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2019年济南市历下区中考英语二模试题(含答案)

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历下区2019年初三年级学业水平第二次模拟考试

英 语 试 题

本试题共10页,分选择题部分和非选择题部分,考试用时共120分钟。

答题前,请考生务必将自己的姓名、座号、准考证号写在答题卡的规定位置,并同时将考点、姓名、准考证号、座号填写在试卷规定位置。

答题时,选择题部分每小题选出答案后,用2B铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑;如需改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案标号。非选择题部分,用0.5毫米黑色签字笔在答题卡上题号所提示的答题区域作答。直接在试题上作答无效。

考试结束后,将本试题和答题卡一并交回。

选择题部分  共105分

I.听力测试(30分)

A)听录音,在每组句子中选出一个你所听到的句子。每个句子听一遍。(7.5分)

1. A. That is her schoolbag.  B. This is my friend.    C. Those are my brothers.

2. A. Is your father tall?    B. Do you have a baseball? C. Can you play the piano?

3. A. I didn’t water the plants. B. They don’t like carrots.  C. She isn’t watching TV.

4. A. Where are koalas from? B. What does he look like? C. When is your music class?

5. A. Let’s join the sports club. B. Have a good day at school. C. Keep quiet in the library.

B)听录音,从每题A、B、C三幅图画中选出与听到的对话内容相符的一项。每段对话听两遍。(7.5分)

 

10. A.      B.    C.  

C)在录音中,你将听到一段对话及五个问题。请根据对话内容及问题选择正确答案。对话及问题听两遍。(7.5分)

11. A. Jinan Zoo. B. Jiuru Mountain. C. Baotu Spring.

12. A. Some workers. B. Some classmates. C. Some farmers.

13. A. Windy and cold.    B. Sunny and warm. C. Cloudy and dry.  

14. A. At 5:00 a.m. B. At 5:30 a.m. C. At 8:30 a.m.

15. A. He cooked meals. B. He drank milk tea. C. He read books.

D)在录音中,你将听到一篇短文及五个问题。请根据短文内容及问题选择正确答案。短文及问题听两遍。(7.5分)

16. A. On Friday.  B. On Saturday.  C. On Sunday.

17. A. Outgoing. B. Serious. C. Careless.

18. A. By teaching tourists. B. By fishing alone. C. By helping Jack.

19. A. One. B. Two. C. Three.

20. A. Happy. B. Thankful. C. Upset.

II.读音选词  根据所给句意和音标,从每题A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出一个最佳答案。(5分)

21. A ________ /? i:p/ is eating grass in the filed. 

A. ship B. sheep C. shop D. shape

22. Both of my parents ________ /w?:k/ in a bank.

A. walk  B. week C. work D. weak

23. Life is ________ /f?l/ of happiness and pain. You never know what will happen next.

A. fall B. fill        C. feel    D. full

24. I made a ________ /m??ste?k/ yesterday. Mrs Black talked about it with me patiently. 

A. mistake    B. meter        C. minute  D. matter

25. Lucy got plenty of pocket money during Spring Festival, so she can ________ /??f?:d/ the bike.

A. avoid  B. attend C. afford  D. around

III.选择填空  从每题A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出一个最佳答案。(20分)

26. —Tom, there will be a heavy rain this afternoon.

— I know, Mum. I will take ________ umbrella.

A.a B. an C. the D. / 

27. —Ellen, I picked up a white pen under your chair. Is this yours?

  — Oh, yes. It’s ________. Thank you, Lisa. 

A.she B. his             C. mine            D. your

28. — The song My country and I is getting ________ again in China.

   — Yes. Many people like to sing this song to show their pride of being Chinese.

A.available B. careful          C. popular          D. different

29. — Do you have any good eating habits, Kate? 

   — Of course. I eat a lot of ________, such as onions, carrots and cabbages.

A.fruit B. eggs            C. meat            D. vegetables

30. — ________ you able to see the sea from this window? 

   — Yes, it’s peaceful. Some people are swimming in the sea.

A.Do B. Are             C. Will            D. Have

31. — Excuse me, where is the nearest bookstore around here? 

   — Just go along Center Street and turn left. Xinhua bookstore is ________ your right.

A.in B. on C. at D. to

32. — ________ do you celebrate your father’s birthday? 

  — We usually have a big meal and buy a nice gift for him.

A.Why B. What           C. Where           D. How 

33.Many college students go to West China to help local people, ________ they may find a          good job in big cities.

A.because B. if              C. although         D. after   

34. — I have already read six English books. How about you, Bill?

  — Only two. You read ________ books than me. 

A.less B. least            C. more            D. most

35. — There is something wrong with my computer. ________ you help me fix it up?

  — No problem.

A.Could B. Must C. Should D. May

36. — Look, Cindy. The flowers in our classroom come out in one night. 

   — I can’t believe it. They are beautiful and colorful. They ________ great.

A.sound B. feel            C. taste            D. smell

37. — ________ the rubbish into the litter bin, Peter!

  — OK, Miss White.

A.Puts B. Putting          C. Put             D. To put

38. — David, do you plan to watch talk shows or sports shows tonight?    

  — ________. I want to know if Houston Rockets can win the basketball final. 

A.Yes, I do B. Talk shows       C. No, I don’t       D. Sports shows

39. — I’m afraid I can’t do well in the sports meeting. I might let my classmates down.

   — ________. You don’t need to push yourself too hard.

A.It’s a pleasure B. What a pity       C. Take it easy      D. You’re welcome

40. — What a nice handbag you have!

   — Thanks. Susan made it. She ________ old clothes to make handbags since 5 years ago.

A. recycles           B. recycled           C. will recycle       D. has recycled

41.Which of the following is the traditional food people usually have on Dragon Boat Festival? 

   



A.                B.                 C.                D.  

42. —When do you leave home for school?

  — At 6:00. I ________ very early because I live far away from school.  

A.take off B. set out           C. put off          D. hang out

43. — ________ sings songs loudly every night in our community when we sleep.

   — That’s so strange. You’d better find out who does it.

A.Everyone B. No one          C. Someone        D. Anyone

44. — Erin, you manage to lose your weight in such a short time. 

   — Well, I have ________ for three weeks to meet the health standard.

A.joined a sports club B. got training      

C. started running       D. kept exercising

45. —Alice, could you tell me ________?

   — Sure. Next Sunday. 

A. when Mr. Smith left China B. when Mr. Smith will leave China

C. when did Mr. Smith leave China D. when will Mr. Smith leave China

IV.完形填空  阅读短文,从每题A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出一个能填入文章中相应空白处的最佳答案。(15分)

Carl was an old carpenter(木匠). He was known for using wood and other materials to make furniture, even houses. But he was tired of his job. He thought he was too old to work and ready to retire(退休). His boss was    46   to see the good worker go. He asked the carpenter    47   he could build just one more house. The carpenter said yes,    48   his mind was not on his work at all. 

    He used poor materials and worked on the house    49   . When the carpenter finished his work, the boss    50   the front-door key to him, “This is your house,” he said, “A    51   for you.” 

    What a    52   ! What a shame! If he had known he was building his    53   house, he would have done it differently. Now he had to live in the house he had poorly built. 

       54   it is with us. We do many things in an absent minded way, reacting rather than acting, willing to finish them less than the best.Sometimes at important points we do not try our best to build our    55   . Then with a shame we look at the situation we have    56    . We find that we are now living in the house we have poorly built. If we had realized it, we should have done it with our whole heart.But we don’t have a    57   to make it all over again. 

    Think of    58    as the carpenter. Think about your life. Build it    59   . It is the only life you will ever build because life is a do-it-yourself project.

    Your life today is the    60   of your attitudes and choices you made in the past. Your life tomorrow will be that of your attitudes and choices you make today.

46. A. glad B. nervous C. ready D. sorry 

47. A. if B. when C. how D. why 

48. A. and B. but C. or D. so 

49. A. perfectly B. completely C. carelessly D. successfully 

50. A. handed B. left C. sold D. threw 

51. A. gift B. promise C. choice D. question 

52. A. task B. relief C. surprise D. stress 

53. A. real B. expensive C. old D. own 

54. A. Neither B. So C. Nor D. As 

55. A. studies B. lives C. jobs D. feelings 

56. A. created B. changed C. discussed D. improved

57. A. plan B. chance C. method D. pleasure 

58. A. himself B. herself C. myself D. yourself 

59. A. wisely B. peacefully C. rapidly D. widely 

60. A. talent B. wealth C. result D. difference

V.补全对话  阅读对话,从每题A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出一个最佳答案完成对话。(5分)

Paul: Hi, Amy.    61     You look worried.

Amy: I have to work with five other classmates on a project.

Paul: Is the project hard for everyone to work on?

Amy:    62     But my group doesn’t work together well.

Paul: So your group is having a problem with teamwork.

Amy: Exactly. And nobody wants to be the team leader. The deadline of our project is coming.

      63     

Paul: If your group does not have a leader, then you should be one. You should call everyone together for a meeting.

Amy:    64    I don’t know what to do next.

Paul: You can ask them what they have done so far, as well as finding out what still needs to be done.

Amy: All right. Maybe I can have a try.

Paul: That way you will be sure that the project is done correctly. I believe you’ll be a good leader.

Amy: Thank you for your advice.

Paul: My pleasure.     65    

61. A. How’s the weather? B. What’s the matter?

C. Where is your hat? D. What’s this?

62. A. Yes, it is.    B. I agree with you.

   C. You are right. D. No, it isn’t.

63. A. What should I do? B. When should I start?

   C. Where should we meet? D. Who should I talk to?

64. A. I prefer staying at home.          B. I used to work as a teacher.

   C. I wish you will pass the exam. D. I have no experience as a leader.

65. A. Catch you on Monday. B. Hope things work out.

   C. I’m sorry to hear that. D. You don’t need to rush.

VI.阅读理解  阅读下列短文,从每题A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出一个能回答所提问题或完成所给句子的最佳答案。(30分)

A

Once a week, Neil went grocery shopping. He always made a list, but he always forgot to put one or more things on the list. This used to anger him, but now he just accepted it. You’re not as sharp as you used to be, he told himself. 

It was Friday-shopping day. He went to the $99 Store. Sometimes they had a lot of fresh produce, sometimes they didn’t. He got lucky. There were fresh packaged broccoli, carrots, onions, and squash. Also, packages of peaches, plums, and apples. He easily had enough produce to last all week, if it didn’t go bad first. The fruit and vegetables alone filled up four plastic bags. Four other bags contained other items that were on Neil’s list.

He drove to Albertson’s, which sold milk by the gallon(加仑) and at cheaper prices than the $99 Store. Interestingly, the price of milk had got higher in the last month. He used to buy 2 gallons of nonfat milk for $3.59. Now he was paying $4.69. Yet, the news media reports a 2-cent increase in gasoline(汽油) prices. That’s all over the news.

He parked his car in the carport and opened the trunk. He managed, as usual, to put all 10 plastic bags into his hands and take them upstairs.

“What a heavy shopping it is, ” he thought. And then he told himself: if you think it’s too heavy now, wait till you can’t drive. Wait till you can’t even walk up the stairs. How are you going to get your food then? The older you get, he told himself, the more you’d better thank the fact that you can still do all these boring chores and housework.

66. Neil always made ___________ before he went shopping.

A. a list  B. a plastic bag C. a car D. a report

67. Neil didn’t buy ___________ at the $99 Store.

A. broccoli B. peaches C. apples D. milk

68. How much did one gallon of nonfat milk cost that day? 

A. $3.59. B. $4.69.  C. About $2.35.    D. About $1.80.

69. How many bags of things did Neil buy?  

A. Ten.    B. Nine. C. Eight.        D. Four.

70. What can we learn from Neil?  

   A. We should thank what we can still do. B. We should eat enough fruit and vegetables.

C. We all will get old one day. D. Buying cheap things can make us happy.

B

Like visible light, UV rays are energy waves released by the sun, only they cannot been seen. Some exposure (暴露) to those waves can do a body good. For example, ultraviolet B (UV-B) rays tell human skin to make vitamin D. Too much exposure can be harmful, though. Overexposure to UV rays can cause DNA problems, opening the door for skin cancer. Too much sun can also cause painful sunburns.

There are three different types of UV energy waves. They are UV-A, UV-B and UV-C rays. Each type moves at a different wavelength, with UV-A’s being the longest. Rays of UV-C are considered especially harmful to human beings. Fortunately, we have the ozone (臭氧) layer of the Earth’s atmosphere. It blocks out nearly all of the UV-C rays and most of the UV-B ones.

The moon doesn’t have much of an atmosphere, though. Back on the moon, things are more dangerous. Over the years, astronauts have planted six American flags on the moon. Some scientists think that powerful UV rays could have bleached all the colorful flags white by now. For this reason, the moon is a dangerous place to visit without protection. 

You might think that astronauts who visit the moon would come home with terrible sunburns. That didn’t happen to Armstrong and his company. Neil Armstrong was a U.S. astronaut and the first person to walk on the moon. These astronauts all wore special spacesuits on their missions. Spacesuits were made with heavy fabrics that block out UV rays.

When Armstrong set foot on the lunar surface, he was wearing a see-through helmet ( 头盔) with sun shades that were made of ultraviolet-stabilized polycarbonate. It is a very tough plastic that protects astronauts’ faces from UV rays. A weaker material could put the space travelers at risk for “snow blindness” and other problems. Conditions like these arise when UV rays damage parts of the human eyes.

Sunscreen (防晒霜) defends us from the UV rays that do pass through the ozone layer. However, there’s really no need for an astronaut to put on sunscreen. The risk of sunburn goes way down when astronauts are inside a spaceship. Inside the International Space Station (ISS), for example, there is no need for special suits. Astronauts regularly do their work in nothing but common cotton shirts and pants. To protect them from sunburns, the ISS uses UV-blocking windows. So do most space exploration ships.

71.From Paragraph 1, we can know __________. 

A. UV-B is harmful to our body         B. vitamin D is good for our body

C. UV rays cause DNA problems        D. skin cancer is caused by the sun

72. The underlined word “bleach” in Paragraph 3 most probably means “___________”.

A. 漂白          B. 伤害          C. 刺穿          D. 吹拂

73. Armstrong didn’t get bad sunburns mainly because ___________.  

A.there was no UV-C ray on the moon 

B.the moon had an ozone layer like the earth

C.he wore a special spacesuit and helmet 

D.he put on enough special sunscreen 

74.According to the last paragraph, we can learn ___________. 

A.sunscreen plays a great role in protecting astronauts in space 

B.astronauts have to do their work in special suits in the ISS 

C.UV-blocking windows are regularly used on spaceships 

D.the risk of sunburns increases when astronauts are in space 

75.What’s the writer’s purpose of writing the passage?

A.To show how astronauts are protected from UV rays. 

B.To introduce the first human who walked on the moon.

C.To describe the new technology used in space. 

D.To show how we protect ourselves from sunburns.  

C

Would you be able to go through a whole day without using a light bulb? Most people probably wouldn’t. Today, almost every building uses light bulbs as their main light source. Although we use them daily without much thought, light bulbs were once a costly and the newest technology. A lot of people’s hard work led to the light bulb’s invention, which has impacted our lives greatly.

The first light bulbs were glass containers that release light when an electric current heated a part inside called a filament(灯丝). Electric light bulbs are also known as incandescent(白炽的) light bulbs. These days, we use energy-saving bulbs that are better for the environment. Nick Holonyak, Jr., an American engineer, invented the first light-emitting diode light (LED) in 1962. An LED light bulb uses one-third the electricity as an incandescent light and lasts far longer.

In 1802, a British scientist named Humphry Davy created the first electric light. Then, in 1835, other British scientists created the first constant stream of electric light, although the light didn’t shine very long. In the following decades, scientists experimented with light bulb filaments made of different types of materials, hoping to create a longer stream of electric light. In I860, Joseph Swan found a material that produced a good light, but it burned out quickly. By this time, none of the light bulbs created were ready to be sold to the public for everyday use. Then, in 1878, Thomas Edison made more progress. He spent a lot of time researching what previous scientists had done. He and his team spent years experimenting with light bulb filaments. They eventually created the first light bulb that could release constant electric light for 1,200 hours. Edison immediately patented(取得专利) his light bulb design so that light bulbs could be produced and sold.

Light bulbs were safer and more convenient to use than oil lamps and candles. Increased use of light bulbs resulted in people being able to have a longer work day, so the average work day increased. Light bulbs also led to changes in building designs. Architects created windowless buildings, and lights could be placed in elevators and other new places.

76.From Paragraph 1, we can learn that light bulbs were __________ in the past.

   A. common            B. expensive          C. hard               D. great 

77. According to the passage, which one invented the first electric light bulbs?   

   A. Nick Holonyak.      B. Humphry Davy.     C. Joseph Swan.        D. Thomas Edison.

78. According to the passage, what was the main problem in improving light bulbs?

   A. There was not enough money and engineering support.

   B. There were no materials that could be used to save power.

   C. Scientists from different countries couldn’t work together.     

   D. It was hard to find a filament material that shone long.

79. According to the passage, which of the following statements is TRUE?

   A. Light bulbs were as convenient as candles and oil lamps.

   B. Edison made it possible to sell light bulbs to the public. 

   C. LED can save more power and make people’s work time longer.

   D. Light bulbs make people stay in windowless rooms on work days.   

80. Which of the following would be the best title of the passage?

   A. The invention we depend on.  B. The great inventors.

   C. The history of science and technology.      D. What changes building designs?

非选择题部分  共45分

VII.选词填空(10分)

A.阅读短文,从方框中选择适当的单词填空 (每词限用一次)。

in       one      value      lazy     know

China and Western countries may have different cultures about certain animals. But when it comes to pigs, we all nod in agreement that pigs are ugly, (81)  _________ and stupid. 

However, the truth is that pigs do have some finer qualities. And there’s probably no better time to clear their names than now, with the Year of the Pig in China. Science has proved that pigs aren’t stupid at all. They have good long-term memories. And they (82)_________ the difference between those who treat them well and those who don’t. Also, there are cute pig characters (83)_________ cartoons too. Peppa Pig, for example, is now (84)_________of the most popular cartoons in the world. The four members of the cartoon’s pig family teach children about love, friendship, and the (85)_________ of family.

B. 阅读短文,从方框中选择适当的动词,并用其适当形式填空。有的需要加助动词或不定式

符号(每词限用一次)。

take     use      share     steal       change



As an exchange student, I have lived in China over the years. China (86)_________ a lot in the years since I first moved here. One major development has been the wide use of cashless payment (无现金支付). China is hardly the first country to have cashless payment. I (87)_________ a debit card (借记卡) to pay for things without cash for years in the US. But now I use my phone here instead, it’s very easy and convenient. One of the things I like most is that I can send and receive money directly among my friends. Cashless payment makes it so much easier (88)_________ the bill when we eat out together. And I can make donations simply as well. For example, I often give away money to Animal Helpers by using its QR code(二维码).

But cashless payment has some problems as well. What will happen if your phone (89)_________? There are also times when your phone’s mobile internet connection might not work. So even though cashless payments are convenient, I (90)_________ a bit of cash with me in order not to meet any possible trouble.

VIII.改写句子  按括号中的要求完成句子,每个空格填一个单词。(5分)

91. Mike wrote some letters to his pen friend last month.  (改为一般疑问句)  

____________Mike ____________any letters to his pen friend last month?

92. Lucy practices playing volleyball after class every day. (就句子画线部分提问)

   ____________  ____________ does Lucy practice playing volleyball after class?

93. “Do you study traditional Chinese medicine in the university?” Mr. Brown asked me. 

(改写句子,句意不变)

Mr. Brown asked me ____________I ____________ traditional Chinese medicine in the university.

94. As young adults, we should accept the result we make instead of letting our parents worry about us. (改写句子,句意不变)

   As young adults, we should be ____________  ____________ ourselves rather than increase our parents’ worries.

95. Li hua overcame the fear of taking tests with the help and kindness of his teacher Ms. Li. (改写句子,句意不变)

     The fear of taking tests ____________  ____________ with the help and kindness of his teacher Ms. Li.

IX.完成句子  根据汉语意思完成英语句子,每个空格填一个单词。(5分)

96. 你可以向老师寻求提高写作的好方法。

    You can ____________ your teacher ____________ good ways to improve your writing.   

97. 我爷爷喜欢饭后喝茶。

    My grandfather likes to ____________  ____________ after meals.

98. 这个奖项被授予了这位在提升人类食品安全水平方面有突出成就的科学家。

The ____________ has been given to the scientist who has a great ____________ in improving human’s food safety. 

99. 大家应该避免在山里使用明火,因为它会引发火灾,危害人们的生命安全。

Everyone should ____________ using open fire in the mountains because it may cause a fire and be ____________ to people’s life safety.

100. 如果我不去参观科技博物馆,我永远无法想象人类所取得的进步多么令人难以置信。

    I could never ____________ how ____________ the progress humans have made until I visited the science museum.

X.阅读理解七选五  根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。(5分)  

101.___________________________There are ice hotels in Sweden, Canada, Finland, Norway, and Romania. Ice hotels have existed for only forty years, yet they are very popular tourist destinations. With their great beauty and all they have to offer, one can’t help but view these icy buildings as symbols. They are symbols of what modern travelers value.

Dependability and Comfort

Ice hotels are made of ice, snow, and “snice,” a material that has characteristics of both snow and ice. The hotels are built at the start of winter. Snice keeps the ice houses insulated (隔热的) so well that they can be used as hotels for at least 3-4 months. The hallways, walls, ceilings, tables, doors, and beds are made of ice. 102.___________________________Of course, they have comfortable bathrooms.

Beauty and Innovation

103.___________________________Many hotels with great art styles are created. The hotels offer a range of rooms and suites(套房). The hotel in Sweden has Art Suites. These are hand-carved rooms with detailed ice sculptures, tables, and doors. 104. _________________________They are worth paying so much. Archways and hallways of the suites are lit up with colorful lights, creating a dreamy effect. Even the outside of the hotel looks icy and magical. Technology plays a role in making the hotel look edgy and modern each year.

Adventure, Entertainment, and Variety

105.___________________________They reach below-freezing temperatures. They can travel through ice mazes, slip on ice slides, take ice sculpting courses, go on hikes, and so much more.

A. The hotel only offers Art Suites at the beginning of the winter.

B. The beds have added comfort from pillows, quilts, and sleeping bags that the hotels provide.

C. The Art Suites are among the most expensive rooms at the ice hotel.

D. Have you ever thought about staying in an ice hotel? 

E. You won’t feel cold while staying in the icy rooms.  

F. Many artists join the ice hotel building teams each winter.

G. When visiting an ice hotel, guests have a chance to sleep in the very cold rooms.


XI.书面表达(20分)

下图描述了李明和家人去年五一假期(May Day Holiday)外出旅游的经历。请根据图片提示,用英语写一篇 100 词左右的短文。

要求:1. 完整叙述图片内容,可适当发挥;

2. 结合自己的实际情况陈述个人观点或给出建议。 


相关标签: 中考英语二模试题
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