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2016年新课标高二英语暑假作业2(附答案)

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高二英语假期检测题二

第一部分:阅读理解 (共两节,满分60分)
第一节  (共15小题;每小题3分,满分45分)
阅读下列短文 ,从每题所给的四个选项 (A 、B 、C  和 D )中 ,选出最佳选项。
    A
 Hundreds of years ago, a Roman army came north from England to declare war on Scotland. The Scots, a brave people, love their country. They fought hard to drive the enemy out of Scotland. But there were too many Romans. It looked as if the Romans would win.
One night, the leader of the Scots marched his soldiers to the top of a hill. "We will rest here tonight, my men," he said. "Tomorrow we will fight one more battle. We must win, or we will  die."
They were all very tired so they ate their supper quickly and fell asleep. There were four guards on duty, but they were very tired, too, and one by one, they fell asleep.
The Romans were not asleep. Quickly they gathered at the foot of the hill. Slowly they went up the hill. Closer they came to the sleeping Scots. They were almost at the top. A few minutes more the war would be over. Suddenly, one of them put his foot on a thistle (蓟). He cried out and his sudden cry woke the Scots up. In a minute they were on their  feet and ready for a battle. The fighting was hard, but it did not last long. The Scots wiped out the Romans and saved Scotland.
The thistle is not a beautiful plant. It has sharp needles all over it. Few people like it. But the people of Scotland like it so much that they made it their national flower.
1. At the shout of a Roman soldier, all the Scots who were asleep at the hill ________.
A. began to fight the Romans hard
B. stood up without putting on their shoes and began to fight
C. woke and rose immediately, ready to fight
D. put their feet into their shoes at once and were ready to fight
2. The result of the war is that __________.
A. the Romans killed all the Scots
B. the Scots were defeated
C. the Scots were driven out of Scotland
D. the Scots defeated the Romans
3. The Scots made thistle their national flower because thistle __________.
A. is lovely, though not beautiful
B. gives them happiness
C. is a kind of useful plant
D. helped the Scots in wiping out the Roma
                                   
B
What is time? Is it a thing to be saved or spent or wasted, like money? Or is it something we have no control over, like the weather? Is time the same all over the world?
Thats an easy question, you say. Wherever you go, a minute is 60 seconds, an hour is 60 minutes, a day is 24 hours, and so forth. But in America, time is more than that. Americans see time as a valuable resource. Maybe thats why they are fond of the expression, "Time is money."
Because Americans believe time is a limited resource, they try to conserve and manage it. People in the U.S. often attend seminars or read books on time management. It seems they all want to organize their time better. Professionals carry around pocket planners -- some in electronic form -- to keep track of appointments and deadlines. People do all they can to squeeze more  time out of their time. The early American hero Benjamin Franklin expressed this view best: "Do you love life? Then do not waste time, for that is the stuff life is made of."
To Americans, punctuality is a way of showing respect for other peoples time. Being more than 10 minutes late to an appointment usually calls for an apology and an explanation. People who are running late often call ahead to let others know of the delay. Of course, the less formal the situation is, the less important it is to be exactly on time. At informal get-togethers, for example, people often arrive as much as 30 minutes past th e appointed time.
To outsiders, Americans seem tied to the clock. People in other cultures value relationships more than schedules. In these societies, people dont try to control time, but to experience it. Even Americans would admit that no one can master time. Time -- like money -- slips all too easily through our fingers. And time -- like the weather-- is very hard to predict. Nevertheless, time is one of lifes most precious gifts. And unwrapping it is half the fun.
4. What’s the main topic of this passage?
A. What is time?       B. Time among Americans.
C. Make good use of time.        D. How to control time?
5. What’s the meaning of the underlined word “conserve”?
A. protect   B. develop   C. produce   D. assist
6. The sentence " Americans seem tied to the clock" in paragraph 5 probably means________.
A. Americans often carry a clock with them.    
B. Americans can take control over time.
C. Americans often make full use of time.      
D. Americans can not predict the time.
7. We can safely draw a conclusion from this passage that _________.
A. Americans have more time than others.
B. by using pocket planners, people can have more time.
C. for informal meeting, Americans often arrive 30 minutes earlier.
D. Americans often attend seminars, because they want to use time better

C
To extinguish (熄灭) different kinds of fires, several types of fire extinguishers have been invented. They must be ready for immediate use when fire breaks out. Most portable (手提式的) kinds operate for less than a minute, so they are useful only on small fires. The law requires ships, trains, buses and planes to carry extinguishers.
Since fuel, oxygen and heat must be present in order for fire to exist, one or more of these things must be removed or reduced to extinguish a fire. If the heat is reduced by cooling the material below a certain temperature, the fire goes out. The cooling method is the most common way to put out a fire. Water is the best cooling material because it is low in cost and easy to get.
Another method of extinguishing fire is by cutting off the oxygen. This is usually done by covering the  fire with sand, steam or some other things. A blanket may be used to cover a small fire.
A third method is called separation, which includes removing the fuel, or material easy to burn, from a fire, so that it can find no fuel.
The method that is used to put out a fire depends upon the type of fire. Fires have been grouped in three classes. Fires in wood, paper, cloth and the like are called Class A fires. These materials usually help keep the fire on. Such fires can be stopped most readily  by cooling with water.
8. If a fire breaks out on a bus, which of the follow should be ready there for you to use?
A. Sand   B. Water     C. A blanket.    D. An extinguisher.
9. To cover a small piece of burning wood with a basin(盆) in order to stop the fire is an example of       .
A. cutting off the oxygen             B. reducing the heat  
C. removing the fuel                 D. separating the fire 
10. In choosing how to put out a fire, we should first be clear about          .
A. when it breaks out                B. what kind it is  
C. how it comes about               D. where it takes place
11. What would the author probably discuss in the paragraph that follows?
A. Another type of extinguishers       B. Another class of fires
C. How fires break out.              D. How fires can be prevented.
                               D
Could your cellphone give you cancer? Whether it could or not, some people are worrying about the possibility that phones, power lines and wi-fi could be responsible for a range of illnesses, from rashes to brain tumors.
Some say there is evidence to support the growing anxieties. David Carpenter, a professor of environmental health sciences at the university at Albany, in New York, thinks there’s a greater than 95 percent chance that power lines can cause childhood leukemia (白血病). Also there’s a greater than 90 percent chance that cellphones can cause brain tumors. “It’s apparent now that there’s a real risk,” said Carpenter.
But others believe these concerns are unjustified. Dr Martha Linet, the head of radiation epidemiology(流行病学) at the US National Cancer Institute, has looked at the same research as Carpenter but has reached a different conclusion. “I don’t support warning labels for cellphones, ” said Linet. “We don’t have the evidence that there’s much danger. ”
Studies so far suggest a weak connection between EMFs (电磁场) and illness— so weak that it might not exist at all. A multinational investigation of cellphones and brain cancer, in 13 countries outside the US, has been underway for several years. It’s funded in part by the European Union, in part by a cellphone industry group. The final report should come out later this year, but data so far don’t suggest a strong link between cellphone use and cancer risk.
12.From the passage we can learn that some people are worried because _______.
A. they have evidence that the use of cellphones can lead to cancer
B. they make a fuss over cellphone use
C. some experts have given a warning
D. cellphones are responsible for brain tumors
13.By saying “I don’t support warning labels for cellphones,” Dr Martha Linet has the idea that _______.
A. the worrying is unnecessary
B. cancer-warning labels should be on cellphones
C. there is a link between cellphones and cancer
D. cellphones have nothing to do with cancer
14.Which of the following best describes the attitude of the author towards the debate?
A. Optimistic.  B. Objective.  C. Opposite.   D. Casual.
15.What’s the best title of the passage?
A. Cellphones: is there a cancer link?
B. There is a link between cellphone and cancer.
C. A research on the cellphone.
D. The cellphone and radiation epidemiology
第二节(共5小题;每小题3分,满分15 分)
根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。
Four ways to Improve Your Memory
Have you ever imagined the benefits that a good memory can bring to you? Being able to  remember important pieces of information can give you a powerful advantage in your life.___16__. Here are four ways to improve your memory:
Make the most of your imagination. ___17___For example, to remember where you have left your car keys, pretend to hold a camera to your eyes, focus on the scene, and click the image into your memory when you are leaving. This technique works with almost everything you want to remember, as the roll of films in your mind is endless.
Try to practice. There are lots of ways to do this: try to remember which day of the week your last birthday was.__18___Try to remember all the ping-pong finalists and the winner. If you can try to remember the scores as well, it would be even better to practice. It won’t be long before your daily practice pays off, making your mind sharper and more adaptable.
Get physical exercise. Physical exercise not only improves memory but also helps you think faster. A combination of mental and physical activity can protect your memory. It is known that the brain’s processing speed gradually slows as you age.____19____                             
__20______Mental exercises are as important as physical ones to keep one’s brain power. Take up word games like crossword puzzles. Memorize favorite poems and read challenging books or articles that encourage you to expand your interests. Any activity that requires you to think and concentrate will challenge your brain. And your brain will develop better on the challenge.
A. Exercise your brain.
B. Play more games.
C. Fortunately, staying physically fit can avoid some of the effects of age on the brain.
D. In fact, the ability to remember things is necessary to your success.
E. Then extend this to the birthdays of all your family members.
F. An easy way to remember something is to “take a picture”.
G. If you are right-handed , try to brush your teeth with your left hand.
第二部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分55分)
第一节完形填空(共20小题;每小题2分,满分40分)
Long long ago, there was a small village. This village had a __21__ tradition. At the beginning of every year, any boy who had reached the age of majority (成年) was given land and money to build a home. The boy had to __22__ his home before winter. If his home failed to endure the cold weather in winter, the villagers could not __23__ him in any way.
One __24__, Paul and Marc reached their majority. They __25__ their land and money and decided to search nearby villages for ideas on building their homes. In each village, they found the nicest __26__ and talked to the owners. Each owner gladly offered __27__.
After Marc saw several homes, he __28__ th e best ideas and went back to his ow n land. Paul, __29__, continued collecting more ideas. Soon he had so many great ideas that he began to __30__ some of them. But he always believed he could find even better ideas in the next village.
Marc began building his home. He had several __31__starts, but his home gradually rose from his land. By fall, Marc had finished his home. It wasnt perfect, but it was strong and he could __32__ it later. Paul enjoyed all the beautiful homes and __33__ with home owners. The first snow came and Paul, realizing he was running out of time, __34__back to his land. He built the best home he could in the time he had, but it was __35__. The first winter storm destroyed his home and he was frozen to __36__. The villagers mourned for him.
Marc _37__ the winter. Each year, Marc searched for other good ideas he could use to make his own home look better. He became a leader in the village, _38__ a family, and lived a happy, content life.
We all build and improve our own mental homes. Its __39__ and fun for us to search for ideas from other mental home owners, but we only improve our own mental home if we actually __40__ the best ideas.
21.A.strange    B. hopeful   C.literary     D.cultural
22.A.find       B.make      C.complete  D.buy
23.A.help       B.encourage   C.scold      D.persuade
24.A.winter      B.summer     C.autumn       D.spring
25.A.exchanged    B.received   C.recognized     D.advised
26.A.girls    B.jobs   C.houses D.presents
27.A.rooms      B.drinks   C.attention   D.advice
28.A.expected    B.gathered    C.created   D.understood
29.A.similarly    B.finally    C.however   D.furthermore
30.A.forget      B.believe     C.replace       D.doubt
31.A.fine        B.amazing      C.false       D.rapid
32.A.repair        B.rebuild    C.sell         D.improve
33.A.conversations   B.achievement  C.struggles  D.arguments
34.A.drove       B.rushed      C.flew     D.moved
35.A.weak       B.funny       C.small      D.excellent
36.A.blindness    B.death       C.sadness     D.illness
37.A.experienced    B.loved     C.survived   D.spent
38.A.brought       B.earned     C.contacted   D.raised
39.A.slow         B.easy       C.dangerous   D.special
40.A.realize        B.bring      C.collect        D.apply

第Ⅱ卷
第二节 (共10题;每小题1. 5分,满分15分)
阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(不多于3个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

Swedish businessman Nile Bergqvist is delighted with his new hotel, the world’s first igloo (冰屋) hotel. ___41____(build) in a small town, it has been attracting lots of visitors, but soon the fun will be over. In two week’s time Bergqvist’s ice creation__42___(be) nothing more than a pool of water. “We don’t see it as a big problem,” he says. “We just look forward to__43___(replace) it.”
    Bergqvist built his first igloo in 1991 for an art exhibition. It was__44_successful that he designed the present one,   45    measures roughly 200 square meters. Six workmen spent more than eight weeks  46   (pile) 1,000 tons of snow onto a wooden base; when the snow froze, the base ___47____(remove).
    After their stay, all visitors receive a survival certificate recording their success. __48____no windows, nowhere to hang clothes at temperatures below 0℃, it may seem more like a survival test_____49___ a relaxing hotel break. “It’s great fun,” Bergqvist explains, “As well as a good start in survival training.”
    The popularity of the igloo is beyond doubt: it is now attracting tourists____50___all over the world. At least 800 people have stayed at the igloo this season even though there are only 10 rooms.

第三部分:写作(共两节,满分35分)
第一节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
    增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(Λ),并在其下面写出该加的词。
    删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。
    修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;
2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

Not all people like to work and everyone likes to play. All over the world men and woman, boys and girls enjoy sports. Since long ago, many adults and children called their friends together to spend hours, even days play games. One of the reasons why people like to play is that sports help them to live happy. In another words, they help to keep people strong. When people play games, they move a lot. That is how sports are good activities for their health. Having fun with their friends make them delighted. Many people enjoy sports by watching the others play. In big American cities, thousands sell tickets to watch football or basketball games.


第二节  书面表达(满分25分)

众所周知,课堂是每个学生实现梦想的地方,然而,有一部分同学并没有很好地利用它。请以How should we make good use of classes?为题,写一篇文章,应包含以下要点:
1简要说明课堂的意义;
2目前课堂中存在的主要问题;
3分析原因并提出建议。
注意:
1. 可根据内容需要适当拓展,以使行文连贯;
2. 词数100左右。


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高二英语假期检测题二题答案

一.阅读理解1-20题(共20小题; 每小题3分,满分60分)
CDD    BACD   DABB     CABA    DFECA

二.完形填空 21-40题(共20小题;每小题2分,满分40分)
ACADB  CDBCA  CDABA  BCDBD

三.语法填空 41-50题(共10题;每小题1. 5分,满分15分)
41. Built  42. will be  43. replacing  44. so  45. which
46. piling  47. was removed   48. With  49. than  50. from

四. 改错 (共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

Not all people like to work and everyone likes to play. All over the world men and woman, boys and girls enjoy sports. Since long ago, many adults and children called their friends together to spend hours, even days play games. One of the reasons why people like to play is that sports help them to live happy. In another words, they help t o keep people strong. When people play games, they move a lot. That is how sports are good activities for their health. Having fun with their frien ds make them delighted. Many people enjoy sports by watching the others play. In big American cities, thousands sell tickets to watch football or basketball games.

1. and改为but  2. woman改为women  3. children后加have  4. play变为playing  5. happy变为happily  6. another变为other  7. how 变为why 
8. make 改为makes  9. 去掉the others 中的the   10. sell 改为buy

五.作文(满分25分)(评分标准参考高考作文评分标准)

参考范文:
As we all know, class is a place where students ought to work hard to realize their dreams. However, there are some students not using class properly, making things go from bad to worse. For example, some students play mobile phones or sleep in class, wasting quantities of precious time. Whats worse, some students enjoy chatting with others. Not only does it affect their own study, but also it will do harm to others.
As far as I am concerned, the main reason is that they dont realize the importance of study. To solve this problem, they have to understand making full use of class is the best way to improve the efficiency of study. After all, time waits  for no man.

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