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英 语 试 题
1. A. That is her schoolbag. B. This is my friend. C. Those are my brothers.
2. A. Is your father tall? B. Do you have a baseball? C. Can you play the piano?
3. A. I didn’t water the plants. B. They don’t like carrots. C. She isn’t watching TV.
4. A. Where are koalas from? B. What does he look like? C. When is your music class?
5. A. Let’s join the sports club. B. Have a good day at school. C. Keep quiet in the library.
10. A. B. C.
11. A. Jinan Zoo. B. Jiuru Mountain. C. Baotu Spring.
12. A. Some workers. B. Some classmates. C. Some farmers.
13. A. Windy and cold. B. Sunny and warm. C. Cloudy and dry.
14. A. At 5:00 a.m. B. At 5:30 a.m. C. At 8:30 a.m.
15. A. He cooked meals. B. He drank milk tea. C. He read books.
16. A. On Friday. B. On Saturday. C. On Sunday.
17. A. Outgoing. B. Serious. C. Careless.
18. A. By teaching tourists. B. By fishing alone. C. By helping Jack.
19. A. One. B. Two. C. Three.
20. A. Happy. B. Thankful. C. Upset.
21. A ________ /? i:p/ is eating grass in the filed.
A. ship B. sheep C. shop D. shape
22. Both of my parents ________ /w?:k/ in a bank.
A. walk B. week C. work D. weak
23. Life is ________ /f?l/ of happiness and pain. You never know what will happen next.
A. fall B. fill C. feel D. full
24. I made a ________ /m??ste?k/ yesterday. Mrs Black talked about it with me patiently.
A. mistake B. meter C. minute D. matter
25. Lucy got plenty of pocket money during Spring Festival, so she can ________ /??f?:d/ the bike.
A. avoid B. attend C. afford D. around
26. —Tom, there will be a heavy rain this afternoon.
— I know, Mum. I will take ________ umbrella.
A.a B. an C. the D. /
27. —Ellen, I picked up a white pen under your chair. Is this yours?
— Oh, yes. It’s ________. Thank you, Lisa.
A.she B. his C. mine D. your
28. — The song My country and I is getting ________ again in China.
— Yes. Many people like to sing this song to show their pride of being Chinese.
A.available B. careful C. popular D. different
29. — Do you have any good eating habits, Kate?
— Of course. I eat a lot of ________, such as onions, carrots and cabbages.
A.fruit B. eggs C. meat D. vegetables
30. — ________ you able to see the sea from this window?
— Yes, it’s peaceful. Some people are swimming in the sea.
A.Do B. Are C. Will D. Have
31. — Excuse me, where is the nearest bookstore around here?
— Just go along Center Street and turn left. Xinhua bookstore is ________ your right.
A.in B. on C. at D. to
32. — ________ do you celebrate your father’s birthday?
— We usually have a big meal and buy a nice gift for him.
A.Why B. What C. Where D. How
33.Many college students go to West China to help local people, ________ they may find a good job in big cities.
A.because B. if C. although D. after
34. — I have already read six English books. How about you, Bill?
— Only two. You read ________ books than me.
A.less B. least C. more D. most
35. — There is something wrong with my computer. ________ you help me fix it up?
— No problem.
A.Could B. Must C. Should D. May
36. — Look, Cindy. The flowers in our classroom come out in one night.
— I can’t believe it. They are beautiful and colorful. They ________ great.
A.sound B. feel C. taste D. smell
37. — ________ the rubbish into the litter bin, Peter!
— OK, Miss White.
A.Puts B. Putting C. Put D. To put
38. — David, do you plan to watch talk shows or sports shows tonight?
— ________. I want to know if Houston Rockets can win the basketball final.
A.Yes, I do B. Talk shows C. No, I don’t D. Sports shows
39. — I’m afraid I can’t do well in the sports meeting. I might let my classmates down.
— ________. You don’t need to push yourself too hard.
A.It’s a pleasure B. What a pity C. Take it easy D. You’re welcome
40. — What a nice handbag you have!
— Thanks. Susan made it. She ________ old clothes to make handbags since 5 years ago.
A. recycles B. recycled C. will recycle D. has recycled
41.Which of the following is the traditional food people usually have on Dragon Boat Festival?
A. B. C. D.
42. —When do you leave home for school?
— At 6:00. I ________ very early because I live far away from school.
A.take off B. set out C. put off D. hang out
43. — ________ sings songs loudly every night in our community when we sleep.
— That’s so strange. You’d better find out who does it.
A.Everyone B. No one C. Someone D. Anyone
44. — Erin, you manage to lose your weight in such a short time.
— Well, I have ________ for three weeks to meet the health standard.
A.joined a sports club B. got training
C. started running D. kept exercising
45. —Alice, could you tell me ________?
— Sure. Next Sunday.
A. when Mr. Smith left China B. when Mr. Smith will leave China
C. when did Mr. Smith leave China D. when will Mr. Smith leave China
Carl was an old carpenter(木匠). He was known for using wood and other materials to make furniture, even houses. But he was tired of his job. He thought he was too old to work and ready to retire(退休). His boss was 46 to see the good worker go. He asked the carpenter 47 he could build just one more house. The carpenter said yes, 48 his mind was not on his work at all.
He used poor materials and worked on the house 49 . When the carpenter finished his work, the boss 50 the front-door key to him, “This is your house,” he said, “A 51 for you.”
What a 52 ! What a shame! If he had known he was building his 53 house, he would have done it differently. Now he had to live in the house he had poorly built.
54 it is with us. We do many things in an absent minded way, reacting rather than acting, willing to finish them less than the best．Sometimes at important points we do not try our best to build our 55 . Then with a shame we look at the situation we have 56 . We find that we are now living in the house we have poorly built. If we had realized it, we should have done it with our whole heart．But we don’t have a 57 to make it all over again.
Think of 58 as the carpenter. Think about your life. Build it 59 . It is the only life you will ever build because life is a do-it-yourself project.
Your life today is the 60 of your attitudes and choices you made in the past. Your life tomorrow will be that of your attitudes and choices you make today.
46. A. glad B. nervous C. ready D. sorry
47. A. if B. when C. how D. why
48. A. and B. but C. or D. so
49. A. perfectly B. completely C. carelessly D. successfully
50. A. handed B. left C. sold D. threw
51. A. gift B. promise C. choice D. question
52. A. task B. relief C. surprise D. stress
53. A. real B. expensive C. old D. own
54. A. Neither B. So C. Nor D. As
55. A. studies B. lives C. jobs D. feelings
56. A. created B. changed C. discussed D. improved
57. A. plan B. chance C. method D. pleasure
58. A. himself B. herself C. myself D. yourself
59. A. wisely B. peacefully C. rapidly D. widely
60. A. talent B. wealth C. result D. difference
V．补全对话 阅读对话，从每题A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出一个最佳答案完成对话。（5分）
Paul: Hi, Amy. 61 You look worried.
Amy: I have to work with five other classmates on a project.
Paul: Is the project hard for everyone to work on?
Amy: 62 But my group doesn’t work together well.
Paul: So your group is having a problem with teamwork.
Amy: Exactly. And nobody wants to be the team leader. The deadline of our project is coming.
Paul: If your group does not have a leader, then you should be one. You should call everyone together for a meeting.
Amy: 64 I don’t know what to do next.
Paul: You can ask them what they have done so far, as well as finding out what still needs to be done.
Amy: All right. Maybe I can have a try.
Paul: That way you will be sure that the project is done correctly. I believe you’ll be a good leader.
Amy: Thank you for your advice.
Paul: My pleasure. 65
61. A. How’s the weather? B. What’s the matter?
C. Where is your hat? D. What’s this?
62. A. Yes, it is. B. I agree with you.
C. You are right. D. No, it isn’t.
63. A. What should I do? B. When should I start?
C. Where should we meet? D. Who should I talk to?
64. A. I prefer staying at home. B. I used to work as a teacher.
C. I wish you will pass the exam. D. I have no experience as a leader.
65. A. Catch you on Monday. B. Hope things work out.
C. I’m sorry to hear that. D. You don’t need to rush.
Once a week, Neil went grocery shopping. He always made a list, but he always forgot to put one or more things on the list. This used to anger him, but now he just accepted it. You’re not as sharp as you used to be, he told himself.
It was Friday-shopping day. He went to the $99 Store. Sometimes they had a lot of fresh produce, sometimes they didn’t. He got lucky. There were fresh packaged broccoli, carrots, onions, and squash. Also, packages of peaches, plums, and apples. He easily had enough produce to last all week, if it didn’t go bad first. The fruit and vegetables alone filled up four plastic bags. Four other bags contained other items that were on Neil’s list.
He drove to Albertson’s, which sold milk by the gallon(加仑) and at cheaper prices than the $99 Store. Interestingly, the price of milk had got higher in the last month. He used to buy 2 gallons of nonfat milk for $3.59. Now he was paying $4.69. Yet, the news media reports a 2-cent increase in gasoline(汽油) prices. That’s all over the news.
He parked his car in the carport and opened the trunk. He managed, as usual, to put all 10 plastic bags into his hands and take them upstairs.
“What a heavy shopping it is, ” he thought. And then he told himself: if you think it’s too heavy now, wait till you can’t drive. Wait till you can’t even walk up the stairs. How are you going to get your food then? The older you get, he told himself, the more you’d better thank the fact that you can still do all these boring chores and housework.
66. Neil always made ___________ before he went shopping.
A. a list B. a plastic bag C. a car D. a report
67. Neil didn’t buy ___________ at the $99 Store.
A. broccoli B. peaches C. apples D. milk
68. How much did one gallon of nonfat milk cost that day?
A. $3.59. B. $4.69. C. About $2.35. D. About $1.80.
69. How many bags of things did Neil buy?
A. Ten. B. Nine. C. Eight. D. Four.
70. What can we learn from Neil?
A. We should thank what we can still do. B. We should eat enough fruit and vegetables.
C. We all will get old one day. D. Buying cheap things can make us happy.
Like visible light, UV rays are energy waves released by the sun, only they cannot been seen. Some exposure (暴露) to those waves can do a body good. For example, ultraviolet B (UV-B) rays tell human skin to make vitamin D. Too much exposure can be harmful, though. Overexposure to UV rays can cause DNA problems, opening the door for skin cancer. Too much sun can also cause painful sunburns.
There are three different types of UV energy waves. They are UV-A, UV-B and UV-C rays. Each type moves at a different wavelength, with UV-A’s being the longest. Rays of UV-C are considered especially harmful to human beings. Fortunately, we have the ozone (臭氧) layer of the Earth’s atmosphere. It blocks out nearly all of the UV-C rays and most of the UV-B ones.
The moon doesn’t have much of an atmosphere, though. Back on the moon, things are more dangerous. Over the years, astronauts have planted six American flags on the moon. Some scientists think that powerful UV rays could have bleached all the colorful flags white by now. For this reason, the moon is a dangerous place to visit without protection.
You might think that astronauts who visit the moon would come home with terrible sunburns. That didn’t happen to Armstrong and his company. Neil Armstrong was a U.S. astronaut and the first person to walk on the moon. These astronauts all wore special spacesuits on their missions. Spacesuits were made with heavy fabrics that block out UV rays.
When Armstrong set foot on the lunar surface, he was wearing a see-through helmet ( 头盔) with sun shades that were made of ultraviolet-stabilized polycarbonate. It is a very tough plastic that protects astronauts’ faces from UV rays. A weaker material could put the space travelers at risk for “snow blindness” and other problems. Conditions like these arise when UV rays damage parts of the human eyes.
Sunscreen (防晒霜) defends us from the UV rays that do pass through the ozone layer. However, there’s really no need for an astronaut to put on sunscreen. The risk of sunburn goes way down when astronauts are inside a spaceship. Inside the International Space Station (ISS), for example, there is no need for special suits. Astronauts regularly do their work in nothing but common cotton shirts and pants. To protect them from sunburns, the ISS uses UV-blocking windows. So do most space exploration ships.
71.From Paragraph 1, we can know __________.
A. UV-B is harmful to our body B. vitamin D is good for our body
C. UV rays cause DNA problems D. skin cancer is caused by the sun
72. The underlined word “bleach” in Paragraph 3 most probably means “___________”.
A. 漂白 B. 伤害 C. 刺穿 D. 吹拂
73. Armstrong didn’t get bad sunburns mainly because ___________.
A.there was no UV-C ray on the moon
B.the moon had an ozone layer like the earth
C.he wore a special spacesuit and helmet
D.he put on enough special sunscreen
74.According to the last paragraph, we can learn ___________.
A.sunscreen plays a great role in protecting astronauts in space
B.astronauts have to do their work in special suits in the ISS
C.UV-blocking windows are regularly used on spaceships
D.the risk of sunburns increases when astronauts are in space
75.What’s the writer’s purpose of writing the passage?
A.To show how astronauts are protected from UV rays.
B.To introduce the first human who walked on the moon.
C.To describe the new technology used in space.
D.To show how we protect ourselves from sunburns.
Would you be able to go through a whole day without using a light bulb? Most people probably wouldn’t. Today, almost every building uses light bulbs as their main light source. Although we use them daily without much thought, light bulbs were once a costly and the newest technology. A lot of people’s hard work led to the light bulb’s invention, which has impacted our lives greatly.
The first light bulbs were glass containers that release light when an electric current heated a part inside called a filament(灯丝). Electric light bulbs are also known as incandescent(白炽的) light bulbs. These days, we use energy-saving bulbs that are better for the environment. Nick Holonyak, Jr., an American engineer, invented the first light-emitting diode light (LED) in 1962. An LED light bulb uses one-third the electricity as an incandescent light and lasts far longer.
In 1802, a British scientist named Humphry Davy created the first electric light. Then, in 1835, other British scientists created the first constant stream of electric light, although the light didn’t shine very long. In the following decades, scientists experimented with light bulb filaments made of different types of materials, hoping to create a longer stream of electric light. In I860, Joseph Swan found a material that produced a good light, but it burned out quickly. By this time, none of the light bulbs created were ready to be sold to the public for everyday use. Then, in 1878, Thomas Edison made more progress. He spent a lot of time researching what previous scientists had done. He and his team spent years experimenting with light bulb filaments. They eventually created the first light bulb that could release constant electric light for 1,200 hours. Edison immediately patented(取得专利) his light bulb design so that light bulbs could be produced and sold.
Light bulbs were safer and more convenient to use than oil lamps and candles. Increased use of light bulbs resulted in people being able to have a longer work day, so the average work day increased. Light bulbs also led to changes in building designs. Architects created windowless buildings, and lights could be placed in elevators and other new places.
76.From Paragraph 1, we can learn that light bulbs were __________ in the past.
A. common B. expensive C. hard D. great
77. According to the passage, which one invented the first electric light bulbs?
A. Nick Holonyak. B. Humphry Davy. C. Joseph Swan. D. Thomas Edison.
78. According to the passage, what was the main problem in improving light bulbs?
A. There was not enough money and engineering support.
B. There were no materials that could be used to save power.
C. Scientists from different countries couldn’t work together.
D. It was hard to find a filament material that shone long.
79. According to the passage, which of the following statements is TRUE?
A. Light bulbs were as convenient as candles and oil lamps.
B. Edison made it possible to sell light bulbs to the public.
C. LED can save more power and make people’s work time longer.
D. Light bulbs make people stay in windowless rooms on work days.
80. Which of the following would be the best title of the passage?
A. The invention we depend on. B. The great inventors.
C. The history of science and technology. D. What changes building designs?
in one value lazy know
China and Western countries may have different cultures about certain animals. But when it comes to pigs, we all nod in agreement that pigs are ugly, (81) _________ and stupid.
However, the truth is that pigs do have some finer qualities. And there’s probably no better time to clear their names than now, with the Year of the Pig in China. Science has proved that pigs aren’t stupid at all. They have good long-term memories. And they (82)_________ the difference between those who treat them well and those who don’t. Also, there are cute pig characters (83)_________ cartoons too. Peppa Pig, for example, is now (84)_________of the most popular cartoons in the world. The four members of the cartoon’s pig family teach children about love, friendship, and the (85)_________ of family.
take use share steal change
As an exchange student, I have lived in China over the years. China (86)_________ a lot in the years since I first moved here. One major development has been the wide use of cashless payment （无现金支付）. China is hardly the first country to have cashless payment. I (87)_________ a debit card (借记卡) to pay for things without cash for years in the US. But now I use my phone here instead, it’s very easy and convenient. One of the things I like most is that I can send and receive money directly among my friends. Cashless payment makes it so much easier (88)_________ the bill when we eat out together. And I can make donations simply as well. For example, I often give away money to Animal Helpers by using its QR code(二维码).
But cashless payment has some problems as well. What will happen if your phone (89)_________? There are also times when your phone’s mobile internet connection might not work. So even though cashless payments are convenient, I (90)_________ a bit of cash with me in order not to meet any possible trouble.
91. Mike wrote some letters to his pen friend last month. (改为一般疑问句)
____________Mike ____________any letters to his pen friend last month?
92. Lucy practices playing volleyball after class every day. (就句子画线部分提问)
____________ ____________ does Lucy practice playing volleyball after class?
93. “Do you study traditional Chinese medicine in the university?” Mr. Brown asked me.
Mr. Brown asked me ____________I ____________ traditional Chinese medicine in the university.
94. As young adults, we should accept the result we make instead of letting our parents worry about us. (改写句子，句意不变)
As young adults, we should be ____________ ____________ ourselves rather than increase our parents’ worries.
95. Li hua overcame the fear of taking tests with the help and kindness of his teacher Ms. Li. (改写句子，句意不变)
The fear of taking tests ____________ ____________ with the help and kindness of his teacher Ms. Li.
You can ____________ your teacher ____________ good ways to improve your writing.
My grandfather likes to ____________ ____________ after meals.
The ____________ has been given to the scientist who has a great ____________ in improving human’s food safety.
Everyone should ____________ using open fire in the mountains because it may cause a fire and be ____________ to people’s life safety.
I could never ____________ how ____________ the progress humans have made until I visited the science museum.
101.___________________________There are ice hotels in Sweden, Canada, Finland, Norway, and Romania. Ice hotels have existed for only forty years, yet they are very popular tourist destinations. With their great beauty and all they have to offer, one can’t help but view these icy buildings as symbols. They are symbols of what modern travelers value.
Dependability and Comfort
Ice hotels are made of ice, snow, and “snice,” a material that has characteristics of both snow and ice. The hotels are built at the start of winter. Snice keeps the ice houses insulated (隔热的) so well that they can be used as hotels for at least 3-4 months. The hallways, walls, ceilings, tables, doors, and beds are made of ice. 102.___________________________Of course, they have comfortable bathrooms.
Beauty and Innovation
103.___________________________Many hotels with great art styles are created. The hotels offer a range of rooms and suites(套房). The hotel in Sweden has Art Suites. These are hand-carved rooms with detailed ice sculptures, tables, and doors. 104. _________________________They are worth paying so much. Archways and hallways of the suites are lit up with colorful lights, creating a dreamy effect. Even the outside of the hotel looks icy and magical. Technology plays a role in making the hotel look edgy and modern each year.
Adventure, Entertainment, and Variety
105.___________________________They reach below-freezing temperatures. They can travel through ice mazes, slip on ice slides, take ice sculpting courses, go on hikes, and so much more.
A. The hotel only offers Art Suites at the beginning of the winter.
B. The beds have added comfort from pillows, quilts, and sleeping bags that the hotels provide.
C. The Art Suites are among the most expensive rooms at the ice hotel.
D. Have you ever thought about staying in an ice hotel?
E. You won’t feel cold while staying in the icy rooms.
F. Many artists join the ice hotel building teams each winter.
G. When visiting an ice hotel, guests have a chance to sleep in the very cold rooms.
下图描述了李明和家人去年五一假期（May Day Holiday）外出旅游的经历。请根据图片提示，用英语写一篇 100 词左右的短文。