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仁爱英语七年级下册重点词组归纳

ID:34300

时间:2020-11-09

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Unit 5 Our School Life

Topic1  How do you go to school?

一、重点词语:
1. wake up  醒来,唤醒   get up   起床
2. go to school  去上学   go home 回家
3. go dancing / shopping / skating / swimming 去跳舞;购物、滑冰;游泳
go doing something 可用于表达去进行某种娱乐休闲活动。 
4. 表示交通方式:     
on foot  步行
by boat   坐船  by ship   坐船   by air  乘飞机
by plane   乘飞机  by train   坐火车   by subway  搭乘地铁
by car    坐小汽车 by bus   坐公共汽车  by bike  骑自行车
5. take the subway / bus / car    搭乘地铁;公共汽车;小汽车
6. drive a car to work = go to work by car 驾车去上班
  take a bus to work = go to work by bus   乘公共汽车去上班
  go to school on foot = walk to school  步行去上学
7. ride a bike / horse     骑自行车;骑马
8. after school / class     放学以后;下课以后
9. play the piano / guitar / violin   弹钢琴;吉他;小提琴
  play basketball / soccer / football   打篮球;踢足球;打橄榄球
  play computer games     玩电脑游戏
  play with a computer     玩电脑
  play sports       做运动
10. next to       紧挨着,在…旁边
11. a plan of my school     一幅我们学校的平面图
12. on weekdays      在工作日
   at weekends      在周末
13. have breakfast / lunch / supper / dinner / meals 吃早餐;中餐;晚餐;正餐;一日三餐
   have classes / lessons / a meeting   上课;上课;开会
14. watch TV / movies / games / the animals  看电视;电影;比赛;动物
   read novels / newspapers / books   看小说;报纸;书
15. wash one’s face  / clothes     洗脸;衣服
16. 反义词:up – down, early – late   近义词:quickly – fast
   get up early 早起  be late for 迟到
17. the first / second / third / fourth day   第一;二;三;四天
18. clean the house       打扫房子
19. 表示建筑物(尤其学校建筑物):
on the playground     在操场
   at school / home / table    在学校;家里;桌旁
in a computer room / teachers’ office / classroom building / gym / library / lab / canteen
 在电脑室;教师办公室;教学楼;体操馆;图书馆;实验室;食堂
20. around six o’clock = at about six o’clock  大约在六点
21. 频率副词:never, seldom, sometimes, often, usually, always
二、重点句型:
1. It’s time to get up. 该起床的时候了。
It’s time for breakfast. = It’s time to have breakfast = It’s time for having breakfast.该吃早饭了
2. You must go to school early.    你必须早点去上学。(主观因素造成“必须”)
 I have to wash my face quickly.  我不得不迅速地洗脸。(客观因素造成“必须”)
3. Happy New Year! The same to you!  新年快乐!也祝你新年快乐!
4. How about you? = What about you?  你怎么样?
5. It tastes good.  它尝起来很好。   It sounds good.  它听起来很好。
6. How do you usually go to school? I usually go to school by bike.
你通常怎样去上学?我通常骑自行车去上学。
 What do you usually do after school? I usually play computer games.
你通常放学做什么?我通常玩电脑游戏。
7. How does she usually go to work? She usually goes to work by car.
 她通常怎样去上班?她通常开车去上班。
What does he usually do after class? He usually reads novels.
他通常下课后做什么?他通常看小说。
8. The early bird catches the worm! 早起的鸟儿有虫吃。/ 笨鸟先飞。
9. Where’s Mr. Zhou going? He’s going to Shanghai. 周先生将要去哪里?他将要去上海。
三、语法学习:复习一般现在时和现在进行时。
一般现在时:
1. 区别含有be动词和行为动词的肯定句式。
    I am at home.√  I stay at home.√ I am stay at home. ×  She stay at home. ×
2. 一般疑问句、否定句表达的不同方式:
   Are you at home?   Do you stay at home?  Does she stay at home?
Yes, I am. No, I am not.  Yes, I do.  No, I don’t.  Yes, she does. No, she doesn’t.
I am not at home.   I don’t stay at home.  She doesn’t stay at home.
3. 主语为第三人称单数时,谓语行为动词的变化。
    She plays computer games on Sundays. 
 She studies English every morning.
 She goes to school on weekdays.
 She has breakfast at 6:45.
4. 用法:
(1) 表示现在的状况:I am a teacher. You are student. They are in London.
(2) 表示经常的或习惯性的动作:I usually go to school on foot. She plays tennis every morning.
(3) 表示主语具备的性格和能力等:He likes playing basketball. They do the cooking.
现在进行时:
1. 基本句式结构:I am playing with a computer.
2. 现在分词构成法:
   go – going   play – playing  have – having  drive – driving  
 run – running  swim – swimming  begin – beginning
3. 用法:
(1)表示现在正在进行的动作:She is having dinner. 她正在用餐。
(2)方位动词的现在进行时可用来表示将要发生的动作:I’m going. 我要走了。
四、交际用语:谈论交通工具及如何上学和日常生活。
主要句型:
How do you usually go to school? I usually go to school by bike.
 I’m riding a bike now.
 What’s she doing? She’s dancing.
 Do you often go to the library?

Topic 2 How often do you have an English class?

重点词语:
1. 学科名词:
政治 语文 数学 英语 历史 地理 生物 音乐 体育 美术
politics Chinese math English history geography biology music P.E. Art
2. 一周七天名词:
星期日 星期一 星期二 星期三 星期四 星期五 星期六
Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday
3. swimming pool 游泳池
4. listen to music 听音乐  write letters 写信    go roller-skating 滑滑轮
go shopping 去购物   have an English class 上英语课 go to the park 去公园 
meet friends 会见朋友  draw pictures 画画    play sports 做运动 
watch TV 看电视   play computer games 玩电脑游戏 play soccer 踢足球
work on math problems   解答数学题     take exercises 做运动
learn about the past 学习历史   learn how to read and write in Chinese 学着用中文读写
  play ball games with my classmates 和我的同班同学玩球类游戏
5. be good at = do well in 擅长于…  I am good at English. = I do well in English.
6. be different from 与…不同  the same as 与…相同
7. do outdoor activities 进行户外活动
8. every week 每周 each day 每天  three times a week 每周三次
9. 反义词:boring – interesting  difficult – easy  begin – finish
近义词:difficult – hard
10. care about 关心;担心
11. try to do something 尝试去做某事
12. do one’s best 尽力去做某事  do one’s homework 做家作
13. like doing something = love doing something 喜欢做某事
hate doing something 讨厌做某事
14. noon break 午休
15. at half past six = at thirty past six = at six thirty六点半   at seven o’clock = at seven 在七点
at five fifteen = at fifteen past five = at a quarter past five五点十五分 
at fifteen to ten = at a quarter to ten = at nine forty-five 九点四十五分
16. for a little while 就一会儿
17. a student of Grade One 一年级的学生
18. eat out 出去吃
19. get home 到家
二、重点句型:
1. Which place do you like best? I like the computer room best.你最喜欢哪个地方?我最喜欢电脑室。
2. Swimming is my favorite sport. = I like swimming best. 游泳是我最喜欢的运动。
3. Why do you think so? Because he likes sleeping. 你为什么这么想?因为他喜欢睡觉。
4. How often do you go to the library? Very often. 你经常去图书馆吗?经常。
5. Peter is good at soccer ball. 彼特擅长与足球。
6. My interest is different from theirs. 我的兴趣和他们的不一样。
7. How many lessons do you have every day? 你每天上多少节课?
8. What time is school over? 什么时候放学?
9. I try to do my best each day. 每天我都尽力做到最好。
10. And if I always do my best, I need not care about the test. 如果我总是尽力,我就不需要担心考试
11. After dinner, I often do my homework and then watch TV for a little while.
晚餐后,我经常做作业然后看一会儿电视。
三、语法学习:以How,Wh- 开头的疑问句。
疑问词:how often, how long, how soon, how old, how many, how much, how big, how heavy, how wide, how far, what, when, who, whose, whom, where, which, why, what color, what time, what class…
四、交际用语:谈论课程、作息时间、个人爱好及学习生活。
主要句型:
Which place do you like best? I like the computer room best.
What’s your favorite subject? Math is.
 How often do you…? Every day. Always. Often. Seldom. Never. Sometimes.
 Do you like going to…? Yes, I do. / No, I don’t.
 How many lessons do you have every day? We have seven lessons every day..
 When do morning classes begin? At 7:20.

Topic3 I like the school life here.

一、重点词语:
1. 反义词:first – last , borrow – return / give back   end –begin   easy—hard
           Interesting—boring  lost—found 
   同义词: end—be over , study—learn ,  of course –certainly/ sure , return –give back
            come from—be from (be= am/ is / are ), have class—have lesson
2. 名词单数转化复数:life – lives  shelf – shelves leaf – leaves  half – halves child--children
名词变成形容词:wonder – wonderful,  use – useful,  care – careful,  beauty - beautiful
interest – interesting, excite – exciting     3. between… and… 在…与…之间    4. school hall 学校大厅
5. Our School Times 《学校时报》 6. Everyday Science 《每日科技》  7. the school life 学校生活
8. most of them 他们大多数 9.wait for – 等待 10 get home 到家   11. and so on 等等
12. on time 按时   13. Here it is. = Here you are. 给你   14. learn…from 向…学习 
二、重点句型:
1. Welcome to our school. 欢迎到我们学校来。
2. What do you think of our school? It’s very nice.  I like the school life here .
你认为我们学校怎么样?挺好的。我喜欢这儿的学校生活。
3.。 Wait a minute. = Just a minute.  等一等。
4. Thank you anyway. = Thank you all the same. 仍然谢谢你
5. Thank you for your hard work. 谢谢你们的努力工作。
6. Thank you for asking me. 谢谢你邀请我。
7. I read them with great interest. (我读得津津有味)我带着极大的兴趣读它们。
8. May I ask you some questions? Yes, please 我可以问你几个问题吗
9. Where do you come from? I come from Australia. = Where are you from? I’m from Australia.
   你来自哪里?我来自澳大利亚。
10. How long can I keep it? Two weeks. 我能借多久?两个星期。
11. . Do you have a problem? 你有问题吗?
12. What day is it today ?  It’s Wednesday . 今天是星期几? 今天是星期三。
13.What time does the class begin / end ? 几点上课/ 下课?
14.What is your favorite subject ? 你最喜爱的学科是什么(是哪一科) ?
   What subject do you teach ? 你教什么学科?(哪一科)
15 How often do you do outdoor activities ? 你多常进行户外活动?
16.How many lessons do you have every week ? 你每周上几节课?
17.Why do don’t you like English ? 你为什么喜欢英语/ 不喜欢英语 ?
   Because it’s easy and interesting .因为它既容易又有趣。
   Because it’s difficult and boring. 因为它既难又烦人。
18.I don’t like math at all .我一点儿(完全)不喜欢数学。
三、语法学习:There is / are…某处(某时)有某物(某事)
1. 用法:表示存在。什么时间或者地点“有”什么东西   几种基本句式:
There is a book and two pens on the desk. 桌上有一本书和两支笔。
There are two pens and a book on the desk. 桌上有两支笔和一本书。
There isn’t a book on the desk. 桌上没有一本书。
There aren’t two pens on the desk. 桌上没有两支笔。
Is there a book on the desk? Yes, there is. / No, there isn’t.
桌上有一本书吗?是的,有。/ 不,没有。
Are there two pens on the desk? Yes, there are./  No, there aren’t.
桌上有两支笔吗?是的,有。/ 不,没有。
3. 与have的区别:
I have a book. I don’t have a book. Do you have a book? Yes, I do. No, I don’t.
She has a book. She doesn’t have a book. Does she have a book? Yes, she does. No, she doesn’t.
现在进行时的特征:(结构be+ving)
1. Look ! They are playing soccer on the playground.
2. Listen ! He is singing in the classroom.
3. We are having an English class now. (at the moment)
4.It’s seven o’clock in the evening .  I am doing my homework.
5. Where is Jim ? (当问答动作时用进行时)  He is having lunch in the dining-room.
6.根据上下文提示: What are you doing ? I am reading in the library.
四、交际用语:学习校园生活的一些活动,如采访、借书、找寻失物、制作海报等。
主要句型:
May I ask you some questions? Yes, please.
What do you think of our school? It’s very nice.
Can I borrow …? Sure, here you are.
How long can I keep it? Two weeks. But you must return it on time.
There is / are…
Is there a bed in the room? Yes, there is.
What are you /  they  doing ?  I (We are) / They are)  am reading stories .
What is he/ she doing ?  He/ She is having a biology class.

 

Unit 6  Our Local Area

Topic 1  Is there a computer in your study?

词汇:
1、in front of 在……的前面   2、hear from sb. 收到某人的来信  2、next to 靠近   3、give back归还
4、for a while 一会儿   5、go upstairs 上楼     6、have a look 看一看   7、put away 把……收起来
8、play with a ball 玩球   9、on the second floor 在第二层  10、look after 照顾;照看;照料;保管
二、句型:
Why not go upstairs and have a look?
 (1) go upstairs上楼        go downstairs下楼
 (2) have a look看      have a look at… 看……      have a walk散步    have a bath洗澡   have a swim游泳
have a talk谈话     have a rest休息
 (3) Why not+动词原形…?句型是提建议的一种表达法,形同“Why don’t + 人称代词 + 动词原形上+ …?”。这样的句型常用来启发或建议某人做某事。回答常用Ok, let’s…/All right./That’s a good idea.
Please give it back soon.请尽快地把它还给我。
give …back:(=return)归还:代词作宾语时应放在give 和back的中间,如果是名词作宾语,可放在中间,也可放在后面。例如:
   give the book back;/give back the book.
   give it back / give them back
类似的短语还有put away, put on, try on, take off,
3.Let’s play computer games for a while.让我们玩一会儿电脑吧。
play computer games玩电脑游戏
Let’s …=Let us后接动词原形:让我们……
4.My pet dog plays with the ball everywhere.我的宠物狗在家里到处玩球。
everywhere=here and there处处;到处
play with 其后接人时,意为“与……玩”
            其后接物时,意为“玩(单纯地玩耍)……”
play football, play basketball, play volleyball指技术性较高的运动
 5.There is a watermelon and lots of apples in the box.箱子里有一个西瓜和许多苹果。
lots of =a lot of 许多的;大量的,用来修饰名词
There are a lot of students in that school. (=many)
There was a lot of snow last year.(=much)
There’s a lot of rice in the bag.(=much)
三、语法:There be句型和Have的区别
类型 There be Have
涵义不同 侧重 "存在关系",表示"某地或某时间存在某人/某物",there只是引导词,无意义。
如:There is a boat in the river.河里有一条船。 侧重 "所属关系",示"属于……所拥有"的东西,第三人称用has。如: I have a nice watch. 我有一块好看的手表。                 She has a new computer.            她有一台新电脑。

句型不同 1.肯定式:There is/are+主语+其它。
2.否定式:There is/are+ not+主语+其它。
3.疑问式:--Is/Are there+主语+其它?
--Yes, there is/are.
--No, there isnt/arent 1.肯定式:主语+have/has+其它。
2.吉伯定式:a)主语+dont/doesnt have+其它;
b)主语+havent/hasnt+其它。
3.疑问式:a)--Do/does+主语+have+其它?
--Yes,主语+do/does./No,主语+dont/doesnt.
b)--Have/Has+主语+其它?--Yes,主语+have/has./No,主语+havent/hasnt.

主谓一致不同 1.There is +单数主语/不可数主语…如:
There is some milk in hte bottle.
There is a hat on the desk.
2.There are+复数主语…如:There are some flowers in the basket.
3.There is +单数主语+and+复数主语…如: There is a mouse and two pens on the deak.
4.There are+复数主语+and+单数主语…如:There are two pens and a mouseon the desk. 1.主语(第三人称单数)+has+…如:
She has many new clothes.
Tom has a nice feather.
2.第一、二人称单数和复数主语+have+…如:You have some good firends but they have few.

 

划线提问不同 1.对主语提问一律用"Whats+某地/某时?"结构,其中谓语动词须用is,且there要省略。如:There are some pictures on the wall.---Whats on the wall?
2.对地点提问要用"Where is/are there…?"如:There is a black car under the tree.--Where is there a black car?
3.对主语的数量提问要用"How many+主语(复数)+are there…?/How much+主语(不可数)+is there…?"
如: Therere three people in my family. --How many people are there in your family?
Theres some rice in the bag.
---How much rice is there in the bag? 1.对主语提问要用"Who/has/have+…?"如: Mary has a sweater.--Who has a sweater?
We have new brooms.--Who hsve new brooms?
2.对宾语提问要用"What have/has+主语?/What do does+主语+have…?"如: My father has a big farm .
                      What has your father?/
                    What does your father have?
3.对宾语的数量提问用"How many+复数名词+have/has+主语?/How much+不可数名词+have/has+主语?"或"How many +复数名词+do/does+主语+have?/How much+不可数名词+do/does+主语+have?"
如:I have two pictures.
--How many pictures do you have?/How many pictures have you?

注意 there be结构在改为否定或疑问句时,一般将some改为any.
如:There are some dishes on the desk.
--There arent any dishes on the desk./Are there any dishes on the desk? have 句型在改为否定句时,也应将 some 改为 any.
如: She has some fruit.
--She hasnt/doesnt have any fruit./Has she any fruit?/Does she have any fruit?
注:在表示 "附属于某物/某处的东西"时,there be结构与have句型都可以用。如:
There are four windows in the classroom =The classroom has four windows.
The house has eighteen floors.=There are eighteen floors in the house.
Topic 2  What’s your home like?
一、词汇:
look for寻找  2、a parking lot停车场    3、at the street corner在街道的拐角   4、play the piano弹钢琴   5、knock at(the door)敲(门)   6、hear sb. doing sth.听到某人正在做某事   7、at the end of 在……的尽头;在……的末尾   8、in the suburbs在郊外;在郊区   9、according to按照
二、句型:
What’s your home like?你的家什么样?
like用作动词时意为“喜欢”,用作介词时意为“像……”,常用短语:be like, look like
I’m looking for a grocery store.我正在找一家杂货店。
look for 寻找。强调寻找的动作;
find找到,发现。强调结果;
find out着重指通过分析、调查等弄清或杳明一件事情
Are you looking for your pen? Yes, I am.你在找你的钢笔吗?是的。
Can you help me find my bike?你能帮我找到自行车吗?
Please find out who broke the window.请找出是谁把窗户打破的?
3.There is one in front of our building.我们的楼前有一家(杂货店)。
   in front of 在……的前面(在范围之外的前面)
   in the front of在……的前面(在范围内的前面)
   There is a tree in front of the classroom..教室前面有一棵树。(树在教室外)
The teacher is standing in the front of the classroom.老师站在教室的前面。(老师在教室里)
4.What’s the matter?怎么了?(出什么事了?)
  类似的表达法还有:What’s up?/What’s wrong?/What’s going on?
5.People enjoy living in a house with a lawn and a garden.人们喜欢住带有草坪和花园的房子。
   enjoy doing sth.喜欢、享受做某事。Enjoy后接名词或动词的ing形式,如:
   He enjoys reading novels.他喜欢读小说。
6.I hear you playing the piano beautifully.我听见你弹钢琴很动听。
  hear sb. doing sth.听到某人正在做某事。如:.
  I hear them singing songs in the next room.我听到他们正在隔壁房间唱歌。
 7.Hello, this is Mrs. Wang speaking.喂,我是王太太。
  电话用语,不用I和you, 而用this和that。如:
  This is Mary (speaking).我是玛丽。
  Who’s that (speaking)?你是谁?
 8. The kitchen fan doesn’t work.厨房的排气扇不工作了。
   work进行顺利,起作用,(机器)正常运转
如:My clock doesn’t work.我的钟不走了。

Topic 3 Which is the way to the post office?

词汇:
1、thousands of成千上万的  2、a public phone公用电话 3、get to到达 4、the way to the station去车站的路   5、be far from远离……   6、traffic lights交通灯  7、across from在(街,路等)的对面   8、between…and…在……和……之间  9、the information desk咨询处  10、on the left在左边;on the right在右边
二、句型:
Excuse me, how can I get to the library?劳驾,去图书馆怎么走?
Turn right at the second turn.在第二个拐弯处向右拐。
turn right(left)= turn to the right (left)向右(左)拐
turn (turning)名词,拐弯处
at the first turning在第一个拐弯处
Turn right at the second turn. =Take the second turning on the right.
Thank you anyway.仍然(还是)要谢谢你。类似的还有:
Thank you all the same./Thank you anyhow.
You need to take No. 718 bus here.你需要乘718路公共汽车。
need作行为动词时,意为“需要,需求”,有人称、数和时态的变化。need to do sth. 需要做某事,如:You need to have a good rest.你需要好好休息。
        need还可作情态动词,意为“必要,需要”,后接动词原形,常用作否定形式needn’t,意为“不必”,如:You needn’t drive so fast.你不必开得这么快。
Every year thousands of people get hurt or die in road accidents.每年成千上万的人在交通事故中受伤或死亡。
hundred和thousand等表示数目的词前如果有确切的数字,这些词不用复数形式,后面直接跟名词;如果本身表示模糊的概念,这些词用复数且后跟of才能再接名词,如:two hundred books两百本书hundreds of books成百上千本书
five thousand trees五千棵树thousands of trees 成千上万棵树
If everyone obeys the rules, the roads will be much safer.如果人人都遵守交通规则的话,道路交通就会变得更加安全。
much safer安全得多  much用在比较级前,强调程度。类似的还有a little等。
The earth is much bigger the moon.地球比月亮大得多。
Are you feeling much better today?你今天觉得好点了吗?
Tom is a little taller than his mother.汤姆比他妈妈高一点儿。
if 连词,意为“如果,假如”
If you are hungry ,you can buy some food in the shop.如果你饿了,你可以在店里买点食物。
If he comes , I will tell you .如果他来了,我就告诉你。

三、语言点:
英语中常见的问路方法有:
1、Is there a … near here?  2、Where is the … ,please ?   3、Do you know the way to… ,please?
4、Which is the way to … ,please?   5、How can I get to …?   6、Can you tell me the way to…?
7、Can you find the way to …?   8、I want to go to…  .Do you know the way?
英语中常见的指路方法有:
It’s over there .        It’s next to the …      It’s across from…       It’s behind the …
It’s between … and … .      Walk/Go along this street.      It’s about …meters from here.
Take the first turning on the left.     Walk on and turn right.
四、形容词比较级的构成:                   
 绝大多数形容词有三种形式,原级,比较级和最高级, 以表示形容词说明的性质在程度上的不同。                     
  形容词的原级: 形容词的原级形式就是词典中出现的形容词的原形。 例如:                     
  poor  tall  great  glad  bad                      
   形容词的比较级和最高级: 形容词的比较级和最高级形式是在形容词的原级形式的基础上变 化的。 分为规则变化和不规则变化。                     
  规则变化如下:                      
  1) 单音节形容词的比较级和最高级形式是在词尾加 -er 和 -est 构成。                      
  great (原级) greater(比较级) greatest(最高级)                      
 2) 以 -e 结尾的单音节形容词的比较级和最高级是在词尾加 -r 和 -st 构成。                      
  wide (原级) wider (比较级) widest (最高级)                      
 3)少数以-y, -er, -ow, -ble结尾的双音节形容词的比较级和最高级是在词尾加 -er 和 -est 构成。                      
  clever(原级) cleverer(比较级) cleverest(最高级)                      
 4) 以 -y 结尾,但 -y 前是辅音字母的形容词的比较级和最高级是把 -y 去掉,加上 -ier 和-est    构 成.                      
  happy (原形) happier (比较级) happiest (最高级)                      
 5) 以一个辅音字母结尾其前面的元音字母发短元音的形容词的比较级和最高级是双写该辅音字      母然后再加 -er和-est。                      
  big (原级) bigger (比较级) biggest (最高级)                      
 6) 双音节和多音节形容词的比较级和最高级需用more 和 most 加在形容词前面来构成。                      
  beautiful (原级) difficult (原级)                     
  more beautiful (比较级) more difficult (比较级)                      
  most beautiful (最高级) most difficult (最高级)                      
  常用的不规则变化的形容词的比较级和最高级:                      
  原级      比较级       最高级                      
  good      better        best                      
  many      more        most                      
  much      more        most                      
  bad       worse       worst                      
  little        less        least                      
  ill        worse       worst                      
  far       farther(further)   farthest(furthest)

 

Unit 7  The Birthday Party

Topic1 Can you dance?

词汇:
1、Happy Birthday!生日快乐!  2、take photos拍照   3、work out作出,解决  4、how about/what about如何,怎样   5、fly kites放风筝   6、row a boat划船    7、perform ballet ]表演芭蕾舞   8、dance the disco跳迪斯科   9、make model planes做飞机模型   10、draw pictures画画   11、show sb. sth.给某人看某物   12、two years ago两年前    13、be in hospital(生病)住院
二、句型:
What are you going to perform at Kangkang’s birthday party?你打算在康康的生日晚会上表演什么?
“be going to+动词原形”的句型常用来表示打算、准备做某事或即将发生或肯定要发生某事,be是助动词,有人称和数的变化,如:
He is going to have a swim this afternoon.
What about /How about +名词、代词或动名词,意为“……怎么样?”常用来表示对……的看法,或表示建议、询问的方式,如:
How/What about sitting here to look at the moon?坐在这儿赏月怎么样?
I only can sing English songs.我只会唱英文歌曲。(情态动词can的用法)
They couldn’t sing any English songs two years ago.两年前他们不会唱英文歌曲。
一段时间+ago:表示在……时间以前,如:three months ago三个月以前
4.What will you buy for Kangkang as a birthday present?你要给康康买什么礼物?
“will+动词原形”表将来。
5.I can play the guitar.
三、定冠词the 的用法                  
1) 定冠词特指某(些)人或某(些)事物, 以区别于同类中其他的人或事物。
  The bag in the desk is mine. 桌子里的书包是我的。     
  Is this the book you are looking for?   这是你要找的书吗?   
  Do you know the man in back?  你知道穿黑色衣服的人是谁吗?  
  It is not the car we are looking for. 这不是我们要找的车。                   
  The man has found his child.  那个人找到了他的孩子。                
  2) 定冠词用来指上文中已提到过的人或事物。                   
  I bought a book from Xinhua book-shop. The book costs 15 yuan.                  
  我从新华书店买了一本书. 这本书值十五元。                 
  I saw a film yesterday.The film was ended at eight oclock.                  
  我昨天看了一场电影。电影八点钟结束的。                 
  Lucy bought a radio yesterday, but she found something was wrong with the radio.                  
  露西昨天买了一台收音机,但是她发现收音机有问题。                 
  3) 定冠词用于表示世界上独一无二的事物或用于自然界现象或方位名词之前。                
  the sun the moon the earth  the sky the world the sea              
  The sun is bigger than the moon.  太阳比月亮大。                          
  I can see a bird in the sky.  我能看到天空中有一只小鸟。                             
 I like to have a walk with the bright moon light in the evening. 我愿晚上在明亮的月光下散步。                             
  4) 定冠词与单数名词连用,表示这一类人或物。             
  The dog is not too danger.   狗不太危险。                         
  The cat is an animal.  猫是一种动物。                         
  The umbrella in the shop is very cheap in this season. 这个季节商店里的雨伞很便宜。             
  5) 定冠词与某些形容词连用,使形容词名词化, 表示某一类人。              
  the poor, the rich, the wounded, the sick, the deaf.   
  The wounded were brought to the hospital.  受伤者被送到了医院。         
  He always helps the poor.  他经常帮助穷人。                  
  The deaf can go to this special school. 耳聋者可以进这所特殊学校上学。        
  6) 用在序数词, 形容词最高级和表示方位的名词前。              
  This is the biggest city in China I have ever visited.  这是我在中国参观的最大的城市。   
  I saw a plane coming from the east.   我看见一架飞机从东方飞来。                          
  He is the last one to help me.   他不会来帮助我的。                         
  7) 定冠词用在演奏乐器的名称和文艺活动,运动场所的名称前。              
  The little girl likes to play the violin. 小女孩喜欢拉小提琴。                    
  They are going to the cinema tonight.    他们今晚要去影院看电影。                  
  The theater was on fire last week. 剧院昨天着火了。                       
  8) 定冠词用在报刊,杂志的名称的名词之前。                
  I am reading the China Daily now. 我现在正读中国日报。                       
  Have you got the Evening Paper yet? 你拿到晚报了吗?                        
  The Times is a foreign newspaper.  泰晤士报是一家外国报纸。                          
  The Peking Review is on the desk.    北京周报在桌子上放着。                      
  9) 定冠词用在江河,海洋,山脉,群岛的名称之前。                  
  We live near the Yellow River. 我们住在黄河边上。                           
  The Changjiang River is the biggest one in China. 长江是中国最大的河。                              
  The Himalayas is located in Tibet. 喜马拉雅山位于西藏。                            
  10) 定冠词用在姓名复数之前,表示一家人。                 
  The Greens is very kind to us.    格林一家人待我们很好。                      
  The Whites like the classic music.   怀特一家喜欢古典音乐。                           
  不用冠词的场合。             
  1) 专有名词,抽象名词和物质名词之前一般不用冠词。               
  China is a largest country in the world. 中国是世界上最大的国家。                         
  I think water is a kind of food, too.   我认为水也是一种食物。                           
  Cotton feels soft.    棉花摸起来柔软。                            
  2) 表示日常餐食名词之前不用冠词,但如果指具体的饮食时用定冠词 the。                  
  Its time for breakfast.   该吃早饭了。                              
  What do you have for lunch?   你午饭吃点什么?                             
  The dinner I had at that restaurant was expensive. 我在那家饭店吃的饭很贵。                               
  3) 在季节,月份,星期,节日。球类运动,棋类游戏的名词之前不用冠词。                 
  Summer is hot and winter is cold here.   这儿夏天热冬天冷。                             
  New Years Day is coming. 新年就要到啦。                              
  Today is the first day of May. 今天是五月的第一天。                                 
  We are going to play basketball this afternoon. 今天下午我们要去打篮球。                              
  We dont like bridge very much. 我们不太喜欢桥牌。          
  4)语言的名称前不用冠词。                   
  Can you speak English?    你会讲英语吗?                              
  Its difficult to learn Chinese well. 要学好中文很难。                              
  Tom knows English but he doesnt know French. 汤姆懂英语但不懂法语。                              
  5) 某些固定词组不用冠词。                  
  by air, on foot, at night, after school, at home, go to class, in fact, from morning till night.           
  Im going to Chicago by air next week.  下周我要乘飞机去芝加哥。                             
  I go to school on foot . 我步行去学校上学。                                
  In fact, I dont know him at all.    实际上,我一点也不认识他。                           
  He is at home today.   他今天在家。               

Topic2 When is your birthday?

一、词汇:
1.first of all首先
2.have a birthday party举行生日晚会(聚会)
3.have a special dinner吃一顿特殊的晚餐
4.forget to do sth.忘记去做某事
5.That’s a good idea!真是好主意!
6.make a cake做蛋糕
7.be born出生
8.the shape of ……的形状
9.I’m afraid…我恐怕,我担心……
句型:
When is your birthday, Kangkang?康康,你的生日是什么时候?
May the eighteenth.五月十八日。
①“when”可以就年、月、日和钟点进行提问,而“what time”只能就钟点进行提问。
②英语中日期有几种表示方法:
a.把月份写在日期前面,这通常是美国写法。如:March 21st,2001     读作March the twenty-first, two thousand and one(2001年3月21日)
b.先写日子,再写月份和年,这通常是英国写法。如::21st March,2001读作the twenty-first of March, two thousand and one
---I beg it’s going to be fun.我敢断定肯定有趣。---You bet.当然了。
What day is it today? It’s Friday.
询问星期用What day…? 回答用It……如:
What day is it today? It’s Wednesday.   或Today is Wednesday.
What’s the date today? It’s May 21st,2004.
询问日期用What’s the date…?如:What’s the date the day afternoon?
Tomorrow is your mom’s birthday.
名词所有格表示名词之间的所属关系。一般有两种表示方式,一种是在名词后加 s 构成,一种是用 of 所有格。
(1) 表示有生命的人或物的名词,在词尾加 s 来表示从属关系,如:
   Mary’s school bag           my sister’s cat
 (2) 以 s 结尾的名词,表示所有格只在后面加’, 如:
the boys’ game              the teachers’ chairs     
         (3) 由 and 连接两个或两个以上的单数名词,表示共有关系,这时只在最后一个名词后加 s ,如:
Tom and Mike’s sister
Jack and John’s room
Tom’s and Jack’s fathers
          (4) 无生命东西的名词,一般都与 of 构成短语,表示所属关系, 如:
a map of China                          a picture of my school
How shall we celebrate it?我们要怎样庆祝呢?
Shall we have a special dinner?我们吃一顿特别的晚餐怎么样?
“Shall I…/Shall we…”用于示表示建议或征求意见,也可用“疑问词+shall +I / we…”如:Shall we go swimming this afternoon?今天下午我们去游泳好吗?
What time shall we start?我们该什么时候出发?
Don’t forget to buy a birthday cake.别忘了买生日蛋糕。
forget的用法:
(1) 接名词或代词,如:
I forget his name.我忘了他的名字。
   Don’t forget me.别忘了我。
(2)接不定式,意为“忘记要做某事”,如:
  Please don’t forget to close the door when you leave.你离开时请别忘了关门。
(3)接动词ing形式,意为“忘记做过某事”,如:
I forget meeting you in Beijing.我忘了在北京见到过你。
Kangkang is going to be thirteen on May the eighteenth.
介词on ,in和at放在时间前的用法:
on放在某一或某些确定或不确定的时间前,如某天(某些天),某天的上午,下午或晚上,如:
on August 18th,1980  在1980年8月18日
on Sunday 在星期天              on Saturday evening在星期六的晚上
on a cold day 在一个寒冷的日子    on Children’s Day在儿童节
in表示在一段时间,多放在年、月、季节等时间前,如:
in summer在夏天   in July在七月    in the morning在早上
at用在某一时刻、年纪、夜晚、中午等时间前,如:
at 8 o’clock在八点               at night在夜晚
at noon在中午                   at the age of ten 在十岁时
When were you born?你什么时候出生?
I was born in June ,1970.我生于1970年6月。
Sorry, I’m afraid you can’t.
I’m afraid往往相当于I’m sorry, but…可用来引出带有歉意的句子,表求一种担忧,语气较缓和,如:I’m afraid I can’t come.(=I’m sorry, but I can’t come.)
 四、序数词
表示数目顺序的词用序数词。                 
   1) 序数词1━19 除第一,第二,第三,第五,第八,第九, 第十二变化不规则外, 其余均由在     基数词后加上 -th。                   
  2) 十位整数的序数词的构成方法是, 是将十位整数基数词的词尾 -y 变成 i 再加 -eth。                    
  3) 几十几的序数词,只是把个位数变成序数词, 十位数不变。 序数词的用法: 序数词主         要用作定语,表语。前面要加定冠词 the。
Topic3 We had a wonderful party.
词汇:
lots of=a lot of 许多
tell a lie撒谎
in fact事实上,实际上
fall down跌倒
be funny有趣
have a good time玩得高兴,过得愉快
blow out 吹灭
not…at all一点也不,根本不
not …till/until直到……才
hurt oneself受伤
as well也
magic tricks魔术
rock songs摇滚歌曲
cross-talk相声

句型:
He performed magic tricks.
 一般过去时的句子构成.
My mother didn’t go to work yesterday.
Did you go to the zoo last Sunday?   Yes, I did. /No, I didn’t .
         2.I have a lot of work to do as well.我还有许多工作要做。
           as well意为“除……之外,也,又”,只能放在句末作状语,与too的用法相同,可互换使用。as well as是连词,用来连接两个名词形容词等,如:
Lu Xun is a great writer, and a fearless fighter as well.鲁迅是个伟大的作家,也是个无畏的战士。
          He gave the beggar food, as well as money.(=He gave the begger food , and money as well.)他除了给那个乞丐食物外,还给他钱。
3.You know I don’t like video games at all.
not…at all根本不,一点都不,at all多放在否定句末,加强否定语气,如:
My mother can’t ride a bike at all.
Thanks very much. Not at all.
         4. Did the movie go on until midnight?电影一直演到午夜吗?
 until用作介词,跟一个表示某一时间的名词,也可用作连词,引导一个时间状语从句。   
①肯定句中,until只与持续性动词连用,意为“到……为止”。如:
We had to wait until he came back.我们只好等到他回来。
②until在否定句中,通常与瞬间性动词连用,构成“not……until”,意为“直到……才”,如:The children didn’t leave school until five o’clock.
③引导时间状语从句,用一般现在时代替一般将来时,如:                            
I won’t go until he comes back.我将等他回来再走。
三、动词的一般过去时态
I. 一般过去时的概念
  一般过去时表示过去某个时间发生的动作或存在的状态。常和表示过去的时间状语连用。如:last year, yesterday等; 也可表示过去经常反复发生的动作,常和often, always等频率副词连用。
  例如:①I saw him in the street yesterday. 昨天我在街上看见他了。
②Li Mei always went to school on foot last year. 去年李梅总是步行上学。
II. 一般过去时的构成
  我们主要来学习谓语动词为实义动词的一般过去时的构成。
  动词过去式的构成:
  (1)规则动词过去式的构成有四条规则:
  ①一般在动词原形末尾直接加上-ed。如:look-looked。
  ②以不发音的字母e结尾的动词,去e再加-ed。如:live-lived。
  ③末尾只有一个辅音字母的重读闭音节,先双写这个辅音字母,再加-ed。如:stop-stopped。
  ④末尾是辅音字母+y结尾的动词,先变y为i,然后再加-ed。如:study-studied。
  (2)不规则动词的过去式需特殊记忆。如:am(is)-was, are-were, go-went, come-came, take-took, have (has)-had等。
III. 一般过去时的几种句型
肯定句结构为:主语+动词的过去式+其它。如:He went to the toy store yesterday. 他昨天去玩具店了。
  否定句结构为:主语+did not (didnt)+动词原形+其它。如:He didnt go to the toy store yesterday. 他昨天没去玩具店。
  一般疑问句的构成:Did+主语+动词原形+其它?如:
  1) --Did you go to Beijing last week?   --Yes, we did. (No, we didnt.)
  2) --Did you meet the businessman before?  --No, I didnt. (Yes, I did.)
  特殊疑问句的构成:
  疑问词+did+主语+动词原形+其它?如:
  1) --What did you do last night?  --I did my homework.
  2) --Where did you go last week? --I went to Shanghai with my parents.
  一般过去时口诀:
  一般过去时并不难,表示过去动作、状态记心间。
  动词要用过去式,时间状语句末站。
  否定句很简单,didnt 站在动词原形前,其它部分不要变。
  一般疑问句也好变,did放在句子前,主语、动词原形、其它部分依次站。
  特殊疑问句也简单,疑问词加一般疑问句记心间。
  最后一条请注意,动词过去式要牢记。

Unit 8 The Seasons and the Weather

Topic1 What’s the weather like today?
重点词语:
1. 季节词汇:
四季名词 spring summer Autumn / fall winter
四季特征 warm hot cool cold
四季色彩 green bright yellow white
四季活动 hike swim climb mountains make snowmen
2. 天气词汇:
天气名词 rain wind cloud snow sun fog
对应形容词 rainy windy cloudy snowy sunny Foggy
3. in spring / summer / fall / winter  在春天;夏天;秋天;冬天
4. go climbing mountains / shopping / swimming
5. quite = very 很,相当
6. come back to life 复苏,复活
7. 名词转化为形容词:hope – hopeful  care – careful 
8. from December to February 从十二月到二月
9. fall off  落下;掉落
10. weather report 天气预报
11. a hopeful season 一个充满希望的季节 the harvest season丰收的季节
12. come after 紧跟其后
13. get warmer and warmer 变得越来越暖和
14. make dinner 做饭    make tea 泡茶  make faces 做鬼脸  make friends 交朋友
make wishes 许愿  make a mistake 犯错误  make a noise 制作噪音  
make a sentence 造句 make sure 确信  make dumplings 包饺子
二、重点句型:
1. What’s the weather like today? = How is the weather today? 今天天气怎么样?
  It looks like rain. = It looks like raining. 看起来好像要下雨。
2. Which season is the warmest / hottest / coolest / coldest in the year? 一年里哪个季节最暖和;最热;最凉快;最冷?
3. Sometimes it rains quite heavily / hard. 有时候雨下得很大。
4. It’s a good time to swim. 它是游泳的好时节。
  It’s a good season for hiking. 它是去远足的好季节。
  It’s a good time / season to do something. 它是做某事的好时间;好季节。
5. Do you like summer? Yes, but I like winter better. 你喜欢夏天吗?是的,但是我更喜欢冬天。
Which do you like best, spring, summer, fall or winter? I like summer best.
你最喜欢哪个,春,夏,秋,还是冬?我最喜欢夏。
Like…better 更喜欢…  like…best 最喜欢…
6. I like spring best. = My favorite ( season ) is spring. 我最喜欢的季节是春天。
7. What’s the weather like today? How was the weather yesterday? What will the weather be like tomorrow? 今天天气怎么样?昨天天气怎么样?明天天气怎么样?
8. It’s nice and warm. 今天挺暖和的。
Nice and …; good and … 可用来加强语气,意为“很,挺”。如:
nice and cold 很冷   nice and far 很远
9. It’s better today than yesterday.  今天的天气比昨天更好。
10. The weather gets warmer and warmer. 天气变得越来越暖和。
get 变得。如:get cold 变冷;get thin 变瘦
比较级and比较级意为“越来越…”,如:
taller and taller, 越来越高;  heavier and heavier,越来越重
11. The cold weather is coming. 寒冷的天气马上就要来了。
12. It lasts from December to February. 它从十二月持续到二月。
13. The newspaper says it’ll be sunny tomorrow. 据报纸报道明天将会是晴天。
14. The farmers are busy harvesting. 农民们忙着收割庄稼。
be busy doing something = be busy with something 忙着做某事
I am busy doing my job. = I am busy with my job. 我忙着我的工作。
三、语法学习:
1. 形容词的最高级:
单音节词和少数双音节词:
(1)一般情况下加-est,如:coldest, tallest
(2)以“e”结尾的词,加-st,如:nicest, finest
(3)以辅音字母+y结尾的词,先变y为i,再加-est,如:busiest, heaviest
(4)以一个辅音字母结尾的重读闭音节,双写末尾辅音字母,再加-est,如:biggest, hottest
多音节词在前面加most,如:most beautiful, most dangerous
四、交际用语:学习描述和谈论四季和不同时间下的天气状况
What’s the weather like in summer?
It often rains. Sometimes it rains quite heavily.
How is the weather in winter?
It’s better than yesterday.
Which season do you like best, spring, summer, fall, or winter?
Which season is the coldest in a year?
What do you think of the weather today?
What’s the temperature? It’s 35℃.

Topic2 The summer holidays are coming.

重点词语:
1. the summer / winter holiday 暑假;寒假   2. talk about 谈论到,谈及   3. holiday plans 假日计划   4. want to go 想去    want to do something = would like to do something 想做某事
hope to do something 希望做某事  plan to do something 计划做某事    5. around the country 环绕国家    6. take pictures / photos of 给…照相      7. the local people / food 当地人;当地食物
8. places of interest 名胜古迹    9. celebrate something with somebody 和某人一起庆祝某事
10. get together with somebody 和某人聚会在一起     11. go on a trip去旅游  make one’s trip 旅行  make a holiday 度假  go for a holiday 去度假   be on holiday = go on holiday 在度假  take a holiday = have a holiday 休假   12. have a good time = have a great time = have a wonderful time = have a nice time = have fun 玩得很高兴    13. on the beach 在海滩上   14. tell somebody something about something  告诉某人一些事情关于某个事物   15. the best time 最佳时间   16. enter someone’s home 进入某人家里   17. take off your shoes 脱鞋子   18. go out 出去  go back 回去   19. point to 指着   20. eat with your left hand 用左手吃东西   21. Muslin countries 穆斯林国家   22. touch somebody on someplace 触摸某人的某个部位   23. make the OK sign 做个好了的手势   24. arrive on time 按时到达    25. a little later晚一点   26. pass something to somebody 传递某物给某人
二、重点句型:
1. The summer holidays are coming. 暑假要来了。
2. I hope to get together with my old friends. 我希望和我的老朋友在一起。
3. Each of us has a good plan for the holidays. 我们每个人都有一个很好的假期计划。
4. Before you go on a trip, what will you pack for it? 你去度假以前,要打包准备些什么?
5. It sounds really interesting and exciting. 它听起来相当有趣和令人激动。
6. Different countries have different customs. 不同的国家有不同的风俗。
7. You shouldn’t eat with your left hand. 你不能用左手吃东西。
8. You mustn’t point to anything with your foot. 你千万不要用脚指东西。
9. Guess what I bought for you! 猜猜我为你买了什么!
三、语法学习:
1. 一般过去时的特殊疑问句:
How was you trip? It was wonderful.
How did you make your trip? By plane.
What places did you visit? We visited some famous temples.
When did you come back? I came back yesterday.
Where did you go on a trip? To Australia.
Why did you watch TV? Because I wanted to watch tennis games.
Whom did you live with? My parents.
2. 情态动词should和shouldn’t的用法:
What places should I visit in Yunnan?
You should visit Dali and Lijiang and you shouldn’t miss Xishuangbanna.
When you enter someone’s home, you should take off your shoes.
四、交际用语:谈论旅游和风俗。
Where do you want to go for you holiday?
I’m going to travel around the country and take pictures of the local people.
When you travel in other countries, you’d better know the customs of the country.
How was your trip? It was wonderful.
How did you go to Tibet? By plane.
How long were you there? I was there for five days.
When did you come here? I came back yesterday.
What’s the best time to go there?

Topic3 Let’s celebrate!

重点词语:
1. 节日名称:
The Spring Festival New Year’s Eve Lantern Day Tomb–sweeping Festival
春节 除夕 元宵节 清明节
Dragon Boat Festival Mid-autumn Festival Double Ninth Festival
端午节 中秋节 重阳节
Teachers’ Day Mother’s Day Children’s Day National Day
教师节 母亲节 儿童节 国庆节
Women’s Day Army’s Day Party’s Birthday Youth Day
妇女节 建军节 党的生日 青年节
April Fool’s Day Christmas Thanks-giving Day Halloween
愚人节 圣诞节 感恩节 复活节
2. make dumplings 包饺子    3. perform lion and dragon dances 表演舞狮子和舞龙
4. give each other presents 互赠礼物   5. dress up 盛装打扮,乔装打扮  6. the most important 最重要   7. stay up 熬夜   8. gaze at 观看   9. get dark 变黑   10. have a family get-together 举行家庭聚会   11. prepare for 为…做准备   12. go trick-or-treating  去玩“是恶作剧还是请客”
13. knock on 敲打   14. play tricks on somebody 捉弄某人   15. enjoy doing something 享受做某事   16. be in bed 入睡   17. send…to 把…送到…;寄…   18. colored lights / candles 彩灯;彩烛   19. on Christmas Eve 在圣诞节前夜   20. lunar May 5th 农历五月五   21. hold dragon boat races 举行龙舟赛   22. eat rice dumplings 吃粽子   23. the birthday of China 中国的生日
24. the capital city of China 中国的首都城市   25. Tian’anmen Square 天安门广场   26. watch the national flag go up 观看升国旗    27. a seven-day holiday 七天的假期
二、重点句型:
1. People in many countries celebrate Christmas and give each other presents. 很多国家的人庆祝圣诞节和互赠礼物。
2. What other special festivals do we have? 我们有别的什么特殊的节日吗?
3. On this day people eat mooncakes and enjoy gazing at the full moon. 在这一天人们吃月饼赏月。
What do you mean by trick-or-treat? 你所说的“trick-or-treat”是什么意思?
It the neighbors don’t give them candies they will play tricks on them.如果邻居不给他们糖果,他们将会捉弄他们。
Everyone is all smiles. 大家都笑容满面。
They must be from Santa Claus! 他们一定来自圣诞老人。
Before Christmas, I sent many Christmas cards to my friends. 圣诞节之前,我给朋友们寄了很多圣诞节贺卡。
三、语法学习:由when, before, after引导的时间状语从句。
When it snows, the ground is white with snow and I can make snowmen.
When you travel in other countries, you should know the customs of the country.
Before the Chinese New Year, many Chinese families burn the pictures of kitchen god, Zao Shen, to bring good luck.
Parents also enjoy eating their children’s trick-or-treat candies after the children are in bed.
四、交际用语:学习中外节日。
Children dress up in strange clothes and play tricks.
On Spring Festival, Chinese people celebrate and perform lion and dragon dances.
Thank you for your Christmas cards!

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