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2021江苏省南京秦淮外国语八年级(上)英语10月月考试卷(含答案)

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2021江苏省南京秦淮外国语八年级(上)英语10月月考试卷(含答案)一. 单项选择(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分)( ) 1. --- Nancy told teacher that Tony had told lies.--- I believe , because he is honest man.A. the words he said; a B. he said what; anC. what did he say; an D. what he said; an ( ) 2. --- Is Dennis good at painting?--- No, Dennis doesn’t paint others, but his ideas are the most wonderful of all.A. as careful as B. more careful than C. as good as D. as carefully as ( ) 3. --- Roger Federer is a great tennis players.--- I couldn’t agree more. I think no one else plays .A. good B. worse C. better D. best ( ) 4. --- Which bottle has water among the five bottles?--- The red bottle. The blue one has more water than .A. the least; others B. little; the othersC. the least; any of the others D. the fewest; other bottles( ) 5. No wonder(难怪) Kobe Bryant is one of the best players. He practiced than his teammates.A. more hardly B. much harder C. much hardly D. more harder( ) 6. --- Does your sister often dance as you do?--- Yes. And she spends more time practicing than I, so she dances than I.A. nicer B. worse C. less nicely D. more nicely ( ) 7. --- is it to your home town from here?--- Well. It takes a little over three hours to get there by coach.A. How far B. How much C. How long D. How many ( ) 8. In order to keep healthy, please eat sugar and need more .A. fewer; exercise B. less; exercise C. less; exercises D. few; exercises ( ) 9. --- is the number of the students in your school?--- The number of the students 897.A. How much; is B. What; are C. How much; are D. What; is( ) 10. Which sentence is likely(可能) to be spoken by Americans?A. David Beckham is a popular soccer star.B. The shops all have big sales before Christmas.C. It doesn’t rain often in this city in autumn.D. The holiday begins on July 1st.( ) 11. --- How long did it you to do your homework yesterday?---I two hours it.A. take; took; doing B. pay; spent; doC. cost; took; to do D. take; spent; doing ( ) 12. --- You are so tired. Why don’t you go home and have a rest?--- The boss wants to keep his shop for another three hours.A. opening B. opened C. open D. opens( ) 13. The Yellow River is river in China. Do you know which river is the longest?A. the longest B. the longest(学校两个选项一样)第 9页(共 10页)C. the second longer D. the second longest ( ) 14. --- What is your new friend ?--- He is a man of words, but he is polite and very helpful.A. like; few B. like; littleC. look like; few D. look like; a little( ) 15. --- The Chinese cartoon Nezha is popular recently. How do you like it?--- .A. I think so B. Pretty good C. All right D. That’s all right二. 完形填空(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分)It was 7:15 a.m on 15th April, 2010. Forty-year-old Earl Brown was waiting for the train at the subway station in New York City. His two sons, aged five and eight, were with him at the time.Suddenly, a sick young man fell down on the platform(站台). The man, 24-year-old James Wilson, got up,but then 16 again --- this time, onto the track(轨道) between the two rails. A train was coming into the station. It was a 17 moment, and an accident seemed to be about to happen. The young man’s life was going to be in danger if the train did not stop. Everybody on the platform was very worried about the young man as his life could be gone in a few 18 .But Mr. Brown stayed calm. He looked at the man, and looked at the space that the man was in. It was about half a meter 19 . He thought to himself, “The train is going to travel over the man. If he tries to get up, the train will definitely kill him. However, the young man will be OK if he lies on the ground and doesn’t move.” At this time, Mr. Brown knew he had to make a tough 20 , and it would be very important for this young man. Without further hesitation( 犹 豫 ), Mr. Brown jumped onto the track. He 21 on top of Mr. Wilson, and kept him down on the ground inside the subway track. The train driver saw both of them. He was terrified, but there was no way for him to 22 in time. The train travelled over the two men before it was finally stopped.The people on the platform were shocked to see what had happened. When Mr. Brown heard them shouting, he shouted, “We’re fine, but tell my sons I’m OK.” People on the platform clapped( 鼓掌) and cheered their 23 they were amazed at Mr. Brown’s courage and bravery. Subway staffs helped the two men walk out ofthe track safely. An ambulance( 救护车) arrived and took Mr. Wilson to the nearest hospital. Luckily, there was nothing serious with him.In a radio interview, Mr. Brown was asked why he was so brave when the accident happened. He 24 said, “My coat got dirty but that’s it.” He added, “I’m not a brave man and I was terribly afraid of it too. I just saw someone who needed help at that time. It was the 25 thing to do, so I did it.”( ) 16. A. fell( ) 17. A. wrong( ) 18. A. daysB. stoodB. naturalB. hoursC. stayedC. magicalC. minutesD. waitedD. terribleD. seconds( ) 19. A. wideB. highC. deepD. long( ) 20. A. decisionB. suggestionC. descriptionD. discussion( ) 21. A. satB. layC. ranD. hid( ) 22. A. leaveB. reachC. stopD. move( ) 23. A. starB. heroC. leaderD. driver( ) 24. A. simplyB. excitedlyC. hurriedlyD. proudly( ) 25. A. trueB. rightC. braveD. great三、阅读理解(共 20 题,每小题 1 分,共 20 分)ASandy got the following messages yesterday. Read them carefully and find the best answers to the questions.第 9页(共 10页)( ) 26. What is “The Fugitive”?A. book B. A movie C. A song D. A ball game ( ) 27. What did Mr.Brown most probably do for Sandy?A. He fixed her car. B. He wanted to buy her car.C. He prepared dinner for her D. He found a new kind of dog food.BAfter releasing a short video on April 27th about planting and cooking peas,Chinese food blogger LiZiqi witnessed gad her followers on You Tube go beyond 10 million. This puts Li, who is famous for short videos recording her traditional lifestyle in China's countryside, among the list of the most popular Chinese-language content creators on the Internet. she was surprised by how foreign netizens were attracted by her works.“What I present is is just a lifestyle I've long followed and enjoyed," she said.Maybe it's also what many other people have valued. Li’s YouTube videos center on her life with her grandmother in the rural parts of Sichuan Province. In the videos, Li, often dressed in beautiful traditional clothes rises at sunrise, rests at sunset, plants seeds and harvests flowers, cooks Chinese dishes and makes bamboo furniture.Unlike many other food bloggers, Li’s videos set China’s countryside as the stage and start with how the foods are planted and harvested in the farm.She rarely speaks in the process. Li's overseas followers have praised her videos for showing the amazing pictures, simple and elegant side of China's rural life."In the countryside, planting flower, vegetables and trees is not difficult. There are difficult parts of rural life of course,but I didn't put them in my videos," the blogger said."Most people today are facing huge stress in work and life,so I hope they can feel relaxed when watching my videos."( ) 28. On April 27th, Li Ziqi put her short video about how to on the Internet.A. plant and cook peas B. dress in nice traditional clothesC. make bamboo furniture D. plant seeds and harvest flowers ( ) 29.Li is different from other food bloggers because .A. she gets lots of help from her grandmotherB. she begins with harvesting food in the farmC. her voice attracts netizens around the worldD. her videos are all filmed in the countryside.( ) 30. Li’s short videos show the viewers a lifestyle.A. stressful B. difficult C. hard-working D. relaxingCIn the most southern part of our planet, there's a place that's covered with snow and ice all year round.But it has the clearest and cleanest air. Amazingly, in this place, the sun sometimes hangs even in the midnight sky.This第 9页(共 10页)place is Antarctica(南极洲): the coldest,windiest and harshest(恶劣的)place on the Earth.As the world's least-known place,Antarctica is of great interest to scientists around the world.In 1983,China joined the Antarctic Treaty(《南极条约》). The treaty made Antarctica a peaceful place for member countries to do scientific research. During 30 years, China has sent many scientists to Antarctica.They mostly look at the resources under the icy land and do research about climate change and marine (海洋的) biology.Antarctica is a place with fantastic views.However, life there is very hard. Food is one of the biggest problems. Frozen(速冻) food which can be heated easily is people's daily food.Fresh vegetables are bard to grow in the cold weather. Therefore, scientists often eat dried or canned vegetables.Sleep is also troublesome.In Antarctica, summer lasts from November to March.During this period, Antarctica points to the sun and receives sunlight 24 hours a day. In order to get some sleep, scientists cover the windows with black plastic cloth to create "night".Working in Antarctica is dangerous,especially when meeting gale-force (七级以上的)winds. Sometimes the wind is even stronger than a typhoon. I t can easily blow people away.So there are ropes that connect buildings of some research stations.People can hold these ropes to keep their balance in forceful winds.What's more, communicating with others is difficult. Without cables and Internet in some research stations, two-way radios are the only tools to communicate.If people want to say hello to friends and relatives, they can use satellite phones.Although it is challenging to work in Antarctica, scientists’ passion to learn about this mysterious land will never end. It is hopeful that one day they will step every corner of this icy land.( ) 31.From Paragraph 1, we learn that the Antarctica .A. is covered with snow and ice B. rains heavily from time to timeC. has little wind most of the time D. has sunshine during every night ( ) 32.Scientists from China go to Antarctica to .A. find out ways to control water pollutionB. research climate change and marine biologyC. grow plants and vegetables in special conditionD. stop the hunters from killing the marine biology( ) 33.We can replace(替换)the underlined word passion in the last paragraph with .A. strong love B. full preparation C. pleasant introduction D.amazing imagination ( ) 34. The passage is mainly about .A. view of the Antarctica B. exploring the AntarcticaC. how to survive in the Antarctica D. climate changes of the AntarcticaDEvery kid wishes to be an adult. Do you remember playing house as a child-pretending to be a grown-up like your parents? Did you imagine you were a doctor, a soldier or a teacher? At that time, anything seemed more exciting than being young.But now as grown-ups, some adults find they cannot leave childhood behind. They become“kidults”(kid+adult). Being a kidult has become a lifestyle-choice among young people across Asia.Some kidults collect toys they once played with. Hello Kitty, Garfield, and Snoopy have many adult fans around the world. It is not unusual to see a 20-something woman with a big, Garfield-shaped cushion on her sofa or a Hello Kitty mobile phone accessory(附属品).Other kidults still enjoy children’s stories and fairy tales. For example, Bloomsbury even published the Harry Potter novels with an adult cover. That way, no one else on the subway will know that an adult is actually reading a children’s book.“Kidults can be like vitamins to society. Adults who value their childhood and hold on to pure child-like第 9页(共 10页)emotion may be needed in such a rough and dry society,” said Lee So-jung, a professor at Hankuk University(韩国外国语大学) of Foreign Studies.He added that kidult culture may fill the generation gap between adults and kids. It could give children and their parents books, movies, and cartoon shows to enjoy together.Tim Greenhalgh, an adviser in London explained that some kidults just refuse to grow up. They hold on to childhood because working life in a busy and stressful city frightens them. Kidults would like to forget their age and openly show their fear of society and adulthood.“So, they can escape from increasingly busy and stressful lives that are hard to deal with, “Greenhalgh said. ( ) 35.Why does a kid wish to be an adult?A. Because he wants to be independent.B. Because he doesn’t want to be controlled by adults.C. Because he wants to experience the real world.D. Because he believes there will be more exciting life ahead. ( ) 36. What can we infer from the passage?A. Some Kidults refuse to grow up.B. Some Kidults in Britain like reading on the subway.C. Some Kidults think childhood is the best time of their life.D. All Kidults want to escape from the busy and stressful life. ( ) 37. One of the advantages of the kidult culture is that .A. it can make adults face the real social lifeB. it can make our society young and full of lifeC. it can increase the sales of children’s booksD. it can lead to harmonious relationship between adults and kids( ) 38. In the opinion of the Professor in a Korean University, kidults are .A. Immature(不成熟)and weak B. necessary to our societyC. looked down upon D. getting more and moreEPhyllis Wheatley is regarded as America’s first black poet. She was born in Senegal, Africa in about 1753 and brought to America at about the age of seven. John and Susannah Wheatley bought her for three pounds at a slave ( 奴 隶 ) market in Boston in 1761. Phyllis was soon accepted as one of the family, which included being raised and educated with the Wheatley’s twin 15-year-old children, Mary and Nathaniel. At that time, most females, even from better families, could not read and write, but Mary was probably one of the best educated young women in Boston.Mary wanted to become a teacher, and in fact, it was Mary who decided to take charge of Phyllis Wheatley’s education. Phyllis soon showed her remarkable talents. At the age of twelve she was reading the Greek and Latin classics. At the age of thirteen, Phyllis wrote her first poem. She became a Boston sensation (引起轰动的人物) after she wrote a poem on the death of the preacher George Whitfield in 1770. It became common to read Phyllis Wheatley’s poetry in polite society. Mary had tried to interest publishers in Phyllis Wheatley’s poems, but once they heard she was black they weren’t interested.Then in 1773 Phyllis went with Nathaniel, who was now a businessman, to London. Thirty-nine of her poems were published in London as Poems on Various Subjects. It was the first book published by a black American. In 1775, Phyllis wrote a poem about George Washington and sent it to him. He responded by praising her talents and inviting her to visit his headquarters. After both of her benefactors (恩人) died in 1777 and in 1778, Phyllis was feed. She married in 1778, and had three children But after the unhappy marriage, she moved back to Boston, and died in poverty in 1783.第 9页(共 10页)( ) 39. Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage?A. Those days the black were looked down upon.B. Phyllis read a lot of books when she was young.C. Phyllis didn’t move away from Boston until she got married.D. Phyllis Wheatley’s first poem interested and excited the public.( ) 40. Which is the correct order of Phyllis Wheatley’s life according to the passage?a. US president sang high praise for her. b. People became curious about her poems.c. Mary began to educate her. d. Phyllis was freed as a slave.e. She served Nathaniel all the way to London.A. a-c-e-d-b B. e-c-b-d-a C. c-b-e-a-d D. d-c-e-b-a ( ) 41. Which statement about Phyllis is supported by the passage?A. She died young. B. She got a good school education.C. Her first poem was published in London. D. She was regarded as a poet after being freed.FMany of us have had this experience: we lie down in a bed other than our own, perhaps at a friend’s house or in a hotel room, and find it difficult or impossible to fall asleep. Is it because the bed is uncomfortable? Maybe, but perhaps there can be other reasons.According to a new study published in Current Biology, a significant reason is what the scientists call “first night effect”. They believe that one side of the brain acts as a “night watch” to warn us about potential (潜在的) dangers. It forces us to stay awake on the first night in a new environment.For the study, 35 young volunteers were asked to sleep in a sleep lab for several days. Meanwhile, researchers watched their brain activities.According to the researchers, on their first night, the left brains were more active than the right brains and people had a hard time sleeping. However, left-brain activity decreased as days went by, falling even to the point of complete calm. In this process, the participants got an increasingly better sleep experience.The findings suggest that the different rhythms (节奏) of the sides of the brain affect our sleep. When the two sides work differently, the balance between them is broken. Thus, the brain can’t relax and is sensitive to anything strange in the surroundings, just as it is in daytime.“At some level, the brain is continuing to analyze things, even though you are not aware of the analysis,” US professor Jerome Siegel told Smithsonian Magazine.” If something unusual happens - if a door opens or you hear a key in a lock - you can be alert (警惕的), even though the intensity (强度) of the stimulus is quite low.”More surprisingly, this phenomenon is similar to the way some animals sleep. Whales, dolphins, and many birds can sleep with half of their brain while the other half stays awake, with its corresponding eye staying open.The researchers think that it is the result of evolution (进化), and works to protect us in potentially dangerousenvironments.If you have ever had what you think is “first night effect”, researchers suggest that you bring your own pillow or sleep in a room similar to your bedroom next time you sleep away from home.( ) 42. What did the new study published in Current Biology find?A. A comfortable bed could help people sleep well in a new environment.B. Most people could sleep well in a new environment after the first night.C. Brain activities affected people’s sleep in a new environment.D. The right brain determined how well people slept in a new environment. ( ) 43. What was found out about the volunteers?A. Their left brains were more active on the first night.B. Their right brains became more active as days went by.第 9页(共 10页)A. Their right brains kept them awake the whole night.B. They slept better in the sleep lab than at home.( ) 44. What do the researchers think makes the brain sensitive to new things?A. The bad sleep experiences people have had.B. The tiredness that people suffer from in daytime.C. The imbalance between the two sides of the brain.D. The strangeness of the things that people come across. ( ) 45. What do the researchers think of “first night effect”?A. It has evolved as a way to protect us.B. It’s a characteristic that animals don’t have.C. It’s completely different from the way animals sleep.D. It helps people to get used to new environments quickly.第 II 卷 (主观题 共 55 分)四、词汇(共 15 小题;满分 25 分)A) 根据音标或者汉语提示,补全单词,使句子完整正确。(共 8 题;每小题 1 分,满分 8 分)46. My cousin Jane is younger than me. But she is (几乎) as tall as me.47. Joan's birthday is coming. I’d like to (选择) a special present for her.48. It is lucky for Lucy to make many friends on the /ˈdʒɜːni/.49. Our maths teacher always tells funny jokes in class, we think he has a good sense of (幽默).50. Students spent as much time as they need to (讨论) “What makes your friend so special ?” with their classmates in class.51. Tony always listened carefully to my problems and (主动给予) me help.52. Nowadays, poor housing and unemployment(失业) are the (主要的) problems.53. In some middle schools in Nanjing, there are some (外国的) teachers.B) 根据句意或句子的语法要求,用括号中所给单词的适当形式填空。(共 7 题;每小题 1 分,满分 7 分)54. We like asking Miss Wang for help because she answers our questions (patient).55. President Xi's (smile) face often appears on newspapers, magazines and books.56. To get (far) information about our school, you can visit our school website.57. His father is ill, He was even (ill) this morning than yesterday.58. --- Why did you leave home in such n hurry last Sunday morning?--- (catch) the train to Beijing59. My brother, like my parents, (enjoy) singing songs.60. He does this Maths homework so (care) that he made a lot of mistakes. C)句型转换。(共 5 题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分)61. It took my cousin two hours to draw an eagle on the poster last weekend. (改为同义句)My cousin two hours an eagle on the poster last weekend.62. Mr. Wu said that Millie drew better than Simon. (改为同义句)Mr. Wu said that Simon couldn't draw as Millie.63. Linda had less homework than I did. (改为同义句)Linda didn't have as as I did.64. In Mary's school, they have a test every month.In Mary’s school, they have a .65. Tony needn't go to school because it's Saturday. (改为同义句)。第 9页(共 10页)Tony doesn't go to school because it's Saturday.五、短文填空 (共 20 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 20 分)A) 阅读短文,根据所填内容,在文章后的 66-75 空格里填入适当的单词,每.空.一.词.。Perhaps you have heard the expression—when in Rome, do as the Romans do. So when you want to do business in France, you have to get to know French culture, to make marketing plans, and to run your business by local laws.Language plays an important role when you do business in France. The French are proud of their language, so anyone who does not speak it may not be respected by his French workmates or business partners. Also, learning French is important is that it is a great way to show your French business partner that you care and respect their country’s culture and language.The first thing you should do when meeting someone new is to shake his hand firmly and always look the person in the eye. In social meeting with friends, kissing is common. Use first names only after being invited to. Use Monsieur or Madame before the surname. The French will sometimes introduce themselves using their surname first, followed by their first name.Dress well. The French draw information about people based on what they look like. Your business clothing is a reflection( 反 映 ) of your success and social status. Always try to be tasteful and stylish. The French advise women to dress in a simple but elegant way. Wearing make-up is practised widely by businesswomen.The French are interested in food, so lunches are common in doing business in France, which usually include a main meal with wine, cheese, dessert and coffee, and normally take up to two hours. This is a time for relationship building. Do not begin eating until the host says “bon appetite”. Pass dishes to the left, keep wrists above the table and try to eat everything on the plate. Be careful with adding salt, pepper or sauces to your food. This may suggest that you find the food tasteless. If eating in a restaurant, the person who invites always pays.Manners in 66 LanguageIf you speak French, your French workmates or business partners may 67 you.Moreover, learning French can 68 you to show your care and respect for their country’s culture and language.GreetingsYou should shake his band firmly when meeting someone for the first time. It is common to 69 in social meetings with friends.The French will use their surname 70 their first name sometimes when introducingthemselves.DressingThe French draw information about people according to their 71 , so women are advisedto dress 72 but elegantly.Table mannersLunches are common in doing business, 73 a main meal with wine, cheese, dessert and coffee.Do not begin eating until the host says “bon appetite”.Pass dishes to the left, keep wrists above the table and try not to 74 anything on the plate if possible.Be 75 with adding salt, pepper or sauces to your food.第 9页(共 10页)66. 71. 67. 72. 68. 69. 73. 74. 70. 75. 第 9页(共 10页)B) 根据短文内容及首字母提示,填写所缺单词,并将答案填写在答题卡标号为 76 -85 的相应位置上。Smile Train is a charity that helps the children around the world, who suffer from a facial defect(缺陷). The第 9页(共 10页)defect h 76 when a baby’s top lip or mouth doesn't form properly before birth. Eating and drinking is very difficult for these babies. The charity p 77 free operations, which give these children a new smile, and with it, new hope and a new beginning.Children with the defect need all the help. A 78 many of them are accepted by their families, sadly, othersare not. In some countries, children with this defect are often abandoned(遗弃) at birth because their parents feelashamed ( 羞 愧 的 ) of them or cannot p 79 for the operations. The good news is that the operation is not difficult. It takes less than an hour and c 80 the family nothing. The charity raises money and finds the right medical volunteers to perform the operations.A Smile Train doctor from the UK said, “Each child who has the operation is given a second c 81 at life. After years of saying at home, the children can finally go to school and be happy. Every year I do hundreds of operations free of cost through Smile Train. Some of the stories I have heard are quite s 82 . One newborn baby girl was found abandoned on a train. L 83 for her, she was found and adopted (收养)by passenger.This lady then heard about Smile Train and brought the baby to our hospital. I did the operation and broughth 84 to the family. Experienced doctors like me share our s 85 with local doctors. In this way, we make sure that these operations will always be available.第 9页(共 10页)76. 77. 78. 79. 80. 第 9页(共 10页)81. 82. 83. 84. 85. 第 9页(共 10页)第 10页(共 10页)一. 单选参考答案第 10页(共 10页)1-5 DDCCB 6-10 DABDA 11-15 DCDAB二. 完形16-20 ADDCA 21-25 BCBAB三.阅读26-30 BAADD 31-35 ABABD 36-40 CDBCC 41-45 ACACA四、词汇A)46. almost 47. choose 48. journey 49. humo(u)r 50. discussing51. offered 52. main 53. foreignB)54. patiently 55. smiling 56. further 57. worse 58. To catch59. enjoys 60. carelesslyC)61. spent; drawing 62. well as 63. much homework 64. monthly test 65. need to五、短文填空A)66. France67. respect68. help/allow69. kiss70. before71. appearance/looks72. simply73. including74. leave75. carefulB)76. happens77. provides78. Although79. pay80. costs81. chance82. surprising83. Luckily84. hope85. skills第 10页(共 10页)

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