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2018年广东广州英语中考试卷(答案)

2018 年广州市初中毕业生学业考试

本试卷共四大题,满分110分。考试时间120分钟。

注意事项:

1. 答卷前,考生务必在答题卡上用黑色字迹的钢笔或签字笔填写自己的考生号、姓名、考点考场号、座位号,再用2B 铅笔把对应这两个号码的标号涂黑。

2. 选择题每小题选出答案后,用2B 铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如需要改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案。不能答在试卷上。

3. 非选择题必须用黑色字迹的钢笔或签字笔作答,答案必须写在答题卡各题目指定区域的相 应位置上;如需要改动,先划掉原来的答案,然后再写上新的答案,改动的答案也不能超 出指定的区域;不准使用铅笔、圆珠笔和涂改液。不按以上要求作答的答案无效。

4.考生必须保持答题卡的整洁,考试结束,将本试卷和答题卡一并交回。

一、语法选择(共15小题:每小题1分,满分15分)

阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,从 1~15 各题所给的A 、B 、C 和D 项中选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

X ian Xinghai was a very famous musician in China. He wrote one of the greatest pieces of music of the 20th century. In his short life he wrote ___1___ 300 songs and an opera. Xian was born in Panyu, Guangdong, China in 1905. Because his father died before he was born, Xian moved from place to place with ___2___ mother. He began learning to play ___3___ violin when he was 20 years old. In the beginning, his violin was ___4___ cheap and badly made that he ___5___ not play it well. His friends laughed at him. Xian did not stop ___6___ and soon showed his talent. In 1934, he was one of the first Chinese students ___7___ studied in a special music school in Paris. Before he ___8___, Xian became the school’s best student ___9___ won several prizes for his talents.

In 1935, he returned to China and helped fight against the Japanese army. Later, he came to Yan’an ___10___ music at a college. ___11___ there were no pianos in Yan’an at that time, Xian still wrote ___12___ of his most important music there,

Yellow River , his most famous work.

In May 1940, Xian ___13___ to the Soviet Union by the Chinese Communist Party to write music for movies. In the Soviet Union, life was very ___14___. Xian got sick and later died of a lung illness ___15___ October 30, 1945, aged only 40. Xian’s music, however, lives on in the people’s hearts. 1. A. near B. nearly C. nearby D. nearer 2. A. he B. him C. his D. he’s 3. A. a B. an C. the D. this 4. A. so B. such C. very D. much 5. A. need B. may C. should D. could 6. A. practise B. practising C. to practise D. practised 7. A. what B. which C. whom D. who 8. A. leave B. leaves C. left D. was leaving 9. A. and B. but C. as D. or 10. A. teach B. taught C. teaching D. to teach 11. A. If B. Although C. When D. Because 12. A. any B. little C. few D. some 13. A. sent B. was sent C. has sent D. was sending 14. A. hard B. harder C. hardest D. the hardest 15. A. at B. in C. on D. by 二、完形填空(共10小题;每小题1.5 分,满分15分)

阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从16~25各题所给的A 、B 、C 和 D 项中选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

Before graduating college, Jackie began to look for a job. She aimed at a famous

company, but the ___16___ for such jobs was very strong. The company Jackie chose planned to employ only one person, but more than twenty people applied for the job. ___17___, Jackie was one of the three people invited for the final interview. The interview was very ___18___. The interviewer asked just a few questions and it was all over in less than 10 minutes. Then the interviewer said to them, “All of you are very good. Please go home and ___19___ our response.”

Three days later, Jackie received a message saying she would not be ___20___ the

job. She felt deeply disappointed. That evening, however, she received another

___21___. This time it said that she got the job. Jackie later found out that the first message sent to her phone was part of the interview- a ___22___ to see if she was suitable for the job. All the three people received the ___23___ text, but only Jackie’s reply ___24___ the company. Of the three, one did not reply. The other said “goodbye” and Jackie said “thank you”. This reply showed that Jackie was a/an ___25___ person, so the company offered her the job.

16. A. exam B. work C. competition D. plan

17. A. Thankfully B. Unluckily C. Hopefully D. Immediately

18. A. long B. strict C. interesting D. simple

19. A. pick up B. wait for C. deal with D. think of

20. A. offered B. returned C. refused D. shown

21. A. letter B. e-mail C. call D. message

22. A. guide B. conversation C. test D. lesson

23. A. same B. other C. second D. whole

24. A. reached B. satisfied C. helped D. surprised

25. A. brave B. clever C. polite D. honest

三、阅读(共两节;满分45分)

第一节阅读理解(共20小题;每小题2分,满分40分)

阅读下列短文,从26~45 各题所给的A、B、C 和D 项中选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

(A)

For his eleventh birthday, Lin was given a gift that would shape his life. On that day his father took him to the Children’s Activity Centre and said he could choose any course that interested him. There was just one requirement: Lin would have to promise to study it for at least one year.

To that point Lin had had many hobbies, but none kept his interest for more than a week or two. His mum once gave him a bag of stamps to encourage stamp collecting. That hobby lasted a week. The n his father got him some paints hoping that Lin’s artistic side would shine through. Those paints were now under his bed, still unopened. This time Lin’s parents would let him decide.

Lin’s eyes moved down the noticeboard that listed all the courses on o ffer. He stopped at “Photography”. He liked the idea of taking beautiful pictures but the notice said that each student needed their own camera. Although Lin’s family weren’t poor, they weren’t rich either, and a camera cost a lot of money. He continued lo oking.

The next course to catch his eye was “Language Art”. He didn’t even know what that meant. His father explained that it taught people how to make public speeches. Lin, a shy boy, could think of nothing worse.

Then he saw it. “Cooking” sounded like something he’d like to do. It was inexpensive and convenient, it could be done alone and it was also creative.

Based on Lin’s hobby history, his dad had doubts, but he agreed. Much to his parents’ surprise, Lin kept his promise. He studied cooking at the Centre every Saturday, and practised at home, making delicious meals for his family. Everyone looked forward to birthdays, when they could eat his cakes. Lin got great satisfaction from the pleasure his food brought to others.

The months turned to years but his hobby never changed again.

Now Lin is an adult and runs a successful restaurant. When customers say they enjoy his meal, he still gets the same pleasure he did as a child, and remembers the special gift he received all those years ago.

26. Why didn’t Lin choose to study photography?

A. It was too expensive.

B. He had no interest in it.

C. He was not very creative.

D. It was not offered that term.

27. The underlined expression “catch his eye” in Paragraph 4 means “________”.

A. make him excited

B. cause him surprise

C. get his attention

D. help him see clearly

28. Which of the following best describes Lin’s interest in cooking?

A. It only lasted for a short time.

B. It seemed to match his character.

C. It was forced on him by his parents.

D. It developed slowly over many months.

29. Why did the father have doubts about Lin’s choice of cooking?

A. Lin wasn’t good at cooking.

B. Cooking wasn’t very convenient.

C. He didn’t think Lin would continue.

D. Cooking wasn’t a good hobby for a boy.

30. What’s the best title for the passage?

A. A Strict Father

B. A Changeable Boy

C. The Fun of Cooking

D. The Birthday Gift

(B)

Experts believe that there are more than 8 million restaurants in the world today. So it might surprise you to learn that restaurants, as we know them, have only existed for a few centuries. Before 1765, there were no restaurants. That is, there were no places that provided the restaurant experience. There was nowhere in which a waiter brought you food and drink that you picked from a menu. In fact, there were no menus anywhere.

There were eating places travellers could go to centuries before that. The countryside was full of inns that would serve food. And there were taverns where one could get drinks. The rich could also eat special meals prepared by private cooks. But none of them could be called a “restaurant”.

A man called Boulanger changed that. In 1765, he opened a place in Paris that sold soups (汤). On his sign he used the word “restaurant” to describe what he was selling. At that time, soups were considered something that could help “restore”(恢复)your health –in French the word “restore”is “restaurer”- so he called the soups “restaurants”. Soon, people started buying Boulanger’s s oups even when they were not ill. And over time, people began to use the word “restaurant” to refer to a place selling soup rather than the soup itself. More “restaurants” opened in France, and people began to buy soups more often.

Later, restaurants in Paris began to serve other food besides soup. In the 1790s, menus started to appear. By the mid-1800s, there were many types of restaurants throughout the world. The United States offered coffee shops. Tea houses became popular throughout China. Paris created beautiful restaurants for the rich. The British began to copy the French, and the restaurant idea spread throughout the British Empire.

Today cities are filled with all types of restaurants. Diners have millions of options from which to choose.

31. What is the passage mainly about?

A. How restaurants developed.

B. What made a good restaurant.

C. Who created the first restaurant.

D. Why restaurants became popular.

32. According to the first paragraph, what made restaurants different from earlier eating

places?

A. Restaurants only served food.

B. Restaurants were more expensive.

C. Restaurants were mainly in cities.

D. Restaurants had a list of meal choices.

33. Who did Boulanger expect to come and eat at his restaurant?

A. Rich people.

B. Sick people.

C. Travellers.

D. Workers.

34. When it was first used, what did the word “restaurant” refer to?

A. A person.

B. A place.

C. Illness.

D. Soup.

35. When did restaurants begin to grow internationally?

A. In the 1600s.

B. In the 1700s.

C. In the 1800s.

D. In the 1900s.

C)

Many people know that rubbish is a big problem on planet Earth. What many people don’t know is that junk (垃圾) has become a problem in outer space too.

According to BBC News, there are more than 22,000 pieces of space junk floating around the earth. And these are just the things that we can see from the surface of the earth by telescopes (望远镜).There are also millions of smaller pieces of junk that we can’t see.

Objects, like bits of old space rockets or satellites, move around the planet at very high speeds, so fast that even a very small piece can break important satellites or become dangerous to astronauts. If the tiniest piece of junk crashed into a spaceship, it could damage the vehicle.

To make things worse, when two objects in space crash, they break into many smaller pieces. For example, when a U.S. satellite hit an old Russian rocket in 2009, it broke into more than 2,000 pieces, increasing the amount of space junk.

To reduce additional space junk, countries have agreed that all new space tools can only stay in space for 25 years at most. Each tool must be built to fall safely into the earth’s atmosphere after that time. In the upper parts of the atmosphere, it will burn up.

Many scientists are also suggesting different ways to clean up space junk. In England scientists are testing a metal net that can be fired into space junk. The net catches the junk and then pulls it into the earth’s atmosphe re to burn up. The Germans are building robots that can collect pieces of space junk and bring them back to Earth to be safely destroyed. “The problem is becoming more challenging because we’re sending more objects into space to help people use their mobil e phones and computers,” says Marco Castronuovo, an Italian space researcher.

“The time to act is now. The longer we leave the problem, the bigger it will become,” he says.

36. What does the underlined word “these” in Paragraph 2 refer to?

A. Telescopes.

B. Satellites.

C. Pieces of space junk.

D. BBC news reports. 37. Why is space junk considered a problem?

A. It burns up after it re-enters the atmosphere.

B. It often stops the view of telescopes on Earth.

C. It could force new space tools to travel at slower speeds.

D. It may crash into other space tools causing damage or death.

38. Countries want future space tools to be able to fall back into the earth’s atmosphere

so that ___________.

A. the tools can be reused later

B. the tools don’t become space junk

C. the earth’s atmosphere can stay clean

D. the effects of space flight can be studied

39. How do the Germans plan to deal with space junk?

A. Catch it with nets.

B. Use robots to collect it.

C. Burn it in the earth’s atmosphere.

D. Send it further away from the earth.

40. In which section of the newspaper would you probably read this article?

A. Environment.

B. Local News.

C. Education.

D. Fashion.

(D)

 

Science for Kids

This month’s most popular books

Women in Science by Rachel Ignotofsky

Price $25

We all know the story of Marie Curie and her many scientific achievements. But many other brilliant female scientists are far less well known. This book is a great

introduction to the lives and works of some of the most important and up-to-now unknown women in science. Recommended for Ages: 12-15 Special Offer this month only, all Bestbooks Book

Club pay 20% less for every book ordered. Join our club for free and save big money!

First Big Book of How by Jill Esbaum

Price $15

An excellent book about sea life for young children. The book is divided into 4 parts, one for each of the Pacific, Atlantic, Indian and Arctic oceans. It focuses on the different animals found in each of these seas, along with interesting facts and amazing pictures. Ages: 5-10

A Really Short History of Nearly Everything by Bill Bryson Price $15

Bill Bryson takes readers on a very funny and educational trip through the history of modern science -

from its unexpected successes to its great failures and everything in between.

Ages: 14 and over

Delivery We bring every book you order right to your door within three days.

For Bestbooks Book Club members this is free.Non-members must pay an extra $2 per book.

National Geographic’s First Big Book of the World

by Jan Carn

Price $20

This book is the perfect introduction to the seven continents. It tells young readers about the different animals that live on each of these lands and gives a simple description of the people’s history and culture. Ages: 5-12

41. How are the books on this webpage listed?

A. By price.

B. By popularity.

C. By reader’s age.

D. By writer’s name.

42. What is true about the book Women in Science? A. It is mainly about Marie Curie’s history. B. It lists all the important scientific achievements. C. It includes women scientists that aren’t famous. D. It is mostly about the development of modern science.

43. How much will a Bestbooks Book Club member pay in total if he orders First Big Book of How and A Really Short History of Nearly Everything today? A. $34. B. $30. C. $26. D. $24.

44. A primary school student who needs to write a science report about African elephants should choose ___________. A. Women in Science B. First Big Book of How

C. A Really Short History of Nearly Everything

D. National Geographic’s First Big Book of the World

45. What is the main purpose of this webpage? A. To sell books to young readers. B. To attract new book club members. C. To encourage students’ interest in science. D. To review books young readers might like.

第二节 阅读填空 (共5小题;每小题1分,满分 分)

阅读短文及文后 A~E 选项,选出可以填入 46~50 各题空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

Most of us think the telephone was invented by Alexander Graham Bell.___46___ In fact, an Italian named Antonio Meucci was officially recognised (认定) as the inventor a few years ago. Who is Meucci and why wasn’t he known for his invention at the time?

Antonio Meucci was born in Italy in 1808. He studied engineering and drawing. During his studies, Meucci started to experiment with electricity. ___47___ When two places were connected with wire, people in those places could hear each other talk.

In 1850, Meucci and his wife, Ester, moved to New York. Meucci was worried about his wife, because she had become very ill.___48___ To solve this problem, he connected metal cables between his home and his workshop. This way, they could talk to each other conveniently.

Meucci invited a group of people to see his new invention. They listened in amazement as the voice of a singer was heard through the wires.

___49___ Even worse, Meucci never applied for a patent (专利) on his invention. Meanwhile, Alexander Graham Bell was working on the same idea and in 1876 the patent for the telephone was given to him.

In 2002, more than a centur y after Meucci’s death, his work was finally recognised by the government.___50___

 

四、写作(共三节;满分35 分)

第一节单词拼写(共6小题;每小题1分,满分6分)

根据下列句子及所给单词的首字母写出所缺单词。在填写答卷时,要求写出完

整单词。(每空限填一词

51. Please open the w_______ and let some fresh air in.

52. The kind boy was happy to s_______ his food with the hungry man.

53. To keep healthy, you should do sports and have a balanced d_______. 54. N_______ cross the road when the traffic light is red.

55. By reading 30 minutes a day, you can learn more words and i_______ your writing.

56. The students are very h_______. They clean houses for the old people every weekend.

第二节完成句子(共7小题;每小题2分,满分14分)

根据所给的汉语内容,用英语完成下列句子。(每空限填一词

57. 你沿丝绸之路旅游过吗?

____________ ____________ ever ____________ along the Silk Road?

58. 参观广州博物馆对我们很有教育意义。

____________ ____________ very educational for us ___________ ____________

Guangzhou Museum.

59. 明天的大雨可能会阻碍我们外出。

The heavy rain may ____________ us from ____________ out tomorrow.

60. 广州的公园每年都种很多树。

Every year, a lot of trees ____________ ____________ in the parks in Guangzhou.

61. 我昨晚看的那场电影真好笑!

____________ ____________ ____________ movie I saw last night!

62. 我想知道明天我们在哪里见面。

I wonder ____________ ____________ ____________ meet tomorrow.

63. 如果你足够细心,就不会犯简单的错误。

You won’t ____________ any simple mistakes ____________ you ____________ careful enough.

 第三节书面表达(共1题;满分15分)

你是英语校报编辑李华。校报收到初一新生Ben 的来信,他提出了所面临的两个问题。请你根据以下提示写一封回信,说明Ben 的问题,提出你的建议并陈述理由。

 

Dear Ben,

I am sorry to hear that you are having trouble getting used to life in middle school. In your

letter you said that…

Good luck with everything!

Li Hua

注意:

1)回信应包括所有要点;

2)词数80 左右(信的开头和结尾己给出,不计入词数);

3)不得透露学校、姓名等任何个人信息,否则不予评分。

Dear Ben,

参考答案:

四、写作

第一节单词拼写

51. window

52. share

53. diet

54. Never

55. improve 56. helpful

第二节完成句子

57. Have you traveled/travelled

58. It is; to visit

59. keep/stop/prevent going

60. are planted

61. What a funny 62. where we will

63. make; if are

第三节书面表达

Dear Ben,

I am sorry to hear that you are having trouble getting used to life in middle school. In your letter you said that you felt lonely because you didn’t have enough friends. Here is my advice. First of all, it’s a good idea for you to join some school clubs so that you can make more friends. Besides, I suggest that you should spend more time on your hobbies in order to make your life more colourful and feel less lonely.

You also mentioned that it was difficult for you to learn English words by heart. My suggestions are as follows. To begin with, you had better read more English stories and news. In this way, you can better understand how to use these words. What’s more, I think it necessary for you to do more writing because it can help you remember the words well.

I believe if you follow my advice, you can develop your ability of getting along well with friends and have a better understanding of learning English.

Good luck with everything!

Li Hua

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