上海市长宁区2022年中考英语一模试题(附解析)

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时间:2022-06-23 11:00:17

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Part1Listening(第一部分听力)I.ListeningComprehension(听力理解)(共25分)A.Listenandchoosetherightpicture(根据你听到的内容,选出相应的图片)(5分)1.【此处可播放相关音频,请去附件查看】A.B.C.D.E.F.1.___________2.___________3.___________4.___________5.___________【答案】①.B②.F③.D④.C⑤.E【解析】【原文】1.Adrivermustwearasafetybeltwhiledriving.2.Doinghouseworkcandevelopachild’ssenseofresponsibility.3.Tokyohostedthe2020SummerOlympicGamesthisyear.4.Agoodwayofimprovingourthinkingabilityistouseamindmap.5.Jackoftenwalkstoschooleverydaybecauseit’snotfarfromhishome.B.Listentothedialogueandchoosethebestanswertothequestionyouhear(根据你听到的对话和问题,选择最恰当的答案)(5分)2.【此处可播放相关音频,请去附件查看】A.Sunny.B.Windy.C.Snowy.D.Rainy.【答案】D【解析】【原文】W:Bob,didyouhaveagoodtimeattheDisneyparklastSunday?M:No,Ididn’tgototheDisneyParkbecauseoftheheavyrain.Question:WhatwastheweatherlikelastSunday?3.【此处可播放相关音频,请去附件查看】24\nA.Gotothecinema.B.Playwithhersister.C.Watchabasketballmatch.D.Buytwotickets.【答案】A【解析】【原文】M:Hi,Cathy.I’vegottwoticketsforthebasketballmatchatShanghaiStadiumtomorrowevening.Willyougowithme?W:Thankyou,James,butI’drathergotothecinemawithmysister.We’llseeaChinesefilm.I’vehearditisahitinShanghainow.Question:WhatisCathygoingtodotomorrowevening?4.【此处可播放相关音频,请去附件查看】A.Atafruitmarket.B.Inaphonestore.C.Inacomputerfactory.D.Atthebookingoffice.【答案】B【解析】【原文】Thisisanewkindofmobilephone.We’vesoldalottoday.Really?Itlooksverydifferentfromtheothersinyourshop.ThisisthelatestmodelfromAppleCompany.Question:Wheredoesthedialoguemostprobablytakeplace?5.【此处可播放相关音频,请去附件查看】A.BossandWorker.B.Librarianandstudent.C.Managerandsecretary.D.Shopassistantandcustomer.【答案】D【解析】【原文】CanIhelpyou?Iboughtthistshirtasagiftlastweek,buthavefounditisthewrongsize,soIwanttoreturnit.Ifyouhaveyourreceipt,therewillbenoproblem.Thankyouverymuch.QuestionWhatistheprobablerelationshipbetweenthetwospeakers?6.【此处可播放相关音频,请去附件查看】24\nA.Theexamhadonlyonepage.B.Thegirlworkedoutthelasttwoproblems.C.Theexamwastoodifficultforthegirl.D.Thegirlfinishedtheexaminanhour.【答案】C【解析】【原文】A:Whatdidyouthinkofthemathexamlastweek?B:Itwasn’taseasyasIexpected.Attheendofthe1sthour,Iwasstillonthe1stpage,Ihardlyhadanytimetoworkoutthelasttwoproblems.A:Whatapityquestion!Question:Whatcanweknowfromthedialogue?C.Listentothepassageandtellwhetherthefollowingstatementsaretrueorfalse.(判断下列句子是否符合你听到的短文内容,符合的用“T”表示,不符合的用“F”表示)(5分)【此处可播放相关音频,请去附件查看】7.Johnwaslateforajobinterviewfor15minutesyesterday.________8.Maryadvisedtochecktraveltimeandparkingthedaybeforetheinterview.________9.Johnfeltnervouswhileinterviewingbecauseitwastoolong.________10.MarythoughtitunnecessaryforJohntocomplainabouthispastjobs.________11.Johnhadgoodexperienceandhegotthejobatlastsuccessfully.________【答案】7.T8.T9.F10.T11.F【解析】【原文】JohnandMaryaretalkingaboutajobinterview.W:Goodmorning,John.Howwasthejobinterviewyouhadyesterday?M:Itdidn’tgowell.Ididn’tgetthereontimebecauseIdidn’tfindparkingclosetotheoffice.Iparkedfiveblocksaway.W:Howlatewereyou?M:Only15minutes.Irantotheoffice.W:That’stoolateforaninterview.Nexttime,gototheplacethedaybeforetheinterview,youcanchecktraveltimeandparking,then.24\nM:Ididn’tliketheinterview.Mary.Ittookanhour.Thereweretwopeoplebehindadesk.Theyaskedmealotofquestions,whichmademefeelnervous.W:Whatwassomeofthequestions?M:Well,onequestionwas,whydoyouwantthisjob?Itoldthemthetruth.Mylastjobwasdifficult.Iworkedalotofhours.Ididn’tmakeenoughmoney.W:Youshouldn’tcomplainaboutyourpastjobs.Instead,saypositivethingsaboutthisnewcompany.M:Itoldthemgoodthings.Isaidtheircompanywaseasytogetto.Ididn’tcomplainabouttheparking.W:Butyoudidn’tsayanythingaboutthecompany.Findoutsomeinformationonthecompany’swebsite.Whatdoesthecompanydo?Whatdoyoulikeaboutit?It’simportanttoknowsomethingaboutthecompany.M:Imadealotofmistakesinthisinterview.Isaidthewrongthings.W:Don’tworryItwasgoodpractice.Itisgoingtobeeasynexttime.You’regoingtobemoreprepared.D.Listentothepassageandfillintheblanks(听短文,完成下列句子。每空限填一词)(10分)【此处可播放相关音频,请去附件查看】12.Annwasborninasmalltownandshewas________________childinherfamily.13.Annspenther________________playingtennisfromherageoffiveon.14.Peoplefromhertown________________tohelphermakeherdreamcometrue.15.Onepurposeofthecampistoleadthepeoplearoundherto________________andhappycommunities.16.Annhasusedtennistoimproveeducationandteachbetterhealth________________andexercise.【答案】12.①.the②.third13.①.free②.time14.①.raised②.money15.①.build②.safe16.①.through②.diet24\n【解析】【详解】AnnisagreattennisplayerfromAustralia.Shegrewupinasmalltown.Shecamefromalargefamilyandwasthe3rdofeightchildren.Annewasonlyfiveyearsoldwhenshewasseenlookingthroughthefenceatthetenniscourt.Shewaswatchingpeopleplaytennisandwasinvitedtoplay.Shespentallherfreetimeplayingtennisfromthattimeon,andwasaverygoodplayer.Butherfamilywaspoorandhadnomoneytobuytennisequipment.Peoplefromhertownraisedmoneytohelpherfollowherdreamofbecomingaworldfamoustennisplayer.Whenshewas14,shewastakentoSydneytoplaytennis.Shelivedwithatenniscoachandhisfamily.In1971,Annwasthe1stlocalAustraliantowinachampionship.Since2005,AnnhasruntheGulagongNationalDevelopmentCamp.Thepurposeofthecampistoencouragechildrentoworkhardatschoolandleadthepeoplearoundhertobuildsafeandhappycommunities.Annehasusedtennistoimproveeducationandteachbetterhealththroughdietandexercise.Herexamplehasledtomanyyoungpeopleplayingtennis.Shealsohashelpedyoungpeoplemakeacareerintennisasaplayeroracoach.Part2GrammarandVocabulary(第二部分语法和词汇)Ⅱ.Choosethebestanswer.(选择最恰当的答案)(本大题共15题,每题一分,共15分。每题只有一个正确选项)17.Theyoungmanagerdealtwithhisbusinessproblemsin________unusualway.A.aB.anC.theD./【答案】B【解析】【详解】句意:这位年轻的经理以一种不同寻常的方式处理他的业务问题。考查冠词的用法。a一个,用于辅音音素前;an一个,用于元音音素前;the表示特指。空后的unusual是以元音音素开头,因此用an。故选B。18.Johnisinchargeoftrainingnewstaffinhiscompany________thetimebeing.A.atB.byC.withD.for【答案】D【解析】【分析】【详解】句意:目前约翰负责在公司中培训新员工。24\n考查介词辨析。at表示时间的某一时刻或年龄;by表示在……之前;with用,和;forthetimebeing意为“暂时,目前”,为固定短语。故选D。19.You’vehadtoo________sleep.Youdozeoffinclassandcan’tfocusonyourlessons.A.fewB.manyC.littleD.much【答案】C【解析】【详解】句意:你睡得太少了。你上课打瞌睡,不能专心上课。考查形容词辨析。few少的,修饰可数名词;many很多的,修饰可数名词;little少的,修饰不可数名词;much很多的,修饰不可数名词。“sleep”为不可数名词,排除AB选项;根据“Youdozeoffinclassandcan’tfocusonyourlessons.”可知,此处指睡得少。故选C。20.Wedon’tgetlotsofcustomersonMonday,butSaturdayis________dayoftheweek.A.busyB.busierC.busiestD.thebusiest【答案】D【解析】【分析】【详解】句意:周一我们没有很多顾客,但周六是一周当中最忙的一天。考查形容词最高级。busy忙的;busier更忙的;busiest最忙的。根据“butSaturdayis...dayoftheweek”可知,此处是形容词最高级,表示“星期六是这一周七天当中最忙的”,形容词最高级前需要加the,故选D。21.—Yourteammateslook________,boys.What’sgoingon?—Theyexpectedustowinthegame,butwelost.A.sadB.sadlyC.happyD.happily【答案】A【解析】【详解】句意:——你们的队友看起来很伤心,孩子们。发生什么事了?——他们希望我们赢得比赛,但我们输了。考查系表结构和形容词词义辨析。sad伤心的,形容词;sadly伤心地,副词;happy高兴的,形容词;happily高兴地,副词。结合句意及句中look可知,空格处所在句子为系表结构,所以这里应用形容词;又根据“Theyexpectedustowinthegame,butwelost.”可知,此处是指看起来很伤心,故选A。22.You________worryaboutyourmother.Shewillsoonbebetteraftertakingsomemedicine.A.can’tB.mustn’tC.needn’tD.shouldn’t24\n【答案】C【解析】【详解】句意:你没必要担心你的母亲。她吃一些药之后很快会变好的。考查情态动词。can’t不可能;mustn’t不准;needn’t没必要;shouldn’t不应该。根据“Shewillsoonbebetteraftertakingsomemedicine”可知表达的是“没必要担心”,用“needn’t”。故选C。23.Goonadiet,________youwillnotloseyourweight.A.andB.soC.butD.or【答案】D【解析】【详解】句意:节食吧,否则你的体重就不会减轻。考查连词辨析。and然后;so因此;but但是;or否则。根据“Goonadiet...youwillnotloseyourweight.”可知,此句为“祈使句+and/or+陈述句”的结构,此处应用or,表示否则体重不会减轻。故选D。24.Theyareeagertoknow________theymaykeepthebookfromthenewlibrary.A.howlongB.howfastC.howsoonD.howoften【答案】A【解析】【详解】句意:他们急于知道这本书能从新的图书馆借多久。考查宾语从句。howlong多久;howfast多快;howsoon多久以后;howoften多久一次。根据“theymaykeepthebookfromthenewlibrary”可知,想知道可以借多久的书,故选A。25.Thelady________awalkalongthestreetwhenacarhitherfrombehindlastnight.A.tookB.wastakingC.hastakenD.hadtaken【答案】B【解析】【详解】句意:昨天晚上,当一辆轿车从后面撞到这位女士的时候,她正沿着街道散步。考查动词的时态。根据“whenacarhitherfrombehindlastnight”可知讲述的是过去的时间点正发生的动作,用过去进行时,主语“Thelady”是第三人称单数,表达“散步”谓语动词用“wastakingawalk”。故选B。26.Inthepastseveralmonthsanewcommunitypark________andwillbeopentothepublicsoon.A.isbuiltB.wasbuiltC.hasbeenbuiltD.willbebuilt【答案】C24\n【解析】【详解】句意:在过去的几个月里,一个新的社区公园已经建成,不久将向公众开放。考查被动语态。根据“Inthepastseveralmonths”可知,句子用现在完成时,主语“anewcommunitypark”与动词build之间是被动关系,故此空填现在完成时被动语态,故选C。27.Tracysuggested________tothecountrysidetobreathefreshairatweekends.A.todriveB.drivingC.driveD.drives【答案】B【解析】【详解】句意:特雷西建议周末开车到乡下去呼吸新鲜空气。考查非谓语动词。表达“建议做某事”用短语“suggestdoing ”。句子表达“开车”用动名词“driving”作宾语。故选B。28.Kittyneverreadsdetectivestoriesbeforegoingtobed,________she?A.didB.isC.hasD.does【答案】D【解析】【详解】句意:基蒂睡觉前从不读侦探小说,是吗?考查反意疑问句。反意疑问句遵循“前肯定后否定,前否定后肯定”。根据“never”可知,陈述部分用否定,疑问部分用肯定,根据“reads”可知,疑问部分用助动词does,故选D。29.Whynot________upyourselfbeautifullysinceyouaregoingtotheparty?A.dressedB.todressC.dressD.dressing【答案】C【解析】【详解】句意:既然你要去参加聚会,为什么不把自己打扮得漂漂亮亮呢?考查动词短语。Whynot+动词原形,表示“为什么不做……”,短语dressup“打扮”,故选C。30.________greatfunitistodancewithourheadmasterasmorningexercises!A.WhatB.WhataC.HowD.Howa【答案】A【解析】【详解】句意:和校长跳舞做早操是多么有趣啊!考查感叹句。what在感叹句中感叹名词,how在感叹句中感叹形容词或副词,fun“乐趣”,是不可数名词,此处用what感叹,其结构是“What+形容词+不可数名词+主语+谓语!”故选A。24\n31.Theyreadthearticleverycarefully________theycanfindouttheanswerasfastaspossible.A.assoonasB.sothatC.aslongasD.nowthat【答案】B【解析】【详解】句意:他们仔细阅读这篇文章,以便尽快找到答案。考查连词辨析。assoonas一……就……;sothat以便;aslongas只要;nowthat既然。根据“theycanfindouttheanswerasfastaspossible.”可知,此处指为了尽快找到答案,应用sothat引导目的状语从句。故选B。Ⅲ.Choosetheproperwordsorphrasesintheboxtocompletethefollowingpassage.Eachcanbeusedonlyonce.A.getonwellwithB.wonderfulC.angryD.shakehandswithE.importantIthinkI’magoodfriend.Ialwayslistentomyfriends’problemsandtrytogivethemgoodadvice.Buttherearesomethingsthatmakemevery____32____.Idon’treallyunderstandmyfriendswhodon’t____33____theirparentsandalwayscomplainaboutthem.Ioftenhear‘Mymumdoesn’tunderstandme.Mydaddoesn’tcareaboutme,MyparentsneverbuymethingsIwant.’Ithinkmyfriendsdon’tknowwhatthey’resaying.It’s____34____thatteenagersunderstandyourparentsarethepeoplewhocareaboutyoumost!Theyarealwaysthereforyou.Ifyoudon’tthinkso,askyourselfsomequestions.Howdidyougetaroofoveryourhead?Whogivesyoufoodeveryday?Whogivesyoua/an____35____home?【答案】32.C33.A34.E35.B【解析】【分析】本文是一篇说明文,作者描述了青少年与父母相处中的一些问题,并提出了一些有用的建议。【32题详解】句意:但是有一些使我非常生气的事情。本句中包含一个定语从句,先行词是things,定语从句“thatmakemeveryangry”用来修饰things,意为“使我生气的事情”。makemeangry,此结构中形容词做宾补,表示使某人生气。故填angry。【33题详解】句意:我十分不理解那些和父母相处不好,经常抱怨父母的朋友们。本句中包含一个定语从句,friends为先行词,定语从句“whodon’t...aboutthem”用来修饰friends。此处与“complainabout24\nthem”并列,可知描述的是与父母相处不好的朋友们,故填getonwellwith。【34题详解】句意:对于青少年来说,理解父母是最关心你的人是非常重要的。结合语境与常识可知,理解父母是重要的,故填important。【35题详解】句意:谁给了你一个美好的家?此处缺少一个形容词来修饰home,根据常识可知家是美好的。故填wonderful。A.probablyB.blanketsC.completelyD.freedomE.gooutThereareotherthingstoo.Lookinyourbedroom.Wheredidyougetfallthosethings?Yourbed,theclothesinthewardrobe,the____36____thatkeepyouwarmandalltheotherthings.I’msuremostofitcamefromyourparents.Idon’tlikeheatinghowyourparentsdo‘nothing’foryou.They____37____domoreforyouthanyourealize.Thinkaboutitnexttimeyoustartcomplainingaboutyourparents—thepeoplewhocareaboutyousomuch.Yes,thereareproblems,ofcourse.Yourparentsdon’tletyou____38____.Youthinktheysometimestreatyoulikeachild.Butwhydoyouthinktheydothat?Theanswerissimple:theyworryandcareaboutyou,andthat’swhytheysometimesdon’tgiveyouthe____39____youwant.So,pleasestopbeforeyousay‘Myparentsdon’tcareaboutme.’Theydo.【答案】36.B37.A38.E39.D【解析】【分析】本文主要是作者告诉读者们父母是真正关心孩子的人,他们有的时候限制孩子出门是因为关心他们,所以孩子在说“我的父母不关心我”之前,要想想父母为孩子都做了些什么。【36题详解】句意:你的床,衣柜里的衣服,给你保暖的毯子,还有所有其他的东西。根据“keepyouwarmandalltheotherthings”可知,此空应填让你保暖的东西,备选词blankets“毯子”符合,故选B。【37题详解】句意:他们可能比你意识到的为你做的更多。根据“They…domoreforyouthanyourealize”可知,此句成分完整,此空应填副词作状语,备选词probably“可能地”符合,故选A。【38题详解】句意:你父母不让你出去。letsbdosth“让某人做某事”,此空应填动词原形,备选词goout“出去”符合,故选E。24\n【39题详解】句意:这就是为什么他们有时不给你想要的自由。父母不让你出去不是因为不给你想要的自由,而是因为他们关心你,故选D。Ⅳ.Completethesentenceswiththegivewordintheirproperforms.40.Weshareddifferent________ontheprojectatthatmeeting.(opinion)【答案】opinions【解析】【详解】句意:在会议上我们就这个项目分享了不同的观点。动词“shared”后缺宾语,根据“Weshareddifferent”可知表达“不同的观点”是复数概念,用名词“opinion”的复数形式“opinions”。故填opinions。41.Inthe________partthereisatestinGrammarandVocabulary.(two)【答案】second【解析】【详解】句意:第二部分是语法和词汇测试。根据“Inthe...part,thereisatestinGrammarandVocabulary.”可知,此处表示第二部分,应填序数词表示顺序。故填second。42Thethree-year-oldboycan’tdoitby________.Weshouldgivehimahand.(he)【答案】himself【解析】【详解】句意:这个三岁的男孩不能独自做这件事。我们应该帮助他。根据“Weshouldgivehimahand.”可知,这个三岁的男孩不能独自做这件事,短语byoneself“靠某人自己”,he“他”,是人称代词主格,此处用he的反身代词himself,故填himself。43.ThestoryofFishingwithbirdsletsusknowaboutthe________Chineseskills.(tradition)【答案】traditional【解析】【详解】句意:《用鸟钓鱼》的故事让我们了解了中国的传统技艺。tradition“传统”,名词;根据“Chineseskills”可知,此处应填形容词修饰名词。故填traditional。44.MrWang’ssonhascreatedacomicstrip________andit’llbepublishedinFebruary.(recent)【答案】recently【解析】24\n【详解】句意:王先生的儿子最近创作了一部连环漫画,将于二月份出版。recent“最近的”,形容词;根据“MrWang’ssonhascreatedacomicstrip”可知,此处应填副词,与现在完成时连用,作状语。故填recently。45.Tooursurprise,evenkidscan________themachineontheirown.(operation)【答案】operate【解析】【详解】句意:让我们惊讶的是,甚至孩子们都能自己独立操作机器。“operation”是名词,表示“操作”。情态动词“can”后接动词原形,表达“操作机器”用动词“operate”。故填operate。46.Thestudentsfeltextremelytiredbecausethelecturewasnearlythreehoursin________.(long)【答案】length【解析】【详解】句意:由于讲座将近三个小时,学生们感到非常疲倦。long“长的”,形容词;inlength表示“长度”。故填length。47.Whenyou________thewayyourparentsdealwiththeproblem,youcanofferyours.(like)【答案】dislike【解析】【详解】句意:当你不喜欢你父母处理问题的方式时,你可以提出自己的建议。like“喜欢”,动词;根据“youcanofferyours.”可知,此处指不喜欢父母处理问题的方式,用like的反义词dislike“不喜欢”,时态为一般现在时,主语为you,动词用原形。故填dislike。Ⅴ.Completethefollowingsentencesasrequired.48.GaryhadhisbreakfastattheSchoolCafeteriathismorning.(改为否定句)Gary________________hisbreakfastattheSchoolCafeteriathismorning.【答案】①.didn’t②.have【解析】【详解】句意:加里今天早上在学校餐厅吃早饭。根据“had”可知原句是一般过去时,改成否定句,用助动词的否定形式“didn’t”和动词原形“have”。故填didn’t;have。49Lindawalksherpetdoginhernearestparktwiceaweek.(对划线部分提问)________________doesLindawalkherpetdoginhernearestpark?【答案】①.How②.often24\n【解析】【详解】句意:琳达每周两次在最近的公园里遛她的宠物狗。根据“twiceaweek”可知,划线部分表示频率,应用Howoften提问。故填How;often。50.Wearejustwonderingwherewewillgocampingnextmonth.(改为简单句)Wearejustwondering________________gocampingnextmonth.【答案】①.where②.to【解析】【分析】【详解】句意:我们正在想下个月我们到哪里去露营。where引导的宾语从句可用“where+不定式”结构替换,故填where;to。51.Therewassomethingwrongwithmyphoneonmywayhomeyesterday.(保持句意基本不变)Myphone________________onmywayhomeyesterday.【答案】①.broke②.down【解析】【分析】【详解】句意:昨天,在回家的路上,我的电话坏了。描述某样东西坏了,可使用“Thereissomethingwrongwith...”,也可以用“breakdown”表示“发生故障”。注意句子中包含的时间状语yesterday,应使用一般过去时,故填broke;down。52.EachyearpeopleaddnewrecordstotheGuinnessBookofRecords.(改为被动语态)Eachyearnewrecords________________totheGuinnessBookofRecords.【答案】①.are②.added【解析】【详解】句意:每年人们给吉尼斯世界纪录增加新的记录。句子是一般现在时。主语“newrecords”是复数概念,主语和动词“增加”之间是被动关系,用一般现在时的被动结构。表达“被增加”用“areadded”。故填are;added。53.“Haveyoufinishedreadingthecomicstrips?”Lucyaskedthestudents.(改为间接引语)Lucyaskedthestudents________they________finishedreadingthecomicstrips.【答案】①.if##whether②.had【解析】24\n【详解】句意:“你看完连环画了吗?”Lucy问学生们。直接引语是疑问句,改为宾语从句用引导词if或whether表示“是否”,从句用陈述语序。主句“asked”是一般过去时,遵循“主过从必过”原则,从句用过去完成时“had+done”的结构,故填if/whether;had。54.ausefultool,improveyourmemory,is,to,takingnotes(连词成句)____________________________________________________.【答案】Takingnotesisausefultooltoimproveyourmemory【解析】【详解】takingnotes“记笔记”,作主语,放句首首字母大写;isausefultool“是有用工具”;toimproveyourmemory“提高你的记忆力”。故填Takingnotesisausefultooltoimproveyourmemory“记笔记是提高你的记忆力的有用工具”。Part3ReadingandWriting(第三部分读写)Ⅵ.Readingcomprehension.A.Choosethebestanswer.Passage1Ateenagerwhospentthousandsofdollarsusinghisfather’screditcardreturnedhomeyesterday.BenJones,seventeen,‘borrowed’thecreditcardwhilehisfatherwasoutjogging.First,heflewtoRome,wherehecheckedintoaveryexpensivehotel.Thenextday,hespentthousandsofdollarsonbestclothes,includinga$500coat,threepairsofbestjeans.Afterhisshoppingtrip,hehiredalimousine(高级轿车)togosightseeing.Finally,JonesreturnedtoLondon,wherehisparentswerewaiting…‘IamnotsorryIspentthemoney,’Jonestoldjournalists,‘becauseIhavelotsoflovelythings.’Passage2Help!MynameisLoriandIama…bargain-aholic(isthataword???)Myproblemis…IwalkintoalotofclothesshopsveryoftenandwhenIseesomethingcheap,Ibuyitimmediately.Doyouknowtheworstthing?WhenIgethomeandtrythemonagain,Ithink,‘That’shorrible!WhydidIbuyit?’Mybedroom’sfullofclothesthatdon’tsuitme.I’msurethey’relaughingatme.SometimesItrytogivethemtomyfriendsbuttheysmilekindlyandsaythingslike,‘ThanksLori,but…no,thanks!!!’TheotherdayIboughtapairofjeans.Theyonlycost$10andtheylookedokayintheshop…butnowIseetheyarethewrongsize,thewrongcolour,theyarejust…thewrongtrousers!Ithinkyoucanseemyproblem…butcan24\nanyonehelpme???PLEEEAASSSSE!!!Passage3DanielHardingstartedasuccessfulbusinessataged16...inhisbedroom.Q:Sohowdidyougettheideatostartyourownairline?A:Iknewuniversitywasn’tforme.Atfirst,Iwantedtobeapilot.ThenIhadtheideaforanairlineandIwroteabusinessplanforaschoolproject.Q:Howdidyougetthemoneytostartthebusiness?A:Afamilyfriendlentme$10,000.Thatwasenoughtohireourfirstplane.Inthefirstweek,wesold20,000ticketsandafterafewmonths,Ipaidthemoneyback.Q:Whatdoyourschoolfriendsthink?A:MostofthemthinkI’mcrazy…Iworksixteenhoursaday!Q:ButIimagineyouhavealotmoremoneythanyourfriends?A:Yesandno.IsaveeverythingIearnandputitinthebusiness---Ionlypaymyselfpocketmoney,likemyfriends.Iseemyselfasasuccessfulbusinessmaninthefuture.55.Whatkindoftextisthefirstpassage?A.Amagazineinterview.B.Anintroduction.C.Anewspaperarticle.D.Anadvertisement.56.BenJonesfeels_________.A.sadaboutspendingsomuchmoneyB.pleasedwiththeshoppingtripC.sorrythathebehavedbadlytohisparentsD.proudto‘borrow’hisfather’screditcard57.Loridoesn’tlikehernewjeansbecause_________.A.herfriendsdon’tlikethemB.theyweretooexpensiveC.herfriendsarelaughingatherD.theydon’tlookgoodonher58.Theunderlinedword‘bargain-aholic’inpassage2probablymeansaperson_________.A.whoiscrazyatbuyingcheapitemsB.visitingexpensiveclothesshopsC.whoisalwaysbusyshoppingD.sellingdifferentcheapclothes59.DanielHardinghadtheideafortheairline_________.24\nA.whilehewasdoingaschoolprojectB.becauseafriendgavehimsomemoneyC.whilehewasatuniversityD.becausehe’sinterestedinspendingmoney60.Whichofthefollowingshowsthecorrectmatchoftheheadlinesintheboxbelowtotheabovepassages(1-2-3)?Headlines:a.BigSpenderNotSorryb.TheMeanestManintheworldc.TeenageBusinessTycoond.Help!Ican’tstopshoppingA.1.b2.c3.aB.1.d2.a3.bC.1.a2.d3.cD.1.c2.d3.b【答案】55.C56.B57.D58.A59.A60.C【解析】【分析】本文是一篇新闻报道。主要介绍了三则新闻内容。【55题详解】推理判断题。根据第一篇文章主要介绍一个挥金如土的青少年本·琼斯使用他爸爸的信用卡进行高消费的故事。所以通过排除法,A选项“杂志采访”,B选项“一篇介绍”,D选项“一则广告”都不符合文章结构。C选项“一篇报纸文章”,符合该文章结构。故选C。【56题详解】细节理解题。根据第一篇“‘IamnotsorryIspentthemoney’,Jonestoldjournalists,‘becauseIhavelotsoflovelythings.’”可知,本·琼斯对自己的购物之旅感到很满意。故选B。【57题详解】细节理解题。根据第二篇“butnowIseetheyarethewrongsize,thewrongcolour,theyarejustthewrongtrousers!”可知,洛里感觉她的新牛仔裤穿起来不好看,所以不喜欢它。故选D。【58题详解】词句猜测题。根据第二篇“Myproblemis…IwalkintoalotofclothesshopsveryoftenandwhenIseesomethingcheap,Ibuyitimmediately.”可知,洛里经常去服装店,当她看到便宜的衣服,她就会立刻买下来。故选A。59题详解】细节理解题。根据第三篇“ThenIhadtheideaforanairlineandIwroteabusinessplanforaschoolproject.”可知,丹尼尔·哈丁有了开航空公司的想法,并为学校的一个项目写了一份商业计划。故选A。24\n【60题详解】最佳标题题。第一篇文章主要介绍一个挥金如土的青少年——本·琼斯使用他爸爸的信用卡进行高消费,并且从来不会感到后悔,所以标题为a“挥金如土的人不后悔”;第二篇主要介绍了洛里特别喜欢买便宜东西,买下来就不喜欢了,所以标题为d“救命!我无法停止购物!”;第三篇主要介绍了十六岁的丹尼尔·哈丁创办了自己的航空公司,成为一位成功的商人,所以标题为c“一个十几岁的商业大亨”。故选C。B.Choosethebestanswerandcompletethepassage.Human-wildlifeconflictisabigproblemallovertheworldtoday,andit’sgettingbigger.Imaginecominghomeandfindingababoonortwoeatingbreakfastatyourtable!Thatwouldcertainlybeaconflictbetweenahuman,you,andwildlife,thebaboons!Becausebaboonsarewild,thistypeofconflictcouldbe______61______.InCapeTown,SouthAfrica,humansmeetwithbaboonsmorethanever,rightintheirownneighborhoods.Becauseinthatregionabouthalfofthenaturalbaboonscouldhardlyfindtheirfoodandplacestolivein,theyneededtofindnewwaystogetfood.Sotheystartedgoingintourbanareasand______62______thefoodtheyneedforsurvival.Baboonsarevery______63______animals.Oncetheylearnthattheycaneasilygetfoodfromhumans,theywon’ttryashardtohuntfortheirownfood.Peoplewholiveneartherehavetocontrolthis______64______bylimitingthebaboons’access(接近)tohumansfoodandgarbage.Bothhumansandwildlifeneedprotectionfromeachother.______65______inSouthAfrica,therearepeoplewhoworkasbaboonmonitors.Theirjobistokeepbaboonsawayfromhomes.Becausebaboons______66______loudnoises,monitorsusenoise-makingdevicestofrightenthemaway.Theymightalsousepaintballstofrightenthebaboons.Themonitorsdon’tformrelationshipswiththebaboons,buttheydon’tmistreatthem,either.Theysimplyworktolimitconflictsbetweenhumansandwildlife.61.A.amazingB.dangerousC.powerfulD.useless62.A.buyingB.providingC.cookingD.stealing63.A.smartB.healthyC.seriousD.amusing64.A.fightB.behaviorC.trickD.system65.A.SuddenlyB.GenerallyC.LuckilyD.Especially66.A.goinforB.worryaboutC.getusedtoD.areafraidof24\n【答案】61.B62.D63.A64.B65.C66.D【解析】【分析】本文主要介绍了当今人类和野生动物之间存在的一个大问题——人类与野生动物的冲突。【61题详解】句意:由于狒狒是野生动物,这种冲突可能是危险的。amazing惊人的;dangerous危险的;powerful强大的;useless无用的。根据“Becausebaboonsarewild”可知,狒狒对人类来说可能是危险的。故选B。【62题详解】句意:因此,他们开始进入城市地区,偷取生存所需的食物。buying买;providing提供;cooking烹饪;stealing偷。根据“theyneededtofindnewwaystogetfood”可知,此处指到人类居住的城市偷取食物。故选D。【63题详解】句意:狒狒是非常聪明的动物。smart聪明的;healthy健康的;serious严重的;amusing有趣的。根据“Oncetheylearnthattheycaneasilygetfoodfromhumans,theywon’ttryashardtohuntfortheirownfood.”可知,此处指狒狒是聪明的动物。故选A。【64题详解】句意:住在附近的人必须通过限制狒狒靠近人类食物和垃圾来控制这种行为。fight斗争;behavior行为;trick诡计;system系统。根据“Oncetheylearnthattheycaneasilygetfoodfromhumans,theywon’ttryashardtohuntfortheirownfood.”可知,此处指控制偷取食物的行为。故选B。【65题详解】句意:幸运的是,在南非,有人充当狒狒监视器。Suddenly突然;Generally通常地;Luckily幸运的是;Especially尤其。根据“inSouthAfrica,therearepeoplewhoworkasbaboonmonitors.Theirjobistokeepbaboonsawayfromhomes.”可知,此处指幸运的是有人充当狒狒监视器,不让狒狒接近他们的家园。故选C。【66题详解】句意:由于狒狒害怕大声的噪音,监视狒狒的人使用噪音制造设备将它们吓跑。goinfor参加;worryabout担忧;getusedto习惯于;areafraidof害怕。根据“monitorsusenoise-makingdevicestofrightenthemaway”可知,此处指狒狒害怕噪音。故选D。C.Fillintheblankswithproperwords.24\nHowhardistolearntoread?Thechallengeismuchgreaterforpeoplewithakindofdisease,dyslexia(阅读障碍症).Dyslexiaisareadingproblemthataffectsaboutoneoutofeverytenpeople.Dyslexiahasnothingtodowithintelligence,butDyslexicshaveah______67______timereadingwrittenwords.Whenmostchildrenbegintoread,theylearnthesoundsthatmakeupwords.Thentheyconnectthesoundstolettersandblendthesoundstomakewords.Atlasttheycanr______68______wordsthey’vesoundedout.Butchildrenwithdyslexiahavetroublerememberingthesoundsandthelettersthatgowiththem.A______69______dyslexiacan’tbecured,therearewaystohelppeoplewithdyslexialearntoread.Studentscanworkwithaspecially-trainedteachertolearnhowtoremembersounds.Theycanpracticehowtom______70______theirmouthstomakecertainsounds.Anotherwaytohelpistogivestudentsstoriestoread,usingaspecialfont(字体).Afontisasetofthelettersofthealphabet,inacertainstyle.ChristianBoerisaDutchdesignerwhocreatedaspecialdyslexic-friendlyfontcalled“dyslexic.”Christianhasdyslexia,andhewantedtodosomethingtomakereadingeasierforpeoplelikehim.Hemadeeachletterlookdifferent,soreadersarel______71______likelytogetconfused.Christianhaswonawardsforcreatingthisfont.Scientistsarestudyingspecialdyslexicfontstodecidew______72______theyreallyhelppeoplewithdyslexiatoreadfasterandmoreaccurately.Sofar,theresultsaremixed.However,scientistsaresurethatcarefulfontdesignisanimportants______73______towardhelpingdyslexicsmeettheirchallenges.【答案】67.(h)ard68.(r)ecognize##(r)ecognise69.(A)lthough70.(m)ove71.(l)ess72.(w)hether73.(s)tep【解析】【分析】本文主要关于阅读障碍症,介绍阅读障碍症患者如何阅读书面文字以及能帮助他们阅读的特殊字体。【67题详解】句意:阅读困难症与智力无关,但阅读障碍症患者很难阅读书面文字。根据“Whenmostchildrenbeginto24\nread,theylearnthesoundsthatmakeupwords.”可知,阅读障碍症患者很难阅读书面文字,hard“困难的”,符合语境。故填(h)ard。【68题详解】句意:最后,他们能识别出他们听到的单词。根据“Whenmostchildrenbegintoread,theylearnthesoundsthatmakeupwords.Thentheyconnectthesoundstolettersandblendthesoundstomakewords.”可知,阅读障碍症患者通过听声音来识别单词,recognize/recognise“识别”,动词,空前有情态动词can,此处填动词原形。故填(r)ecognize/(r)ecognise。【69题详解】句意:虽然阅读障碍症无法治愈,但有一些方法可以帮助阅读障碍症患者学习阅读。根据“dyslexiacan’tbecured,therearewaystohelppeoplewithdyslexialearntoread”可知,此处为让步关系,应用although“尽管”引导让步状语从句。故填(A)lthough。【70题详解】句意:他们可以练习如何移动嘴巴发出特定的声音。根据“Theycanpracticehowto...theirmouthstomakecertainsounds.”以及首字母提示可知,此处指移动嘴巴发出特定的声音,move“移动”,动词;howtodosth.“如何做某事”,所以此处填动词原形。故填(m)ove。【71题详解】句意:他让每个字母看起来都不一样,所以读者不太可能感到困惑。根据“Hemadeeachletterlookdifferent,soreadersare...likelytogetconfused.”可知,此处指读者不太可能感到困惑,less“更少”,符合语境。故填(l)ess。【72题详解】句意:科学家们正在研究特殊的阅读障碍字体,以确定它们是否真的能帮助阅读障碍症患者更快更准确地阅读。根据“Scientistsarestudyingspecialdyslexicfontstodecide...theyreallyhelppeoplewithdyslexiatoreadfasterandmoreaccurately.”可知,此处指确定它们是否真的能帮助阅读障碍症患者更快更准确地阅读,whether“是否”。故填(w)hether。【73题详解】句意:然而,科学家们确信,细致的字体设计是帮助阅读障碍症患者应对挑战的重要一步。根据“scientistsaresurethatcarefulfontdesignisanimportant...towardhelpingdyslexicsmeettheirchallenges”以及首字母提示可知,此处指细致的字体设计是帮助阅读障碍症患者的重要一步,step“步骤”,名词,空前有an,此处填名词单数。故填(s)tep。D.Answerthequestions.24\nSometimesitmayseemthatwhatyouarelearningatschoolwillbeuselessinthefuture.Itmayseemthatyouarewastingyourlifeawayoronlylearningtogetintotherightuniversity.Butyouwillbesurprisedtofindhowmuchofwhatyoulearntatschoolishelpfultoyouoneday.Threepeoplewereaskedwhattheyfoundmostusefulatschool,andtheirthoughtsaresharedbelow.Ihatedtypingatschoolabout20yearsago.Onlysecretariestypedinthosedays;noonehadcomputersathomeoratwork.What’smore,Iwasnogoodatall.IwasasbadattypingasIwasattennisImadesomanymistakes.ButtodayI’mthefastesttypistatthekeyboard.Igetthejobdonefasterandmoreeasilythanmycolleaguesintheoffice.Thatoneyearoftypingclasshasmademywholelifeeasier.WehadaclasscalledGuidancetolearnaboutmakinggooddecisioninlife.Ifounditprettyboringanddidn’tpaymuchattention.Onedaytheteachermadeusguesswhichapplianceweshouldbuyfirstoncewehadourownhomes.Theanswerwasafridge.Withoutafridge,youcannotkeepyourfoodfreshandwillwasteagreatdealofmoneywithfoodgoingoff.IlearntthatitwastrueonceIhadmyownplace.ThefirstdayIboughtsomechickenmeat.BydinnertimeitsmelledandIcouldn’teveneatit!MyhousemateandIstartedsavingtobuyafridgeimmediatelyeventhoughwewereuniversitystudentswithoutmuchmoney.24\nWhenIusedtoaskmyteacherhowtospellsomething,sheoftensaid,Idon’tknow.Thenshewouldtakeoutthedictionaryandtookitup.Shealwaysdaredtoadmitthatshedidnotknowtheanswer.Ilearnttwothings.Youdon’thavetoknoweverything:andifyoudon’tknowhowtospellsomething,justgetthedictionaryout.Bothareveryusefullessons!74.Sometimesatschool,itseemsthatyouareonlylearningforonepurpose.Whatisit?______________________________________75.Asaschoolstudent,Christinewasn’tasgoodattypingorplayingtennis,wasshe?______________________________________76.HowdidKittyfeelwhenshehadtheclasscalledGuidance?______________________________________77.WhendidKittybegintorealizeafridgewasveryimportant?______________________________________78.WhatdidJohnusetodowhenhecouldn’tspellaword?______________________________________79.WhydidJohn’steacheroftensayshedidn’tknow?(Givetwodifferentreasons.)______________________________________【答案】74.Togetintotherightuniversity.75.No,Shewasn’t.76.Shefeltbored.77.Whenshehadherownplace./Aftersheboughtsomechickenmeatinherownplace.78.Heusedtoaskhisteacherhowtospellit.79.Becauseshedaredtoadmitshedidn’tknowtheanswerandshecouldgethelpfromthedictionary.【解析】24\n【分析】这篇短文主要讲述了在学校里学到的东西,有时候看起来是没有用的,但是有一天你会惊奇地发现这些东西对你很有帮助,那些过往成就了未来的你。文中三个人分享了他们的观点。【74题详解】根据文中“Sometimesitmayseemthatwhatyouarelearningatschoolwillbeuselessinthefuture.Itmayseemthatyouarewastingyourlifeawayoronlylearningtogetintotherightuniversity.”可知,在学校学习就是一个目的,为了进入合适的大学。故填Togetintotherightuniversity.【75题详解】根据“Ihatedtypingatschoolabout20yearsago.”可知,Christine不擅长打字,此处应该作否定回答,No,Shewasn’t.“是的,她不擅长”,故填No,Shewasn’t.【76题详解】根据文中“WehadaclasscalledGuidancetolearnaboutmakinggooddecisioninlife.Ifounditprettyboringanddidn’tpaymuchattention.”可知,Kitty感到很无聊。故填Shefeltbored.【77题详解】根据文中“IlearntthatitwastrueonceIhadmyownplace.ThefirstdayIboughtsomechickenmeat.BydinnertimeitsmelledandIcouldn’teveneatit!MyhousemateandIstartedsavingtobuyafridgeimmediatelyeventhoughwewereuniversitystudentswithoutmuchmoney.”可知,当我有了自己的住处或她在自己家买了些鸡肉之后。故填Whenshehadherownplace./Afterheboughtsomechickenmeatinherownplace.【78题详解】根据文中“WhenIusedtoaskmyteacherhowtospellsomething,sheoftensaid,Idon’tknow.Thenshewouldtakeoutthedictionaryandtookitup.”可知,他过去常问他的老师如何拼写它。故填Heusedtoaskhisteacherhowtospellit.【79题详解】根据文中“Thenshewouldtakeoutthedictionaryandtookitup.Shealwaysdaredtoadmitthatshedidnotknowtheanswer.”可知,因为她敢于承认自己不知道答案,她可以从字典里得到帮助。故填Becauseshedaredtoadmitshedidn’tknowtheanswerandshecouldgethelpfromthedictionary.Ⅶ.Writing80.Writeatleast60wordsaboutthetopic“I’velearnedsomethinghelpfulformyfuturelife”(请以“我学到了对未来生活有用的东西”为题,写一篇不少于60个词的短文,标点符号不占格。)24\n学校生活的目的不仅仅是为了升学,更重要的是学习对未来生活中有用的一种能力本领、一种精神品质、或者是获取一个经验教训。请你以一个具体的事例谈谈你学校生活中这方面的一点收获。____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________【答案】例文:I’velearnedsomethinghelpfulformyfuturelifeRecently,I’velearnedsomethinghelpfulformyfuturelife.I’vehadachangeinmylife.Itmakesmerealizedthathowimportantitisformetobeconfident.IwaspooratmathandmymathscorewassodisappointingthatIbecamemadatmyself.ButmyteacherMr.LitoldmethatIcouldhavedonemuchbetterifIbelievedinmyself.EverytimeImetwithsomemathproblems,Itoldmyself“Youshouldbeconfidentandyoucandoit.”Andoutofmyexpectation,Igotan“A”inmymathexamamonthlater.NotuntilthendidIrealizeIhadagiftformath.ThereisnothingthatIcan’tdoifIamconfidentenough.【解析】【详解】1.题干解读:该题目属于记叙文写作。在写作时应根据题目要求讲述自己在学校生活中的收获及自己的感悟。2.写作指导:本文时态以一般过去时为主,人称以第一人称为主,讲述自己在学校生活中的收获及自己的感悟,要叙述完整,条理清晰。24
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