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新目标七年级上全册要点讲解与练习

ID:61109

时间:2020-11-13

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Junior One I
Starter Unit 1 ~ Review of Units 1~7
[考点聚焦]
I. 词组归纳
1.  迟到 ________________
2. 文化提示 _________________
3.  用英语 _________________
4.  成对的 _________________
5.  穿蓝色衣服的男孩 _________________
6.  表演出来 ________________
7.  电话号码 ________________
8.  姓氏 _________________
9.  名 _________________
10. 给约翰打电话4953539 _________________
11. 失物招领处 _________________
12. 黄金戒指 _________________
13. 一串钥匙 _________________
14. 家谱 ___________________
15. 为……而感谢 ___________________
16. Tony的全家福 ___________________
17. 把……带去给某人 ___________________
18. 他的数学书 ___________________
19. 一些录像带 ___________________
20. 在梳妆台上 ___________________
21. 把……带来给某人 ___________________
22. 在A和B之间 ___________________
23. 在地板上 _________________
24. 打电脑游戏 __________________
25. 棒球球棒 __________________
26. 一个网球拍 __________________
27. 想做某事 __________________
28. 欢迎来到我们学校 ___________________
29. 加入学校体育中心 ___________________
30. 马上加入我们吧! ___________________
31. 丰富的体育用品收藏 ___________________
32. 在电视上看篮球比赛 ___________________
33. 跑步明星 __________________
34. 吃健康的食物 __________________
35. 就早餐而言 __________________
36. 食物清单 __________________
37. 一年的这个时候 __________________
38. 以一个非常优惠的价格 _________________
39. 各种颜色的毛衣 _________________
40. 出售 ________________
41. 看一下…… _________________
42. 服装店 _________________
43. 篮球打得好 _________________
44. 非常喜欢…… _________________
II. 句型归纳
1.  _______ _______ name?
    My name is Dale.
2.  _______ _______ _______ your aunt?
    She’s 37 ________ old.
3.  _______ that?
    It’s Gina.
4.  _______ this _______ English?
    It’s letter A.
5.  _______ play soccer today!
    Great, that sounds good.
6.  _______ _______ are these desks?
    They are brown.
7.  _______ _______ you _______ watch?
    W-A-T-C-H.
8.  _______ that her eraser?
    No, _______ isn’t.
9.  _______ telephone number?
    _______ 7385098.
10. _______ this your brother?
Yes, _______ is.
11. _______ _______ his books?
They’re on the dresser.
12. _______ _______ on the dresser?
Yes, they are.
13. _______ they have a computer?
No, they _______.
14. _______ he have a soccer ball?
Yes, he _______.
15. I like oranges but I ______ like bananas.
16. Their father likes broccoli but he ______ like hamburgers.
17. _______ _______ your sister like for lunch?
She likes fish and salad for lunch.
18. _______ _______ are the red socks?
_______ 3 dollars.
III. 考点归纳
1. Hello, Eli. Good morning. 嗨,埃丽。早上好。
英文中常用的问候语及其回答:
-Hello.   -Hello.
―Hi.   ―Hi.
―Good morning.  ―Good morning.
―Good afternoon.   ―Good afternoon.
―Good evening.   ―Good evening.
―Good night.   ―Good night.
―How do you do?   ―How do you do?
―How are you?   ―Fine, thank you.
高分突破:
注意对 “How do you do?” 和 “How are you?” 两句话的回答不要弄混淆。
2. Sorry, I’m late. 对不起,我迟到了。
1) sorry “对不起” 用于引出某一过错。
   Excuse me. “对不起” 用于引起对方的注意。例如:
   I’m sorry I can’t speak English.
   Excuse me, is this your backpack?
2) be late (for ...) (做……)迟到
   be late for school/ class/ work/ the meeting
   上学/上课/上班/开会迟到
高分突破:
late的副词仍为late, 不能写成lately. 例如:
请不要晚到学校。
Please don’t arrive lately for school. (×)
Please don’t arrive late for school.   (√)
3. Nice to meet you! 很高兴认识你!
对表示见到某人很高兴的几种表达:
(It’s)Nice to meet you.
=(I’m) Happy/ Glad/ Pleased to meet you.
高分突破:
注意形容词与主语的搭配:
I’m nice to meet you.                    (×)
It’s happy/ glad/ pleased to meet you.   (×)
4. What’s this in English? 这个用英语怎么说?
1) 同义句:What’s the English for this?
2) 用什么语言,介词用in: “in + language”. 例如:
  in English          用英语
    in Chinese          用汉语
    in Japanese         用日语
    in your own words   用自己的语言
高分突破:
用钢笔:in ink = in pen = with a pen
5. Let’s learn English. 让我们学英语。
1) let’s = let us 让我们
Let’s ..., shall we?
Let us ..., will you?
Let’s do sth.
= Why not do sth.?
= What/How about doing sth.? 例如:
Let’s learn English.
= Why not learn English?
= What/How about learning English?
2) let sb. do sth. 让某人做某事  例如:
Let me play the guitar.
Let Tony draw a picture for you.
高分突破:
① let sb. to do sth. (×)
② let sb. do sth. 中的sb.若是代词要用宾格形式。
   Let she sing an English song. (×)
   Let her sing an English song. (√)
③ let sb. do st.. 中的sb.即使是第三人称单数后面的动词仍用原形,例如:
   Let him plays soccer. (×)
   Let him play soccer. (√)
3) learn 学习
learn sth.  学习……, 例如:
 We will learn physics this term.
4) learn sth.  from … 从……学到……, 例如:
 We learnt cooking from my cousin.
5) learn from  向……学习, 例如:
 Let us learn from Lei Feng.
6) learn to do sth.  学做……, 例如:
 Lucy learnt to play the trumpet last summer vacation.
6) learn + 疑问代词 + to do sth. 例如:
 We are learning how to mend this bike.
   You should learn what to say when you meet the foreigners at the airport.
高分突破:
learn和study的区别:
两个词语都有这一用法:learn sth. / study sth.。
但指学习时,study有“深入研究”的含义;而且study不能用作:study to do sth.。
6. What color is this Z?  这个字目Z是什么颜色?
1) 对颜色提问的两种方法:
What color …? = What’s the color of …? 例如:
What color is your purse? = What the color of your purse?
2) color v. 着色
color sth. + 颜色,  例如:
I want to color it red.
高分突破:
1)对名词(复数)的颜色提问时,不能用what colors,例如:
 What color are these cups? (√)
   What colors are these cups? (×)
2) color是可数名词,例如:
 I don’t like these colors.
7. What’s your name? 你叫什么名字?
1) 对姓名的几种提问及回答:
What’s your name? = May I have/know your name?
My name is … = I’m …
2) 姓氏:family name / last name/ surname
   名:  given name/ first name
   全名:full name
3) 中文名字的习惯:
family name / last name/ surname + given name/ first name
   英文名字的习惯:
   given name/ first name + family name / last name/ surname
高分突破:
在交际英语中应注意由于中英文名字的区别所造成的对人物的称呼也不同,例如:
Zhang Xiaoli: Miss Zhang/ Xiaoli (√)
              Zhang/ Miss Xiaoli (×)
Dave Green: Mr. Green/ Dave (√)
            Green/ Mr. Dave (×)
8. Is this your dictionary? 这是你的字典吗?
回答:Yes, it is. / No, it isn’t.
Is this/that ...?
Yes, it is.        / No, it isn’t.        (√)
Yes, this/that is. / No, this/that isn’t. (×)
例如:
Is that your brother’s backpack?
Yes, it is.
高分突破:
-Is this/that + 人?
-Yes, it is.     / No, it isn’t.     (√)
-Yes, he/she is. / No, he/she isn’t. (×)
9. Call John at 495-3539. 给约翰打电话495-3539。
call   v. 打电话
1) 单独使用 “打电话”, 例如:
Please call this evening.
2)call + sb. “给某人打电话”, 例如:
Please call Bob this evening.
3) call + telephone number “拨打某一电话号码”, 例如:
Please call 2377485 now.
4) call + sb. + at + telephone number “给某人打电话”, 例如:
Please call my teacher at 65774839.
请给Gina打电话,她的电话是2684753.
Please call Gina, her phone number is 2684753.
=Please call Gina at 2684753.
10. Thanks for the great photo of your family. 感谢你的全家福照片。
1) 感谢你。
Thanks. = Thank you. (√)
Thank.               (×)
Thanks you.          (×)
2) Thanks for + sth./doing sth. 为……而感谢你。例如:
   Thanks for your help.
  =Thanks for helping me.
3) the photo of your family
  =your family photo
11. Here is my family photo. 这是我的全家福照片。
1)倒装句式:
介词+谓语+主语(名词)
Here is your letter.
On the dresser is my photo.
介词+主语(代词)+谓语
Here you are.
高分突破:
这种倒装句式中,谓语动词一般不用进行时态。
Under the tree _______ a boy.
A. is standing  B. stands  C. stand  D. is stand          ( B )
2)This is ... .的句型也表示“这是……。”但通常用于介绍;而“Here is... .”常用于把某物给说话的对象。
12. Please take these things to your brother. 请把这些东西带给你弟弟。
take, bring, carry 和get的区别:
1) take “带走”,从近处带到远处,例如:
 Please take these books to your home after school.
1) bring “带来”,从远处带来,例如:
 Please bring me some video cassettes.
2) carry “带”,无方向性,指移动较重、较大的东西,有“负重”的含义,例如:
 The bag is too heavy for me. Can you carry it for me?
3) get “去拿来”,相当于go and bring,例如:
 Can I get you something to drink?
13. I need my hat, my ID card, my notebook and my pencils.
我需要我的帽子,身份证,笔记本和铅笔。
need v. 需要
1) need + sth./sb. “需要……” 例如:
She really needs these video cassettes.
2) need to do sth. “需要做……” 例如:
I need to listen to some relaxing music.
3) need doing sth. = need to be done “需要被……” 例如:
These flowers need watering.
=These flowers need to be watered.
14. There are books in the bookcase. 书柜里有书。
There be 句型
1)构成及意义
There be + n. + some place. 在某处有什么。
例如:
There is an alarm clock on the dresser.
There are some keys in the drawer.
2) 否定式
There be + not + a/an +n. + some place.
There be + not + any + n.(pl.) + some place.
There be + no + n. + some place.
例如:
There isn’t a baseball on the floor.
There aren’t any books in the bookcase.
3) 疑问句及回答
Be there + a/an +n. + some place ?
Be there + any +n. (pl.)+ some place ?
--Yes, there is(are).
--No, there isn’t(aren’t any).
How many + n.(pl) +be there + some place?
There is only one.
There are … .
高分突破:
1)There be句型的就近原则:若有两个或两个以上的主语是,谓语常与靠近它的那个主语一致。
例如:
There is a book, two pens and some cups on the table.
There are two pens, some cups and a book on the table.
2)变疑问句或否定句时,应将原句中的some改为any。
3)对不可数名词的数量提问:
There is some broccoli in the bowl.
How much broccoli is there in the bowl?
There are three bowls of broccoli on the table.
How many bowls of broccoli are there on the table?
4)在变特殊疑问句时,不要忘记加are(is) there。
How many kids are there in the room? (√)
How many kids in the room?           (×)
5)需要强调状语时,可以将状语提前。
On the table there is only one tennis racket.
6)与have的区别在于:have表示某人或某物拥有什么;而There be表示在什么地方存在什么。
15. You want to join your school sports center.
你想加入你学校的体育中心。
want 想,想要
1) want + sth./sb. “想要……” 例如:
I want two hamburgers.
2) want to do sth. “想要做……” 例如:
He wants to join the reading club.
3) want sb. (not) to do sth. “想某人(不)做什么” 例如:
My mother wants me to practice English every day.
He wants that boy not to play soccer in the street.
16. Welcome to our sports center. 欢迎到我们体育中心来。
welcome
1)作名词:a warm welcome 热烈欢迎
2)作形容词:You’re welcome. 没关系。
 sb. be welcome to some place  欢迎某人到某地
             sb. be welcome to do sth.     欢迎某人做什么事
3)作动词:welcome sb. 例如:
Let’s welcome Mr. Smith to give us a talk.
17. Ed Edgarson has a great sports collection.
Ed Edgarson有丰富的体育用品收藏。
名词修饰名词:一般情况下变复数时,只有被修饰的名词变为复数形式,例如:
apple tree - apple trees
toy train - toy trains
shoe shop - shoe shops
如果修饰词为man, woman则两个名词都要变为复数形式,例如:
woman doctor - women doctors
man teacher - men teachers
高分突破:
1) 有的名词常以复数形式出现, 例如:
clothes shop - clothes shops
sports center - sports centers
2) 丰富的钢笔收藏:a great/big pen collection
   少的钢笔收藏:  a small pen collection
18. He only watches them on TV. 他只在电视上观看它们。
1) 看:watch, see, look, read
watch TV/ a movie/ a football game/ a match/ the news reports
see a movie/ an old friend
look at the picture/ that funny boy
read the newspaper/ a map/ the menu/ an interesting story
2) on TV 在电视上
   on the phone 在电话里
   on the computer 在电脑上
   on the screen 在屏幕上
19. Do you like bananas? 你喜欢香蕉吗?
1) like v.
like sth. / sb.  喜欢…
like doing sth. 喜欢做…
like to do sth. 想做…
like sb. to do sth. 想要某人做…
would like to do sth.想做…
would like sb. to do sth.想要某人做…
2) like prep.
be like 像…
look/sound like 看/听起来像…
高分突破:
      like doing sth. 喜欢做…(长期的喜好,习惯)
1)
      like to do sth. 想做…(短期的,具体的某一次活动) = want to do
dislike, love, hate 都有类似的用法。
      What does your father like? 你父亲喜欢什么?
2)
      What is your father like? 你父亲长得什么样?
      dislike v. 不喜欢
3)
      unlike prep. 不像
3) 泛指某一类的事物:
不可数名词:直接使用
可数名词: 名词复数 / 冠词+名词单数
20. Runner eats well. 跑步选手吃得好。
1) 构词法:在动词后面加-er或-or,将动词变为名词,意思是“做……的人”
直接加:
clean–cleaner    sing-singer    paint-painter    wait-waiter  
report-reporter   work-worker    teach-teacher    speak-speaker
act-actor         visit-visitor
只加-r:
dance-dancer      write-writer   drive-driver
双写尾字母:
run-runner        swim-swimmer    shop-shopper
高分突破:
1) cook v.烹调 ― cook n.厨师 - cooker n.厨房用具
2) 跑步明星: running star (√)
              runner star  (×)
21. Middlebrook High running star Katrina Pedrosa eats a lot of healthy food. Middlebrook高中的跑步明星Katrina Pedrosa吃许多健康的食物。
1) a lot of = lots of 可以用来修饰可数名词和不可数名词。
 Jim drank a lot of/lots of beer.
I have a lot of/lots of things to do.
2) a lot = a lot of/ lots of +名词
 Do we have some rice at home now ?
   Yes, we have a lot.
3) a lot作状语,表示程度、数量或频率。
 I like ice-cream a lot.
   Thanks a lot.
   I know a lot about it.
22.For breakfast, she likes eggs, bananas and apples.
早饭她喜欢吃鸡蛋,香蕉和苹果。
1) for 就……而言
2) have/eat + 三餐 “吃早/中/晚饭” 例如:
  I usually have lunch at home.
have/eat + a + adj. + 三餐 “吃怎样的早/中/晚饭” 例如:
have a rich/ big/quick/…breakfast  吃了顿丰盛的/迅速的早餐
 We had a quick super tonight.
23. How much are these pants? 这裤子多少钱?
对价格提问:
1) How much …?
2) How much … cost?
3) What’s the price of …?
例如:
 How much is this sweater?
= How much does this sweater cost?
= What’s the price of this sweater?
24. You name it, we have it at a very good price.
只要你说得出来,我们这里都有并以优惠的价格出售。
以怎样的价格: at a ... price
以优惠的/高的/低廉的价格: at a good/ high/ low price
我以优廉的价格买了一双鞋.
I buy a pair of shoes at a good price.
这件毛衣正在以高价出售.
This sweater is on sale at a high price.
高分突破:
price和high、good、low等词搭配使用。
things(东西)和expensive、dear、cheap等词搭配使用。
例如:
The price of this coat is high.  = This coat is expensive.
The price of my trousers is low. = My trousers are cheap.
容易犯的错:
The price of these pants is expensive.
My glasses are low (price).
25. We have T-shirts in red, green and black.
我们出售红色,绿色和黑色的T恤衫。
同义句:We have red T-shirts, green T-shirts and white T-shirts.
n.+ in + 颜色 = 颜色+n. 例如:
She has a new orange jacket. = She has a new jacket in orange.
n. + in all colors 各种颜色的…… 例如:
各种颜色的毛衣: the sweaters in all colors
各种颜色的水: the water in all colors
高分突破:
在n. + in all colors这个短语中,若中心词是可数名词则应用复数形式。
例如:
各种颜色的帽子:the caps in all colors (√)
                the cap in all colors (×)
26. We have black and blue hats for $15.
我们以15美元出售黑蓝色的帽子。
1) 同义句:We sell black and blue hats at the price of $15.
   for + money = at the price of + money 以……(具体的)价格
2) buy sth. for + money 以……(具体的)价格买了什么
   buy sth. for + sb.   给某人买了什么
   例如:
   I bought a pair of red socks for $3.
   I bought a pair of red socks for my daughter.
27. Huaxing Clothing Store Sale1! 华兴服装店大减价!
1) sale n. 出售
2) great sale   大减价
at great sale  在大减价期间,例如:
come and buy some clothes for you at great sale.
3) on sale   正在出售,例如:
Look! The cute toy bears are on sale!
4) for sale   待售, 例如:
This house is for sale!
高分突破:
sell v. 卖
Is that book on sale in you store? = Do you sell that book?
sell sth. to sb. 把什么卖给某人

Ⅳ. 语法精讲
名词
1. 含义
名词表示人或事物的名称或抽象概念,可在句子中充当主语、宾语、宾语补足语、表语或定语。
2. 分类
1)名词可以分为专有名词和普通名词。

 

 

             人名:Gina, Lin Wei, Mr. Bush etc.

             节日:Christmas, Teachers’ Day etc.

专有名词     地名:Chongqing, China, America etc.

             时间:Sunday, September etc.
 
机构,团体等:CCTV, WTO etc.

             个体名词:strawberry, baseball, drum etc.

             集体名词:class, family, people, police etc.
普通名词
             物质名词:water, meat, sea etc.

             抽象名词:work, surprise etc.

高分突破:
专有名词前一般不加冠词。
带有冠词的专有名词:
①由普通名词或形容词构成的专有名词前。例如: the Great Wall  the Summer Palace
②由“普通名词+专有名词”或“专有名词+普通名词” 构成的专有名词前。
例如: the New York Times
③表示全体国民的专有名词前。例如: the Chinese
④表示“一家人”或“夫妇”的专有名词前。例如: the Greens
⑤报刊、书籍、杂志的专有名词前。例如: the Times
⑥团体机关、学校、医院、公共建筑的名称前。例如: the United Nations
⑦江湖、海洋、山脉等名字的专有名词前。例如: the Yellow River

                     可数名词:可以用数目计算,有单复数之分。
例如: event, documentary, tomato etc.
2)按名词的可数性
                     不可数名词:不可以用数目计算,一般没有单复数之分。例如: rice, broccoli, beef etc.


                        单数名词:指单个的可数物体。
例如: a runner,an orange ect
3)按可数名词及其形式

                        复数名词:指两个或以上的可数物体。
例如: some watches, three uncles etc.

3. 名词的数
1) 一般名词的复数形式
高分突破:
① 以y结尾的专有名词,变为复数时,直接加-s。eg the little Marys 小玛丽们
② 以下以f, fe结尾的名词变为复数时,直接加-s。
roof – roofs (房顶)     chief – chiefs (首长)     safe – safes (保险箱)
③ 以下以o结尾的外来词,变为复数时直接加-s。
zoo – zoos   radio – radios   photo – photos   piano – pianos
kilo – kilos   video – videos

2) 名词复数的不规则变化:
sheep – sheep   deer – deer   Chinese – Chinese   Japanese – Japanese
fish –fish   man – men   woman – women   foot – feet   tooth – teeth
child – children   mouse – mice

3) 复合名词的复数形式
词的构成特点 变复数的方法 例词
由若干部分组成并含有一种中心词(指人的词)  将中心词变为复数形式  son-in-law (女婿)—sons-in-law
grandchild—grandchildren(孙子)
looker-on (旁观者)—lookers-on
组成部分均为表示人的主体词 (特别注意由man, woman组成的复合词) 各组成部分都要变为复数形式  woman doctor(女医生)
—women doctor
man teacher(男老师)—men teachers
组成部分没有中心词  最后一个组成词上加 -s  grown-up (成年人)—grown-ups
go-between(中间人)—go-betweens

4) 只有复数形式的名词
scissors(剪刀), trousers(裤子), glasses(眼镜), savings(积蓄)
earnings(工资), arms(武器), thanks(感谢),goods(货物),
clothes(衣服), chopsticks(筷子)

5) 一些名词以s结尾,但一般用单数
economics(经济学),physics(物理),tennis etc.
高分突破:
1) 有一些不可数名词在使用时常常被误作为可数名词使用,因此应特别注意。
例如: advice(意见),labor(劳动),information(信息、消息),
furniture(家具),traffic(交通)。
2) 一些表示度量的名词复数形式在使用时表示单数含义,因此谓语动词用单数。
例如: Two years isn’t a long time to us.
       两年的时间对我们来说不长。

4.名词的格
1) -’s所有格形式的构成
① 大多数单数名词后加 s 构成其所有格形式。
例如: Sally’s address 莎莉的地址
       my cousin’s nationality 我表弟的国籍
② 以 s 结尾的名词(特别是名词复数),在 s 后加
例如: the teachers office   老师们的办公室
       three minutes’ walk   三分钟的路程
③ 复合词和由两个或两个以上名词表示共有关系的词组,在最后一个名词后加所有格符号s。
例如: Mary and Lindas birthday   玛丽和琳达的生日
④如果两个或两个以上名词表示分别的拥有关系,则在每个名词后分别加 S。
例如: Marys and Lindas birthdays   玛丽的生日和琳达的生日

2)以of加名词组成 of 属格
例如: the color of the sweater   毛衣的颜色
       the name of the movie  电影的名字

3)在以下情况中,只能用of与 s 构成双重所有格
① 所有格所修饰的名词前面有一个数量词或一个指示代词that时,要用双重所有格(数量词包括 a,two,some,no,any,few等)。
例如: an aunt of Marys(=one of Marys aunts)
玛丽的一个阿姨
some photos of my mother’s 我母亲的一些照片
that son of Mr. Smiths   史密斯先生的那个儿子
that smile of the boys   那个孩子的微笑

4)名词所有格的省略式
① 当名词所有格所修饰的名词在前面已出现过,为避免重复,往往省略。
例如: I need your trumpet, not Bills.
       我需要你的喇叭,不是比尔的(喇叭)。
② 当被所有格修饰的名词表示店铺、教堂或某人的家时,这一名词省略。
例如: Im going to the tailors to get my dress.
       我要去裁缝店拿我的衣服。
       Well visit St. Pauls (cathedral). 我们将参观圣保罗教堂。
       They took part in the birthday party at Toms.
       他们参加了在汤姆家举行的生日聚会。
高分突破:
1) 不以s结尾的复数名词所有格的构成形式与单数名词的相同。
例如: the childrens movie   孩子们的电影
       the Womens Day妇女节
2) 在以下两个语言点使用的时候,注意其名词的单复数。
例如: Mary and Lindas birthday   玛丽和琳达的生日
       Marys and Lindas birthdays   玛丽的生日和琳达的生日
3)“-s”与“of”两种所有格的区别。
① “-s”所有格形式多用于表示有生命的名词,或表示与人类活动有关的时间、地点、机构等名词。
例如: Toms books   汤姆的书
todays newspaper   今天的报纸
② “of”所有格主要表示无生命的东西。
例如: the ticket of Chinese Kung Fu show   中国功夫表演的门票
the price of the pants  裤子的价格
③ 表示类别或属性时,只能用“-s”所有格形式。
例如: a womens college   女子学院
childrens books   儿童读物
a college of the women   那些女人的学院
④ 所有格中的名词后面有定语(如现在分词短语或介词短语等),只能用“of”所有格形式。
例如: It is the violin of the boy speaking to the teacher.
       这是正同老师说话的那个男生的小提琴。
       He is a student of Fifth Middle School in Xian.
       他是西安第五中学的学生。
⑤ 当所有格中的名词是以定冠词加形容词的形式出现时,只能用 of 构成的所有格形式。
例如: the happiness of the old   老年人的幸福
       the problems of the young   年轻人的问题

5 名词的句法功能
1)在句中作主语
例如: The show is very boring.      
这个节目很无聊。
2)作表语
例如: My brother is a reporter.
我弟弟是个记者。
3)作宾语或复合宾语
例如: He finished his task on time.
他按时完成了他的任务。
We made Tom our captain.
我们选汤姆为我们的队长。
4)作定语
例如: pen pal 笔友
5)作状语
例如: The meeting lasted two hours.
       会议持续了两个小时。
       Wait a moment.
       等一会儿。
       He was late for class this morning.
       今天早晨他上课迟到了。
6)作同位语
例如: Mr. Smith, the movie star, is speaking now.
       电影明星史密斯先生,正在讲话。
       We students should study hard.
       我们学生应该努力学习。
 
代词
1. 含义
代词是为了避免重复而用来代替名词的词,大多数代词具有名词和形容词的作用。
2. 人称代词
1) 表示“我”、“你”、“他(她、它)”、“我们”、“你们”、“他们”的词叫做人称代词。
2) 变化形式
              数      
              人称
         词义
   格 单数 复数
 一 二 三 一 二 三
 我 你 他   她   它 我们 你们 他们
主格 I you he   she   it we you they
宾格 me you him  her   it us you them
3) 用法
① 人称代词的主格在句子中作主语。
例如: He comes from Brazil.
② 人称代词的宾格在句子中作宾语。
例如:Let her play the piano for you.
高分突破:
1) 当几个代词同时作主语时,其顺序一般是:
单数:you, he and I 
复数:we, you and they.
例如: You, he and I are in the same school now.
       We, you and they must come here on time.
2).表示国家、大地、船只、月亮等名词常用she来替代(sun则常用he)。
例如: China is my motherland. She isn’t what she used to be.
3. 物主代词
1) 表示所有关系的代词叫物主代词。物主代词包括形容词性的物主代词和名词性的物主代词。
2) 变化形式
              数      
              人称

               词义
     种类 单数 复数
 一 二 三 一 二 三
 我的 你的 他的 她的 它的 我们的 你们的 他们

形容词性的物主代词 my your his  her   its our your their
名词性的物主代词 mine yours his  hers  its ours your theirs
3) 用法
① 形容词性的物主代词在句中作定语。
例如:Today is his birthday.
② 名词性的物主代词常用来避免前面已提及的名词,在句中作主语、表语、宾语。
例如:This is your backpack, mine is on the floor under the bed.
高分突破:
名词性的物主代词常用在of后作定语。
例如: A friend of mine came to see me yesterday.
4. 反身代词
1) 表示“我自己”、“你自己”、“他自己”等意思的词被称为反身代词。
2) 变化形式
             数
   人称 单数
 复数
第一人称 myself Ourselves
第二人称 yourself Yourselves

第三人称 himself
herself
itself Themselves
3) 用法
① 作主语或宾语的同位语,表示强调。
例如: He himself went to see an action movie yesterday.
       You’d better ask Mr. Green himself about it.
② 作介词宾语。
例如: I learn French all by myself.
③ 与动词:enjoy, help, hurt, teach, look after, take care of, wash, buy, dress连用,作动词宾语。
5. 相互代词
1) 表示相互关系的代词叫相互代词。
2) 相互代词有:each other, one another, 在句中作宾语。
例如:We should help each other.
3) 其所有格格式为:each other’s, one another’s, 作定语。
例如: We don’t know each other’s names.
6. 指示代词
1) 表示“这个”、“那个”、“这些”、“那些”等指示概念的代词叫作指示代词。
2) 指示代词有:this, that, these, those, such, same 等;可以在句中作主语、表语、宾语或定语。
7. 不定代词
1) 表示不定数量的人或物的代词叫做不定代词。
2) 英语中常见的不定代词有:some, any, both, none, either, neither, all, one, each, many, much, another, other, more, most, few, little等。另外还有由some, any, no, every构成的复合不定代词。
3) 不定代词具有名词和形容词的性质,并有可数和不可数之分,在句中可以作主语、表语、宾语、定语、同位语、状语等。
8. 疑问代词
1) 疑问代词what, which, who, whom, whose用来构成特殊疑问句,在句中作主语、宾语、定语和表语。
2) 用法
① what一般用来指物,指人时通常询问职业。
例如: What are you doing?  I’m talking on the phone.
       What is your father?  He’s a policeman.
② who, whom, whose均指人,who为主格形式,在句中作主语或表语;whom是宾格形式,在句中作宾语;whose是所有格形式,一般作定语。
例如: Who’s singing there?
       Whom did you talk with just now?
       Whose car is this?
③ which可以用来指人或物。
例如: Which book is better, this one or that one?
9. 关系代词
关系代词who, whom, whose, which, that用来以引导定语从句。

[强化训练]
I.单项选择
1. Her ____ name is Kate.
A. last  B. first  C. second  D. family
2. This apple is green. His family name is _____, too.
A. Red  B. Black   C. green   D. Green
3. The boy ____ blue ____ Tom.
A. in, is   B. is, in   C. are, on   D. of, are
4. My orange is ______ .
A. a orange  B. orange  C. a green  D. oranges
5. What’s in the lost and found case?
   _________.
A. Set of keys   B. A set of key   C. A set of keies   D. A set of keys
6. Who’s that? __________.
A. That’s a waitress.
B. This is a girl.
C. This is Ms Wang.
D. That’s Mrs Wang.
7. Your uncle is your father’s______.
A. sister  B. cousin  C. friends  D. father
8. Can I see your ID card? ______.
A. OK  B. Can you  C. Good  D. You see
9. Would you please ____ me a pen?
A. take   B. bring   C. know   D. let
10. “ Are the things in this shop dear?”
“ No, they are ______.”
A. good  B. $ 12  C. low price  D. cheap
11. “ ________, that’s a car.”
“ Where? I can’t _____ it.”
A. Look, look  B. Look, see  C. Look at, see  D. See, look at
12. _____ a cute dog. But I don’t know _____ name.
A. It’s, its  B. Its, it’s  C. It’s, it’s  D. Its, its
13. What does he ____ ____ dinner?
A. has, for  B. has, at  C. have, in  D. have, for
14. ______ salad do you eat?
A. How many  B. What many  C. How much  D. What much
15. Does your sister ____ books every day?
A. watch  B. see  C. reads  D. read
16. I buy these watches _____ them ___ $ 12.
A. to, at  B. from, for  C. to, for  D. from, at
17. Sam is ____ years old. He’s a good boy.
A. forteen  B. fourten  C. forty  D. fourteen
18. Let’s sing a song for him.  ____
A. That’s all right.  B. That’s right.  C. All right.  D. Right.
19. Jerry isn’t _____. He’s ______.
A. an English, American  B. English boy, American 
C. English, American  D. English, a American
20. I’m sorry I’m late.
   ________.
A. That’s right.         B. That’s all right.
C. You’re welcome.       D. That’s ok.
II. 句型转换:
1. My sister likes strawberries. (变为一般疑问句)
   _____ your sister _____ strawberries?
2. There are some notebooks in my backpack. (变为否定句)
   There _____ _____ notebooks in my backpack.
3. These are some English dictionaries. (变为单数)
   ___________________________________.
4. Jack usually has a hamburger and a cup of milk for lunch.
(对划线部分提问)
   _____ _____ Jack usually _____ for lunch?
5. She watches TV at home every day. (对划线部分提问)
   ________ ______ she ______ TV every day?
6. Mr. Smith wants to buy a new coat. (对划线部分提问)
   ______ ____ Mr. Smith ______ to _____?
7. This desk is old. (同义句)
   This is ____ _____ desk.
8. He’s Kim’s father. (同义句)
   Kim is _____ ________.
9. What’s the price of the pants? (同义句)
   _____ _____ _____ the pants?
10. I like the red sweater. (同义句)
    I like the ______ ______ ______.
III. 用所给单词的适当形式填空:
1. It’s not ____ alarm clock. (a)
2. Let ____ play tennis. (I)
3. Where ___ Tom’s parents?(be)
4. Many ____. That’s all right.(thank)
5. I see your ______. They are fine.(grandparent)
6. Your ____ are my pen ______.(朋友)
7. His _____ are very cute.(女儿)
8. The two ____ are good. (家庭)
9. _____ answers are right.(they)
10. Her sister and his brother aren’t my _____ (表兄妹)
Ⅳ. 改错
1. This is a his pen.
   ________________________________.
2. Her pen is a yellow.
   ________________________________.
3. Are your name Tom?
   ________________________________.
4. You pen is OK.
   ________________________________.
5. Tom and Peter is English.
   ________________________________.
6. How are you spell “pen”?
   ________________________________.
7. That is they school.
   ________________________________.
8. These is his brothers.
   ________________________________.
9. Tom, where is his keys?
   ________________________________.
10. Let’s play the football.
   ________________________________.
Ⅴ. 翻译填空
1. 你的名字是Peter吗?是的。
   ______ your name Peter? Yes, _____ _____.
2. 那只丢失的手表是新的。
   That ______ ______ is new.
3. 她的叔叔是她妈妈的弟弟。
   Her _______ is her _______ ________.
4. 看!我的录像带在地板上椅子底下。
   Look! My _______ _______ is _______ the floor _______ the chair.
5. 你喜欢体育吗?欢迎加入我们学校体育中心。
   ______ you like ______? ______ to _______ our _______ _______ _______.
6. 这场足球比赛真的很无聊。
   The _________ game is ______ ______ _______.
7. 我阿姨喜欢沙拉但她不喜欢花椰菜。
   My aunt _______ _______ but she ______ ______ _______.
8. 跑步明星Tony午餐常吃牛奶和汉堡。
   _______ _______, Tony, often ______ milk and _______ _______ lunch.
9. 你这条绿色的新短裤多少钱?
   How _______ _______ your new green _______?
   What ______ the _______ of your new green ________?
10. 我们商店出售各种颜色的毛衣。
   The ________ in all _______ are _______ _______ in our store.
Ⅵ. 口语运用
A: Good morning!
B: ________________.
A: _________________________________?
B: I’m looking for a sweater for my sister.
A: How about the red one?
B: No, ________________. I like the blue one.
A: Here you are.
B: Oh, it’s very nice, isn’t it? ____________________?
A: It’s $40.
B: _________________. Can you show me a cheaper one?
A: What about this blue sweater? It’s only $25.
B: Well, it looks nice. ___________. Here’s the money.
A: Thank you.
B: __________.
Ⅶ. 用所给句子补全对话
A: For supper let’s have rice and chicken.
B: _______________________________________.
A: So what do you want to have?
B: _______________________________________.
A: What kind of fruit do you like?
B: _______________________________________.
A: _______________________________________.
B: That’s OK. Thank you.
A: Does your mother like apples?
B: _______________________________________.
1. For supper, I like rice and chicken.
2. Oh, I don’t know. Maybe she does.
3. I like apples.
4. I’m sorry I don’t have apples. How about strawberries?
5. That sounds good.
6. That’s nice but I don’t like chicken at all.
7. What about rice and fish?
Unit 8 ~ Review of Units 8~14
[考点聚焦]
I. 词组归纳
1.  看报纸 ________________
2.  英语演讲比赛 _________________
3.  开一个生日派对 _________________
4.  一次学校的郊游 _________________
5.  每年开一次艺术节 _________________
6.  在四月 __________________
7.  一个流行音乐会 _________________
8.  看一场电影 ________________
9.  一部成功的动作电影 _________________
10. 在周末 ________________
11. 呆在家里 ________________
12. 中国历史 ________________
13. 因为同样的原因 ________________
14. 一句话,简言之 ________________
15. 我最喜欢的电影明星 _________________
16. 实际上 ________________
17. 想成为 ________________
18. 一个京剧艺术家 __________________
19. 加入游泳俱乐部 __________________
20. 弹吉它 ________________
21. 与他人和谐相处 __________________
22. 帮助某人做某事 __________________
23. 加入校园音乐剧 __________________
24. 与某人交谈 __________________
25. 更多的信息 __________________
26. 一支摇滚乐队 __________________
27. 打中国功夫 __________________
28. 填充,填出 __________________
29. 上学 _________________
30. 起床 _________________
31. 吃早饭 _________________
32. 洗澡 _________________
33. 上床睡觉 _________________
34. 列一个时间表 _________________
35. 睡久一点 _________________
36. 做午饭 _________________
37. 穿,戴 _________________
38. 乘公共汽车去…… ___________________
39. 整晚 _________________
40. 练习做某事 _________________
41. 听他说 _________________
42. 到家 ________________
43. 看早间新闻 _________________
44. 一个辛苦却快乐的人 _________________
45. 做作业 ________________
46. 在大约七点钟 _________________
47. 写信给某人 _________________
48. 告诉某人关于某事 _________________
49. 我的科学老师 _________________
50. 谈论 _________________
51. 我所有的同学 __________________
52. 下课以后 __________________
53. 对某人严格 __________________
54. 使我感到疲倦 __________________
55. 来自 __________________
56. 笔友 __________________
57. 英语说得好 ___________________
58. 母语 __________________
59. 做运动 __________________
60. 在电话里交谈 __________________
61. 等待 __________________
62. 我的一些照片 _________________
63. 在下一张相片中 _________________
64. 在学校 __________________
65. 一所国际性的学校 _________________
66. 全世界 __________________
67. 在某些方面 __________________
68. 与……不同 __________________
69. 穿制服 __________________
II. 句型归纳
1.  _______ _______ your birthday?
My birthday is November 11th.
2.  _______ _______ were you born?
I was born in 1992.
3.  _______ she want to _______ to a movie?
Yes, she does.
4.  _______ kind of _______ do you like?
I like action _______ and comedies.
5.  _______ they play _______ guitar?
No, they can’t.
6.  _______ he _______ the art club?
Yes, he can.
7.  _______ _______ she _______?
She can swim.
8.  _______ _______ do you get up?
I get up at 6:00.
9.  _______ her _______ subject?
Her favorite subject is art.
10. _______ his _______ football player?
His favorite football player is Beckham.
11. _______ is your _______ teacher?
My math teacher is Mr. Smith.
12. _______ _______ her parents like folk music?
Because it’s relaxing.
13. _______ _______ John’s pen pal _______?
He’s from Brazil.
14. _______ _______ her pen pal _______ _______?
She comes from Korea.
15. _______ _______ he live?
He _______ in Rio de Janeiro.
16. _______ _______ do they speak?
They speak English and French.
17. _______ _______ _______ _______?
I’m reading.
18. _______ he ______ his homework?
    Yes, he is.
III. 考点归纳
1. I was born in 1992. 我生于1992年。
on, in, at与时间状语连用:
1) on + 具体某一天 / 具体某一天的早、中、晚 / 怎样的早、中、晚
例如: on a day
on Sunday
       on January 2nd
       on the morning of October 1st
       on Monday evening
       on a spring afternoon
       on a warm morning
2)in + 时间段
例如: in the morning / afternoon / evening
       in a year/ season/ month/ April/ week
1) at + 几点, 固定用法
例如: at 8:00
       at noon/ night
       at this time of year
       at present
高分突破:
如果时间状语前面有这些词:this, that, next, last, tomorrow, yesterday, every等,则不用介词。
例如: See you next term.
       Did you have a good time last week?
2. How old are you? I’m fifteen. 你多大了?我十五岁。
对年龄的提问:
How old are you?
What’s your age?
May I know/have your age?
其回答:I’m ... (years old).
高分突破:
1) 表达年龄的几个同义句:
Tom is 15.
=Tom is 15 years old.
=Tom is a 15-year-old boy.
=Tom is a boy of 15.
2) num.-year-old通常只用作定语,其中year用名词单数形式,类似的用法有:
a 1000-word article
an exciting 5-day trip
当数字是8,18,80,800,11等时,注意不定冠词的使用,例如:
an 8-year-old boy
an 11-dollar hat
3. Do you want to go to a movie? 你想去看电影吗?
看电影的表达形式:
go to see/watch a movie
go to see/watch movies
go to the cinema/ movie house
4. Young people usually go to movies on weekends.
在周末年轻人通常去看电影。
在周末:on/at weekends
        on/at the weekend
5. It’s a very successful movie. 这是一部很成功的电影。
1) successful adj.成功的
   常用短语:be successful in doing sth. 成功的做了什么
   例如:He was successful in playing the trumpet in the concert.
2) n. success
   v. succeed
6. I think it’s exciting. 我认为这非常精彩。
1) 几组易混淆意思的形容词:
excited 感到兴奋的      exciting 令人兴奋的
tired 感到疲倦的        tiring 令人疲倦的
bored 感到无聊的        boring 令人无聊的
interested 感兴趣的     interesting 令人感兴趣的
relaxed 感到放松的      relaxing 令人放松的
surprised 感到惊讶的    surprised 令人惊讶的
2) think + 从句
I think I lost my purse on my way home.
高分突破:
注意think的否定转移。
I don’t think I lost my purse on my way home.   (√)
I think I didn’t lose my purse on my way home.  (×)
7. Jack likes Michelle Yan best. Jack最喜欢Michelle Yan。
同义句:Jack’s favorite movie star is Michelle Yan.
like ... best = favorite
favorite adj. 最喜欢的
n. 最喜欢的 (可数名词)
例如: This book is my favorite.
These books are my favorites.
8. He likes her famous movie. 他喜欢她著名的电影。
famous = well-known  adj. 著名的
1) be famous for sth. 因为……而出名, 例如:
Hollywood is famous for the movies and the movie stars.
2) be famous to sb. 对……来说很出名,例如:
Jay Zhou is famous to the young people.
3) be famous as ... 作为……而出名,例如:
Michael is famous as a reporter.
4) well-known 众所周知的
widely-known 广为人知的
world-famous 世界闻名的
9. Jack also likes Beijing Opera. Jack也喜欢京剧。
too, also和either的区别:
1) too用于句末
例如: Tom is from America. Lucy is from America, too.
2) also用于句中(be动词后,行为动词前)
例如: Tom is from America. Lucy is also from America.
3) either用于否定句中
例如: Tom isn’t from America. Lucy isn’t from America, either.
10. He often tells me, “Beijing Opera is really fun!”
他常对我说:“京剧真的很有趣!”
speak, say, talk, tell
speak  强调讲话这一动作本身,演讲或说话的能力、讲某种语言。
It’s your turn to speak.
Can I speak to Mike?
I can speak a little English.
2) say 强调说话的内容。
Let me say “Thanks” to you.
He says he didn’t know it at all.
3)talk 强调交谈。
talk to/with sb.
talk about sth./sb.
4) tell 强调“告诉”。
tell sb. sth. = tell sth. to sb.
tell a lie
tell the truth
tell jokes
高分突破:
say 还有“写着”的意思, 例如:
 Look! There is a card. It says “CLOSED”.     (√)
   Look! There is a card. It writes “CLOSED”.   (×)
11. Can you play the guitar? 妳会弹吉它吗?
play + the 琴
play + 球/棋/牌
play with + … 玩……
例如: Can you play the piano?
       They are playing football now.
   Do you like playing chess?
   Don’t play with fire.
   The girl is playing with a yo-yo.
       She’s playing with her little dog.
12. Are you good with children? 你能和孩子们和谐相处吗?
1) be good with = get on well with  与某人和谐相处
2) be good to 对…… 友好
= be friendly/kind to…
3) be good for sth.   对……有益
= do sth. good
= do good to sth.
反义词:be bad for
反义词:be bad to
4) be good at 擅长……
= do well in
13. Can you help kids with swimming? 你能帮助孩子学游泳吗?
help sb. (to) do sth.
help sb. with sth.
help sb. = give sb. a hand
help yourself (进餐时)自己取用
help n. (U)
例如: I really need some help.
helpful adj. 有帮助的,有用的,有益的
helpless adj. 无助的,没用的
高分突破:
1)help作名词时是不可数名词,但有时可在前加a表示“一种”, 例如:
 It’s a great help for me.
2)短语help oneself在使用时要注意反身代词的单复数,例如:
 Jim, help yourself, please.
   Help yourselves, boys.
14. Please fill it out. 请把它填好。
动词+副词构成的动词短语,其宾语是名词的时候,可放在动词与副词之间,也可以放在副词的后面,例如:
 put sth. on = put on sth.
  take sth. off = take off sth.
  write sth. down = write down sth.
  give sth. back = give back sth.
  work sth. out = work out sth.
  turn sth. off = turn off sth.
  fill sth. out = fill out sth.
但如果宾语是代词it或them则只能放在中间,例如:
 put it on
   take them off
高分突破:
get on “上车”
get on the bus (√)
get on it (√)
15. I’m the last one to take a shower.
1) the + 序数词 (first/ second/ ...last) to do sth.  “第几个做……”, 例如:Gina is the first to know my e-mail address.
2) 洗澡:take/have a shower
         take/have a bath
16. What a funny time to make breakfast! 做早饭的时间多么有趣!
1) 这是一个感叹句。感叹句用以表达说话者的感情,有what和how引导,what和how与所修饰的词放于句首,其它部分用陈述语序。
由what引导的感叹句一般有以下三种结构型式:
①被修饰词是不可数名词时,用 “What+形容词+不可数名词+主语+谓语+……!” 例如:
What great weather!
What sweet water it is!
②被修饰词是可数名词单数时,用 “What+a/an+形容词+单数可数名词+主语+谓语+……!” 例如:
What an interesting movie it is!
③被修饰词是可数名词复数时,用 “What+形容词+复数可数名词+主语+谓语+……!” 例如:
What fantastic books they are!
有how引导的感叹句一般有以下两种形式:
① How+形容词+主语+谓语+……!” 例如:
How expensive the shorts are!
How boring the TV show is!
② How+副词+主语+谓语+……!” 例如:
How loudly he talks!
2) 做早饭:make/cook breakfast (√)
           do breakfast        (×)
17. After breakfast he practiced his guitar. 吃过早饭他练习吉它。
practice + n./doing sth.
He often practices running after school.
高分突破:
初中阶段常见的后面跟动名词的动词有:enjoy, finish, mind etc.
18. He takes the number 17 bus to the Santon Hotel.
他坐17路公车去赛通宾馆。
by car = in the car = drive to
by bus = on the bus = take a bus to
by taxi = take a taxi to
on foot = walk to
by air = by plane = fly to
by water = by ship = by boat=by sea
高分突破:
坐车: take a bus/car/taxi(√)
       sit a bus/car/taxi (×)
19. He works all night. 他整晚都在工作。
all (the) day  整天, 整个白天
all day and all night  整天, 整天整夜
all the year  整年
all the month  整个月
all the week  整个星期
all the summer 整个夏天
20. People love to listen to him.人们喜欢听他的演奏
listen to 听……
hear    听到……
例如: listen to the music   听音乐
hear the music      听到了音乐
高分突破:
1) 听老师说:
listen to the teacher(√)
listen to the teacher speak(×)
2) 动作短语:                       表结果:
          look at                          see
          look for                         find
          listen to                        hear
21. He gets home at 7:00. 他七点钟到家。
到达:reach
      arrive in/at
      get to
高分突破:
1) home, here, there这几个副词前面不用介词,其用法如下:
reach/ arrive/ get + home/ here/there
2) arrive in + 较抽象的大地方
arrive at + 具体的地方
22. I’m really busy today. 我今天真的很忙。
忙于做某事: be busy with sth.
             Be busy (in) doing sth.
23. All my classes finish at 2:00. 我所有的课都在两点钟结束。
= All of my classes finish at 2:00.
all 全部,所有
1) adj. 修饰名词
all the/one’s + n.(pl) 例如:
all the books
all my friends
2) pron.
① all the/one’s + n.(pl) = all of the/one’s 例如:
all the books = all of the books
all my friends = all of my friends
② 作主语同位语时,应放在助动词、情态动词、be动词之后,行为动词之前,例如:
 We are all students, we all work hard.
  The children all look nice.
= All the children look nice.
= All of the children look nice.
24. Our teacher is very strict and he makes me very tired.
我们的老师非常的严格,而且常使我感到很累。
1) strict 严格的
① be strict with sb. 对某人严格
My teacher is strict with us.
Their parents are really strict with them
② be strict in sth. 对某事严格
Our teacher is strict in our homework.
He is strict in my work.
③be strict with sb. in sth. 对某人在某事方面严格
They are strict with me in my work.
Mr Green is strict with his son in his homework.
She is strict with her sister in her study.
2) make + sb. + (feel) + adj. 使某人感到……,例如:
That news really made me (feel) happy.
25. Where is your pen pal from? 你的笔友是哪里的人?
= Where does your pen pal come from?
1) be from = come from 来自
高分突破:
使用时注意动词的变化:
She’s from Korea.     = She comes from Korea.
She isn’t from Korea. = She doesn’t come from Korea.
Is she from Korea?     = Does she come from Korea?
常见的错误:
Where is he come from?
Where does he from?
2) 国籍的几种表达方法:
Tom是个美国人。
Tom is American.
Tom is an American.
Tom is an American boy.
Tom is from America.
Tom comes from America.
总结
国家 n. 国家的 adj. 人 n. 人 n. (pl.)
China Chinese Chinese Chinese
Japan Japanese Japanese Japanese
America (the USA) American American Americans
Canada Canadian Canadian Canadians
France French Frenchman Frenchmen
Italy Italian Italian Italians
Germany German German Germans
Australia Australian Australian Australians
the UK English Englishman Englishmen
Russia Russian Russian Russians
高分突破:
German (德国人)的复数形式不是Germen, 而是Germans.
26. Can you write to me soon? 请尽快给我写信。
给某人写信:  write (a letter) to sb.
收到某人的信:get a letter from sb.
              hear from sb.
27. That sounds good. 听上去不错。
sound/look + 形容词     听/看起来怎样
sound/look like + 名词  听/看起来像什么
高分突破:
对两个短语提问的疑问代词不同:
His idea sounds fantastic.   →    How does his idea sound?
The cat looks like a cap.    →    What does the book look like?
28. What’s he waiting for? 他在等什么?
wait for 等待什么
wait to do sth. 等着做什么
can’t wait to do sth. 迫不及待的做某事
高分突破:
wait at/in ... 在哪里等
Look! Jennifer is waiting ____ the bus stop.
A. for   B. to   C. at   D. on
正确答案: C
29. In the first photo, I’m playing basketball at school.
在第一张相片里我正在学校打篮球。
(印)在书/报纸/相片……上:in the book/ newspaper/ photo ...
(放)在书/报纸/相片……上:on the book/ newspaper/ photo ...
30. 英语中日期的表达:
1) 英文对日期的表达顺序:月,日,年。
中文对日期的表达顺序:年,月,日
2)对星期几提问:What day is it today?
   对日期提问:  What’s the date today?
31.购物的英语常用语:
1) 售货员招呼顾客:
① May I help you?
② Can I help you?
③ What can I do for you?
④ What would you like?
2) 顾客常用语:
① No, thanks. I’m just looking around.
② I’m looking for ... .
③ I’d like to have/buy ... .
④ Can you show me ... ?
⑤ Could I have a look at ... ?
3) 询问顾客想买东西的特征:
① What kind would you like?
② What color would you like?
③ What size would you like?
4) 顾客询问价格:
① How much is it(are they)?
② How much does it cost(do they cost)?
③ What’s the price of ...?
5) 顾客决定要买:
I’ll take/have it(them).
6) 付钱:
Here’s the money.
Ⅳ. 语法精讲
数词
   数词分为基数词和序数词,基数词表示人或事物的数量,序数词表示人或事物的次序。
1. 基本的基数词和序数词的构成:
基数词 序数词
one                        1 the first                  1st
two                        2 the second                 2nd
three                      3         the third                  3rd
four                       4      the fourth                 4th
five                       5 the fifth                  5th
six                        6 the sixth                  6th
seven                      7 the seventh                7th
eight                      8 the eighth                 8th
nine                       9 the ninth                  9th
ten                        10        the tenth                  10th
eleven                     11 the eleventh               11th
twelve                     12  the twelfth                12th
thirteen                   13   the thirteenth             13th
fourteen                   14 the fourteenth             14th
fifteen                    15 the fifteenth              15th
sixteen                    16 the sixteenth              16th
seventeen                  17  the seventeenth            17th
eighteen                   18 the eighteenth             18th
nineteen                   19 the nineteenth             19th
twenty                     20 the twentieth              20th
twenty-one                 21 the twenty-first           21st
thirty                     30 the thirtieth              30th
forty                      40 the fortieth               40th
fifty                      50 the fiftieth               50th
sixty                      60 the sixtieth               60th
seventy                    70  the seventieth             70th
eighty                     80 the eightieth              80th
ninety                     90   the ninetieth              90th
a(one) hundred            100 the hundredth             100th
a(one) thousand           1000 the thousandth            1000th
a(one) million           1 000 000 the millionth          1 000 000th
a(one) billion       1 000 000 000 the billionth      1 000 000 000th
1) 基数词的表达法:
① 1~12的基数词是独立的单词。
② 13~19的基数词均以-teen结尾,注意thirteen, fifteen, eighteen的拼写。
③ 20~90的整十位数均以-ty结尾,注意twenty, thirty, forty, fifty的拼写。
④ 几十几的基数词是由十位数词和个位数词合成,中间加连字符“-”。例如:
   21: twenty-one;  32: thirty-two
⑤ 三位数的构成:几+百+and+末位数。例如:
   102: one hundred and two     654: six hundred and fifty-four
⑥ 千以上的数字的读法:从后往前,每三位数一个单位。例如:
   3762: three thousand seven hundred and sixty-two
   98733: ninety-eight thousand seven hundred thirty-three
高分突破:
① 基数词可以和名词构成合成形容词,但名词要用单数。例如:
   a 7-year-old girl  一个七岁大的小女孩
② “几十”的数词的复数形式可以表示人的岁数或年代。例如:
   in his forties 在他四十多岁时
   in the 1940s   在二十世纪四十年代
③ 数词hundred, thousand, million, billion等前无修饰词时,须用复数且后常接介词of,如有many,some,several,a few等修饰词时,可用复数或单数形式,但复数时常有介词of,例如:
   three hundred kids
   hundreds of kids
   many thousand kids = many thousands of kids
2) 序数词的表达法:
   序数词=基数词+th(第1,第2,第3为first, second, third),但要注意:
① fifth, eighth, ninth, twelfth的拼写。
② 以ty结尾的基数词变词尾为tie再加th。
③ 几十几以上的基数词变序数词时只有个位数变为序数词。
2 数词的应用:
1) 表示时钟,例如:seven o’clock, eight fifty
2) 表示编号,例如:
   Unit One = the first unit
   Bus 107 = the number 107 bus
3) 表示年月,例如:
   July 27, 2005
4) 分数的表达法:
   分子用基数词,分母用序数词。当分子大于1时,分母用复数,例如:
   1/3: one third    4/5: four fifths
高分突破:
1/2: one second = a/one half
1/4: one fourth = a/one quarter
3/4: three fourths = three quarters
5) 倍数的表达法:
   两倍用twice,三倍以上用基数词+times表示,常见句型如下:
① ...times + as...as... 例如:
   This bag of bananas is twice as heavy as that one.
② ...times + 比较级 + than... 例如:
   My ruler is three times longer than yours.
③ ...times the size(height, length, weight) of ... 例如:
   This tree is twice the height of that one.

[强化训练]
I.单项选择
1. _______________? Today is March 8th, the Teachers’ Day.
A. What day is it today?
B. Is it Teachers’ Day today?
C. What’s the date today?
D. When is Teachers’ Day?
2. _______ year were you born?
A. When   B. What   C. Where   D. What time
3. What kind of movie do you like?
   I like _________________.
A. action movie and comedy     B. action movies and comedies
C. action movies and comedy    D. action movie and comedies
4. I’m very _______ because there’s an _______ football match on TV tonight.
A. excited, exciting           B. exciting, exciting
C. exciting, excited           D. excited, excited
5. How many _____ are there in one year?
   Twelve.
A. years   B. days   C. months   D. weeks
6. We’ll have a party _____ his birthday.
A. in   B. as   C. on   D. at
7. _____ the same reason, I like Jackie best.
A. Because   B. For   C. In    D. On
8. Mr. Brown lets Tom _____ Chinese Kung Fu for us.
A. does   B. do   C. to do   D. doing
9. Gina sings many ______ songs, she sings them _____.
A. good, well   B. well, good   C. good, good   D. well, well
10. A singer ______ for our rock band!
A. wants   B. want   C. wanted   D. to want
11. Are you good _____ young children?
A. for   B. at   C. with   D. on
12. There _____ some information about the TV show for you.
A. be   B. is    C. are   D. to be
13. Sam ____________ 10:00 pm.
A. gets up on                      B. goes to bed in  
C. have breakfast at               D. gets home at
14. It’s 6:30. It’s time _____ supper.
A. for   B. to   C. for have   D. to having
15. Who is the last _____ take a shower at your home?
A. man for   B. one to    C. one   D. first to
16. Mr. Smith teaches _______.
A. my English   B. me English   C. I English   D. English me
17. Where _____ your pen pal _____?
A. does, form   B. is, come from   C. does, comes from   D. is, from
18. _____ is your favorite singer?
A. What   B. Who   C. What one   D. When
19. Where is your grandfather?
    __________________________.
A. He’s nice.
B. He usually has tea in his bedroom.
C. He’s reading newspaper.
D. He’s on the dresser.
20. Look! Lily is _______.
A. writeing a letter.
B. cleanning the blackboard.
C. drawing.
D. shoping.
II. 句型转换:
1. I think  documentaries are interesting. (变为否定句)
   I ______ ______ documentaries ______ interesting.
2. Jenny can play the piano and the violin. (变为否定句)
   Jenny ___ ____ the piano ___ the violin.
3. Lily usually buys her clothes at this shop.(一般疑问句)
   ____ Lily usually ____ her clothes at this shop?
4. He wants to sell his bike to me.(一般疑问句)
   ____ he _____ _____ _____ his bike to me?
5. Jim eats chicken at home. (对划线部分提问)
_____ _____ Jim _____ at home?
6. She can play the piano. (对划线部分提问)
   _____ _____ she ____?
7. He likes romance.( 对划线部分提问)
   ______ ______ ______ _______ _______ he like?
8. She usually has a shower at 9:30 pm. (对划线部分提问)
   _____ _____ ______ she usually _____ a shower?
9. Jim’s favorite subject is science. (同义句)
   Jim ______ science ______.
10. It’s time for me to have breakfast. (同义句)
    It’s time ______ my _______.
III. 用所给单词的适当形式填空:
1. December is the ______ month of the year. (twelve)
2. Do you think the school trip is ________? (interest)
3. I don’t like _______ because it’s scary. (thriller)
4. He’s a good _______, he can ______ well. (swim)
5. He is my favorite ________. (music)
6. She often practices ________ after school. (dance)
7. Peter’s family are from Canada, so they are __________. (Canada)
8. Tony with his parents _____ in Mexico City. (live)
9. Is his father _____ on the jacket now? (put)
10. She wants to _____ a basketball player. (be)
Ⅳ. 改错
1. Monday is the first day of a week.
   _________________________________.
2. We can learn a lot of about Chinese history.
   _________________________________.
3. I like him to play piano for me.
   _________________________________.
4. Please tell to Mr. Wang for more information.
   _________________________________.
5. In the morning of December 25th, we usually visit our friends.
   _________________________________.
6. He usually goes to work by the taxi.
   _________________________________.
7. Can you think what is his job?
   _________________________________.
8. How a great time to play soccer outside.
   _________________________________.
9. These are some of my friend.
   _________________________________.
10. On the next photo he’s listening the music.
   _________________________________.
Ⅴ. 翻译填空
1. 李老师的生日是9月30日.
   Mr. Li’s _______ is September _______.
2. Jackie Chan 是一个成功的演员。
Jackie Chan is _____ ____________ _______.
3. 你能拉好小提琴吗?
   Can you _______ _______ ________ _______?
4. Michael Jordan以篮球明星出名。
   Michael Jordan is __________ __________ a basketball ________.
5. 今天你能读完这些书吗?
   Can you _________ _________ these _______ today?
6. 她和她父亲常在周末去看京剧。
   She _____ her father often goes to ________ _______ on weekends.
7. 他忙着为他的摇滚乐队找歌手。
   He’s _______ in _________ for a singer _______ his rock band.
8. 我妈妈正在做饭,我爸爸正在写信。
   My mom is ________, my dad is ________ a letter.
9. 玲玲来自中国,她能说中文。
   Lingling ________ ________ China, she can _______ ________.
10. 他不喜欢数学,因为数学对他来说太难了。
   He ______ ______ math, because it’s too ________ for _______.
Ⅵ. 口语运用
A: __________________?
B: I’m John Green.
A: ___________________?
B: I want to join chess club.
A: ___________________?
B: Sorry I can’t, but I really like it.
A: I’m sorry but you can’t join the club. _______________?
B: I can swim, and I swim very well.
A: _______________________?
B: That sounds good. I like swimming club, too.
A: Please fill it out.
B: OK, thank you.
Ⅶ. 用所给句子补全对话
A: Hello, Jack! _________________?
B: I’m writing a letter to my parents.
A: Where are they?
B: ________________________.
A: ________________________?
B: There are four, my parents, my brother and I.
A: ________________________?
B: He’s at school now.
A: ________________________?
B: OK, it’s a good idea!
A: See you later.
B: See you later.
1. How are you?
2. Can we play soccer later?
3. Where is your brother?
4. Do you have brother or sister?
5. They are in the UK on vacation now.
6. How many people are there in your family?
7. What are you doing?
Junior One II
Unit 1 ~ 4
[考点聚焦]
I. 词组归纳
1.  在邮局和电子游戏中心之间 ________________
2.  在公用电话对面 _________________
3.  带我的狗去散步 _________________
4.  打的去…… _________________
5.  玩得高兴 _________________
6.  在附近 _________________
7.  直走 _________________
8.  向左转 _________________
9.  在图书馆的右边 _________________
10. 欢迎来到花园小区!_________________
11. 一幢有一个美丽花园的房子 _________________
12. ……的开始 __________________
13. 一个消遣的好地方 _________________
14. 去我家的路 __________________
15. 有点儿,稍微 ___________________
16. 在晚上 ___________________
17. 吃草和树叶 __________________
18. 想要,愿意 __________________
19. 青椒 ___________________
20. 冰茶 ___________________
21. 也,还,而且 ___________________
22. 比萨快递 ___________________
23. 点一份比萨 ___________________
24. 看菜单 ____________________
25. 售货员 _________________
26. 警官 _________________
27. 银行职员 _________________
28. 警察局 _________________
29. 出去,外出 _________________
30. 想成为 _________________
31. 与……一起工作 __________________
32. 把某物给某人 __________________
33. 从某人处得到某物 __________________
34. 穿一套白色的制服 __________________
35. 与某人交谈 __________________
36. 参加校园剧的演出 __________________
37. 有一份护士的工作给你 __________________
38. 5~12岁的儿童 __________________
II. 句型归纳
1.  _______ _______ a supermarket?
No, there isn’t.
2.  _______ the park?
It’s _______ Center Street.
3.  _______ the hotel?
It’s next _______ the bank.
4.  _______ _______ he like koala bears?
Because they’re _______ of cute.
5.  _______ _______ ________ pizza would you like?
I’d like a pepperoni pizza, please.
6.  _______ _______ pizza would she like?
_______ like a medium pizza.
7.  _______ would they like _______ their pizza?
They’d like mushrooms, onions and olives.
8.  _______ _______ he do?
He’s a reporter.
9.  _______ _______ he?
He’s a doctor.
10. _______ _______ she want to _______?
A sales assistant.
III. 考点归纳
1. 关于问路及回答的常用语
1) Excuse me, is there a ...?
Excuse me, where is the ...?
Excuse me, which is the way to the ...?
Excuse me, can you tell me the way to the ...?
Excuse me, can you tell me how to get to the ...?
Excuse me, how can I get to the ...?
2) Go/Walk straight (along the street).
Go/Walk along/up/down the street.
Go/Walk along/up/down the street to the end.
Go/Walk along/up/down the street about ten minutes.
   Turn (to the) left/right.
Turn left/right at the traffic lights.
Turn left/right at the second turning.
(= Take the second turning on the left/right.)
2. There’s a bank on the Central Street. 在中心路有一个银行。
在路上: in/on the street
高分突破:
以上两个短语可互换,当出现具体的门牌号时介词用at,例如:
at Central Street No. 17 在中心路17号
3. Turn left off the busy First Avenue and enjoy the city’s quiet streets and small parks.
向左转出第一大道,你可以欣赏到城市里宁静的街道和小公园。
enjoy v. 喜欢,欣赏
1) enjoy sth.
Do you enjoy the dinner tonight?
2) enjoy + doing sth. 喜欢做某事
Jack enjoys playing the drum.
3) enjoy oneself  玩得高兴
= have a good time
= have fun
They enjoyed themselves in the zoo yesterday.
= They had a good time in the zoo yesterday.
= They had fun in the zoo yesterday.
4. Take a walk through the park on Central Avenue.
   步行穿过中心大道的公园。
1) 散步: take a walk
         have a walk
         go for a walk
         walk
2) through 穿过(立体的)……
   across穿过(平面的)……
例如:go/walk/run/drive  through  the rain/ forest/ city
      go/walk/run/drive  across the street/ road/ bridge/ avenue
      swim across the river
高分突破:
Go through the street. 顺着这条街走。
Go across the street. (横穿)过马路。
5. Next to the hotel is a small house with an interesting garden.
   在宾馆旁边是一幢有一个有趣花园的小房子。
1) 形容词作定语修饰名词放在名词的前面,例如:
 a new teacher
  a fantastic movie
  an exciting soccer ball game
2) 形容词修饰不定代词放在不定代词的后面, 例如:
 something dangerous
  anything different
3) 介词短语、分词作定语放在所修饰词的后面,例如:
 a T-shirt like this
  a student in No.14 Middle School
  the boy with short curly hair
  the girl in red sweater
  the man wearing a pair of new shoes
  the kite made buy Lucy
高分突破:
对介词短语、分词定语提问时疑问代词常用which
 The man in the car is my father.
  Which man is your father?
6. This is the beginning of the garden tour.
   这是花园旅行的开始。
1) at the beginning of :在...开始的时候,例如:
   at the beginning of this week/ month
At the beginning of a math class she usually asks a question.
Tom sings a song at the beginning of the music festival.
   反义词组:
at the end of :在...结束的时候
 at the end of this year/ February/ Unit Two
2) in the beginning 在开始的时候,例如:
   He couldn’t speak Chinese at all in the beginning.
   反义词组:
   in the end 最后
3) beginner 初学者
7. Let me tell you the way to my house.
   让我告诉你去我家的路。
1) the way to ……        到……去的路
   the answer to ……     ……的答案
   the key to ……        ……的答案,……的钥匙
   the guide to ……      ……的指南
   the direction to ……  到……去的路、方向
2) on the way to ……    在去……的路上
   on one’s way to …… 在某人去……的路上
   in one’s way to …… 挡在某人去……的路上
高分突破:
在这几个短语中如果后接home, here, there这几个副词,须将to去掉。
例如:on the way home/ here/ there
8. Why do you like them? Because they’re kind of cute.
   你为什么喜欢它们? 因为它们有点可爱。
1) 英语表达中不能连用的词:
① because和so,例如:
 Because I like the toys, I will buy a lot.      (√)
  Because I like the toys, so I will buy a lot.    (×)
② though/although和but,例如:
Though/Although I like the toys, I will buy a lot.     (√)
  Though/Although I like the toys, but I will buy a lot. (×)
2) 有点,稍微:kind of
             = a little            
             = a little bit        + adj.
             = a bit
高分突破:
1) kind of 在某些短语中表示种类,例如:
   all kinds of 各种各样的
   different kinds of 各种各样的,不同种类的
   many kinds of 许多种的
   this/that kind of 这/那种的
   a kind of 一种……
2) a little + 不可数名词 “一点…”,前面常与only连用。
little + 不可数名词 “几乎没有…”,前面常very与连用。
注意两个翻译:
   There is a little sheep. 有一只小绵羊。
There is a little water. 有一点水。
3) not a bit = not at all
   not a little = very much
9. Isn’t he cute? 难道他不可爱吗?
难道它不在你的包里吗? 是的,它不在。
否定疑问句的构成:用not的简略式-n’t与句首的be, have, has, 助动词或情态动词连用,开始一个问句。
否定疑问句用来表达一种强烈的肯定或惊奇、赞扬、责备、建议等,回答是根据实际情况或事实用yes和no。例如:
Isn’t it an interesting TV show?   Yes, it is. / No, it isn’t.
Can’t you do it by yourself? Yes, I can. / No, I can’t.
高分突破:
1)回答时应与事实一致,而不应按汉语的习惯来做答。
2)回答时注意一致性,即Yes+肯定,No+否定。以下的回答是错误的:
Aren’t they ours? Yes, they aren’t. / No, they are.
10. What other animals do you like? 你还喜欢别的什么动物?
1) other, others
other adj.
other + 可数名词的复数/不可数名词 “其他的……,另外的……”,不单独使用。
例如:I need other dictionaries.
others pron.
others = other + 可数名词复数
例如:I don’t like these shorts, please give me some others (=other shorts).
2) other, another
other adj.
other + 可数名词的复数/不可数名词 “其他的……,另外的……”(三者以上),不单独使用。
another adj.
another + 可数名词单、复数 “另一个(一些)……”(三者以上),可单独使用(此时为代词)。
例如:Do you want another cup of coffee?
We need another three chairs (=three more chairs)
3) the other, the others
one … the other (the other + 可数名词单数)    一个……另一个
some … the others (the other + 可数名词复数)  一些……另一些
11. What would you like? 你想要什么?
1) would like sth. 想要什么
   would like to do sth. 想做什么
   would like sb. to do sth. 想某人做某事
2) 同义句互换:
   What kind of food would you like?
 =What would you like to eat?
3) 请你……。(注意两个交际英语的区别)
   Would you like to do sth. please?
   Would you please do sth. ?
例如:请你把书放进抽屉里。
   Would you like to put these books in the drawer, please?
   Would you please put these books in the drawer?
12. What’s your address? 你的地址是哪里?
= Where do you live/work…?
高分突破:
对address提问疑问代词用what,不能用where。
Where is your e-mail address? (×)
13. We also have great salad as well as soda.
    我们还有配有苏打水的沙拉。
= We also have great salad with soda.
高分突破:
with和as well as连接主语时,谓语动词的单复数由with和as well as前面的主语决定;但是and连接主语时谓语动词用复数,例如:
Tony as well as Bill goes to movies every week.
= Tony with Bill goes to movies every week.
= Tony and Bill go to movies every week.
14. 英语中对职业的提问:
What does he do?
= What is he?
= What’s his job?
高分突破:
what是对人的职业提问,而who是对人的身份提问,因此在回答时要注意区别:
Who’s that man?     He’s my uncle.
What’s your uncle?  He’s a policeman.
15. People give me their money or get their money from me.
人们给我钱或是从我这里拿走他们自己的钱。
give sth. to sb. = give sb. Sth.
类适用法的词还有:
lend, show, pass, send, bring, sell, offer, hand, teach, tell, return, throw, wish等。
高分突破:
当sth.为代词it或them时,只能用:give it/them to sb.的结构。
16. I wear a white uniform. 我穿一套白色的制服。
wear, put on, dress, be in
1)wear “穿着”,表状态= be in
She wears a purple sweater today.
= She’s wearing a purple sweater today.
= She’s in a purple sweater today.
  wear “留,蓄”
  wear a beard  留胡子
  wear long hair 蓄长发
  wear sunglasses 戴太阳眼镜
2)put on “穿上”,表动作
Tom is putting on his shirt.
3)dress “穿”,可表动作或状态
 dress sb. = get sb. dressed给某人穿衣服
  He is too young to dress himself.
= He is too young to get himself dressed.
17. I meet interesting people every day.
我每天遇见有趣的人。
1) meet “遇见,认识,迎接” 例如:
I like meeting different people every day.
Nice to meet you.
Would you please meet her at the airport?
2) every day 副词词组,表示“每天,天天”,在句中作状语。
   everyday 形容词,表示“日常的,每日的”,在句中作定语。
Some people are very interested in the stars’ everyday life.
有些人对明星的日常生活非常感兴趣。
Peter practices his trumpet every day.
Peter每天都练习吹喇叭。
18. Do you want to work for us as a reporter?
   你愿意为我们工作吗?是当记者?
1) work for 为……工作
Jeff works for a big company.
2) work as 当……
Would you like to work as a waiter?
3) work at/in 在哪里工作
His brother works in a famous hotel.

Ⅳ. 语法精讲
一般现在时
1. 构成
一般现在时主要由动词的原形表示,当主语是第三人称单数时,则在动词原形后加-s或-es,词尾读音分别为/s/, /z/和/iz/。规则如下:
规则 例词
一般动词在词尾加-s
在清辅音后读/s/
在元音和浊辅音后读/z/ help – helps
work – works
climb – climbs
在以字母s, x, o, ch, sh结尾的动词后加-es;
如词尾已有e,则只加-s, 读作/iz/ teach – teaches
guess – guesses
close – closes
以辅音字母+y结尾的动词,变y为i后,加-es,读作/z/ study – studies
fly – flies
高分突破:
动词have和be的第三人称单数形式为:has和is。
2. 一般现在时的肯定、否定、一般疑问句式及回答。列表如下:
行为动词(以do为例)
肯定式 否定式 一般疑问句式及回答

 

I
We
You     do ...
They
 


I
We
You     don’t do ...
They
 Do I do ...?
Yes, you do.
No, you don’t.
Do we do ...?
Yes, you(we) do.
No, you(we) don’t.
D you do ...?
Yes, I (we) do.
No, I (we) don’t.
Do they do...?
Yes, they do.
No, they don’t.
He
She    does...
It He
She    doesn’t do ...
It Does he(she, it) do ...?
Yes, he(she, it) does.
No, he(she, it) doesn’t.
(don’t = do not ; doesn’t = does not )
动词be
肯定式 否定式 一般疑问句式及回答
I am ... I am not ... Am I ...?
Yes, you are.
No, you aren’t.
He
She    is...
It He
She    isn’t...
It he
Is   she ...?
it
Yes, he(she, it) is.
No, he(she, it) isn’t.


We
You
They      are ...
...
 

We
You
They      aren’t ...
...
 Are we ...?
Yes, you are.
No, you aren’t
Are you ...?
Yes, we are.
No, we aren’t.
Are they...?
Yes, they are.
No, they aren’t.
(isn’t = is not  ; aren’t = are not)
3. 一般现在时的用法
1) 表示经常发生的动作、存在的状态或现阶段的习惯。常用时间状语:often, always, usually, every day, on Sundays etc.
例如:He often goes to work on foot.
2) 表示客观事实和普遍真理。
例如:Three and four is seven.
      The earth travels around the sun.
3) 表示现在的状态和外部特征。
例如: You look fantastic today.
4) 表现在的喜好、愿望、观点等。
例如:He hopes to see you soon.
5) 表示已安排或计划好将来必定会发生的动作或状态,即用一般现在时表示将来,一般用动词:be, come, go, arrive, leave, start etc.
例如: His train leaves at 2:00 this afternoon.
6) 有几个由here, there开头的句子,动词用一般现在时表示现在正在发生的动作。
例如:There goes the bell.   铃声响了。
      Here comes the bus.    车来了。
高分突破:
在含时间和条件状语从句的复合句中,主语用一般将来时,从句则用一般现在时表示将来的动作。
例如:I will stay at home if it rains tomorrow.
      She’ll come to my home as soon as she arrives here.

[强化训练]
I.单项选择
1. In England traffic goes ______ the road.
A. in the middle of       B. on the right of
C. on the left of         D. in the front of
2. The Greens live in the big house _____ an interesting swimming pool.
A. in   B. has   C. with   D. on
3. Excuse me, can you tell me _________?
A. how can I get to the children’s palace
B. how to arrive the children’s palace
C. how can get to the children’s palace
D. how to get to the children’s palace
4. Which animal is dangerous?
A. A horse.   B. A lion.   C. A giraffe.   D. A koala.
5. What __________ do you want to see in the zoo?
A. other animal       B. the other animal
C. another animals    D. other animals
6. _______________?
   He’d like a medium one.
A. What kind of pizza would he like?
B. What size pizza would he like?
C. What would he like on the pizza?
D. What would he like to eat?
7. I’d like _____ to drink.
A. some oranges   B. some iced tea   C. some lemonades   D. juices
8. Here _____ some news about the job for you.
A. are   B. is   C. be   C. am
9. I work ___ him ___ a waiter.
A. as, to   B. for, to   C. for, as   D. as, in
10. The busy street is _______ to small children.
A. difficult   B. dangerous   C. interesting   D. fun
II. 句型转换:
1. Turn right at the first turning. (变为否定句)
   _____ _____ right at the first turning.
2. This lion comes from Africa. (用America改为选择疑问句)
   _____ this lion _____ from _______ _______ _______?
3. Isn’t the panda cute? (给出否定回答)
   _____________________.
4. He would like a pizza and a cup of coffee. (变为否句)
   He ______ _____ a pizza and a cup of coffee.
5. I’m very busy when people go out to dinners. (变为一般疑问句)
   ____ ____ very busy ____ people go out to dinners?
6. I always give their money to them. (对划线部分提问)
   _____ _____ you always _____ to them?
7. He usually sleeps and relaxes 20 hours every day. (对划线部分提问)
   _____ _____ _____ he usually _____ and _____ every day?
8. I like to help the doctors. (对划线部分提问)
   _____ ____ you like _____ _____?
9. What’s your mother? (同义句转换)
   _____ _____ your  mother _____?
10. I think cheese pizza is expensive. (同义句转换)
    I _____ _____ cheese pizza is _______.
III. 用所给单词的适当形式填空:
1. I know you _________ soon. (arrive)
2. Panda likes to eat leaves and ________. (grass)
3. Teachers ask us ______ in class. (not talk)
4. They work in the police station, they are ________. (policeman)
5. Today we have some great _______. (special)
Ⅳ. 改错
1. I really like to meet interesting people everyday.
   _______________________________________.
2. He would likes some pepperoni and olives on the pizza.
   _______________________________________.
3. What would you like? We like story books.
   _______________________________________.
4. Be careful when you go through the street.
   _______________________________________.
5. At the begining of the garden tour we’ll visit Hua Xin Rd.
   _______________________________________.
Ⅴ. 翻译填空
1. 大桥街是一个好玩的地方。
   Bridge Street is a good place _____ ______ _____.
2. 每个人都想放松自己。
   Everyone ______ ______ ______ themselves.
3. 我每天工作很晚。
   I ______ ______ every day.
4. 我想要一份小的橄榄比萨。
   I would like a _______ _______ _______.
5. Nancy坐在Paul的左边。
   Nancy _______ ______ _______ _______.
Ⅵ. 用所给句子补全对话
A: Can I help you?
B: ___.
A: What kind of noodles would you like?
B: ___.
A: We have beef, chicken, mutton, cabbage, potato...
B: ___.
A: Sure. And what size would you like?
B: ___.
A: We have large, medium and small bowls.
B: ___.
1. OK, I’d like mutton and potato noodles, please.
2. What kind of noodles do you have?
3. Oh, a medium bowl, please.
4. I’d like some noodles, please.
5. What size do you have?

Unit 5 ~ 8
[考点聚焦]
I. 词组归纳
1.  ……怎么样? ___________________
2.  举行晚会 ___________________
3.  读书 ___________________
4.  去购物 ____________________
5.  访谈节目 ____________________
6.  在星期六的早上 ____________________
7.  打扫卧室 ____________________
8.  在海滩 ____________________
9.  呆在家 ____________________
10. 练习说英语 _____________________
11. 为地理考试学习 _____________________
12. 对大多数的孩子而言 _____________________
13. 拜访朋友 ____________________
14. 在……的前面 ____________________
15. ……等等 ____________________
16. 爵士乐CD ____________________
17. 舞曲 ____________________
18. 上楼 ____________________
19. 古典乐的乐迷 _____________________
20. 文化宫 ____________________
21. 看起来像 ____________________
22. 一头长长的直发 ____________________
23. 黑的短卷发 ____________________
24. 中等体格 ____________________
25. 篮球队的队长 ____________________
26. 受某人的欢迎 ____________________
27. 讲笑话 __________________
28. 停止正在做的事 _________________
29. 下棋 __________________
30. 一副新面貌 __________________
31. 戴眼镜 __________________
32. 一位戴副滑稽眼镜的摇滚歌手 _________________
33. 留胡子 __________________
34. 一个短发男孩 __________________
35. 对……不友好 __________________
36. 一个在中国的交换学生 ___________________
37. 住在洛杉矶 __________________
38. 在黑板上 __________________
II. 句型归纳
1.  _______ _______ you ______ over the weekend?
We went to the movie.
2.  _______ _______ she ______ over the weekend?
She played the piano.
3.  _______ _______ your weekend?
    It was great.
4.  Where’s the pop music?
_______ upstairs and _______ right.
5.  _______ _______ the country CDs?
Behind the classical CDs.
6.  _______ Bob’s favorite _______ _______ music?
His favorite kind of music is jazz.
7.  _______ do you _______ _______?
I’m short and thin.
8.  _______ _______ she _______ like?
She’s tall with curly hair.
9.  _______ that?
That’s Mike, Peter’s brother.
10. _______ he _______?
He’s serious.
III. 考点归纳
1. What about your friend? 你朋友呢?
1) What about + n./doing sth.?
 = How about + n./doing sth.?
2) What/How about doing sth.?
 = Why not do sth.?
 = Let’s do sth.?
这三个句型为同义句,表示提出建议。
2. How did the kids spend the weekend? 孩子们是怎么过周末的?
1) 花时间、金钱在某事上
spend time/money on sth.
花时间、金钱做某事
spend time/money (in) doing sth.
2) spend time on sth. / (in) doing sth.
 = It takes sb. + time + to do sth.
例如:
Jim spent nearly 2 hours cleaning his bedroom.
= It took Jim nearly 2 hours to clean his bedroom.
  spend money on sth. / (in) doing sth.
= pay ... for...
  She spent $15 on her new shirt.
= She paid $15 for her new shirt.
3) spend, cost, pay,
spend的主语是人,spend time/money on sth. / (in) doing sth.
cost的主语是物,sth. cost sb. + money
pay的主语是人,pan + money + for sth.
例如:
They spent $80 buying this interesting radio.
This interesting radio cost them $80.
They paid $80 for this interesting radio.
3. He sat on the bench and watched Wang Wang play with a friendly black cat.
   他坐在板凳上看着汪汪和一只友好的黑猫一起玩。
watch/ see/ look at/ hear/ listen to sb. doing sth.
看见/听见某人正在做某事
watch/ see/ look at/ hear/ listen to sb. do sth.
看见/听见某人做了某事
I heard the boy _____ English at 8:00 yesterday morning. (practice)
I often hear the boy _____ English in the morning. (practice)
答案:
1. practicing  2. practice
4. Then it was time to go home. 接着是回家的时间了。
 = Then it was time for home.
1) It’s time (for sb.) to do sth.
= It’s time (for sb.) for doing sth.
= It’s time for (one’s) sth.
例如:
It’s time for me to have breakfast.
= It’s time for my breakfast.
2) I have no time to have breakfast.
= I have no time for having breakfast.
= I have no time for breakfast.
= There is no time for me to have breakfast.
= There is no time for my breakfast.
(I have no time…= I don’t have any time…)
(There is no time …= There isn’t any time…)
5. He has no dog and no family. 他没有狗也没有亲人了。
= He doesn’t have dogs or families.
no A, B or C = no A, no B and no C 没有A, B和C
例如: Now I have no arms, no hands, no legs and no feet.
     = Now I have no arms, hands, legs or feet.
6. 音乐的类型:
country music 乡村乐
dance music 舞曲
pop music 流行乐
classical music 古典乐
jazz music 爵士乐
rock music 摇滚乐
folk music 民乐
light music 轻音乐
heavy metal 重金属摇滚乐
高分突破:
music “音乐” 不可数名词
一支乐曲:a piece of music
7. What does he look like? 他长什么样?
= What is he like?
look like = be like 像
使用时注意动词的变化,例如:
She looks like her mother.
= She is like her mother.
  She doesn’t look like her mother.
= She isn’t like her mother.
  Does she look like her mother?
= Is she like her mother?
高分突破:
like 和be like 的区别:
Tom is like his father. Tom长得像他的爸爸。
Tom likes his father.   Tom喜欢他的爸爸。
8. Wang Lin is very popular. 王林很受欢迎。
be popular with sb. 受某人的欢迎
9. She never stops talking. 她从没停止过讲话。
1) stop doing sth. 停止正在做的事
It’s time for class, we stop talking.
该上课了,我们停止了讲话。
2) stop to do sth. 停下来做另一件事
I’m too tired, let me stop to have a rest.
我累极了,让我停下来休息一会。
3) stop sb. (from) doing sth. 阻止某人做某事
Nobody can stop doing that.
没有人能阻止他做那件事。
10. Do you remember Johny Dean, the pop singer with funny glasses?
你还记得那个戴滑稽眼镜的流行歌手Johny Dean吗?
1) remember/forget sth./sb. 记得/忘记……
2) remember/forget doing sth. 记得/忘记已经做过的事
I remember closing the windows just now.
我记得刚才关了窗户的。
3) remember/forget to do sth. 记得/忘记还没做过的事
I remember to close the windows when I leave.
我记得在离开的时候要关窗。
高分突破:
remember = don’t forget = be sure
注意同义句的转换:
Remember to take this book to your school!
= Don’t forget to take this book to your school!
= Be sure to take this book to your school!
11. He teaches English. 他教英语。
1) teach sb./sth.
2) teach sb. sth. = teach sth. to sb.
3) teach sb. to do sth.
4) teach sb. + 疑问代词 + to do sth.
高分突破:
李老师教我们英语。
Miss Li teaches us English.      (√)
Miss Li is our English teacher.   (√)
Miss Li teaches our English.     (×)

Ⅳ. 语法精讲
现在进行时
1. 构成
   be (am, is, are) + doing(现在分词)
现在分词的变化规则:
变化规则 例词
一般情况下在动词后加-ing look – looking
read – reading
以不发音的字母e结尾的动词,去掉e加-ing take – taking
choose – choosing
重读闭音节结尾的动词,如果词尾只有一个辅音字母,应先双写末尾的字母,再加-ing shop – shopping
run – running
begin – beginning
2. 一般现在时的肯定、否定、一般疑问句式及回答。列表如下:
以动词work为例
肯定式 否定式
I am working.
He/She/It is working.
We/You/They are working. I am not working.
He/She/It isn’t working.
We/You/They aren’t working.

一般疑问句式及回答
Am I working? Yes, you are.
No, you aren’t.
Is he/she/it working? Yes, he/she/it is.
No, he/she/it isn’t
Are we/you/they working? Yes, you/we/they are.
No, you/we/they aren’t.
3. 现在进行时的用法
1) 表示此时此刻正在进行的动作。
例如:My sister is talking on the phone with her friend now.
2) 表示目前这段时间内正在进行的动作(尽管此时此刻并不进行)。
例如:What’s he doing this week?   He’s learning to play the drum.
3) 与副词always, constantly等连用,表示反复出现或习惯性的动作,含有说话者赞扬、不满、讨厌、遗憾等情绪。
例如:She’s always smiling happily.
      Tom is always making the same mistake!
4) 表示过程。
例如:It’s getting warmer and warmer.
5) go, come, return, start, arrive, leave, fly等动词的现在进行时,可以表示即将发生的动作。
例如:I’m leaving for Beijing tomorrow.
      Your mother is coming soon.
高分突破:
1) 常与现在进行时搭配的时间状语或句子:
now, at present, at the moment, at 8:00
Look! Listen! Where is/are ...? etc.
2) 英语里有一些动词一般不用现在进行时:
① 表知觉的动词:see, hear, smell, taste, notice, feel, sound etc.
② 表示态度和感情的动词:believe, agree, like, love, hate, want, think(认为)etc.
③ 表示某种抽象的关系或概念的动词:have, depend, seem, etc.
④ 表示瞬间动作的动词:remember, forget,know, join, buy, borrow, find etc.

[强化训练]
I.单项选择
1. _____ everyone here last weekend?
A. Is   B. Was   C. Are   D. Were
2. What about _____ our grandparents next weekend.
A. visiting   B. to visit   C. visited   D. visits
3. How _____ their weekend?
A. are   B. were   C. was   D. is
4. The country CDs are _______ the dance section.
A. in front of   B. in the front of   C. between   D. after
5. What does your brother look like?
  He’s ________.
A. intelligent   B. lazy   C. tall   D. serious
6. The girl _____ red is my good friend, Lucy.
A. in   B. on   C. with   D. wears
7. The ______ and ______ are only for men.
A. blonde, bald  B. blonde, mustache  C. beard, mustache  D. bald, beard
8. Nobody ______ me because I cut my long hair.
A. know   B. knows   C. to know   D. don’t know
9. Let’s play soccer.
   __________________.
A. Yes, please.              B. That’s all right.
C. That’s right.            D. Thank you.
10. How was your weekend?
    It was _______. I went to the movie but I was late.
A. terrible   B. great   C. OK   D. sorry
II. 句型转换:
1. I spent two weeks having a wonderful trip. (同义句转换)
   It _____ me two weeks ______ ______ a wonderful trip.
2. He did homework last night. (变为一般疑问句)
   _____ he _____ homework last night?
3. Mike didn’t go to the movie because he had a bad cold.(对划线部分提问)
   ______ ______ Mike ______ to the movie?
4. Kate sees an interesting talk show every evening. (用last night改写)
   Kate _____ an interesting talk show ______ ______.
5. We had a sports meeting last weekend. (对划线部分提问)
   ______ ______ you ______ last weekend?
6. Tom was in the USA last summer. (变为一般疑问句)
   ______ ______ in the USA last summer?
7. His hair isn’t long and curly. (同义句转换)
   His hair is ______ and ______.
8. Please give my English book to me soon. (同义句转换)
   Please give ______ ______ ______ _____ soon.
9. The girl with brown hair is Kate. (对划线部分提问)
   ____ _____ is Kate?
10. He’s serious. He has short hair. (合并为一句)
    He’s ______ _______ boy _____ short hair.
III. 用所给单词的适当形式填空:
1. He _______(wear) glasses every day, but this morning he _______(not wear) them.
2. Li Feng _________(remember) ________(water) the flowers this morning.
3. Tim loves ______(tell) jokes.
4. I stop _____(talk) to my friend when I meet him in the street.
5. Liu Peng _______(not have) long curly hair.
Ⅳ. 改错
1. One of my classmates have mustache.
   _______________________________________.
2. What is your father look like?
   _______________________________________.
3. In Sunday afternoon we went fishing.
   _______________________________________.
4. He can speak a bit Chinese.
   _______________________________________.
5. Who’s the tall, thin boy wears short curly hair?
   _______________________________________.
Ⅴ.口语运用
(  ) 1. What does Rose look like?
(  ) 2. What do you like?
(  ) 3. What is he like?
(  ) 4. Do you like this book?
(  ) 5. Remember to come here early.
(  ) 6. Why does he look so sorry?
(  ) 7. Do you speak Chinese?
(  ) 8. It’s going to rain.
(  ) 9. Where are you from?
(  )10. Why not go to the zoo?
A. OK.
B. She is very tall.
C. Yes, but only a little.
D. I don’t think so.
E. I like computer very much.
F. Yes, I do.
G. He’s very strict.
H. Sorry, I don’t know.
I. Good idea!
J. Italy.
Ⅵ.补全对话
A: Hey, Lucy!
B: Hi, Bob!
A: How _____ your weekend?
B: It was great.
A: So, what ____ you ____?
B: Well, ____ Saturday morning I cleaned my room,____ Saturday afternoon I ______ to the movies, and ____ Saturday night I _____ a party with my family.
A: Cool!
B: What _____ you?
A: It _____ bad.
B: Why? Can you tell me the ________?
A: I had a terrible cold, so I ______ at home.
Unit 9 ~ Culture Unit 2
[考点聚焦]
I. 词组归纳
1.  情况怎么样?_________________
2.  给埃菲尔铁塔照相 _________________
3.  环球节目 _________________
4.  骑骆驼 _________________
5.  五千年的历史 _________________
6.  长城 _________________
7.  故宫 _________________
8.  一次令人兴奋的汽车旅行 __________________
9.  整天 _________________
10. 在水里玩得很高兴 _________________
11. 看见一个男孩正在哭 _________________
12. 吃川菜 _________________
13. 想起 _________________
14. 肥皂剧 _________________
15. 发卡 _________________
16. 一个十三岁的男孩 _________________
17. 就某事询问某人 _________________
18. 把……展示给某人 _________________
19. 无法忍受…… __________________
20. 最酷的东西 __________________
21. 下个月的杂志 __________________
22. 上课时 __________________
23. 不得不 __________________
24. 在走廊上 __________________
25. 太多的规矩 __________________
26. 躺在床上 __________________
27. 放学后 __________________
28. 禁止说话!___________________
29. 铿锵玫瑰 ___________________
30. 世界杯 ___________________
31. 东汉 ___________________
32. 中国足球协会 __________________
33. 网址 ___________________
34. 去做,努力去获得 _________________
35. 金牌 ___________________
36. 校队 ___________________
37. 擅长 ___________________
38. 元宵节 ___________________
39. 不请吃就捣蛋! ___________________
40. 去教堂 ___________________
41. 开……玩笑 ___________________
II. 句型归纳
1.  _______ the weather?
It’s windy.
2.  _______ the weather _______?
It’s sunny.
3.  _______ Uncle Joe _______?
He’s playing basketball.
4.  _______ it ________?
Great!
5.  _______ _______ he _______ on vacation?
He stayed at home.
6.  _______ _______ they _______ on vacation?
They went to the mountains.
7.  _______ she _______ to Central Park?
No, she didn’t.
8.  _______ do you _______ _______ soap operas?
I don’t mind them.
9.  _______ does he _______ sports shows?
He loves them!
10. _______ we eat in class?
No, we can’t.
11. _______ are the _______ at your school?
Don’t arrive late for class and don’t eat in class.
12. _______ you _______ to wear a uniform at school?
No, we don’t.
13. _______ else _______ he _______ to do?
    He has to do his homework.
III. 考点归纳
1. How’s the weather in Shanghai? 上海天气怎样?
= What’s the weather like in Shanghai?
易犯的错误:
1) How’s the weather like? (×)
2) What’s the weather?     (×)
2. It’s raining. 在下雨。
rain v. 下雨     rain n.(U) 雨    rainy adj. 下雨的
snow v. 下雪     snow n.(U) 雪    snowy adj. 下雪的
昨晚雨(雪)下得很大。
  It rained(snowed) heavily/hard last night.
= There was a heavy/hard rain(snow) last night.
= There was a lot of rain(snow) last night.
= It was rainy(snowy) heavily/hard last night.
3. It’s cloudy. 是阴天。
cloud-cloudy  rain-rainy  snow-snowy  wind-windy
sun-sunny
高分突破:
1) cloud n. 云 可数名词
There are many dark clouds in the sky.
天上有许多乌云。
2) 一阵大风:
a strong wind  (√)
a big wind     (×)
4. We had great fun playing in the water.
   我们在水里玩得很高兴
have (great/much) fun (in) doing sth.
某事做得很开心= do sth. happily
类似的短语:
be busy (in) doing sth.
spend time/money (in) doing sth.
5. The shops were too crowded.商店太挤了。
1) too adv. 也
 Tom is from America. Lucy is from America, too.
2) too adv. 太
The box is too heavy.
高分突破:
1) too和very的区别:
① too“太”表示超过承受范围
② very“太”没有超过承受范
2)too…to… 太……以致于不能……
= so … that …not…
= not … enough to
 Little Tom is too young to go to school.
= Little Tom is so young that he can’t go to school.
= Little Tom isn’t old enough to go to school
6. I find a small boy crying in the corner.
   我发现有个小男孩正在角落里哭。
find sb. doing sth. 发现某人在做某事
find sb. + adj./n.  发现某人……
find sb. to be      发现某人……
find (that) + 从句  发现……
I found Tony to be a serious man.
= I found Tony serious.
= I found Tony was a serious man.
7. Don’t eat in class! 上课不许吃东西!
in class 在课堂上        in the class 在班上
in hospital in在住院    in the hospital 在医院
at table 在吃饭          at the table 在桌旁
8. I have too many rules in my house. 在我家有太多的家规。
1) too much + n.(U) 太多……
too many + n.(C) 太多……
2) too much “太多” 副词词组
Watch TV too much isn’t good for your health.
3) much too “太” 后接形容词或副词
It’s much too boring.
9. I have to take my dog for a walk. 我必须带我的狗去散步。
have to和must的区别:
have to:“不得不,必须”,主要强调是外界客观因素,如环境、习惯、急事等而要求某人“不得不,必须”。它可用于多种时态(一般不用于进行时态),且有人称和数的变化。
must:“必须”,表示说话人主观认为“应该、必须”,它无人称、数和时态的变化。
例如:
I must go there.我必须去那儿。(我主观认为必须要去)
I have to go there.我不得不去那儿。(因有急事我要去)
It’s raining hard. We have to stop.
We must get there before dark.
10. I don’t mind them. 我不在乎它们。
1) mind + sth.
She didn’t mind the hard work before.
I don’t mind the rainy weather.
2) mind + doing sth.
Would you mind opening the windows?
Would you mind helping me with this bag?
Would you mind doing sth.= Would you like to do sth.
3) mind + 句子
Do you mind if I smoke?
Do you mind if I open the window?
高分突破:
mind sb. doing sth. 介意某人做某事
sb.用代词的宾格形式或形容词性的物主代词,例如:
Do you mind his/him smoking?
11. Later I have to go to the children’s palace to learn the piano.
接着我得去少年宫学钢琴。
later “以后” 可单独使用也可和时间连用
one year later
five days later
反义词:ago “以前”
one year ago
five days ago

Ⅳ. 语法精讲
一般过去时态
一般过去时态表示过去某一时间或某一段时间内发生过的动作或存在的状态。
1. be动词的过去式:
     am
            was
be   is

     are    were
否定式:wasn’t, weren’t
一般疑问句:将was和were提到句首。
2. 规则动词的过去式的变化规则及读音:
构成方法 原形 过去时
一般情况在动词原形后加-ed want
answer wanted
answered
以字母e 结尾的动词,只加-d move
die moved
died
以“ 辅音字母+y ”结尾的动词,把y 改为i,再加-ed carry
cry carried
cried
以重读闭音节结尾,末尾只有一个辅音字母,先双写该辅音字母,再加-ed stop
plan stopped
planned
1) 清念 /t/ ,即 ed 在清辅音后面念 /t/
例如: finished, helped, passed, cooked
2) 元浊 /d/ ,即 ed 在元音,浊辅音后面念 /d/                                                                
例如:enjoyed, called, moved, borrowed            
3) /t/  /d/ 之后念 /id/ , 即 ed 在 /t/ /d/ 音后面念 /id/
例如:wanted,shouted, needed, counted
3. 常用的一般过去时的时间状语:
yesterday/ the day before(在...之前) yesterday
last year/ month/ spring/ week/ Monday/ night
yesterday morning/ afternoon/ evening
at that time/ just now = a moment ago
two days ago/ 3 years ago/ 5 months ago/ a week ago
in 1990/ 2000/ 1988/ 1949
in the old days/ in those days
高分突破:
两类应注意的题:
1. 交际英语中表示过去发生的动作:
“ Please look at the sign: NO PHOTOS!”
“ Sorry, I ______ it.”
A. don’t see   B. see   C. saw   D. didn’t see
正确答案:D
2. 客观真理用一般现在时:
My teacher told me that the earth _____ round the sun.
A. moved   B. moves   C. move   D. ran

[强化训练]
I.单项选择
1. Please don’t read ______. It’s bad for your eyes.
A. in bed   B. in the bed   C. on bed   D. on the bed
2. _____ you _____ wear the uniform in your school?
   No, we don’t.
A. Can, /   B. Do, to   C. Can, have to   D. Do, have to
3. What do you think of soap operas?
A. A little.
B. Very much.
C. I can’t stand them.
D. I don’t think of them.
4. She ______ the hair clip!
A. very likes   B. likes very   C. really likes   D. likes really
5. ___________ weather on Monday!
A. What a great   B. What great   C. How a great   D. How great
6. That made me ______ all day.
A. work   B. to work   C working   D. am working
7. It’s late but my parents are waiting ______ the bus stop now.
A. for   B. to   C. at   D. on
8. Jim is talking ____ his teacher ____ his study.
A. to, to   B. with, to   C. to, about   D. about, to
9. Eating an apple every day can make you _____.
A. good   B. ill   C. health   D. healthy
10. What club does his play _____?
A. in   B. to   C. for   D. as
II. 句型转换:
1. Peter, listen to music now! (变为否定句)
Peter, ______ ______ to music now!
2. Be quiet! (将句子放进下面的句子中)
The teacher asked the boys _____ ______ ______.
3. She went to the beach last weekend. (对划线部分提问)
_______ _____she _____ last weekend?
4. My mother bought me a present. (同义句转换)
My mother ______ a present ____ me.
5. Tom looks like his father.
______ ______ Tom ______ like?
III. 用所给单词的适当形式填空:
1. It’s raining _________(heavy) now.
2. His words were ____________(surprise).
3. He thinks the work should come _______(one).
4. Thanks for __________(join) our party.
5. I ________(begin) to study English only one year ago.
Ⅳ.按要求完成句子
Model: He is ____(watch)______.       He is watching TV.
1. The child ____________(open)_________.
2. Miss Gao ____________(talk) with ___________.
3. Emma ______________(look) for _____________.
4. Her father __________(draw)____________.
5. Tom’s parents ___________(water) _____________.
6. He and I _____________(sing) ____________.
7. Steve and his friend ____________(help) _________.
8. Mr. Brown with his wife _______ (clean) ________.
9. Look! They _______(write) _______.
10. Peter ________(play) _________.
Ⅴ.补全对话
A: ______ did you ____ on vacation?
B: Nowhere, I ______ at ______.
A: Not much fun, huh?
B: It _____ too bad. I ______ some exciting football games.
A: _______ you _______ for the math exam?
B: Yes, ____ ______. ______ _______ your vacation?
A: I ______ to Beijing.
B: Oh, really? _____ you ______ the Palace Museum?
A: No, I didn’t. But I ______ to the Great Wall.
B: How ______ the weather at that time?
A: It _____ hot.
B: _______ you _____ a good time?
A: Yes. My vacation _____ fantastic.

参考答案
Junior One I
Starter Unit 1 ~ Review of Units 1~7
[考点聚焦]
I. 词组归纳
1.  be late (for)
2. culture tip
3.  in English
4.  in pairs
5.  the boy in blue
6.  act out
7.  telephone number
8.  first/given name
9.  last/family name
10. call John at 4953539_
11. lost and found office
12. gold ring
13. a set of keys
14. family tree
15. Thanks for ... .
16. the photo of Tony’s family/ Tony’s family photo
17. take sth. to sb.
18. his math book
19. some video cassettes
20. on the dresser
21. bring sth. to sb.
22. between A and B
23. on the floor
24. play the computer game
25. baseball bat
26. a tennis racket
27. want to do sth.
28. Welcome to our school!
29. join school sports center
30. Join us soon!
31. a great sports collection
32. watch football game on TV
33. a running star
34. eat/have healthy food
35. for breakfast
36. the list of the food/ the food list
37. at this time of the year
38. at a very good price
39. the sweaters in all color
40. on sale
41. have a look at
42. clothes store/shop
43. play basketball well
44. like ... very much
II. 句型归纳
1.  What’s your
2.  How old is, years
3.  Who’s
4.  What’s in
5.  Let’s
6.  What color
7.  How do spell
8.  Is, it
9.  What’s, it’s
10. Is, it
11. Where are
12. Are they
13. Do, don’t
14. Does, doesn’t
15. don’t
16. doesn’t
17. What does
18. How much, they’re

[强化训练]
I.单项选择
1~5: BDABD   6~10:DBABD   11~15: BADCD   16~20: BDCCB
II.句型转换:
1.Does, like   2. aren’t any   3. This is an English dictionary.
4. What does, have              5. Where does, watch
6. What does, want buy          7.an old
8. his daughter    9. How much is   10. the sweater in red
 III. 用所给单词的适当形式填空:
1. an     2. me     3. are     4. thanks     5. grandparents
6. friends, friends  7. daughters  8. families  9. their  10. cousins
Ⅳ. 改错
1. This is his pen.
2. Her pen is yellow.
3. Is your name Tom?
4. Your pen is OK.
5. Tom and Peter are English
6. How do you spell “pen”?
7. That is their school.
8. These are his brothers.
9. Tom, where are his keys?
10. Let’s play football.
  
Ⅴ. 翻译填空
1. Is, it is.       2. lost watch       3. uncle mother’s brother
4. video cassette, on, under    
5. Do, sports, Welcome join school sports center
6. football, really very boring
7. likes salad, doesn’t like broccoli
8. Running star, eats/has hamburgers for
9. much are, shorts, is price, shorts
10. sweaters, color, on sale
Ⅵ. 口语运用
Good morning!
Can I help you? / What can I do for you?
I don’t like the red one.
How much is it?
It’s too expensive.
I’ll take it.
You’re welcome.
Ⅶ. 用所给句子补全对话
67342
Unit 8 ~ Review of Units 8~14
[考点聚焦]
I. 词组归纳
1.  read newspaper
2.  English speech contest
3.  have a birthday party
4.  a school trip
5.  have an Art Festival each year
6.  in April
7.  a pop concert
8.  go to (see) a movie
9.  a successful action movie
10. on/at the weekend
11. stay at home
12. Chinese history
13. for the same reason
14. in a word
15. my favorite movie star
16. in fact
17. want to be
18. a Beijing Opera artist
19. join the swimming club
20. play the guitar
21. be good with sb.
22. help sb. (to) do sth./ help sb. with sth.
23. be in the school concert
24. tale to/with sb.
25. more information
26. a rock band
27. do Chinese Kung Fu
28. fill out
29. go to school
30. get up
31. eat/have breakfast
32. take/have a shower
33. go to bed
34. make a schedule
35. sleep a little longer
36. make lunch
37. put on
38. take a bus to
39. all (the) night
40. practice doing sth.
41. listen to him
42. get home
43. watch the early morning news
44. a tired but happy man
45. do homework
46. at around/about 7 o’clock
47. write (a letter) to sb.
48. tell sb. about sth.
49. my science teacher
50. talk about
51. all (of) my classmates
52. after class
53. be strict with sb.
54. make me (feel) tired
55. be/come from
56. pen pal/friend
57. speak good English/ speak English well
58. the first/mother language
59. do/have/play sports
60. talk on the phone
61. wait for
62. some of my photos
63. in the next photo
64. at school
65. an international school
66. all over the world
67. in some ways
68. be different from
69. wear the uniform
II. 句型归纳
1.  When is     2. What year     3. Does go     4. What movies, movies
5. Can, the     6. Can, join     7. What can, do
8. What time    9. What’s favorite            10. Who’s favorite
11. Who, math     12. Why do     13. Where is , form
14. Where does come from     15. Where does, lives
16. What language     17. What are you doing?     18. Is, doing
 [强化训练]
I.单项选择
1~5:CBBAC   6~10:CBBAC   11~15:CBDAB   16~20:BDBCC
II. 句型转换:
1. don’t think, are     2. can’t play, or     3. Does buy
4. Does want to sell     5. What does, eat      6. What can, do
7. What kind of movies does     8. What time does, have
9. likes, best          10. for, breakfast
III. 用所给单词的适当形式填空:
1. twelfth    2. interesting    3. thrillers    4. swimmer, swim
5. musician   6. dancing        7. Canadians    8. lives
9. putting    10. be
Ⅳ. 改错
1. Monday is the second day of a week.
2. We can learn a lot of Chinese history.
3. I like him to play the piano for me.
4. Please ask to Mr. Wang for more information.
5. On the morning of December 25th, we usually visit our friends.
6. He usually goes to work by taxi.
7. Can you think what his job is?
8. What a great time to play soccer outside.
9. These are some of my friends.
10. In the next photo he’s listening the music.
Ⅴ. 翻译填空
1. birthday, thirtieth          2. a successful actor
3. play the violin well         4. famous as, star
5. finish reading, books        6. with Beijing Opera
7. busy looking for             8. cooking, writing
9. is/comes from, speak Chinese  10. doesn’t like, difficult, him
Ⅵ. 口语运用
What’s your name?
What club do you want to join?
Can you play chess?
What else can you do?
How about the swimming club?
Ⅶ. 用所给句子补全对话
75632
Junior One II
Unit 1 ~ 4
[考点聚焦]
I. 词组归纳
1.  between the post office and video arcade
2.  across from the pay phone
3.  take a walk with my dog
4.  take a taxi to ...
5.  have a good time/ have fun
6.  in the neighborhood
7.  go straight
8.  turn (to the) left
9.  on the right of the library
10. Welcome to the Garden District!
11. a house with a beautiful garden
12. the beginning of
13. a good place to have fun
14. the way to my home
15. kind of/ a little/ a bit
16. at night/ in the night
17. eat grass and leaves
18. would like
19. green pepper
20. iced tea
21. as well as
22. pizza express
23. order a pizza
24. read the menu
25. shop/sales assistant
26. police officer
27. bank clerk
28. police station
29. go out
30. want to be
31. work with sb.
32. give sth. to sb.
33. get sth. from sb.
34. wear a white uniform
35. talk to/with sb.
36. be in the school play
37. have a job for you as a nurse
38. the children of 5 to 12
II. 句型归纳
1. Is there    2. Where’s, on/in    3. Where’s, to    4. Why does, kind
5. What kind of    6. What size, she’d    7. What, on    8. What does
9. What is        10. What does, be
 [强化训练]
I.单项选择
1~5:CCDBD           6~10:BBBCB
II. 句型转换:
1. Don’t turn    2. Does, come, Africa or America    3. No, it isn’t.
4. wouldn’t like    5. Are you, when    6. What do, give
7. How long does, sleep, relax    8. What do, to do
9. What does, do    10. don’t think, cheap
III. 用所给单词的适当形式填空:
1. are arriving    2. grass    3. not to talk    4. policemen
5. specials
Ⅳ. 改错
1. I really like to meet interesting people every day.
2. He would like some pepperoni and olives on the pizza.
3. What would you like? We’d like story books.
4. Be careful when you go across the street.
5. At the beginning of the garden tour we’ll visit Hua Xin Rd.
Ⅴ. 翻译填空
1. to have fun   2. wants to relax   3. work late   4. small olive pizza
5. sits on Paul’s left
Ⅵ. 用所给句子补全对话
42153
Unit 5 ~ 8
[考点聚焦]
I. 词组归纳
1.  What/How about ...?
2.  have a party
3.  do some reading
4.  go shopping
5.  talk show
6.  on Saturday morning
7.  clean the bedroom
8.  on the beach
9.  stay at home
10. practice (speaking) English
11. study for the geography test
12. for most of the kids
13. visit friends
14. in (the) front of
15. and so on
16. the jazz CD
17. dance music
18. go upstairs
19. classical music fan
20. the Culture Palace
21. look like
22. long straight hair
23. short curly black hair
24. medium build
25. the captain of the basketball team
26. be popular with sb.
27. tell jokes
28. stop doing sth.
29. play chess
30. a new look
31. wear glasses
32. a rock singer with funny glasses
33. wear/have a beard
34. a boy with short hair
35. be unfriendly to
36. an exchange student in China
37. live in Los Angeles
38. on the blackboard
II. 句型归纳
1. What did, do    2. What did, do    3. How was    4. Go, turn
5. Where are       6. What’s, kind of     7. What, look like
8. What does, look    8. Who’s     9. What’s, like
 [强化训练]
I.单项选择
1~5:BACAC             6~10:ACBBA
II. 句型转换:
1. took, to have    2. Did, do    3. Why didn’t, go    4. saw, last night
5. What did, do    6. Was Tom   7. short, straight  
8. me my English book    9. Which girl    10. a serious, with
III. 用所给单词的适当形式填空:
1. wears, didn’t wear    2. remembered watering    3. telling
4. to talk     5. doesn’t have
Ⅳ. 改错
1. One of my classmates has mustache.
2. What does your father look like?
3. On Sunday afternoon we went fishing.
4. He can speak a bit of Chinese.
5. Who’s the tall, thin boy with short curly hair?
Ⅴ.口语运用
BEGFAHCDJI
Ⅵ.补全对话
was, did, do, on, on, went, on, had, about, was, reason, stayed
Unit 9 ~ Culture Unit 2
[考点聚焦]
I. 词组归纳
1.  How’s it going?
2.  take a photo of the Eiffel Tower
3.  Around the World show
4.  ride the camel
5.  five thousand years of history
6.  the Great Wall
7.  the Palace Museum
8.  an exciting bus trip
9.  all (the) day
10. have fun in the water
11. see a boy crying
12. eat/have Sichuan food
13. think of
14. soap opera
15. hair clip
16. a thirteen-year-old boy
17. ask sb. about sth.
18. show sth. to sb.
19. can’t stand ...
20. the coolest thing
21. the next month’s magazine
22. in class
23. have to
24. in the hallways
25. too many rules
26. be in bed
27. after school
28. No talking!
29. Steel Roses
30. the World Cup
31. Eastern Han Dynasty
32. Chinese Football Association
33. web site
34. go for
35. gold medal
36. school team
37. be good at/ do well in
38. Lantern Festival
39. Trick or treat!
40. go to the church
41. play trick on
II. 句型归纳
1. How’s     2. What’s, like    3. What’s, doing    4. How’s, going
5. What did, do     6. Where did, go     7. Did, go   8. What, think of
9. How, like     10. Can    11. What, rules   12. Do, have
13. What, have, to
 [强化训练]
I.单项选择
1~5:ADCCB        6~10:ACCDC
II. 句型转换:
1. don’t listen    2. to be quiet   3. Where did, go   4. bought, for
5. Who does, look
III. 用所给单词的适当形式填空:
1. heavily   2. surprising   3. first   4. joining   5.began
Ⅳ.按要求完成句子

Ⅴ.补全对话
Where, go, stayed, home, wasn’t, watched, Did, study, I, did, What/How,
About, went, Did, visit, went, was, was, Did, have, was

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