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七年级英语下册句型总结

ID:77885

时间:2020-11-09

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七年级英语下册句型总结
1. a pen pal 一位笔友                 
2. be from=come from来自于
3. in the United States /the United  Kingdom在美国/在英国   
4. live in+地点 住在某地
5. what language 哪一门语言           
6. Japanese for Kids 儿童日语
7. our world in English 我们的英语世界  
8. her favorite subject 她最喜欢的科目
  9. want a pen pal in China 想有一位来自中国的笔友
  10. a very interesting country 一个很有趣的国家
  11. a little French 一点法语[a little + 不可数名词]
  12. like going to+地点=like to go to+地点 喜欢去某地
13. go to movies with+人 和…一起去看电影          
14. write to sb. 给…写信
15. tell me about yourself 告诉我关于你自己的事情    
16. post office邮局
17. near here =around here在附近      
18. on busy Central Street 在繁忙的中央大街上
  19. across from对面
  20. next to 紧挨着,隔壁
  21. on Eighth Avenue 在第八大街 上
  22. in the neighborhood 在附近
  23. just go straight 仅径直走
  24. turn left/right 向左转/右转
  25. down Bridge Street 沿着Bridge大街走
  26. on the right /left of 在…右边/左边
  27. off the busy street 离开这个繁华的街路
  28. enjoy the city’s quiet streets 置身于城市中寂静的街路
  29. take a walk through the park 步行穿越公园
  30. a small house with 一个附带着…的小房子
  31. [at] the beginning of the garden tour 游园开始
  32. a good place to 一个…的好去处
  33. have fun 玩得高兴
  34. if you’re hungry如果你饿了
  35. buy some food 买一些食物
  36. arrive at/in/on 到达(小地点/大地点/岛屿或现场)
  37. tell you the way to告诉你去…的路
  38. take a taxi from+地点 从…打车
  39. pass a bank on your right 你的右边路过一个银行
  40. turn left at New Park 在New Park处         向左转
  41. go through 穿过
  42. have a good trip [to] 一路顺风
  43. kind of 有点儿(副词词组,修饰形容词、动词)
  44. want to +动词原形 想要做某事[She wants to have supper.]
  45. want +名词 想要某件东西[She wants an apple.]
  46. let’s see (let’s=let us) 让我们一起去看看
  47. in South Africa / Europe 在南非/在欧洲(地名前不加冠词)
  48. other animals其它的动物
  49. be friendly to 对…友好
  50. five years old 五岁(a five-year-old boy 一个五岁男孩)
    51. be quiet 安静
  52. during the day 在白天(强调整个期间)
  53. at night在晚上
  54. get up 起床
  55. relaxes 20 hours every day 每天轻松20个小时
  56. eat grass/leaves 吃草/树叶
  57. shop assistant 商店服务员
  58. bank clerk 银行职员
  59. want to be 想要成为…
  60. A+as well as+B 与…同样好(谓语动词要随A的人称、数而变化)
  61. work with/for与…一起工作/为…而工作
  62. give sb. sth./give sth. to sb. 把…给谁
  63. get sth. from sb. 从…那获取
  64. wear a white uniform 穿着白色制服
  65. help sb. (to) do 帮助…去做
  66. in the day/at night 在白天/在晚上(强调某一点)
  67. work late/hard 工作很晚/很努力
  68. be busy doing 忙于做…
  69. go out to dinners 出去就餐
  70. like taking to people 喜欢与人交谈
  71. ask questions 问问题
  72. at/in the(a) hospital 在医院里
  73. an exciting/interesting job 一份令人兴奋/有趣的工作
  74. a newspaper reporter 一位新闻记者
  75. a table for (two) (两)人一桌
  76. police station 派出所
  77. TV station 电视台
  78. police officer 警官
  79. the answer to ……的答案
  80. have a job for you as a … 这有一个给你准备好的….
  81. call Al’s Restaurant at 打电话…给Al餐馆
  82. write stories/ a story 写文章
  83. want to be in the school play 在校本剧中扮演角色
  84. a busy but exciting job 繁忙而又兴奋的工作
  85. the Evening Newspaper 晚报
  86. help wanted 急聘
  87. an international school 一所国际学校
  88. for children of 5-12 为五至十二岁孩子准备的
  89. want a PE teacher to teach 需要一位教体育的教师
  90. a movie actor 一位电影演员
  91. eat/have dinner 吃晚饭
  92. talk on the phone 在电话中交谈
  93. go to the movies 去看电影
  94. sound good 听起来不错
  95. wait for 等候
  96. talk about 谈论
  97. some of my photos 我的一些照片
  98. in the first photo在第一幅照片中
  99. at the pool 在水池
  100. be with 和….在一些
    101. need a camera 需要一台相机
  102. How is the weather?=What is the weather like? 天气怎么样?
  103. pretty good 非常好
  104. too terrible 太糟糕了
  105. How is it going? 过得怎么样?
  106. join CCTV’s Around The World show 参加央视坏球节目
  107. on vacation 度假
  108. take a photos/photos  照相
  109. lie on the beach 躺在沙滩上
  110. this group of people 这群人
  111. look cool/tired 看起来很酷/累[look相当于be 动词,接形容词]
  112. be surprised at +名词/ be surprised to + 动词 因…而感到惊讶
  113. in this heat 在这样热的天气
  114. a very interesting place 一个非常有趣的地方
  115. have a good time 度过美好的时光
  116. look for/like 寻找/看起来像
  117. ask for 请求
  118. hope to do 希望做某事
  119. in order to +动词 为了….而做
  120. improve my English 提高我的英语能力
  121. found unit 9 to be the most interesting 发现9单元最有趣
  122. short /curly hair 短/卷发
  123. a medium build/height 中等身材/中等身高
  124. a new friend in Class Five 五班的一位新朋友
  125. the captain of the basketball team 篮球队长
  126. a little bit quiet 有点内向
  127. love to do/doing 喜欢做某事(强调发自于内心的)
  128. tell jokes 讲笑话
  129. stop doing 表示停下来动名词(doing)的动作
  ? He stopped smoking. 他停止(不再)吸烟.
  130. stop to do 表”停下”其他事情,去做不定式(to)的动作
  ? He stopped to smoke. 他停下来(停下手)来吸烟.
  131. play chess 下棋
  132. remember to do 记着即将要做的事
  (You must remember to turn off the lights before leaving.)
  133. remember doing 记着已经做过的事
  (I remembered finishing my homework.)
  134. a pop singer with funny glasses 一位戴着滑稽眼镜的流行歌手
  135. have/has a new look 换个新面孔
  136. wear glasses 戴眼镜
  137. go shopping 去商店(=go to the shop/do some shopping)
  138. a tall kid with short hair 一个高个子短发男孩
  139. nobody knows me 没有人认识我[不定代词用单数]
  140. draw pictures on the blackboard 在黑板上画画
  141. speak a little Chinese 说一点汉语
  142. would like + n. [I would like some noodles.]
  143. would like + to do [I would like to have some noodles.]
  144. a medium bowl of (noodles) 一个中碗(面条)
  145. some +不可数名词[mutton, beef] 一些….
  146. some+可数名词[strawberries, oranges] 一些….
  147. what size bowl of… 多大碗…
  148. what kind of… 哪种…
  149. at the house of dumplings在饺子馆
  150. some great specials一些特价
    151. just RMB10 for 15 15个仅卖10元
  152. come and get your dumplings today 过来买今天的饺子
  153. give reason for your menu 解释一下你的菜单
  154. cook Chinese food 做中国菜
  155. do my/your/her/his homework 做我的/你的/她的/他的作业
  156. play soccer/ tennis 踢足球/打网球
  157. clean my room 打扫(我的)间
  158. go to the beaches 去海滩
  159. over the weekend 整个周末
  160. on Saturday morning/afternoon/night 在周六早上/下午/晚上
  161. study for the science/math test 因科学/数学考试而学习
  162. go to the pool去游泳池
  163. stay at home 呆在家里(=stay home, home此时为副词)
  164. have a party 举行晚会
  165. do some reading/cleaning/washing/shopping 读书/打扫/洗衣/购物
  166. practice English/ guitar 练习英语/吉他(practice加名词)
  167. practice doing sth. 练习做某事(practice加动名词)
  168. go to the mountains 上山
  169. visit my sister 拜访我的姐姐
  170. spend the weekend(s) /Christmas with和…度过周末/圣诞节
  171. spend+名词+on+名词;spend+名词+in+动名词
  172. last week/month/night 上周/上月/昨晚
  173. ask+人+to do 让某人去做某事
  174. for most kids 对于大多数孩子来说
  175. a little difficult 有点困难
  176. have a busy weekend 忙碌的周末
  177. cook dinner for 给…做饭
  178. read a book/books about history 阅读有关历史的书籍
  179. an interesting talk show 一次有趣的演讲
  180. write a new song 写首新歌
  181. go for a walk with =have a walk with 去散步
  182. everyone enjoys their weekends 人人都喜欢周末
  183. last month 上个月[不加定冠词the]
  184. sit down 坐下
  185. watch +名词+do 观察…去做什么(感官动词的特殊用法)
  186. play with 与…一起玩
  187. years before=many years ago 几年前
  188. It is time to do sth. 到做…的时间了
  189. It is time for +n.到为…而准备的时间了
  190. have/has no +名词=didn’t have any+名词
  191. want to do something 想要做某事
  192. play soccer on my computer 在电脑上玩足球
  193. have fun=have a good time=enjoy yourselves 玩得愉快
  194. yesterday afternoon/morning 昨天下午/上午
  195. be happy with 与…在一起很高兴
  196. need to study 需要学习
  197. thank for doing + n. 对…(做) 致以谢意
  198. around the world 全世界
  199. go to New York City 去纽约
  200. go to the Summer Palace 去颐和园
    201. Central Park 中央公园[美国]
  202. great weather 好天气[weather不可数,不用a修饰]
  203. bus trip 汽车旅行
  204. think about=think of 考虑
  205. Monday, July 15 th 七月十五日,星期一
  206. have fun doing 做有趣的事情
  207. too crowded 非常拥挤
  208. find sb. doing 发现某人在做某事
  209. in/on(at) the corner 在街路拐角处
  210. help sb. do/to do 帮助某人做某事
  211. make sb. do 让某人做某事[make接动词原形]
  212. feel +形容词[very happy] 感觉……[很幸福]
  213. have money for a taxi 有打车的钱
  214. walk back to 步行回到
  215. be tired of 对…很厌烦
  216. decide to do 决定做某事
  217. all morning /every morning整个早上/每天早晨
  218. have… for dinner 晚餐吃…
  219. the Great Wall 长城
  220. the Palace Museum 故宫
  221. Tian’an Men Square 天安门广场
  222. a Beiging Hutong 北京胡同
  223. make question about对…提问题
  224. ask +人+the questions 问某人问题
  225. the best place for vacation 度假胜地
  226. write a report on 写有关…的报道
  227. stay here 呆在这里
  228. go out 出去[接to加出去的地点: go out to school]
  229. talk show 脱口秀
  230. soap opera 连续剧
  231. situation comedy 情景喜剧
  232. don’t/doesn’t /didn’t mind 没关系
  233. mind doing 介意去做…
  234. can’t stand +名词 承受不了
  235. can’t stand +动名词或to do I cannot stand waiting [to wait] .
  236. how about/what about …怎么样(询问情况)
  237. in fact 实际上
  238. a thirteen-year-old boy 一位十三岁的男孩[thirteen-year-old相当于形容词]
  239. healthy living 健康生活
  240. English Today 今日英语
  241. Sports News 体育新闻
  242. tell it like it is 实话实说
  243. Culture China 文化中国
  244. Chinese Cooking 中国烹饪
  245. Animal World 动物世界
  246. agree with 同意(某人)
  247. agree on(about) 对…意见一致(事情)
  248. by Maria 由Maria执笔
  249. ask sb. about 询问某人关于…
  250. each thing 每一件事情
    251. show sb. sth./show sth. to sb. 给某人展示某物
  252. some of +n.(pl.) …中的一些
  253. her best friend 她最好的朋友
  254. the coolest thing 最酷的东西
  255. key ring 钥匙环
  256. in the school magazine 在校刊上
  257. put my letter in next month’s magazine 将我的信写入下月期刊
  258. can’t stand the idea 不能接受这个观点
  259. wear colorful clothes 穿五颜六色的衣服
  260. enjoy nice words about my looks喜欢夸我外表的言辞
  261. in class 在课堂上
  262. school rules 校规
  263. arrive late for school 上学迟到
  264. run in the hallways 在走廊乱跑
  265. listen to music outside 外面听音乐
  266. what else 其他别的
  267. in the dining hall 在餐厅里
  268. have to 不得不[情态动词,接动词原形]
  269. gym class 体育课
  270. wear a uniform/sports shoes for 穿校服
  271. after school 放学
  272. on school nights 学校住宿的夜间
  273. too many/too much 太多
  274. take…for a walk 带领…散步
  275. get up at six o’clock 六点钟起床
  276. have to be in bed 不得不就寝
  277. by ten o’clock 在十点之前
  278. No smoking/talking!禁止吸烟/交谈[no为形容词,接名词或动名词]
  279. make dinner 做饭
  280. the Children’s Palace 少年宫
  281. learn the piano 学习钢琴
  282. never have any fun 从末尽兴[never为否定,some 变any]
  283. No talking! 禁止交谈!
  284. ride my bike 骑自行车
  285. wear a helmet/red coat 戴一顶头盔/穿一件红色上衣
  286. go to Shanghai with my family 和家人一起去上海
  287. on the mountains 在山上
  288. describe the people’s looks 描述人的外貌
  289. order food 定餐
  290. give opinions about 对…提出意见
 
 
Unit 1 Where’s your pen pal from?句型
(1)、Where主 +be+主语+from?
主语+be+from+地点.
(2)、Where do/does+主语+live?
       主语+live/lives in…
(3)、What language do/does +主语+speak?
      主语+speak/speaks….
(4)、主语+like/likes+doing…
日常交际用语
1-Where is your pen pal from?
-He’s from China.
2-Where does she live?
 --She lives in Tokyo.
3-Does she speak English?
-Yes,she does/No,she dosen’t.
4-Is that your new pen pal?
 -Yes,he is /No,he isn’t.
5-What language does she speak?
 -She speaks English.
Unit 2 Where’s the post office句型
(1)、Is there a bank near here?
       Yes,there is .It’s on Centre Street.
       No,there isn’t.
(2)、Where’s the supermarket?
    It’s next to the library.
(3)、Bridge Street is a good place to have fun.
(4)、I hope you have a good trip.
(5)、If you are hungry,you can buy food in the restaurant.
(6)、Talk a walk though the park..
(7)、enjoy后接名词或动词-ing形式.
  Do you enoy(=like) your work?
    Do you enjoy(=like) living in the city?
日常交际用语
(1)、Is there a ….?句型Eg:
  -Excuse me.Is there a hotel in the neighborhood.
  -Yes, there is. No.there isn’t
(2)、Where is …?句型Eg:
-Where is the park,please?
-It’s behind the bank.(肯定回答)
-I’m sorry I don’t know. (否定回答)
(3)、Which is the way to +地点? 句型.例如:
- Which is the way to the library.
(4)、How can I get to  +地点?句型.例如:
 -How can I get to the restaurant?
(5)、Can you tell me the way to +地点?句型.例
- Can you tell me the way to the post office?
(6)、Let me tell you the way to my house.
(7)、Just go straight and turn left.
Unit 3 Why do you like koalas?句型
(1)、-why do you like pandas? Xk b1.c om
    -Because they’re very cure.
(2)、-Why dose he like koalas?
    -Because they are kind of interesting.
(3)、-Where are lions from?
    -Lions are from South Africa.
(4)、-What animals do you like?
    -I like elephants.
日常交际用语
(1)、-Let’s see the lions.
(2)-Why do you want to see the lions?
  -Becase they are very cute.
(3)-Do you like giraffes?
   Yes,I do./ No,I don’t
(4)-What other animal do you like?
  _I like dogs.too
other+ 名词的复数.表示没有特定的数量范围
the other+名词的复数表示有特定的数量范围.
(5)-Why are you looking at me?
  -Because you are very cute.
(6)-Let us play games. –Great!
  Let me see.
Unit 4 I want to be an actor.句型
(1)-What do/does+某人+do?
例:-What do you do?-I’m a student.
-What dose he do? He’s a teacher.
(2)-What do/does+某人+want to be?
例:What do you want to be?-I want to be a teacher.
-What does she want to be ?She want to be a nurse.
(3)-Where does your sister work?
  -She works in a hospital.
(4)-Does he work in the hospital.
  Yes.he does/No,he doesn’t
(5)-Does she work late?
-Yes,she does/No.she doesn’t
(6)-英语中询问职业的几种表达方式:
What do/does …do?
What is…? What is your father?
What’s one’s job?例:What’s your father’s job?
 Unit 5 I’m watching TV.句型
(1)-What+be+主语+doing? ….正在做什么?
 -主语+be+doing。。。  …正在做某事。
例: -what are you doing?
      -I’m doing my homework.
(2)-Thanks for … 为。。。而感谢
  例:Thanks for your letter.
(3)-Here are/is…
例:Here are some of my photos.
   Here is a photo of my family.
(4)-That sounds good.
(5)-This TV show is boring.
日常交际用语
(1)-Do you want to go to the movices? –Sure.
(2)-When do you want to go? –Let’s go at seven.
(3)-Where do people play basketball? –At school.
(4)-What’s he waiting for?-He’s waiting for a bus.
(5)-What’s he reading? He’s reading a newspaper.
 1)现在在进行时的形式是:
助动词be(am,is,are)+动词-ing形式(也叫现在分词),表示现在(说话的瞬间)正在进行或发生的动作。新 课标 第 一 网
2)现在进行时的肯定句形式
主语+be(am,is,are)+动词现在分词+其他
I’m watching TV.
3)现在进行时的否定句形式
主语+be(am,is,are)+not+动词现在分词+其他
They are not playing soccer.
4)现在进行时的一般疑问句形式及回答:
Is(am,are)+主语+动词现在分词+其他?
Yes,主语+is/am/are.  No,主语+isn’t/aren’t/am not.
Are you reading? Yes,I am. No,I am not.
5) 现在进行时的特殊疑问句形式:
特殊疑问词+is/am/are+主语+现在分词+其他?
例:What is your brother doing?
6) 动词+ing形式(现在分词)的构成.
1一般情况下在动词词结尾加-ing.
如: eat--eating, do—doing,clean—cleaning,
play—playing,
2以不发音的元音字母e结尾的动词,先去掉e再加-ing.
如:take--taking,write—writing,have-having
come—coming.dance--dancing
3词尾如果是以一个辅音字母结尾的重读闭音节词.应该先双写这个辅音字母,再加-ing.
如:run—runing,sit—sitting ,swim—swimming.
Shop—shopping.put—putting,sit—sitting
Unit 6 It’s raining!句型/日常交际用语
(1)-How’s the weather(+地点)? –It’s raining?
(2)-What’s the weather like?—It’s sunny./It’s cold and snowing.  
(3)-How’s it going? –Great./Not bad.
(4)Thanks you for joining CCTV’s Around The World show?
(5)-Is Aunt Wang there? –Yes,she is/No,she isn’t
Unit 7 What dose he look like?句型
1)  --What does he look like?
--He’s really short.He has short hair.
2)  --She has beautiful,long black hair.
3)  --I don’t think he’s so great .
4)  --What do you look like? I’m tall.I’m thin.
5)  --What do they look like?-
--They are medium height.
 6) --She never stops talking.
   --Stop doing(sth)表示停止正在干的事.
如:He stop listening
--stop to do (sth)表示停下来去做某事
如:He stops to listen.
7)I can go shopping and nobody knows me.
Unit 8 I’d like some noodles.句型
1)What kind of … would you like? 你想要…?
EG:--What kind of noodles would you like?
   --Beef and tomato noodles.please.
2)We have lare ,medium,and small bowls.
3)I like dumplings,I don’t lkee noodles.
日常交际用语
(1)—Can I help you?
  --I’d like some noodles.please.
(2)--what kind of noodles would you like?
  --I’d like mutton and potato noodles. Please.
( 3)—Would you like a cup fo green tea?
--Yes,please./No,thanks
would like后面还可以跟不定式.即:
A:would like to do.sth.想要做某事.
He would like to see you today.
B:would like sb.to.do.sth.想要某人做某事
What would you like me to do.
 Unit 9 How was yu weekend?句型
(1)I visited my aunt last weekend.
 (2)-- How was your weekend?
    --It was great./OK
 (3)—It was time to go home.
日常交际用语
(1)—What did you do last weekend?
   --On Saturday morning,I played tennis.
(2)—How was your weekend?
  --It was great.I went to the beach.
一般过去时态
一般过去时态表示过去发生的动作或存在的状态,动词通常用一般过去式来表示,除动词be的过去式was/were有人称变化,其他都没人称的变化.
过去式的构成
(1)  一般情况下在动词词尾加-ed.如:
stay—stayed  help—helped  visit-visited
(2)  词尾是e的动词加-d.
如:like—liked  live—lived
(3)  以一个元音字母加一个辅音结尾的重读闭章节应双写该辅音字母,再加-ed.如:
stop—stopped  plan—planned
(4)  以辅音字母+y结尾的动词,要将y改为i再加-ed.如: study—studied  worry—worried
(5)  不规则动词的过去
am/is—was  are—were have-had
go—went  find—found do—did see-saw
Unit 10 Where did you go on vacation?句型
(1)—Where did you go on vacation?
   --I went to the breach.
(2)—How was the weather?
   --It was hot and humid.
(3)--It was kind of boring
(4)—That made me feel very happy.
(5)--We had great fun playing in the water.
 --have great fun doing sth表示“愉快地做某事”,“做某事很有趣”
(6)I helped him find his father.That made me feel very happy.
help sb.(to)do.sth.帮助某人做某事(to可省)
make sb.do.sth. 使某人做某事
let sb.do.sth.
Let me help you carry(搬动) it.
(7)I found a small boy crying in the corner.
find sb.doing sth.发现某人正在做某事。
find sb.do.sth.发现某人做某事(整个过程)
Unit 11 What do you think of game shows?句型
(1)—What do you think of situation comedy?
   -- I love them
(2)—I asked students about fashion.
(3)—This is what I think.
(4)--I don’t mind what young people think of me!
(5)—Can you please put my letter in next month’s magazine?
三、日常交际用语
(1)—What do you think of suop operas?
 --- I love them/I don’t mind them/I can’t stand them/I don’t like.
(2)—How about you?  ---I do.too.
(3)--What do you think of …?
   --=How do you like…?
如:What do you think of the picture?
=How do you like the picture?
Unit 12 Don’t eat in class.句型
(1)—Don’t arrive late for class.
(2)—We can’t listen to music in the hallways,but we can listen to it outside.
(3)—What else do you have to do?
  -- We have to clean the classroom.
(4)--Can we wear hats in school?
  --Yes,we can/ No,we can’t.
(5)-Do you have to wear a uniform at school? 
   -Yes,we do /No,we don’t.
重难点精析
祈使句通常用来表示命令、请求、禁止、建议、警告等语气。它的主语you(听话人)通常省略。其构成通常有以下几种形式。
1)Be型(即系动词原型be+表语+其他)。
如:Be quiet,please.
  否定句Don’t + be+表语+其他。
如:Don’t be angry.
2)Do型(即系动词原形+宾语+其他)。如:
 Open you books,please.
 否定句Don’t +实义动词原形+宾语+其他。
 如:Don’t eat in the classroom.
3)Let型(即Let+宾语+动词原形+其他)如:
Let me help you.
Let’s go at six o’clock.
否定句一般在宾语后加not。如:
Let’s not watch TV.
4)No+V-ing型(此种形式通常用于公共场合的提示语中,意为“禁止做某事“)如:
No smoking! 严禁吸烟!
No talking! 不许交谈!
No passing! 禁止通行!
No parking! 不许停车!
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