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2016年湖南望城区高中英语学业水平模拟试题(有答案)

时间:2016-05-14 作者:xingzhi 资料来源:网络

2016年普通高中学业水平摸底考试
英 语
本试题卷分听力技能、阅读技能、知识运用、写作技能四个部分,共6页。时量120分钟,满分100分。
第一部分  听力技能(共两节,满分20分)
做听力技能时,请先在试题卷上作答。听力技能结束前,你将有两分钟的时间将试题卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。
第一节(共5小题;每小题1分,满分5分)
听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有5秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话读两遍。
1   What makes Tim upset?
A.  The chemistry test..  B.  The physics test. C.  The maths test.
2   Where is the man going?
A.  To the teacher’s office.  B.  To the bus stop. C.  To the hotel.
3   Who will the man buy a T-shirt for?
A.  His mother.    B.  His father.   C.  His brother.
4   How many children are there in Ann’s family?
A.  One.      B.  Two.         C.  Three. 
5   When will the two speakers meet?
A.  At 9:30 a.m..       B.  At 9:00 a.m..  C.  At 8:30 a.m..
第二节(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)
听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。
听下面一段对话,回答第6至第7两个小题。
6   What is the weather like tomorrow?
    A.  Foggy.     B.  Windy.     C.  Sunny.
7   How does the woman know the weather?
A.  By watching TV.        B.   By listening to the radio.
C.  By reading newspaper. 
听下面一段对话,回答第8至第10三个小题。
8   Which country is the new student from ?
    A.  America.     B.  China.    C.  Italy.
9   What’s the relationship between the two speakers?
    A.  Workmates.   B.  Stangers.   C.  Classmates.
10  Who wants to go to China?
    A.  The boy.       B.  The girl.   C.  The new student.
听下面一段对话,回答第11至第13三个小题。
11  Which subject does the woman want to improve?
    A.  Her English.   B.  Her Spanish.   C.  Her French.
12  Who gives the woman the advice?
    A.  Mr. Green       B.  Mr. Black    C.  Mr. Jackson
13  What does the man suggest the woman getting?
    A.  An MP4.     B.  A mobile phone.  C.  A dictionary.
听下面一段对话,回答第14至第16三个小题。
14  Why can’t Lin Lin go to Nan Nan’s birthday party?
A.  Because she is too busy.    
B.  Because she doesn’t like parties.  
C.  Because her parents don’t allow her to.
15  Who usually buys the clothes for Lin Lin?
    A.  Her mother.    B.  Her father.     C.  Her sister.
16  What can Lin Lin do with her friends on Sunday nights?
A.  Buy new clothes.  B.  Play sports.   C.  See movies
听下面一段话,回答第17至20四个小题。
17.What does Alice like collecting?
A.Tapes               B. CDs              C.Paintings.
18.How many copies does Alice have?
A. About 100          B. About 200         C.About 300
19.What are most of the copies about?
A.Pop songs        B. Classic songs      C. Rap songs
20.How did Alice get most of her copies?
A.She borrowed them from others.
B. She bought them herself.
C. She got them as presents.
第二部分  阅读理解(共两节,满分30分)
第一节 (共12小题;每小题2分,满分24分)
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
A
This is not a diet. It’s a simple way to lose weight. You don’t have to give up the food you love or join a gym. You just follow some habits thin people have. Keep them, and you’ll become thin.
◆Wake-up  When you wake up in the morning, sit up slowly without using your hands. With legs straight out,
lean forward(前俯) until you feel sore(酸痛的) in your back. It will use up 10 calories.
◆Start with soup  Order a clear soup, and have it before the main food. In this way, you’ll feel fuller, so you’ll
eat less when the main food comes.
◆An apple or more a day  Apples are full of fiber(纤维) and water, so your stomach will want less. Studies
show that people who eat at least three apples or pears a day may lose weight.
◆Talk it up  Every time you use the cell phone, stand up and walk around. Heavy people sit on average two and a half hours more each day than thin people. This skill is very important as standing up and walking around will burn up 50 or more calories.
Use these skills, and you will have a big weight loss. 
21  The text is to encourage you to ______.
A.go on a diet                         B.give up your favorite foods
C.join a gym                          D.follow some habits of thin people
22  Which of the following ways is a good choice to become thin?
    A.Sit up quickly in the morning.           B.Have soup before the main food.
    C.Eat rice instead of apples.              D.Sit down when using a cell phone.
23  How many skills are there in the text for people to lose weight?
    A.Two.            B.Three.          C.Four.            D.Five.
24  The text is most likely to be read ______.
A.in a magazine     B.in a dictionary    C.in a story-book    D.on a map
B
When l was a child in Minnesota, watermelon was expensive. One of my fathers friends, Bernie, was a rich businessman. He owned a large store in St Paul. Every summer, when the first watermelons arrived, Bernie would call. Dad and I would take a bus to Bernies place. We would sit on the edge of the dock(码头) and get ready for a big meal.
Bernie would take his knife, cut our first watermelon, hand us both a big piece and sit down next to us. Then we would bury our faces in watermelon, eating only the heart——the finest, sweetest and most seed-free(无籽的)part, and throw away the rest. 
Bernie was my fathers idea of a rich man. I always thought it was because he was such a successful businessman. Years later, however, 1 realized that it was not Bernies wealth itself but his way of dealing with it that my father liked. Bernie knew how to stop working, get together with friends and eat only the heart of the watermelon. Being rich is a state of mind.
25  From the passage, we know Bernie_________________.
 A.grew watermelon     B.had a large store    C.made telephones      D.had no friend
26  While staying in Bernies place, the writer and his father felt_________________. 
 A . happy              B.   tired             C.   worried            D.  hungry
27  What was Bernies special way of eating watermelon?
 A. Eating with all its seeds.                              B. Throwing away its best part.
 C.  Eating only its heart.                                D. Eating the whole melon alone.
28  The writer wants to tell us that___________.
 A.  his father liked Bernie‟s wealth                   B. Bernie wasted lots of money 
 C.  working hard makes people successful          D. being rich is a state of mind
C
The Intemet has become part of teenage life. Theres a report on 3,375 students in seven Chinese cities. It says that 38% of them believe they use the Intemet often. While most of them get useful information and use the Intemet to help in their studies, some are not using it in a good way.
Many are playing online games too much. A few even visit websites they should not look at. Bad things can happen if young people spend too much time on the Intemet.
In order to help young people use the Intemet in a good way, a textbook has been used in some Shanghai middle schools this term. It uses real examples to teach students all about good ways of using the Intemet. It gives useful advice such as its good to read news or find helpful information to study. Some students also make online friends.
Teachers and parents all think the book is a very good idea. It will teach students how to be a good person in the online world. It will be a guide for teens using the Intemet and keep students away from bad sites.
29  The report shows that __ of the 3,375 students are playing online games too much.  
    A .38%                    B. most                C. many               D. afew
30  How does the textbook teach students? 
     A.With real examples.   B. With pictures.     C.  With music.      D.With tapes.
31  Which of the following useful advice is NOT mentioned in the passage?
     A.Read news.           B.Find information.   C.Make friends.      D.Watch films.
32  What do teachers and parents think of the textbook?
     A.Its a very good idea.                             B.Its a foolish idea.
     C.  It keeps students looking at bad sites.          D.  It cant teach students how to be good.
第二节(共3小题;每小题2分,满分6分)
    下面文章中有3处(第33~35题)需要添加小标题。请从以下选项(A、B、C和D)中选出符合各段意思的小标题,并在答题卡上将相应选项的标号涂黑。选项中有一项是多于选项。
    To forgive is a virtue, but no one has ever said it is easy. When someone has deeply hurt you, it can be extremely difficult to let go of your hate. However, forgiveness is possible, and it can be surprisingly beneficial to your physical and mental health. How should you start to forgive? Try the following steps:
33.________ To make your anger die away, try a simple stress-management technique. You can take a couple of breaths and think of something that gives you pleasure: a beautiful scene in nature, or someone you love.
34.________ Many times the person who hurt you does not intend to apologize. They may have wanted to hurt you or they just don’t see things the same way. If you wait for people to apologize, you could be waiting an awfully long time.
   Try to see things from your offender’s angle. If you understand your offender, you may realize that he or she was acting out of unawareness, hear, and even love. You may want to write a letter to yourself from your offender’s point of view.
35.________ For some people, forgiving themselves is the biggest challenge. But it can rob you of your confidence if you don’t do it.
A. Don’t wait for an apology.                    B.Calm yourself.
C. Recognize the benefits of forgiveness.           D.Don’t forget to forgive yourself.
第三部分  英语知识运用(共三节,满分25分)
第一节 完形填空(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
Today Mr Johnson, a member of the International Olympic Committee, visited a high school in Beijing. He made a speech there. In his  36  , he talked about the history and significance of  37 . He described the  38 Olympic Games. He said that athletes at the ancient games could only be men who spoke Greek,  39  today, both men and  40  from around the world can compete.
The modem games, first held in 1896, were designed to make it possible for countries and people to live 41  together.
Mr Johnson also talked about some famous  42 . One example is Michael Jordan who  43  his second Olympic gold medal after a long break. He  44  mentioned Deng Yaping who won many gold medals. Mr Johnson  45  his speech by wishing the Olympic movement a successful future.
The audience really enjoyed his speech.
36   A.  speech             B.  book        C.  newspaper          D.  magazine
37  A.  Asian Games                 B.  the Olympic Games   
  C.European Games               D. African Games
38   A. late                 B.  new              C. ancient          D. modem
39   A.  but                B.  and                 C.  or                 D.  so
40   A.boys                B.teenagers        C.adults             D. women
41   A.angrily             B. quietly          C.  peacefully       D.  sadly
42   A.dancers            B.actors            C.singers            D.  athletes
43   A.  lost                B.  won              C.  brought         D.  missed
44   A.only                 B.  just             C.  never             D.  also
45   A.started              B.  ended           C.  wrote             D.  found
第二节(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分。)
阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。
My aim in life is to save the environment for future generations. I want to become 46 environmental consultant. Too many people think 47 pollution can’t be stopped if we want the country 48.( develop) But that is not true. We can cut back 49 dangerous waste from factories. I want to teach people to buy products 50 have been recycled, 51 it means we don’t need to cut down as many 52.(tree) The number of people in the world 53 (keep) growing, and we are producing more rubbish.
I am confident that if we are all 54 (will)to work together, we can keep the Earth clean and 55.(health)
第三节  改错(共5小题;每小题1分,满分5分)
下列句中各有一个错误,请把错误处改正。其他部分不得更动。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(^),并在右边横线上写出该加的词。
删除:把多余的词用斜线()划掉,在该行右边横线上写出该词,并也用斜线划掉。
修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在右边横线上写出改正后的词。
56. Use your head, you’ll find a way to solve the problem.    56.______
57. When you are nervous, you’d better to take a deep breath.      57._______         
58. Our classroom is as bigger as yours.                        58._______      
59. It’s raining so hardly, or we would go for a picnic.       59.________                    
60. Rose is their two daughter.                    60. _______
第四部分 写作技能 (共两节,满分25分)
第一节  双向翻译 (共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)
请根据上下文内容,将文中划线部分译成汉语或者英语,并将答案转写到答题卡上。
Dear Amy,
My computer was broken so I couldnt read your two e-mails until today. Im so sorry to hear about your problems, 61  but Im glad youre feeling better and are recovering. Im amazed that in China someones liver matched yours! 62 这真是件令人感动的事 a stranger who donated part of his liver to a girl he doesnt even know! You are right. We shouldnt be embarrassed about our weight. 63  I think you look great as you are, and youre a wonderful person. I know that the pressure to stay slim is a problem, especially for an actress. However, your mother knows best: 64 没有什么比健康更重要.
65  Its the same in China---many people, some of whom are not overweight at all, are always going on diets or taking weight-loss bills. I hope they can learn from your story.
Love,
Zhou Line


第二节 情景作文(共1小题,满分15分)
  66. 请根据某班QQ群聊天记录,综合同学们发表的意见,为下周的班会写一篇以“让我们对吸烟说不”为主题的演讲稿。
注意: 1.开头已为你写好,不计入词数
2. 词数100左右。
3.文章中不能使用真实的人名和地名。
    

李华:2012-5-5 14:30:07    I was caught smoking in the school yesterday. What a bad luck!
张丽:2012-5-5 14:32:10    I’m strongly against smoking. Smoking is bad for your health. People who smoke often develop and even die from different illnesses or diseases.
吴明:2012-5-5 14:34:08    Yes, smoking pollutes the air. People cannot work or study well in a room full of smoke.
黄伟:2012-5-5 14:38:20    I agree with you! Smoking wastes money. Every year, millions of dollars are spent treating diseases caused by smoking.
曾杰:2012-5-5 14:39:40    Besides, smoking causes fire very easily. It’s reported that lots of fires that were caused by smoking resulted in great loss.
………


Let’s Say No to Smoking
Hello, everyone! Now I’d like to voice myself about smoking. __________________________
 
 

答案
1—5  CABBA    6—10  CBBCA    11—16  ABCCACC   17-20BB AC
21—24  DBCA       25-28  BACD        29-32  CADA   33-35  CDA
36—45 ABCAD  CDBDB
46.an
47. that 
48. to develop   
49. on
50. that/which
51. because
52.  trees
 53. keeps
 54. willing
55. healthy
56.    ^and    
57.     to     
58.    big    
59.__hard____       
60. second
61. 但令我高兴的是,你现在感觉好多了
62. This is really a touching/moving story.
63. 我觉得你目前的这个样子看上去就很好
64. nothing is more important than health
65. 中国的情况也是如此
66. One possible version 
Hello, everyone! Now I’d like to voice myself about smoking.
I’m strongly against smoking. There are many good reasons for that.
First, smoking is bad for one’s health. People who smoke often develop and even die from different illnesses or diseases. Second, smoking pollutes the air. People cannot work or study well in a room full of smoke. Third, smoking wastes money. Every year, millions of dollars are spent treating diseases caused by smoking. At last, smoking causes fire very easily. It’s reported that lots of fires that were caused by smoking resulted in great loss.
  As we can see, smoking does great harm and students should not pick up the bad habit. 
 

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