湖南张家界市2018年中考英语真题试卷(带解析)

时间:2018-09-04 作者:佚名 试题来源:网络

湖南张家界市2018年中考英语真题试卷(带解析)

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 湖南省张家界市2018年中考英语真题试题
考生注意:本试卷分为听力、完型填空、阅读理解和写作四部分,满分100分,时量120分钟。   
第一部分  听力
做题时, 请先将答案标在试卷上,录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将答案转涂到答题卡上。
第一节
听下面五段对话,每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题,每段对话读两遍。
1. What club does Lisa want to join?
 A. The sports club.           B. The chess club.             C. The music club.
2. Is Grace at home?
  A. Yes, she is.               B. No, she isn’t.                  C. Sorry, I don’t know.
3. Why does Tom like pandas?
  A. Because they are ugly.         B. Because they are handsome.   C. Because they are cute.
4. How often does Cheng Tao read?
  A. Every day.                   B. Twice a week.              C. Three times a week.
5. Who is taller?
  A. Bill.                      B. Laura.                    C. Bill’s elder sister.
第二节
听下面2段对话,每段对话后有2~3个小题,从每题所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话读两遍。
听第6段对话,回答第6和第7两个小题。
6. What’s Linda doing?
  A. She’s cleaning her room.   B. She’s doing her homework.    C. She’s cooking at home.
7. Why does Jim call Linda?
  A. To invite her to the supermarket.              
B. To invite her to watch a movie.               
C. To invite her to have dinner.   
听第7段对话,回答第8至第10三个小题。
8. When did Tina go to Sanya?
  A. Last summer.            B. This spring.                 C. This summer.
9. How did Tina go there?
  A. By bus.                 B. By plane.                      C. By train.
10. Did she play volleyball?
  A. Yes, she did.             B. No, she didn’t.              C. No, she doesn’t.
第三节
听下面一段独白,根据所听内容填空。听独白前,你将有15秒钟的时间阅读表格中的内容,听完后将给出25秒钟的作答时间。独白念两遍。
Great sale!
Time From      11     to Friday.
Special sweaters We have green sweaters for only      12    .
For boys Black      13     for only¥22 on the second floor.
For girls Skirts in      14      for only¥20 on the     15     floor.

 
第二部分  完型填空
通读下面短文,从每题所给的A、B、C三个选项中,选出最佳选项填空,使短文意思通顺、结构完整。
A
Last weekend we went camping in a small village in India. First, we took a long bus ride to a lake in the countryside. Then we ___1___ our tents and made a fire to keep us ___2___ and cook food on. On the first night, we just sat under ___3___ moon and told each other stories.
The next morning, my sister and I got a terrible surprise. When we looked out of our ___4___, we saw a big snake sleeping near the fire. I was so scared ___5___ I couldn’t move. We shouted to our parents for help. My dad started ___6___ up and down in the tent. This woke the snake up and it moved away. My dad told ___7___ later that snakes don’t have ears but can feel things moving. He ___8___ told me it was important not to go near a snake. This was a very useful lesson for me.
1. A. put up    B. put down    C. gave up
2. A. cool    B. cold    C. warm
3. A. a    B. an    C. the
4. A. tent    B. bus    C. house
5. A. that    B. which    C. if
6. A. jump    B. jumped    C. to jump
7. A. I    B. me    C. my
8. A. too    B. also    C. either
【答案】1. A    2. C    3. C    4. A    5. A    6. C    7. B    8. B
【解析】
这是一则小故事,讲了一家人去印度一个小村庄野营期间的故事
【1题详解】
句意:然后我们搭起了我们的帐篷…。A.举起,搭起B.放下C.放弃,前句说我们到了乡下的湖边,这里是应该是要“扎营”put up tents,故选A。
【2题详解】
句意:然后我们搭起了我们的帐篷并生起了火以让我们保持温暖并且在上面做饭。A.凉爽的B.寒冷的C.温暖的,keep sb + adj意为“让某人保持…的状态”,make a fire意为“生火”,所以是让我们保持暖和,故选C。
【3题详解】
句意:在第一个晚上,我们只是坐在月亮下面,给彼此讲故事。moon意为“月亮”,是独一无二的星体,类似太阳sun,通常只能在其前面加定冠词the,这里under the moon意为“在月亮下面”,故选C。
【4题详解】
句意:当我们向我们的帐篷外面看的时候,我们看到一条大蛇睡在火堆附近。A.帐篷B.公交汽车C.房子,这里的时间是“the next morning”第二天早上,所以我们起来应该是从自己的帐篷tent朝外面看,故选A。
【5题详解】
句意:我很害怕以至于我不能动了。So +adj + that…意为“如此…以至于…”,不存在so…that/if的结构,这里是说“如此”害怕以至于不能动了,故选A。
【6题详解】
句意:我的爸爸开始在帐篷里面上上下下地跳跃。动词jump意为“跳跃”,start to do意为“开始做…”,这里是说“开始跳跃”,start后加动词不定式to jump,故选C。
【7题详解】
句意:我爸爸后来告诉我蛇没有耳朵但是能够感觉到东西在移动。A.我(主格)B.我(宾格)C.我的,told意为“告诉”,是动词,这里是“告诉我”,“我”在这里做动词told的宾语,所以需要使用宾格me,故选B。
【8题详解】
句意:他也告诉我不要走到蛇的附近是很重要的。A.也(通常位于句末)B.也(通常位于句中)C.也(不),too 意思是“也”,只能放在句尾,用于肯定句,在本句中不合适,either意思是“也不”,只能放在句尾,用于否定句,不适合本句,also用于肯定句中,即动词be 助动词和情态动词后行为动词前,本句是用在了动词told前,故选B。
B
Chinese writer Mo Yan has won the 2012 Nobel Prize in Literature (文学). He is the first Chinese ___9___ has won this prize.
Mo Yan was born into a family in Shangdong ___10___ 1955. He left school at the age of twelve, first on a farm and ___11___ in a factory. In 1976 he ___12___ the PLA and during this time he began to study ___13___. His first short story came out in 1981. He has written many famous books about his childhood and his hometown. Many of his books have been translated into English, French and many other ___14___.
Mo Yan’s winning of the Nobel Prize is bringing more confidence (自信) to the nation’s young ___15___.
9. A. which    B. who    C. what
10. A. on    B. in    C. at
11. A. later    B. last    C. lately
12. A. join    B. joins    C. joined
13. A. drawing    B. farming    C. writing
14. A. languages    B. subjects    C. lessons
15. A. speakers    B. writers    C. listeners
【答案】9. B    10. B    11. A    12. C    13. C    14. A    15. B
【解析】
【分析】
本文简单讲述了2012诺贝尔文学奖的获得者莫言的相关情况。
【9题详解】
句意:他是第一个赢得这个奖项的中国人。空格后面的部分是用来修饰先行词“Chinese”中国人的,是这个名词的定语从句,先行词Chinese在定语从句中做主语,所以要选用关系代词who/that。which在定语从句做主语的时候,先行词必须指物,排除A,what不能引导定语从句,排除C,故选B。
【10题详解】
句意:莫言生于1955年,在一个山东的家庭里。1955是年份,表示“在…某一年”需要使用介词in,on通常指的是“在某一天”,at指的是“在…具体点钟”,故选B。
【11题详解】
句意:他十二岁的时候离开了学校,开始在农场上,后来在一家工厂里。A.后来B.最后的C.最近,这里和first(起初)呼应,是说“后来”later他去了一家工厂,故选A。
【12题详解】
句意:在1976年,他加入了中国人民解放军…。Join是动词,意为“加入”,这是在说1976年的事情,是过去的事情,需要使用一般过去时joined,故选C。
【13题详解】
句意:在这段时间期间,他开始学习写作。A.画画B.农事C.写作,从开头就知道莫言获得的是诺贝尔文学奖,加之后面看到他出版了短篇故事,所以他应该学的是写作,故选C。
【14题详解】
句意:他的许多书已经被翻译成了英语、法语和许多其他的语言。A.语言,B,主题;科目C.课程,从“英语、法语”这里看出他的作品应该是被翻译成了许多其他的“语言”languages,故选A。
【15题详解】
句意:莫言赢得诺贝尔奖给国家的青年作家正带来更多的自信。A.发言人B.作家C.听众,莫言是作家,所以他获奖应该能够鼓舞青年作家,故选B。
【点睛】本题第2题出现了时间介词的考查,这里总结一下时间介词in, on, at的用法:1、at指时间表示:(1)时间的一点、时刻等,如: at noon, at midnight, at ten o’clock, at daybreak, at dawn。(2)较短暂的一段时间,可指某个节日或被认为是一年中标志大事的日子,如:at Christmas。2、in指时间表示:(1)在某个较长的时间(如世纪、朝代、年、月、季节以及泛指的上午、下午或傍晚等)内,如:in 2004, in March, in spring, in the morning, in the evening。(2)在一段时间之后,一般情况下,用于将来时,意为“在……以后”,如:He will arrive in two hours.(他在两个小时后会到达)。3、on指时间表示:(1)具体的时日和一个特定的时间,如某日、某节日、星期几等,如:On Christmas Day,On May 4th,(2)在某个特定的早晨、下午或晚上,如: on the night of the 5th.
第三部分  阅读理解
第一节
阅读下面短文,从每题所给的A、B、C三个选项中,选出最佳选项。
A
Student Volunteers Needed!
On Saturday, December 12th, from 10 A.M. until 4 P.M., Carverton Middle School will be holding a music festival in the school gym. The special event will feature (以……为特征) many professional musicians and singers.
Task Time Date
Make posters 1 P.M.– 4 P.M. December 5th
Set up gym 11 A.M.– 4 P.M. December 11th
Help performers 9 A.M.– 4 P.M. December 12th
Welcome guests 10 A.M.–2 P.M. December 12th
Clean up gym 4 P.M.–7 P.M. December 12th

Interested students should speak with Ms. Braxton, the music teacher. Students who would like to help at the festival must have written permission from a parent or guardian (监护人).
16. What time will the festival begin?
A. 1 P.M. December 5th.    B. 11 A.M. December 11th.    C. 10 A.M. December 12th.
17. Where will the festival be held?
A. In the school gym.    B. On the playground.    C. In the meeting hall.
18. What task will be done the day before the festival begins?
A. Helping performers.    B. Setting up the gym.    C. Cleaning up the gym.
19. Who is told to talk to Ms. Braxton?
A. Parents.    B. Teachers.    C. Students.
20. This passage is written to         .
A. look for student volunteers    B. invite professional musicians    C. help parents
【答案】16. C    17. A    18. B    19. C    20. A
【解析】
这是一则布告,为即将进行的一场音乐节寻找学生志愿者,文中列出了志愿者相关需要做的任务。
【16题详解】
句意:这个节日什么时候开始?A. 12月5日下午一点。B. 12月11日上午十一点。 C.12月12日上午十点。原文“On Saturday, December 12th, from 10 A.M. until 4 P.M., Carverton Middle School will be holding a music festival in the school gym.”(12月12日星期六,上午10点到下午4点,卡弗顿中学将在学校体育馆举办音乐节。)说明节日开始的时间是12月12日上午十点,故选C。
【17题详解】
句意:节日将在哪里举行?A.在学校的体育馆。B.在操场上。C.在会议厅。原文“On Saturday, December 12th, from 10 A.M. until 4 P.M., Carverton Middle School will be holding a music festival in the school gym.”(12月12日星期六,上午10点到下午4点,卡弗顿中学将在学校体育馆举办音乐节。)说明节日举行的地点是在体育馆,故选A。
【18题详解】
句意:节日开始前一天将完成什么任务?A.帮助表演者。B.准备体育馆。 C.清理健身房。节日是在12月12日举行,前一天是12月11日,根据表格,找到December 11th12月11日要做的事情是“Set up gym”(准备体育馆),故选B。
【19题详解】
句意:谁被告知要与布拉克斯顿女士交谈?A.父母B.教师C.学生。原文“Interested students should speak with Ms. Braxton, the music teacher.”(有兴趣的学生应该和音乐老师布拉克斯顿女士交谈。)说明学生是要被告知要与布拉克斯顿女士交谈,故选C。
【20题详解】
句意:这篇文章是写出来用来寻找学生志愿者的。A.寻找学生志愿者B.邀请专业音乐家C.帮助父母。从标题“Student Volunteers Needed”(需要学生志愿者)就能看出这篇文章的目的是用来寻找志愿者,文中也讲了学生志愿者要做的任务,故选A。
B
Dear Marcos,
Hi, my name is Rebecca and I am your new pen pal. I’m twelve years old, and I live in Barcelona, Spain. I go to the 7th grade in Saint Michael School. On weekdays, I get up at 6 o’clock. The school starts at 7:30 in the morning. I have my lunch at the school cafeteria and I usually leave around 3:30 in the afternoon. I am good at math, I also like history and geography but my favorite subject is science. I like playing basketball and soccer. I also play tennis, and I like swimming. On the weekends, I go to the movie theater with my friends. We like action movies. I usually go to church with my parents on Sundays.
Please write and tell me about you and your life. What’s your family like? What do you like doing in your spare time? I hope to hear from you soon. 
Best wishes,
Rebecca
21. Rebecca lives in         .
A. Spain    B. England    C. China
22. What time does the school start?
A. Around 3:30 P.M..    B. At 7:30 A.M..    C. At 6 :00 A.M..
23. What’s Rebecca’s favorite subject?
A. Math.    B. History.    C. Science.
24. On Sundays, Rebecca          with her parents.
A. plays tennis    B. goes to church    C. goes to the movie theater
25. From this passage we know         .
A. Rebecca and her friends like action movies
B. Rebecca doesn’t like sports at all
C. Rebecca and Marcos are classmates
【答案】21. A    22. B    23. C    24. B    25. A
【解析】
这是丽贝卡写给笔友马科斯的一封信,信中丽贝卡简单介绍了自己的个人情况、喜好、学校情况等,也期待马科斯能够给她回信谈谈他自己的生活。
【21题详解】
句意:丽贝卡住在西班牙。A.西班牙B.英格兰C.中国。这是丽贝卡写给马科斯的一封信,原文“I’m twelve years old, and I live in Barcelona, Spain.”(我十二岁,我住在西班牙巴塞罗那。)说明丽贝卡住在西班牙,故选A。
【22题详解】
句意:学校几点开始上课?A.下午3:30左右.B.早上7点半C.早上6点。原文“The school starts at 7:30 in the morning.”(学校在早上七点半开始上课),故选B。
【23题详解】
句意:丽贝卡最喜欢的科目是什么?A.数学B.历史C.科学。原文“I am good at math, I also like history and geography but my favorite subject is science.”(我擅长数学,我也喜欢历史和地理,但我最喜欢的科目是科学。)说明丽贝卡最喜欢的科目是科学,故选C。
【24题详解】
句意:在每星期天,丽贝卡和她的父母一起去教堂。A.打网球B.去教堂C.去电影院。原文“I usually go to church with my parents on Sundays. ”(我通常在星期天和父母一起去教堂。)说明每星期天丽贝卡和她的父母一起去教堂,故选B。
【25题详解】
句意:我们从这篇文章中可以知道丽贝卡和她的朋友喜欢动作片。A.丽贝卡和她的朋友喜欢动作片B.丽贝卡根本不喜欢运动C.丽贝卡和马科斯是同学。原文“We like action movies.”(我们喜欢动作片)说明A正确,原文“I like playing basketball and soccer.”(我喜欢打篮球,踢足球)说明丽贝卡喜欢运动,B错误,原文“I am your new pen pal”(我是你的新笔友)说明丽贝卡和马科斯的关系是笔友,不是同学,C错误,故选A。

C
Everyone gets angry. Many things may make you angry. Maybe your teacher gave you too much homework. Or maybe a friend borrowed your favorite video game and then broke it. You may get angry when something doesn’t go your way. Maybe you get mad at yourself when your team loses an important game. Or maybe you become a road rager (路怒族) when a driver accidentally cuts in front of you. That makes you angry!
You need to know what to do with your anger. Here are some things you can do when you feel angry:
•Count to 10.
•Get or give a hug.
•Talk to a friend you can trust.
•Draw a picture of your anger.
•Sing along with the music player.
•Take some exercise, such as taking a bike ride, going skating and playing basketball.
Never getting angry is impossible. But when you’re angry, you can do something and it can make things better. Don’t let anger be the boss of you. Take charge of it!
26. According to the passage, which of the following things can make you angry?
A. Your friend asked you to help him.
B. Your teacher gave you too much homework.
C. Your parents gave you a gift on your birthday.
27. The underlined part “when something doesn’t go your way” probably means         .
A. when you get lost
B. when you are on a wrong way
C. when things don’t go as you imagine
28. In the passage, the writer gives us         pieces of advice.
A. five    B. six    C. seven
29. As for doing with anger, which of the following is NOT mentioned in the passage?
A. Talk to a friend you believe.    B. Get a hug.    C. Pull weeds in the garden.
30. The passage is mainly about         .
A. how to deal with your anger
B. never getting angry
C. drawing a picture of your anger
【答案】26. B    27. C    28. B    29. C    30. A
【解析】
每个人都生气,很多事情可能会让你生气。这篇文章就向读者介绍了如何来面对自己的愤怒,提出了几条切实可行的建议。
【26题详解】
句意:根据这篇文章,以下哪些事情会让你生气?A.你的朋友请你帮助他。B.你的老师给你留了太多的作业。C.你的父母在你生日那天送给你一份礼物。原文“Maybe your teacher gave you too much homework.”(可能你的老师给你留了太多的作业),这是文中提到的可能让人愤怒的事情,A和C的事情没有被提到,故选B。
【27题详解】
句意:划线部分“当某些事情不顺利”可能的意思是当事情没有像你想象的那样发展。A.当你迷路的时候B.当你走错路时C.当事情没有像你想象的那样发展。这个句子的前半部分是“You may get angry”(你可能会生气),可以推出“当事情没有像你想象的那样发展”你会生气,故选C。
【28题详解】
句意:在这篇文章中,作者给了我们六条建议。A.五B.六C.七。文中作者为我们提出了很多建议,原文“Count to 10. Get or give a hug. Talk to a friend you can trust. Draw a picture of your anger. Sing along with the music player. Take some exercise”(数到10;获得或给出一个拥抱;和你可以信任的朋友交谈;画出你愤怒的照片;和音乐播放器一起唱歌;做一些运动),一共是六条建议,故选B。
【29题详解】
句意:至于对待愤怒,文章中没有提到以下哪一项?A.和你相信的朋友交谈。B.拥抱一下。C.在花园里拔杂草。关于如何处理愤怒,作者提出了几条建议,原文“Count to 10. Get or give a hug. Talk to a friend you can trust. Draw a picture of your anger. Sing along with the music player. Take some exercise”(数到10;获得或给出一个拥抱;和你可以信任的朋友交谈;画出你愤怒的照片;和音乐播放器一起唱歌;做一些运动),AB均提到了,C没有提到,故选C。
【30题详解】
句意:这篇文章主要是关于如何处理你的愤怒的。A.如何处理你的愤怒B.永远不要生气C.画出你愤怒的照片。这篇文章首先讲了每个人都会有愤怒的时候,然后介绍了几种处理愤怒的方法,告诉我们愤怒虽然是不可避免的,但我们要学会对待愤怒,所以文章的主题应该是如何处理你的愤怒,故选A。
第二节
阅读下面短文,根据所读内容回答问题。
When I first arrived on this island, I had nothing. But I’ve found the ship and made a small boat. I’ve brought back many things I can use—food and drink, tools, knives and guns. Although I have lost everything, I have not lost my life. So I will not give up and I will wait for another ship. I have already cut down trees and built a house. I go out with my gun almost every day to kill animals and birds for food. I’m even learning to grow fruit and vegetables.
A few weeks ago, I found the marks of another man’s feet on the sand. Who else is on my island? Not long after that, I saw some cannibals trying to kill two men from a broken ship. One of them died but the other ran towards my house. I helped him kill the cannibals. This man now lives with me and helps me. I named him Friday because that day was the day I met him. He is smart and I have already taught him some English.
—Taken from Robinson Crusoe
31. Did Robinson have anything when he first arrived on the island?
   ____________________________________________________
32. What has Robinson brought back from the ship?
____________________________________________________
33. What is Robinson learning to grow?
   ____________________________________________________
34. Who tried to kill two men from a broken ship?
   ____________________________________________________
35. Why did Robinson name the man Friday?
   ____________________________________________________
【答案】31. No, he didn’t./No./He didn’t.   
32. He has brought back food and drink, tools, knives and guns.   
33. He is learning to grow fruit and vegetables.   
34. Some cannibals./Some cannibals  tried to kill two men from a broken ship.   
35. Because he met the man on Friday. / Because Friday was the day he met him./ Because that day was the day he met him.
【解析】
这篇故事节选自《鲁滨逊漂流记》,简要概括了一下鲁滨逊在岛上的遭遇。
【31题详解】
句意:鲁滨逊第一次到岛上时有什么东西吗?原文“When I first arrived on this island, I had nothing.”(当我第一次到这个岛上的时候,我什么都没有)说明鲁滨逊第一次到岛上时什么都没有,故填 No, he didn’t./No./He didn’t.
【32题详解】
句意:鲁宾逊从船上带回来了什么?原文“I’ve brought back many things I can use—food and drink, tools, knives and guns.”(我带回了许多我可以使用的东西 - 食物和饮料,工具,刀具和枪支。),注意在回答的时候需要转换人称,要说“他带回了食物和饮料,工具,刀具和枪支”,故填 He has brought back food and drink, tools, knives and guns.
【33题详解】
句意:鲁宾逊学习种植的是什么?原文“I’m even learning to grow fruit and vegetables.”(我甚至还在学习种植水果和蔬菜。),注意在回答的时候需要转换人称,故填He is learning to grow fruit and vegetables.
【34题详解】
句意:谁试图杀死来自破船上的两名男子?原文“I helped him kill the cannibals.”(我帮他杀了食人族。)说明杀人的人是“食人族”,故填Some cannibals./Some cannibals tried to kill two men from a broken ship.
【35题详解】
句意:为什么鲁宾逊把这名男子命名为星期五?原文“I named him Friday because that day was the day I met him.”(我给他取名星期五,因为那天我遇见了他。),所以取名的原因可以填“因为周五他遇到了那个男人/因为星期五是他遇见他的那一天/因为那天是他遇见他的那一天”,可填 Because he met the man on Friday. / Because Friday was the day he met him./ Because that day was the day he met him.
第四部分  写作
第一节 补全对话
阅读下面对话,根据上下文补全对话内容。
Tom:  Hi, Sarah. _______________36_______________
Sarah: We talked about our dreams freely in class.
 Tom: _______________37_______________
Sarah: I want to be a singer.
Tom:  _______________38_______________
Sarah: Well, because I think singing is a great way to express my feelings about the world. It’s much fun for me.
 Tom:  _______________39_______________
Sarah: Well, I’m going to keep on taking singing lessons and practice more .
Tom: Sounds great! I hope your dream will come true.
Sarah: _______________40_______________
【答案】36. What did you do in class?   
37. What do you want to be in the future? / What’s your dream?/ What do you want to be when you grow up?   
38. Why? / Why do you want to be a singer? / A singer, why?/Why do you like singing?   
39. How are you going to do that?/ What are you going to do?/ What will you do?   
40. Thanks! / Thank you!/I hope so!
【解析】
【36题详解】
从后句的“我们在班里自由讨论我们的梦想”,说明前句是在问“你们在班里做什么”,用what提问,注意时态,答句用了一般过去时,问句也用过去式提问,故填What did you do in class?
【37题详解】
从答句的“我想要成为一名歌手”,说明前句是在问“你想要成为什么”,可以填“你将来想做什么?/你的梦想是什么?/你长大后想做什么?”,提问“什么”借助疑问词what,可填 What do you want to be in the future? / What’s your dream?/ What do you want to be when you grow up?
【38题详解】
从答句的“好吧,因为我认为唱歌是表达我对这个世界的感受的好方法”,看到了because说明是在陈述原因,提问原因用疑问词why,这里是在问“为什么想要成为歌手”,可填“为什么?/你为什么想成为一名歌手?/歌手,为什么?/你为什么喜欢唱歌?”,可填 Why? / Why do you want to be a singer? / A singer, why?/Why do you like singing?
【39题详解】
句意:从答句看出“好吧,我将继续学习唱歌课程并练习更多。”说明前句是在问“你打算怎么做”,可填“你打算怎么做?/你打算做什么?/你会做什么?”,注意时态应该使用一般将来时,用来问将来的打算,可填How are you going to do that?/ What are you going to do?/ What will you do?
【40题详解】
句意:前句说“我希望你的梦想将会实现”,说明表达了祝福,答句要表达“感谢”,可填 Thanks! / Thank you!/I hope so!
第二节 书面表达
41. 你班将于本周六组织同学们去张家界国家森林公园进行科普小活动。请你根据下面的提示,以班长李华的名义给同学们发布一则通知。
 
要求:1.内容必须包括所提示信息,可适当发挥。
2.文中不能出现自己的真实姓名和学校名称。
3.不少于50词(文章开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数)。

Dear classmates,
May I have your attention please? We will have scientific activities in Zhangjiajie Forest Park this Saturday. 
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
That’s all. Thank you!
【答案】Dear classmates,
May I have your attention please? We will have scientific activities in Zhangjiajie Forest Park this Saturday.
We are going to meet at the school gate at 8:00 in the morning. We will go to the forest park by bus. When we get there, first we should listen to a talk about the forest park. Then we will go to the forest to know about plants. We should take some notes about what we have learned. We will return at 3:00 in the afternoon.
That’s all. Thank you!
【解析】
【分析】
写作分析:这篇作文的写作背景是班级将于本周六组织同学们去张家界国家森林公园进行科普小活动。需要根据提示,以班长李华的名义给同学们发布一则通知。题干中给出了一些细节,最重要的是读懂这些信息,然后用有逻辑的语言组织好通知,中心圆圈说的是“在张家界森林公园的科普活动”,圆圈上面写的是“如何去那里,乘公交”,圆圈左边写的是“何时见面:在早上8点;什么时候返回:下午三点半”,圆圈右边写的是“做什么:听取谈论关于森林公园的事情,了解植物并做笔记”,圆圈下面写的是“在哪里见面:在学校大门”,写作中要注意正确组织这些素材。
【详解】写作亮点:这则通知的开头已经给出,已经说明了“我们将要于本周六前往张家界森林公园进行科普活动”,所以写作的重点在于正确组织给出的素材,首先可以介绍集合的地点和时间,注意这件事还没发生,要正确使用一般将来时We are going to meet…我们将要见面…。然后可以介绍前往公园的方式,在写公园的活动的时候可以借助first首先,then然后这样的词语来增强逻辑性,最后写返回的时间,这篇写作的难点在于正确根据事件发生的先后顺序组织材料进行写作,写作的时候要注意逻辑性,语言的条理性,总体说这篇作文完成了既定的写作任务。

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