2019中考英语必备习题精编专题--短文填空(带解析共7套)

时间:2019-03-14 作者: 试题来源:网络

2019中考英语必备习题精编专题--短文填空(带解析共7套)

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B. (2018•广西柳州)选词填空  根据短文内容,从方框中选择恰当的单词完成句子,并填写在答题卡对应的横线上,部分单词在填入前需要进行词形转换,每个单词只能用一次,每空只能填一词。


   There is an old saying,”Laughter is the best medicine.” Now people are using laughter to   81   their health all around the world. In some countries special centers for treating   82   with  laughter have been set up and become popular. In 2003,a study showed that laughing helped the sick get better   83   than the usual treating ways. It made them relax, and   84   was  helpful for their general health. Laughing helps us feel happier. And   85   say five minutes of laughter is as good for you as fifteen minutes in the sports hall. It also give the body exercise.
81.improve【解析】根据上下文语境,现在人们正使用笑声来“提高”人们的健康。
82.illness【解析】考查名词。special centres for treating illness 治疗疾病的特殊中心。
83.fast【解析】考查副词。get better fast than the usual treating ways.笑声的治疗比普通的治疗方式能让病人恢复的更快。
84.this【解析】考查指示代词做主语。笑声对人的整体健康是有帮助作用的。
85.doctors【解析】考查名词。根据后面的谓语动词say判断填写doctors。
(2018•四川广安)第二节 根据短文内容用方框内所给单词的正确形式填空,每空一词, 每词一次,并将答案写在答题卡上相应的位置。
  so  decide  do  leave  proud  happy  advise  trouble  after  go     Li Wen is a 16-year-old boy. He works hard and    71   well in school. It is hard to believe
  that he had much   72    in school. His parents moved to the city to look for jobs,     73   
they couldn't be at home to look    74    him. From then on, he became less interested in
     75    to school and missed classes. Then his parents made a     76   to send him to a
boarding school.  He was shy and had no friends. Life there was difficult for him. One day he
told his teacher he wanted to    77     the school. His teacher called his parents and   78   
them to come back and talk with their son in person. Then his parents came back and had a talk
with him. This communication changed his life. He realized that his parents would always love
 him and they would be    79    of everything good that he did. Now he is much    80    
and more outgoing than he used to be.

体裁记叙文话题人际关系词数164【主旨大意】本篇文章介绍了李文的之前由于父母进城找工作无人照看他,造成厌学,后来父母跟他的一次谈话,改变了他。
71 does 【解析】他学习努力并且在学校里做的很好。做的很好 do well in 前面是works,and连接两个成分相同的词,故是does。
72.trouble 【解析】很难相信在学校里他有很多的________.根据后面父母进城打工,使他变得孤独,所以推断在学校里遇到很多困难。
73.so【解析】由“父母进城找工作,他们不能在家里照看他”可知两个句子是因果关系,故用so。
74.after 【解析】父母都进城打工,肯定是无人照看他。表示“照看”,用look after
75.going【解析】 从此之后,他变得不再对上学感兴趣,并且逃课。表示“上学”用go to school。介词in后跟动词的-ing形式,故填going。
76.decision【解析】句意:因此,他的父母做出决定,把他送到寄宿学校,表示“做了决定”,make a decision.
77.leave【解析】根据前一句“学校生活对他来说太艰难了”,故推断句意为:有一天他告诉老师他想离开学校。表示“离开”学校,用动词leave。
78. advised【解析】由上文His teacher called his parents可知,老师打电话给他的父母,目的是建议亲自和他谈谈。advise sb. to do sth.意为“建议某人做某事”。由句中的动词called可知要用一般过去时advised。
79.proud 【解析】他的父母是爱他的,并且为他所做的每一件好事感到骄傲。表示“为……感到骄傲”要用be proud of。
80.happier 【解析】句意:现在他比以前更加快乐和外向。副词much修饰形容词或副词的比较级,故用给定词happy的比较级happier,意为“更快乐”。

VI. 短文填空:用方框中所给单词的适当形式填空,使短文完整正确。(每个单词限用一次。每空只填一个单词。)(共10小题,计10分)(2018•陕西)
he, happy, baby, save, arm, volunteer, clean, quick, work, turnWang Ping is a cleaner. He has 61. _________ in a park for 5 years. He is also a good father. Nothing can make him 62. _______ than playing with his little daughter in his free time.
Last Tuesday afternoon, while he was 63. __________ the park, suddenly, he heard a woman crying for help. He ran up 64. _______ to see what happened. The woman’s 15-month-old baby girl choked ( 窒息) on a small piece of pear and her face 65. _______ purple. The baby was too young to save herself, and the mother was so nervous that she didn’t know how to save her daughter properly. Luckily, Wang Ping knew what to do. He took the baby in his 66. ____ without thinking twice. With the mother’s help, Wang Ping held the baby upside down and gave her a few pats(轻拍) on the back. After a short while, he succeeded in getting the piece of pear out of her mouth and the baby began to cry. Her mom was so thankful because her daughter was 67. ___________.
    Wang Ping tried his best and saved the 68. ________ life. In his mind, helping others is just helping 69. _____. He hoped more people could 70. ________ to help the people in need if possible.
体裁记叙文话题意外发生的故事词数220【短文大意】文章讲述了一个清洁工乐于助人的故事。在公园里一个女婴因一小块梨而窒息,妈妈不知所措,正在工作的王平主动帮忙,女婴得救了,妈妈很感激。他认为帮别人就是帮自己。他希望更多的人如果可能的话都能主动帮助需要的人们。
61. worked 根据上句“王平是一个清洁工”可推知这句话表达“他在公园已经工作5年了”。故选动词work。而且根据句中的时间状语for 5 years可知这句话应该运用现在完成时态,结构为:has+动词的过去分词,故横线处用work的过去分词形式。
62. happier  根据上句“他是一个好爸爸”可知这句话表达“在他的空闲时间没有什么比和她的小女儿玩使他更高兴的事了”。故选形容词happy,因横线后面有than,故填其比较级形式。
63. cleaning  根据上文“王平是一个清洁工”可知这句话表达“上个周二下午,当他正打扫公园的时候,突然,他听到一个妇女喊救命”。故选动词clean,故这句话运用过去进行时态。前面有了was,故空白处填clean的现在分词形式。
64. quickly  根据上句“他听见妇女喊救命了”可推知他要快速跑过去看发生了什么。故选quick,因空白处所填词修饰动词ran,故用其副词形式。
65. turned  根据前半句“一个小女孩因一小块梨窒息”可推知脸也变紫了。turn表示“变得”的时候,后面接颜色名词,故选动词turn。又因这是讲述上个周二发生的事情,故运用其过去式形式。
66. arm/arms  根据上文“婴儿太小不会自救。妈妈如此紧张不知所措。王平知道怎么做”可知推知他要救这个小孩,不假思索地就用胳膊抱起孩子。因横线前面是his,故选名词arm,用单复数均可。
67. saved  根据前半句“妈妈是如此感激”可推知她的女儿得救了,故选动词save。因主语是her daughter,是被救的对象,故运用被动语态,故横线处填save的过去分词形式。
68. baby’s  根据上文可知王平尽力了并且拯救了小女婴的生命,横线处表达“婴儿的,女孩的”。故选名词baby,填其名词所有格形式。
69. himself  根据上文王平乐于助人的故事,可知这句话表达“在他脑海里,帮助别人就是帮助他自己”,故选代词he,而且填其反身代词形式。
70. volunteer  根据上文可知王平希望更多的人如果可能的话都能主动帮助需要的人们。短语volunteer to do sth.意为“自愿做某事”,could是情态动词,后面接动词原形。
(2018•青海) B. 用方框中所给词语的适当形式填空,使短文完整、通顺。(每空一词)(每空1分,共5分)
well  sleep  rest  minute   increaseMany students aren’t getting enough sleep at night, which means they end up feeling   51   during class. Taking a nap (午睡) during the day may be a solution.
According to Forbes, a mid-afternoon nap can clear your mind,   52    your energy and help you study even    53    . But how long should a nap last? The proper time should be between 10 and 30   54    , Peter Venn, a sleep expert said.
Sleeping for a short time, such as five minutes or so, is not helpful. That’s just not enough time    55.   . But if you sleep for too long, you may wake up feeling uncomfortable.
请将51—55题答案写在下列横线上:
51. ______  52. ______  53. ______  54. ______  55. ______
体裁说明文话题卫生与健康词数113【主旨大意】本文是一篇说明文。介绍的是中午午睡能够解决学生上课困乏的问题。文中还介绍了午睡对学生有哪些好处以及恰当的午睡时间是多少等。
51. sleepy 【解析】考查形容词,句意:许多学生在晚上没有充足的睡眠,这就导致他们在上课期间感觉困乏。给定词sleep为动词,意为“睡觉”,这里用其形容词形式sleepy作系动词feel的表语,意为“困乏的;想睡的”。
52. increase【解析】考查动词的用法。句意:根据《财富(福布斯)》杂志的说法,中午的午休可以让大脑思维变得清醒,增加你的能量,并且能帮助你学习甚至更好。故用给定动词increase,意为“增加”。情态动词can后跟动词原形,故填increase。
53. better【解析】考查副词的比较级。联系上文可知:这里介绍的是午睡的好处。故用给定的副词well的比较级better,意为“更好”。
54. minutes【解析】考查名词的用法。联系上文中的“how long”可知句意为:午休的恰当的时间应该是10到30分钟之间。故用给定的名词minute的复数形式minutes,意为“分钟”。
55. to rest【解析】考查非谓语动词的用法。联系上文“sleeping for a short time”可知句意为:只休息几分钟时间太短了,休息的时间不足够。故用动词不定式to rest作定语,修饰名词time,意为“休息的时间”。
(2018?内蒙古赤峰)A. 阅读短文,用方框中所给词的适当形式填空,使语意通顺、完整。请将答案填写在答题卡指定位置。(每空一词,每词限用一次)
  this   from   family    father   if  success  receive  away  return  good    
Qian Xuesen was born in Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province on December 11, 1911. After he graduated    51   Shanghai Jiao Tong University in 1934, he traveled across the Pacific Ocean to the United States for further study. There he    52    his Ph. D. degrees in both aerospace and mathematics. After graduation, he became a teacher as    53   as a researcher who studied rockets and missile theories.
He made important contributions to the missile and space programs in China. When he   54 to his motherland in 1955, the country’s space research was almost a blank. In 1956, he set up the first research institute of rockets and missiles. From then on, he was in charge of developing China’s missile, rocket and spacecraft research programs. He was a pioneer in    55   related fields and was honored as “The    56   of China’s Missiles.” He is the pride of the Chinese people.
He passed    57   on October 31, 2009, but he is a man who still encourages Chinese youth. His devotion to his country was expressed in his saying, “My career is in China, my
  58   is in China and my destination is in China!” When someone said he could make much more money    59   he stayed in the United States, he laughed and said, “My    60   name is Qian, but I don’t like qian.”
【词汇分析】
this pron. 这;这个→these(复数)
from prep. 来自
family n. 家庭;家人→families(复数)→family’s (所有格)
father n. 父亲;爸爸→fathers(复数)→father’s (所有格)
if conj. 如果;是否
success n. 成功→succeed v. 成功→successful adj. 成功的→successfully adv. 成功地
receive v. 收到;接收→receives(动词单三形式)→received(过去式/过去分词)→receiving(现在分词/动名词)→to receive(动词不定式)
 away adv. 离开;不在
return v. 归还;回来→returns(动词单三形式)→returned(过去式/过去分词)→returning(现在分词/动名词)→to return(动词不定式)
good adj. 好的→better(比较级)→best(最高级)→well adv. 好地体裁说明文话题著名人物字数233
【主旨大意】本文是一篇说明文。文章介绍的是我国著名科学家钱学森的生平重要事迹介绍。他为我国的航天事业做出了卓越的贡献,是我们中国人的骄傲。
51. from 【解析】句意:在1934年,他从上海交通大学毕业之后,他横渡太平洋来到美国继续求学深造。固定用法:graduate from意为“从……毕业”。
52. received 【解析】句意:在那里他荣获航天与数学两个专业的博士学位。故用动词receive,表示“接受学位”。结合上下文可知要用一般过去时received。
53. well 【解析】句意:在他毕业之后,他成为一位老师,还是研究火箭和导弹理论领域的研究专家。固定短语:as well as意为“并且;还”,其中的well是形容词good的副词形式。
54. returned 【解析】句意:在1955年,当他返回到他的祖国的时候,我们国家的太空探索还几乎是一片空白。故用动词return,表示“返回”。结合上下文可知要用一般过去时returned。
55. these 【解析】句意:他在火箭、导弹和宇宙飞船这些领域内是一位先驱者。故用给定代词this的复数形式these,意为“这些”。
56. father 【解析】句意:他被授予“中国导弹之父”的荣誉称号。故用名词father,意为“父亲”。
57. away 【解析】句意:2009年10月31日,钱学森去世,但是他仍然激励着中国的青年一代。这里用动词短语pass away,意为“去世;逝世”。
58. success 【解析】句意:他对国家的贡献在他的语言中有所表达,“我的事业在中国,我的成功在中国,我的人生归宿也在中国”。故用名词success作主语,意为“成功”。
59. if 【解析】句意:有人说他如果留在美国的话,可以挣更多钱。故用连词if引导条件状语从句,意为“如果”。
60. family 【解析】句意:他笑着说“虽然我姓钱,但是我并不喜欢钱”。固定用法:family name意为“姓”,故填名词family。
Ⅵ. (2018•辽宁盘锦)短文填空(每小题1分,共10分)
    根据短文内容,用方框中所给词的正确形式填空,使短文完整、正确,并将答案写在答题卡的相应位置(每个单词只能使用一次)。
 yellow   worry   with   silence   drive   add   wonderful   although   it   color    Do you know about the banana?
    Its three  51  tell you how ripe(成熟的) it is. Green means go, as in “go and find another banana.”   52   means “eat me.” Brown means “eat me and it’s easy to chew(咀嚼).” A banana is clean to eat. When you bite(咬) into it, you don’t have to   53  about the juice making your clothes dirty. And it’s also a   54   food. You can chew it without   55   neighbors crazy with annoying sounds. However, the only pity is that its peel can’t be eaten.
    The banana is versatile(多功能的). You can fly   56  , bake it, mash(捣成糊状)it, or eat it raw. At lunchtime, you can snack on a banana, or make a peanut butter and banana sandwich. You can   57   a banana to your ice cream. You can order a delicious banana milk shake at your local store.
      58   the banana came from Asia in the past, it is very popular   59   people all over the world. Because not only the banana can give us lots of vitamins A and C, but also the prince of them hasn’t changed much over the years—they’re still one to two yuan a kilo. What a   60   fruit the banana is!
体裁说明文话题自然植物词数221【主旨大意】本文主要介绍了香蕉的颜色代表了其成熟度、香蕉的多种吃法以及香蕉对人们的益处等。
51.colors/colours 52. Yellow 53. worry 54. silent 55. driving 56. it 57. add 58. Although 59. with 60. wonderful
六、阅读与表达(共2节,A节5分,B节20分;满分25分)
A)阅读短文,然后根据其内容从方框中选出可以填入空白处的短语。(2018•辽宁沈阳)
at a time   a 20-minute walk   be happy  do better in   every dayThree good habits that help improve your memory.
Dear Amy.
Do you want to have a better memory? Many people would say“yes.”But how?
First, exercise   1  . When you exercise your body, you also exercise your brain. Your brain gets more oxygen when you exercise like   2  .
Second, don’t eat too much   3  . Have a good diet. This will help your brain become healthier.
Third,   4  . If you’re happy, your mind will become livelier and your memory will become sharper.
If you have these habits, your memory will improve. You’ll   5    your studies and in your life. Thank you for listening.

1.  every day 【解析】句意:首先,每天锻炼。当你锻炼的时候,你也锻炼了你的大脑。从所给信息,只能选every day, 每天锻炼。
2.  a 20-minute walk【解析】like 在这里是介词,所以后面要加名词或者动名词。根据所给词,判断选a 20-minute walk,句意:当你做像20分钟走步锻炼的时候,你的大脑会获得更多的氧气。
3.  at a time【解析】句意: 不要吃太多___, 这里只能填名词或者补语做补充说明,根据所给信息,只能选at a time, 一次。理解为不要一次吃太多。要有好的饮食。
4.  be happy【解析】根据后文,如果你开心,你的大脑会变得更活跃...,看到happy,故选 be happy,开心点。
5. do better in 【解析】根据You’ll 后面加动词原形。故选do better in .句意:你会在学习和生活中做得更好。
Ⅶ. (2018•辽宁铁岭)完形填空(共10分,每空1分)
根据短文内容,用方框中所给词的正确形式填空,使短文完整、正确。(每个词只能用一次,有两个多余词)
 
Why is “buy things” in Chinese spoken as maidongxi (buy east and west), but not mainanbei (buy south and north)?
One theory (假说) says maidongxi has   66   to do with the five elements (要素): jin (metal), mu (wood), shui (water), huo (fire) and tu (earth). In Chinese culture, the four   67   have to do with these elements. East matches wood, west matches metal, south matches fire, and north matches water.
If someone carries nan (south) and bei (north) in a basket, it means to   68   water and fire, which is not even possible. But if one puts dong (east) and xi (west) in one’s basket, of course they can carry metal and wood.
There are also more common explanations.
One says that in the Tang Dynasty (唐代), there   69   two popular markets in Chang’an, the capital of China at that time. One was called the East Market, and the   70   was called the West Market. When shopping, people usually went to the East Market   71  , and then went to the West Market. As time went   72  , people started to describe shopping as buying east and west.”
The last theory is about China’s trading history. Around the 15th  73  , China began trading with the world, and most of its foreign goods (货物) happened to come from the east (Japan) and west (Abrabia). Markets   74  “things from the east and the west”. It was short for  “east and west”  75  .
Which theory do you prefer?

题材论文话题买东西词数260【主旨大意】
本文是一篇论文,主要讨论了为什么“buy things”中文叫“买东西”而不是“买南北”。文中列举了一些有关的假设,说明“买东西”的来由。
66.something 【解析】根据句意“买东西”与五种要素有关。这里考查固定搭配have something to do with sth. 意为“与……有关”。
67.directions 【解析】从后文可知,东南西北分别对应着金、木、水、火、土,因此本句应该是提到了方向,又因为是四个方向,所以是复数。
68.carry    【解析】由上句If someone carries nan (south) and bei (north) in a basket可知,此处要表达的是用篮子搬运水和火。因此填carry。
69.are      【解析】考查there be的用法,因后文是复数,所以用are。
70.other    【解析】考查固定结构one …, the other …,意为“一个…,另一个…”。
71.first     【解析】由句意可知,人们先去东市场买,然后去西市场买。所以此处应该填序数词first。
72.by      【解析】考查固定短语went by,意思是随着时间的迁移。
73.century  【解析】考查词义,15世纪,因此填century。
74.sell     【解析】根据句意可知,市场销售来自于东部和西部的商品。所以填sell。
75.later    【解析】由句意可知,后来就简称为买东西了。
(2018•辽宁葫芦岛)根据短文内容,用方框中所给词的正确形式填空,使短文完整、正确。(每个词只能用一次,有两个多余词)
they  try  soft  about  so  both  never  such  visitor  special  good  whenDear Larry,
It was lovely to hear from you again and to know that things are going    66    with you.
Thanks for telling me all    67    the Chinese Moon Festival. It sounds like you enjoyed a great party in Inner Mongolia(内蒙古). It makes me think of the festival we took part in    68    we traveled in South Africa. The people there kept many goats(山羊), as well as sheep and cows. Beef was expensive and was only for very    69    time. In all our time there we were    70    served beef in the villages, because beef is not usually served to    71   .
By the way, I happened to see these pictures and thought you’d like to see    72   . A Chinese girl gave Tang Suit to Joan and me when she left school. We    73    them on in the university car park. Someone took photos for us though I was wearing my kilt(苏格兰短褶裙)! It seemed to be    74    different that some suggested that I could start a new look.
We wore Tang Suit to a dinner which was held on the ship in August when we visited Germany. Some Chinese ladies came and spoke to us. They were interested in my traditional Chinese clothing.
We    75    look forward to hearing from you again. Best Wishes!
Yours,
Ken and Joan

【词汇分析】
they pron. 他们(人称代词的主格)→them(人称代词的宾格)→their(形容词性物主代词)→theirs(名词性物主代词)→themselves(反身代词)
try n. & v. 尝试;努力→tries(动词单三形式/名词复数)→tried(过去式/过去分词)→trying(现在分词/动名词)→to try(动词不定式)
soft adj. 柔软的 →softer (比较级)→softest(最高级)
about  prep. 关于;adv. 大约
both adv. 如此;这么;pron. 这样;conj. 因此;所以
both adj. 两者;pron. 两者都
never adv. 从来不;从来没有
such adj. 如此的;这样的;adv. 如此
visitor n. 参观者;访问者→visitors(名词复数)→visit v. 参观;访问
special adj. 特殊的;特别的→more special(比较级)→most special(最高级)→specially(副词形式)
good adj. 好的→better(比较级)→best(最高级)→well adv. 好地
when adv. 何时;什么时间;conj. 当……的时候 【主旨大意】本文是一篇应用文,文中作者主要介绍了自己在南非旅行期间的一些见闻。
66. well 【解析】句意:又收到你的来信很好,了解到你一切都很顺利。动词go 后跟副词,表示“进展顺利”。故用形容词good的副词形式well,意为“好地”。
67. about 【解析】句意:谢谢你告诉我关于中秋节的所有事情。故用介词about,意为“关于”。
68. when 【解析】句意:它让我想起了当我们在南非旅行的时候,我们参加的节日庆祝活动。故用连词when,意为“当……时候”。
69. special 【解析】根据前文“Beef was expensive”可知,special符合语境,意指“只有非常特殊的时刻才吃牛肉”。
70. never 【解析】根据前后句可知,此处指“(人们)从来不用牛肉招待我们”。never意为“从来不”,符合语境。
71. visitors 【解析】句意:因为牛肉通常不被用来招待参观者。此处指多个参观者,因此visitor用复数形式visitors。
72. them 【解析】句意:顺便说一下,我碰巧看见了这些图画,并且认为你也愿意看它们。空格处指代前文出现的“these pictures”,故用they的宾格形式them,意为“它们”。
73. tried 【解析】本句缺少谓语,空格后them指代“Tang Suit”所给动词try符合语境。意指“试了试这些唐装。”本句描述的是过去发生的动作,因此try用一般过去时。
74. so【解析】句意:这似乎相当不一样,以至于有人建议我开始一种新装束出现在别人面前。表示“如此……以至于……”,要用so / such …that句型,这里修饰形容词different,故用副词so,意为“如此”。
75. both 【解析】句意:我们都盼望着再次收到你的来信。此处为指代的是“Joan and me”,因此要用代词both,意为“两者都”。
Ⅶ.(2018•辽宁辽阳) 完形填空(共10分,每空1分)
根据全文内容,用方框中所给词的正确形式填空,使短文完整、正确。(每个词只能用一次。有两个多余词)
first  break  rule  also  follow  they  drive  too  more  on  red  customersIt seems that food deliverymen (送货员) are always in a hurry. You may find many of them don’t   66   traffic rules. They drive on the wrong side of the road and run   67   lights.  They use mobile phones while they’re   68  . These reckless (鲁莽的) behaviors have caught the public’s attention. In the   69   half of 2017, food deliverymen had 76 traffic accidents in Shanghai. That means every two and a half days, a food deliveryman will die or get hurt on the road.  
What makes deliverymen take such risks? The strict   70   of the food delivery service companies (公司) and the anxious (焦急的) customers may be the answer. Many companies will fine a deliveryman up to 2,000 yuan, if he fails to deliver an order   71   time, reported China Daily. Fines also go to those who get bad reviews from   72  .
To solve the problem, food delivery companies need to improve their incentive systems (激励制度). Some cities are   73   taking action. Shanghai has asked companies to train   74   deliverymen on traffic rules and safety. Now in Shenzhen, if a deliverymen gets caught breaking traffic rules   75   than twice, then he will not be allowed to drive food service delivery vehicles (交通工具) for a whole year.
体裁说明文话题安全守则词数232【主旨大意】
本文是一篇说明文。本文主要介绍了许多送货员为了业绩而违反交通规则的鲁莽行为。为安全起见,各家公司及许多城市已采取多种措施来规范送货员路途中的鲁莽行为。
66. break  由下句中的They drive on the wrong side of the road可知,一些送货员由于时间紧而不遵守交通规则。助动词don’t后跟动词原形。故填动词break。
67. red  由上句中的They drive on the wrong side of the road及常识可推知,一些送货员开车时因走错道路而闯了红灯。名词lights前面应用形容词作定语。故填red。
68. driving  由下句These reckless (鲁莽的) behaviors have caught the public’s attention.可推知,送货员开车闯红灯、开车时接打手机等不遵守交通规则的行为引起了公众的注意。系动词are说明while引导的时间状语从句中是现在进行时态。故填现在分词driving。
69. first  in the first half of 2017表示“在2017年上半年”。
70. rules  由后面两句Many companies will fine a deliveryman up to 2,000 yuan… get bad reviews from   72  .可知,是公司严格的惩罚制度造成了送货员开车途中的鲁莽行为。形容词strict修饰名词。“制度”不止一项,故填名词复数rules。
71. on  on time按时,是固定搭配。  
72. customers  由句意及常识可知,公司还会根据顾客的投诉或差评对送货员进行罚款。故填名词customers。
73. also  由上句To solve the problem, food delivery companies need to improve their incentive systems (激励制度).及本句内容可知,配货公司在重新制定激励制度的同时,一些城市也采取了措施来制止随意违反交通规则的行为。系动词are和行为动词taking之间应用副词作状语。故填副词also。   
74. their  句意:上海已经让各家公司在交通规则和安全方面培训他们的送货员。名词deliverymen前面应用形容词性物主代词修饰。故填代词their。  
75. more  more than多于,超过,是固定搭配。
Ⅱ.完形填空(共10分,每空1分)
根据短文内容,用方框中所给词的正确形式填空,使使短文完整、正确。(每个词只只能用一次,有两个多余词)(2018•辽宁抚顺)
parents until take without hold surprise among he with one lucky excitedIt is said that four-joy Meatballs were first developed in Tang Dynasty(朝代). One year, the emperor(皇帝)  66  the imperial examination(殿试)and many students from the whole country took part in it. And    67   them, there was the famous Zhang Jiuling. To everyone’s   68  the poorly dressed Zhang took the first place in the exam and later became the son-in-law (女婿)of the emperor. Usually, people were   69  when they were in such happy events, but he wasn’t. He was deeply sad because the serious flood 洪水)drove his parents to other places   70   any news.
  71  ,on the wedding (婚礼)day, Zhang got the news about his parents and sent the guards to bring them back to the capital. And also on that day, the cook who understood   72  feelings cooked four big meatballs, and explained the meanings to Zhang. “It is named ‘Four Consummations(圆满) ’.The first consummation is achievement of the  73   place in the imperial examination, the second for your wedding. the third for you to become the emperors son-in-law, and the last for finding your   74  ,the cook said. Upon this answer, Zhang Jiuling had a great laugh and said. "Just call it four-joy Meatballs.”
Since then, the Four Joy Meatballs were passed down   75   now. Nowadays the dish is often seen on the dinner table. Many people still like it.
66. held 67. among 68. surprise  69. excited 70. without 71. Luckily 72. his 73. first  74. parents   75.until   
(2018•辽宁本溪)VII.完形填空(共10分,每空1分)
根据短文内容,用方框中所给词的正确形式填空,使短文完完整、正确。(每个词只能用一次,有两个多余词)
sell   surface   that   deep   join   rich   hundred   well   buy   without   poor  somethingWhen gold was found in California, the USA in 1848, many people left all they had and went there in order to find gold. Two brothers sold all the things ____66_____the people in the gold rush(淘金). They found gold and said the gold belonged to them, and no one else could take it away.
Then they started to dig the gold out of the mine (矿). All went _____67______at first. They were very excited, But then____68_____ strange happened. There was suddenly no gold any more. It seemed that the gold was only on the ______69______.The brothers continued their work, but they ended up ___70__ success after many times. They were so disappointed_____71______they gave up at last. They sold their tools and the mine  for ______72______of dollars, and took the train back home.
   The man who ______73______ the mine asked an engineer to  examine the rock there.   The engineer told him to continue digging in the same place. Soon, they succeeded. The place where they found gold was  just three feet ______74______than the one where the two brothers had stopped.
A little more persistence(坚持) and the two brothers would be very  _____75_____.
There is gold in you, too. You also have talents. Will you keep digging to find and develop your talents?
题材记叙文话题哲理故事词数217【主旨大意】本文是一篇记叙文,通过介绍在美国加利福尼亚发现黄金后两兄弟半途而废的故事,告诉我们要坚持挖掘自己的潜能,开发出自己真正的才能。
66.to join  join指加入某一行列,这里用动词不定式短语做目的状语。
67.well这里指开始一切顺利。
68.something 这里指奇怪的事情发生了。
69.surface 这里指金子好像只在表面。
70.without 由句中的“but”可知他们没有成功的希望。
71.that  so…that意为“如此••••••以至于”。
72.hundreds hundreds of意为“数以百计的”。
73.bought 此句为定语从句,这里指买矿山的人。
74.deeper deep意为“深的”,由than可知用比较级。
75.richer这里指会更富有。
(2018.吉林)Ⅸ.短文填空  从方框中选择正确选项,完成短文(方框中有两个选项是多余的)。(10分)
A. happily      B. sad     C. everything     D. what     E. but      F. park
G. nothing     H. to       I. why         J. walking   K. how     L. putThere was a time when I had some difficulties in my life. I felt  46  all day long.
Nobody could make me cheerful. One thing that happened made me change.
One day,I went to the  47  for a rest. There was an empty bench and I sat down. Suddenly, a young boy came around. “ Did you see  48  I found?” he asked in excitement. I looked down and saw a small withered(枯萎的)flower lying in his hands. Seeing this,I felt even more depressed(沮丧的). I wanted him to go away,so I smiled to him and then turned my back.
However,instead of  49  away, the boy sat next to me. “It smells good and it’s beautiful,too. That’s  50  I picked it up,” he said. “Here, it’s for you.” I knew I had to take it, or he might never leave,so I reached for the flower and said,“ Thank you!” I waited, but the boy didn’t  51  the flower in my hand. He just held the flower and didn’t move. It was not until then that I noticed the boy could see  52 .
I took the flower with tears and said, “Thanks a lot!You have picked up the best one.” “My pleasure.” the boy replied 53 , and then ran away. The boy couldn’t see, 54 in his imagination(想像),the world was beautiful. I saw a withered flower,while he “saw” a beautiful flower.
I held the flower up  55 my nose and took a deep breath. I smelt the fragrance(香味)of it. It was indeed(的确)the most beautiful flower.
体裁记叙文话题人物故事词数332【主旨大意】本文记叙了盲人作者在公园里遇见一个失明的孩子送给他一束花, 使他重新振奋起来,有了生活的勇气。
46. B  根据前句I had some difficulties in my life,可知作者心情不好,故选B。
47. F  根据后句There was an empty bench and I sat down可推测是在公园里,故选F。
48. D  see后接宾语从句,what作从句中found的宾语,故选D。
49. J  前句提到I wanted him to go away, so I smiled to him and then turned my back.可知
50. I  前句提到了It smells good and it’s beautiful,too. 这就是给他的原因,故选I。
51. L  后面提到孩子举着花没动,因此,推断没有把花放在作者手中,故选I。
52. G 从前句He just held the flower and didn’t move判断出孩子也是个盲人,故选G。
53. A  面对别人的感激,应该是高兴地回答,故选A。
54. E  前面提到The boy couldn’t see和后面提到in his imagination,the world was beautiful.构成转折,故选E。
55. H  短语hold sth up to…把某物举到……,故选H。
(2018•黑龙江哈尔滨)(A)
true, celebration, breathe, correct, go on, twentieth, excite, decideMark was a clever pupil. After he   61   his eighth birthday, his teacher announced a school spelling competition. He wanted to win the first prize. In order to get good luck before the competition, Mark made a   62   to go the barber’s(理发店). The barber Jimmy was a friendly young man. He asked Mark, “Do you have confidence in the competition?” “Maybe.” Mark answered. “Can you spell the word ‘confidence’?” The barber   63   asking Mark. “C-O-N-F-I-D-E-N-C-E. Confidence.” Mark answered. “Oh, you’re great! A lot of people spell the word wrong, but you can spell it   64  ,”the barber said, “Remember that confidence is a winner’s secret weapon(武器).” “A winner’s secret weapon?” Mark held his   65   and stared at the barber’s face in the mirror. “Oh, I’ll remember what you said.” In the end, Mark won the competition. How   66  Mark felt!
  67  years later, Mark founded his own company and made a lot of money. Once a reporter asked him, “How did you become so successful?” Mark answered, “To tell the  68  , confidence is my secret weapon.”
任务1:阅读短文(A),用方框中所给词或短语的正确形式填空,使文章通顺、连贯合理。(每空只能填一个单词或一个短语,每个单词或短语限用一次)
61. ________ 62. ________ 63. ________ 64. ________ 65. ________ 66. ________ 67. ________ 68. ________  
体裁记叙文话题故事词数193【主旨大意】
本文是一篇记叙文。主要介绍自信是Mark成功的秘诀:自信是成功者的武器。
61. celebrated    本句中句子缺少动词,根据句意及文中时态考虑celebrated适合。
62. decision    固定搭配空格前面made a, 结合句意此处指做决定,所以填写made a decision。
63. went on     本句中句子缺少动词,空后为asking根据句意及文中时态考虑went on 适合。
64. correctly    本句句子结构完整,根据句意且修饰动词故选用副词correctly。
65. breath      固定搭配空格前面held his , 结合句意此处指做决定,所以填写held his breath.
66. excited     根据句意感到兴奋,故用excited。
67. Twenty     根据句意,表示20年之后,故用twenty。
68. truth      固定搭配空格前面to tell the ,所以填写truth。
(2018•广西北部湾) (三) 选词填空(共10小题,每小题1分,共10分)
    根据短文内容,从方框中选择恰当的单词填空,并将单词填写在答题卡对应的横线上。每个单词只能用一次。每空一词。
before  parks   money  usual  pollution  going  be  carry  ones  slower
A kind of little cars may some day take the place of today’s big ones. People will like this kind of small cars more and more. The car is as small as a bike but can    86    two people in it. Everybody can drive it, just like riding a bike. Even children and old people can drive them to schools and   87   .
If everyone drives such a car in the future, there will be less    88    in the air. There will also    89     more space for all the cars in cities, and the streets will have more space for people to walk. Three such cars can fit in the space now needed for one car of the     90    size.
The little cars of future will cost much less   91   to own and to drive. And they can go only 65 kilometers an hour, so driving will be safer, too.
The cars of the future will be fine for   92    around a city, but they will not be useful for a long trip.
This kind of cars can save a lot of gasoline(汽油). They will go 450 kilometers   93   needing to stop for more gasoline.
If big cars are still used along with the small   94   , two sets of roads will be needed in the future. Some roads will be needed for the big, faster cars and other roads will be needed for the small,   95   cars.
体裁记叙文话题社会热点词数241【主旨大意】本文讲述随着社会的发展,人们会越来越喜欢开更小的汽车。因为它有很多的优点:占地小、节油、安全等。
86.    carry    由情态动词can可知要填动词原形,句意:这种车像自行车一样小,但是能容纳2个人,故填carry。
87.    parks    and 连接两个并列的词,从前面schools可知这里也需要填一个名词复数,故填parks。句意:甚至孩子和老人也可以开着他们去学校和公园。
88.    pollution    由形容词less可以判断该空要填一个不可数名词。分析上文如果每人都开这样的小车,那么空气里的污染就会减少,故填pollution符合题意。
89.    be    这是一个there be句型,根据助动词will可知要填动词原形,故答案为be。
90.    usual    Three such cars can fit in the space now needed for one car of the     90    size.
句意:通常一辆车所需的位置现在可以停三辆这种车。故填usual。
91.    money    由动词cost(花费)可知这里要填money。句意:未来的小车将花费更少的钱来拥有。
92.    going    由介词for可知这里需要填一个非谓语动词going。句意:未来的汽车很适合在一个城市内行驶, 但是他们不适合长途旅行。
93.    before    This kind of cars can save a lot of gasoline(汽油). 这种汽车可以节省大量汽油。所有下文在停下来加油之前可以行驶450千米。故填before。
94.    ones        句意:如果未来需要大型车和小型车,那么就需要两套道路。Ones代前面cars.
95.    slower    Some roads will be needed for the big, faster cars and other roads will be needed for the small,   95   cars.一些道路为大型的,快速车辆提供需要,另一些道路则为小型的、慢速车辆服务。由前面big, faster cars可判断这里填small, slower cars,故填slower。

(一)选词填空:阅读下面材料,用方框中所单词的适当形式在空白处填空,每词限用一次,请将完整单词填写在答题卡对应的横线上,每空只能填一词。(10小题,每小题1分,共10分)(2018•广西贺州中考)
when much child one with good play age sell full  Gina is only 12 years old. She is a girl who is  71  of love.
  At the  72   of four, she began to learn how to play the guitar. And she did  73  in it. She wanted to help the poor kids in her town, so she decided to raise money by  74   the guitar in the street. At  75   , only a few people gave her money. There days later, she put a sign beside her, saying why she was doing so.   76   people saw the sign, they were all moved and started to help her  77    the work. Gina also sold her favorite things to collect money. When her classmates got to know this, they all began to  78    their old toys, clothes and books to collect money, too. Gina has raised money for two years, and now she’s got  79   than $ 3, 000. She says she will continue to do something like this and help the poor   80       .
体裁记叙文话题社会行为字数159【主旨大意】本篇是一篇记叙文,主要讲述了Gina为了帮助生活困苦的人们到街头弹吉他,她的行为感动了她的同学,他们都一起采取行动帮助那些需要帮助的人们。
71.full【解析】full of love充满爱,由第二段可知Gina是个充满爱心的人,所以填full.
72.age【解析】at the age of…在…几岁的时候,固定搭配,所以选age.
73.well【解析】did well做得好,did是个动词,需要副词来修饰,所以填good的副词形式well.
74. playing【解析】by doing通过做某事,所以填play的ing形式,即playing.
75.first【解析】at first,首先,固定用法,所以填one的序数词形式,first.
76. When
77. with
78. sell
79. more
80.children

第一节 综合填空(共15小题,每小题1分,满分15分)(2018•广西百色)
A.选词填空  根据短文内容,用方框中所给单词的适当形式填空,使短文意思完整。每个单词只能用一次(共5小题,每小题1分,满分5分)。
important    begin     language     long    between  The Silk Road has been a bridge 71 ______ the East and West for more than 2,000 years. But you know the Silk Road is not a single route(路线)! It is a series of trade and culture transmission(传送) routes. It  72    during the Han Dynasty(朝代). The trade route starts from the city of Xi’an in Shanxi Province and ends in Eastern Europe. The Silk Road was about 6,500 kilometres   73   . It went across one fourth of the planet.
   The Silk Road was very  74    to both China and the rest of the world. Besides trade, knowledge about science, arts and literature, as well as crafts and technologies was shared across the Silk Road. In this way,  75  
and cultures developed and influenced each other.
71. between  根据固定搭配between…and…(在……和……之间)可知选介词between。句意:丝绸之路已经成为东西方之间的桥梁2000多年了。
72. began 根据横线前面的it和后面的“在汉代期间”可知横线处缺少一个动词,故选begin。再根据句意可知运用过去时,故填began。  
73. long  这句话描述丝绸之路的长度,故横线处缺少形容词long。
74. important  根据下句话“除了贸易、关于科学、艺术和文学知识,还有手工艺和技术通过丝绸之路被分享”可知丝绸之路对中国和世界其余地方是重要的,故选形容词important。
75. languages 根据横线后面的内容and cultures可知横线处应该是一个名词和cultures进行并列,选项中只有language是名词,而且要用复数形式表示一类。
五、 (2018•广西梧州)综合填空(每小题1分,共10分)
阅读短文,从方框中选择单词,并用其适当形式填空,使短文意思完整、通顺。每词限用一次。
year  sad  move  much  record  music  he  China  paint  marryLast night, one of my Chinese friends took me to a concert of Chinese folk music. The piece which was played on the erhu especially   71   me. The music was strangely beautiful;but under the beauty I sensed a strong    72    and pain. The piece had a simple name, Erquan Yingyue (Moon Reflected on Second Spring), but it was one of the    73   moving pieces of music that I’ve ever heard. The erhu sounded so sad that I almost cried along with it as I listened.
The music was written by Abing, a folk musician who was born in the city of Wuxi in 1893. His mother died when he was very young. Abing’s father taught him to play many    74   instruments, such as the drums, dizi and erhu. However, after his father died, Abing’s life grew worse. He was very poor, caught a serious illness and became blind. For several    75  , he had no home. He lived on the streets and played music to make money. Even after Abing got    76   and had a home again, he continued to sing and play on the streets. Abing was very popular during his lifetime. By the end of his life, he could play over 600 pieces of music, many of these were written by Abing    77  . It is a pity that only six pieces of music in total were    78  for the future world to hear, but his popularity continues to this day. Today, Abings Erquan Yingyue is a piece which all the great erhu masters play and praise. It has become one of    79    national treasures. Its sad beauty not only    80   a picture of Abing’s own life but also makes people recall their deepest wounds from their own sad or painful experiences.
体裁记叙文话题人物故事词数296【主旨大意】
本文是一篇记叙文。它讲述了中国知名民间艺人阿炳的生活和他的代表作《二泉映月》。
71. moved  句意为“那首用二胡演奏的乐曲尤其使我感动”。
72. sadness  句意为“但是在这美的背后,我感觉到一种强烈的悲伤和痛苦”。
73. most 句意为“但它是我听过的最感人的乐曲之一。”
74. musical  句意为“阿炳的父亲教他演奏很多种乐器,比如鼓、笛子和二胡”。
75. years 句意为“好几年他都无家可归”。
76. married 句意为“即使在阿炳结婚并且有了家之后,他继续走上街头卖艺”。
77. himself  句意为“到他临终之前,他能够演奏600多首乐曲,许多乐曲都是阿炳自己创作的”。
78. recorded 句意为“遗憾的是,一共只有6首曲子被录下来得以传世”。
79. China’s  句意为“它已经变成中国文化瑰宝之一”。
80. paints 句意为“它的凄美不仅描述了阿炳的生活,而且也使人们回忆起他们自己悲伤的或痛苦的经历中那深刻的创伤”。


(2018?甘肃兰州)五、任务型完形填空(共10小题:每小题1分,满分10分)
阅读下面的短文,用方框中所给单词的适当形式填空,使文章通顺,结构正确。(每个单词限用一次)
overcome   other  say  return  failure  smile  it  happy  confident  languageAs the   71   goes, smiling is sunshine in everyone’s heart. When I started to go to primary school, my teacher, Mr, Wei told me the importance of smiling. He told me that   72   was a simple behavior which was very powerful. It can give people warm feelings, show your respect to   73  . Since a smile is a positive (积极的) attitude, we can often smile to ourselves to become   74   and happy. Although there are some situations where we may experience hardship or even   75  , we can always smile to ourselves. It can help us   76   many difficulties as well as succeed in the end. Learning to   77   to others is also beneficial. When we smile to others, we can get a smile in   78  . Then it can put us in a good mood. What’s more, it can also help us build a good relationship with others. In one word, smiling is a   79   which can help others understand us better. Therefore, let’s start to smile and live a better and   80   life.
体裁说明文话题社会生活词数188【主旨大意】本篇短文介绍微笑在生活中的作用。从谚语引入话题,谈论微笑对自己对他人来说有着哪些的意义。
71. saying【解析】根据句子结构可知,冠词the+n. 做主语,句意:俗话说/常言道,微笑在每个人心中就是阳光。所以要把say变成saying有谚语之意。
72.it【解析】句意:他告诉我___ 是一种很强大的简单的行为。根据上句他告诉我微信的重要性,故此处应为微笑。要用smiling,而前面刚提到smiling,再次提到避免重复,故用it代替。
73.others 【解析】句意:他会给人温暖的感受,展现你对____的尊重。此处用名词或者代词,根据所给词,要用others, 他人。
74. confident【解析】 become     and happy,此处become后用形容词和happy对应,故选confident,变得自信和快乐。
75. failure/failures【解析】experience hardship or even ___ ,句意是经历艰难,甚至是___, or 此处连接两个并列名词,跟艰难对应,所给词中锁定fail,要用名词,故用failure/failures.
76. (to)overcome 【解析】根据help sb. do / to do sth.此处用动词,帮我们____许多困难,故选overcome/ to overcome.
77.smile 【解析】根据learn to do sth,,故此处应填动词,根据下文When we smile to others,故此处选smile。
78.return 【解析】固定搭配in return。句意: 作为回报,我们也可以得到一个微笑。
79. language【解析】根据a+n. ,故此处要用名词。句意:总之,微笑是一种有助于他人更好地理解我们的语言。故选language。
80.happier【解析】live a better and     life,and连接词性词义相近的词,故选happy,与better对应,要用比较级happier。

(2018•广西桂林)A. 选词填空,请从方框中选出最佳选项补全短文。
A. isn’t    B. because   C. subject   D. on     E. ChineseThere are Chinese, science, IT and maths lessons   76   Monday morning. Betty’s favourite   77   is IT. She likes it   78    it is very interesting. Tony’s favourite subject  79  IT, he thinks it is very difficult, but he likes  80  .
体裁记叙文话题学校生活词数41【主旨大意】本文是一篇记叙文,主要记录了贝蒂和托尼最喜欢的科目。
76. D考查介词。表示在具体的某天某一时辰用介词on,这儿是Monday morning故填on。
77. C考查名词。根据空后的IT“信息技术”可知应该填subject。
78. B考查连词。前后两句有因果关系,前果后因,故填because。
79. A考查be动词。根据下文的he thinks it’s difficult可知“他最喜欢的学科不是信息技术”,故应填isn’t。
80. E考查名词。根据上文的“Tony’s favourite subject …”可知应填学科,故选E。
(2018.贵州安顺)C. 短文语篇填空。请根据上下文语境和意思,选出所给单词并将其适当形式填写在答题卡的相应位置上。(10 分)
that  suggest  the  of  and  student  do  we  use  hopefulReading Enriches Our Minds
Reading is really important.     86    ,we can get knowledge through reading, which not only broadens our horizon(s  拓宽视野), but also makes     87    cleverer and happier. Moreover, our school studies can be greatly improved if we keep reading, and we think     88    our future will become brighter.
However, some   89    spend too much time    90    their cell-phones to listen to music, watch movies or play on-line games and this will take much of their spare time. So I would like to suggest that everyone should do more reading  91  good books, especially read Chinese  classic novels every day so that we can spread our Chinese traditional culture to 92 world. Meanwhile, we can enrich our minds quite a lot by reading regularly and it is also good for us to get fully developed   93   it can help improve our writing skill. Surely, we  can read books   alone, or read books with our friends.
All in all, doing reading     94    us much good if we do it from now on, and it is strongly    95    that we should make reading become a habit of our life, do you agree with me?
体裁论文话题社会生活词数245【主旨大意】本文阐述了阅读不但给我们很多知识也能开阔视野,也能使我们开心快乐,我们应该养成阅读的好习惯。
86. Hopefully 87. us     88 .that    89. students    90. using  91. of   92. the    93. and    94. does/will do 95.suggested
(2018•河南中考)五、词语运用(10小题,每小题1分,共10分)
阅读短文,从方框中选择适当的词并用其正确形式填空,使短文通顺,意思完整。每空限填一词,每词限用一次,方框中有两个词是多余的。


  Once, there was a little girl named Meredith. Meredith enjoyed spending ___66__ free time with her friends, but there was something different about  Meredith. She was always interested in things ___67__  chemistry and history . Meredith never wanted to ___68__ about these interests because she was afraid she would be judged(评头论足). she always learned more about  these topics when she was by herself,  ___69__ no one could find out about this. One day a new girl , Josie, joined her sixth-grade class, and the new girl  was ___70__ to say three things about herself. Josie stood up and ___71__ to talk about her interests. First ,she said she was ___72__in reading and writing stories. Second, she said she liked history. ___73__,she said she enjoyed chemistry. Meredith's eyes lit up with joy. Finally, she had found someone who had common interests as her. ___74__ that day, Meredith found Josie on the playground and ran over to talk to her. They immediately(立刻) became ___75__and start to play at each other's houses on the weekend.
66. her 根据句意“她的空闲时间”,修饰名词time用形容词性物主代词her。
67. like 根据句意“她总是对化学和历史的事情感兴趣”可知用like。
68. talk 固定短语talk about“谈论”。
69. so  根据上句“当她一个人的时候,她总是学习更多有关这些话题的东西”可知下一句是“因此没有人能知道这些”,表示结果用so。
70. asked 根据句意可知“这个女孩被要求说出三件关于她自己的事”,应该用被动语态,此处填ask的过去分词形式asked。
71.started 本句中and连接前后两个并列的动作,根据上下语境应该是“Josie站起来开始说她的兴趣”,故用started。
72.interested 固定短语be interested in “对……感兴趣”。
73.Third 根据前面的First,Second可知用序数词Third。
74. later 根据句意“那天以后”可知用later。
75.friends 根据句意“他们成为朋友”,主语是复数可知用friends。
(2018•山西)词语运用(每小题 1 分,共 10 分)
请根据语篇内容,用方框中所给词的正确形式填空,使短文通顺、连贯,并将答案写在答题卡相应的位置上。方框中有两个词为多余项。
age    who    like   child   though  protect   you   ask    find   fall    about   completeA female swimming athlete once set a goal(目标) for herself. She decided to swim across the English Channel before she retired. If she could succeed, she would be the first person in the world   71   did it. On that day, she jumped into the sea without any hesitation(犹豫) and swam towards the opposite bank without any   72  . In the journey, she faced heavy fog, heavy rain and heavy waves.  73   she was tired, she still carried on swimming. But in the end,she gave up. And she didn’t know that the opposite bank was only one mile away when she gave up.
Later she   74   about the reason. And she said, “The reason why I gave up is that I could not see the place which I was going to reach    75  .” It was a great pity that one mile broke her dream.
Since we were young   76  , too many success stories have been telling us about courage and persistence(坚持). But they never told us where   77   courage and persistence. You can only have courage when you know where your goal is. You can only manage to persist when you know where your goal is.
And that’s because when you know where your goal is, you can only prepare   78   well in the mind. Courage and persistence never    79   from the sky. They come from weighing between input and output.
A life without goal is   80   a ship without a compass. It goes nowhere. There is no courage or persistence in a life without goals.
71. ________ 72. _______ 73. ________ 74. _________ 75. __________
76. ________ 77. _______ 78. ________ 79. ________ 80. __________

体裁记叙文话题日常生活词数271【主旨大意】文章讲述了一个女游泳运动员决定在退役之前游过英吉利海峡。如果她成功了,她将是世界上第一个游过英吉利海峡的人。在挑战的那一天,她克服了很多困难。但最终放弃了,她不知道还有一英里她就成功了。后来在被采访的时候,她说放弃是因为完全看不到她要到达的地方。短文告诉我们,在生活中要有清晰的目标,而且要有勇气,勇敢地坚持下去。
71. who 考查定语从句的连接词。根据语法分析,可知此处用来连接两个句子,且从句缺少主语,因前面的先行词是the first person,故使用who来引导定语从句。句意:如果她成功了,她将是世界上第一个做那件事的人。
72. protection 考查名词(动词变名词)。without是介词,可知横线处填名词。由 and 可知,这句话和前面的without any hesitation 并列,再根据句意可知,“她在没有任何保护措施的情况下就游向了对岸”,所以填动词protect的名词形式 protection。
73. Though  考查状语从句的连接词。句意:尽管她已经累了,但是她仍然继续坚持游泳。
74. was asked  考查被动语态。横线处动词作谓语,前后文语境提示用一般过去时,再根据句意可知此处表达“她被问到原由”,所以用一般过去时的被动语态 was asked。
75. completely  考查副词(形容词变副词)。空白处所填词修饰动词see,故应填入一个副词。根据句意“我为什么放弃的原因是我完全看不到我要到达的地方”,可知应填complete的副词形式 completely。
76. children  考查名词(单数变复数)。young 是形容词,后面加名词,又因为主语是we,所以应填名词的复数形式。根据句意 “自从我们还是年轻的孩子时,许多关于勇气和坚持的故事就被告知我们”可知,应填child的复数形式 children。
77. to find 考查非谓语动词。根据句意“但是他们从不会告诉我们去哪里寻找勇气和坚持”,可知应选择动词find,又因为前面是 where,可知此处运用结构“疑问词+动词不定式”,所以应填 to find。
78. yourself 考查反身代词。横线处所填词作动词prepare的宾语。根据句意“而且那是因为当你知道你的目标在哪里时,你只能在脑子里好好为自己准备”,所以主语和宾语为同一人,用反身代词 yourself。
79. fall 考查动词。根据句意“坚持和勇气从来不是天上掉下来的”,再根据固定搭配fall from(从……下来),可知选动词fall。根据前后文语境的提示应使用一般现在时,又因主语为复数,所以应填 fall。
80. like 考查介词。根据句意“没有目标的生活就像没有罗盘的船”,可知此处应为介词加名词构成的介宾短语作表语,所以应填介词like。
选词填空(每小题1分,共5分)
(2018•广西贵港中考)根据短文内容,用方框中所给单词的正确形式填空,使短文通顺、完整。每词限用一次。
especial     little   cheap        buy        reasonTakeout food is very popular in the world. More than 60 percent of the people in China order takeout food at (81)          twice a week, according to a recent survey by China Youth Daily.
The survey was given to 2,005 people in different cities across the country. Among then, 55.6 percent said it’s hard to stop (82)          takeout food. But 63.8 percent said they hope that the managers improve the quality of the food, (83)          the ingredients(食材) used to make the food.
The survey participants(参与者) gave many (84)          for ordering takeout. Some said they are too busy to cook. Others said takeout is much (85)         .And some people simply don’t know how to cook.
体裁说明文话题食物词数121【主旨大意】本文是一篇说明文,主要介绍了外卖食品。外卖食品在世界上非常受欢迎。根据中国青年报的最新调查,中国超过百分之六十的人至少每周订购外卖两次。这次调查了全国不同城市的2005人。其中55.6%的人说很难停止买外卖。但是63.8%的人说他们希望管理者们提高食品质量,尤其是制作食物的食材质量。调查参与者给出了许多订外卖的理由。一些人说他们太忙了不能做饭。其他人说外卖非常便宜。并且一些人不知道如何做饭。。
81. least【解析】固定搭配at least 意为“至少”。
82. buying【解析】固定搭配stop doing 意为“停止做某事”。根据句意填buy的现在分词形式。
83. especially【解析】根据句意填special的适当形式,副词用于句首意为“尤其是”。
84.reasons【解析】空格前为many,考虑名词复数,故填reasons。
85.cheaper【解析】much后接形容词比较级。

(2018•四川泸州)A blind boy sat on the steps of a building with a hat by his feet. He held up a sign which said, “I am blind, please    56   .”
  There were only a few coins in the hat. A man was walking by. He took a few coins from his pocket and    57    them into the hat. He then took the sign, turned    58    around, and wrote some words. He put the sign back so that everyone who walked by would see the    59    words.
  Soon the hat began to fill up. A lot    60    people were giving money to the blind boy. That afternoon the man who had changed the sign come to see how things    61   . The boy recognized(识别) his footsteps and asked. “Were you the one who changed my sign this morning? What did you write?”
  The man said, “I only wrote the    62   . I said what you said but in    63    different way.”
  What ha had written was, “Today is a beautiful day but I can’t see it.”
  Do you think the first sign and the second sign were saying the same thing?
  Of course    64    signs told people the boy was blind. But the first sign simply told people to help by putting some money in the hat. The second sign told people that the were able to enjoy the beauty of the day, but the boy could not enjoy it    65    he was blind.
(A. new   B. help     C. it          D. were    E. because   
F. truth    G. both     H. dropped     I. a       J. more)

体裁记叙文话题日常生活词数274【主旨大意】本文是一篇记叙文,主要向我们描述一个男人如何通过修改一个失明的男孩所写的指示牌,从而产生好的效果的故事
56.B句意:我是失明的,请帮助。根据上下文的内容可知此处表示那个男孩向人请求帮助。
57.H句意:他从口袋里掏出几硬币,把它们扔进帽子里。
58.C句意:他拿起那批示牌,转过来并写上一些词。此处是指前面的sign,故用it。
59.A句意:他把指示牌放回去,这样每个走过的人都会看到新写的词。根据前面的写一些词可知此处是说新写的词。
60.J句意:很多人都把钱给了那个盲人男孩。这里是短语a lot of的用法。
61.D句意:那天下午,那个改变了指示牌的人来看看事情是怎样的。
62.F句意:我只是写事实。根据结构可知此处用名词。
63.I句意:我说的是你说的但是用另一种方式。由句意可知此处表示“一”的概念。
64.G句意:当然,两个指示牌都告诉人们这个男孩是盲人。此处是指前面提到两个版本的指示牌。
65.E【句意:但是这个男孩不能喜欢因为他是盲人。分析句子结构可知后面接的是一个句子,故用连词。
 (2018•广西河池)B. 选词填空:根据下面短文,用方框中选择单词,根据实际情况用其正确形式填空,使短文意思完整、通顺,每空一词,每词只能用一次。
without  upset  letter  until  live Some yeas ago, a big fire burned down a large part of a city. Lots of houses were broken. A rich lady met a little boy in the street. She called him and said, “ Take this box, my boy, and do not lose it (81)______ I see you again.”
The boy took the box, and the lady turned back to search for something else. Just then many people were running around, and they couldn’t see each other.
That night, the lady (82) ______ in a friend’s home outside the city. The next day she looked for the boy everywhere, but she couldn’t hear anything of him. There were some very important (83)______ and all of her treasures in the box. The lady was very (84) _______ because of losing them.
On the following night, someone found the boy lying on the ground with the box at a corner. He had been there for a long time (85) ________ food. The boy was almost dead with hunger, but he never thought of leaving the box.
体裁记叙文话题故事词数181【主旨大意】本文是一篇记叙文,讲述的是在一场大火中,一个小男孩信守承诺,不顾个人安危,忍受饥饿为一个有钱的女士守护她的箱子的故事
81. until 【解析】 根据下文“someone found the boy lying on the ground with the box at a corner (有人在一个角落里发现了这个男孩躺在地上,拿着个箱子”可知句意为:我的孩子,拿着这个箱子,在我再次看到你之前不要把它给丢了。固定用法:not… until…意为“直到……才……”。故填连词until,意为“直到……为止”。
82. lived  【解析】句意:那天晚上这位女士住在城市外面的一个朋友的家里。联系上下文讲述的是过去发生的事情,动词都用的是一般过去时。故填动词live的过去式lived。
83. letters 【解析】句意:在这个箱子里有一些非常重要的信,并且她所有的财产都在里面。由句中的“there were”以及“some”可知要用名词的复数。故填letters,意为“信”。
84. upset 【解析】句意:这位女士因为丢失了它们非常难过。故填形容词upset,意为“苦恼的;难过的”。
85. without  【解析】联系下文中的“was almost dead with hunger”,可知句意为:他在那里已经等了很长时间,没有吃任何食物。 故填介词without,意为“没有”。
 
(2018•四川资阳)从方框中选择单词,并用其正确形式填空,然后将答案写到答题卡相应的位置上。每词限用一次。
many    year     but  great      many      be       also       how      collect      till
Confucius (孔子) was born in the state of Lu in 551 B.C. His father died three  66  after he was born, leaving the family poor.  67  Confucius worked very hard and received a fine education. He was a good and obedient (听话的) son to his mother. He  68  at the age of 19 and had one son and two daughters.
Confucius was a  69  thinker and educator in ancient China. He made  70  wise sayings that helped people learn about nature, the world, and the human behavior (行为). He helped the government officers by teaching them lessons on  71  to rule their states successfully. He had many students. He taught them to  72  honest and kind, and to respect their parents. He  73  taught them that a good man never lets himself get angry. Many of his saying are  74  in a book called Lunyu.
For years he travelled from state to state spreading his ideas. His thoughts (思想)  influence China  75  today.
体裁记叙文话题名人词数176【主旨大意】本文介绍了孔子的生平。
66. years 本句表达的是:孔子出生后三年,他的父亲就去世了。前面有数字three故用复数形式years。
67. But前面提到了父亲去世、家境贫寒,这是不幸,而本句说孔子努力学习、接收了良好的教育,是语意转折,所以应用but表示转折。
68. married后半句提到他有一个儿子、两个女儿,故该句为“他在十九岁结婚……”,所以此空应表示“结婚”,并用过去式。
69. great本句表达的是:孔子是中国古代著名的思想家与教育家。
70. many本句表达的是:孔子写了许多能帮助人们了解自然、世界、人类行为的名言。
71. how本句表达的是:孔子通过教政府官员一些如何成功管理国家的经验来帮助他们。
72. be空格后面的honest为形容词,前面有to,所以此空应用系动词原形be。
73. also前句出现了taught,本句又出现了taught,所以用also。
74. collected本句表达的是:孔子的许多名言被收集在《论语》中。本句为被动语态,谓语动词应用过去分词形式。
75. till上文叙述“多年来他周游列国到处传播他的思想”可知,本句表达的是:他的思想影响中国至今。
(2018•四川自贡)第一节:短文填空 (共10小题,每小题1分, 满分10分)
将下列单词的适当形式填入空格。 每空限填一词,每词只能用一次。
he  that  and  keep  right  at   sudden   shake   other   sevenJeremy became a hero. He got to drive the school bus after the driver got ill ____71___. He successfully guided his school bus to the side of the road safely ____72____ saved fifteen students’ lives.
Jeremy is a ____73____ grade student from a middle school in Milton, Wash. ____74___ that time, Jeremy noticed the driver _____75_____ just as the bus started entering Surprise Lake Middle School. Some students ____76____ shouting “Oh, my god!” and “Call 911! Call!” when they realized that the bus was out of control. ____77____ cried, “Stop the bus!” Jeremy rushed to the driver and turned the steering wheel(方向盘) to move the bus to the side of the road. The bus slowly came to a stop.
“I was just thinking ____78____ I didn’t want to die,” Jeremy said, “I turned the steering wheel to the _____79____ side of the road. I stopped the bus.” “I’ll give the kid credit(荣誉) for fast thinking. He did the right thing and we’re going to do something for _____80____ because he is brave.” Milton Police Chief Bill Rhodes told ABC news.

体裁记叙文话题故事词数183【主旨大意】本文主要叙述了在上学路上,司机突然生病了,Jeremy成功地把校车安全地引导到路边,救了15个学生的生命。
71.suddenly【解析】句意:司机    生病以后他开着校车。分析句子结构,此处缺少副词修饰got。根据句意可知,司机生病是不可预料的,因此结合备选词汇可知是“突然地”生病。所以“sudden”的副词形式“suddenly”填在这里符合语境。故填suddenly.
72.and【解析】句意:他成功地把校车安全地引导到路边,      救了十五个学生的命。分析句子结构可知此处缺少连词,分析前后句句意可知这两个句子的发生是顺承关系。故填and.
73.seventh【解析】句意:杰里米是弥尔顿一所中学的       学生。根据句意可知空处应该填写数词表示“几年级”的学生,需用序数词。所以“seven”的序数词形式“seventh”填在这里符合语境。故填seventh.
74.At【解析】句意:     那一刻,杰里米注意到司机     就在公共汽车开始进入Surprise Lake中学时。根据句意可知此处指的是在那一刻,at that time为固定短语,意为在那一刻。故填At.
75.shaking 【解析】句意:在那一刻,杰里米注意到司机     就在公共汽车进入Surprise Lake中学时。根据句意及备选项可知杰里米注意到司机正在发抖。感官动词notice sb. doing sth.注意到某人正在做某事。故填shaking。
76.kept【解析】句意:一些学生       大喊着:“哦,我的天哪!”和“打911!快打!”分析句子结构可知,此处缺少动词。根据句意及备选项可知一些学生一直喊叫。keep doing sth.为固定短语,意为一直在做某事,因为叙述的是过去的事,所以用过去式,“keep”的过去式“kept”填在这里符合语境。故填kept。
77.Others【解析】句意:当他们意识到汽车要失去控制时,    喊叫,“停车!”分析句子结构可知,此处缺少主语。根据上一句Some students...可推断出其固定搭配Some...Others...一些...另一些...。故填Others。
78.that【解析】句意:我仅仅在考虑,我不能死。根据前后两个句子的关系,空白处是引导宾语从句的引导词。根据语境以及备选项可知that符合题意,故填that。
79.right【解析】句意:我把方向盘转到了路的      。分析句子结构可知,此处缺少名词。根据句意以及备选项可知是将车停在路的右边。故填right。
80.him【解析】句意:他做了正确的事,我们要为      做些什么,因为他很勇敢。根据句意以及备选项可知是为“他”做些什么,for 是介词后接宾语。故填him。

(2018•新疆)Ⅸ. 短文填空(本题共10小题,每小题1分,共计10分)
根据短文内容,在每个空格处填写一个适当的词,使文章意思完整且符合逻辑。(每空一词)
attention  study  developed  easier  after  everywhere  most  an  countries  beforeRecently, a very simple sentence, “Amazing, my motherland” has become widely known in China. As we know, China has   86   quickly these years and it has become one of the   87   important countries in the world. Foreigners pay more   88   to this ancient eastern country—China.
    Lily, an Australian girl, has lived in China since three years ago. She is   89   in a university in Nanjing now. Great changes make her amazed. “I think finding jobs is   90   in China than that in Australia. I will work here   91   I finish my school work in Nanjing.” Lily said.
    In Nanjing, we can find new buildings   92  . The great changes are much more than   93  . The achievement is so surprising. China is developing the trade and the friendship with other   94  . China is playing   95   important role in the world.
体裁说明文话题社会行为词数142【主旨大意】本文主要介绍了近年来中国所发生的巨大变化,中国在世界上正发挥着越来越重要的作用。
86. developed  由助动词has可知,此处应用动词的过去分词构成现在完成时态。结合句意及所给词汇可知应填过去分词developed。
87. most  “one of+形容词最高级+名词复数”表示“最……中的一个”,是固定句式;important是多音节形容词,其最高级前面应用most。
88. attention  pay attention to注意,是固定搭配。attention是不可数名词,故填名词原形。
89. studying  由系动词is及时间状语now可知,Lily正在南京一所大学学习。本句是现在进行时态,故填现在分词studying。
90. easier  由前面的系动词is及后面表比较的than可知,此处应用形容词比较级作表语。故填形容词比较级easier。
91. after  由前句I think finding jobs is   90   in China than that in Australia.及上下文语境可推知,Lily认为在中国找工作更容易,所以她打算毕业之后在南京工作。故填连词after。
92. everywhere  由后句The great changes are much more than   93  .可推知,南京处处都发生了变化。故填副词everywhere。
93. before  由前句In Nanjing, we can find new buildings   92  .可推知,与以前相比,现在的南京变化更大。故填before。
94. countries  形容词other后跟名词复数形式。结合所给词汇可知应填复数名词countries。
95. an  playing an important role发挥一个重要的作用,是固定搭配。

(2018•江西)B)请先阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后用方框中所给词的适当形式填空,并将答案填写到答题卡的相应位置。每个词限用一次。(每小题1分)


   The planet Mars is the closet and most similar planet to Earth. It is very __51__ to scientists. For example,Mars has seasons with__52_weather,but other planets have the same temperatures all year round. Was there __53___ on Mars?
  To find out,scientists need __54___if Mars ever had water. In 2004,two robot explorers(探测器),or 'rovers',called Spirit and Opportunity were sent to look for __55___of water. These rovers can drive over rocks_56___all kinds of rough ground. They can drive over rocks__56___all kinds of rough ground. They can also use cameras and send photos__57___to Earth. First,the two rovers found chemicals and patterns(图纹)in the rocks that were probably made by water. Then,they moved to another area and __58___other rocks which may have been created by water. Now scientists think there was probably water on the planet long ago. Today__59__are still not sure if there was life on Mars. They __60__ need more information to decide. The discoveries of the two rovers answered some old questions,but they also brought up many new ones.
体裁说明文话题科普知识词数164
【主旨大意】本文是一篇说明文。火星与地球非常相似,火星有不同天气的季节,本文主要探索火星上是否有生命,科学家们的探索解决一些老问题,也带来许多新问题。
51. interesting【解析】句意:这对科学家来说是非常____。分析句子结构可知此处缺少形容词被副词very修饰,结合备选词汇可知interesting符合语境,意为“有趣的”。故填interesting。  
52. different【解析】句意:例如,火星有____天气的季节。分析句子结构可知此处缺少形容词修饰名词weather,根据下文but other planets have the same temperatures all year round. 中的but…same…及备选词汇可知,此处是与其它星球作对比。故填different。
53. life【解析】句意:在火星上有____吗?分析句子结构可知此处是there be的一般疑问句结构,缺少谓语(单数可数名词);根据下文及备选词汇可知,有水的地方才有生命,故填life。  
54. to know【解析】句意:为了找到答案,科学家们需要____火星是否有水。习惯用法:need to do sth. 需要做某事,此处缺少动词不定式,结合备选词汇可知to know符合语境,要知道火星上是否有生命要先知道火星上是否有水。故填to know。
55. signs【解析】句意:在2004,两个机器人探索器,或“流浪者”,被称为精神和机会被送往寻找水的____。 分析句子结构可知此处缺少名词作介词for的宾语,结合备选词汇可知sign的复数signs符合语境,意为“迹象,痕迹”。故填signs。
56. and【解析】句意:这些流浪者可以穿越岩石____各种崎岖不平的地面上。分析句子结构可知此处缺少连词,连接两名词rocks和all kinds of rough ground. 作drive over的宾语,结合备选词汇及句意,故填and。
57. back【解析】句意:他们还可以使用相机___照片发送___地球。习惯用法:send sth. back to把某物送回……,结合备选词汇及句意,故填back。
58. found【解析】句意:然后,他们搬到另一个地区,____了其他可能是由水造成的岩石。分词句子结构可知此处缺少谓语动词与moved to another area并列,前后时态一致;根据上文First,the two rovers found…及备选词汇可知find的一般过去时结构found符合语境,故填found。
59. they【解析】句意:今天____仍然不确定火星上是否有生命。分析句子结构可知此处缺少主语,根据上下文及备选词汇可知,此处用they代指上文“scientists”,故填they。
60. really【解析】句意:他们____需要一些信息来决定。分析句子结构可知此处缺少副词修饰动词need,结合备选词汇可知real的副词really符合语境,故填really。

(2018山东菏泽)四、综合填空(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
阅读下面短文,用方框内所给词汇的适当形式填空,使短文语义完整。
deep  reason  another  never  kind  however  throw  waste  than  without
Once upon a time, there was a man called Yue Yangzi in Henan who had a  61  wife. One day, Yue picked up a piece of gold. Gladly, he rushed back home to show it to his wife.  62 , his wife   said, “I hear that a good man doesn’t drink the water of Dao Spring(盗泉) and wouldn’t pick up the things others lost.  He would rather die  63  eat food given by the people who disrespect him. “ Yue was very shamed after hearing his wife’s words and  64  the gold off into the fields and went to study in a far place.
One year later, Yue came back home. His wife asked him the  65  for his return. Yue said, “I was homesick and miss you very much.”
Hearing this, his wife took up a pair of scissors and walked to the loom (织布机),saying, “To make cloth, I weave(织) the cloth with one after  66  silk thread inch by inch. If I cut the cloth with the scissors, all my efforts are  67 .  Studying is also like this. You should get knowledge every day  68  stopping.”
Yue Yangzi was  69  moved by his wife’s words. Then he went back to his studies. This story reminds us  70  to give up halfway.
体裁记叙文话题故事词数225【主旨大意】本文是一篇记叙文,叙述了乐羊子的妻子通过志士不饮盗泉水水的古训告诉丈夫不要贪图不属于自己的财物;然后又通过断机杼的行动,激励丈夫坚持学业,不可半途而废的故事
61. kind 62. However 63. than 64. threw 65. reason 66. another 67. wasted 68. without  69. deeply  70. never
III. Complete the following passage with the words in the box. Each can be used only once(将下列词填入空格。每空格限填一词,每词只能填一次)(共8分)

A)downstairs   B )discovered    C)answered    D)invitation     E)advantage

(2018•上海中考)Everything went black! All the lights in our flat turned off, including the TV. Mum took out the candles and Dad went to see what was going on. One_ 46__of living in a tall building is that you always have help nearby. So I went to our next-door neighbour, Mr.Smith. With a candle in his hand, Mr. Smith_ 47__the door. Uh-oh! He didn’t have lights, either. I _ 48__that all the buildings in our neighbourhood were dark. Our neighbours went _ 49__and began chatting outside. They were not worried at all.

A)event   B)cause    C)correctly     D)frightening     E)suddenly
(2018•上海中考)Then we heard a _ 50___  sound after a bright flash of lightning.
It started to rain heavily in no time. In order to get some information, Mr Smith turned on the battery-powered radio. The weatherman said that the storm was the _ 51__ of all the problems. It hit a tower at the power station before the first flash of lightning. That was the reason why the lights_ 52__went out before the rain came. Finally, the lights came back. We cheered loudly. The _ 53___ made it possible for the neighbours to have a chance to be together.

体裁记叙文话题人际关系词数185【主旨大意】本文是一篇记叙文,主要向我们阐述由于风暴而导致一整座大楼没电的夜晚,作者以及邻居通过在一起聊天从而感到不担心,并通过这事件大家可以在一起。
46. E【解析】句意:住在高楼大厦的一个好处是你总是在附近得到帮助。根据空前one可知此处要用名词,再结合句意可知选E。
47. C【解析】句意:史密斯先生手里拿着一支蜡烛,应了门。分析句子结构可知此处欠缺的是谓语动词,再结合前面的I went to our next-door neighbour(我去到了隔壁的邻居).可知此处表示应门。
48. B【解析】句意:我发现我们周围的所有大楼都是黑暗的。分析句子结构可知此处欠缺谓语动词,再结合句意可知选项B符合题意。
49. A【解析】句意:我们的邻居下楼,并开始在外面聊天。根据前面提到住在flat里,再结合后面的chat outside可知此处表示下楼,故选A。
50. D【解析】句意:然后,我们听到一道明亮的闪电后发出了可怕的声音。分析句子结构可知此处是修饰名词sound要用形容词形式,而sound是表示物的名词,故用动词的-ing形式来修饰。
51. B【解析】句意:气象员说,风暴是造成所有问题的原因。根据下文的That was the
reason why...提示可知此处是表示因由,故选B。
52. E【解析】句意: 这就是为什么在下雨之前,灯突然熄灭了。分析句子结构可知这里要
用副词,再结合句意可知选项E符合题意。
53. A【解析】句意:这一事件使邻国有可能有机会在一起。根据结构可知空前有冠词,这里要用名词充当主语,此处是指前面提到的事件,故选A。

(2018•湖北随州)七、短文填空(本题共10分,每小题1分)
  从方框中选择适当的单词,并用其适当的形式完成短文,每词只能用一次,每空一词。
unless  come     one      even  he  animal  use  read     tradition     exciteIn November 1979, pupils in England were able to watch a new TV program called Monkey. Most of them were hearing this story for the  76  time. However, this story is not new to Chinese children. The Monkey King or Sun Wukong is the main character in the  77  Chinese book Journey to the West.
The Monkey King is not just say any normal monkey. In fact, he sometimes dose not  78   look like a monkey! This is because he can make 72 changes to his shape and size, turning himself into different  79  and objects. But  80  he can hide his tail, he cannot turn himself into a man. To fight bad people, the Monkey King  81  a magic stick. Sometimes he can make the stick so small that he can keep it in  82  ear. At other times, he is able to make it big and long.
The Monkey King has  83  the children of China for many years. And as soon as the TV program  84  out more than 30 years ago, Western children became interested in  85  this story because the clever Monkey King keeps fighting to help the weak and never gives up.
76.first            77.traditional         78.even     79.animals     80.unless.
81.uses         82.his             83.excited     84.came     85.reading.
V. (2018•湖北黄石)短文填空(每小题1分,共10分)
从方框中选择适当的词并用其正确形式填空,使短文完整、通顺。每空只填一词(有两
词多余)
mistake     if      themselves      unless      listen      key
 find        be     interesting       wisely      active     come Research shows that successful learners have some good habits in common.
Good learners often connect what they need to learn with something   71  . Studies show that if you are interested in something, your brain is more   72   and it is also easier for you to pay attention to it for a long time. For example, if they need to learn English and they like music or sports, they can   73   to English songs or watch sports programs in English.
Good learners think about what they   74   good at and what they need to practice more. Even if you learn something well, you will forget it   75   you use it. “Practice makes perfect.”Good learners will keep practicing what they have learned, and they are not afraid of making   76  .
Good learners usually choose the best way of the following methods when they study. For example, they may take notes by writing down   77   words or by drawing mind maps. They also look for ways to review what they have learned. They may do this by explaining the information to   78  .
Good learners often ask questions during or after class. They even ask each other and try to find out the answers. Knowledge   79   from questioning.
Learning is a lifelong journey because every day brings something new. Everything that you learn becomes a part of you and changes you, so learn   80    and learn well.
题材论文话题语言学习的策略词数235【主旨大意】
文章描述了成功的学习者共同拥有的一些好习惯。
71. interesting  考查形容词的用法。句意:好的学习者经常把他们需要学习的东西与     东西联系起来。 结合下句“研究表明,如果你对某件事感兴趣,你的大脑就会更活跃,而且你很容易在很长一段时间内注意到它”可知,此处应该填一个形容词“有趣的”,用来修饰something,故填interesting。
72. active  考查形容词的用法。结合上题解析,故填形容词active“活跃的”,作表语。
73. listen  考查动词的用法。句意:他们可以     英文歌曲或观看英语体育节目。情态动词can后加动词原形,结合语境故填listen。
74. are  考查be动词的用法。句意:好的学习者会思考他们擅长什么,以及他们需要多加练习什么。be good at… 擅长……,they作主语,故填are。
75. unless  考查连词的用法。句意:即使某些东西你学得很好,你也会忘记,    你使用它。unless除非,如果不,符合题意。
76. mistakes  考查名词的用法。句意:好的学习者会继续练习他们所学到的东西,他们不怕
       ,make mistakes犯错,是固定短语,故填mistakes。
77. key  考查形容词的用法。句意:例如,他们可以通过写下     词或绘制思维导图来做笔记。key words关键词,符合题意。
78. themselves  考查反身代词的用法。句意:他们可以通过把信息解释给   来做到这一点。themselves他们自己,符合题意。
79. comes  考查动词的用法。句意: 知识来自质疑。Knowledge作主语,谓语动词用单数第三人称,故填comes。
80. wisely【解析】考查副词的用法。 and连接两个并列成分,前后结构应该保持一致,因此应填一个副词来修饰动词learn,故填wisely。
(2018•甘肃武威) VII. 任务型完形填空(共10空;每空1分,满分10分)
用方框中所给单词或短语的适当形式填空,使短文通顺、正确、连贯,每个单词或短语限用一次。
first,   only,   use,   it,   dream of,   another,   speak,   with,   sea,   easyEnglish
World Language
Once people   1   a language that everybody in the world could understand. Now, for the
  2   time in human history, perhaps there is one— English. It is the official language in more than 50 countries and 250-300 million people   3   it as a second language. Some say that half the world will be speaking it in the year 2050.
Difficult to Master?
English is not the   4   language to learn —most of its common verbs are irregular and it has a large vocabulary—at least 200,000 words are in common use.
User-friendly
But some things make   5   easy. For example, nouns don’t have gender(性别) and the usages of verbs are simpler than other languages. There is   6   one form to speak to someone
directly—“you”. Adjectives don’t agree   7   nouns, and many nouns are often also verbs.
English Is Everywhere
Some other languages may have more speakers, like Chinese. But English   8   in many different areas. It is the language of transport: most airline pilots and air-traffic controllers use it. At   9   English is the international language of communication.
The Future of English
What is the future of English as a global language? Will   10   language ever replace it?
Many think not —it is already too popular.
体裁说明文话题语言与文化词数212【主旨大意】
本文是一篇说明文。介绍了英语的几个特征:世界性语言、难学之处、易学之处、遍地都是英语以及英语的未来。
1. dreamed of 人们曾经梦想有一种世界上每个人都能听懂的语言,dream of梦想,once意为曾经,因此要用一般过去时。
2. first 现在在人类历史上第一次有了这样的语言——英语,第一次for the first time。
3. speak 它是50多个国家的官方语言,有2.5—3亿人把它作为第二语言说,speak说。
4. easiest 英语不是最容易学的语言,下面列举了它的难学之处,前面有the,用最高级更通顺。
5. it 一些事情让它容易,此处it代指英语。
6. only 直接与人说话只有一种形式—you,only仅仅,只。
7. with 形容词与名词不一致,并且很多名词也是动词,agree with与……一致。
8. is used 但是英语在很多不同的地区被使用,is used是被动形式,被使用。
9. sea 在海上,英语是一种交流的国际语言。上一句介绍英语在航空方面的应用,这儿介绍
在海上,at sea在海上。
10. another 另外一种语言将会取代它吗?another另外的。

四、综合填空(共20空,每空1.5分,计30分)
                                (2018•山东德州)A
  阅读下面的短文,根据短文内容,从下面方框内所给11个词中选择10个意义相符的词,必要时进行词性变化,填入空白处,每空一词。

 
Most people would stay away from bees while meeting them. However, if your goal(目标)is to grow a beautiful and productive(丰收的)garden, you will want to bring on bees.
  How to attract(吸引)bees?
  Plant! Plant! Plant! Plant not only vegetables but also colorful flowers. Bees are attracted by colors and purple, yellow, white and blue are__51__favorites. If possible, you should be __52__to plant different flowers for bees to choose from. Be sure to plant some flowers in__53__areas. Bees like warm and bright places__54___than cool and dark ones.
  Another part of learning__55__to attract bees is to always leave a place for wild grass or flowers near your garden. This is where bees can live comfortably and___56__. You can also design a bee house___57__the bees to live. To do this, you can use several__58___of bamboo tied together. Place the house close to the ground___59__bees prefer living close to the ground. Preparing such a place can make sure that they will enjoy and__60__want to leave.
  Be sure to leave water around for them to drink. Once the bees are there and active you will have a fruitful garden.
体裁说明文话题自然词数178【主旨大意】本文是一篇说明文。主要介绍如何吸引蜜蜂。
51.their【解析】句意:蜜蜂被颜色吸引,紫色、黄色、白色和蓝色是____最爱。分析句子结构可知此处缺少形容词/形容词性物主代词修饰名词favorites,结合备选词汇可知they的形容词性物主代词their符合语境,代指“蜜蜂们”。故填their。
52.careful【解析】句意:如果可能的话,你应该____种植不同的花朵供蜜蜂选择。分析句子结构可知此处缺少形容词与be构成系表结构,根据下文Be sure to plant some flowers in_53__areas.可推知,选择种花的地点要仔细。结合备选词汇可知care的形容词careful符合语境,故填careful。  
53.sunny【解析】句意:务必在____地区种植一些花。分析句子结构可知此处缺少形容词修饰名词areas,根据下文Bees like warm and bright places…及备选词汇可知,sun的形容词sunny符合语境,意为“阳光充足的”。故填sunny.
54.better【解析】句意:蜜蜂喜欢温暖明亮的地方____凉爽的和阴暗的地方。根据句中than可知,此处缺少比较级。结合备选词汇可知well的比较级better符合语境,蜜蜂更喜欢温暖和明亮的地方。故填better。
55.how【解析】句意:学习____吸引蜜蜂的另一个部分是在花园附近留下一片野草或鲜花的地方。分析句子结构可知此处缺少宾语从句连接词,根据第二段How to attract (吸引)bees?及备选词汇可知how符合语境,故填how。  
56.happily【解析】句意:这就是蜜蜂可以舒适____生活的地方。分析句子结构可知此处缺少副词与comfortably并列,修饰动词live;结合备选词汇可知happy的副词happily符合语境,故填happily。
57.for【解析】句意:你也可以为蜜蜂设计一个蜂房。根据句意及备选词汇可知for符合语境,意为“为…”。故填for。
58.pieces【解析】句意:要做到这一点,你可以用几块竹子绑在一起。习惯用法:a piece of一块,一篇,由several可知要用复数形式,故填pieces。
59.because【解析】句意:把房子靠近地面,____蜜蜂喜欢住在离地面很近的地方。分析句子结构可知,空前是祈使句,空后也是完整的句子,此处缺少连词连接句子,结合备词汇及句意可知because符合语境,故填because。
60.never【解析】句意:准备这样一个地方可以确保他们快乐和___不想离开。分析句子结构可知,此处缺少副词修饰动词want;结合备选词汇可知never符合语境,蜜蜂过的快乐,永远都不想离开。故填never。
             (2018•山东德州) B
   阅读下面的短文,根据短文内容,从下面方框内所给11个动词中选择10个意义相符的词,必要时进行词性变化(可添加助动词或者情态动词),填入空白处。


    Once upon a time, a father and his son were walking from one town to another. While they__61___, they happened to pass by a river. They were tired and stopped there__62__. Then the father asked his son to get him some water from the river.
  Then the son walked to the riverside and he__63__some women washing clothes there. Right at that moment, a bullock cart(牛车) started crossing the river. As a result, the water became very dirty. "I mustn't take the dirty water to my father," he thought. So he came back and said, "Look, father. A bullock cart__64__the river now, so the water is dirty and it can't be drunk." Father said nothing.
  After a while, the son__65___to get some water again by his father. The water was still dirty, but he didn't go back. He thought, "My father is so thirsty.I__66___back clean water this time, even though it will take me a long time." Then he sat there, waiting until the water was clean. He collected some in a bowl and took it back.
  "Oh, you are back at last.I__67___for you for almost half an hour," Father said. After__68___the water, he looked up at his son and said, "Now,___69___about what made the water clean. You let it be and the water became clean on its own. It is also the same with your mind. When it is disturbed(打扰),just let it be, and it will calm down on its own."
  The son thought for a while and said, "Thank you, Father. I__70___this forever."
  We can make best decisions when we stay calm.
体裁记叙文话题家庭,朋友及周围的人词数233【主旨大意】
本文是一篇记叙文。主要讲述父亲和儿子在旅途休息取水的故事,以此告诉我们:当我们保持冷静时,我们可以做出最好的决定。
【词汇分析】
see  cross drink travel ask remember clean wait take rest think
see v. 看到→seeing(现在分词)→saw(过去式/过去分词)→to see(动词不定式)
cross v. 经过,穿过→crossing(现在分词)→crossed(过去式/过去分词)→to cross(动词不定式)
drink v. 喝→drinking(现在分词)→drank(过去式)→drunk(过去分词)→to drink(动词不定式)
travel v. 旅行→traveling/travelling(现在分词)→traveled(过去式/过去分词)→to travel(动词不定式)
ask v. 问→asking(现在分词)→asked(过去式/过去分词)→to ask(动词不定式)
remember v. 看到→remembering(现在分词)→remembered(过去式/过去分词)→to remember(动词不定式)
clean v. 清洗,清洁→cleaning(现在分词)→cleaned(过去式/过去分词)→to clean(动词不定式)
wait v. 等待→waiting(现在分词)→waited(过去式/过去分词)→to wait(动词不定式)
take v. 拿走,带走→taking(现在分词)→took(过去式)→taken(过去分词)→to take(动词不定式)
rest v. 休息→resting(现在分词)→rested(过去式/过去分词)→to rest(动词不定式)
think v. 想,思考→thinking(现在分词)→thought(过去式/过去分词)→to think(动词不定式)61.were traveling/were travelling【解析】句意:当他们____的时候,他们碰巧经过一条河。根据上文…walking from one town to another.及备选词汇可知travel符合语境,while引导的时间状语从句,主语用一般过去时,从句用过去进行时。故填were traveling/were travelling
62.to rest【解析】句意:他们累了,停在那里____。 根据句意及备选词汇可知,他们累了,停下来修饰,动词不定式表目的。故填to rest。
63.saw【解析】句意:儿子走到河边,____一些妇女在那里洗衣服。习惯用法:see sb. doing sth.看到某人正在做某事,and并列,前后时态一致,要用一般过去时。故填saw。
64.is crossing【解析】句意:一辆牛车____河里,所以水很脏,不能喝。根据上文…a bullock(牛车)started crossing the river. 及备选词汇可知cross符合语境,引述别人的话要用现在时,由now及句意可知要用现在进行时。故填is crossing。
65.was asked【解析】句意:过了一会儿,儿子又被父亲叫去取水了。根据第一段最后一句Then the father asked his son to get him some water from the river. 及备选词汇可知ask符合语境,根据上下文时态可知要用一般过去时,主语the son与ask之间是被动关系,主语the son是单数,故填was asked。
66.must take【解析】句意:这次我____干净的水,尽管这需要很长时间。习惯用法:take back带回,取回,根据上文My father is so thirsty.可推知,父亲非常口渴,这次我一定要带回水。故填must take。
67.have waited【解析】句意:我等了你将近半个小时。固定搭配:wait for sb.等待某人,引述别人的话要用现在时,由时间状语for almost half an hour可知要用现在完成时。故填have waited。
68.drinking【解析】句意:喝完水后,他抬起头看着儿子。习惯用法:drink water喝水,主语he与drink之间是主动关系,要用现在分词表伴随,故填drinking。
69.think【解析】句意:现在,____是什么使水变干净了。固定搭配:think about考虑,思考,祈使句要用动词原形,故填think。
70.will remember【解析】句意:我永远_____这。根据上下文可知,作者将会永远记住(冷静等待的内涵)。故填will remember。
(2018•山东济宁) 六、完型填空(共7小题,计7分)
阅读下面短文,从方框中选择适当的词语填空,方框中有两个词语为多余选项。
rule; none; again; note; first; directly; another;  set out; gave up      One day, a student asked his teacher. “What is greed?” The teacher didn’t answer his question   1   , but asked the student to walk through the chocolate factory next to their school and pick out the biggest chocolate bar (条;块) he could find. But there was a   2   : as he
passed through the factory, he could not turn back.
      The student went to the chocolate factory. As he walked, he saw a large chocolate bar. He liked it, but thought he might be able to find an even bigger one if he kept going.
    He kept waking and saw   3   chocolate bar. This one was a little bigger. But   4   , he thought he could find an even bigger one if he kept going. As he neared the end of the factory,
he saw fewer chocolate bars, and   5   of them were as large as the earlier ones. He started to
regret his decision to keep going. Finally he   6   . He went back to his teacher empty-handed
and explained what bad happened.
     The teacher told him. “You liked the   7   chocolate bar. but you kept looking for a bigger one. And later, you realized that you had given up the best chocolate bar because you thought you could do better. That is called greed.”
    1. directly  2. rule  3. another  4. again  5. none 6. gave up 7. first

体裁记叙文话题故事词数226【主旨大意】本文是一篇记叙文。文章讲述的是一位老师让学生结合“去捡拾最大的巧克力”这一游戏经历,去亲身体会什么是真正的贪婪。文章告诉我们:要学会珍惜眼前的幸福和美好,不要这山望着那山高,有时过分贪婪,最终可能一无所有、一败涂地。
1. directly【解析】根据下文“but asked the student to walk through the chocolate factory next
 to their school and pick out the biggest chocolate bar he could find”可知:老师却让学生走过学校旁边的巧克力工厂,去捡拾他能找到的最大的巧克力。故推断句意为:老师并没有直接问答学生所提的问题。故用副词directly,意为“直接地”。
2. rule【解析】联系下文“as he passed through the factory,  he could not turn back”,可推断:在他路过工厂的行程中,他不能回头,这应该是这个游戏的一项“规定”,故用名词rule,意为“制度;规则”。
3. another【解析】联系上文“he saw a large chocolate bar. He liked it, but thought he might be able
 to find an even bigger one if he kept going”可知:他认为自己接着走下去,可能会找到一块更大的巧克力,就没有捡拾一开始看到的大巧克力。故推断句意为:他继续走着,看到了另一块巧克力。故用代词another,意为“三者或三者以上当中的另一个”。
4. again【解析】联系上文“thought he might be able to find an even bigger one if he kept
 going”,可知句意为:但是他再次认为如果他继续走下去,他可能会找到更大的巧克力。故填副词again,意为“又;再”。
5. none【解析】联系下文“He started to regret his decision to keep going”可知:他开始后悔他继续走下去寻找更大的巧克力的决定,故判断句意为:他越靠近工厂的尽头,他看到的巧克力越少,并且它们当中没有一个和起初的巧克力一样大。故填代词none,意为“没有一个”。
6. gave up【解析】联系下文“He went back to his teacher empty-handed and explained what bad
 happened”可知:他两手空空地回到老师身旁,解释发生了什么不好的事情。故判断句意为:最后他放弃了。故用动词短语give up,意为“灰心;放弃”。
7. first【解析】联系下文“you realized that you had given up the best chocolate bar”可知:你后来意识到你已经放弃了最好的巧克力。故判断句意为:你喜欢第一块巧克力,但是你一直想要再找一块更大的。故填形容词first,意为“最初的”。
(2018•山东临沂) C
根据短文内容,从方框中选出恰当的单词或短语填空,使语意通顺完整。第一个方框供41—45小题选用,第二个方框供46—50小题选用。每个选项只能使用一次,每框有一项剩余。
A. since      B. speakers     C. our     D. until     E. included     F. expresses(2018•山东临沂) He was a poet (诗人) known for the nostalgia (怀旧) he describes in his poems. Now, it’s time for us to express   41   nostalgia for this great writer.
On December 14, 2017, the famous Chinese poet Yu Guangzhong passed away in Taiwan. He was born in 1928 in Nanjing, Jiangsu. Yu and his family moved to Taiwan in the 1950s. He lived and worked there   42   his death.
Nostalgia is Yu’s famous poem in which he  43  his homesickness (乡愁) for the Chinese mainland when he was in Taiwan. The poem came out in 1971, and it remains highly popular among Chinese  44  worldwide. Even those who know little about literature enjoy lines from the poem. The poem is  45  in Chinese high school textbooks.

A. translated   B. writing   C. stick to   D. achievements   E. give up   F. successful(2018•山东临沂) Besides his  46  in poems, Yu was also a  47  translator (翻译家), essay writer and critic.
He once  48  English poet Siegfried Sassoon’s poem In Me, Past, Present, Future Meet into Chinese. It is regarded as a perfect and powerful translation, in which the most famous line is “心有猛虎, 细嗅蔷薇” for “In me the tiger sniffs the rose”.
Yu spent his whole life  49  . In a 2015 interview with People’ Daily, he said, “The reason why I   50   writing till today is my passion (热爱) for the Chinese language. ”He then added that his love for his mother and his motherland made this passion stronger.
答案:41.________    42.________        43.________        44.________        45.________
      46.________    47.________        48.________        49.________        50.________

体裁说明文话题人物故事词数266【主旨大意】“乡愁诗人”余光中在台湾去世,他的著名诗歌《乡愁》,在海内外华人间广为传诵。他不仅在诗歌方面卓有成就,而且在翻译和散文等方面也很成功。
41. C 句意:对我们来说,是该表达我们对这位伟大的作家怀念之时。分析句子结构可知,此处填一个形容词或相当于形容词的词。由上文for us可推理是“表达我们的怀念”。
42. D句意:他住在和工作那里直到他去世。分析句子结构可知此处填介词,根据句意可知填until。
43.F句意:《乡愁》是余光中著名的诗,表达了他在台湾时对大陆恋恋不舍的一份情怀。分析句子结构可知填动词。文章有“表达乡愁”之意。
44. B 句意:这首诗1971年出版,它在中外华人中广泛流传。
45. E 句意:这首诗被选入高中语文教材。

46. D 句意:除了他在诗词方面的成就外,余光中也是一位成功的翻译家,散文家和评论家。
47. F句意:除了他在诗词方面的成就外,余光中也是一位成功的翻译家,散文家和评论家。
48. A 句意:余光中把英国诗人西格夫里•萨松的诗《于我,过去,现在以及未来 》翻译成汉语。translate…into…把……翻译成……
49. B句意:余光中一生笔耕不辍。spend...(in) doing sth.做某事花费……。
50. C 句意:直到今天我没有放弃写作的原因是我对汉语的热爱。give up doing sth.放弃做某事。
C.(2018•山东青岛中考)选择恰当的单词填空。每词限用一次。(有两个多余的选项)(10分)
something, quickly, kept, because, slowly, them, collect, clocks, warm, through, nothing, million   The British Museum is the biggest one in the world. Inside, you feel smaller than usual. There are about a hundred things in the museum to see:    41    which have been telling the time for six hundred years, Roman money, some of the earliest books in the world, including Shakespeare’s own works...
The British Museum was set up nearly 300 years ago by a doctor, Sir Hans Sloane. The man liked to    42    such things as books, drawings, clothes, money, animals, flowers, and also hoped that his things would be well    43    and so visited by people after his death.
His wish came true, and the museum opened in 1759, six years after Sir Hans Sloane died.
Later, more antiques (古董) arrived at the museum, more books, old and new, came to it, and more people wanted to visit it. The museum had a famous round Reading Room. There was       
  44   unusual in the room. Cool air came up    45    small holes in the tables. Hot air flowing under the floor kept readers’ feet    46   . Since its opening, many famous men have written and studied there, like Karl Marx. And the library is growing faster and faster — there are four kilometers of new shelves each year,    47    it attracts increasing number of tourists each year.  
  It is now open every day of the year, except for two holidays (New Year’s Day and Christmas). Entrance (入场) is free. There are lots of special exhibitions and every day there are different films and talks, some of    48    for children. Small machines tell you about the museum and as you walk around it, you can look and listen at the same time. So if you are one of the British Museum’s two    49    visitors this year, don’t try to see it all too    50   . There is a lifetime of looking in the British Museum.  
体裁说明文话题历史与社会(世界历史)词数307【主旨大意】 本文是一篇说明文。主要介绍了世界上最大的博物馆--大英博物馆。文章除了提到它所陈列的物品外,还叙述了它建立的缘由、发展壮大,直到今天,每年都需要新增4千米长的陈列架,吸引了大量的游客。最后说到不要试图太匆忙地看完它的全貌,因为大英博物馆需要用一生的时间来慢慢观赏。
41.    clocks 【解析】根据空格前面There are about a hundred things in the museum to see可知,接下来要介绍博物馆里的物品,故考虑名词,后面which have been telling the time for six hundred year可知是报时的钟表。故用clocks。
42.    collect 【解析】根据空格前面的liked to,考虑此处用动词原形,所给单词中只有collect符合要求。故用collect。
43.    kept 【解析】根据空格后面的and so visited by people after his death可以推断and前面是一个与visited并列的动词过去分词,所以用kept,构成be well kept“被很好地保管”。故用kept。
44.    something 【解析】根据空格前面There be句型可以推断此处应该是名词或代词,空格后面被形容词unusual修饰,可以确定是复合不定代词的用法。结合前后内容可知,博物馆里有一些不寻常的东西,此处表示肯定,所以排除nothing。故用something。
45.    through 【解析】该句主要句子成分主谓已齐全,动词短语came up 后面不能直接加名词,所以考虑用介词,“通过桌子里的小孔”。故用through。
46.    warm 【解析】kept readers’ feet表示“使读者的双脚处于……状态”,考虑用形容词表示状态,结合主语hot air,可知是保持温暖。故用warm。
47.    because 【解析】根据空格后面it attracts increasing number of tourists each year.是一个完整的句子,故考虑用连词,因空格前后两个句子构成逻辑上的因果关系,故用because。
48.    them 【解析】由every day there are different films and talks可推断some of“……中的一些”此处需要找代词代替前面提到的films and talks,用人称代词宾格them符合要求。故用them。
49.    million 【解析】空格前面是数词two,后面是名词visitors,结合实际情况参加大英博物馆的游客数量可知,此处需要用million。
50.    quickly【解析】too一般修饰形容词或副词,此处修饰动词see,故考虑用副词,根据后文There is a lifetime of looking in the British Museum.可知,不要试图太匆忙地看完它的全貌。故用quickly。
(二)综合填空(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
根据短文内容,用方框中所给词语的适当形式填空,使文章通顺、完整。(每词限用一次
sleep, who, sit, similar, active, off, raise, how, little, kind(2018•山东泰安)In today's world, sleep experts often say that for a better night's rest, Americans should turn (56)____ their smart phones or iPads before sleeping. Such electronic products make the brain more (57)_____, and then influence their sleep. But according to a latest survey, more than 90% of Americans often use a computer or some other (58)_____, of electronic products in the hour before bed.
Researchers find that man-made light from some electronic products at night may reduce (减少) the brain chemicals that help (59) ____. In the study, the researchers let volunteers read, play games and watch movies on a screen for different time while measuring (60)____ much light their eyes received. They found that two hours of (61)____ before a bright screen at night reduced the sleep chemical levels by about 22%.
Then the researchers studied the college students (62)____ often used computers at night. They got the (63)____ results. And researchers say that may not only cause sleeplessness, but also (64)____ the risk of obesity(肥胖症), diabetes(糖尿病) and other diseases.
To be on the safe side, the researchers suggest that we should use computer (65)___than before, or turn down our screens as much as possible before sleeping.
体裁说明文话题卫生与健康词数200【主旨大意】
这篇科普说明文讲述的是:专家指出,人们在睡前应该关闭手机、平板电脑等电子产品。因为研究表明,美国人百分之九十以上都会在睡前使用电子产品,而这些电子产品的人造光源会减少帮助人们睡眠的大脑化学物质的释放。另外,研究还发现过度使用电子产品也会增加肥胖症、糖尿病等患病风险。所以,倡导大家睡前远离电子产品。
56. off 57. active 58. kinds59. (to) sleep 60. how61. sitting62. who63. similar 64. raise65. less
•    (2018四川成都中考)短文填空。从下面方框中选出10个单词并使用其正确形式填入短文空格内,使短文意思正确,通顺(每词限用一词) (共10小题,每小题1分;计10分)  
but  choice  color  direct  fly  high important  instead  a  many  quick  slow  One day, a father and his son went to a kite-flying festival. When they arrived, there were already many adults and their children playing in the park. When the son saw the sky filled with ___1___ kite in different shapes, he was excited and wanted to get one too. His father agreed to buy one for him. So they went to a kite shop and __2___  a beautiful one.
  With the string(线) in hand, the son started. __3____ the kite. Soon, the kite was high up in the sky. After a while, the son said, “Father, it seems that the string is stopping the kite from flying higher. If we cut it, it will be free and fly even higher, Can we cut it? "The father didn't replay, but just cut the string off the reel(线轴). Suddenly, the kite began to go ___4___, which made the son much happier.
    However, to his surprise, the kite was coming down. They waited for quite  some time.__5___, it fell onto the grass. The son felt upset and asked. I thought that after cutting the string, the kite would fly higher. Why did it fall down?”
 The father smiled and said,  “The role of the string was not stopping the kite from flying higher, ___6___ helping it stay in the sky, because the kite___7_  can't fly up. By using the string you help the kite go up in the right ___8___. When
you cut the string, it would not support the kite.”
   In our life, we may sometimes feel like there are certain things that are holding us back  and stopping us from growing. But in fact, these might be the things that support us___ 9___ . We can really grow up and become stronger by realizing the____ 10___ of these things.
体裁夹叙夹议文话题哲理故事词数306【主旨大意】
本文是一篇夹叙夹议文。本文主要讲述了儿子觉得风筝线阻止了风筝向更高处飞翔,于是要求剪断风筝线,断线的风筝飞得更高了,但是很快掉落下来,父亲告诉孩子风筝线虽然阻止了风筝飞得更高却能给它方向和力量并使其一直飞下去,人生也是如此。
1.    colorful   此空考查形容词的用法; when the son saw the sky fled with. kites indifferent shapes.此空填的形容词要对应下文的different;“天空布满了 色彩缤纷的,各式各样的风筝”由备选词color变型为colorful。
2. chose  此空考查动词的用法;前文they went 1o a kite shop and ___a beautiful one.由于and连词出现,此空需要填出与and之前went并列的实义动词,且需用过去式,根据句意,他们走入一家风筝店并且选择了一只美丽的风答”,由备选词choice变型为chose。
3. to fly/flying  此空考查非谓语动词的用法;原句中已经有了谓语动词started,因此此空不能再填谓语,根据句意,“儿子开始放飞风筝”,根据搭配,fly the kite即为放飞风筝,start to do/start doing都可表示“开始做某事”,由备选词fly变型为to fly或者flying。
4. higher  此空考查比较级的用法; the kite began to go______, which made the son much happier.后文的happier暗示此空需要对应的填比较级,根据句意,“风筝开始上升得越高,让儿子更加开心了”由备选词high变型为higher。
5. Slowly  此空考查副词的用法;“慢慢地,它落在了草地上”由备选词slow变型为slowly。
6.    but  此空考查连词的用法;前文有not, not...but...结构意为“不是……而是……”根据句意,“风筝线的角色不是阻止风筝飞得更高,而是帮助它停留在空中”,故此空填but,由备选词but直接选填。
7.     itself  此空考查反身代词的用法; because the kite____can't fly up.这句话除开空格以外,本身就是完整的句子,不缺任何成分,此空填入反身代词代表强调主语the kite本身,由备选词it变型为itself。
8. direction  此空考查名词的用法; By using the string you help the kite go up in the right_____.“通过风筝线,你可以帮助风筝以正确的方向上升”由备选词direct变型为direction。
9. (the) most  此空考查最高级的用法;根据句意,“这些或许是最能支持我们的事情”由备选词many变型为the mos/most。
10. importance  此空考查名词的用法;根据句意,“意识到这些事情的重要性”由备选词important变型为importance。
第六部分 词汇运用(共10小题,每小题1分,满分10分)
(2018•四川达州)用方框中所给单词的适当形式填空,使短文完整、通顺。每词限用一次。
温馨提示:只要有大小写、单词拼写、语法等错误,均不给分。
cover    bad   them   patient   danger   decision   solute   but   able   researchA Cloud of Hope and Danger
In 2050,a small cloud floats through the air in a hospital operating room(手术室).In the room a patient,suffering from cancer,lies on a table.The cloud surrounds(包围) the patient,  76   her body and filling her lungs(肺).The cloud is not smoke or steam.It is made of millions of microscopic robots called nano-robots(纳米机器人).These tiny robots move from cell(细胞) to cell in the   77   body,destroying the cancer cells.
Fighting cancer with nano-robots is only an idea today, 78   scientists say that it would be possible in the future.Using nano-robots for good purposes such as fighting disease or repairing the environment may be the   79   to many of today’s problems.
However,nano-robots could be a   80   risk as well.Since nano-robots are so tiny,they will have to work in large teams of many thousands to many millions.For this reason,nano-robots will have to be programmed to build   81  .Scientists will not have the ability to build millions of nano-robots one by one.
This 82 to reproduce(复制)is making some scientists worried.What if something goes wrong in the programming?Quite a lot of crazy nano-robots would be far   83   than any disease.Some people think that if they get out of control,nano-robots could destroy the Earth.
What should we done?Should we continue   84   nano-robots or should we search for other methods?This is one of the many difficult  85  that we have to make in the future.
76.________  77.________78.  ________  79.________  80.________
81.________  82.________83.  ________  84.________  85.________
76. covering   覆盖她的身体,填满她的肺。and 连接两个并列成分,故需要一个动名词和filling并列使用,故填covering
77. patient’s  这种微小的机器人在病人体内通过细胞进行移动,故填patient’s。
78. but  但是科学家说在将来有可能,表转折,故填but。
79. solution 利用纳米机器人来对抗疾病或修复环境,可能是解决当今许多问题的办法。  solute是动词,其名词形式为solution,故填solution。
80. bad 然而,纳米机器人也可能是一个坏的风险,此处需要一个形容词来修饰risk,表示坏的,故填bad。
81. themselves  出于这个原因,纳米机器人不得不被编程来构建自己,这里需要一个反身代词来做build的宾语,故填themselves。
82. ability  这种繁殖能力让一些科学家感到担忧,故填ability。
83. more dangerous  相当多疯狂的纳米机器人比任何疾病都危险的多。danger为名词,其形容词为dangerous,此处需要用dangerous 的比较级,故填more dangerous。
84. to research/researching    继续研究continue to do sth./doing sth.
85. decisions 这是我们未来要做的许多困难的决定之一。one of + 可数名词复数,故填decisions。
第二节 短文填空(共10小题,每小题1分,满分10分)(2018•四川德阳)
阅读短文,根据短文内容在方框内选择适当的单词并用其正确形式填空,使短文通顺、完整(每空一词,每词只用一次)。把所填单词的正确形式写在答题卡上指定的位置。
sentences  they  through  be enough  speaking way  write memorize  when To learn a foreign language well, four things   76   necessary. Firstly, we must understand the language 77 we hear it spoken. Secondly, we must be able to speak it ourselves with confidence. Thirdly, we must do much reading. Finally, we must be able to  78  it. We must be able to make correct  79  in grammar.
There are no quicker   80   to success in language learning. A good memory is a great help, but it is not 81   only to memorize the rules from a grammar book. It is not much memorizing long lists of words and 82 meanings, studying the dictionary and so on. We must learn by using the language. If we are satisfied with a few rules that we have   83   , we are not really learning the language. We must “learn  84   use". Practice is important. We must practise 85   and writing the language whenever we can.
体裁说明文话题语言学习词数162

【主旨大意】本文是一篇说明文。短文就如何学好一门外语提出了一些建议和看法。
76. are  77. when   78. write  79. sentences  80.way  81.enough  82. their  83. memorized
84. through  85. speaking  
第二节 (2018•四川南充)造词填空(共5小题,每小题1分,满分5分)
根据短文内容,用方框中所给单词的适当形式填空,使短文完整正确(每限限用一次),并将答案写在答题卡相应编号后的横线上。
success scientist it study young  Pan Jianwei, “Father of quantum(量子)”,was born in Zhejiang in March 1970. After he  71  at the university of Science and Technology of China from 1985 to 1995. Pan went to Vienna in 1996 for further studies and stayed there until 2001. Then he returned to the Chinese university as a physics professor and began to build a quantum science research team at the university. The team now includes about 50  72   , most of whom are also returnees from overseas(海归).
He became a member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences(中科院) in 2011. Of all the members, he was the  73   one. In 2015, he was named the standing vice-president of the University of Science and Technology of China.
Under his leadership, the world’s first quantum satellite(卫星) was launched(发射)  74   in August 2016.
Pan Jianwei was recognized by Nature magazine on  75  list of “10 people who mattered” in 2017.
体裁记叙文话题个人情况词数167【主旨大意】文章介绍了中国物理学家、“量子之父”潘建伟的经历及主要成就。
71.studied 此句后面提到了大学可推知此空表示“学习”,且根据前后句的时态可知,此空用一般过去时。
72.scientists 前句提到了科学研究团队,且此空前有数词50,可知此空表示“科学家”,且用复数形式。
73.youngest 根据前面的of可知此空用形容词的最高级形式。
74. successfully 此空修饰前面的动词launched,应用副词形式。
75. its根据后面的名词list可知用形容词性物主代词its。
第二节  (2018•湖南郴州)短文填空   从方框中选择适当的词并用其正确形式填空,使短文完整、通顺。每空一词,每词限用一次。(共10小题:每小题1分,满分10分)
lose  late  something  so   careful    experience   from   worry   they   share
Teenagers often have lots of problems and 66.______. Sometimes they have problems with
the schoolwork and sometimes with 67.______ friends. How to deal with them?
I remember an example of a middle school girl, Nancy. She once 68.______ her wallet and
was afraid to tell her parents about it. 69.______ she walked to school every day. A week 70.______, she couldn't stand it any more because it was too far from home. She had to talk to her parents, They were really understanding and told her to be 71.______ next time.
In fact, the worst thing is not to do 72.______. You can't feel better unless you talk to someone. problems are normal in life. You should not run away 73.______ your problems. Instead, You'd better 74.______ them with your parents or ask an expert for help, because they have more 75.______.
66.worries  67.their  68.lost 69.So  70.later  71.careful   72.anything 73.from  74.share  75.experience
六、选词填空(2018•湖北孝感)  阅读短文,用方框中所给词填空,使短文通顺、连贯,方框中每词限用一次,有两个词多余。(共6分,每空1分)
entered;  good;  enough;  looked;  On;  repair;  success;  cold
Once, two lazy birds lived in a nest together. 77 a cold winter day, a strong wind was blowing Suddenly, there appeared a bole in their nest. The cold wind blew in throng the hole and got away the warm air from the nest. They started feeling 78 . But each of them thought that the other bird would 79 the hole. As a result no one did it Soon the snow started to fall and  80 the nest. The two lazy birds felt freezing. But no one was active 81 to work. In the morning they were found dead in their nest.
Life is the same. Some people never get 82 because their laziness blows out the chances. Being not lazy will enable you to live a happy and successful life. It’s up to you.
体裁记叙文话题寓言故事词数138【主旨大意】本文是一篇叙事文。讲述了两只鸟的巢穴坏了,可是彼此依赖着对方,于是没有人修巢穴,于是两只鸟都被冻死了。这个故事旨在告诉大家懒惰就不会成功。
77.On 在具体的某一天前用介词on,并且这里on位于句首,所以o要大写。
78. cold  feel后面要跟形容词。再根据前面的the cold wind blew in through the whole aned got away the warm air... 可知此时感觉很冷。
79. repair would作为情态动词,后面要跟谓语动词原形。因而只能选repair。
80. entered根据前文的无人修正洞穴可知雨雪都进入洞里了,所以用entered。
81.enough  enough用来修饰形容词active, 句意为:没有人足够主动去工作。
82. success  get success表示取得成功。句意为:因为人们的懒惰会使其丧失机会,因而人们便不会成功。
(2018•山东威海)五、短文填空(10小题,计10分)请将答案编号涂卡。
根据短文内容,选择适当的单词短语填空,使短文意思完整,每个选项仅使用一次。
A. ride to the gym   B. because  C. keeping fit  D. so  E. cheer me up  F. enjoy my day off  
G. healthier  H. also  I. funny    J. coughing and sneering Hi Jake,
How’s it going? Sorry I haven’t been in touch for a while, but couldn’t use my computer for a few days. You’ll never guess what happened to me!
A couple of weeks ago, I decided lo take up yoga. Yoga is a combination of Physical and breathing exercises. It’s suppose to be good for relaxation and 48. _______ I’ve been feeling a bit stressed about my school work recently and I thought yoga might help
My dad couldn’t give me a lift to the first lesson, so I decided to 49. ________ . The lesson was great and I felt really relaxed afterwards. On the way home, though, it started raining and I got very wet! The next day, I woke up with a bad cold. I couldn’t stop 50. _________ .
I couldn’t go to school 51. _______ I also had a high temperature. We were having a math test that day so it was great that I could stay at home. I didn’t really 52. _______ , Though. I felt awful and stayed in bed. Mum brought me cups of hot tea for my sore throat (and you know how much I hate tea! ) She 53. _______ went to the chemist’s and got me some vitamin pills. I have to keep taking these for a while 54. _______ I can get stronger.
That afternoon Robbie came to visit me. He said he’d got something to 55. ________ and pretended it was the math test that I’d missed. “Mr. Bank says you can do it at home instead,” he said, but I knew he was joking. I didn’t think it was very 56. _______ , but he did!
The next day, I was still a bit pale and didn’t have much energy, but I was feeling better. The day after that, I was able to go bock to school.
Can you believe my luck? I went to the yoga class to feel 57. ________ and instead I caught a cold!
Anyway, I hope you’re OK. Write and let me know what you’ve been up to! Bye for now!
Kate
体裁应用文话题日常活动词数410
【主旨大意】这是一封信。在信中凯特向Jake讲述了她坚持骑自行车去体育馆练习瑜伽。在一次回家的路上,被雨水淋湿,第二天感冒了,不能去学校参加数学考试。她的数学老师让班里的同学Robbie把试卷捎到家里去做。后来凯特身体恢复,又能去上课了。
48. C. 【解析】根据上文“瑜伽是身体和呼吸锻炼的结合运动”以及下文“最近我一直对我的功课感觉有点紧张,我认为瑜伽可能会有所帮助”,故判断本句意为:人们认为瑜伽对放松和健身有好处。故用keep fit,意为“保持健康”。
49. A. 【解析】根据上文“My dad couldn’t give me a lift to the first lesson”可知:作者的父亲不能开车送她去参加瑜伽课,故推断句意为:因此,“我”决定骑自行车去体育馆,故用 ride to the gym。
50. J. 【解析】联系上文“我回家的路上在雨中淋得全身湿透了,第二天醒来患了重感冒”,故推断句意为:我忍不住咳嗽和打喷嚏。故用coughing and sneering。
51. B. 【解析】句意:我不能去上学,因为我还发高烧了。空格处的前后分句是前果后因关系,故用连词because,意为“因为”。
52. F  【解析】联系上文“We were having a math test that day(那天我们要进行数学考试)”可知句意为:我非常不愿意待在家里休息,但是我感觉恶心,只能躺在床上。故用enjoy my day off 。
53. H. 【解析】联系上文“Mum brought me cups of hot tea for my sore throat”可知:妈妈无微不至地照顾生病的我,故判断句意为:妈妈还去药店,给我买了一些药片。故用副词also。            
54. D. 【解析】联系上文语境可知句意为:我不得不坚持吃这些药,为的是我能身体恢复健康。故用连词so,意为“因此”。
55. E. 【解析】联系下文“Mr Bank says you can do it at home instead”可知句意为:朋友Robbie说他件好事让我开心起来,让我在家做那张数学试卷,假装就是在参加错过的那次考试。故用cheer me up。
56. I. 【解析】联系上文“but I knew he was joking”可知:作者认为对方在开玩笑,不相信。故推断本句意为:我认为那不好笑。故用funny。
57. G. 【解析】联系上文语境可知句意为:我去参加瑜伽课,为的是让身体更健康,但是我却感冒了。故用形容词healthier。
(2018•甘肃武威) VII. 任务型完形填空(共10空;每空1分,满分10分)
用方框中所给单词或短语的适当形式填空,使短文通顺、正确、连贯,每个单词或短语限用一次。
first,   only,   use,   it,   dream of,   another,   speak,   with,   sea,   easyEnglish
World Language
Once people   1   a language that everybody in the world could understand. Now, for the
  2   time in human history, perhaps there is one— English. It is the official language in more than 50 countries and 250-300 million people   3   it as a second language. Some say that half the world will be speaking it in the year 2050.
Difficult to Master?
English is not the   4   language to learn —most of its common verbs are irregular and it has a large vocabulary—at least 200,000 words are in common use.
User-friendly
But some things make   5   easy. For example, nouns don’t have gender(性别) and the usages of verbs are simpler than other languages. There is   6   one form to speak to someone
directly—“you”. Adjectives don’t agree   7   nouns, and many nouns are often also verbs.
English Is Everywhere
Some other languages may have more speakers, like Chinese. But English   8   in many different areas. It is the language of transport: most airline pilots and air-traffic controllers use it. At   9   English is the international language of communication.
The Future of English
What is the future of English as a global language? Will   10   language ever replace it?
Many think not —it is already too popular.
体裁说明文话题语言与文化词数212【主旨大意】
本文是一篇说明文。介绍了英语的几个特征:世界性语言、难学之处、易学之处、遍地都是英语以及英语的未来。
1. dreamed of 人们曾经梦想有一种世界上每个人都能听懂的语言,dream of梦想,once意为曾经,因此要用一般过去时。
2. first 现在在人类历史上第一次有了这样的语言——英语,第一次for the first time。
3. speak 它是50多个国家的官方语言,有2.5—3亿人把它作为第二语言说,speak说。
4. easiest 英语不是最容易学的语言,下面列举了它的难学之处,前面有the,用最高级更通顺。
5. it 一些事情让它容易,此处it代指英语。
6. only 直接与人说话只有一种形式—you,only仅仅,只。
7. with 形容词与名词不一致,并且很多名词也是动词,agree with与……一致。
8. is used 但是英语在很多不同的地区被使用,is used是被动形式,被使用。
9. sea 在海上,英语是一种交流的国际语言。上一句介绍英语在航空方面的应用,这儿介绍
在海上,at sea在海上。
10. another 另外一种语言将会取代它吗?another另外的。
(2018 •四川凉山)阅读短文,从方框中选择适当的词并用其正确形式填空,使短文通顺、意思完整,并将其答案写在答题卡上相应的位置。每词限用一次。
excite   use  he   during   soon    hand    see    express   hour   both
At the beginning of 2018, President Xi Jinping went to visit Liangshan before the Spring Festival. Xi    81    his greetings for Happy New Year. There were many impressive and touching things    82    his visiting Liangshan.
Xi visited Sanhe and Huopu villages,    83    are in Zhaojue county in Liangshan. It's two 84     ride from Xichang to the villages. When he arrived at Sanhe village, he was warmly welcomed by the villagers. He walked into a family to understand the situation of the family. He said: "I have been caring about Yi people. I’m very glad    85    you are living a good life and hope that all the villagers can live a happy life in the future. "Xi and the villagers sat in a circle in the family and chatted like a family. They talked and laughed very happily. He gave them   86   ways to become rich, healthy and happy.
 News of President Xi's coming    87    spread throughout the village, all the villagers in national costume rushed to greet warmly to    88   . Xi wore charwa to shook    89    with the villagers and said goodbye. All the villagers were singing a Yi folk song, "The flowers are waiting in the mountains, the mice wine is waiting, dear friend, please stay, stay…" Tears of great  90     came to the villagers eyes as they sang the moving song.


体裁记叙文话题社会新闻词数224【主旨大意】 本文讲述了2018年初,春节之前习近平主席凉山彝族之行的情景。
81. expressed    习主席表达了他新年的问候。根据时间状语,用一般过去时,动词要变为过去式。
82. during 在习主席的访问期间,有许多难忘的和感人的故事
83. Both  根据前文出现的两个村庄,和此处需要主语,选填Both,注意大写。(此处原文有问题,前一句是逗号,这里填which最合适。根据所给词,可能是标点符号要改为句号。)
84. hours’  两小时的车程,注意名词所有格形式。
85. to see  我很高兴看到你们过上好日子。
86. useful 习主席为村民们指引了一些有用的通往富裕、健康和幸福的途径。注意变形为形容词。
87. soon  习主席来访的消息很快家喻户晓。
88. him    村民们穿着民族服饰来迎接他。注意变形为宾格。
89. hands     习主席身披查尔瓦同村民握手和道别。(原文此处有问题,应该是to shake)
90.excitement  彝民唱着感人的歌曲,眼含兴奋的泪水。注意变形为名词。
第一节短文填空(共10小题,每小题1分,满分10分)(2018•四川眉山) 根据短文内容,用方框中所给单词的适当形填人短文空格中,使短文意思正确、通顺,每词限用一次。
she surprise why lucky twelve something true have in hand
On the day of the interview, I got up at 6:00 in the morning. I got to the interview place without   71    breakfast. I was the sixteenth interviewee(应聘者)and the   72   was a  short ordinary-looking girl. I nodded to her. I asked her where she graduated. I didn't graduate from a famous college, " she told me   73   a low voice.
I didn't expect the interview would last so long. As I didn't have breakfast, my stomachache came to me. I had to sit by the table for a rest. Just at that time, the girl came and asked me what happened. I told her,“1 didn't have   74   this morning, so I had a stomachache."
After a while, a worker came in and    75    me a bottle of milk and a piece of bread. It was certain that they were bought by the girl. I felt warm all over my heart because I hadn't imagined she would be so nice to help me——her rival(竞争对手).
    76    I got the job. The first day I went to work. I was    77    to see the girl there, She also got the job. Later I asked her why she got the job. She said with a smile.“ That day when I
bought you the food and came back, an interviewer saw me and asked    78     I took the food in hands. I told him the    79   , Then I get the job." At that moment, I came to know that when the girl helped me, she also helped    80   .
Helping others helps yourself as well.
题材记叙文话题应聘词数27271.    having  由句意可知设空处表示“吃早饭”,又介词后填动词—ing形式,故填having。
72.    twelfth/12th   由句意可知,特指多少号应聘者,应用序数词形式,故填twelfth。
73.    in    in a low voice意为“低声说”。
74.anything  根据句意“我早上没吃东西”,否定句中something应变为anything。
75.handed   hand sb. sth.意为“把...递给某人”,又根据并列连词and可知此处应用一般过去时。
76.Luckily  由上下文可知,此处意为“我很幸运的得到了这份工作”,应填副词作状语,故填luckily。
77. surprised  由句意“我很惊讶的看到女孩也在那儿。”可知,应填surprised。
78.why  由上下文可知,此处指“采访者问我为什么用手拿这些食物”,故填连词why。
79.truth   由上下文可知,此处为回答上文所提问题,意为“我告诉了他事实”,故填true对应的名词形式truth。
80.herself  由句意可知,“女孩帮助了我的同时,她也帮助了自己。”,故填主语对应反身代词herself。
  B)(2018•四川遂宁)根据语境,从方框中选择恰当的单词填空,并将正确答案填在短文后的横线上。(每个单词只用一次)(共5小题,每小题1分,一空一词,满分5分)
given,         anything,         progress,         easy,         deeplyDear Leslie,     
How are you? Glad to see you have made some 81 in Chinese learning and I’m writing to tell you something about our next lesson.
The lesson will be 82 from 3 pm to 5 pm on the afternoon of next Tuesday in the classroom 502. In the class, you will mainly learn Tang Poetry(唐诗), which shows historic Chinese culture and is 83 loved by Chinese. You can feel the beauty of Chinese by learning Tang Poetry. You’d better make full preparations before class and have a little knowledge of the history of Tang Dynasty, which makes it 84 for you to go through the class.
If there is 85 that I can do for you, tell me.
Yours sincerely
Han Meimei
81. progress  很高兴看到你在中文学习方面取得了一些进步,我写信是要告诉你我们接下来的课程内容。make progress in sth 在某方面取得进步。
82. given  下次课是下周二下午3-5点在502教室上。主语为lesson,在be动词后,所以用given。
83. deeply  你主要在下次课要学习的是唐诗,这充分展示了中国历史文化,深受中国人所喜爱。用来修饰动词be... loved by, 所以用副词,因而选deeply。
84. easy  你在课前最好充分准备一下,对唐朝历史多少有点了解,这样上课就会容易许多。make it + adj.+ for sb. to do sth. 为固定句型,根据句意此处为easy。
85. anything  有什么我可以帮到你的,尽管开口给我讲。there be句型后加名词,结合句意:如果有什么我能问你做的,请告诉我。所以选择anything。
(2018•浙江宁波)用方框中所给单词的适当形式填空,每词仅用一次(每空一词)。
 
Paul: Hey, Jenny, the subject for my school project is “Small inventions that changed the world”. Can you help think of an invention?
Jenny: With      46       ! Let me think…hmm… I know! The zipper!
Paul: The zipper? Is it       47       such a great invention?
Jenny: Think about how often it’s used in our       48       lives. You can see zippers on dresses, trousers, shoes, bags… almost everywhere!  I saw a website last week. The      49       of different inventions were listed there. For example, it mentioned that the zipper was      59        by Whitecomb Judson in 1893. But at that time, it wasn’t used widely.
Paul: So when did it become popular?
Jenny: Around 1917.
体裁情景对话话题科技发明词数123
【主旨大意】
本对话谈论了改变世界的小发明“拉链”。小小的拉链在社会生活的应用相当广泛,它让我们的生活变得更加方便。对话也谈论拉链的发明人以及其使用的历史情况。
答案:46. pleasure 由上文“你能帮我想出一个发明吗?”这一表示礼貌的请求的用语,可推测答语应是“当然可以”,再由关键词with,可知答语应为“With pleasure (很愿意)”。
47. really  句意:它真是如此棒的一个发明吗?分析句子结构可知空白处应用一副词来修饰整个句子,因此应用really (真地),故选really。
48. daily 由下文中所陈述的例子“You can see zippers on dresses, trousers, shoes, bags… almost everywhere!”,可知本句应意为“考虑一下它在我们的日常生活中被应用的多么广泛”,空白处意为“日常的”。
49. pioneers 句意:上一周我看到一个网站,上面列举了一些不同发明的先驱。空白处意为“先驱、先锋”,故应填pioneers。
50. invented  由上文所述是一些发明的情况,可推测本句意为:例如,它提到拉链的是在1893年被怀特贾•德森发明的。


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