时间:2018-08-08 作者:佚名 试题来源:网络


源 莲山 课件 w w
w.5Y k J.cOM

 How can we become good learners?
1. finish
finish意为“完成,结束”,作及物动词时,其后可跟名词、代词或动名词。即:finish sth.或finish doing sth.。例如:
    I finished my homework this morning. 我今天上午做完了作业。
    When did you finish drawing the picture? 你什么时候画完那幅画的?
    能接v.-ing作宾语的动词还有:practice; enjoy; mind; keep等。
practice doing sth. 练习做某事
enjoy doing sth. 喜欢做某事
mind doing sth. 介意做某事
keep doing sth. 一直做某事
2. afraid
(1)be afraid表示“害怕做某事”或“不敢做某事”,be afraid 之后可接不定式,也可接名词、代词或of doing sth.。例如:
She was afraid to tell you. 她害怕告诉你。
She is afraid of going out alone late at night. 她很怕深夜独自外出。
I’m afraid of the dog. 我怕狗。
(2)但若要表示担心可能会发生某事,则只能用 be afraid of doing而不能用 be afraid to do。
I’m afraid of being late for class. 我担心上课迟到。
(3)be afraid后可接that从句。例如:
He is afraid that his father will be unhappy.
3. realize
(1) realize作为及物动词,意为“认识到,了解”。例如:
He didn’t realize his mistake until his mother told him.
I didn’t realize how late it was. 我没有意识到天已经那么晚了。
When he realized what had happened, he was sorry.
(2) realize还可以表示“实现;完成”的意思。例如:
The girl finally realized her dream of becoming an actress.
(1)recognize也可以用作及物动词,表示“认出, 辨认”的意思。例如:
I recognized his voice. 我辨认出了他的声音。
I recognized her as my friend’s daughter. 我认出了她是我朋友的女儿。
I recognized him to be cleverer than I am. 我认识到他比我聪明。
4. improve
Their French has improved a lot.   他们的法语进步很大。
We haven’t discovered how to improve it.
You’d better work out a plan to improve your writing skills.
We are always seeking to improve productivity.
Who discovered America? 谁发现了美洲?
It was discovered among waste paper. 这是在废纸中发现的。
(2) 表示“发现”某一情况,其后可以接名词或代词作宾语,也可接复合宾语或特殊疑问词+不定式作宾语。例如:
We soon discovered the truth. 我们很快发现了事实真相。
We discovered her to be a good cook. 我们发现她很会煮饭。
We haven’t discovered how to improve it. 我们还没找到如何改进它的办法。
He discovered electricity. 他发现了电。
(2)find 意为“找到;得到,求得”。
I can find the answer to the question. 我找到了问题的答案。
(3)invent 意为“发明,创造”。
He invented the first electric clock. 他发明了第一个电动机械钟。
6.look up
look up 意为“(在词典或参考书中)查阅,检查”,其后跟名词作宾语,名词可放在look和up之间,也可放在look up 之后;如果代词作宾语,则只能放在look和up之间。例如:
Look up the word in the book, and you will know its meaning.
Please look them up in the dictionary carefully.
【拓展】look 的相关短语:
  look up(在字典、参考书中)查询所需的信息
  look for寻找
  look over(医生)仔细检查
  look around 环顾四周
  look after照看
  look at 看……
  look down on 看不起
(1) patient作形容词,意为“有耐心的, 能忍受的”,后接with/of。
He’s a very patient man. 他是个很有耐心的人。
(2) patient作名词,意为“病人”。
The doctor is very patient with his patients. 那位医师对病人十分耐心。
Would you mind making some room for the patient?
(1) create作动词,意为“创造,创作,创建”。
God creates human beings. 上帝创造了人类。
An artist should create beautiful things. 一个艺术家应该创造美丽的东西。
It is people who create history.  是人民创造了历史。
Yoga releases the creative potential in life.  瑜伽释放出生命中创造的潜力。
Pay close attention to your own creative ideas. 时刻关注自己创造性的想法。
I. 英汉词组互译。
1.犯错误           _______________   
2.依赖;取决于     _______________  
3.对……感兴趣     _______________  
4.即使             _______________  
5.in common        _______________ 
6.pay attention to     _______________  
7.each other         _______________  
8.find out           _______________
II. 根据首字母提示补全句子。
1.Please read the passage a________,so that we can hear you clearly.
2. Every morning,he practices p_______English words to improve his spoken English.  
3.Sorry,I can’t follow you.Would you please speak more s________?
4.Little Tom did well in the English exam.He hardly made any m________.
5.This T-shirt is small for me.Can you show me a________ one?
6.I had a long c________ with her the other day. 
7.—Let’s climb the mountains if it doesn’t rain tomorrow.
   —That s________ great.
8.I h________ my pen in my pocket.Nobody couldn’t find it.
III. 根据汉语提示完成句子。
1.His ________(发音)is very good and he speaks English very well.
2.How to ________(提高) English is important to us.        
3.I’m sorry I can’t understand your ________(口语)English.
4.At ________(首先),you should be confident. 
5.She is very ________(耐心的)with young children.
 IV. 用括号中所给单词适当形式填空。
1. Mary thought that          (memorize) the words of songs could help her a little about  Chinese learning.
2. I have to       (practice) the piano for hours every day. It’s really       (frustrate).
3. Can you teach me how      (use) the computer?
4. Julie is afraid of       (go) out in the evening.
5. Why not ______(join)an English language club to practice speaking English?
6. My sister has made a lot of _______(mistake) in her exam paper.
7.Don’t give it up.You’ll be ________(succeed) some day.
8.It's not enough for us ________(study)hard.We also need good learning habits.
I. 英汉词组互译。
1. make a mistake/ make mistakes  2. depend on  3. be interested in
4. even though/even if   5. 共同地  6. 注意  7. 互相 8. 查明;发现
II. 根据首字母提示补全句子。
1. aloud       2. pronouncing     3. slowly     4. mistakes
5. another      6. conversation     7. sounds     8.hid
1. pronunciation  2. improve  3.spoken  4. first  5. patient
IV. 用括号中所给单词适当形式填空。
1. memorizing    2. practice,frustrating    3. to use      4.going 
5.join           6.mistakes             7. successful   8. to study 


1. I’m a little nervous.
(1)little 和a little都意为“一点”,可以修饰不可数名词。前者表示否定,即“几乎没有”。后者表示肯定,即 “有一点”。
 I have only a little money. 我只有一点钱。
 There is little milk in the fridge. 冰箱里没有牛奶了。
( 2)a little还可以修饰形容词和副词,相当于a bit,意为“有点”。
 I’m a little tired. I want to sleep. 我有点累了,我想睡了。
 The weather is a little cold. 天有点冷。
2. Don’t read word by word.
(1) 该句是一个祈使句,省略了句子的主语you,以动词原形开头,表示命令、邀请、请求等语气。有时为了表达较委婉或客气的语气,可在句子开头或末尾加please。例如:
 Open the door, please! 请打开门。
 Come in, please. 请进。
    Save the document before you turn off the computer. (肯定句)
    Don’t forget to save the document before you turn off the computer. (否定句)
3. But whether or not you can do this well depends on your learning habit.
Whether it is true remains a question.(主语从句)那是不是真的还是个问题。
The question is whether it is true.(表语从句)问题是是不是真的。
We have a doubt whether it is true.(同位语从句) 我们怀疑那是不是真的。
  I asked her, “Do you study English here?” 我问她:“你在这里学习英语吗?” →
  I asked her if/ whether she studied English there. 我问她是否在那里学习英语。
  (1) if后不能直接接or not。
  (2) whether可作介词的宾语。
  (3) whether后可接不定式。
  (4) whether可用于句首。
  (5) whether可引导主语从句、表语从句。例如:
Everything depends on whether we have enough money. 一切都取决于我们是否有足够的钱。
Whether it is right or wrong, I don’t know. 正确与否,我不知道。
It doesn’t matter whether he will come or not. 他来不来没关系。
4. The more you read, the faster you’ll be.
“The +形容词/副词的比较级+主语+谓语,the +形容词/副词的比较级+主语+谓语”
The more careful you are, the fewer mistakes you’ll make.
这种句型表示事物本身程度的逐渐增长,意思是“越来越......”。 例如:
longer and longer 越来越长;   more and more beautiful 越来越漂亮。
(2)as+ 形容词/副词的原级+ as...
这个句型表示同级比较,即比较的结果是一样的,在as和as的中间用形容词或副词的原级。在否定句中既可以用not as... as...,也可以用not so... as...,表示前者不如后者。例如:
He is as tall as my brother. 他和我的弟弟一样高。
It is not as/ so warm as it was yesterday. 今天不如昨天暖和。
5. I also realize I could get the meaning by listening for just the key words.
We study English by talking with foreigners. 我们通过与外国人谈话来学习英语。
如:by car 乘小汽车, by air 乘飞机,by sea 乘(海)船,by plane 乘飞机等。
They go to work by bus. 他们乘坐公共汽车上班。
I. 句型转换,按要求完成下列句子。
1. Alice studies for tests by listening to tapes.(对划线部分提问)
_______ _______ Alice _______ for tests?
2. The best way to learn English is using English.(对划线部分提问)
_______ _______ the best way to learn English?
3. Ann often writes vocabulary lists.(改为一般疑问句)
______ Ann often ______ vocabulary lists?
4. I was too excited to sleep last night.(改为同义句)
  I was _______ ______ that I couldn’t sleep last night.
5. It is sunny. We won’t have a picnic.(用unless改写句子)
6.She was afraid of asking questions.(改为同义句)
   She was afraid ________ ________ questions.
II. 根据汉语提示,完成句子。
   I improve my writing skills ________ ________ mails ________ my pen pals.
   Lily ________ ________ a partner ________ ________ English ________.
   Good learners often ________ ________ they need to learn ________ ________ ________
   Bell ________ by ________ many ________.
   If you ______ ______ ______ something,your brain ______ ______ more active.
   Why don’t you ________ the teacher ________some help?
   The more you read,________ ________ you’ll be.
_______ _______, I ________ I was wrong.
  I’m _______ ________ _______making mistakes _______ ______ when I speak English.
  _______ ________ _______of losing weight is to eat less and do ________ exercise.
III. 补全对话。
A: Hey, Bill, ______(1)?
B: Oh, I’m thinking about life in the countryside.
A: ________(2)?
B: Yeah, I like it very much. In the countryside, the air is fresh, the sky is bluer, and there are   
also green trees and clearer rivers.
A: It’s quieter, too. People can enjoy the beauties of nature there.
A: ______(3)!
B: So it is. The wind is blowing strongly with lots of sand. I couldn’t see anything, and my  
   face hurt while I was walking down the street just now.
A: I’m sorry to hear that. But ______(4)?
B: People have cut down too many trees. As a result, lots of rich land has changed into  
A: That’s too bad, but______(5)?
B: Trees can stop the wind from blowing the earth away. And a lot of water can be saved by 
   forests. They can also prevent the water from washing the earth away.
I. 句型转换,按要求完成下列句子。
1.How does, study  2. What is  3. Does,write  4. so excited 
5. We won’t have a picnic unless it is sunny.   6. to ask
II. 根据汉语提示,完成句子。
1. by writing, to   2.doesn’t have, to practice, with
3.connect what, with something interesting
4.succeeded, trying, times
5.are interested in, will be more active
6. ask, for      7. the faster
8. Later on, realized   9. not afraid of; at all  
10. The best way, less, more
III. 补全对话。
1. what are you thinking of / about?
2. Do you like the countryside/ Do you like it?
3. What bad weather!/ How bad the weather is!/ What a terrible sandstorm!
4. what has caused/made it (the bad weather/ the sandstorms)?
5. how do trees influence/ affect the weather?

Unit 2 I think that mooncakes are delicious!
1. put on
  put on在本课中意为“增加(体重);发胖”。例如:
I can eat what I want but I never put on weight. 我想吃什么就吃什么,但是从来不发胖。
【拓展】put on的其他用法:
(1) 意为“穿上;戴上”。例如:
It’s much too cold outside. You should put on your coat. 外面太冷了,你应该穿上外套。
She put on her coat and went out. 她穿上大衣出去了。
(2) 意为“上演;举办”。例如:
The band is hoping to put on a UK show before the end of the year.
2. wish/hope
(1) 相同点:表示“想;希望”,宾语可为to do,不能用doing。例如:
I hope/wish to visit Guilin. 我希望去桂林观光。
(2) 不同点:wish后可以跟复合宾语,即wish sb. to do sth.,而hope不能。例如:
  I wish you to go. (正) 我希望你去。
  I hope you to go. (误) 我希望你去。
(3) 两者都可接that从句,但是“hope + that从句”表示希望,“wish + that从句”表示愿望,且从句的谓语动词要用虚拟语气。例如:
I hope you’ll be better soon. 我希望你很快好起来。
I wish I were really wealthy. 但愿我真的富有。
(4) wish后可接双宾语。例如:
We wish you a happy New Year! 我们祝你新年快乐!
3. miss
  I’ll miss you when you go to Canada. 你到了加拿大以后,我一定会想你。
(1) miss作动词还有“未击中,未抓住”的意思。例如:
   I tried to hit the ball but I missed. 我努力地想击中球,但却未成功。
(2) miss还可意为“未赶上,错过”,是动词。例如:
   I missed the football match on TV last night. 我错过了昨天晚上电视中的足球赛。
(3) miss与like; mind; finish; enjoy; practice; be busy; stop; can’t help; give up等词一样后接动词的-ing形式。例如:
   I don’t want to miss seeing that film on television tonight.
4. however
   She’s very intelligent. However, she’s quite lazy. 她非常聪明,但是她很懒惰。
   (1) however是副词,意为“不过;然而”,表转折时,与后面的句子用逗号隔开,不能与but连用。例如:
       My room is small. However, it’s comfortable. 我的房间小,但很舒服。
   (2) but是连词,意为“但是”,表示转折时,与后面内容相连,不用逗号隔开。例如:
      She is young but very clever. 她虽然年轻但非常聪明。
5. dress up
dress up意为“装扮,乔装打扮”或者“穿上盛装,打扮”。例如:
 You don’t need dress up for the party. 你不必为这个聚会精心打扮。
      dress up常与as;in连用构成短语dress up as…意为“装扮成……;乔装打扮成……”;dress up in…意为“穿上……”,后接表示衣服或颜色的名词。例如:
      He likes to dress up as a solider. 他喜欢装扮成军人。
      On Christmas Day we always dress up in red. 在圣诞节我们总是穿上红衣服。
6. care about
care about意为“担心;关心;在乎;对……感兴趣”。例如:
   Don’t you care about losing your job? 你难道不担心失去工作吗?
   I really care about the students in my class. 我真的很关心我班的学生。
   I don’t care about your opinion. 我对你的观点不感兴趣。
【拓展】care about与care for的辨析:
(1) care about意为“关心;在乎;介意”,强调出于责任感而“关心;在乎”。例如:
   My parents care about my health. 我父母关心我的健康。
(2) care for可意为“照料;照顾”,与take care of同义;也可意为“喜欢”,多用于疑问句或否定句,其同义短语为be fond of。例如:
   Would you care for a cup of tea? 你想喝杯茶吗?
   He helped me care for my mother when I left. 我离开时,他帮我照顾我母亲。
7. remind
(1) remind是及物动词,意思是“提醒、使某人想起”,经常和介词of连用构成动词短语remind somebody of somebody/something=remind somebody that+从句,意思是“使某人想起某事或者某人”。例如:
 Does that song remind you of your mother? 那首歌使你想起你的妈妈吗?
(2) 动词短语remind somebody to do something的意思是“提醒某人做某事”。例如:
 Please remind me to return the books to the library.
8. promise
    (1) 后接名词或代词作宾语,常可以带间接宾语,即构成promise sb. sth.   例如:
        He promised me the book. 他答应给我这本书。
(2) promise to do sth. 意为“承诺/答应做某事”。例如:
   He promised to help us. 他答应要帮助我们。
(3) promise sb. (not) to do sth. 意为“承诺/答应某人(不)做某事”。例如:
   I promise you not to say that. 我答应你不说那件事。
(4) promise + that从句,意为“承诺……”。例如:
   He promised that he would come straight home. 他承诺他会直接回家。

I. 英汉互译。
  1. 增加体重;发胖__________________      2. in two weeks__________________ 
  3. be similar to __________________       4. dress up __________________ 
  5. not only…but also __________________     6. 过去常常做……__________________ 
7. make money __________________       8. remind sb. of…__________________   9. 在……和……之间__________________     10. care about __________________ 
II. 根据句意及首字母和汉语提示写出所缺单词。
  1. The thief ___________(偷) some money from a lady’s handbag and ran away.
  2. After supper, we often take a walk in the ___________ (花园).
  3. She likes reading books and n___________ are her favorite.
  4. Tim was ___________(惩罚) for driving without license.
  5. My parents always w___________ me to keep away from animals.
  6. My canary(金丝雀) l___________ an egg last night.
  7. The kid is afraid to talk with s___________.
  8. Linda has a lot of ___________(亲戚) and friends.
  9. I often give my father a ___________(领带) as a gift.
10. They ___________(展开) the map out on the floor.
III. 用括号内所给单词的适当形式填空。
  1. The kid enjoyed _________________(eat) out with his parents on weekends.
  2. They planned _________________(share) the big cake with those old people.
  3. You can look up the _________________(mean) of the word in the dictionary.
  4. He realized the _________________(important) of keeping healthy.
  5. I spent my vacation with my parents _________________(happy) last week.

I. 英汉互译。
  1. put on   2. 两周后   3. 与……相似   4. 装扮;乔装打扮   5. 不仅……而且   6. used to do sth.
  7. 挣钱   8. 使某人想起    9. between…and… 10. 关心;在意
II. 根据句意及首字母和汉语提示写出所缺单词。
  1. stole   2. garden   3. novels   4. punished   5. warn  
6. laid  7. strangers  8. relatives   9. tie  10. spread
III. 用括号内所给单词的适当形式填空。
1. eating   2. to share   3.  meaning  4. importance   5. happily




1. What a great day!
本句是what引导的感叹句。what意为“多么,真,太”,用作定语,修饰名词。此处句式结构为What + a/an + 形容词 + 可数名词单数形式(+ 主语+谓语)!口语中常可以省略主语和谓语。例如:
 What a new watch (it is)! 多么新的一块手表啊!
2. Hou Yi was so sad that he called out her name to the moon every night. (拓展 so that)
Our teacher is so kind that all of us like him.
He runs so fast that nobody in my class can catch up with him.
It is such an interesting film that all of us like it.
He had such long arms that he could almost touch his knees.
 There are so many people in the room that we could not get in.
so that意思是“以便于、为了”,引导表示目的的状语从句。
 We got up early this morning so that we can catch the first bus.
3. I’m going to Chiang Mai in two weeks.
   (1) go, come, leave, start, fly等表示位移的动词,常用这些动词的现在进行时表示将要发生的动作。例如:
     Jim is going boating this afternoon. 吉姆今天下午要去划船。
     Are they all coming tomorrow? 他们明天都来吗?
   (2) in two weeks意为“两周后”,表示将来的时间,常用how soon来对其提问。例如:
       — How soon will the dinner ready? 晚饭还有多长时间做好?
       — In ten minutes. 十分钟后。
       — How soon will they come back? 他们多久回来?
       — In two weeks. 两周后。
4. Marley used to be just like Scrooge, so he was punished after he died.
   used to do sth是一个固定结构,意思是“过去经常做某事”,后面用动词原形,表示过去的某种经常性、习惯性的行为或者动作,并意味着这种动作目前已经不存在。
肯定句:I used to play with my friends after school. 过去放学后我常常和朋友们一起玩。
否定句:You didn’t use to like pop songs.=You usedn’t to like pop songs.
一般疑问句:Did your sister use to be quiet? = Used your sister to be quiet?
there be句式:There used to be a lot of fishes in this river. 过去这条小河常常有许多鱼。
(1) be used to do something意思是“被用来做某事”,是动词短语use …to do的被动语态结构。
Knives are used to cut things.小刀是用来切东西的。
(2) be used to doing something意思是“习惯于做某事”,to后接动词-ing形式。
例如:My father is used to living in the village. 我爸爸习惯于住在小山村。
5. He warns Scrooge to change his ways if he doesn’t want to end up like him.
(1) warn作动词,意为“警告;告诫”,常用于以下结构:
1) warn sb. (not) to do sth. 意为“告诫某人(不要)做某事”。例如:
   He warned her to keep silent. 他告诫她保持沉默。
2) warn sb. about sth. 意为“提醒某事注意某事”。例如:
   She warned us about the serious situation. 她提醒我们注意形势的严峻性。
3) warn sb. of/against (doing) sth. 意为“告诫某人当心/提防(做)某事”。例如:
They warned me against swimming in that part of the river. 他们告诫我不要在河的那一带游泳。
(2)  end up意为“最终成为;最后处于,结束”,其后可以跟with; in; doing等:
1) end up with表示“以……结束”,其后可以跟任何名词。例如:
      If you do that, you’ll end up with egg on your face. 你要是那样做,必将出洋相。
2) end up in后面一般接一个地点名词。例如:
     If you continue to steal, you’ll end up in prison. 你要是继续行窃,早晚得进监狱。
3) end up doing 表示“以做……结束”。例如:
     The party ended up singing an English song. 晚会以一首英文歌而结束。
I. 根据汉语提示,完成英语句子(每空一词)。
  1. 这个婴儿已经长了五磅重。
  The baby has __________ __________ five pounds.
  2.  戴尔和他的爸爸长得很相像。
  Dale __________ __________ __________ his father.
  3. 昨天晚上晚会以唱歌结束。
   The party __________ __________ __________ last night.
  4. 他经常在圣诞节装扮成圣诞老人。
   He often __________ __________ __________ Santa Clause on Christmas Day.
  5.  我们应该帮助那些处于困境中的人。
   We should help the people __________ __________.
  6. 多么激动人心的故事啊!
   __________ __________ __________ story it is!
  7. 比尔不知道他父亲在中秋节那天是否回来。
   Bill doesn’t know __________ his father will __________ __________ __________ Mid- Autumn Day.
  8. 他很吝啬,只考虑他自己。
   He’s very __________ and only __________ __________ himself.
  9. 这首歌让我想起儿时的美好日子。
   This song __________ me __________ the happy days __________ a child.
  10. 我们决定,无论去哪儿都要传播爱和欢乐。
   We decide __________ __________ __________ and joy everywhere we go.
II. 句型转换,每空一词。
  1. The books are very useful. (改为感叹句)
    __________ __________ the books are!
  2. What delicious food it is! (改为同义句)
__________ delicious __________ food is!
3. I want to know. Does he like the festival? (合并为一句)
  I want to know __________ he __________ the festival.
4. He asks, “Can I park my car next to it?” (改为复合句)
  He asks __________ __________ __________ park his car next to it.
5. I think we can eat out today. (改为否定句)
  I __________ think we __________ eat out today.
III. 补全对话。
Brian: Hi, Cindy.    1  
Cindy: Hi, Brian.  It is nice to see you and so many old classmates.
Brian: So it is.    2  
Cindy: You're right. It's really a long time.
Brian: Did you see the old photos on the wall?
Cindy: I sure did.     3  
Brian: But those are some great memories.
Cindy: Hey!   4  
Brian. Yes, it is. I remember he used to stay up all night studying.
Cindy:   5  
Brian: Yes. He was the only one left in the class when he woke up.
Cindy: That was really funny.
A. What happened?
B. Long time no see!
C. Who took these photos?
D. Isn't that John over there?
E. We looked so funny in them.
F. I can't believe it's been ten years.
G. And then he would fall asleep in class.
1. _________2. _________3. _________4. _________5._________
I. 根据汉语提示,完成英语句子(每空一词)。
1. put on  2. is similar to  3. ended up with   4.  dresses up as   5. in need  6. What an exciting
7. if/whether; come back on     8. mean; thinks about  9. reminds; of; as   10. to spread love
II. 句型转换,每空一词。
1. How useful   2. How; the   3. if/whether; likes   4. if/whether he can   5. don’t; can
III. 补全对话。
   1-5  BFEDG


源 莲山 课件 w w
w.5Y k J.cOM



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