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聊城市东阿县2017-2018八年级英语下学期期末试卷(含答案人教新目标版)

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山东省聊城市东阿县2017-2018学年八年级英语下学期期末检测试题
(时间120分钟,满分120分)
一、听力部分(共30小题;每小题1分,满分30分)
(一)听下面5个单词。每个单词后面有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出作为该单词音标的正确选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每个单词后,你都有10秒钟钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每个单词读两遍。
 
(二)听下面5个句子。每个句子后面都有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出作为恰当反应的最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每个句子后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下小题。每个句子仅读一遍。
(  )6. A. That’s a good idea!    B. Yes, we do.            C. You’re so lucky.
(  )7. A. It is rainy.           B. It was Sunday.         C. It was cloudy.
(  )8. A. Good luck!         B. Great! Thanks a lot.      C. Don’t worry about me.
(  )9. A. Never mind.        B. I don ’t think I agree.     C. What about you?
(  )10. A. Oh, yes.           B. Of course, I have.        C. That’s great news.
(三)听下面5个小对话。每个对话后面都有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出作为恰当反应的最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每个句子后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下小题。每个对话仅读一遍。
(  )11. Does Daming have a penfriend?
A. Yes, he does.      B. No, he doesn’t.     C. We don’t know.
(  )12. When is Anna going to the concert?
A. This morning.     B. This afternoon.    C. This evening.
(  )13. What will Jerry be?
A. A doctor.          B.  A teacher.        C.  A presenter.
(  )14. What is the girl doing at the meeting?
A. She is singing.     B. She i s talking.     C. She is eating.
(  )15. Who is Anna’s best friend?
A. Ann.             B. Lucy.             C. Lily.
(四)听下面三段对话。每段对话后各有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出作为恰当反应的最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话前,你都有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各个小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话读两遍。
听下面一段对话,回答 第16至18 题。
(  )16. What’s Li Hua’s hobby?
A. Listening to music.     B. Learning English words.  C. Playing tennis.
(  )17. How did Li Hua learn the new words in the English songs?
A. By using a dictionary.   B. By asking her teacher.    C. By listening to them a lot.
(  )18. Whats Jack’s hobby?
A.  Listening to music.     B. Singing songs.         C. Playing tennis.
听下面一段对话,回答第19至21题。
(  )19. Whose photos are those?
A. The boy’s            B. The girl’s.             C. Alice’s
(  )20. How long has Alice stayed in Beijing?
A. A week.              B. Two days.             C. A month.
(  )21. What did Alice think of Beijing?
A. Boring.              B. Great.                C. Just so so.
听下面一段对话,回答第22至25题。
(  )22. Where is the woman from?
A.  America            B. China                 C. Japan
(  )23. Why did the woman come to England ?
A.  Travel             B. Work.               C. Study English.
(  )24. How long has the woman studied in Brighton University?
A.  For six months.         B. For one year.          C. For one year and a half.
(   )25. What does the woman want to be after she goes back?
A.  A teacher.            B. A worker.              C. A reporter.
(五)听下面一段独白。独白后有5个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出作为恰当反应的最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听独白前,你都有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各个小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。该段独白读两遍。
(  )26. What are Jenny’s favourite subjects?
A.  Maths and English.   B. Chinese and English.   C. Physics and Chinese.
(  )27. Jenny’s Chinese teacher said she was     .
A.  hard-working        B. lazy                C. could do better
(  )28. Jenny is good at     .
A.  writing             B. listening            C. speaking
(  )29. The worst news is from Jenny’s     teacher.
A.  geography            B. physics             C. English
(  )30. There are     subjects in this passage.
A.4                   B.5                   C.6
二、完形填空(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
A group of frogs were travelling through the forests,but unluckily two of them fell into a hole.The other frogs tried to help them.When they saw how (31) the hole was,they cried to the two frogs that they could not be saved.The two frogs didnt(32) and tried their best to jump up out of the hole.The other frogs(33) saying that they were sure to die. (34) ,one of the two frogs,who heard what the other frogs were saying,(35) .Then he fell down and died.
The other frog,however,(36)  to jump as hard as he could,and at last made it out.When he (37) ,the other frogs asked,"Didnt you hear us?"The frog,who had a poor(38) ,explained,"I thought you were encouraging me all the time."
The story teaches us a(39) :There is power(力量) of life and death in the tongue.An (40)word to those who are down can help them out while a discouraging word can kill them.
31.A.small            B.deep          C.wide
32.A.care            B.refuse         C.think
33.A.kept            B.stopped       C.practiced 
34.A.Luckily          B.Finally       C.Suddenly 
35.A.went on          B.ran away       C.gave up
36.A.happened        B.continued       C.planned 
37.A.got out          B.ran away       C.got off 
38.A.smelling         B.eyesight      C.hearing 
39.A.way            B.skill           C.lesson
40.A.interesting         B.encouraging   C.Exciting
三、阅读理解(共20小题;每小题2分,满分40分)
A
It is not common for the human body to sit for a long time in the old days. But now sitting for a long time every day is common. Sitting for a long time is dangerous for your health. You can hurt your arms and your neck. You can also hurt your back.
People who work in offices often have health problems. People who travel many hours on planes often say they feel bad at the end of a long trip. The following tips can help you if you don’t want any problems.
Sit correctly. Keep your back straight and your feet on the floor. It is very necessary to have a comfortable chair. The chair can help you sit correctly.
Take breaks often. Don’t sit for more than thirty minutes.Stand up and have a break. Having a break can help you do more work in the day.
Drink water. Water cleans your body and keeps healthy. It’s good for you and gives you energy. But please don’t drink lots of coffee or tea.
Move your body. Stretching (拉伸) is a simple and quick way of moving your body while you are sitting down. Stretch your arms, your hands and your shoulders. Don’t stretch a lot if it hurts.
41.Sitting for a long time ever y day is common at the moment.
A 对                          B 错
42.People who work in offices hardly have health problems.
A 对                          B 错
43.Having a break can help you do more work in the day.
A 对                          B 错
44. You should drink lots of coffee or tea instead of water.
A 对                          B 错
45. The passage shows us some ways to keep your body healthy.
A 对                          B 错
B
Many people like to travel during their vacations. Some people travel in tour groups because they think it is safe and cheap. A tour guide takes care of the group and makes sure the group can see a lot of interesting and beautiful sights. Other people like travelling alone or with friends. If you travel by yourself, you are free to see what you want to see.
People trav el for many reasons. Some people travel to learn more about other countries’ people, culture, food and languages. Some people travel for adventure(冒险). They want to do some different things, such as skiing, bungee jumping(蹦极跳) and mountain climbing. Other people like to shop when they travel. They look for new things or cheap ones.
There are different ways to travel. Some people take trains, boats or buses, some fly, and others drive cars. Some people like to travel slowly and spend a long time in each place, while others like to take quick tours and visit more places in a short time.
How do you like to spend your vacation?
(  ) 46. What does “sights” mean in Chinese in the first paragraph?
A. 视力          B. 看见         C. 风景         D. 情景
(  ) 47. Why do some people like traveling alone?
A. Because they want to see interesting sights.
B. Because they have different ways to travel.
C. Because they are free to see what they want to see.
D. Because they want to learn more about people from other countries.
(  ) 48. According to the passage, people travel for             .    .
A. adventure                   B. learning more about another country
C. shopping                    D. all of the above
(  ) 49. Some people take quick tours because           .            .
A. they travel by car
B. they li ke to visit many places in a short time
C. they have much time for traveling
D. they want to spend a long time in each place.
(  ) 50. If a person travels for adventure. he may choose         to get a different experience.
A. eating                         B. shopping
C. bungee jumping                 D. sleeping
C
In the summer between my first year and second year in college, I was invited to be an instructor(辅导员) at a high school camp. On the first day, when we were dancing and playing games,  I noticed a boy under the tree who was small and thin. His shyness made him appear weak. I walked towards him, introduced myself and invited him to join in the activities and meet some new people. He quietly replied,“No, I really don’t want to do this.”I could understand that he was in a new world but I knew it wouldn’t be right to force him, either. Actually, the boy didn’t need a close talk but a friend.
    At lunch the next day, I was leading camp songs when 1 saw the boy under the tree sitting alone. I tried again with the same invitation, but he refused once again. That evening I was told the boy’s name was Tommy. Then I asked the campers to pay special attention to the boy and spend time with him when they could.
    The days went by and the time came when we had to leave. We held a big, warm party to celebrate the closing of the camp. All the campers shared their wonderful moments. To my surprise, I found the boy from under the tree dancing joyfully with two girls. I couldnt believe it was the same person.
In October of my second year, I received a phone call from Tommy’s mother. She told me that Tommy was hit by a car and killed. I offered my deep sadness . The mother said:“Tommy mentioned you so many times. I want you to know that he went back to school and made new friends with confidence. You made a difference for Tommy during his last months.”
At that moment, I realized how easy it was to give a bit of yourself every day. You may never know how much each gesture may mean to someone else. I hope that everyone can pay attention to their own“boy under the tree”.
(  ) 51. Before the writer came to the high school summer camp, he was a (n)      .
A. instructor        B. camper        C. student           D. reporter
(  )52. How many times did the writer invite the boy to join in the activities?
A. Once        B. Twice     C. Three times     D. Many times
(  ) 53. Which is the correct order about the story?
①The boy danced joyfully with two girls.
②The boy went back to school and made new friends.
③The boy refused to join in the activities.
④The boy’s mother made a phone call to the writer.
A. ①②③④      B. ②③①④    C. ③①②④     D. ④③②①
(  ) 54. From Paragraph 4, we can infer(推断)that Tommy’s mother was very       to the writer.
A. thankful     B. helpful    C. faithful      D. harmful
(  ) 55. What does the underlined word replied mean?
A. 说      B. 回答    C. 问      D. 邀请
D
Most schools have radio stations.They give you world and Chinese news. Sometimes they play music.What music does your school radio station play?Do you like the music?
●Hu Ziwei,13,Nanjing
Our school plays songs once a week. Some get excited when they hear songs by pop singers like Jay Chou. I like the theme songs of TV dramas. I hope I can hear more of them.
●Wei Mengdi,13,Beijing
Each afternoon, when school is over, there is music in the school. It is usually Going Home. After a day of hard work, it relaxes us. As for myself, I like to listen to classical music.
●Yang Shutong,14,Tianjin
Our school radio station used to play songs. But they seldom do it now. I like Jay Chou. I like to hear any song by him.
●Wang Feixuan,12,Xi’an
Our school plays songs every Friday.They usually play them after the 30-minute class break. Most of the time,the station plays popular music. If I have time,I will ask them to play my favorite classical music.
56. What are they mainly talking about?
A. What news does their school radio station play?
B. How many schools have radio stations?
C. What music does their school radio station play?
D. Who likes music best?
57. The underlined word "seldom ”in the fourth paragraph means      .
A.经常      B.很少          C.几乎           D.可能
58. According to the passage, who likes classical music?
A.  Hu Ziwei and Wang Feixuan   B.  Wei Mengdi and Yang Shutong
C.  Yang Shutong and Fu Ziwen   D. Wang Feixuan and Wei Mengdi
59. Whose school plays songs every day?
A. Hu Ziwei’s      B Wei Mengdi’s   C. Yang Shutong’s.    D Wang Feixuan’s
60. Which of the following is NOT true according to the information of the passage?
A. Hu Ziwei’s school plays songs every day.
B. Wei Mengdi’s school plays the song Going Home
C Yang Shutong’s school played songs in the past
D. Wang Feixuan’s school plays songs once a week
四、语法填空(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
Are you trying to live a   61  (health)life? The following tips may sound strange, but they can  62   (real) help you.
Exercise when you are tired
After a long and tiring day of study, an offer to exercise might not sound like 63   (冠词)good idea, but it should. In fact, physical   64  (activity) can provide you with the missing energy. Research shows that exercising   65  (介词) just 30 minutes can make you feel good!
Write by hand to help the brain be active
    Although writing something using a computer is faster, it is much   66  (good) to remember the whole thing by   67  (write) it down by  hand. When you read a handwritten text, naturally it’s easier for your brains to remember the information.
Spare more time for yourself
    By sparing the time for yourself and just being alone for a while, you can have a chance to think and get to know   68  (you) better. And you won’t behave impulsively (易冲动地).
Drink hot drinks on a hot day
     What cools more on a hot summer morning, cold water   69  (连词) hot water? A study shows that the hot water does make people  70   (feel)cooler. When you are drinking something hot, the  body will feel the change in temperature and increase the perspiration (流汗), which helps you cool down!
五、阅读表达 (共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)
One day, a boy had a fight with one of his classmates.Then he went to his grandfather and told him his story angrily, 他说他真的讨厌那个同学。The grandfather said, “ Let me tell you a story.When I was a boy, sometimes I also  hated others for what they did…”
    As the boy listened carefully, the grandfather went on, “There are always two tigers inside my heart.One is good and kind. He gets on well with everything around her. But the other is bad and unfriendly. Even the smallest thing will make him angry. He fights with everyone all the time, and for no reason. He cant think carefully because he always hates others. It is difficult to live with these two tigers inside my heart. They both try to control me.”
The boy looked into his grandfather’s eyes and asked,“ Which tiger always controls you, Grandfather?”
The old man said slowly and seriously, “ The one that I feed. I always feed the good and kind tiger, so I never hate others and seldom get angry now.”
1. 将文中划线的汉语句子译成英语。
                                                                
2. 将文中划线的英语句子译成汉语。
                                                                
3. 从文中找出与下面句子意思相同的句子。
Both of them try to control me.
                                                                
4. According to the passage, True or False.(T 代表正确,F代表错误)
The grandfather want to tell the boy not to hate others.(   )
                                                                
5. 回答问题:
 What happened to the boy before he went to his grandfather?
                                                                
六、书面表达 (满分20分)
请你介绍一下爱好、爱好的作用以及你自己的一些爱好,并说明原因。
提示:1、不同的人有不同的爱好。比如......
2、我认为爱好可以使人放松,可以使你长大成人,发展你的兴趣,帮助你学习新技能。
3、你也可以很容易交到朋友,因为你们有共同的兴趣。
4、我的爱好是.....
5、我的爱好的影响。
要求:1、语句通顺,语言流畅。
2、80词左右。
 
2017—2018学年度第二学期期末检测
八年级英语参考答案
二、听力部分(共30小题;每小题1分,满分30分)
1-5 CCCAB           6-10ACABC       11-15BCACB
16-20AACCA         21-25BBCAA       26-30BACAA
二、完形填空(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
31-35 BAABC      36-40BACCB
三、阅读理解(共20小题;每小题2分,满分40分)
41-45  ABABA
46-50  CCDBC
51-55  ABCAB
56-60  CBDBA
四、语法填空(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
61. healthy   62.really   63.a           64 activities      65.for
66. better    67.writing  68. yourself     69.or           70.feel
五、阅读表达 (共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)
1. He said that he really hated that classmate.
2. 在我的心里面总是有两只老虎。
3. They both try to control me.
4.T
5. He had a fight with one of his classmates.
七、 书面表达 (满分20分)
Hobbies
Different people have different hobbies. Such as reading, painting, growing vegetables and looking after animals. I think hobbies can make you relax,grow as a person,  develop your interests and help you learn new skills. And you can make friends easier, because you have common interests. I have many hobbies, such as reading, writing, singing, drawing, watching TV and doing exercise. I think hobbies can make my life color ful. Besides, having some hobbie s can bring knowledge to me. For example, reading is a good way to get knowledge. I can not learn all from class, so reading can bring me other knowledge. Singing and drawing are skills. They can help me to improve myself.

评分标准:
1、总分为20分,按五个档次给分。
2、根据内容的完整性、语言的标准性及文章结构的合理性初步确定所属档次,然后以该档次的要求来衡量,确定或调档。
3、评分时,应着重注意考生所应用词汇、语法结构的准确性、上下文的连贯性及相关的完整性。
4、词数少于80的,从总分中减去2分。
5、拼写与标点符号是语言标准性的一个方面,应适当予以考虑,最多扣2分。
6、如书写较差,以致影响交际的酌情扣分。

 

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