Unit 8 单元检测
第一部分 听力 （共2节，15小题，每题2分，满分30分）略
第二部分 阅读理解 (共两节，满分48分)
Microsoft founder Bill Gates has talked about to be a good parent, saying that 13 is a right age for a child's first mobile phone. The 57-year-old father of three said on the Today show that his children Jennifer and Rory were not allowed phones until their thirteen birthday and his youngest daughter Phoebe is still waiting for one.
“We've made a rule in our family that it's 13 when you get a phone.” He also said as a resulthis child often returned home from school complaining, “All the other kids have it, I'm the only without it, it's so embarrassing.”
Asked if he keeps passwords (密码) to his son and daughters’ e-mail and Facebook accounts(帐号). Mr. Gates said that he doesn’t for Jennifer, 16, who he says is “old enough”.
Besides their wealth Mr and Mrs Gates ,who live in Lake Medina, have said they want to raise their three children as usually as possible. It is said that their kids have to do housework athome after school and aren't given much pocket money.
And in 2010Mr Gates said that he wanted to give most of his $61 billion away rather than hand itdown. “That wouldn't be good either for my kids or society,” he said.
Mr Gates left Microsoft in 2008 to put his heart to charity. During the Today interview with host Matt Lauer, he said that helping others made him feel happy as creating software.
“ What you really feel is what you’ve achieved. If a piece of software gets out there and lots of people love it—it lets them get their work down in better ways—that’s exciting.” he replied.
16.How old is Phoebe?
A. Maybe 11 years old B. Maybe 13 years old
C. Maybe 14 years old D. Maybe 15 years old
17. What do Mr Gates children think of their not having phones?
A. They feel it interesting . B. They don’t think it exciting
C. They feel it embarrassing . D. They think it funny
18.Mr Gates doesn’t keep a password to Jennifer’s email because .
A. Jennifer doesn’t like him to do so B. Jennifer is already sixteen years old
C. he thinks children should be free D. parents can’t know kid’s password
19.Which of the following is TRUE?
A. Bill’s children like his idea about a child’s first cell phone.
B. Bill Gates is still working for Microsoft.
C. Bill’s children have to do housework after school.
D. Bill’s children are given much pocket money
20. What’s the passage mainly about?
A. Bill Gate’s school life B. How Bill Gates is working for charity.
C. Bill gate’s work in Microsoft D. How Mr. and Mrs. Gates raise their children
Today there are many fires than in the past. Over 100,000 wildfires burn each year in America. Russia has 20,000 to 35,000 wildfires every year. Australia has on average 60,000 each year. These fires destroy（损害）huge areas of forests and burn hundreds of homes.
Many experts believe there are several reasons for this sudden increase in fires. The first reason is climate（气候）change. Recent weather has been warmer and drier. This leads to dangerous fire conditions. When lightening strikes（发生雷电），dry grass easily catches fire. Hot winds add to the problem. The wind spreads a fire quickly. In 2010, Russia had the hottest and driest summer in a century. In just one month, 500 fires destroyed over 2,000 homes. Some people lost their lives.
Traditional fire-fighting practices are another reason for the increase in fires. In America, firefighters used to quickly put out every fire. They didn’t allow the grass and trees to burn. As a result, today many forests have thicker vegetation（植被）.Thicker vegetation means more fuel（燃料）for fires. Also, without fires from time to time, forests become overcrowded and unhealthy. Some trees are dead. The dead wood then easily catches fire. So surprisingly, America has many more fires today partly because of its past fire-fighting practices.
Scientists now understand that a fire can be a natural part of a healthy forest. As a result, countries like Australia allow more fires to burn naturally. Sometimes, fire fighters even start fires to get rid of（去除）dead wood. Of course, they carefully control the fires. The fire thins out old trees. This allows sunlight to reach the ground. As a result, fires help new trees to grow. Therefore, if a fire is not a serious threat（威胁）to people, firefighters may let it burn naturally.
21. Why did Russia have so many fires in one month in 2010
A. Because lightening spread the fire. B. Because there was much fuel for fires.
C. Because there were not enough firefighters.
D. Because it was unusually hot, dry and windy.
22. What happens because of the traditional fire-fighting practices in the USA
A. There are fewer wildfires. B. Trees and grass become thicker.
C. The weather becomes warmer and drier.
D. Sunlight reaches the ground to help forests.
23. What is the main idea of Paragraph 4
A. Fires are serious threats to human beings.
B. Australian firefighters don’t put out fires.
C. Fires can play an important role I forests.
D. It’s difficult for firefighters to control the fires.
24. Which of the following is true according to the passage
A. Not all the fires in the forests must be put out.
B. People’s carelessness leads to dangerous fires.
C. Australia allows all the fires to burn naturally.
D. There are more fires in Russia than in the USA.
How do you study each day? You may answer it in one second: have classes at school, take notes and do homework. Feeling a little bored? There are other ways that can make learning interesting and varied. It’s called digital learning.
Digital learning is a way to help students learn by using the Internet. There are three important kinds of digital learning. Apps are computer software applications (应用). People can downloadthem on their mobiles. The other two kinds are social networking services, including weibo and WeChat and websites. Every one of them is like your teacher. They help you master what you learnat school.
Compared with traditional learning ways, digital learning has its advantages. Digital learning is also varied. It covers almost every school subject. More importantly, it always offers students the newest resources (资源) to learn from.
Digital learning is also personalized. You can choose what you like to learn. If you don’t master what you have learned at school, you can learn again through digital ways.
However, digital learning also has disadvantages. When you use digital ways to learn, you’ve got little chance of talking with teachers and classmates. As digital learning uses computers or smartphones, watching the screen too long may be bad for your eyes. It is better to take a rest every 20 minutes.
25. How do students usually study everyday according to the story?
A. Have classes at school and use online tools at home.
B. Have classes at school, take notes and do homework.
C. Learn through digital ways and have classes in the classroom.
D. Have classes, take notes and do homework at school.
26.Three important kinds of digital learning are mentioned in the passage. They are _______.
a. Apps. b. smartphones c. computers d. websites
e. mobiles f. weibo and WeChat
A. a b f B. a d f C. b c e D. c d e
27.The underlined word “master” in Paragraph 2 most probably means “_________”.
A. 复习 B. 分析 C. 掌握 D. 归纳
28.What is the problem of digital learning?
A. You can’t communicate with your classmates or teachers.
B. You have to use both computers and smartphones.
C. You can’t decide what you want to learn by yourself.
D. It’s impossible to learn from the newest resources.
29.How can you protect your eyes when learning in digital ways?
A. Try to take a rest for 20 minutes when watching the screen.
B. Try to use traditional ways to learn as often as possible.
C. Try to take a break every twenty minutes if possible.
D. Try to learn through digital ways less than 2 hours a day.
Visiting London? Start planning your trip right here. This guide tells you the must-see events that take place in London throughout the year.
Change the Guard at Buckingham Palace
Changing the Guard or Guard Mounting includes an exchange of guard duties(换岗) at Buckingham Palace. Watch the ceremony as each set of guards dressed in traditional coats and hats takes over from their brothers-in-arms.
Address: Buckingham Palace, London SWIA1AA
Public Transport: Green Park Tube Station
Opening Hours: 11.30 am daily at Buckingham Palace, 11.00 am(10.00 am on Sundays) daily at Horse Guards Parade.
Tickets: Free to enter
British Summer Time Music Festival
The Barclaycard British Summer Time Music Festival take place every year in Central London’s Hyde Park. The week-long event covers many musical tastes, from pop to rock to dance. The acts so far confirmed(确认) for 2015 include Taylor Swift, The Who, Paul Weller, Ellie Goulding, Kaiser Chiefs and John Newman.
Park, London, W2 2UH
Public Transport: Marble Arch, Hyde Park Corner, or Green Park
Opening Hours: 26-27 June 2015
Totally Thames Festival
In September, London’s Totally Thames Festival celebrates the city’s famous river over 30 days, spreading 42 miles, and more than 100 separate arts and cultural events. In 2014 the festival was filled with walks, tours, rowing-boat races, theatre, cinema, the many other exciting ways to enjoy London, all taking place on or next to the River Thames.
Address: Different locations along the river
Opening Hours: Throughout September
NFL American Football
London’s Wembley Stadium, seating 90,000, will host three games in the NFL International Series. In 2015 the teams that will be visiting London from the USA include the Buffalo Bills, the Jacksoville Jaguars, the Detroit Lions, the Kansas City Chiefs, the New Yorks Jets an the Miami Dolphins.
Address: Wembley Stadium, Empire Way, Wembley, London, HA9 OWS
Public Transport: Wembley Park
Opening Hours: 4 Oct, 25 Oct and 1 Nov 2015
30. You can enjoy the ceremony of Changing the Guard at Buckingham Palace at ____.
A. 11.30 am every day B. 11.00 am every day C. 10.00 am on Sundays
31. In the late June, a music fan would probably go to London to watch ____.
A. British Summer Time Music Festival
B. London’s Totally Thames Festival C. NFL American Football
32.The opening hours for Totally Thames Festival is ____ NFL American Football.
A. as long as B. longer than C. shorter than
33.The 2015 NFL American Football will be held in ____.
A. Hyde B. Wembley Park C. Wembley Stadium
34.The passage is probably taken from a ____.
A. diary B. geography book C. guidebook
第二节（共 5 小题，每小题 2 分，满分 10 分）
Are you planning to study in a foreign university? Well then you certainly come to the right place. These tips for studying abroad will surely make you feel at home in a new city.
Before you leave for another country make sure that you know a lot about the country’s culture customs and traditions.In this way you will be able to enjoy your new life.
This is perhaps the most important thing to remember before you set off for foreign countries to study. Make a note of all the essential papers you would need before and during your stay abroad especially the passport and visa.
When you decide to take a course abroad it is exactly important that you should research well. Talk to people who have finished their studies from that university or who are planning to move to the same university. This way you’ll get some believable information.
Not only will it make it easier for you to face personal interviews but also to communicate with the local people and fellow students.The more you speak to people the more you’ll end up making friends quickly. What a way to drive the blues away!
These tips for studying abroad can go a long way in making your stay a truly memorable one.
A.Learn about the country.
B.Learn about the university.
C.Make sure you have all the documents(证件）.
D.Develop good communication skills.
39.Where is this article most probably taken from?
A.A science magazine. B. A study guide C.A storybook. D. An English dictionary.
第三部分 英语知识运用（共两节，满分 20分）
第一节：完形填空（共 10小题，每小题 1 分，满分 10 分）
通读下面短文，掌握其大意，然后在各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中选出一个最佳选项。
Two brothers worked together on a farm. One was married and had a large 40____ .The other had no wife yet. Although they lived in different houses, they shared everything they got from their farm.
One day, the single brother said to himself, “It’s not 41____that we share all the rice. I’m 42_____ and I need less than my brother.” So, every night he took a bag of rice from his store-room and 43_____across the field 44_____their houses, putting it into his brother’s store-room.
At the same time, the married brother thought, “It’s not fair to share all the rice. I’m married and I have my wife and children to 45____me when I am 46____ . However, my brother has no one to take care of his 47____.” So, each night he also took a bag of rice and put it into his brother’s store-room.
Several months passed by. They found 48_____ strange that their rice never became less. Then, one dark night the two brothers ran into each other. Slowly they began to understand what was happening. Their bags fell onto the ground and tears 49_____ their eyes at once.
（ ）40. A. group B. family C. class D. team
（ ）41. A. right B. popular C. interesting D. wrong
（ ）42. A. poor B. happy C. alone D. rich
（ ）43. A. jumped B. played C. went D. rode
（ ）44. A. from B. through C. off D. between
（ ）45. A. look after B. look for C. look out D. look at
（ ）46. A. worried B. old C. healthy D. dead
（ ）47. A. hope B. children C. farm D. future
（ ）48. A. them B. this C. it D. that
（ ）49. A. appeared B. filled C. dropped D. rose
第二节：（共 10 小题，每小题 1 分，满分 10 分）
The Spring Festival is the Chinese New Year's Day. It usually comes (50). _______ February. Everyone in China (51)._______ (like) the Spring Festival very much. When Spring Festival comes, Li Lei usually (52). _______ (help) his parents clean (53). _______ (they) house and do some(54). ________ (shop) and other housework .(55). _______ that day everyone in China eats jiaozi, New Year's cake and some other delicious food . Li Lei likes New Year's cake , (56). _________ Wang Lin says jiaozi is better than New Year's cake. The (57). _______ (China) people eat the New Year's cakes and jiaozi in their (58). __________ (house).(59). __________happy they are!
第四部分 写作（共两节，满分 25 分）
第一节：单词拼写（共 10 小题，每小题 1 分，满分 10 分）
60. We have an English p______ in our school every year.
61. A _______ is the eight month of a year.
62. The l__________ month of a year is December.
63. Tomorrow we are going to have an English t_______.
64. Who is your English teacher this t_________.
65. My brother’s b_________ is on November 10th.
66. ------What’s the d_______ today?------- It’s December 16th.
67. M _______ 8th is Women’s Day.
68. We will have a school t________ to Mountain Huang next month.
69. We have an art f_________ in a year.
第二节：书面表达（共 1 题，满分 12分）
Whom Why How
Nancy grandma look after spend time with
Sam English teacher help，say thanks
1）内容必须包含表格中的提示信息，并从“whom”, “ why”以及 “ how”等三个方面补充说明你自己的情况；
Hello, everyone! I’m glad to share our opinions about thanksgiving with you. ___________
阅读： ACBCD DBCA BBCAC AABCC ACBDB
完型： BACCD ABDCB
语法填空：in, likes, helps, their, shopping, on, but, Ch nese, houses, how
单拼： party, august, last, test, term, birthday, date, march, trip, festival.