【www.5ykj.com - 莲山课件】
1. What is the woman going to do this afternoon?
A. Eat out. B. See a doctor. C. Go shopping.
2. How does Henry feel now?
A. Proud. B. Tired. C. Grateful.
3. What did Fred do?
A. He travelled to Italy. B. He offered Kate a ride. C. He bought a new car.
4. What does the woman do?
A. She’s a salesperson. B. She’s a librarian. C. She’s a bank clerk.
5. What did Patrick do last Friday?
A. He moved to another place. B. He sold his old apartment. C. He went out with a friend
6. What is the probable relationship between the speakers?
A. Strangers. B. Classmates. C. Co-workers.
7. Why is Sara worried?
A. She has problem preparing for a speech.
B. She knows nothing about British history.
C. She fails to finish her homework on time.
8. Who are the speakers?
A. Students. B. Secretaries. C. Teachers.
9. When will Ms. Kelly probably give the lecture?
A. On Tuesday. B. On Wednesday. C. On Friday.
10. What will the man probably do next?
A. Go on a trip. B. Talk to Dr. Lee. C. Start a research project.
11. What is the man doing?
A. Asking for directions. B. Touring the city centre. C. Talking to a friend.
12. What does the man decide to do?
A. Keep walking. B. Get a taxi. C. Wait for the bus.
13. How does the man feel at the end of the conversation?
A. Annoyed. B. Excited. C. Surprised.
14. What is “People You Meet”?
A. An office party. B. A training course. C. A radio program.
15. How many people does Mark’s office receive every year?
A. 100,000. B. 200,000. C. 500,000.
16. What do we know about Mark?
A. He is a team leader. B. He was born in London. C. He speaks thirteen languages.
17. What do Mark and his co-workers usually do to help people?
A. Show them around. B. Plan tours for them. C. Teach them English.
18. How long did the speaker and his family live in the downtown apartment?
A. 8 years. B. 10 years. C. 30 years.
9. What was the reason for the speaker’s unpleasant childhood?
A. Strict family rules. B. Little chance to play outside. C. Too much school work.
20. What does the speaker think of outdoor activities?
A. Colorless. B. Dangerous. C. Enjoyable.
Want to live and learn on organic farms worldwide? Want to share your life with other like-minded people?
Traveling around the world and working the land are the principles behind WWOOF—World Wide Opportunities on Organic Farms. Amanda Pearson, administrator Of WWOOF, tells us more about the life-changing influence a WWOOF experience can have for all involved.
l. What is your organizations mission?
WWOOF is a worldwide movement linking volunteers with organic farmers and growers to promote cultural and educational experiences based on trust and non-monetary ( 非货币的 ) exchange, thereby helping to build a sustainable, global community. WWOOF is an exchange—WWOOF hosts Offer food, accommodation and learning opportunities to people who are interested in helping Out.
2. What makes you guys different from the rest?
We were first! When Sue Coppard founded WWOOF in 1971, the concept of non- monetary exchange was very new. A number of organizations offer similar deals these days—but we are the Only one that specializes in Organic growing and the only one with people on the ground in each of the countries where we have members.
3. How can people get involved?
You can join WWOOF as a volunteer or a host. Volunteers need to think about where in the world they would like to WWOOF (we encourage local WWOOFing in particular) and join the relevant national WWOOF group. A one-year membership of around US$ 40 gives you unlimited access to our list Of hosts in a particular country. Then, the rest is up to you. WWOOFing is very flexible and suits the independent traveler. For more information and to start an amazing adventure, check out http: // wwoof. net
Anyone who has some land on which they produce food following organic principles and who wants some help can become a host. You need to register with WWOOF in the country in which your land can be found.
21 . What should WWOOF hosts provide for volunteers?
A. Nutritious breakfast and a big office.
B. Food, rooms and learning opportunities.
C. Free drinks for a whole day and farming tools.
D. Organic fruit and vegetables from their farm.
22. We can learn from the text that WWOOF__________.
A. provides job opportunities for farm workers
B. was founded by Sue Coppard 30 years ago
C. connects volunteers interested in farming with farmers
D. helps poor people in remote areas all over the world
23. What should you do to be a member of WWOOF?
A. You need to pay the membership fee to be a volunteer.
B. You can sign up on its website for free.
C. You can register as a host by paying US $4 to the organization.
D. You must make sure you have a partner to do the volunteering with you.
When Veronika Scott was a student at the College for Creative Studies in Detroit, Michigan, she received a task to “design to fill a need.” She dreamed up an idea for overcoats that would double as sleeping bags, made 25 of them, and handed them out to people living in shelters on an abandoned city playground. While her efforts were greeted mostly with enthusiasm from those braving Detroit’s cold winters, one woman voiced dissatisfaction. “We don’t need coats; we need jobs,” she told Veronika. Then she had her second inspiration.
After graduating from college in 2012, Veronika founded the Empowerment Plan, a nonprofit organization. She hired two homeless women to sew the coats and paid them with donations she received through her blog. Now, the Empowerment Plan employs about 20 people and has produced more than 10,000 coats and distributed them in 30 states, Canada, and elsewhere abroad.
“We don’t require previous employment,” Veronika says. “We’re looking for people who are motivated.” The Empowerment Plan provides free classes and lends money to those who qualify. Nearly all the employees eventually move into permanent housing, and some go on to jobs in the auto industry and construction.
Veronika has bettered the coat’s design by making its outer layer of a lightweight material that resists air, wind, and water and its inner layer of a material that stores body heat. Still, Veronika is less focused on the coats than on the workers who make them. “At the end of the day,” she says, “the coat is a vehicle for us to employ people.”
24. What was Veronika’s second inspiration?
A. Improving her coat’s design. B. Founding a nonprofit organization.
C. Profiting from the work of those low-paid people. D. Producing more coats and distributing them abroad.
25. What is the purpose of the Empowerment Plan?
A. To raise more donations. B. To design better clothes.
C. To provide help for the homeless. D. To offer free classes to the motivated.
26. Which of the following best describes Veronika?
A. Traditional but helpful B. Greedy and unsatisfied.
C. Generous but childish. D. Creative and caring.
27. Which is the best title of the passage?
A. Design to Fill a Need. B. The Empowerment Plan.
C. Look for Motivated People. D. How to design a coat.
For such a long time, college years are generally considered to be a stage of life for individual growth in self decision and adult identity. However, now they are becoming an extended period of adolescence, during which many of today’s students are not shouldered with adult responsibilities.
For previous generations, college was decisive break from parental control; guidance and support need to come from people of the same age and from within. In the past two decades, however, continued connection with and dependence on family, thanks to cellphones, email and social media, have increased significantly. Some parents go so far as to help with coursework. Instead of promoting the idea of college as a passage from the shelter of the family to autonomy (自主权）and adult responsibility, universities have given in to the idea that they should provide the same environment as that of the home.
To prepare for increased autonomy and responsibility, college needs to be a time of exploration and experimentation. This process involves “trying on” new ways of personally. While we should provide students “safe spaces” , we must also make it safe to express opinions and experience challenges.
Learning to deal with the social world is equally important. Because a college community differs from the family, many students will struggle to find a sense of belonging. If students rely on administrators to regulate their social behavior and thinking pattern, they are missing the challenge of finding an identity within a larger and complex community.
Moreover, the tendency for universities to monitor and shape student behavior runs up against another characteristic of young adults: the response to being controlled by their elders.
It is not surprising that young people are likely to burst out. What is lacking today is the conflict between adolescents, desire for autonomy and their understanding of an unsafe world. Therefore, there is the desire for their dorms to be replacement homes and not places to experience intellectual growth.
28. What is the author’s attitude toward those parents who help with coursework?
A. Supportive. B. Critical. C. Indifferent. D. Unclear.
29. What is the main idea of Paragraphs 3-5?
A. How to be a top student in college.
B. How to turn a college dorm into a family setting.
C. How to develop a sense of belonging in college.
D. How to foster students’ autonomy, identity and responsibility.
30. According to the text, who is not the one responsible for the current worrying situation of college students?
A. Administrators. B. Parents. C. Universities. D. Students.
31. Which of the following would the author most probably agree with?
A. Today’s colleges aren’t qualified in cultivating students’ intellectual ability.
B. Cellphones, email and social media play a constructive role in building up students’ autonomy.
C. Colleges should provide opportunities for students to express opinions and experience challenges.
D. College students feel confused about their desire to be independent and misunderstand an unsafe world.
Sea turtles are one of several species that have temperature-dependent sex determination. The number of female babies increases when nests are made in warmer sands.
A recent study by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, California State University and Worldwide Fund for Nature Australia examined two genetically distinct populations of green sea turtles living in the Great Barrier Reef. The study found that a group of about 200,000 turtles living in the northern part of the reef
was almost entirely female.
While the southern population was 65 to 69 percent female, females in the northern group accounted for 99.1 percent of young turtles and 86.8 percent of adults.
After combining their results with temperature data, the scientists in charge of the study found that the northern green turtles have been producing mainly females for more than two decades and that the complete feminization（雌性化）of this population is possible in the near future.
The temperature at which the turtles will produce male or female babies can be passed on to the turtles children. Most sea turtle populations are now producing offspring above the most suitable temperature, making it clear that climate change poses a serious threat to the survival of these populations.
The chief executive Of World Wildlife Fund Australia, Dermot OGorman, said this is another sign Of the impact Of climate change, following recent research that shows that coral bleaching(珊瑚白化) events are occurring far more frequently than in the past.
"Weve had two years where weve had mass bleaching events on the Great Barrier Reef, " he told Guardian Australia. "Thats a very visible sign of the impact of climate change. But this is a quiet change. We cant see the impact its having on a turtle population until a study like this shows some long-term trends. "
The lead author of the paper, Dr Michael Jensen. said the findings represent a major environmental conservation issue.
OGorman said more urgent action on climate change is clearly needed, adding that some conservationists have already taken practical measures, such as using shade cloth on turtle nesting beaches to lower the sand temperature, and reducing bycatch in the fishing industry.
"Shade cloth can be used in certain places, but theres a limit to the scale you can do that, he said.
"Now every large male who can reproduce is going to be even more important.
32. According to the research on Great Barrier Reefs green sea turtles, __________.
A. about 65 to 69 percent Of northern turtles are female
B. 86.8 percent Of southern turtles have grown up to adults
C. the feminization Of green sea turtles could become worse
D. adult green Sea turtles can change their sex in warmer places
33. Why did OGorman mention coral bleaching?
A. To suggest that climate change poses more risks to coral than turtles.
B. To compare the living environments of turtles and coral.
C. To urge people to take practical measures to fight climate change.
D. To stress this discovery about green sea turtles is very valuable.
34. Conservationists are taking action to __________.
A. keep the sea turtles nests cool
B. stop the illegal fishing of green sea turtles
C. expand the size of the green sea turtles nesting places
D. build special nests for turtles to produce offspring
35. Which would be the best title for the article?
A. How climate change affects ocean creatures
B. Invisible change caused by global warming exposed
C. Necessity of protecting green sea turtles and their habitat
D. Global green sea turtle populations in greater danger
Parents Model Healthy Eating
It should come as no surprise that the more stressed parents are at work, the greater the burden on their family is. 36 After all, the more time parents spend working, the less time and energy they have to plan and prepare healthful meals.
For years, most studies have focused on the role of working mothers while fathers were ignored. They didn’t look at the family as a whole. 37 , adds a new wrinkle to the relationship between work stress and family nutrition.
Mom’s work related stress is still a central factor in low well families eat because they typically do most of the food shopping and cooking. 38 The study found that when mom or dad experience high levels of work related stress, their families are eating one-and-a-half fewer family meals per week, and the parents themselves report eating fewer fruits and vegetables, more fast food, and are less likely to eat breakfast regularly.
It’s worth nothing that the study looked mainly at low income families who belonged to ethnic（民族的）or minority groups. 39 But the implications are wide ranging.
40 Teaching kids, especially teenagers, to help with grocery shopping and to cook actual meals, instead of just putting a frozen pizza in the microwave, could be an important piece of the puzzle in helping families improves their eating habits.
A. And the role of fathers in particular
B. But dad’s work related stress has a large impact, too.
C. Yet, the kids’ stress may influence the families’ nutrition, too.
D. So the findings don’t necessarily apply directly to other types of families.
E. When it comes to family nutrition, the entire family plays a role even kids.
F. It’s also probably not a surprise that this can negatively affect a family’s nutrition.
G. It is parents who give their kids a good model to develop a good eating habit.
From the time each of my children started school, I packed their lunches. And in each lunch, I 41 a note. Often written on a napkin, it might be a thank-you for a 42 moment, a reminder of something we were happily expecting, or a bit of 43 for the coming test or sporting event.
In early grade school they 44 their notes. But as children grow older they become self-conscious, and 45 he reached high school, my older son, Marc, informed me he no longer 46 my daily notes. Telling him that he no longer needed to 47 them but I still needed to write them, I 48 until the day he graduated.
Six years after high school graduation, Marc called and asked if he could move 49 for a couple of months. He had spent those years well, graduating from college, 50 two internship in Washington, D.C., and 51 , becoming a technical assistant in Sacramento. 52 short vacation visits, however, he had lived away from home. With his younger sister leaving for college, I was 53 happy to have Marc back. Since I was 54 making lunch for his younger brother, I 55 one for Marc, too. Imagine my 56 when I got a call from my 4-year-old son, 57 his lunch.
“Did I do something 58 ? Don’t you love me 59 , Mom?” were just a few of the questions he threw at me as I 60 asked him what was wrong.
“My note, Mom,” he answered. “Where’s my note?”
41. A. carried B. found C. included D. held
42. A. difficult B. special C. comfortable D. separate
43. A. congratulation B. improvement C. explanation D. encouragement
44. A. loved B. answered C. wrote D. examined
45. A. lately B. by the way C. by the time D. gradually
46. A. received B. understood C. enjoyed D. collected
47. A. copy B. read C. take D. send
48. A. held up B. gave up C. followed D. continued
49. A. out B. home C. to college D. to Sacramento
50. A. organizing B. planning C. comparing D. completing
51. A. hopefully B. finally C. particularly D. certainly
52. A. Because of B. Instead of C. Except for D. As for
53. A. especially B. immediately C. equally D. generally
54. A. once B. again C. still D. even
55. A. packed B. fetched C. bought D. filled
56. A. fear B. surprise C. anger D. disappointment
57. A. waiting for B. worrying about C. caring for D. asking about
58. A. wrong B. funny C. strange D. smart
59. A. any more B. enough C. once more D. better
60. A. interestingly B. bitterly C. politely D. laughingly
Dragon Head Raising Day, 61 falls each year on the second day of the second lunar month, is one of the Chinese traditional festivals. As the proverb goes: “The dragon is awake, 62 (raise) his head”. On this day, dragons, a prominent totem (图腾) in Chinese culture raise 63 (they) heads with the sound of thunder. Around this time, the earth 64 (burst) with life. Grass and trees are beginning to shoot up. In ancient China, people 65 (pray) the dragon god beside a river or a lake for the precious spring rains to breed their crops.
66 (tradition), food eaten on this day was renamed after parts of the dragon. For instance, wontons were called “dragon’s eyes.” The special 67 (food) usually eaten on this day include dragon’s scales, popcorn and pig’s head.
In Shanxi, people get their hair 68 (cut) in a symbolic move to remove the old and embrace the new. In 69 countryside in Hebei Province, people would fetch water from a well at dawn. It was believed 70 on this day the well was full of dragon eggs which would bring the collector good harvest.
第四部分 写作 （共两节 满分35分）
注意：1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2. 只允许修改10处，多者（从第11处起）不计分。
Last Saturday I went to a bookstore to choose some books but found my wallet going when checking out. I panicked immediate as the wallet was a birthday gift from my best friend. Besides, they contained about 500 dollars, which I had earned by working hard as waiter in a fast food restaurant. However, I quickly left the queue and began to search the area in that I had been reading. Then a girl in her twenty came up to me. It was turned out that she had been waiting for the owner of the wallet. In my delight, I not only get my wallet back but also made a new friend.
4. 你的联系方式(Email：[email protected] com；Phone：12345678)。
1--5 CBCBA 6-10 BACAB 11-15 ABACC 16-20 ABABC
21-23 BCA 24-27 BCDA 28-31 BDAC 32-35 CDAB 36-40 FABDE
41-60 CBDAC CBDBD BCACA BDAAD
61. which 62. raising 63. their 64. is bursting 65. would pray或prayed
66. Traditionally 67. foods 68. cut 69. the 70. that
第二句：immediate → immediately
第三句：they → it；waiter前加a
第四句：However→ Therefore/Thus/So； that → which
第五句：twenty → twenties
第七句：In → To； get → got
Im Li Hua, a Chinese student taking summer courses in your university. Im writing to ask for help.
I came here last month and found my courses interesting. But I have some difficulties with note-taking and I have no idea of how to use the library. I was told the Learning Center provides help for students and Im anxious to get help from you. I have no class on Tuesday mornings and Friday afternoons. Please let me know which day is OK with you. You may email or phone me. Here are my email address and phone number: [email protected]; 12345678.
Looking forward to your reply.