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2019年湖南长沙英语中考试卷(答案)

长沙市2019年中考英语试题及答案

注意事项:

1、答题前,请考生先将自己的姓名、准考证号填写清楚,并认真核对条形码上的姓名、准考证号、考室和座位号;

2、必须在答题卡上答题,在草稿纸、试题卷上答题无效;

3、答题时,请考生注意各大题题号后面的答题提示;

4、请勿折叠答题卡,保持字体工整、笔迹清晰、卡面清洁;

5、答题卡上不得使用涂改液、涂改胶和贴纸;

6、本学科试卷中听力材料以中速朗读两遍。

试卷分为四个部分,共8页,75小题,时量120分钟,满分120分。

I.听力技能(两部分,共20小题,计20分)

第一节听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项回答问题。听每段对话前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。(共5小题,计5分)

1.Where did Jim go last weekend?

A.The science park. B.The countryside. C.The city library.

2.How often does the boy play basketball?

A.Every day. B.Twice a week. C.Twice a month.

3.What’s the weather like today?

A.Rainy. B.Sunny. C.Snowy.

4.When will Mary have a picnic?

A.On Friday. B.On Saturday. C.On Sunday.

5.What color does the girl like best?

A.Green. B.Blue. C.Yellow.

第二节听下面6段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有2-3个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项回答问题。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。(共15小题,计15分)

听第六段对话,回答第6、7小题。

6.What will the man do next?

A.Leave right away. B.Stay for dinner. C.Catch a train.

7.How long will it take the man to get to the station?

A.Half an hour. B.One hour. C.One and a half hours.

听第七段对话,回答第8、9小题。

8.When will they go for a trip?

A.In June. B.In July. C.In August.

9.How long will they stay there?

A.For five days. B.For a week. C.For a month.

听第八段对话,回答第10、11小题。

10.What is the second gift for Cathy?

A.A skirt. B.A car. C.A computer.

11.What’s the probable relationship between the speakers?

A.Husband and wife. B.Boss and secretary. C.Father and daughter.

听第九段对话,回答第12至14小题。

12.What is John doing at the moment?

A.Cleaning the kitchen. B.Watching TV. C.Writing an email.

13.How old is Mark?

A.Seven. B.Eight. C.Nine.

14.What makes John unhappy?

A.His mother’s strictness.B.His brother’s laziness.C.His uncle’s arrival.

听第十段对话,回答第15至17小题。

15.Who helped Bob to make progress in math?

A.Jack. B.Lucy. C.Tony.

16.Which subject has become Lucy’s favorite?

A.Math. B.History. C.Physics.

17.What are the speakers mainly talking about?

A.History classes. B.Talent shows. C.Special memories.

听下面一段独白,回答第18至20小题。

18.In which country do children pick up things on their first birthdays?

A.China. B.Mexico. C.America.

19.When do girls in Mexico have a special birthday celebration?

A.At age 15. B.At age 18. C.At age 21.

20.What is often put on the top of a cake for the 21st birthday?

A.A candy. B.A coin. C.A key.

II.知识运用(两部分,共20小题,计20分)

第一节语法填空从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选择最佳答案填空。(共10小题,计10分)21._______ fun it is to have a field trip on the Orange Island!

A.What B.What a C.How

22.Keep trying, ______ you might surprisingly find hidden abilities within you.

A.but B.and C.or

23.Yesterday our headmaster made a speech ______ environmental protection, and we learned something about recycling of waste.

A.on B.at C.to

24.—I can’t find Sarah. Where is she?

— She ______ for tomorrow’s Xingcheng Cup speaking competition at home.

A.prepares B.will prepare C.is preparing

25.— So sorry, I took your school T-shirt by mistake. But where is _______?

—Don’t worry. Let me help you find it.

A.yours B.his C.mine

26.I ______ abroad for several years, but I have never regretted my final decision to move back to my motherland.

A.am living B.lived C.have lived

27.— Perfect photos! Good skills!

— Thank you. They ______ by my Huawei mobile phone. In fact, I am not skillful at all.

A.took B.were taken C.will be taken

28.Of the two physics problems, Martha just finished ______ one.

A.the most difficult B.the least difficult C.the less difficult

29.China is getting better at making hi-tech products ______ can be bought in all parts of the world.

A.who B.which C.what

30.Life is like a story. What matters is not how long it is but______.

A.how good it is B.how good is it C.what good it is

第二节词语填空通读下面的短文,掌握其大意,然后从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳答案。(共10小题,计10分)

Thanksgiving was just around the corner. The menu(菜谱)had been set. The shopping list was made.

31 seemed perfect. I could taste turkey and mashed potatoes(火鸡和土豆泥). Pictures of different pies, fruit and vegetables came into my mind. I couldn’t 32 !

The day before Thanksgiving my dad called a family meeting. He said we needed to practice being 33 . “We are going to34 at a homeless shelter(收容所)on Thanksgiving Day.” I couldn’t believe this was happening. So we wouldn’t cook our own Thanksgiving dinner? The holiday wouldn’t be the same. I thought the day would be ruined(糟蹋).

The next morning, we got up 35 . I followed my father to the shelter with my sleepy eyes. I had no great expectations and felt 36 all the way. As soon as we arrived, we got to work. There was so much to be done. But all I could think about was the dinner I couldn’t enjoy.

However, those thoughts soon 37 . Over the next few hours, I watched hundreds of people come through the shelter. For some, this was the only hot meal they would eat that week. For others, it was the first time to eat a Thanksgiving meal. The shelter was filled with 38 .

Through this experience, I learned that Thanksgiving is a time to think about your blessings(祝福)and look for ways to bless others. When I gave up what I had wanted, I discovered how much I have. It is much better to 39 than to receive. In the end, that Thanksgiving became an 40 experience. 31.A.Something B.Everything C.Nothing

32.A.wait B.care C.understand

33.A.creative B.nervous C.thankful

34.A.rush out B.help out C.check out

35.A.early B.late C.suddenly

36.A.excited B.good C.down

37.A.appeared B.disappeared C.rose

38.A.stress B.joy C.fear

39.A.give B.take C.waste 40.A.uncomfortable B.unreasonable C.unforgettable

Ⅲ.阅读技能(四部分,共24小题,计48分)

第一节图表理解阅读下面的图表,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中,选出最佳选项

回答问题或完成句子。(共5小题,计10分)

A

5 LAUGH YOUR HEAD OFF!!! If you are a huge fan of stand-up comedy (脱口秀),

y ou’ll have an amazing afternoon at EZ Comedy Club ! The greatest live show ever is coming to town!

Do you want to be part of the live audience (观众)? Recording Time

Friday, July 12th , 2019 Recording Location (位置)361, 3rd Ave, New Haven, CT How to join the audience? Please email us the following information at: [email protected] Name, ID number, phone number, one recent photo.

PS: Please check your inbox for our email.



Please show this email to the ticket office.

41.The Yum Restaurant stays open for _______ in total.

A .two hours

B .three hours

C .five hours

42.From the menu above, we know that _______.

A .bread and butter goes with starters

B .there are four kinds of different ice cream

C .the desserts are available for both lunch and dinner

B

43.If you are accepted as part of the audience by EZ Comedy Club ,you can ___________.

A .perform there

B .watch a live show

C .record your own comedies

44.Which of the following is NOT mentioned in the poster (海报)?

A .The host of the show.

B .The way to join the audience.

C .Recording time and location.

45.We can infer(推断)from the poster that the show could be _______.

A.very serious

B.quite funny

C.kind of boring

第二节短文理解阅读下面的短文,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中,选出最佳选项回答问题或完成句子。(共10小题,计20分)

A

Recently, a junior high school sent several students back home because they broke the school uniform(校服)rules. Should students wear school uniforms? The Young World magazine held a discussion on this topic(话题).

Kennedy: The school uniform is very important, because it always reminds me that I am supposed to go out of my way to study hard. It also helps prevent school bullying(欺凌). If everyone wears the same clothes, it is impossible to laugh at other people’s clothing.

Manson: The uniform has to be earned(获得)through efforts. Students should start school with no uniforms. As they make progress at school, they start wearing it. I always think children need to be proud of their school. The uniform is important for that. So, make students earn it! If they don’t perform well, they should not be allowed to get one.

Moorhead:In my opinion, kids don’t have to wear uniforms. There s hould be more choices open to kids in education. They ought to develop their own independence and just be themselves.

Their personalities would be expressed through their own clothes at school. And different dress could be one way of showing their understanding of beauty. Besides, they make the school lively and colorful.

Patrick:I can see the advantages of wearing school uniforms. They play a very important role in managing schools. However, a school should not depend heavily on uniforms to improve stude nts’ behaviors. Teaching them how to express themselves with confidence(信心)is more important.

46.What does the writer mean to do in Paragraph 1?

A.Present an opinion on a subject.

B.Introduce a topic for discussion.

C.Provide a way to solve problems.

47.What is Kennedy in the second paragraph?

A.A student. B.A teacher. C.A parent.

48.In Manson’s opinion, ___________ .

A.students have the right to get school uniforms for free

B.students should be encouraged to earn school uniforms

C.students performing well needn’t wear school uniforms

49.According to Patrick, what is more important?

A.Managing schools by uniforms.

B.Improving students’ behaviors.

C.Helping students express themselves confidently.

50.We can learn from the text that ___________ .

A.Kennedy can’t stand school uniforms

B.Moorhead is against school uniform rules

C.the writer holds the same opinion as Patrick’s

B

It is believed that Huck Finn is based on(基于)a childhood friend of Mark Twain’s. In fact, Twain was not alone in basing a fictional character(虚构的角色)on a real-life person.

Severus Snape / John Nettleship

Severus Snape is a skillful wizard(巫师)teaching magic in Harry Potter. The writer, J.K. Rowling, once said that the character was based on a teacher of hers.

The teacher turned out to be John Nettleship, who taught Rowling chemistry. At first, Nettleship felt surprised. “I know I am a strict teacher,” he said. “But I don’t think I am as bad as Snape!” On second thoughts, however, he said that he was so ill-tempered that most of his students avoided making him mad. Also, he used to wear long hair and have an untidy lab. That sounds familiar to Harry Potter fans.

Alice / Alice Liddell

Famously, Lewis Carroll’s Alice in Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland is based on Alice Liddell.

Carroll was close to the Liddell family. One day, ten-year-old Alice asked Carroll to tell her a new

story. Carroll began to create his famous tale of Alice and what happened after she fell through the rabbit hole. The little girl liked the story so much that she asked him to write it down. And the rest is history.

Dill / Truman Capote

In To Kill a Mockingbird, Harper Lee based Dill on her childhood friend, Truman Capote. Capote once said, “Lee was my best friend. Have you ever read To Kill a Mockingbird? I’m a character in that story! The story takes place just in the town where we lived!”

51.Snape and Nettleship have something in common EXCEPT__________.

A.their jobs B.their looks C.their hobbies

52.What does the underlined word “ill-tempered ” mean in Paragraph 3?

A.沉着冷静的B.优柔寡断的C.脾气暴躁的

53.What made Carroll decide to create Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland?

A.Alice Liddell’s requirement.

B.His great interest in rabbits.

C.His experience of travelling.

54.Being a character of To Kill a Mockingbird, Truman Capote felt________.

A.proud B.unsatisfied C.surprised

55.The text is mainly about ________.

A.purposes of writing fictional stories

B.introductions to famous writers’ childhood friends

C.characters of fictional stories from real-life persons

第三节语篇补全阅读下面的短文,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项补全短文。选项中有一项为多余选项。(共4小题,计8分)

Summer is here. One of the best ways to cool off on a hot summer day is to jump into a swimming pool. Swimming is great exercise, and a trip to a pool or beach is a good way to have fun with friends. 56.______________, so it’s important to stay safe as you do it. Here are a few things you can do to swim safely.

●Swim only in areas set for swimming.

Don’t swim unless there is a lifeguard(救生员)on duty. If you’re on a beach near the ocean, this is especially important. In some places, fast currents(急流)can sweep swimmers away without warning. So if a sign says “no swimming”, please take care.

●Be careful when diving(跳水)into the water headfirst.

Most pools have deep ends where diving is safe. In natural water, don’t dive unless you know that the w a t e r i s d e e p e n o u g h.57.______________,c a u s i n g i n j u r y(伤害)o r d e a t h.

●Make sure you have a partner with you.

Nobody knows what will happen while you are swimming. If something goes wrong, you can get help from that person as soon as possible. In this situation, 58.______________.

●Pay close attention to children’s safety.

Kids who don’t know how to swim should wear life jackets. But by themselves they are not enough, 59.______________ . If you have a pool at home, put a fence(围栏)around it in case children fall in. And if a child disappears, check the pool first.



第四节阅读表达阅读下面的短文,然后根据短文内容回答问题。(共5小题,计10分)

I am Canadian. I started learning French when I was 10 years old. But my whole experience with the language was in the classroom. All of that changed, however, during my last summer of high school. As a 17-year-old girl, I flew across the country by myself for the first time! I headed for Quebec to live in the province with a French-speaking host family, who didn’t speak any E nglish. And I would learn French at a local school.

On the first day of school, all of us students were given a test to determine(测定)our language level. We were required to speak only French all summer.

I made every effort to communicate in a second language by making new friends, seeing movies and even ordering food from restaurants in French. Though I couldn’t understand most of it at the very beginning, the whole experience was exciting and refreshing.

On weekends, my classmates and I took trips to different places around the province. On one trip, we went whale watching on the St. Lawrence River. Even though it was raining, we could see huge whales swimming around our boat. The most memorable part of our trip was a visit to historic Quebec City. I walked along the stone streets, took pictures of the European-style(欧式的)buildings, and learned some stories there.

Finally my efforts paid off! At the end of the summer, I was able to communicate pretty well. I

couldn’t wait to go back to school and talk with my French teacher. Being fully immersed(沉浸)in a French-speaking environment was a valuable learning experience. And it could be the main reason for my improvement in French.

60.When did the writer fly alone for the first time?

61.How did the local school d etermine the students’ language level?

62.Did the writer enjoy the experience of communicating in French?

63.What did the writer think of the visit to historic Quebec City?

64.What could be the main reason for the writer’s improvement in French?

IV.写作技能(三部分,共11小题,计32分)

第一节语篇翻译阅读下面的短文,将划线部分译成英文或中文。(共5小题,计10分)Do you enjoy hitting the books? It doesn’t mean you enjoy beating your books with your hand. That may be reasonable if you don’t understand something inside your books. Hitting the books just means t hat you are studying hard. You can learn a lot when you hit the books. 65.Especially before exams, most students spend a lot of time hitting the books to get good grades.

This is just one example of expressions that can’t be understood by taking them apart(分开)word by word. Expressions like this are called idioms(习语). They are an important part of a culture’s language. Languages and cultures are closely connected. One example of an idiom in the Chinese language is “dui niu tan qin”, or “to play the lute(拨弦乐器)to a cow.” 66. 这意味着某人在说话或写作时不考虑其听众或读者。

Let’s get back to idioms that begin with the word “hit”. 67. There are many of them in English, but it’s not that easy for you to understand.

One common idiom you may hear in English is “hit the road”. It means to leave or to go. You can say, “Hey, I need to hit the road. Can we talk about this another time?” Or simply, “It’s time to hit the road.” When you are tired and you want to go to bed, you can say, “I need to hit the hay(干草).” It means you want to go to sleep. 68.That’s because a bed was often a big bag with hay inside in the past.

<!--[if !supportLists]-->69. <!--[endif]-->习语使你的语言生动而有趣。

Let’s hit the road to learn some and try to use them.

第二节情景交际通读下面的对话,根据上下文补全对话内容。(共5小题,计10分)

A: Hey, Joy. This is Steve, calling from the Tianmenshan Mountain of Zhangjiajie!

B: Hi, Steve. You are already in Zhangjiajie?! Great to hear you! So 70?

A: Oh, amazing! You know, Zhangjiajie is famous for its steep(陡峭的)mountains, which are quite different from those in our country.

B: Really? 71?

A: No. Instead of walking, we took the cable car(缆车).

B: That was also an exciting experience, I suppose. 72?

A: For five days. My dad will have an important meeting next Monday. Work comes first.

B: What a pity! Given more time, you could visit more places of interest. How about the food there?

A: 73! As a real foodie(吃货), I enjoy all kinds of traditional food here. And so do my family.

B: You do?

A: Yes. And tomorrow we are going to visit Huanglongdong. It is said to be one of the most beautiful karst caves(溶洞)in the world and it has interested so many travellers.

B: Fantastic! Could you please tell me more about it when you are back?

A: 74. I’ll see you in a few days. Talk to you soon.

B: Thank you. Have a nice journey!

第三节书面表达(计12分)

75.假如你是李华,你们班输了上周的篮球赛。Henry认为是他未能投进最后一球所造成的,有的队友也因此而责怪他。请你写一封英文邮件安慰他,谈谈你对此事的看法,并就如何取得队友的理解提出建议。

要求:(1)80词左右(开头已给出,不计入总词数);

2)可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;

3)信中不得出现真实人名和校名。

Dear Henry,

I learned that you are feeling sorry and upset because of losing the basketball game…

参考答案

1.听力技能

1-5 BBABC 6-10 ACBAC 11-15 CCABA 16-20 BCAAC

Ⅱ.知识运用

第一节语法填空

21-25 ABACC 26-30 BBCBA

第二节词语填空

31-35 BACBA 36-40 CBBAC

IⅡ.阅读技能

第一节图表理解

41-45 CABAB

第二节短文理解

46-50 BABCB 51-55 CCAAC 56-59 CEDB

第三节阅读表达

60. At age 17.

61. By giving them a test.

62. Yes.

63. It was the most memorable part of the trip.

64. Being fully immersed in a French-speaking environment

Ⅳ.写作技能

第一节语篇翻译

65.尤其在考试前,大多数学生为了取得好成绩而花许多时间努力学习。

66.It means someone speaks or writes without considering his listeners or readers.

67.英语中有很多这样的习语,但理解起来并不那么容易。

68.那是因为在过去床常常是填充着干草的大袋子。

69.Idioms make your language lively and interesting.

第二节情景交际

70.what do you think of it?

71.Did you climb the mountain on foot?

72.How long will you stay there?

73.It tastes delicious!

74.No problem.

第三节书面表达

75.Dear Henry,

I learned that you are feeling sorry and upset because of losing the basketball game.It's not easy being in your situation,and it's normal to have these feelings.Anyway,don't be too hard on yourself.

You know,basketball is about team effort.It's never just one person's fault.What matters is that you should learn from the games as well as your mistakes.Besides,you need to think about how you can do better next time.

As a whole,teammates should support and believe in each other.Why don't you sit down and communicate with them?And you could promise that you will spare no efforts to better your skills.If all of you pull together,you're sure to win the next one.

Best wishes!

Yours,

Li Hua

二、评分标准

1.第1小题到第40小题,每小题1分;

2.第41小题到第59小题,每小题2分;

3.第60小题到第74小题,除参考答案之外的可接受答案,均可酌情给分;

4.第75小题书面表达的评分标准:

A档(11-12分)能够围绕话题进行表述,语言基本无误,行文连贯,表达清楚;

B档(9-10分)能够围绕话题进行表述,语言有少量错误,表达基本连贯、清楚;

C档(7-8分)能够基本围绕话题进行表述,语言表达有些错误,行文很不连贯,但不影响句意理解;

D档(4-6分)尚能围绕话题进行表述,语言错误较多,影响意思表达;

E档(0-3分)只能写出与话题相关的一些单词或一两个句子,只有个别句子可懂。

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