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七年级英语下册Unit7 Poems期末知识点汇总

1. (not) at all 一点也(不),完全(不)
2. (be ) worried about 为……担忧
3. newspaper stand 报摊
4. rush out 冲出去
5. a crowd of 一群
6. with tired face 带着倦容
7. hurry to work 匆忙去工作
8. change one’s idea (about sth) 改变(对某事的)看法
9. give sb advice 给某人建议
10.take sb’s advice 接受某人建议
11.find out 找出,查明
12.high up in the cloud 高入云层
13.a piece of wood 一块木头
14.all the time 一直
15.in class 在课堂上
16.on a windy day 在一个刮风的一天
17.in a low voice 用低沉的声音
18.leave the door open 让门开着
19.on my way 在我的路上
20 come up 接近,发生
21.follow the rules 遵守规则
22.clean up 打扫
23.knock on the door 敲门
24.from dawn to dusk 从黎明到黄昏,从早到晚
25.keep out city green 保持我们的城市绿色
26.look like 看起来像
27.think of. 认为,想起
 
Getting ready
1. Read two poems about ordinary people. 读两首关于普通人的诗歌. ordinary 普通的;平凡的
out of the ordinary 不平常;非凡
2. Listen to four short poems about feelings. 听关于情感的短诗.
(1)feel 连系动词意为”感到,感觉”
I feel very tired today. 我今天感到非常累.
(2)feel及物动词,意为”感觉,触摸”.
I felt the house shake yesterday. 昨天我感到非常累.
3. Learn how to use imperatives to give orders or advice. 学会如何使用祈使句给出命令或建议.
(1) order 这里用作名词,意为”命令” 也可以是动词”命令”
This is an order. 这是命令.
The police ordered them to wait right there. 警察命令他们就在那儿等候.
(2) order 及物动词, 意为”订购,点菜”
I want to order a ticket. 我想订一张票.
(3) advice 不可数名词,意为”劝告,建议”. a piece of advice 一条建议
The teacher often gives advice to his students. 这个老师经常给他的学生提建议.
4. Read a poem aloud in a group. 在小组里大声读诗.
aloud 副词,意为”出声地; 高声地”.
Please read the text aloud. 请朗读一下课文.
----Miss Li, could you give me ______ on English learning?
----Certainly. First you should speak English every day.
A.any advices B. many advices C. some advice
Reading
1. agree to 同意……(意见),to后多接表示计划、建议、安排、决定等的名词或代词。
Do you agree to that plan? 你同意那个计划吗?
2. agree with 同意某人或某人所说的话,with 后常接表示人的名词或代词。
I agree with you in all your views. 我赞成你的一切意见。
3. agree on (两人以上)就…取得一致意见。
We agreed on a price for the car. 我们商定了这辆汽车的价格。
4. Poems can tell stories. 诗歌可以讲故事。
tell sb. sth. 或 tell sth. to sb. 告诉某人某事。
tell sb. to do sth. 告诉某人做某事。
tell 告诉,后跟双宾语,“讲故事”是tell a story
say 强调“说”的内容
speak 说某种语言
talk 交谈;谈话;谈论 talk to/with sb. 与某人交谈;talk about sth. 谈论某物
Our teacher told us _____ carefully in class.
A.listen B. to listen C. listened D.listens
5. All poems use complete sentences. 所有的诗歌使用完整的句子。
complete 形容词意为“完整的;整个的”。 动词为“完成”。
6. Water has no taste at all. 水没有一点儿味道。
(1) taste 味道;滋味; 尝起来。
(2) not at all 一点也不; 完全不
It wasn’t difficult at all. 这一点儿也不难。
7. Too tired to laugh or play. 太累了,不笑也不玩。
Too…to…太……而不能……,可以改写为so…that…句式,so后面接形容词或副词,that 后面接从句,且要用否定式。
She is too young to go there alone. = She is so young that she can,t go there alone.
她太小了,不能独自去那儿。
8. Not worried about the height. 不恐高……
(1) be worried about 为……担忧
Don’t be worried about me. 不要担心我。
(2)height 高度
What is the height of that wall? 那堵墙有多高?
(3) high 高的
How high is the door? 门有多高?
This is a high mountain. 这是座高山。
9. And he’s smiling. 他微笑着。
She smiled at me. 她向我微笑。
laugh表示出声地笑,有时指大笑。 laugh at 嘲笑
10.A bus stops, and the people rush out. 一辆公共汽车停下,人们冲出去。
rush out 冲出去 rush out of… 冲出……
11.A crowd of people… 一群人…
crowd 作动词为“聚集;挤满” be crowded with 挤满
12.while 连词,意为“在……期间;当……的时候”,引导时间状语从句。
The boy fell asleep while the teacher was having the lesson. 老师上课的时候,这个男孩睡着了。 While the teacher was speaking, the students were listening. 老师讲课时,学生们在听。
13. at the same time 同时
A wide street allows many people to walk at the same time. 宽阔的街道可容许多人同时行走。
14. If you are afraid of heights, you should not work on a building site. 如果你怕高,你不应该在建筑工地上工作。
(1) be afraid to do sth.
The girl is afraid to go there by herself.
(2) be afraid of sb. / sth.
Many children are afraid of dogs.
(3) be afraid of doing sth.
He is always afraid of making mistakes.
15. find out 弄清楚,查明
16. all the time 一直;始终
The baby cries all the time. at times 不时;偶尔
I make mistakes at times when I speak English.
Listening
1. angry 生气的
(1) be angry with 生某人的气,后接表示人的名词或代词
(2) be angry at/about 因某事而生气,后接表示事物的名词或代词,还可接从句
Don’t be angry with him. He is only a child.
I was angry at/about what he said.
---Why are you unhappy, Kate?
----I didn’t finish my homework again. I’m afraid Miss Gao will be _____ me.
A.angry with B.friendly to C. proud of D. two millions of
2. excited 感到激动的,指人、物感到激动
exciting 令人激动的,指人、事、物本身让人兴奋、激动
---Did you watch the basketball match yesterday?
---Yes. We were all _____ about the ______ match.
A.exciting; excited B.exciting; exciting C. excited; excited D. excited;exciting
Writing
1. And they always follow the rules. 他们总是遵规守纪.
follow 动词,意为”遵循;跟从;听从”
Follow the traffic rules. 遵循交通规则。
We should follow his advice. 我们应该听从他的建议。
2. Just knock on the door. 只要敲敲门。
knock on 意为“敲”,常用来表示“敲门、窗”等。
Who is knocking on the door? 谁在敲门?
3. I clean up things that people drop… 我把人们丢掉的东西打扫干净…
clean up 清理,打扫
Your bedroom is so dirty. Would you please _______, Peter?
set it up B.put it on C. pick it up D. clean it up
 
Key Grammar
Ⅰ祈使句(Imperatives)
祈使句是用来表达﹑命令、请求、劝告、警告、禁止的句子。祈使句一般以动词原形开头,无时态和数的变化,句末用句点或者感叹号,读时用降调,在祈使句的句首或者句末加上please,以使语气更加委婉客气。祈使句有肯定和否定两种形式。
1.  肯定祈使句
⑴ 动词原形+其他。
  Open the door,please.请打开门。
⑵ Let’s +动词原形+其他。
Let’s go to the park this Sunday.这个星期天咱们去公园吧。
辨析:let’s与let us
let’s 是包括讲话者的谈话对象在内。Let’s try it again.让我们(一起)再试试吧。
let us不包括讲话者的谈话对象在内。Let us try it again. 让我们(自己)再试试吧。
⒉ 否定祈使句
   ⑴ Don’t+动词原形+其他。
     Don’t play football on the road!不要在马路上踢足球!
   ⑵ Let sb not +动词原形+其他。
Let’s  not make so much noise here.咱们不要在这大声吵闹。
⑶ Never+动词原形+其他。
 Never be late for school.上学从来不要迟到。
⑷ 有些祈使句可用no开头,用来表示禁止。
 No smoking!禁止吸烟!
⒊祈使句的回答
因为祈使句通常表示将来要发生的动作,所以回答祈使句时,一般用will或者won’t。
——Don’t forget to do your homework.不要忘记做你的作业。
——I won’t.. 我不会忘记的。
练习一
Ⅰ. 根据汉语意思完成下列英语句子,每空一词。
1. 这边请!
  _____ _____, please!
2. 我来帮你吧。
   ____ ____ help you.
3. 我们休息一下吧。
   _____ _____ a rest.
4. 让她走吧。
   _____ _____ leave.
5. 要永远记住那个可怕的日子。
   _____ _____ that terrible day.
6. 务必告诉他这个消息!
   _____ _____ him the news!
Ⅱ. 单项选择
(  )7. _____ this kind of peach, and you will like it.
    A. To try  B. Trying   C. Try   D. Tried
(  )8. _____ the radio, please. The baby is sleeping now.
    A. Not turn on                B. Don’t turn on
C. Not turn down                  D. Don’t turn down
(  )9. —Please bring your homework to school tomorrow, Steven.
—OK, I _____.
A. will   B. won’t   C. do   D. don’t
(  )10. —Peter, don’t step on the grass.
—______.
   A. It doesn’t matter               B. I can’t do it
C. Don’t worry                  D. Sorry, I won’t do it again
(  )11. — Remember to ask her to call me back.
—______.
A. Never mind                  B. That’s right
C. Up to you                 D. All right
(  )12. —Let’s go out and enjoy the sunshine.
—¬______. It’s boring to stay at home.
A. Sounds great                B. Not at all    
C. Forget it                 D. No way
(  )13. —______ late for school again, Tim!
—Sorry, I promise that I ______.
A. Don’t; won’t        B. Don’t be; won’t 
C. Don’t be; don’t     D. Don’t; will
(  )14. Boys and girls, ______ up your hands if you want to go for a picnic
this weekend.
A. putting       B. to put     C. put   D. puts
题后总结
◆肯定结构的祈使句常以谓语动词原形开头。
◆否定结构的祈使句常在谓语动词原形前加上Never或Don’t。
◆以let引导的祈使句结构,有以下几种情况:
1.“Let me+动词原形”,意为“请让我……”。
2.“Let’s +动词原形”,意为“让我们……”,表示建议或请求。
3.“Let+第三人称作宾语+动词原形”,意为“让……”,表示愿望、命令或允许。
◆在开头的动词原形前加Do(务必)或Always(永远),表示强调。如:
    Do write to us often! 务必经常给我们写信。
Ⅱ感叹句(Exclamations)
感叹句是用来表达说话人对某人、某物或某件事表示赞美、惊讶、喜悦、气愤或悲哀等语气的句子,这类句子有强烈的感情,句尾用感叹号。感叹句通常由how或what引出。
⒈如果对句子中的名词或名词词组表示感叹,用what引出。
⑴ What+a/an+adj.+单数名词+主语+谓语(+其他成分)!其中主语和谓语可以省略。
What an interesting book (it is)!多有趣的一本书啊!
⑵ What+ adj.+名词复数/不可数名词+主语+谓语(+其他成分)!其中主语和谓语可以省略。
  What beautiful flowers (they are)!多漂亮的花啊!
⒉如果对句子中的形容词、副词或动词表示感叹,用how引导。
  ⑴ How+adj./adv.+主语+谓语(+其他成分)!
     How hard the people are working!这些人们工作多努力啊!
  ⑵ How+主语+谓语!
    How time flies! 时间过得真快呀!
练习二
Ⅰ. 按要求完成下面的句子,每空一词。
1. These flowers are very beautiful. (改为感叹句)
  _______ _______ these flowers are!
2. The little boy is very clever. (改为感叹句)
  _______ _______ the little boy is!
3. It’s a funny story. (改为感叹句)
  _______ _______ _______ story it is!
4. What a good girl she is! (改为同义句)
  _______ _______ _______ girl she is!
5. How delicious the food is! (改为同义句)
  _______ _______ food it is!
6. They are running fast. (改为感叹句)
  _______ _______ they are running!
7. Her sister is a very lovely girl. (改为感叹句)
  _______ _______ lovely girl her sister is!
  _______ _______ her sister is!
8. I have read a very interesting book. (改为感叹句)
  _______ _______ _______ book I have read!
9. Your dictionary is very useful. (改为感叹句)
  _______ _______ your dictionary is!
10. The children are singing and dancing happily. (改为感叹句)
  _______ _______ the children are singing and dancing!
Ⅱ. 单项选择
(  )11. What a friendly person _______! We all like talking with him.
  A. is it      B. is he       C. it is        D. he is
(  )12. _______ swimming in this river!
A. How great fun                B. What great fun   
C. How a great fun             D. What a great fun
(  )13. _______ sad news it is! We must try our best to help them out of trouble.
    A. What a  B. What       C. How a    D. How
(  )14. What _______ fine weather we have these days!
A. a    B. the    C. /     D. an
(  )15. _______ lovely day! Let’s go for a walk.
    A. What   B. What a    C. How     D. How a
(  )16. _______ dangerous it is to ride on a busy road!
A. What   B. What a   C. How     D. How a
(  )17. _______ great time we had last week!
A. How    B. How a     C. What     D. What a
(  )18. _______ man he is!
A. What strange a               B. How a strange
C. What a strange             D. What strange
(  )19. _______ interesting it is to swim in the sea.
A. How   B. What a     C. What    D. How a
(  )20. _______ the soup tastes!
  A. How good   B. How well    C. What good    D. What well
【题后总结】
◆what通常修饰名词,引导的感叹句的结构为:
1. What + a(n) +形容词+可数名词的单数形式+主语+谓语+其他!
2. What +形容词+可数名词的复数形式+主语+谓语+其他!
3. What +形容词+不可数名词+主语+谓语+其他!
◆how通常修饰副词或形容词,引导的感叹句的结构为:
1. How +形容词或副词+主语+谓语!
2. How +主语+谓语!
 
综合练习
感叹句练习
I. 将下列句子变成感叹句:
1. It is quite a nice present.→_____ _____ nice present!
2. We have fine weather today.→ _____ _____ weather we have today!
3. It’s sunny today.→_____ _____ sunny day it is today!
4. The children are working hard.→_____ _____ the children are working!
5. She played basketball wonderfully.→_____ _____ she played basketball!
6. He is good at singing.→_____ _____ he sings!
7. He was doing well in dancing.→_____ a _____ dancer he was!
8. Tom coughs badly.→_____ _____ _____ cough Tom has!
9. The fish is very lovely.→_____ _____ the fish is!
10. They live a happy life today.→_____ _____ _____ life they live!
II. 选择题
1. ____ a nice watch it is!(1998山东)
A. How B. What C. What a D. How a
2. ____ bright girls they are!(1998浙江)
A. What B. What a C. How D. how a
3. ____ interesting the film is!(1998湖北)
A. What B. What an C. How
4. ____ sunny day! Let’s go out for a walk.(1999江西)
A. How a B. How C. What a D. What
5. ____ hard work it is!(1999浙江)
A. How B. What C. What a D. What an
6. ____ day it is! It’s rainy again. (1999江西)
A. How bad B. What a bad C. How fine D. What a fine
7. ____ great day July 1, 1997 will be! (1999上海)
A. How a B. What a C. How D. What
8. ____ expensive trousers!(1999浙江)
A. What B. What a C. How D. What an
9. ____ girl she is!(1998河北)
A. What bright a  B. How a bright  C. How bright a  D. What bright
10. ____ weather we have today!(1983上海)
A. A fine B. What a fine C. How a fine D. What fine
11. ____ careless he is!(1986吉林)
A. What B. How C. So much D. How much
12. ____ from Beijing to London!(1993黑龙江)
A. How long way it is B. What a long way is it
C. How long way is it D. What a long way it is
13. Oh, John, ____ you gave us!(1990内蒙古)
A. How a pleasant surprise B. How pleasant surprise
C. What a pleasant surprise D. What pleasant surprise
14. ____ useful work they have done!(2000上海)
A. What B. How C. What a D. What an
15. ____ nice picture you gave me!(2000杭州)
A. How B. What C. What a D. What an
祈使句练习
I. 选择题。
1. Please ____, they’re having a meeting.(1998黑龙江)
A. not be so noisy B. Be quite C. mustn’t talk D. no speaking
2. ____ to meet me at the station. I’ll be waiting there.(河北)
A. Not to forget B. Not forget C. Forget not D. Don’t forget
3. It’s a fine day. Let’s go fishing, ____?(1990北京西城区)
A. won’t we B. will you C. don’t we D. shall we
4. Don’t smoke in the meeting-room, ____?(1999天津)
A. do you B. will you C. can you D. could you
5. –Don’t forget to come to my birthday party tomorrow. -I ____.
A. don’t B. won’t C. can’t D. haven’t
6. ____ down the radio. The baby’s asleep in the next room.
A. Turning B. To turn C. Turned D. Turn
7. Lucy, ____ the door or someone’ll come in.(1996河南)
A. close B. Closes C. not close D. is closing
8. ____ and play football in the street after lunch.(哈尔滨)
A. Let’s not to go B. Let’s not go C. Let’s don’t go  D. Not let’s go
9. A sign with the words“____” is often found in a bus.(安徽)
A. Not parking B. Not smoking C. No parking D. No smoking
10. ____ Chinese in you English class.(2000西安)
A. Not speak B. Don’t speak C. Speak not D. Don’t speaking
II. 将下列句子变成祈使句:
1. Would you like to wait a moment?→_____ _____ a moment.
2. Can I use your bike?→Please _____ _____ your bike.
3. You’d better not smoke here.→_____ _____ here.
4. You must be careful with your handwriting.
_____ _____ with your handwriting.
4.      Will you please not play with my pencil? →____ ____ with my pencil,____.

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七年级英语下册Unit7Poems期末知识点汇总1.(not)atall一点也(不),完全(不)2.(be)worriedabout为……担忧3.newspaperstand报摊4.rushout冲出去5.acrowdof一群6.witht

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