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八年级英语上册Unit2Howoftendoyouexercise单元自测同步练习(有答案)

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Unit 2 How often do you exercise?
Unit 2 单元自测
一、完形填空(15分)
Do you have a healthy lifestyle? I think I __1__.
First, I have many good eating habits. I like junk food, __2__ I hardly ever eat it. I eat fruit and vegetables every day. __3__ they are not very delicious, but they are __4__ for health.
Second, I take __5__ every day. It says that if people run every day, they will have healthier hearts than others. So every morning I get up very __6__ and I run __7__ about  thirty minutes before I have breakfast.
__8__, I have good living habits. I try to __9__ eight hours every day. That __10__ me to be energetic(精力充沛的) the next day. And I can study better and get good grades.
Finally, I __11__ help my mom do the housework every day when I am at home. I know it’s __12__ but I really happy when I see all the things in the house are clean.
What do you __13__ my lifestyle? If you think __14__ is good, I really hope you can have a healthy lifestyle, __15__.
(A)1.A. do       B. am
 C. like      D. did
(D)2.A. and      B. however
 C. so       D. but
(A)3.A. Maybe      B. As
 C. Because      D. So
(B)4.A. bad      B. good
 C. well      D. terrible
(C)5.A. cleaning     B. homework
 C. exercise      D. running
(B)6.A. late      B. early
 C. earlier      D. later
(B)7.A. at       B. for
 C. in       D. on
(C)8.A. First      B. Second
 C. Third      D. Fourth
(A)9.A. sleep      B. practice
 C. exercise      D. study
(C)10.A. stops      B. makes
  C. helps      D. gives
(D)11.A. sometimes     B. hardly ever
  C. never      D. always
(A)12.A. tiring      B. tired
  C. bored      D. boring
(D)13.A. look at     B. look after
  C. like      D. think of
(B)14.A. my      B. mine
  C. yours      D. you
(B)15.A. either      B. too
  C. also      D. neither
二、阅读理解(30分)
A
Public School 244 is a school in New York. It has 400 students all together. It is the first in the country to have an all-vegetarian menu(全素菜单).
The school started to serve(提供) a vegetarian lunch three times a week in January, and then increased it to four times a week. And now it serves a vegetarian lunch every day. There are no hamburgers or hot dogs at Public School 244 now. The transition(转变) isn’t so difficult for students, because about 70 percent of the students are Asian and Indian.
Principal(校长) Robert Groff said, “Today is Tuesday. There are black beans and roasted potatoes on the menu. And it’s not just lunch. The school also serves all-vegetarian breakfasts.”
(D)16.How often did the school start serving a vegetarian lunch in January?
  A. Six times a week.
  B. Five times a week.
  C. Four times a week.
  D. Three times a week.
(B)17.The underlined word “increased” means “________” in Chinese.
  A. 减缓       B. 增加
  C. 加快       D. 减弱
(C)18.About ________ students are Asian and Indian in Public School 244.
  A. 150       B. 244
  C. 280       D. 251
B
Jogging(慢跑) is good for us and helps us live longer and healthier. It’s easy to do and free. You do not have to spend money jogging. You can do it in a park or even in your home. But many people find it boring after jogging for a while. So how can we keep jogging fun? Here are some ideas to make your jogging more interesting.
First, you should choose to wear your favorite sports clothes and shoes when you jog. They make you more comfortable and more likely to run.
Second, always jog outdoors(户外). By changing your route, you can choose another street, and you will always have something interesting to enjoy when you jog.
Third, music is good and listen to your favorite songs when you jog. The music can make you excited and run farther without feeling bored.
Finally, it’s always more enjoyable with a friend. Make friends while jogging. Join a running club, find a new running partner, or invite an old friend to go jogging. It’s better to find a friend who runs a little faster than you. Then you can try to catch up with him or her.
(C)19.Which is the advantage(优点) of jogging according to the passage?
  A. It is fun and interesting to do.
  B. It needs much money.
  C. It makes us healthier.
  D. Most of us can’t do it because it is difficult.
(B)20.How many ideas does the writer tell us to help make jogging fun?
  A. Three.      B. Four.
  C. Five.      D. Six.
(C)21.What does the underlined word “route” mean in Chinese?
  A. 规律      B. 习惯
  C. 路线      D. 场地
(C)22.What can be the best title for the passage?
  A. The Advantages of Jogging.
  B. How to Jog with Others.
  C. Ways to Make Jogging Fun.
  D. Help Your Friends Jog.
C
Alice is a young woman. She likes to exercise for her health. She walks five kilometers before breakfast every morning, and goes swimming twice a week at the swimming pool. She doesn’t smoke and never drinks wine(酒). She doesn’t eat chocolate, and she doesn’t eat sweet and fatty foods.
One day Alice was on her daily walk when she saw a man sitting in a chair. He looked very old and his hair was white. He looked thin and weak, and his hands were shaking(发抖), but he looked very happy.
He smiled at her and said, “ Good morning! Lovely day, isn’t it?”
He had a big smile on his face, and his eyes showed his happiness. But Alice saw that he had no teeth.
“Good morning!” said Alice. “Yes, it’s a lovely day.”
Alice thought he was old and clever. She thought he must be more than 90 years old. She wanted to ask him about the secret of a happy old age.
“Excuse me. But what is your secret for being so happy at your age? I hope I can look as happy as you do when I am your age.”
The man in the chair said, “My secret for happiness? I smoke every day, and drink three bottles of wine every day. I eat hamburgers, I eat chocolate and I never eat vegetables. I never walk anywhere and I never play sports. I sit and watch TV all day.”
Alice couldn’t understand. She wanted to know how the man got to be so old when he did everything wrong. She thought he should be sick and unhappy. Perhaps she was wrong. Maybe, she thought, people could live a long happy life without eating well and doing lots of sports.
“How old are you?” she asked.
“It’s my birthday today,” said the man, “I am forty-seven.”
(D)23.What does Alice like?
  A. Smoking.
  B. Drinking wines.
  C. Eating unhealthy food.
  D. Doing sports.
(B)24.Which is WRONG about the old man?
  A. He didn’t have any teeth.
  B. He was more than 90 years old.
  C. He looked happy although he looked thin and weak.
  D. He looked very old.
(C)25.After the old man told Alice about his age, Alice knew ________.
  A. the man was in good health for his age
  B. the man had a healthier lifestyle than her
  C. a good lifestyle was important for one’s health
  D. people could live a long life without a good lifestyle
三、任务型阅读(5分)
下面是某体育记者对五个人的采访摘录,以及运动专家的一些建议,请判断各建议是针对哪段采访摘录的,并将字母编号填在相应的括号里。
(B)26. “I think sport is bad for my heart. I have some problems with my heart and my doctor
       told me I had to rest. When I do sports I feel very tired and my heart beats faster. I’m
       afraid of getting heart attacks...”
(A)27. “I’m not good at any sports. And I am fat. I can’t play fast games such as football and
       basketball. When I do sports, it’s hard for me to breathe. I think I have to rest
       more...”
(E)28. “I don’t have time to do any sports. I have to work from morning till night. I can’t
       leave my office earlier. You see, I can’t do sports...”
(D)29. “Oh, no. I did sports when I was young. I’m too old to do any sports. I think what I
       need is rest, not sports. If I don’t have enough rest I get angry very easily. So you
       see how important rest is for me...”
(C)30. “I think I am a lazy student. I don’t like doing any sports, I always go out by bus or
       car. I even dislike doing my homework. I am annoyed(恼怒的) when I have to read,
       count, or remember the notes...”
A. Do you want to lose weight and be healthier? Yes. Do sports. I’m sure it can help you
  become slim. No sport is bad for your health. But if you breathe with difficulty, you can  
  begin with swimming or jogging.
B. Don’t worry. Sport is good for your health. Of course, you can’t do too much and you
  must go to your doctor and ask for advice. Of course, you must exercise slowly at first. If
  you do sports every day, your heart will get stronger.
C. Scientists say sports are helping people to learn or remember. If we can do sports three
  times a week, it is good for us. For example, jogging is a very good exercise. If we often
  jog in a week, we can live longer.
    D. Yes, rest is very important. It is also important for you to do some exercise. Sport is
   also a way of relaxation. It helps you to eat well and rest well. It’s good for your
   health.
E. It is very important to do sports. People who work long hours have to do some
  exercise, especially if they work in an office or have to sit down at work. You can
  find a place near your work place or your home to do sports so it won’t take you long
  time to get there.
四、词汇运用(15分)
(A)单词拼写。
Health is very important to us. Can you look after your health? Do you have a 31.healthy(健康的) habit? Do you know 32.how(如何) to keep in good health? Here 33.is(是) what you can do. First, you need to have some good eating 34.habits(习惯). You should eat fruit and vegetables four or five times a week. And you need to eat tofu or drink milk every day. Oh, don’t forget to sleep at least eight hours every night. Having 35.enough(足够的) sleep can 36.make(使) you feel much better. Doing some exercise is also necessary for you. We think it’s good to relax by 37.exercising(锻炼). It is healthy for the 38.mind(头脑) and the body. Exercise, 39.such(这样的) as playing sports, is fun. But don’t make yourself too tired. You’d better 40.keep(保持) happy and be friendly to others. I’m sure you can be strong.
(B)用方框中所给词的适当形式填空。
program, write, die, housework, point
41.Dale likes writing and he dreams of being a writer.
42.Do you often help your mother with the housework?
43.There is an interesting program on television tonight.
44.In the games our school got ten points and No. 3 High School got three.
45.My pet dog died yesterday. I’m very sad.
五、语法填空(10分)
As we all know, doing sports plays a very important role in our daily life. I used to watch TV and eat snacks all the time. As 46.__a__result, my weight went up day 47.after day and I 48.became(become) much fatter than before. I always felt 49.tired(tiring) and even had difficulties 50.in climbing the stairs. This made me decide 51.to_change(change) my unhealthy lifestyle. I first got exercise by 52.taking(take) my pet dog 53.for a walk every morning. It made me feel a little bit 54.better(good) than before. Then I joined a running club. Since then, 55.running(run) has become part of my life.
六、书面表达(25分)
56.请根据下面提示,以”Early Rising Is Important”为题,写一篇论述早起(early rising)重要性的文章。
提示:(1)早起有益健康;
      (2)早起的具体好处:①可以做早操来锻炼身体;②对学习有好处;
      (3)大家都应该养成早起的习惯。
要求:(1)短文中应包含上面提示内容,但是不能逐条翻译,可适当增加细节,以使行文
             连贯;
      (2)80词左右。
Early Rising Is Important

本单元的话题是”课余活动”,与之相关的话题作文常常与”生活习惯”或”健康生活”有关,围绕锻炼、饮食等方面谈论活动频率。写这类话题作文时最好开篇就点题,提出自己的观点,然后再阐述自己的理由。此类话题作文写作的常用表达有:
(1)...is good for ...
(2)It is healthy for the mind and the body.
(3)It’s good to do sth....
(4)It’s+adj.+for sb.+to do ...

Early Rising Is Important
Early rising is good for us in many ways.
First, it is healthy for the mind and the body. We can do morning exercises to keep us healthy. It’s also good to take a walk along the street.
Second, early rising helps us with studies. When we get up very early in the morning, everything around is quiet. In the morning we can learn more quickly and memorize what we have learned more easily.
Third, early rising gives us enough time, so that we can have a relaxing breakfast.
So I think it’s important for us to form the habit of getting up early. 

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