academic success while learning how to look after myself at quite a young age.”
Dr Ruth Caleb of the counseling service at Brunel University in London has some tips that should make life easier for students before they set off for university. She says: “Certain things that I think it would be very helpful for students to have put in place are an ability to do the practical things of life – to do the washing, to do the cleaning and so on — being able to cook. Budgeting is extremely important in university life.” And Caleb adds: “You should learn how to spend time on your own comfortably.”
I graduated and learnt how to take care of myself the hard way. I hope that new students these days remember to acquire some life skills before they make the big jump.
12. Which of the following is closest in meaning to the underlined part in Paragraph 2?
A. rose-shaped glasses    B. positive perspectives
C. negative sides      D. flower-like tools
13. What did Kirsty find most difficult to do during her first days in college?
A. Not knowing how to make new friends.
B. Not realizing the importance of making friends.
C. Looking after herself at quite an early age.
D. Trying to achieve academic success.
14. Which of the following tips are helpful or important EXCEPT _____ according to Dr. Ruth Caleb?
A. having the ability to cook    
B. being able to do the cleaning
C. learning how to spend money on one’s own
D. balancing social success and academic success
15. What does the author probably mean by saying “I graduated and learnt how to take care of myself the hard way”?
A. He quickly adapted to the new environment when he first arrived on campus.
B. He graduated from college with many achievements.
C. It might have taken him some time to get used to college life.
D. It might have made him proud by leading an independent life at college.
第二节:七选五(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)
根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。
Everyone knows that fish is good for health.  16  But it seems that many people don’t cook fish at home. Americans eat only about fifteen pounds of fish per person per year, but we eat twice as much fish in restaurants as at home. Buying, storing, and cooking fish isn’t difficult.  17  This text is about how to buy and cook fish in an easy way.
   18   Fresh fish should smell sweet: you should feel that you’re standing at the ocean’s edge. Any fishy or strong smell means the fish isn’t fresh.   19  When you have bought a fish and arrive home, you’d better store the fish in the refrigerator if you don’t cook it immediately, but fresh fish should be stored in your fridge for only a day or two. Frozen fish isn’t as tasty as the fresh one.
There are many common methods used to cook fish.   20   First, lean it and season it with your choice of spices(调料). Put the whole fish on a plate and steam it in a steam pot for 8 to 10 minutes if it weighs about one pound. (A larger one will take more time.) Then, it’s ready to serve.
A. Do not buy it.
B. The easiest is to steam it.
C. This is how you can do it.
D. It just requires a little knowledge.
E. The fish will go bad within hours.
F. When buying fish, you should first smell it.
G. The fats in fish are thought to help prevent heart disease.
第二部分:英语知识运用
第一节:完形填空(共20小题;每小题1分,满分20分)
阅读下面短文,掌握其大意, 然后从36-55各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,
选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该选项标号涂黑。
   My grandparents lived in a town in Michigan .Every summer I stayed with them as a young child .I came from the city but loved the small  21  they lived in. People knew everyone else,their kids,their pets and their ancestors. The bond with them  22  to grow as I grew older.
   My grandma was  23  at making something exciting by hand. She would make little sandwiches and wed have tea parties. Shed  24  flowers and carefully tend them. Shed  25  sweaters for her grandchildren as well as making beautiful  26  for each one. I remember the small thimble(顶针) she would use while doing her needlework. . 27  her thimble on her finger,shed remark: “I wouldnt want to sew without one.”
   A few years ago my grandma  28  at the age of 91.After attending her funeral,I realized how  29  our lives had changed. I missed her very much. When my birthday came,I was feeling  30  because there was no card from my grandma .But what happened later made me feel that she was  31  that special day with me. While I was arranging some  32  pillows that my grandma had made,I  33   felt something inside one pillow .It was small and  34 .I moved the object to a seam(接缝) and I carefully opened it. To my  35  ,out came a tiny silver thimble!
   How  36   I was to find something that had been a part of her. Not realizing it had fallen off her finger,my grandma  37  it in that little pillow for me. I carefully laid the thimble along with the other things I had  38  over the years,which reminded me of the pleasant  39  of her.
   I heated the tea kettle and made some  40 ,using my best china,as my grandma always did,and enjoyed my tea and my grandmas thimble. What a wonderful birthday that was!
21.A .building         B.town            C.house            D. cottage
22.A. managed        B.intended         C.stopped           D. continued
23.A .good            B.angry           C.mad             D.poor
24.A .watch           B.pick            C.plant             D.cut
25.A. mend           B.knit             C.wash             D.buy
26.A .books           B.houses          C.bikes             D.quilts
27.A. Placing         B.Buying          C.Collecting         D.Removing
28.A .called on         B.fell ill           C.passed away     D.dropped in
29.A .slightly         B.quickly          C.shamefully         D.slowly
30.A .surprised        B.worried          C.excited            D.upset
31.A .sharing          B.thinking         C.planning           D.wasting
32.A .tiresome         B.ugly            C.colorful            D.broken
33.A .eagerly          B.suddenly        C.carelessly           D.gladly
34.A. neat            B.difficult          C.soft               D.hard
35.A .delight         B.embarrassment    C.disappointment      D.sadness  
36.A. ashamed         B.proud            C.happy          D.clever
37.A. mixed           B.sewed           C.hid               D.stored
38.A .learned          B.designed         C.saved             D.collected
39.A. memory         B.book            C.letter              D.clothes
40.A .cookies         B.meals            C.tea                D.coffee
第二节:短文填空 (共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容或填入括号中单词的适当形式。
Chengdu has dozens of new millionaires, Asia ’s biggest building, and fancy new hotels. But for tourists like me, pandas are its top____41_(attract).
     So it was a great  honour to be invited backstage at the not-for-profit Panda Base, where ticket money helps pay for research, I_____42   _(allow)to get up close to these cute animals at the 600-acre centre. From tomorrow, I will be their UK ambassador. The title will be __  43___(official) given to me at a ceremony in London. But my connection with pandas goes back ____44  __ my days on a TV show in the mid-1980s, ____45_   I was the first Western TV reporter__46___ (permit) to film a special unit caring for pandas rescued from starvation in the wild. My ambassadorial duties will include __47_ (introduce) British visitors to the 120-plus pandas at Chengdu and others at a research in the misty mou ntains of Bifengxia.
     On my recent visit, I help a lively three-month-old twin that had been rejected by ___48   _ (it) mother. The nursery team switches him every few __49__( day) with his sister so that while one is being bottle-fed, __50___ other is with mum-she never suspects.
第三部分:  写作(共两节;满分20分)
第一节  短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
Dear Jim,
      So glad that you are interested in my new flat. Now I would like tell you something about it. Locating in the north of the city, this Residential Center is small with only six building. My flat, which covers the area of 36 square meters, is in the fourth floor in Building 2. It consisted of a sitting room, a bedroom, a kitchen and a toilet. When you enter into the flat, you will find yourself in the sitting room. The sitting room is the part that I like best, because it is brightly with a lovely balcony, which I can enjoy the beautiful garden below. Although my flat is small, I like them very much because it is comfortable.
       Best regards,
Yours,
                                                                           Li Hua
第二节: 书面表达(满分10分)
某国际网站提供个人闲置物品交换服务。现在,你打算通过该网站将自己的一件闲置物品与他人交换(exchange)。请你用英文在该网站上发帖,发布物品交换信息。内容应包括:
•你将拿出什么物品进行交换
•具体介绍该物品
•你希望换回什么物品
•请愿意交换的朋友给你留言
注意:(1)词数100左右;
(2)格式不限;
(3)文中不得使用考生真实姓名和学校名称。


高二英语假期检测八题答案
阅读理解1 -4  A C D.C   5-7.B D.B  8-11 ADCA  12-15BADC
        16-20.GDFAB
完形填空;36-40 BDACB    41-45 DACBD   46-50  ACBDA 51-55 CBDAC
语法填空:
61. attraction  62.  was allowed   63. officially 64. to    65. when
66. permitted  67. introducing     68. its     69. days    70. the

改错
Dear Jim,
    So glad that you are interested in my new flat. Now I would like˄ tell you something about it.
                                                     to
Locating in the north of the city, this Residential Center is small with only six building. My flat,
Located                                                        buildings
 which covers the area of 36 square meters, is in the fourth floor in Building 2. It consisted of a
            an                       on                           consists
 sitting room, a bedroom, a kitchen and a toilet. When you enter into the flat, you will find yourself
 
in the sitting room. The sitting room is the part that I like best, because it is brightly with a lovely
                                                             bright
balcony, which I can enjoy the beautiful garden below. Although my flat is small, I like them very
       where                                                           it
much because it is comfortable.
     Best regards,
                                                              Yours,
                                                              Li Hua
作文范文:
 I learn from your website that we can exchange something with others. I have some old books, but each of them is complete and remains very good. That is to say, there is no page missing, you don’t worry. Most of the books are famous wrings, such as A Dream of Red Mansions, The Romance of Three Kingdoms and etc. Besides, every book is meaningful and interesting, which is well worth reading. I like to exchange those for a pet dog, because I live alone. I don’t want to read books all the time. With a pet dog to accompany me, Ill feel happy. Besides that, there is a beautiful park next to my apartment. I admire others walking their dogs during their spare time and I know dogs are loyal to their owners.
So I hope whoever wants to exchange with me leaves a message for me so that I can contact him later.
 

 

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