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2019年山东青岛英语中考试卷(答案)

山东省青岛市2019年初中学业水平考试

(考试时间:100分钟;满分:90分)

说明:

1.本试卷分为第I 卷和第Ⅱ卷两部分,共六大题。第I 卷包含单项选择、完形填空和阅读理解,共40小题;第Ⅱ卷包含词汇运用A 、B ,阅读表达A 、B 和书面表达。

2.所有题目均在答题卡...

上作答,在试题上作答无效。 I 卷(满分40分)

I.单项选择(本题10小题,每小题1分,共10分)

从每小题所给的四个选项中选出最佳选项。

1. —Lucy, how about going to the ______?

—Sounds great! Reading books can give us much pleasure.

A. library

B. cinema

C. museum

D. concert

2. Qingdao is a beautiful city that lies in ______ east of China.

A. an

B. /

C. the

D. a

3. As middle school students, we ______ follow the public rules wherever we go.

A. would

B. should

C. might

D. could

4. The high speed train ______ Qingdao and Beijing travels faster now. The train ride takes only about three hours.

A. from

B. among

C. in

D. between

5. My brother has a healthy living habit. He ______ stays up late, and he is an early bird.

A. usually

B. hardly

C. often

D. always

6. The English Speech Competition ______ the best in her. As a result, she is more active now.

A. checked out

B. tried out

C. left out

D. brought out

7. ______ special classes we had! We have learned a lot about paper cutting.

A. What

B. What a

C. How a

D. How

8. Friends are like books. You don’t need a lot of them ______ they are good.

A. or

B. and

C. as long as

D. as soon as

9. To make rivers ________ than before, everybody is supposed to protect them.

A. dirty

B. dirtier

C. clean

D. cleaner

10. —Could you tell me ________ tomorrow? —It will be sunny.

A. what will the weather be like

B. what the weather will be like

C. when will the weather be sunny

D. when the weather will be sunny

II.完形填空(本题10小题,每小题1分,共10分)

阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,从A 、B 、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项。

A gift is necessary when one is invited to visit friends in China. After greetings, the gift should be passed immediately to the host. Remember that usually Chinese people will not open the gift in front of the person who gives 11 . To show the respect, it may be 12 to explain what the gift is. Bringing some nutrients and tonics (营养品、补品) to the elders in the family is a good idea. Y ou can 13 prepare some small gifts for the spouse (配偶) or kids of the host. The host usually makes full 14 by carefully tidying up the house and 15 a lot of delicious dishes. 16 the meal is well prepared, the host may say to the guest politely, “My preparation is not enough, please excuse me for my poor treat.” As a guest, you should make the host believe that there is plenty to eat by praising the food.

While eating, the elders will use chopsticks to 17 food for guests as a tradition and ask them to eat 18 . As a guest, you should accept their goodwill readily. But nowadays, the younger people do the traditional way less.

After dinner, tea and fruit are usually served. When the guests are to leave, the host may still politely ask them to s tay. They don’t have to take it 19 and they can try to find a good time to leave. Th is doesn’t mean that leaving early is always a good idea as the host may feel that the guests are not satisfied with the treat. Finding the right time to leave 20 the situation.

11. A. it

B. them

C. that

12. A. necessary B. careful C. comfortable

13. A. too B. also C. either

14. A. plans B. decisions C. preparations

15. A. enjoying B. cooking C. washing

16. A. But B. Although C. Because

17. A. cut up B. eat up C. pick up

18. A. more B. less C. many

19. A. completely B. seriously C. probably

20. A. works out B. sticks to C. depends on

III.阅读理解(本题20小题,每小题1分,共20分)

阅读下列短文,做出正误判断或选出最佳选项。A 篇为判断正(A )误(B )题,B 、C 篇为选择题,D 篇为六选五补全短文。

A



21. The garden sensor helps the environment and does yard work at the same time.

22. It takes the inflatable chair more than five minutes to fill with air.

23. The soundbook works indoors or outdoors.

24. A person needs two monofins, one for each foot.

25. Soundbook is the most expensive of the four products while the inflatable chair is the cheapest.

B

Rupert Isaacson was born in Africa, and grew up in London and in the English countryside, where he discovered his love of horses. Because he grew up hearing so many fascinating memories about Africa from his parents, he went there and lived with the people called The Bushmen of the Kalahari Desert.

By the year 2000, Rupert was already working as a reporter, writing articles and guidebooks about Africa and India. He met his wife Kristin in India. Today, they live with their son, Rowan, in the US. But Rupert faced the greatest challenge of his life when, at the age of two, Rowan was diagnosed (诊断) with an illness that influenced his ability to communicate with others.

Rupert discovered that spending time with horses and riding them was helping Rowan. But unluckily, the Bushmen of the Kalahari do not have horses. So the family set out for Mongolia, where horses have been important for long. Rupert has written about this journey to help his son in his book Horse Boy , and he has produced a documentary of the same name. In the film, people have the chances to see the family travelling in Mongolia, riding horses and meeting healers (治疗师) in order to help Rowan.

Because working with horses has helped Rowan, Rupert set up The Horse Boy Foundation on his farm in Texas. It is a school that teaches people how to use horses for healing. Besides writing another book, The Long Ride Home , about travelling with Rowan to Africa, Australia and Arizona in the US, Rupert has also produced the documentary Endangerous , with Rowan as host, about dangerous animals that are endangered. Rupert Isaacson has managed to discover the secret of turning one challenge into many achievements. 26. Where did Rupert Isaacson discover his love of horses? A. In the English countryside. B. In India. C. In Africa.

D. In Mongolia.

27. When was Rowan diagnosed with the illness mentioned in the passage? A. In the year 2000.

B. At the age of two.

C. When he was in Mongolia.

D. When he was in London. 28. Why did Rupert’s family go to Mongolia? Because _________ there. A. he worked as a reporter B. there were no horses C. there were lots of horses

D. he wanted to meet his wife

29. What is the purpose of The Horse Boy Foundation? A. To produce a documentary. B. To communicate with others. C. To learn how to ride horses.

D. To teach people how to use horses for healing.

30. How many documentaries has Rupert produced in the passage? A. Two.

B. Three.

C. Four.

D. Five.

C


Wind power is a very clean source of energy. This is how wind power works. Wind makes windmills spin (旋转). When the windmills spin, they make electricity. Then we can use the electricity. A lot of people think that wind power is new, but that’s not true. For thousands of years, people have used wind to sail boats and move water. We still do those things today, but use wind power to make electricity.


Wind power is a very popular source of energy. Most people think that we should use it more and more. First of all, it’s clean. Windmills don’t pollute the environment at all. Second, we can use wind power forever. After all, we will always have wind. Also, wind power is cheap, and it’s getting even cheaper.

A lot of people don’t understand wind power very well. They believe that there are problems with wind power, but many of those problems are not real. For example, some people say that windmills are dangerous for birds. They used to be true, but it isn’t true anymore. Old windmills killed birds because they spun very fast. New windmills spin slowly, and they aren’t dangerous for birds.

However, there are real problems with windmills. One problem is that many people think windmills are very ugly. This is a problem for people, because windmills are often in very pretty areas. Also, wind doesn’t blow all the time, so we can’t use wind power all the time. Finally, windmills are noisy.

Wind power is becoming more and more common. Right now, more than 80 countries use wind power. About 2.5 percent of the world’s power comes from the wind. For some countries, that number is a lot higher. Wind power gives Denmark more than 25 percent of its electricity.

31. Why DON’T new windmills kill birds? Because ________.

A. birds don’t fly near them

B. they spin slowly

C. they are shorter than old windmills

D. new windmills don’t spin

32. When did people start using wind power?

A. About 25 years ago.

B. About 80 years ago.

C. About 500 years ago.

D. Over 1,000 years ago.

33. ________, so we CAN’T use wind power all the time.

A. Windmills break all the time

B. We can’t use windmills at night

C. Windmills are too expensive to use all the time

D. Wind doesn’t blow all the time

34. What does the article say about wind power?

A. Most people don’t like it.

B. It’s getting cheaper.

C. Denmark doesn’t use it.

D. It’s getting more expensive.

35. What is the best title for the passage? A. Expensive Windmills

B. Cheap and Clean Energy

C. Popular and Clean Wind Power

D. Dangerous Birds

D

There is something diff erent in this week’s blog. Let’s look at some birthday customs around the world.

Harry Baker, Perth, Australia

It’s my birthday next Wednesday. I’m going to be 10 years old. 36. in my country. My mom’s going to make me a huge plate of fairy bread. It’s a snack. We make it with bread, butter, and colorful sugar called “Hundreds and thousands”. Jim Dixon, Montego Bay, Jamaica

I love birthdays! They are a lot of fun. Here in Jamaica, we have an old custom.

37. Guess what we do? We throw flour (面粉) at our friends! It’s my best friend’s birthday tomorrow. 38. I’m going to buy a lot of flour to throw at him.

Victoria Smith, London, UK

My grandmother is going to be 100 years old in June. She’s very excited because she’s going to get a special letter from the Queen. The Queen sends a letter to every person who reaches 100. 39.

Jiang Li, Beijing, China

In my country, we celebrate birthdays with a special type of the food. Noodles are a sign of long life for us. This year, I’m going to make some “long life noodles” for all my friends. 40. and have a great evening!

根据短文内容,从选项中选出能填入文中空白处的最佳选项,选项中有一项为多余选项。

A. I’m going to go to the store soon.

B. I’m going to make a big cake.

C. It’s a tradition that makes people very happy.

D. We like to surprise people on their birthdays.

E. We’re going to eat them together.

F. We always eat fairy bread on our birthdays.

II卷(满分50分)

IV.词汇运用(本题10小题,A每小题2分,B每小题1分,共15分)

A.


41. Jack is a good learner because he always _________ what he needs to learn with something interesting.

42. English Day is coming, and we ________ an English party soon.

43. He ________ to hand in his science report last week.

44. The writer is so popular that he ________ more than 200,000 books so far.

45. —Where is Grace?

—She is at the gate of the theatre. She ________ in line to buy tickets.

B. 根据句意和所给汉语完成句子。每空一词。(5分)

46. Don’t worry! We are old enough to look after _________ (我们自己).

47. There is a big park ________ (在旁边) the supermarket. I prefer to take a walk there. 48. Rose’ s father is the ________ (忙碌的) in the hospital, because he is an excellent doctor.

49. People who learn ________ (明智地) and well will achieve their dreams more easily.

50. Keeping English ________ (日记) is a good way to improve English.

V.阅读表达(本题10小题,共20分)

A

阅读下面短文,完成51至56题。(共10分)

There are some things that are almost impossible to say to our close friends —especially if we want (A)them to be our friends for life. Are you wondering what problems others have?

“I can’t stand your other friends.”

My best friend, Kate, sometimes hangs out with some people that I really don’t like. I think they have a bad influence on her, and she only spends time with them because they are “cool”. Could you tell me if I should bring the matter up with her, or if it would be better for me to keep quiet? I don’t want to lose her as a friend.

—Linda “I won’t help you cheat.”

(B)My closest friend, Kim, has lost interest in school and studying. He says he’s bored with the whole thing, so he often asks me whether I’ll let him copy my homework. By now I’ve said no, but he keeps asking me. I told him, “I think we’ll get in trouble.” but he just laughed and told me not to worry. I don’t want to put my grades at risk, but I’m afraid to face my friend about this, so I just keep avoiding the topic. How can I get him to stop asking?

I was wondering if you could give me some suggestions for dealing with my problem.

—Mike “No, I CAN’T do that for you!”

Anna is my best friend. We get along with each other well, but she is asking me to do things for her all the time. “Could you help me pick out some new clothes? Would you mind if I borrowed your bike? Can you look after my apartment while I’m away?” And these are just a few examples. I’ve said yes so many times that now I’m afraid I’ll hurt her feelings if I say no. Any ideas?

—Amy

51. 从文中找出(A )处划线单词 them 所指代的内容。(1分)_______________________

52. 从文中找出与 “I was thinking whether you could help me out with your suggestions.”意思相同或相近的句子。(1分)

________________________________________________________________________

53.将文中(B )处划线句子 My closest friend, Kim, has lost interest in school and studying .翻译成汉语。(2分)

________________________________________________________________________

54.根据上下文,补全句子。(2分)

Kate only spends time with some people that Linda really doesn ’t like because _________ ________________________________________________________________________

55.回答问题What does Kim often want to do? (2分)

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

56.完成任务。Please give Amy ONE idea. (2分)

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

B

阅读下面短文,完成57至60题。(共10分)


Drones are like airplanes, only without a pilot. No one without a pilot’s license shoul d be allowed to have one.

Something bad or unexpected can happen when people send up a self-controlled flying machine like a drone without knowing how to really control it. Drones can become flyaways, and can be caught up on a jet stream (喷气流) and blown away. A falling drone can do much damage (损害) to buildings and people.

Though drones can be harmful, they can be very helpful.

At a sports event, drones can be used to give the spectators (观众) a view from above or help coaches see how their players are doing.

They are also becoming a useful tool for firefighters, helping them find and fight wildfires.

Drones can watch secretly on populations of animals in the wild, especially endangered ones.

In some faraway places in the world, drones are the fastest way to send medicine to people who are in great need of it.

Some people think drones can only be used by governments to help when needed. Others think that if rules are obeyed, there should be little risk to people and property (财产).

Drone makers say drones are exciting new technology and that the future will be controlled by them.

57.用英语列举drones 的两种用途。(4分)

①_______________________________________________________________________ ②_______________________________________________________________________

58.回答问题。Who should be allowed to have a drone? (2分)

_________________________________________________________________________

59.回答问题。In some people’s opinions, can the drones only be used by governments at any time? Why? (2分)

_________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________

60. 根据短文内容完成句子。(2分)

Paragraph(段落)Two is mainly about____________________________________.

VI.书面表达(共15分)

人生中有很多第一次:第一次学游泳;第一次跟家人外出旅行;第一次做家务;第一次赢得比赛;第一次……。请根据提示,就你的第一次……写一篇短文。 内容包括:

1.第一次……的整个过程;

2.你的感受。 要求:

1.词数:80-100(开头已给出,不计入总词数);

2.文中不得出现真实的校名和人名。

As we all know, everyone has his unforgettable memories. I still remember the first time___



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