Unit 2 Saving the Earth
1.— How long ________ you ________ here?
— For about two years so far.
A.have; studied B.did; live C.do; stay D.were; swimming
2.We have known each other ________ ten years ago.
A.for B.ever C.about D.since
3.There is ________pollution in the world. We must stop it.
A. much too B.too much C.many too D.too many
4.The boss made child laborers ________12 hours every day.
A.working B.works C.work D.to work
5.________ the environment is important for human beings.
A.Take care of B.Taking care of C.Took care of D.Take the care of
6.When I was walking in the street yesterday, I saw a UFO ________ over my head.
A.flying B.flies C.flew D.to fly
7. — Would you like to have ________?
— No, thank you. I’ve had enough.
A.anything more B.something moreC.more anything D.more something
8.The driver was badly hurt ________ of the traffic accident.
A.at a result B.in the result C.with the result D.as a result
9.This washing machine is very easy to use. ________ can learn to use it in a very short time.
A.Somebody B.Anybody C.Nobody D.Few people
10.None of us ________ running, but we all like swimming.
A.likes B.liked C.liking D.would like to
1. A dog will love you faithfully and bring you ______ happiness for years.
A. lots of B. many C. a little D. a few
2. — Has Mary ever visited Tower Bridge?
— Yes. She ______ it two years ago.
A. visits B. visited C. has visited D. was visiting
3. Rick has learned a lot about Chinese culture ______ he came to China.
A. before B. when C. until D. since
Today we can see that many people are cutting down the trees in the forests. A lot of 1landshave become deserts. If we read newspapers, we’ll learn that the forests on the earth are getting smaller 2. We are cutting down large numbers of trees 3 we need wood and farmland. Some scientists say that there will not be any great forests 4 20 or 30 years.
What will happen if the forests disappear? A lot of plants will die and the animals will 5their homes. In many places the new farmland will soon look 6 the old desert. Crops will not grow there. There won’t be enough 7, and the weather will get hot and dry. If the climate of the earth changes, life will be 8 for everyone. Our living environment will become 9. More and more rich farmland will disappear. We will suffer a lot from both droughts (干旱) and floods.
It’s our duty 10 the forests well. Everyone should try his best to make a contribution (贡献) to taking care of the forests. Stop cutting down the trees and make the world greener!
1.A.low B.rich C.lonely D.high
2.A.on time B.all the time C.in time D.no time
3.A.or B.so C.because D.but
4.A.in B.at C.on D.with
5.A.find B.build C.lose D.decorate
6.A.like B.up C.at D.out
7.A.snow B.sunshine C.wind D.rain
8.A.easy B.hard C.happy D.interesting
9.A.better and better B.worse and worse C.bigger and bigger D.more and more
10.A.to do B.do C.to protect D.protect
Have you ever stayed in a hotel? Most Chinese hotels often provide guests with things like disposable(一次性的) toothbrushes, toothpaste, shampoo and slippers.
Many guests like the idea because they don’t have to bring their own. But if you travel to Beijing, remember to bring these things of your own. That’s because some hotels in Beijing have no longer provided guests with these disposables (一次性用品). Many disposable things are made of plastic. People throw them away after only using them once. It’s a waste of natural resources (资源) and is very bad for the environment.
In Beijing, people throw away about 19,000 tons of plastic bags and 1,320 tons of lunch bowls every year!
Plastic can take 100 to 400 years to break down. So the less plastic we throw away, the better environment we will have.
So, wherever you travel, bring your own things and use them again and again. Back at home and school, you can also do something to make our world a better place. Try to do these things in your daily life:
Use cloth shopping bags, not plastic ones.
After using a plastic bag, wash it out and let it dry. Then use it over and over again.
Do not use paper cups.
At your school canteen (餐厅), use your own bowls and chopsticks instead of disposable ones.
1.Many guests like to use disposable things because they are veryconvenient (方便的).
2.Some Beijing hotels have no longer provided guests with free TVprogrammes.
3.Plastic breaks down easily.
4.After using a plastic bowl or a bag, we’d better throw it away, because it’s too dirty to use again.
5.We should use less plastic things and protect our environment.
From my father I have learned a lot. And I’m very thankful to him. I remember when I was a child my father always got up very early, quietly putting on his clothes and going off to work. To arrive in time to open his tiny store at 8:30, he needed to leave our apartment at 6:30. After all, he had to take a bus and then the subway. The last journey was a long walk through a neighborhood much of which was full of the smell of rubbish. I learned: it is very important to work. No excuse.
When I was 12, I would, on some Saturdays, go to my father’s store to help out. After helping set up the outside clothing display, for the rest of the day, I’d watch to make sure no one stole anything. When I noticed someone looking unusual or strange, I would look the person in the eye, smile and say, “May I help you?” Usually that worked, but sometimes, someone would run off with something. The first time, I ran after the thief but my father shouted, “Martin, stop! There is no need to do that.” It’s true that safety is more important than money.
After 10 years of hard work, he saved up enough money to buy his first car, a cheap one—he wouldn't buy one until he could afford to pay for it without borrowing money. I learned: buy only
what you can afford. Buying necessary food and clothing won't make us go in debt(债务).The
unnecessary things won't give us happiness, which comes from achievement only.
6. What shop did the author’s father own?
A. A bookshop. B. A coffee shop. C. A clothing shop. D. A food shop.
7. Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage?
A. The author ran after thieves many times. B. The author thanked his father a lot.
C. The author’s father worked very hard. D. The author’s father made some money.
8. All the following are talked about in the passage EXCEPT .
A. the importance of working B. the good ways to keep healthy
C. that safety comes before money D. that it’s bad to spend more than you make
9. According to the author, what usually makes people go in debt?
A. To rent a house for the family. B. To send their children to school.
C. To enjoy something unnecessary. D. To buy enough food for the family.
10. What is the passage mainly about?
A. How to live a happy life. B. What makes a person successful.
C. The help the author got from his father. D. What the author learned from his father.
2.D。现在完成时表示从过去某一时刻延续到现在的一段时间，往往用for，since短语来表示。for+一段时间，since+过去时间点或从句，所以根据ten years ago选择D项。
3.B。much too 后接形容词、副词；too many 后接可数名词复数；too much后接不可数名词，pollution 是一个不可数名词，故选B。
4.C。make sb. do sth.意为“让某人做某事”。
8.D。本题考查固定短语as a result (of)。
10.A。none of sb./sth. 意为“没有一个，毫无”，其后动词一般用单数，此句是一般现在时，故选A。
1. A。句意：“一只狗会忠实地爱你并且给你带来 ______ 快乐很多年。” A项 lots of“许多”，既可以修饰可数名词，也可以修饰不可数名词；B项many“许多”，只能修饰可数名词；C项a little“一些”，只能修饰不可数名词；D项a few“一些”，只能修饰可数名词，happiness是不可数名词，根据句意可知答案选A。
2. B。句意：“——玛丽去过塔桥吗?” “——是的。两年前她去过。” two years ago是过去时间，一般与一般过去式连用，故选B。
2.B。on time 按时；all the time表示“一直，始终”；in time 及时；no time不是固定短语，根据题意选择B项。
6.A。look like 看上去像；look up 查找；look at 看；look out 小心，分析题意，A项符合题意。
7.D。根据后一句中的get hot and dry来理解此处是缺雨。
10.C。根据“It’s+adj./n.+to do sth.”这一固定结构，可知答案，句意为“保护环境是我们的责任”。故选C。
1.T。由第二段的“Many guests like the idea because they don’t have to bring their own.”可知答案。
2.F。根据“…some hotels in Beijing have no longer provided guests with these disposables.”可知答案。
3.F。根据“Plastic can take 100 to 400 years to break down.”可知答案。
4.F。从After using a plastic bag, wash it out and let it dry. Then use it over and over again.中得知“最好扔掉它”是错误的。
6. C。由第二段的第二句话：After helping set up the outside clothing display, 在帮助父亲在外面服装展示，可知，父亲拥有的一家服装店。
7. A。由第二段的倒数第二句The first time, I ran after the thief but my father shouted, “Martin, stop!可知，作者并不是经常追小偷，作者只提及了那一次并且还被父亲制止了。
8. B。由第一段的最后一句话I learned: it is very important to work.可知A中文章已经提及到；由第二段的最后一句话：It’s true that safety is more important than money.可知C项文中有提及到；由最后一段的倒数第二句话I learned: buy only what you can afford. Buying necessary food and clothing won’t make us go in debt(债务).可知D本文也有涉及到，故答案为B。
9. C。由文中的最后一段中的倒数后两句话Buying necessary food and clothing won’t make us go in debt(债务). The unnecessary things won’t give us happiness, 购买必需的食品和衣服不会让我们陷入债务。不必要的东西才不会带给我们幸福，可知答案选C。