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2019年湖北宜昌英语中考试卷(答案)

2019年湖北省宜昌市初中毕业生学业考试

英语试题

本试卷共86小题,满分120分,考试时间120分钟。

注意事项:

本试卷分试题卷和答题卡两部分,请将答案写在答题卡上每题对应的答题区域内,写在试题卷上无效。

考试结束,请将本试题卷和答题卡一并上交。

第一部分听力(共三节,满分25分)

第一节(共5小题,每小题1分,计5分)

听对话选择图片:你将听到五段对话,请根据听到的内容选出五幅相关的图片。每段对话

后你有5秒钟的答题时间。听一遍。



第二节(共15小题,每小题1分,计15分)

听对话或独白回答问题:你将听到几段材料,每段材料之后你将看到几个问题。请根据这些材料内容,选择能回答所提问题的最佳答案。每段材料之后你有5至10秒钟的答题时间。听两遍。

请听第一段材料,回答第6至7小题。

6. Who is Alice’s poem about?

A. Her dad.

B. Her grandparent.

C. Her mum.

7. Why does Jimmy want to write one poem about his dad?

A. Because his dad is patient.

B. Because his dad encourages him.

C. Because his dad tells him, “You can do it!”

请听第二段材料,回答第8至9小题。

8. What is the woman doing?

A. She's making zongzi.

B. She's reading a story.

C. She's watching the boat races.

9. What time are they going to watch the boat races?

A. At 9:00.

B. At 8: 00.

C. At 10:00.

请听第三段材料,回答第10至11小题。

10. Who got a pet cat yesterday?

A. Joe.

B. Mike

C. Sue

11. What can't the pet cat do?

A. Walk on two legs.

B. Play chess

C. Play games.

请听第四段材料,回答第12至14小题。

12. What should the students do during the fire practice?

A. Go out of the classroom.

B. Turn on the lights.

C. Take their bags.

13. Where should they get together during the fire practice?

A. In the library.

B. Near the right gate.

C. On the playground.

14. Who will call their names?

A Jason. B. The teacher. C. Holly.

请听第五段材料,回答第15至17小题。

15. How old is Billy?

A. Two.

B. One.

C.Three.

16. Who will cook the soup?

A. Billy.

B. Anna.

C. Tim.

17. How long will the soup be cooked?

A. 35 minutes.

B. 45 minutes.

C. 10 minutes.

请听第六段材料,回答第18至20小题。

1 8. Where is the writer going this summer?

A. To stay at home.

B. To amusement parks.

C.To an old people’s home.

19. How many people will go there?

A. Four.

B. Two.

C. Three.

20. What will Carol and Becky do there?

A.Sing.

B. Read.

C. Dance.

第三节(共5小题,每小题1分,计5分)

听短文填写清楚:你将听到一段短文。请根据听到的短文内容完成表格中的有关信息。



第二部分语言知识运用(共三节,满分40分)

第一节(共15小题,每小题1分,计15分)

单项选择:从下列各题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中选择一个可以填入空白处的最佳答案。

26. —do you exercise, Tony?

—Three times a week.

A. How often

B. How soon

C. How long

D. How much

27. —Yang Ming, could you please teach me Chinese?

—__________.

A. Not at all

B. It is not a big deal

C. With pleasure

D. That’s all right

28. —do you put a lot of snakes into the forest?

—To protect the ecosystem.

A. Why

B. Which

C. How

D.When

29. —Shall we________the things we don’t use to the people in need?

—Good idea.

A. put off

B. set out

C. get into

D. give away

30. —What great progress Huawei in recent years!

—No wonder it is widely known in all parts of the world.

A. is making

B. has made

C. makes

D. made

31. —More and more people prefer to walk rather than ride in cars.

—, Walking is good for health.

A. So they are

B. So are they

C. So they do

D. So do they

32. —Did you the International Marathon in Lan Zhou on June 2, 2019?

—Of course. How exciting!

A. watch

B. review

C. suppose

D. discover

33. — A little bird entered through the open window to join us for dinner last night.

—Wow, the unexpected guest welcomed.

A. will be

B. must be

C. won’t be

D. mustn’t be

34. —Lucy, you can’t use the phone we are far from the gas(天然气) station.

—OK, I won’t do that again.

A. after

B. when

C. though

D. until

35. —Time past can not be called back again.

—Yes. Wasting time is a .

A. pressure

B. fairness

C. choice

D. shame

36. —He hardly had friends because he used to be mean.

—But now he has changed a lot. He treats others and is popular.

A nicely B. carelessly C. rudely D. heavily

37. —It’s reported that 31 of the brave young men in a big forest fire in Sichuan.

—I don’t know who they are, but I know who they are for.

A. were killing

B. were killed

C. killed

D. had killed

38. —About 20 million people in the world have no enough safe drinking water.

—So we should how to deal with the problems of water.

A. put on

B. look after

C. think about

D. get on with

39. —It’s a pity that my teachers parents allow me to swim alone.

—After all you are too young, safety first.

A. either...or

B. neither… nor

C. both...and

D. not only...but also

40. —Do you mind telling me ?

—Of course not. Remember “Keep Moving”.

A. how can I lose weight

B. where can I lose weight

C. how I can lose weight

D. where I can lose weight

第二节(共15小题,每小题1分,计15分)

完形填空:先通读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从各小题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出一个最佳答案。

Here are the materials you need to have a successful study period.

● Water and Healthy Snacks

Nowadays, you may spend much time studying. In the middle of a study period, you must be a little tired. It can be 41 to tell yourself that you have to stop. You may go to the 42 because you’re so hungry or thirsty. How can you save time? Solve this problem43 keeping a bottle of water and healthy snacks at your desk. These 44 will give you what you need for the long hours of studying ahead of you.

● The Internet

If you are not clear about what you have learnt, you’ll probably use your class notes to 45 .

What happens if these’s a topic that you still don’t 46 understand? You’d berter have a website or two that you can 47 to search a subject. You can find explanation(解释) in the website. These can be very 48 in making sure that you understand the material.

● Highlighters (亮光笔) and Sticky(粘的)Notes

Learn wisely. As you 49 your textbook and notes, use highlighters and sticky notes to 50 yourself of which key information you need to remember. 51 even the strictest teachers won’t make you 52 your whole textbook for your exam. in order not to lose those very important 53 , you can use some bright, fun color signs to record these materials.

●Note cards

Finally, we suggest keeping some note cards in your study 54 you can make flashcards for coming tests, these are a useful tool for 55 subject that requires memorization.

Good luck on your test.

41.A. strange B. easy C. different D. private

42.A. garden B. yard C. kitchen D. pool

43. A. by B. in C. on D. at

44.A. troubles B. shapes C. prices D. things

45.A. praise B. throw C. study D. promise

46.A. normally B. gradually C. completely D. politely

47. A. imagine B. use C. knock D. divide

48.A. peaceful B. beautiful C. thankful D. helpful

49.A. read B. perform C. argue D. treat

50.A. reflect B. remind C. receive D. repeat

51.A. Because B. Before C. After D. Though

52.A. cancel B. attend C. celebrate D. memorize

53. A. interests B. points C. sizes D. styles

54. A. as if B. even if C. so that D. since that

55.A. either B. another C. some D. any

第三节(共10小题,每小题1分,计10分)

综合填空:根据所给首字母、上下文或汉语提示完成空格中所缺单词,使短文完整通顺,语法正确。每空只能填一个词。

The Chinese high-speed railways have a quatity all on its own. Tier 1(一线) c 56 like Beijing have a couple hundred high-speed trains stopping at the city every day, China’s 57 (科技) on building the railway is leading the rest of the world. There is no sign thatany 58 country could be better than China in near future. I had my 59 (第一次) opportunity co ride the high-speed trains last week when I had a business meeting in Zhengzhou.

As someone w 60 grew up with a disdain (偏见)for public transportation (not sure why the US hates it so much), I was afraid 61 the experience. I hoped to fly, but was told that it would be much bettef if I 62 (乘)the train.

The train was amazing. I had traveled on a train before in the US. and hated how s 63 it was and how many stops there were. Chinese high-speed trains are on a different level. The trains are clean and the seats are huge. You can't even 64 (感觉) how fast the train is moving. If there were no windows, I wouldn’t be a 65 to tell when we were stopped or when we were traveling at 300 km/h—it is that smooth.

I'm traveling again this we ek by train and I’m excited.

第三部分阅读与写作(共四节,满分55分)

第一节(共10小题,每小题2分,计20分)

阅读下面两篇短文,根据短文内容选择最佳答案。

A

Sore necks are very common these days. How to avoid a sore neck? Here are the things you should know.

●Take precautions (预防措施) after an unusual activily. Many people report having a pain in their necks after doing something that they don’t often do, such as a new exercise or packing and moving.

lf you know you’ve done something that puts you a risk, massage(按摩)your neck , do it with different exercises and take a warm bath before bed.

●Make sure your workstation is correct. If you work long hours at a desk you may want to make sure thatyour work environment is set up to be the most relaxing. Make sure that your body is being treated right.

Keep your feet on the floor. This will often depend on how high your chair is, so adjust(调整) it in time to achievc good results.

●Change your posture often. Sitting in one position for long periods of time is nor healthy.

Sit with your back straight for most of the rime. Take a 5-minute break if you can and walk around every hour,

●Exercise. Find something —swimming, running or climbing - that makes you excited and feel alive. Make it into a usual way. Your body will feel better and your mind will feel more relaxed.

66. In Paragraph 5, the underlined word “it”refers to(指) .

A. the desk

B. the chair

C. your neck

D. yourbody

67. The underlined word “posture” in Paragraph 6 probably means “” in Chinese.

A. 姿势

B. 方向

C.方式

D. 状态

68. can avoid a sore back according to the passage.

A. Making your work environment be quiet

B. Sitting with back straight for a moment

C. Packing and moving for a long time

D. Exercising often like swimming or running

69.After doing something unusual, you may do the following things except .

A doing it with differeni exercises B. massaging your neck

C. taking a warm bath before bed

D. looking at your phone for too long

70.This passlage mainly tells us .

A. how to do exercise well

B. exercising often is good for people

C. how to avoid a sore neck

D. being healthy is the most important

B

The first time my wife Linda gave birth was in a hospital.

When Linda got pregnant ( 怀孕) for the second time, we wanted a home birth, not just for ourselves, but for our daughter. We are very open with our daughter. We want to teach her respect and awe(敬畏) for the things of bodies. So she was part of the process from the very beginning.

In the morning the midwives came just as Linda was climbing into the birth tub(盆).Our daughter offered her mom water and food while she rested. When she found the noise and activity of birth, she was too nervous to stay long, so she spent a few minutes next to the tub, then went into another room to play. Fhe midwives called her back in time to see her brother come into the world. As Linda pulled our tiny newborn son up, our daughter and I rushed to her side. all four of us hugging and crying and very excited,

That night, and many times since then, our daughter said. “I’m so proud of Mom for having a baby.” She has seen and admired the effort it takes to bring a new person into the world. It’s a part of her life, something that can happen in the same room where she colors and watches movies.

It was crucial that our daughter was part of that experience, not jusi for her, but for Linda and me as well. Everything we wanted for her—trusted care providers; a very familiar environmemt; continuing support; good food —were things we needed but didn't have the first time Linda gave

birth. We crossed this threshold(门槛) together, as a family, and it was messy and scary and painful and unusual and mysterious and really perfect.

71. The writer of this passage is probably .

A. a father

B. a mother

C. a daughter

D. a son

72. What does the underlined word “ midwives” probably mean .

A. carefully hardworking cooks

B. specially trained nurses

C. truly talented singers

D. very friendly drivers

73. From the last paragraph, we can see in fact the writer .

A. didn't warn her wife Linda to give birth in the family

B. didn't want their family to cross the chreshold together

C. thought it was crucial that their daughter was not parl of the experience

D. wanted her daughter to know that she was trusted and needed in the family

74. According to the passage we can see .

A. the writer's first child is a son

B. there are five people in the writer's family now

C, the writer's daughter saw her brother come into the world

D. the writer wanted a home birth. only just for their daughter

75. Which is the best title(标题) for this passage'?

A. My First Child Was Born in a Hospital.

B, The Second Child in My Happy Family.

C. A Messy and Painful and Unusual Family.

D. Why Did We Choose a Home Birth for Our Second Child?

第二节(共5小题,每小题2分,计10分)


It’s June, and summer vacation will begin soon. That’s a good thing. Most kids love summer vacation —they’ve worked hard during the school year and 76 . Also, the freedom of summer gives them self-esteem (自尊心),happiness, and creativity. When kids have free time, 77 , causing them to feel good ahout themselves and believe in themselves.

But there’s another side: the freedom of summer can cause the “summer drop,” where kids forget some of the reading, writing and math skills 78 . Many students go down in reading levels during the summer. Math skills are also easily forgettable for kids during the two months of school break. A lot of teachers spend wecks playing catch-up in the fall to make up for the summer drop. To avoid this drop in learning, 79 .

Traveling can be a fantastic way for parents to encourage continued learning during the summertime. Whether taking the kids on a road trip to visit family, or getting on a flight to travel in a different province or country, the learning possibilities are endless. If you and your family have a road trip or vacation planned this summer, 80 . With a little planning, parents can create learning oppotunities that are so fun, The kids won’t even reali ze you are putting education into their free time quietly and secretly.

第三节(共5小题,每小题2分,计10分)

根据所给汉语和提示词完成下列句子。

81.知识源于质疑。(from)

Knowledge questioning.

82.在中国,过生日时,面条是长寿的象征。(symbol)

In China, the noodles on the birthday are long life.

83.好运总是属于有准备的人。(belong)

Good luck always somebody that has prepared well.

84.无论我走到哪里,没有什么能把我和我的祖国分离。(separate)

Wherever I go, nothing can make me my motherland.

85.孩子们越早学会独立,对他们的未来就越好。{good)

The earlier kids learn to be independent, it is for their future.

第四节(共1题,计15分)

86.书面表达:

假定你是李华,你的英国朋友Mike得知你们开展了“做生态小公民,建设美丽家乡”

的活动,他来信表示很感兴趣并想了解具体细节,请给Mike写一封回信向他描述你(们)曾经做过的一件事或参与的一次活动。

要求:

(1) 内容应包括活动或事件的时间、地点、过程和你的感受:

(2) 文中不得出现真实的人名和校名:词数80~100。开头和结尾己给出,不计入总词数。

Dear Milk,

I’m glad to hear that you are interessted in our environment protection activities. To be an ecological eitizen(生态公民),we did a good job. Last

Now the environment around us becomes better and better. Welcome to my hometown one day.

Yours.

LiHua


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