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外研版七年级英语知识点归纳

外研版七年级英语知识点归纳
七年级英语知识点归纳
Class: ____________Name_____________No_____________

  Module1
1. be from 与  come from  来自
He is from America   ---- Is he from America ?
 He comes from Europe  ---  Does he come from Europe ?
  2 . She comes from Australia . She is Australian.  She is an Australian student
她来自澳大利亚,她是澳大利亚人,她是一位澳大利亚学生
          不能说:She is an Australian
3. I’m twelve years old , I’m in Class Six Grade One   我12 岁,我在一年级六班
  4. Family name and given name 姓和名字
     Jack Smith and Lang Daming
  5. be (am is are ) 人称的搭配
6. with 表伴随 “和” “与”:
Lucy with her parents lives in Shanghai= Lucy lives in Shanghai with her parents
  7. practice doing 练习干事
                           Module2
1. can (may must should ) 情态动词 +V. 原形
2. play + 球类         play the +乐器
3. welcome to       welcome students to the new school
4. ride a bike to school = go to school by bike 骑自行车上学
5. in  与  at
     in : in Beijing , in a university 大地方
     at :  at the factory小地方     (搭配  at school, at work ,at home )
in :   in 1992 ( spring, January,  a month ,a week ) 大时间
      in the morning   泛指一天的部分时间
on:  on January 1st ,  on Sunday morning   具体到某天或特指一天的部分时间
     at:  at 8:00 时刻
 6. This is + 单数人称    These are + 复数人称
 7.元音发音开头 :an apple , an English boy
    非元音发音开头: a university , a European wolf
 8. What is your father ?   What’s your father’s job ?  What does your do ?
Module3
1.  There be 句型
There be + 名词+地点 “某地有某人/某物”(谓语动词就近原则)
There is a book and many pens on the desk.
There are many books and a pen on the desk.
Are there any computers in the classroom? (疑问句)
Yes , there are.  /  No, there aren’t. (回答)
2. Miss Li’s desk  Children’s Day 儿童节 Women’s Day 妇女节Teachers’ Day 教师节
Tom and Jim’s room (共用的房间) Tom’s and Jim’s rooms (各自的房间)
3. forty四十 / ninety 九十/   the twenty-first century二十一世纪
4. any 与 some  一些  (any 疑问和否定句中)  (some 肯定句中)
6. 方位词: in front of 在….前面 /  in the front of 在…前部 / behind 在….后面/
 next to 挨着/ near 在…附近 / on 在.. 上面/  in 在…里面/ under 在..下面 /
 over 在…正上方: There is a bridge over the river.
7. There is one behind the library. (one 指代前面提到过的)
Are there any shops here?    Yes, there is one next to the school.
 Module4
1 how many + n. 复数   how much+ 不可数名词  how often 多常做某事(问频率)
How many teeth do you have?   How much information do you get?
How often do you go there ?   ---- Once a week.
2.family:   集体名词  His family is big.
           个体名词   His family are having lunch.(家庭成员)
2. have got = have   has got = has  
 haven’t got = don’t have    hasn’t got = doesn’t have
 I have got an uncle. = I have an uncle.
 She hasn’t got any sisters. = She doesn’t have any sisters.
3. and 并列   or 选择,否定   but 转折
4.thank sb for sth 因..而谢谢某人
thank you for your help/ email.    thank you for helping me.
5. Tom with Betty Sees the film._   Tom Sees the film with Betty
Tom and Betty see the film.
5. an English friend  an American boy
 a useful book  a university      a European student
6. China ---- Chinese     England--- English    America---- American   Australia--- Australian     India ---- Indian        Europe—European
 She is from China, She is Chinese, and she is a Chinese girl.
7. ---Do you like English or Chinese? (选择疑问句)    --- I like English.
8. 代词
主 格+ 动 I you he she it we
 they
动 +宾 格 me you him her it us them
形容词性物主代词+ 名 my your his her its our
 their
名词性物主代词(不能再接名词) mine yours his hers its ours theirs
Module5
1.drink  n.饮料 一份饮料 e.g. Would you like some drink? 你想喝点什么?
                         I’d like to have a cold / hot  drink. 我想喝杯冷/热饮
        v.喝、饮e.g. I want something to drink.
2.orange cn 橙子,橘子 There are some oranges in the basket.
       un  橙汁Would you like something to drink ? – A glass of orange, please.
            橙色 What color do you like ?  Orange.
3. fruit  cn  水果种类 We can see many kinds of fruits in the market.
       un   水果(数量) Is there any fruit in the fridge? Yes, there is some.
4. food  un  What is your favourite food? My favourite food is apples and pears.
5. potato , tomato  cn  pl. +es: potatoes,  tomatoes,  heroes 注意:radios, photos
6. have got 某人拥有
肯:Sb  have got  something.
I / You/ They/ Tony and Betty  have got some apple juice.
    He/ She/ It/ Tony            has got some apple juice.
否:Sb  haven’t got anything.
I / You/ They/ Tony and Betty  haven’t got any apple juice.
    He/ She/ It/ Tony            hasn’t got any apple juice.
疑:Have sb got anything?
Have you got any apply juice? Yes, I have some.
Has he got any apple juice?   No, I don’t have any.
7. some / any  some 肯定句  any否定句 疑问句www.xkb1.com
①some (一些)用于肯定句和以can, could, may, would, will 开头的,表示请求或提建议的一般疑问句。
如:There are some pens in my pencil-case.    Can I have some fruit?
②any(一些)用于否定句和疑问句。
如:I haven’t got any brothers.    Have you got any apples or oranges?
③some和any既可接可数名词也可接不可数名词
8.可数名词与不可数名词 (P81 Green book)
可数:a tomato, an apple, two potatoes, some noodles, many bananas…
不可数:a glass of milk, two pieces of bread, some water
Module6
1.邀请某人:(1).Would you like to do sth?  (p93)
  e.g. Would you like to go shopping with me?
  Yes, I’d love to. / I’d love to but I must do my homework
(注意:Would you like some water? Yes, please. No, thanks)
(2) Let’s do sth. ---That is a good idea./ OK/ All right.
(3) What about doing sth
2. 介词 in, on, at 的用法:
in +时间段( 年、季节、月份和早午晚)
e.g. in 1999, in July/May…, in the morning/afternoon/ evening, in spring/ summer/ autumn/ winter
on+具体某一天,或早上、下午、晚上前有定语(如表示天气的词)
e.g  on Monday…, on December 24, on a cold morning…
Module 7
1.时间表达法:1)询问时间What time is it? /What’s the time?
① 整点:用数字表示,或加上o’clock  如: at ten ,  at ten o’clock
② 半点:用half + past表示 eg: half past ten, half past five, half past twelve
③ <30> ④ >30’: 用介词to, 分钟(60-所给分钟数)+ to+(所给钟点+1) 2:50 ten to three
⑤ 分钟是“15” 或“45” ,通常用a quarter(一刻钟)eg: 4:15 a quarter past four
9:45  a quarter to ten
2) 询问星期几: What day is it today? It’s Tuesday. (it 指代时间,天气或距离)
3) 询问日期:   What’s the date today? It’s June 1st .
2. 介词 in, on, at 的用法:
in +时间段( 年、季节、月份和早午晚)
e.g. in 1999, in July/May…, in the morning/afternoon/ evening, in spring/ summer/ autumn/ winterwww.xkb1.com
on+具体某一天,或早上、下午、晚上前有定语(如表示天气的词)
e.g on Monday…, on December 24, on a cold morning…
at+钟点时间 at 9 o’clock
3. We have Chinese at eight o’clok. 表示上什么课不用the .eg: have chemistry/ have English /have maths /have history/ have music/ have art/ have P.E./ have science
4. What about /How about + doing sth …怎么样? (表示征求意见)
5. 有用的短语get up / go home /have breakfast / have lunch / have dinner/next to/have a break / talk to(with) / do one’s homework/ go to bed
Module8
1.  一般现在时: 频率副词的用法,放在行为动词前,主语或be动词后
always总是>usually通常>often经常>sometimes有时>seldom很少>never从不(程度依次减弱)seldom/never表否定
eg: He never/seldom sings or dances.
3. send sb sth = send sth to sb   
 give sb sth = give sth to sb   make sth for sb =make sb sth  
 choose sth for sb= choose sb sth   buy sth for sb=buy sb sth
eg: We send him a card.= We send a card to him.
   I make a cake for her. = I make her a cake.
3. a concert ticket / two concert tickets
4. a pair of jeans/  two pairs of jeans 一/两条牛仔裤 
 类似的单词还有:shoes, glasses , gloves , shorts, scissors, chopsticks, trainers
    数词+ pair(s) of +名词
5.许多:lots of = a lot of (多用于肯定),many+复n , much+不可n (多用于否定)
eg: There isn’t much milk in the bottle.  /   There is a lot of money in his pocket.
询问:How much milk is there in the bottle? (直接问有多少牛奶)
      How many bottles of milk are there?  (问有多少瓶牛奶,瓶是可数)
6.She buys CDs by her favourite singers.   by:表示“由……,被……”
eg: I like the songs by Liu Dehua. 我喜欢刘德华的歌。

七年级英语知识点归纳(2)
Class: ____________Name_____________No_____________
Module 9—10
1. 动物名词的复数形式:
goose --- geese   wolf --- wolves  fox – foxes  sheep ---- sheep   monkey ---- monkeys
2. 动物名词:
Camel 骆驼  elephant 大象  giraffe 长颈鹿  kangaroo 袋鼠  lion 狮子  monkey 猴子   panda 熊猫  polar bear 北极熊  snake  蛇   tiger  老虎  wolf 狼  zebra 斑马
fox 狐狸  goose 鹅  sheep 羊
3. welcome ….. to  欢迎到某地          eg : Welcome to our school .
4. 数字的表达:
1. 表示具体数量,thousand / hundred / million 不加s .
two hundred students 两百学生   three thousand teachers 三千老师   five million people 五百万人
2. 表示不确定的数量时,通常在数词后加-s, 后面再带介词of.
Hundreds of students 几百个学生Thousands of animals 几千头动物Millions of people 几百万人
5. Every student has a computer . 每个学生都有电脑。
6. many more “还有许多其它的”
In the zoo, there are lions, bears, pandas and many more.
7. come from = be from “来自”
eg: He comes from England . = He is from England.
   He doesn’t come from America. = He isn’t from America.
8. Does the tiger come from Europe ?当主语为第三人称单数时,其一般疑问句Does + 主语+ 动词原型
eg : Does your sister drive to work?  Yes, she does. / No, she doesn’t .
9. 表达邀请的句子:新课标第一网
Would you like to see a film?/Let’s see a film./How about seeing a film?/What about seeing a film?
Why not see a film?回答的句子:Yes, I’d love to. / That’s a good idea. / Yes, please. / I’d love to but ….. / No, thanks. / Sorry, I am busy.
10. Look, there she is . = Look, she is there. 倒装句  eg:  Here I am . = I am here. 我在这。
The bus is here. = Here is the bus. 汽车来了。
11. kangaroo ---- Australia  polar bear --- Arctic  panda --- China  wolf – Europe  tiger --- Asia
12. Australia ---- Australian   Africa ---- African  England --- English  America ---- American China --- Chinese  Japan --- Japanese   Asia ---- Asian  Europe ---- European Oceania ---Oceanian 
13. leaf ---- leaves  wife --- wives  life ---- lives  wolf --- wolves  knife ---- knives
14. in the desert / forest / jungle / grassland
15. all around the world / in the world / all over the world 遍布全世界
16. in the wild 野生  15 kilos of bamboo a day 一天15公斤竹子  12 hours a day
17. They usually need ……  They don’t need …..
18. stay healthy = keep fit = keep healthy 保健
19. give sth to sb = give sb sth     20. 在世界上 in the world
Module 10
20. 特殊疑问词: when 何时/ what/ how 怎样/ what time 几点/ how often多常 / where 在哪里
eg: How does she go to school ?        She goes to school by bike.
21. switch off 关掉  switch on 打开    eg: He switches on the computer and begins to work.
22. first / next / then / finally
23. go online /make travel plan /  download information / visit a website / send an email / on the Internet / download music / check the timetable / save the document / play computer games / do one’s homework  www.xkb1.com
24. 频率副词的位置:be 动词后,行为动词前,助动词后。
eg : She is always happy.  My father often writes novels on the computer.
He never goes to the cinema or plays computer games.   She doesn’t often go shopping.
25. a lot of /lots of /much information 大量信息

一、综合选择题
(    )1. The Greens _____ a garden in the house
        A. there is    B. has got  C. have got
(    )2 Daming asks his mother _______ to the cinema
        A. not to go  B. don’t to go   C. not go
(    )3 __Let’s go to the cinema next Saturday
      -----__________
       A. That’s a good idea  B. That’s right    C. Yes, I’d love to
(    )4. ----Can you see_      __man over there?
        ----Yes, I can see__    _old man.
         A. a, a                B. a, an            C. an ,a
(    )5. How old are you, Tom?----____.
        A. I’m nine years   B. I’m ten years old   C. I’m eleventh
(    )6. ---____,Paul?----- Fifteen. What about you?
        A. How do you do    B. Here are you     C. How old are you
(    )7. Which class are you in?----I’m in__      ___.
        A. One Class        B. Class One       C. class one
(    )8 ---Can your brother           basketball?
        ----Yes he can .He’s basketball player.
         A. plays     B. play       C.  to play
(    )9. ----__       _?----He’s a hotel manager.
         A. What’s his name     B. What’s his job    C. Where does he work
(    )10. This is _______ European wolf and that’s _______African Camel .   
  A.  an ; a       B. a  ; an   C.  an; an
(    ) 11. _____ do you use a computer ?   ----- Once a week.
           A. How     B. How often   C. Where
(    ) 12. We often get ________ on the Internet.
             A. information       B. informations     C. money
(     ) 13. He _____ the computer in the evening.
            A. uses usually     B. usually uses    C. uses often
(     ) 14. Please_______ the computer, I must do my homework on it.
            A. switch on     B. switch off    C. open
(     )15. There _______ children in the room.
        A. isn’t any    B. aren’t some     C. aren’t any
(     )16. _______ do you use your computer?   ----- Every day.
          A. How   B. How many    C. How often
(     )17Thank you ______ sending me photos.  A. to    B. for     C. with
(     )18. ----- ____________.   --- It is behind the gym.
A .Where is the library? B What is in the library?  C Who is in the library?
(     )19  There are ninety students ---- _______ boys and sixty girls.
         A. thirteen    B. thirty    C. sixteen
(    )20.There ___juice in my bottle. Can you give me _____?
       A  is ,any   B  are, some   C  isn’t any, some
(    )21.----Would you like some orange juice?  -----______. I’m very thirty(口渴).
A. Yes, please   B. No, thanks   C. Yes, I would  D. That’s OK
(    )22. The boy bought a pen ____the morning of November 16th.  A on  B at  C in
(    )23Can you give me one ____ book.  A. any   B. some  C. more
(    ) 24 He sees a beautiful bird ____ a rainy morning .  A. in   B. on  C. at 
(    )25.Let Lily ____ to the cinema with us.  A. goes     B. to go       C. go
(    )26.What’s the time ?It’s____.  A  Sunday  B eight o’clock  C November 11th
(    )27 I never have ___________sweet in the evening.
        A something  B anything  C nothing
(    )28. “It’s two thirty now.” means “It’s__________ now.”
       A  half past two   B  half to two   C  thirty to two
(    )29.We _____ P.E. on Monday. We have it on Wednesday.
 A don’t have     B doesn’t have   C  aren’t have
(    )31.. Tom ______ science very much. It’s his favorite lesson
 A like       B likes       C doesn’t like
(    )32.-We have computer _______ half past ten ______Tuesday.
A. at; in      B. at; on   C. on; at
(    )33. Class is over. Let’s go out and________.
  A go to bed  B have a break  C have a swim
(    )34. New school term usually _____ in September in China.
A starts      B finishes  C  ends    
(    )35-Your clothes_______ dirty. Please take ______off
    A. is, them      B. are, them  C. is, it
(    )36.His trousers_______ short, but this pair of trousers_____ too long for him.
A. are, is       B. is ,are   C. are ,are
(    )36 He usually has milk and bread ____ breakfast.
         A. with      B. from   C. for 
(    )37. It’s Lily’s birthday. Let’s buy ______ a nice present.  A him  B her  C you
(    )38. Her father bought a bike ______ her ____ birthday present.
 A to, for  B for, as   C to, as
(    )39 .The pair of jeans ______ very nice. A. look   B. looks C. looking
(    ) 40. –Would you please help me _____ the light? It’s too dark.
A. open  B. switch on  C. switch off
二、单词拼写xkb1.com
1. Are there any ___       ___(字典) in your desk.
2..There are___   _________________ (二十一) boys in my class.
3. You can call __________ (他)Daming.
4. Can you send ___________ (邮件) to me?
5.Cabbages are _________________(健康的)food.
6. There are many ______________(橘子)in our classroom.
7.. I don’t like _____________(喝)Coke, because it is _____________(饮料).
8. My mother often buys some _____________(蔬菜)for our dinner.
9.Uncle Wong __________ (邀请) us to have dinner. Thanks for your __________. (邀请)
10.It’s hot! Let’s go _______________(游泳)
11.They usually play basketball on the _________________ (操场).
12. There is a good show in the __________________(剧院).
13. There is a _______________ (魔术 ) show on Sunday evening.
14. Mother __________________ (要求) me to clean my bedroom.
15. Do they _____________ ( 有)any brothers?
三、完成句子
1..你哥哥是干什么的?他是酒店经理。
What ____________________________?He’s ___________________     ___
2. 冰箱里有很多食物。______________________________food in the fridge.
3. 他奶奶没有兄弟姐妹。 _________________________ brothers ________ sisters.
4.你想要喝点东西?Would you like______________________________________
5.我四点半离开学校。六点吃晚饭。八点做作业。十点睡觉。
I _______________ at half past four and _______________ at six.
And I _________________ at eight and _________________ at ten.
6. 我没有在那家工厂干活了。I _______________ at the facory.
7. 张先生经常早上听新闻。
Mr Zhang ____________________ the news in the morning.
8.他经常发邮件给他的朋友。He __________________________ his friends.
9.网上有各种各样的网站。
 There are _________________________________ websites on the Internet.
10. 首先连接主机和显示器。
First, ___________  the computer _______ the monitor.
11.谢谢你帮助我学英语。 ____________________________ helping me to learn English

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