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仁爱版八年级英语上册Unit 1单元检测试题(附答案)

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单元综合检测
(考试时间:100分钟,满分:120分)
题号 第一部分 第二部分 第三部分 总分
 Ⅰ Ⅱ Ⅲ Ⅳ Ⅴ Ⅰ Ⅱ Ⅲ Ⅳ Ⅰ  Ⅱ 
得分            
第一部分  听力 (25分)
Ⅰ.听句子,选择正确图片。每个句子读一遍。(5分)
  
1._______  2._______  3._______  4._______  5._______
Ⅱ.听句子,选择与所听句子意思相同或相近的一项。每个句子读一遍。(5分)
(    )6.A.I don’t like playing basketball.
 B.Basketball is my favorite.
 C.Sometimes I play basketball.
(    )7.A.Ding Kang won the game.
 B.The winner must be Ding Kang in the game.
 C.I believe Ding Kang will win.
(    )8.A.Betty goes swimming three times a month.
 B.Betty goes swimming once two weeks.
 C.Betty goes swimming once two months.
(    )9.A.There is a loud speaking in the classroom.
 B.There is a loud speaking in the reading room.
 C.There is no one speaking loudly in the reading room.
(    )10.A.Da Wei is glad to do something for foreign visitors.
 B.Da Wei is a foreigner. C.Da Wei won’t help foreigners.
Ⅲ.听对话及问题,选择正确答案。每组对话及问题读两遍。(5分)
(    )11.A.620524696. B.625026496. C.265420496.
(    )12.A.No, it isn’t. B.Yes, it is. C.They all forget it.
(    )13.A.To the playground. B.To the reading room.
 C.To the classroom.
(    )14.A.They’re playing basketball. B.They’re reading.
 C.They’re watching a match.
(    )15.A.The history of the Olympics. B.The history of China.
 C.The 2008 Olympics.
Ⅳ.听对话,完成表格。对话读三遍。(5分)
Name Favorite
Tom He is going to 16          .
He prefers 17          .
He is 18            playing soccer.
Mary She likes doing sports 19           .
She likes 20             best.
Ⅴ.听短文,选择正确答案。短文读两遍。(5分)
(    )21.Who was a good player?
 A.Peter. B.Sam. C.The goal keeper.
(    )22.When did the match start?
 A.At one. B.At two. C.At three.
(    )23.What was the result(结果) in the first half of the match?
 A.0 to 0. B.1 to 0. C.2 to 0.
(    )24.When did Sam kick the ball into the right corner of the goal?
 A.In the first half of the match.
 B.Almost at the beginning of the match.
 C.Almost at the end of the match.
(    )25.What was the result of the match for Sam’s team?
 A.0 to 0. B.2 to 0. C.1 to 0.
第二部分  基础知识运用(65分)
Ⅰ.单项选择。(15分)
(    )1.—Would you like to climb mountains with me this Sunday?
 —I’d love to. But I _______ play table tennis between Class Three and our class.
 A.am going B.am going to  C.am D.going to
(    )2.—Do you like swimming?
 —Yes, swimming is a good way _______ fit.
 A.keep B.to keep C.keeping D.keeps
(    )3.—Would you please _______ so much noise?
 —Oh, sorry, I won’t.
 A. not make B.don’t make C. not to make D.making
(    )4.—What _______ we do then?
 —Let’s go out for a walk.
 A.do B.must C.shall D.did
(    )5.One of my teammates fell ill _______ he can’t practice with us now.
 A. so that B.however C. instead of D.never mind
(    )6.Everyone knows China is getting _______.
 A.strong and strong  B.more strong and strong
 C.stronger and stronger D.strongest and strongest
(    )7.—Would you mind _______here?
 —I’m sorry about that. I’ll go somewhere else.
 A.no smoking B.not smoking C.no smoke D.not smoke
(    )8.Our football team is _______ win next year.
 A.sure of B.sure about C.sure that D.sure to
(    )9.I think _______ a foreign language is not easy. You should _______ it often.
 A.to learn; to practice B.learning; practice
 C.learn; practicing  D.learns; to practice
(    )10.There _______ a football match next week. Shall we go and watch it?
 A.will have B.has C.have D.will be
(    )11.—Don’t do that again. Shame on you!
 —_______
 A.Sorry, I won’t.  B.Sorry, I don’t.
 C.All right, I won’t. D.OK, I won’t.
(    )12.A bad eating habit will not kill people at once. It can, _______, cause many diseases.
 A.though B.but C.however D.because
(    )13.Don’t shout at him. He _______.
 A.will do his best B.did well in C.is good at D.did his best
(    )14.—Congratulations! Li Ming, you’re the winner in the running race. Are you happy?
 —Yes, but very tired _______.
 A.as well B.too C.either D.as well as
(    )15.Could you tell me _______ to the bus station?
 A.how to get  B.how do I get
 C.how I do get  D.how will I get
Ⅱ.情景交际。(10分)
(A)选择方框中的句子完成对话,其中有两项多余。(5分)
Mike:Hi, Jim.   16 
Jim:I am going to the gym.
Mike:  17 
Jim:I’m going to take part in the football match there.   18 
Mike:Of course. I’ll go there to cheer you on.
Jim:Oh. It’s very good.   19 
Mike:Yes, I do. But I don’t play very well.
Jim:You need more practice.
Mike:Yes, you’re right.   20 
Jim:At five o’clock.
Mike:Oh, it’s ten past four now. Let’s hurry.
A.How long will it last?
B.Do you like playing football?
C.Would you like to go with me?
D.Where are you going?
E.When will the match start?
F.What are you going there for?
G.Will you enjoy soccer?
(B)根据对话情景,在空白处填入合适的句子。(5分)
A:Tomorrow is Sunday. 21.___________________? 
B:I’m going to visit my uncle’s farm with my father, Betty.
A:Where’s his farm? 22.___________________?
B:No, not very far. It’s about half an hour’s walk.
A:May I go with you?
B:Sure.
A:23.___________________?
B:We’ll go there by bike.
A:24. ___________________?
B:Let’s meet at the park gate.
A:OK. But when shall we meet?
B:25.___________________ seven in the morning.
A:All right. See you tomorrow.
B:See you.
Ⅲ.完形填空。(10分)
A lot of students are having all kinds of sports on the sports field. A football game is going on right now   26   Class 3 and Class 4. We don’t know which team will   27  . Look at those people over there! Some students of Class 1 are practicing the   28   jump. One of them is the best high jumper in the school. He practices hard every day. Many people think he will   29   the school record (记录) in the sports meet next spring. Not far away from them, some girls are preparing for a race. They   30   have a 600-meter race in ten minutes. Now on the corner of the field, you can see another group (群) of students. Their teacher is telling them   31   to throw discus (铁饼).
In schools,   32   students love sports now. Sports help people to keep   33  . They also help people to live happily. And   34   doing sports on the sports field, many people will   35   good friends, too. Do you think so? 
(    )26.A.in B.between C.from D.of
(    )27.A.win B.winning C.fall D.falling
(    )28.A.long B.far C.high D.tall
(    )29.A.break B.turn C.leave D.name
(    )30.A.were B.going to C.were going to D.will
(    )31.A.what B.how C.which D.that
(    )32.A.much and much B.most and most C.many and many D.more and more
(    )33.A.health B.tired C.healthy D.happy
(    )34.A.in B.before C.after D.over
(    )35.A.become B.change C.get D.bring
Ⅳ.阅读理解。(30分)(其中A、B两篇每小题1分,C、D两篇每小题2分)
(A)
Are Sports Important?
Sports are all around us. We watch and read sports news. There are also sports clubs, and even sports-only channels (频道) on TV. In many countries, players make millions of dollars every year.
But why are sports so important? They’re only games, right?
Our readers answer:
Vlad (Ukraine乌克兰)
Sports bring people together. In 2006, our team was able to play in the 2006 World Cup for the first time. Everyone was happy. Rich and poor, old and young, men and women—everyone was in the streets together!
Mike (U.S.A.)
Sports bring people together, but they divide them too. Fans of different teams fight all the time—they shout and hit each other. And here’s another example: My brother plays high school baseball. Last week, his team played an important game. At the game, two parents fought about a call. Come on … baseball is only a game! Sports are so competitive (有竞争力的) these days. It’s all about winning. Then the game isn’t fun.
Oba (South Africa)
Right now, some of the world’s best soccer players are from African countries, and the 2010 World Cup games will be held in South Africa. Yes, some players make a lot of money—maybe too much, but sporting events (like the World Cup) bring tourists to the countries where sporting events are held and money to the people in these countries. And that is good for Africa.
(    )36.What’s the idea of Vlad to the sports?
  A.They make people rich.  
  B.They bring people happiness all the time.
  C.They make people younger.
  D.They bring people together.
(    )37. What does Mike think of a game when players and fans only think about winning?
 A.It’s important.  B.It’s exciting.
 C.It’s not fun.  D.It’s not necessary.
(    )38.Why are sports important for Oba?
 A.Because sports are competitive these days.
 B.Because sports can make money for a country.
 C.Because sports can make players rich every year.
 D.Because sports can make people happy.
(    )39.What does the underlined word“call”mean?
 A.Decision. B.Telephone. C.Suggestion. D.Seat.
(    )40.What is the main idea of this passage?
 A.Sports are popular all over the world.
 B.Sports divide people from different countries.
 C.People have different opinions about sports.
 D.Sports bring tourists and money to Africa.
(B)
One Sunday, Cody decided to go sailing in his boat with his friend Dane, but Dane happened to be away. Dane’s brother Brett wanted to go instead though he did not know anything about sailing. Cody agreed and they set out to sea.
Soon they found themselves in a thick fog. Cody was sure they would be hit by a big ship. Fortunately (幸运地) he saw a large buoy (浮标) through the fog and decided to tie the boat to it for safety. As he was getting onto the buoy, however, he dropped the wet rope. The boat moved away in the fog carrying Brett who did not know how to use the radio. He drifted (漂流) about and was not seen until twelve hours later.
Cody spent the night on the buoy. In the early morning he fell asleep and was having a dream when a shout woke him up. A ship, the Good Hope, came up and he climbed onto it and thanked the captain. The captain told him that Brett had been picked up by another ship and the ship’s captain had sent out a message.
根据短文内容,判断正(T)误(F)。
(    )41.Cody went sailing in his boat with his friend’s brother Brett.
(    )42.About sailing, Brett knew a little.
(    )43.Soon they got into trouble because of the thick fog.
(    )44.They drifted about and were not seen until twelve hours later.
(    )45.Brett was saved by the ship, the Good Hope.
(C)
Baseball is one of the favorite sports in the U.S.A. Children play baseball in sports fields or parks.
At summer picnic, there is often an informal baseball game. Boys and girls, young and old take turns to bat. There are nine players on each team.
The baseball season goes from April to September. During this time, baseball matches are showed on TV and members of the important baseball teams become America’s heroes(英雄). At the end of the season the two top teams play against each other. Many baseball fans go along to watch the game. Millions of others listen to the radio or watch the television. People seem to talk only about the game. Even long after it is over, they still talk about the result and the players.
American football is perhaps the most popular sport in the U.S.A. The football season begins when the baseball season ends. More people are interested in football than baseball. When there is an important game, thousands of people sit beside radios or in front of television sets to get the result.
(    )46.According to the passage, which is wrong?
 A.Boys and girls like baseball games.
 B.Baseball is played in the open air.
 C.A baseball match has nine players.
 D.Children sometimes play baseball in parks.
(    )47.American people play baseball in April, _______ and September.
 A.May, June, July, August
 B.March, May, July, August
 C.January, June, October, November
 D.February, May, July, December
(    )48.What happens at the end of the baseball season?
 A.People talk only about football games.
 B.Many baseball fans become members of top teams.
 C.A lot of people join in the games.
 D.Two top teams play a wonderful baseball game.
(    )49._______ follows the baseball season in the U.S.A.
 A.The baseball season  B.The football season
 C.A baseball match  D.A football match
(    )50.This passage mainly tells us something about _______.
 A. the football season in the U.S.A.
 B.football is more interesting than baseball in the U.S.A.
 C.the difference between baseball and football
 D.the baseball season in the U.S.A.
(D)
People enjoy sports. Sports help to keep people healthy, happy and to live longer. Many people like to watch others play games. They buy tickets or sit in front of TV sets. Often they get very excited when “their player or team” wins.
People play different games in winter and summer. Swimming is fun in warm weather, but skating is good in winter.
Some sports are so interesting that most people like them. Football, for example (例如), is played around the world. Swimming is very popular in all countries near the sea or in those with many rivers. How fun it is to jump into a pool or a lake! And for people in cold countries, like Norway or Canada, they like to skate or ski.
Some sports go back thousands of years, like running or jumping. Chinese boxing(拳击), for example, has a long history. But basketball and volleyball are very new. And new sports or games come into the world almost all the time.
根据短文内容,回答下列问题。
51.Why do people like sports?
_____________________________
52.What’s the meaning of “their player or team” in the first passage?
_____________________________
53.Which sport is very popular in the countries near the sea?
_____________________________
54.In what kind of country people like to ski?
_____________________________
55.What sports have a long history?
_____________________________
第三部分  写作(30分)
Ⅰ.词汇。(10分)
(A)根据句意及首字母提示补全单词。
1.Liu Xiang broke the Olympic r_______ and won a gold medal in the 2004 Athens Olympics.
2.They are l_______ for Beijing the day after tomorrow.
3.Cui Hua, shall we s_______ the sour cabbage (酸菜)?
4.When you get home from school, you should r_______ yourself with music.
5.Jane is always careful, but her brother is always c_______.
(B)用所给词的适当形式填空。
6.Can you tell me your reason for_______ (leave) home in a hurry?
7.Phelps won eight _______ (golden) medals in swimming in the Beijing Olympics.
8.Who _______ (invent) basketball in 1891?
9.He is going away for at _______ (little) a week.
10.Doing morning exercises is a good way to keep _______ (health).
(C)选用方框中的词组完成句子。(5分)
instead of, build up, have fun, follow the rules
right away, more and more, take part in
11._______ young people like playing computer games.
12.As a student, you must _______ of your school.
13.Walking helps to _______ our leg muscles.
14.Will you _______ our English corner?
15.—Lucy, don’t listen to the music. Do your homework first.
—OK. I’ll do it _______.
Ⅱ.书面表达。(15分)
(A)看图写话。(5分)
 
be going to          make, strong           turn down
 
fit, active            help with
16. ________________________________________________       
17._________________________________________________
18._________________________________________________
19._________________________________________________     
20._________________________________________________
(B)2008年奥运会已经在北京成功举办了,假如你当时作为一名奥运会的志愿者,你是如何向外国朋友介绍北京的?80词左右。(10分)
提示词:the Forbidden City  故宫   Beijing Roast Duck  北京烤鸭
 

听 力 材 料
单元综合检测
 Ⅰ.听句子,选择正确图片。每个句子读一遍。
1. Would you mind teaching me how to play ping-pong?
2. The Olympic rings stand for the five parts of the world.
3. You should build yourself up.
4. My favorite sport is football.
5. On Saturday night, our family went out to see a basketball match.
Ⅱ.听句子,选择与所听句子意思相同或相近的一项。每个句子读一遍。
6. I have great fun playing basketball.
7. I’m sure Ding Kang will win the game.
8. Betty goes swimming twice a month.
9. Would you mind not speaking loudly in the reading room?
10. Da Wei often helps foreign visitors.
Ⅲ.听对话和问题,选择正确答案。每组对话和问题读两遍。
11. W: What’s your QQ number?
M: It’s 625026496.
Q: What’s the man’s QQ number?
12. W: I’m sorry for losing your basketball.
M: Have you forgotten it? You have given it back to me.
Q: Is the basketball lost?
13. M: Hi, Wang Tao.
W: Hi, Ding Qiang. Where is your brother?
M: He is not here. You may go to the playground to find him.
W: OK, I will. Thank you.
Q: Where will Wang Tao go?
14. W: Oh. It’s a wonderful match!
M: Yes, I think so. I like both of the basketball teams.
Q: What are they doing?
15. W: John, what are these VCDs about?
M: They’re about the history of the Olympics. They’re very interesting.
Q: What are the VCDs about?
Ⅳ.听对话,完成表格。对话读三遍。
M: Hi, Mary. Nice to meet you here.
W: Hi, Tom. Nice to meet you, too. What are you going to do this afternoon?
M: I’m going to do some sports. By the way, do you like sports?
W: Yes, I like sports quite a lot.
M: What’s your favorite sport?
W: I like soccer best. What about you?
M: I prefer playing basketball.
W: How about playing soccer with me?
M: I’m not good at it. Would you mind teaching me?
W: Not at all.
Ⅴ.听短文,选择正确答案。短文读两遍。
Sam is a good player. Last Saturday, there was a football match. The match started at three o’clock. It was very exciting. Both teams played very well, but there was no score in the first half of the match. After having a rest for ten minutes, the two teams continued the game, but there was still no score, either. Until it was almost at the end of the match, Sam kicked the ball into the right corner of the goal. The goal keeper could not catch the ball, so it went into the goal.
At the end of the match, the score was 1 to 0 for Sam’s team. 

参考答案及解析
单元综合检测
第一部分  听力
Ⅰ. 1.B  2.D  3. E  4.A  5.C
Ⅱ. 6.B  7.C  8.B  9.B  10.A
Ⅲ. 11.B  12.A  13.A  14.C  15.A
Ⅳ. 16.do some sports
17.playing basketball
18.not good at
19.quite a lot
20.soccer/playing soccer
Ⅴ. 21.B  22.C  23.A  24.C  25.C

第二部分  基础知识运用
Ⅰ. 1.B 考查将来时的be going to结构。
2.B 考查词组a good way to do sth. 意为“……最好的方式”。
3.A 考查would you please的否定用法,应为would you please +not+do。
4.C shall在此表示征询意见,常用于第一人称的疑问句中。
5.A 此处有承接之意,“因为他生病了,所以不能和我们训练。”
6.C 考查“形容词比较级+and+形容词比较级”,表示“越来越……”。strong的比较级是在词尾加-er。
7.B 考查Would you mind not doing sth. ?句型。
8.D 考查be sure to do sth. 表示“确信做某事,肯定做某事”。
9.B 考查动名词作主语和“主语+should+动词原形”。
10.D 考查there be的将来时结构,用there will be或there is going to be。
11.A 考查祈使句的应答。根据语境应用Sorry, I won’t.
12.C 根据题意,前后表转折,排除A、D。however作为插入语,前后由逗号隔开,故选C。
13.D 本句意为“别朝他嚷嚷,他已经尽力了。” 可见事已做完,应为过去时。
14.A too往往用逗号和前面隔开,either常用于否定句, as ... as表示“和……一样”,只能选A。
15.A 此处考查“怎样做某事”用how to do sth. 这是疑问词接不定式构成的短语。类似的短语有: what to do; where to go。
Ⅱ. (A) 16.D  17.F  18.C  19.B  20. E
   (B) 21. What are you going to do
22. Is it far from here
23. How shall we go there
24. Where shall we meet
25. Let’s make it
Ⅲ. 26.B between ... and表示“在……之间”。
27.A will后跟动词原形,这句话是说“我们不知道哪个队会赢”。故选A。
28.C 下句提到他们中的一个是学校跳得最高的,可见“他们在练习跳高”。故选C。
29.A 上句提到“他每天都刻苦练习”,所以人们认为他会破纪录。故选A。
30.D in ten minutes表示“十分钟后”,故这里用一般将来时。
31.B 本句是说“老师正在告诉他们怎样掷铁饼”。故选B。
32.D 此句应选D,表示“越来越多的学生喜爱体育”。
33.C keep是系动词,后跟形容词作表语。
34.C 本句表示运动过后,很多人都会成为朋友。故选C。
35.A become“变成”,后跟名词、代词、分词。
Ⅳ. (A)
36.D 由Vlad的answer第一句Sports bring people together可知选D。
37.C 根据文章第三部分的最后一行“It’s all about winning. Then the game isn’t fun.”判断。
38.B 根据文章的最后两行得知。像世界杯这样大型的运动会能给这些国家和人带来游客和外汇,这对非洲有好处。
39.A 通过美国人Mike的叙述,父母为支持哪一队展开了激烈的讨论。fight about有“为……而战/为……斗争”之意。fight about a call在这是为裁判判决激烈争论。
40.C 根据后面人的回答,有的说它好,有的说它不好。也就是对运动不同的人有不同的观点。

(B) 
41.T 由第一段第二句可知答案。故本题是正确的。
42.F 由第一段第二句可知Brett对航海一无所知。
43.T 由第二段第一句可知。
44.F 由第二段最后一句可知只有Brett一个人到处漂流,直到十二个小时后才被发现。
45.F 由最后一段最后一句可知Brett被另一艘船获救。
(C)
46.C 由第二段最后一句可知,“每个队有9名队员”,那么整个比赛应该是18名队员。故C为错的。
47.A 第三段第一句提到棒球赛季从四月到九月。
48.D 由第三段第三句可知赛季的末期,两个最好的队还要进行一场决赛。可知选D。
49.B 最后一段第二句提到“足球赛季在棒球赛季结束后”。可知选B。
50.D 本文主要描述的是棒球。
(D)
51.Because sports help to keep people healthy, happy and to live longer.
52.That means the player or team they like.
53. Swimming.
54.The cold countries, like Norway or Canada.
55. Running, jumping and Chinese boxing.
第三部分  写作
Ⅰ. (A) 1. record  2. leaving  3. serve  4. relax  5. careless
   (B) 6. leaving  7. gold  8. invented  9. least  10. healthy
   (C)11. More and more  12. follow the rules  13. build up  14. take part in  15. right away
Ⅱ.参考范文:
(A) 16. I’m going to the Great Wall.
17. Running can make me strong.
18. Would you mind turning down the music?
19.They look fit and active.
20. He often helps me with my English.
(B)
Beijing is the capital of China with a long history. There are quite a lot of places of interest, such as the Great Wall, the Forbidden City, the Summer Palace and so on. As you know, Beijing lies in the north of China, so the winter here is long and it snows sometimes. Autumn is the best season to come to Beijing, because it’s cool. We also have lots of delicious foods in Beijing and Beijing Roast Duck is the most famous one. I’m glad to say that Beijing will hold the 2008 Olympic Games.This will give us the chance to let the world know more about China and Beijing. Welcome to Beijing and I’m sure you’ll enjoy it.
 

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