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2014年兰州一中高二英语上学期期中试题(带答案)

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2014年兰州一中高二英语上学期期中试题(带答案)

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2014年兰州一中高二英语上学期期中试题(带答案)说明:本试卷分为第Ⅰ卷(选择题)和第Ⅱ卷(非选择题)两部分,共100分。考试时间100分钟。交卷时只交答题卡。第Ⅰ卷(选择题 满分55 分)第一部分:英语知识运用 (共两节,满分25分) 第一节:单项填空 (共10小题,每小题0.5分,满分5分)He asked us to _______ him _______carrying out their plan.A. assist; with B. help; to C. assist; in D. help; with 2. On Sunday morning after getting up, I helped my mother ____ our rooms and wash dirty clothes.A. sweep up B. carry up C. keep up D. speed up 3. In order to a good knowledge of English, he gave up his job and went to study in an English school. A. require B. inquire C. acquire D. address4. Five people won the “China’s Green Figure” award, a title to ordinary people for their contributions to environmental protections. A. being given B. is given C. given D. was given 5. According to the driver’s explanation, it was not his carelessness but the bad road conditions that for the accident. A. was to blame B. was to be blamed C. were to be blamed D. were to blame 6. The machine is so advanced that it will start you press the button. A. roughly B. instantly C. deliberately D. constantly 7. You have to listen for detailed facts. you have to prepare the next question depending on what the person says. A. However B. Otherwise C. Therefore D. Meanwhile 8. In the dark forest _____, some large enough to hold several towns. A. stand many lakes B. lie many lakes C. many lakes lie D. many lakes stand9. The woman ______ there, ________ in a blue shirt, is Lily’s teacher. A. seated; dressing B. sitting; dressed C. sat; dressed D. seating; dressed10. The result of the entrance exam was not made ____ to the public until last Sunday. A. knowing B. to be known C. knew D. known第二节:完型填空 (共20小题,每小题1分,满分20分) 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从11---40题所给的四个选项中选出最佳选项。 Even though it was only October, my students were already whispering about Christmas plans.With each passing day everyone became more 11 waiting for the final school bell.Upon its 12 everyone would run for their coats and go home, - 10 -everyone except David. David was a small boy in ragged clothes.I had often 13 what kind of home life David had, and what kind of mother could send her son to school dressed so 14 for the cold winter months, without a coat, boots, or gloves.But something made David 15 .I can still remember he was always 16 a smile and willing to help.He always 17 after school to straighten chairs and mop the floor.We never talked much.He 18 just simply smile and ask what else he could do, then thank me for letting him stay and slowly 19 home. Weeks passed and the 20 over the coming Christmas grew into restlessness until the last day of 21 before the holiday break.I smiled in 22 as the last of them hurried out the door.Turning around I saw David 23 standing by my desk. “I have something for you,” he said and 24 from behind his back a small box. 25 it to me, he said anxiously, “Open it.” I took the box from him, thanked him and slowly unwrapped it.I lifted the lid and to my 26 , I saw nothing. I looked at David’s smiling face and back into the box and said, “The box is nice, David, but it’s 27 .” “Oh no it isn’t,” said David.“It’s full of love.My mum told me before she died that love was something you couldn’t see or touch unless you know it’s there.” Tears filled my eyes 28 I looked at the proud dirty face that I had rarely given 29 to.After that Christmas, David and I became good friends and I never forgot the meaning 30 the little empty box set on my desk.11.A.anxiousB.courageousC.seriousD.cautious12.A.warningB.ringingC.callingD.yelling13.A.scoldedB.wonderedC.realizedD.learned14.A.modestlyB.naturallyC.inaccuratelyD.inappropriately15.A.popularB.upsetC.specialD.funny16.A.expressingB.deliveringC.wearingD.sharing17.A.practisedB.wanderedC.studiedD.stayed18.A.wouldB.shouldC.mightD.could19.A.aim atB.turn toC.put offD.head for20.A.argumentB.excitementC.movementD.judgment21.A.schoolB.yearC.educationD.program22.A.reliefB.returnC.vainD.control23.A.weaklyB.sadlyC.quietlyD.helplessly24.A.searchedB.foundC.raisedD.pulled25.A.HoldingB.HandingC.SendingD.Leaving26.A.delightB.expectationC.appreciationD.surprise27.A.cheapB.emptyC.uselessD.improper28.A.asB.untilC.becauseD.though29.A.adviceB.supportC.attentionD.command30.A.fromB.behindC.overD.towards第二部分:阅读理解:(共二节,满分30分)第一节:阅读短文,从题中所给的(A,B,C,D)中选出最佳选项(共10小题,每小题2分,满分20分)- 10 - AYou may not be aware, but digital currency (货币) is a big part of the Internet world. QQ Coins can buy you accessories (配饰) for your QQ images. More importantly, a new digital currency, Bitcoin, is bringing the world’s commerce online.If you’re traveling, you can spend Bitcoins at restaurants and hotels listed at BitcoinTravel.com. In China, Bitcoins can be used to buy goods at about 134 online shops on Taobao. And at a café named 2nd Place in Beijing, you can even buy fresh coffee with Bitcoins.So what makes Bitcoin so attractive to investors?First of all, the Bitcoin system is not controlled by anyone. One central authority cannot make policies to change the value of Bitcoins. The fixed amount of Bitcoins also means they cannot lose value through inflation(通货膨胀), as all forms of paper money have done over time.In addition, accounts in the Bitcoin system are anonymous and transparent. Users can set up an account easily and track every Bitcoin. All of these features seem to make Bitcoins immune(有免疫力的) from loss, but that is not entirely true. “The value of Bitcoins can vary wildly as no central government makes the price of them steady. If the value drops suddenly, investors cannot get any compensation(赔偿),” Zhao Qingming, a senior researcher at China Construction Bank, told China Economic Weekly. And Bitcoins, unlike company shares, are not backed by any tangible funds, which also adds to their risk. While China will not recognize the digital currency anytime soon, Xinhua said, lawmakers and officials at a hearing on Nov. 18 in the US made positive comments about Bitcoin. Ben Bernanke, outgoing chairman of the Federal Reserve, told the Washington Post that “these types of creations, such as Bitcoin… may hold long-term promise, particularly if its system promote a faster, more secure and more efficient payment system.”31. Bitcoin is ______. A. actually exactly like QQ Coins B. a new currency used both online and in real life C. only used online D. a country’s new digital currency.32. We can use Bitcoin to buy the following things except ______. A. online goods B. goods at 134 online shops on Taobao C. books in physical shops D. coffee at a café named 2nd Place33. What is the disadvantage of Bitcoin? A. the value of it can rise and fall wildly. B. It cannot lose value through inflation. C. Every bitcoin in your account can be followed.D. It can even be used at some specific restaurants and hotels. BSome colors people see late at night could cause signs of clinical depression. That was the finding of a study that builds on earlier study findings. They show that- 10 - individuals who live or work in low levels of light overnight can develop clinical depression. Doctors use the word “clinical depression” to describe severe form of depression. Signs may include loss of interest or pleasure in most activities, low energy levels and thoughts of death or suicide.In the new study, American investigators designed an experiment that exposed hamsters(仓鼠)to different colors. The researchers chose hamsters because they are nocturnal, which means they sleep during the day and are active at night.The animals were separated into four groups. One group of hamsters was kept in the dark during their night-time period. Another group was placed in front of a blue light, a third group slept in front of a white light, while a fourth was put in front of a red light.After four weeks, the researchers noted how much sugary water the hamsters drank. They found that the most depressed animals drank the least amount of water.Randy Nelson heads the Department of Neuroscience at Ohio State University. He says animals that slept in blue and white light appeared to be the most depressed. “What we saw is that these animals didn’t show any sleep uneasiness at all but they did mess up biological clock genes and they did show depressive sign while if they were in the dim(微弱)red light, they did not.”Randy Nelson notes that photosensitive(感光)cells in the eyes have little to do with eyesight. He says these cells send signals to the area of the brain that controls what has been called the natural sleep-wake cycle.He says there’s a lot of blue in white light. This explains why the blue light and white light hamsters appear to be more depressed than the hamsters seeing red light or darkness.34.Researchers use hamsters in the experiment because __________.A.they are similar to humans in dealing with colorsB.they are easy to observe and studyC. they are active at night and sleep during the dayD.they are sensitive to colors like human beings35.What sign shows that the hamsters are being depressed?A.They don’t sleep well.B. They drink less sugary water.C.Their eyesight becomes worse.D.Their energy level becomes low.36.__________ tends to cause hamsters to be depressed.A.Blue lightB.Red lightC.Dim lightD.Darkness37.What can help people who work late at night to avoid being depressed?A.Not being exposed to dim red light when using computers.B.Equipping their computer screens to put it more in the reddish light.C.Living or working in low levels of light overnight.D.Going to see doctors of clinical depression regularly for help.COcean Park Hong Kong is a theme park in the Southern District of Hong Kong Island. The park was built with donations from the Royal Hong Kong Jockey Club (now Hong Kong Jockey Club) and opened on 10 January 1977. Today it offers affordable marine animal- 10 - education and entertainment and is a private organization for commercial purpose.    In the early operation of the park, the main sources of income for the park were the ticket prices and the funding from the Jockey Club. Since the ticket price was low, most of the time Ocean Park was operating under deficit(财政赤字). In July 1987, the government established a 200 million trust(信托基金) from the funding of Jockey Club, under the Ocean Park Corporation Ordinance. This separated Ocean Park from Jockey Club and became a non-profit organization; it needs to be responsible for its own income and was allowed to use commercial means to operate the park.    Since it was permitted to use commercial means to operate, it gradually raised its ticket price and the deficit turned into profit. In 1992, 3 million visitors visited the park. Since 1998, the East Asian financial crisis(经济危机), aging attractions, and the passing away of the killer whale, the park recorded a deficit for a couple years. Although it was allowed to host 2 pandas in 1999, the number of visitors did not go up and Ocean Park was forced to close its water attractions and the "Old Village" attraction and turned to bring in more rides in an attempt to capture the youth demand. Together with the opening up of mainland visitors under the Individual Visit Scheme, Ocean Park recorded an astonishing 4 million visitors in the year 2004-2005, the highest since the park opened.   In March 2005, Ocean Park made its redevelopment plan. On 23 November 2006, Ocean Park held a groundbreaking ceremony for its redevelopment.38. At the beginning, Ocean Park Hong Kong _________.A. was built with the money from the governmentB. sold its tickets at a high priceC. was a great success once it was openedD. mainly got income from the ticket prices and donations39. According to the passage, Ocean Park Corporation _________.A. belongs to Hong Kong Jockey ClubB. operates successfully partly because the opening up of mainland visitorsC. is an official organization.D. can not use commercial means to operate40. Ocean Park Corporation took all of the measures to overcome the deficits except _________. A. raise ticket price B. host 2 pandas C. try to attract young customers D. close some attractions第二节:阅读理解七选五(共5小题,每小题2分,满分10分) What is the difference between fitness and health? 41 . Fitness and the industry of fitness are focused on weight loss and muscle tone. However, health to me is defined as a state where all systems of the body function efficiently. Here’s the thing: lots of people eat fairly well and exercise, yet they frequently are injured, have pain, struggle with weight. What’s missing is what keeps a body stable and efficient. 42 . They are essential parts but there is a key factor missing in most people’s fitness routines. We need to view a human body as more than just fat and muscle rate.- 10 - Fitness is a measurable state or condition partially determined by genetics. 43 . Health is not merely the presence or absence of disease, rather, it’s a complete state of physical, mental, and social well-being, a complex of factors that represents all levels of vitality from the highest to the lowest (or death, to put it bluntly). On the other hand, the World Health Organization defines fitness as “ the ability to perform work satisfactorily.” 44 . One’s ability to perform work satisfactorily depends on the type of work involved and on how one defines “ satisfactorily “. 45 . Fitness means fit or conditioned for beating the other guy, the clock, or one’s previous best. To the Olympic athlete, fitness is ultimately measured in terms of gold medals and world records. A. To a competitive runner, for example, fitness is measured in faster times and longer distances. B. Sadly, diet and exercise aren’t just what keep your body stable or efficient. C. Often times people may describe good fitness as being healthy and active. D. This is the question that is most important. E. Health is also a condition but is not as easily measured or defined as fitness. F. So making the definition of who is fit and who isn’t somewhat dependent on personal interests and social context. G. Some can be very healthy and still struggle with their weight.第Ⅱ卷 (非选择题 满分45 分)第三部分:写作: (共四节)第一节:单词拼写(共10小题,每小题1分,满分10分)根据汉语提升或首字母填入适当的词: 46. I ______________ (怀疑) that he had been infected that disease. 47 .Mary felt e when she found that her dress was broken. 48. What he said is not ________________ (一致的) with what he did last week. 49. E after a long journey , he slid into bed to sleep. 50. We will choose Tom as our ________________ (代表) to attend the conference. 51. The bad smell is difficult to t .52.He looked at me with a ______________ (困惑的) look on his face.53. For fear of being heard, he w it to me.54. Her _______________ (热情) for dancing dates back to the year when she was five. 55. As soon as I got there, I made the a to the new surroundings.第二节:语法填空:(共10小题,每小题1分,满分10分)阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(不多于3个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式:A new word has suddenly become wildly popular in China---“tuhao”, 56 loosely translated means new rich. There 57 (be) more than 100 million references to the word “tuhao” on social media since early September this year.- 10 -It's being used to describe 58 from the new People's Daily building, to expensive celebrity weddings full of bling-bling (惹人注目的昂贵首饰), and the new gold-coloured iPhone.In Chinese “tu” means earth, and “hao” means rich. To say someone is a tuhao is to imply they come 59 a poor peasant background, and have made it rich quick, but don't quite have the manners, or taste to go along with it. It's 60 the term new rich, but has even more negative meaning, suggesting a certain vulgarity(庸俗).This new usage of the term took off in September after a widely-shared joke about a rich, but 61 (happy) man. He goes to a Buddhist monk for advice and expects to 62 (tell) to live a more simple life. But the monk replies instead with the phrase: "Tuhao, let's be friends!" Chinese Internet users are highly 63 (create) in their use of language, and are constantly inventing, and re-inventing words for better expressions of some social phenomena. In this case, the popularity of the word “tuhao” seems to reflect the fact 64 ,in current Chinese society, many people laugh at 65 with wealth, but are secretly jealous.第三节:短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分) 下面短文中有10处语言错误,请在有错误的地方增加、删除或修改某个单词。 注意:1.每处错误及修改均仅限一词。 2. 只允许修改10处。 A handwritten thank-you letter is a simple way to make other people feel well. However, it isstrange that no people write it now. At work, a thank-you letter to staff is very effective. It costslittle and has much side effects. The effort involved writing letters is very low. But the pleasurefrom it is very high , which makes it an excellent way to inspire the staff. But now that the letter isso encouraging , why do more employers write it? There seems to have three reasons. Firstly, theythink their own work is more valuable than what of others. Since no one ever writes the letter, theydon’t write any ourselves. Secondly, they aren’t closely enough to the business to know whodeserves thanks. Thirdly, they have forgotten the fact that everyone likes to be- 10 - praised by very much.第四节:书面表达(15分)下列图表反映的是我校2011年与2014年学生健康状况调查的部分数据。请你用英文为某报写一份报告,反映该校三年间学生健康状况的变化情况,分析其原因并提出相应的改进措施(不少于两条)。20112014注意:1.报告必须包括图表中所有内容。 2.词数:100左右。第一句已给出(不计入总词数)。A recent survey shows that the health of the students in our school has been going from bad to worse in the past three years . …… 第Ⅱ卷 (非选择题 共45分)第一节:单词拼写(共10小题,每小题1分,满分10分)46. 47. 48. 49. 50. 51. 52. 53. 54. 65. 第二节:语法填空:(共10小题,每小题1分,满分10分)56. 57. 58. 59. 60. 61. 62. 63. 64. 65. 第三节:短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分) 下面短文中有10处语言错误,请在有错误的地方增加、删除或修改某个单词。 注意:1.每处错误及修改均仅限一词。 2. 只允许修改10处。 A handwritten thank-you letter is a simple way to make other people feel well. However, it isstrange that no people write it now. At work, a thank-you letter to staff is very effective. It costslittle and has much side effects. The effort involved writing letters is very low. But the pleasurefrom it is very high , which makes it an excellent way to inspire the staff. But now that the letter is- 10 -so encouraging , why do more employers write it? There seems to have three reasons. Firstly, theythink their own work is more valuable than what of others. Since no one ever writes the letter, theydon’t write any ourselves. Secondly, they aren’t closely enough to the business to know whodeserves thanks. Thirdly, they have forgotten the fact that everyone likes to be praised by very much.第四节:书面表达(15分)下列图表反映的是我校2011年与2014年学生健康状况调查的部分数据。请你用英文为某报写一份报告,反映该校三年间学生健康状况的变化情况,分析其原因并提出相应的改进措施(不少于两条)。20112014、注意:1.报告必须包括图表中所有内容。 2.词数:100左右。第一句已给出(不计入总词数)。A recent survey shows that the health of the students in our school has been going from bad to worse in the past three years . - 10 -参考答案单项填空 (共10小题,每小题0.5分,满分5分)1—5 CACCD 6—10 BDBBD完型填空 (共20小题,每小题1分,满分20分)11—15 ABBDC 16—20 CDADB 21—25 AACDB 26—30 DBACB阅读理解:(共10小题,每小题2分,满分20分)31—33 BCA 34—37 CBAB 38—40 DBD阅读理解七选五(共5小题,每小题2分,满分10分) 41—45 DBEFA单词拼写(共10小题,每小题1分,满分10分)46. suspected 47. embarrassed 48. consistent 49. Exhausted 50. representative51. tolerate 52. puzzled 53. whispered 54. enthusiasm 55. adjustment语法填空:(共10小题,每小题1分,满分10分)56. which 57. have been 58. everything 59. from 60. like 61. unhappy 62. be told 63. creative 64. that 65. those短文改错: 1. well—good 2. no—few 3. much—no 4. involved—involved in 5. do—don’t6. have—be 7. what—that 8. ourselves—themselves 9. closely—close 10. 去掉by书面表达One possible version:A recent survey shows that the health of the students in our school has been going from bad to worse in the past three years. The number of nearsighted students has increased from 78.2% in 2005 to 92.5% in 2008, while that of overweight, from 36% to 52.4%. Nearly 10% more students lack sleep because of more homework to do. Besides, over 15% more students become mentally unhealthy.To improve students’ health, we call for less homework. Only in this way can students get plenty of sleep and meanwhile prevent them from being nearsighted. Proper diets and exercise should also be paid attention to so that they won’t easily put on weight. With their heavy burdens removed, students can then keep in normal mental health.- 10 -

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