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2010—2011学年中考英语专项练习之冠词、数词
冠词
一、不定冠词a / an和定冠词the
Ⅰ. 用恰当的冠词a / an / the填空,如不需用冠词,用“/”表示。
1. Jim is          honest boy. We all like him very much.
2.          Yellow River is          second longest river in China.
3. ¬— Hello, Li Ming. Have you got          e-mail address?
  — Oh, yes. It’s Mingsmile@126.com.
4. We can’t see          sun at night.
5. There is          apple tree in my garden. It’s over 10 years old.
6. In his free time he often plays          piano and          football.
7. January is          first month of the year.
8. I like spring. It’s          best season of the year.
9. Miss White is          unknown writer. She always has          bag with her.
10.          woman in a purple skirt is Betty’s mother.
Ⅱ. 将下列汉语句子翻译成英语。
1. 他打了我的脸。
                                          
2. 我们应该尽可能多地去帮助穷人。
                                          
3. 史密斯一家太忙了不能经常写信。
                                          
Ⅲ. 单项选择
(  ) 1. I like playing          violin and my brother likes playing
          basketball.
A. /; the   B. the; the    C. the; /    D. /; /
(  ) 2. — You’ve dropped          “s” in the word “cros”.
— Oh,          letter “s” should be doubled like this “cross”.
A. a; a     B. an; the   C. a; the   D. the; ,the
(  ) 3. — Excuse me, sir. Which cup is yours?
—          small one.
A. /      B. A      C. An      D. The
(  ) 4. — What can I do for you?
— I want          orange blouse for my daughter.
A. an      B. the      C. a      D. /
【指点迷津】
1. 不定冠词a / an的用法:冠词a, an两种帽,许多名词常需要。开头读音如是元,要把an帽来讨要。辅音其首带a帽,记住规律莫乱套。
2. 定冠词the的用法:特指双方熟悉,上文已经提及。世上独一无二,方位名词乐器。某些专有名词,外加复数姓氏。序数词最高级,习惯用语要特记。

二、不用冠词的情况
Ⅰ. 单项选择
(  ) 1. We have          lunch in          middle of the day.
A. /; the    B. the; the     C. the; /     D. /; /
(  ) 2. — The 2010 Asian Games will be held on November 12 in Guangzhou.
—          good news!
A. How a        B. What a     C. How     D. What
(  ) 3. This is          my pencil. I’m writing with          pencil.
A. /; the     B. the; a     C. the; /     D. a; the
Ⅱ. 用合适的冠词填空,如果不需用冠词,用“/”表示。
1.          animals can’t live without          water.
2.          China is          great country with long history.
3. I went to school without          breakfast this morning.
4. He often plays          basketball after school.
【指点迷津】
不用冠词的基本情况:下列情况不用冠,名词之前代词限。复数名词表泛指,球类学科和三餐。专有名词不可数,星期月份季节前。交通手段和节日,习惯称谓和头衔。

三、有定冠词与无定冠词的区别
Ⅰ. 单项选择
(  ) 1. Before I go to          bed, I’d like to have          cup of tea.
A. the; a     B. a; a      C. /; /     D. /; a
(  ) 2. “What on          earth are you doing?” Mom asked.
A. a     B. an     C. the     D. /
Ⅱ. 根据汉语提示完成句子。
1. I hope to see you again sometime          (明年).
2. May I ask if you like traveling          (乘船)?
【指点迷津】
1. go to school(学生)上学 go to the school 到学校去(不一定是学生)
2. go to bed上床睡觉  go to the bed 向床边走去(不一定睡觉)
3. in front of 在(……外部)的前面  in the front of 在(……内部)的前面
4. next year 明年  the next year第二年
5. on earth 究竟   on the earth 在地球上
6. by sea 乘船    by the sea 在海边

数词
一、基数词的写法和读法
Ⅰ. 你能用英语写出下面的数字吗?
1. 869                             2. 104                      
3. 1,230, 618                           4. 6,666,666,666                      
Ⅱ. 单项选择
(  ) 1. Last year          girls took part in the competition but only few of them succeeded.
A. ten millions                  B. millions of    
C. ten million of                 D. ten millions of
(  ) 2. — Can you write the number one million, seven hundred and fifty-five thousand, six hundred and forty-six?
— Yes, it is         .
A. 1,755,646                  B. 10, 755, 646   
C. 17,055,646                   D. 1,705,646

二、考查序数词的用法
Ⅰ. 根据括号内的汉语提示完成句子,每空词数不限。
1. December is           (十二) month of the year.
2. Why do it          (第二) time? Let me give you a hand this time.
3. The          (第六) question is much more difficult than this one.
Ⅱ. 单项选择
(  ) 1. — How old is your son?
—         . We had a special party for his           birthday last Sunday.
A. Nine; nine                B. Nine; ninth   
C. ninth; ninth                 D. Ninth; nine
(  ) 2. — Although you failed four times, I hope you can have           try.
      — Thank you, I will.
A. the fifth                B. a fifth      
C. the fourth                   D. a fourth
【指点迷津】
1. 基数词变序数词:一二三要全变,其他-th加后面,8去t,9去e,5和12 ve变f,ty要变tie。
2. 序数词在使用时,通常前面要加定冠词the,但是如果序数词前出现不定冠词a / an,则表示“再一、又一”。

三、考查分数
Ⅰ. 写出下列分数。
1. 五分之四                  2. 二分之一            
3. 四分之三                 4. 一个半小时            
Ⅱ. 单项选择
(  ) 1.          of the students in this school is 2000, and          of them are girls.
A. The number; first fourth      B. The number; one fourth
C. A number; one second       D. A number; three quarters
(  ) 2.          is enough for me.
A. One and a half hour         B. One hour and half 
C. One and half hour         D. One and a half hours
【指点迷津】
1. 分数的写法:英语分数不费事,“母序子基”四个字。分子若是大于一,分母还须加-s。
2. 当分数后面接名词时,如果分数表示的值大于1,名词用复数,小于1,名词用单数。

四、考查年代、几十来岁、年、月、日和时刻的表达法
Ⅰ. 单项选择
(  ) 1. — What is the date today?
      — It’s         .
A. Thursday              B. June the sixteenth 
C. the best day          D. Monday
(  ) 2. — When were you born in Shanghai?
—         .
A. In January 1st, 1995   B. On January 1st, 1995  
C. On 1995, January 1st       D. In 1st January, 1995
(  ) 3. He began to work there in his         .
A. fifties                B. fifty      
C. fiftieth                D. the fiftieth
(  ) 4. It’s ten to ten. We can also read it         .
A. nine fifteen              B. nine fifty     
C. ten past ten               D. ten ten
Ⅱ. 根据括号内的汉语提示完成句子。
1. My grandpa joined the party          (在20世纪30年代).
2. Every day he begins to do his homework at          (7:10).
【指点迷津】
1. 英语中年月日的表达法和汉语中的不同,年在后,月日在前,如July 4th, 1973。还要注意单纯年的表达法:一般分成两半来读,如1998 nineteen ninety-eight,但有一些比较特殊,如2000 two thousand;2008 two thousand and eight等。
2. 时刻的表达法一般有三种:一种是按顺序用基数词读,如:6:15 six fifteen;一种是在半小时以内(包括半小时),用分钟+past+小时,如6:15 fifteen past six;另一种是超过半小时,用(60﹣分钟)+to + (小时+1),如:6:55 five to seven。
3. in the + 年的复数,表示年代;in one’s + 逢十的基数词复数,表示在“几十来岁”。


Key:
冠词
一、Ⅰ. 1. an 2. The; the    3. an      4. the      5. an   
6. the; /    7. the       8. the    9. an; a   10. The
 Ⅱ. 1. He hit me in the face. 
  2. We should try our best to help the poor.
  3. The Smiths are too busy to write often.
 Ⅲ. 1-4 CBDA
二、Ⅰ. 1-3 ADA
 Ⅱ. 1. /; /  2. /; a     3. /   4. /
三、Ⅰ. 1-2 DD
 Ⅱ. 1. next year  2. by sea / ship
数词
一、Ⅰ. 1. eight hundred and sixty-nine     
2. one hundred and four
  3. one million, two hundred and thirty thousand, six hundred and eighteen
  4. six billion, six hundred and sixty-six million, six hundred and sixty-six thousand, six hundred and sixty-six
 Ⅱ. 1-2 BA
二、Ⅰ. 1. the twelfth 2. sixth
 Ⅱ. 1-2 BB
三、Ⅰ. 1. four fifths  2. a half   3. three quarters / three fourths
  4. one and a half hours / one hour and a half
 Ⅱ. 1-2 BD
四、Ⅰ. 1-4 BBAB
 Ⅱ. 1. in the 1930s 2. ten past seven / seven ten

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