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2019年湖北武汉英语中考试卷(答案)

2019年武汉市初中毕业生学业考试

英语试卷

I卷(选择题共85分)

第一部分听力部分

一、听力测试(共三节)

第一节(共4小题,每小题1分,满分4分)

听下面4个问题。每个问题后有三个答语,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项。听完每个问题后,你都有5秒钟的时间来作答和阅读下一小题。每个问题仅读一遍。

1. A. I'm Bob. B. H-U-N-T. C. Jim.

2. A. Very heavy. B. I like it. C. Some sand,I guess.

3. A. My parents. B. Next week. C. By bike.

4. A. A toy car. B. The red one. C. Very nice.

第二节(共8小题,每小题1分,满分8分)

听下面8段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来作答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

5. How many days are they staying in Wuhan?

A. 5.

B. 6.

C. 7.

6. Who will go out for a walk in the park?

A. The man.

B. The woman.

C. Both of them.

7. What does the woman want?

A. Orange juice.

B. Milk shake.

C. Apple juice.

8. Who are the two speakers?

A. Husband and wife.

B. Teacher and student.

C. Saleswoman and customer.

9. Whose birthday was it yesterday?

A. Tina's.

B. Tina's brother's.

C. Tina's sister's.

10. How is the woman feeling now?

A. Calm.

B. Surprised.

C. Disappointed.

11. How much did the man's wife pay for her coat?

A. 480 yuan.

B. 240 yuan.

C. 120 yuan.

12. What does the woman mean?

A. She wants a better job.

B. She likes being a secretary.

C. She doesn't mind a change. 第三节(共13小题,每小题1分,满分13分)

听下面4段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项。听完每段对话或独白前,你都有时间阅读各个小题。每小题5秒钟;每段对话仅读一遍。听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间,每段对话或独白读两遍。

听下面一段对话,回答13至15 三个小题。

13. What are the two speakers mainly talking about?

A. Going hiking.

B. The weather.

C. The man's sister.

14. How many people at least are going?

A. 3.

B. 4.

C. 5.

15. When will they meet?

A. At 6:30 am.

B. At 7:00 am.

C. At 7:30 am.

听下面一段对话,回答16至18三个小题。

16. Where are the two speakers talking?

A. In the hospital.

B. At Betty's home.

C. On the phone.

17. What happened to Betty?

A. She fell off the bed.

B. She had a car accident.

C. A volleyball hit her.

18. What was the doctor's advice?

A. To travel by bus.

B. To stay in bed.

C. To take some medicine.

听下面一段对话,回答19至21三个小题。

19. Where is Tom going?

A. To the post office.

B. To Helen's home.

C. To the police station.

20. Why is Helen there?

A. For a holiday.

B. To meet Tom.

C. To visit her school.

21. What can we learn from the conversation?

A. They haven't changed at all.

B. They were in different classes.

C. They knew each other before.

听下面一段独白,回答22至25四个小题。

22. What were the children going to do after their mother died?

A. To leave home with some money.

B. To buy a big farm.

C. To live together.

23. Who sold the fruit?

A. Bob.

B. Alice.

C. Ken.

24. How did the children become rich?

A. By working together.

B. By buying and selling fruit.

C. By making friends in town.

25. What was Judy's dream?

A. Each child would have a farm.

B. Her children would be kind to each other.

C. Her children could count money on the farm.

第二部分笔试部分

二、选择填空(共15小题,每小题1分,满分15分)

从题中所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出一个最佳答案。将代表该答案的字母在答题卡上相应的位置涂黑。

26. — Mum, I failed the exam again.

— _______.

A. I'm sorry, too

B. Not at all

C. Hard to say

D. Don't worry

27. — May I help you, young lady?

— _______.

A.Good for you

B. Well done

C. Yes, please

D. Take it easy

28. — Please mind your head, sir.

— _______.

A. It doesn't matter

B. Thanks a lot

C. Don't mention it

D. I'm afraid not

29. She's brought you some eggs. As you know, she _______ chickens.

A. keeps

B. will keep

C. has kept

D. kept

30. I ate some fruit, which I _______ since I was a child, and the vegetables from my garden.

A. have enjoyed

B. enjoyed

C. enjoy

D. had enjoyed

31. He _______ his English teacher when he was sightseeing in Paris.

A. has met

B. had met

C. met

D. would meet

32. He wrote his phone number _______ a piece of paper.

A. on

B. for

C. in

D. from

33. — Why not ask Bob to join us in the trip to the zoo tomorrow?

— Everyone in our group loves animals, but he always seems _______.

A. anxious

B. personal

C. cruel

D. careless

34. — I won't tell this to anyone.

— _______?

A. Agree

B. Guess

C. Hope

D. Promise

35. — Try this soup — you _______ like it.

— Wow! This is delicious!

A. must

B. will

C. shall

D. can

36. — Have you _______ chemistry for the coming exam?

— Yes. I'm quite ready for it.

A. repeated

B. copied

C. marked

D. reviewed

37. — Dad, what is the loudspeaker saying?

— It is to the _______. The flight to Wuhan is boarding now.

A. customers

B. passengers

C. members

D. tourists

38. — This room is too small. I'd like to ask for _______.

— Sure. We have rooms available here.

A. another

B. the other

C. one

D. it

39. — Why were you shouting at Tom?

— I told him to be quiet, but he _______ talking.

A. joined in

B. ended up

C. kept on

D. put off

40. Rose is wondering _______.

A. what is Matt doing

B. where has Jason gone

C. when will Aaron leave

D. who did the washing

三、完形填空(共15小题,每小题1分,满分15分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

Four years ago, Joel Kline gave up his job as a magazine editor to become a freelance copywriter for advertisements, but now he had money trouble. He says that he wishes he’d never 41 to set up his own business.

“I am now in such a bad situation,” says Joel, “I hope I am 42 working as an editor. You see, I was 43 with my job, and I used to get really angry at my boss and the way he used to 44 me around all the time. I talked to a few friends and they said that they could give me 45 , so I told my boss I was leaving. At first, everything was 46 : I had so much work that I had to take on an assistant(助理),my best friend at work, Don, just to be 47 to finish things on time. And soon we 48 large amounts of money. Don and I had a really great lifestyle, and when the work was finished, we used to take good 49 in places like Cancum and the Bahams, just to get relaxed.

At first, we were busy having fun, and charged(支付)everything to my credit cards instead, but then I began to 50 how much in debt(负债)I was. At last, I had to 51 Don off. I then had to sell all my office equipment(设备). Now I could do almost nothing even if people 52 me. Things got so bad that I even asked my old boss if I could do some work for the 53 ,but he said that I'd been so 54 to him when I left that he would never employ(雇佣)me again. I've had to 55 my business now and I don't know what I'm going to do for money. It just goes to show, if you set up your own business, you shouldn't spend money you don't have. ”

41. A. pretended B. learned C. failed D. decided

42. A. specially B. still C. also D. certainly

43. A. pleased B. strict C. bored D. patient

44. A. show B. order C. serve D. lead

45. A. time B. money C. food D. work

46. A. perfect B. wrong C. hard D. fun

47. A. afraid B. ready C. able D. about

48. A. lost B. borrowed C. donated D. made

49. A. vacations B. pictures C. courses D. chances

50. A. imagine B. remember C. wonder D. realize

51. A. lay B. see C. take D. put

52. A. paid B. helped C. forgot D. asked

53. A. advertisement B. magazine C. equipment D. lifestyle

54. A. shy B. rude C. lazy D. straight

55. A. close down B. pick up C. turn down D. set up

四、阅读理解(共15小题,每小题2分,满分30分)

阅读下面三篇材料,从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

A



56. The material above is mainly about _______.

A. The New York Times

B.“36 Hours” guides

C. an introduction to“Explorer”

D. prices of the new books

57. The two books cover _______ subjects.

A. 2

B. 4

C. 6

D. 8

58. “TASCHEN” in the material refers to _______.

A. the name of a writer

B. the sign of dream trips

C. a store that sells books online

D. a company that produces books

59. What can we learn about the books from the material?

A. They are very expensive.

B. They are well designed and made.

C. They are sold by a team of writers.

D. One of them is about “Beaches’,”“Islands” and “Deserts”

60. What the book series describes has something to do with _______.

A. journeys

B. readers

C. lifestyles

D. advertisements

B

You don't have to be a scientist to solve big environmental problems. One Dutch designer is finding creative ways to make a change — and he's inviting bikers to join him.

Daan Roosgaarde,38,is a designer from Holland. He uses creative ideas to improve city life. For his Smog(雾霾)Free Project,he designed a special tower that cleans air in Chinese parks. In Holland, he designed a shining bicycle path.

Now Daan and his team are working with engineers at Chinese bike-sharing company Ofo to create a new product for public use. It's an air-cleaning machine connected to a bicycle and is part of the Smog Free Project. In smoggy weather,the machine would breathe in the air in front of the bike and blow out a stream of clean air toward the biker's face.

It's no secret that air pollution is a big problem for China. In winter,it's common for thick clouds of haze (霾),caused largely by factory production,burning of coal and car emissions(排放物),to cover areas of China.

In 2016,only one-fourth of Chinese cities met the country's air quality standards,according to a survey of 338 cities nationwide from the Ministry of Environmental Protection.

“Of course one tower and a few bikes won't solve China's air pollution problem,”Daan said,“But smog-free b ikes are an exciting idea that will hopefully inspire communities to create greener cities. ”

61. According to the writer, _______.

A. air pollution is not a big problem in China

B. creative ideas may help improve city life

C. only scientists can solve big environmental problems

D. the survey of 338 cities nationwide was not necessary

62. The air-cleaning machine offers clean air to the biker by _______.

A. blowing out dirty air

B. running fast with the bike

C. cleaning the air around the biker

D. breathing in dirty air and cleaning it

63. From the passage, we know that _______.

A. people who have creative ideas can get free bikes

B. only smog-free bikes can go on the shining bicycle path

C. Daan and his family spent all their time improving China's air quality

D. China's haze in winter happens because of more than three causes

64. Daan is inviting bikers to join him in order to _______.

A. raise money for the tower

B. test his new machine

C. help solve the air pollution problem

D. make more Chinese friends

65. What is the best title for the passage?

A. Breathing In and Out

B. Biking for Fresh Air

C. Survey from the Government

D. China's Air Pollution Problem

C

Don't Judge a Book by Its Cover

Ever since I was a little girl,I've loved reading crime and detective(侦探)novels,so I guess it was pretty normal that I started writing them when I was older. However, my family is very big on having a traditional career(职业)and so when I said that I wanted to go to college and study writing,my parents told me that I couldn't. They told me that I had to study for a degree so that I would achieve a career,and not something as risky as writing. I suppose I could have studied journalism(新闻专业),but I didn't want to lose interest in writing because it would be something I would do every day for work,not for pleasure. I thought that teaching looked like a pretty good compromise(妥协),especially because of the long holidays. It was a good choice: by the time I was twenty-five,I'd already finished two novels and had an agent.

To be honest,I never meant to keep my being a crime writer a secret or anything,and my friends have always known. One of the reasons most people don't know is because my agent told me that my name Hazel sounded too much like a romance(浪漫)novelist for older women. She suggested Brooke Lane and I thought,“Well,if you think it'll make me successful,okay. ”I'd totally forgotten about it until I walked into school one day and saw one of my workmates reading my novel. I asked her some questions about it,and it was so clear that she had no idea that I'd written it — she even offered to lend it to me after she'd finished! Of course,sometimes I wonder what my students would think if they knew that their teacher was going home on the weekend to write about murders and dead bodies, but I think my parents probably did me a favor: my teaching job keeps me in touch with the real world.

66. Hazel is probably _______.

A. an agent

B. a journalist

C. a teacher and artist

D. a teacher and writer

67. The underlined words“is very big on”in the passage most probably mean _______.

A. to give no advice

B. to like something very much

C. to have more experiences

D. to misunderstand something

68. It's clear that Hazel _______.

A. agreed to study journalism for a degree

B. accepted Brooke Lane as her pen name

C. would like to write something for teaching

D. told her workmates about her writing novels

69. Hazel finally realized that her parents' advice on her career was _______.

A. helpful

B. exciting

C. disappointing

D. risky

70. We can infer from the passage that _______.

A. Hazel likes showing off in public

B. Hazel's students all want to write novels

C. Hazel's agent has played a role in her success

D. older women prefer the name Brooke to Hazel

II卷(非选择题共35分)

五、词与短语填空(共5小题,每小题2分,满分10分)

仔细阅读下面五个句子,然后用下面方框中所给的单词或短语填空,使每个句子在结构、句义和逻辑上正确。(提示:方框中有一个单词或短语是多余的。)


71. Our hometown has _____ many soft and sweet memories in our heart.

72. They are seen as _____ symbols of happiness and good wishes.

73. Mary decided to _____ for a job at an after-school reading program last year.

74. We usually plan to do something _____,or go somewhere together.

75. Although the storm broke many things apart,it _____ families and neighbors closer together.

六、阅读理解填词(共10小题,每小题1分,满分10分)

阅读下面短文,在空白处写出各单词的正确形式,单词的第一个字母已给出。

It was at an exhibition of the artists' works organized by the Red Cross. I was invited as a special g 76 to attend the exhibition. During this period,two cute girls of 16 or 17 years old came to me and asked me for my signature(签名).

“I haven't brought my pen. Is the p 77 okay?”Actually,I knew they wouldn't r 78 . I just wanted to show a well-known writer's good manners to the c 79 readers.

“Certainly,”the young girls readily a 80 . I could see they were very excited. Of course,their excitement also made me feel more pleased and satisfied. One of the girls h 81 her fine notebook to me. I turned over the cover of the notebook,wrote a few words of encouragement n 82 , and signed my name. The girl read my signature,frowned(皱眉),looked at me carefully and asked,“Aren't you Robert Charboss?”

“No,”I told her proudly,“I'm the author of Alice Adams,the w 83 of two Pulitzer Prizes. ”

The young girl turned to the o 84 , shrugged(耸肩)and said,“Mary,lend your rubber to me. ”At that moment,all my p 85 turned into a bubble(泡泡)immediately. Since then,I always warn myself: no matter how outstanding you are,don't think highly of yourself.

七、书面表达(共1大题,满分15分)

学校英语社团正在组织题为“My Family”的征文活动。假如你是李明,请根据以下内容提示用英语完成征文。

内容要点如下:

1. 三口之家,家庭幸福,邻里和睦;

2. 父母为教师,在校深受欢迎;

3. 分担家务,周末户外活动;

4. 相互陪伴,经常交流,良好家规助我成长;

5. 请补充说明一至两点与家庭相关的情况。

注意:

1. 文中不得透露个人姓名和学校名称;

2. 词数:60 - 80;

3. 内容连贯,不要逐条翻译;

4. 标题和开头已给出,不计入总词数。

参考词汇: popular adj. 受欢迎的activity n. 活动rule n. 规矩

My Family

I’m Li Ming. .

2019年武汉市初中毕业生学业考试

英语试题参考答案

一、听力测试(共25小题,每小题1分,满分25分)

1-5 BCABA 6-10 CACCB 11-15 CBAAC 16-20 CBBAA 21-25CABAB

二、选择填空 (共10小题,每小题1分,满分10分)

26-30 DCBAA 31-35CACDB 36-40 DBACD

三、完形填空 (共15小题,每小题1分,满分15分)

41-45DBCBD 46-50ACDAD 51-55 ADBBA

四、阅读理解 (共15小题,每小题2分,满分30分)

56-60CCDBA 61-65BDDCB 66-70DBBAC

五、词与短语填空 (共5小题,每小题2分,满分10分)

71. left 72. bright 73. try out 74. interesting 75. brought

六、阅读理解填词 (共10小题,每小题1分,满分10分)

76. guest 77. pencil 78. refuse 79. common 80. agreed

81. handed 82. naturally 83. winner 84. other 85. pride

七、书面表达 (共1大题,满分15分) (one possible version)

My Family

I’m Li Ming. There are three people in my family. We get on well with each other and our neighbors as well. My parents are both teachers and they're very popular at school. They often spend lots of time with me, sharing different ideas. We do housework together at home. And we do outdoor activities to get relaxed on weekends. I have many family rules and I think they help me be myself. I feel very happy and proud of my family. (79 words)备注:以下内容仅显示部分,需完整版请下载!

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