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小学英语毕业考试总复习资料

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小学英语毕业考试总复习资料
小学六年级英语总复习   
一、 26个字母:(要求会默写字母的大小写、连续听音书写字母、按顺序排列字母或单词)    元音字母:A a , Ee, Ii, Oo, Uu

二、 语音知识:
Aa  name名字 cake蛋糕 gate大门 cage鸟笼 snake蛇  face脸 baby娃娃
    apple苹果   cat猫   bag书包   hat帽子   fat胖的
Ee(ee,ea) these 这些 three三   sheep绵羊   knee膝盖   tree树 beans豆角  
   egg蛋   elephant大象  desk课桌    bed床     pen钢笔   leg 腿
Ii five 五  nine九   like 喜欢 kite风筝   bike 自行车
 fish鱼   big大的    six小的   milk牛奶   is是    it 它  this 这个
Oo(oa,oe) nose 鼻子 those那些   bone骨头  toe 脚趾头  goat山羊   boat船   coat 大衣
 dog 狗   fox狐狸   frog 青蛙   box盒子   hot 热的  not不是
Uu you你,你们    use使用   computer计算机
 blue 蓝色的  flute 笛子  June 六月
 bus 公共汽车   umbrella 雨伞   uncle 叔叔
Cc CD 光盘   circle 圆形    cent 分钱
 cat 猫    camera   照相机
Gg(ge)
 orange 桔子   giraffe 长颈鹿  page 页
 frog 青蛙     girl  女孩    big 大的    gate  大门
th thin 瘦的   three  三  thirteen 十三  mouth 嘴
 mother 妈妈   father 爸爸   brother 兄弟   they 他们  this 这个   that 那个  feather 羽毛
wh
 what 什么 when 什么时候  where 哪里  why 为什么  which 哪一个  white 白色的  water水   woman 女人  walk 走
 who 谁  whose  谁的
ar car 汽车  park 公园  farm 农场  arm手臂   star星星
ir girl 女孩  bird 鸟  nurse护士  purse 钱包 turtle 海龟  third第三  hurt 疼
ow cow奶牛  owl 猫头鹰  house 房子  mouse 鼠,鼠标  cloudy多云的
oy
oi  boy 男孩   toy 玩具   oyster 贝壳  oil 油    coin 硬币   boil  沸腾
or
oor horse 马   store 商店   corn 玉米    door 门    floor 地板
air
ear chair 椅子    hair   头发   pear 梨    bear 熊  
oo
 book 书     good 好的   look 看   foot 脚 
 moon 月亮   food 食物    pool 池子   room房间

字母s或es的发音: 字母s在词首发音为/s/, 在中间如:usually, television, treasure, casual中发音为/  /;以/p/, /t/, /k/ 清音收尾,读音为/s/;其他情况一般读音为/z/;以s,  x,  ch,  sh 收尾加es的,es读音为/iz/。
字母y的发音: 一般字母y在词尾,发音为/i/,在词首发音为/j /, 在少数词cry,fly,try,dry,  shy,  my中发音为/ai/。
字母组合is, iss 在单词中发短音/is/, 字母组合ees, eys, e’s,  ese, eese, eeze在单词中发长音/i:z/.
不定冠词a和an都有“一个”的意思,在a, e, i, o, u 这5个元音字母发音前表示一个要用an,其余情况要用a 。

 


三、词汇归类:
1、 animals动物: cat猫, dog狗, fish鱼, cow奶牛, fox狐狸, duck鸭 , 
bird鸟,bee蜜蜂,monkey猴子,donkey驴,horse马,rabbit兔子,  lion狮子,tiger老虎,panda熊猫,goat山羊,sheep绵羊,snake蛇,bear熊,deer鹿。
2、 fruit水果: apple苹果,pineapple菠萝,pear梨,banana香蕉,peach桃,
orange桔子,lemon柠檬,grape葡萄, watermelon西瓜,
kiwi  fruit猕猴桃。
3、vegetables蔬菜:eggplants 茄子 peppers 辣椒  cabbages 圆白菜tomatoes 西红柿 potatoes 土豆cucumbers 黄瓜cauliflowers 菜花 beans  豆角   mushrooms 蘑菇 onions 洋葱
4、 食品:hot dog热狗  noodles面条  corn玉米   rice米饭   chicken鸡肉          
hamburger 汉堡包  French fries 炸薯条   fried rice 炒米饭 
milk牛奶  soup 汤   juice 果汁   ice cream 冰淇淋
5、 学习用具:bag书包 ,  pen钢笔,  pencil铅笔 ,pencil-box盒子,  book书,   
desk课桌,  ruler尺子,  chair椅子, ball球 ,eraser橡皮, 
   pencil  sharpener转笔刀。
6、numbers数字:
1)基数词: One  1,  two 2,  three 3,  four 4,five 5,  six 6, seven 7, eight 8,  nine  9,  ten  10 ,eleven  11, twelve 12, thirteen  13, fourteen 14, fifteen 15,sixteen 16,seventeen 17 ,eighteen 18,nineteen 19, twenty 20。        twenty-one  21,twenty-six  26,…… thirty  30,  forty 40,  fifty 50, sixty 60 ,seventy 70,  eighty 80, ninety 90,  one hundred 100 , two hundred  200.
2)序数词:first 第一, second第二 , third第三 , fourth第四 , fifth第五,
Sixth第六, seventh第七, eighth第八, ninth第九, tenth第十。
7、body身体部位: eye眼    ear耳    nose鼻    face脸   mouth嘴 
leg腿    arm手臂   knee膝盖   foot脚   toe脚趾tongue舌   finger手指   hand手    head头    hair头发    chest 胸     ankle 脚踝
8、job职业: vet兽医   nurse护士   teacher 老师   doctor 医生  student 学生   pilot飞行员   worker工人  farmer农民  dancer舞蹈家  policeman 警察.     juggler 杂耍演员    singer 歌手
9、subject科目:art美术     P.E.体育  math数学    music音乐   Chinese 语文English 英语   history历史    science科学    geography 地理学
10、weather天气:sunny 阳光灿烂的   cloudy 多云的   rainy 多雨的  snowy 多雪的 windy 多风的    fine 晴好的
11、season季节:spring春季, summer夏季, autumn秋季, winter冬季
12、方位介词:on在……上面,   under在……下面,   in在……里面,
in front of在……前面,  behind 在……后面,  between在……之间,
next to挨着……,  near在……附近
13、color颜色: red红色, pink粉色, yellow黄色, brown棕色, blue蓝色, purple紫色, orange橙色, black黑色, white白色
14、week星期:  Monday星期一,    Tuesday星期二,   Wednesday星期三,
Thursday星期四,  Friday星期五, Saturday星期六,Sunday星期日
15、month月份:  January一月, February二月, March三月, April四月, May 五月,
June六月, July七月, August八月, September九月, October十月,
November十一月, December十二月.
16、sports运动:football足球   tennis网球   basketball 篮球   volleyball排球  badminton 羽毛球  table tennis乒乓球  swimming游泳   running跑步  jumping跳跃  skiing 滑雪  skating滑冰   bowling保龄
17、clothes服装:shirt 衬衫 dress  连衣裙sweater 毛衣 skirt 短裙coat大衣 trousers 长裤 shorts 短裤 jeans 牛仔裤 tie 领带sock 袜子 shoes 鞋pajamas 睡衣 sweatpants 运动裤 baseball cap 棒球帽 belt 腰带 T-shirt T恤衫 glove  手套  purse 女士钱包cap 便帽 hat 礼帽
18、place地方场所: zoo 动物园  office办公室  classroom教室 school  学校 bank  银行 park 公园  police station  警察局swimming pool 游泳池 supermarket 超市 library  图书馆restaurant 餐馆 train station 火车站 post office 邮局cinema  电影院museum 博物馆
19、人称代词:I 我, you 你,你们,he他,she她, it它, we我们,they他们
20、形容词性物主代词:my我的,your你的,你们的,his他的, her她的,
our我们的,their他们的
21、名词性物主代词:mine我的   yours你的,你们的   his他的hers她的,         ours我们的,theirs他们的
22、带wh的特殊疑问词: what什么    where 哪里    who谁   whose谁的  
when什么时候      which 哪个 
23、形容词: big 大的  boring 无聊的 young 年轻的thin 瘦的  small 小的 easy容易的 long 长的 cheap 便宜的 fast 快的 short 短的 old 老的,旧的expensive 贵的  fat 胖的hot 热的 difficult 困难的slow 慢的 cold 冷的  interesting 有趣的exciting 令人兴奋的
24、family家庭成员:mother妈妈  father爸爸  brother哥哥弟弟  sister姐妹   uncle叔叔   aunt阿姨  grandmother奶奶  grandfather爷爷  
25、电器:walkman 随身听 cassette 磁带 radio 录音机 diskman  光盘播放器 television 电视   CD 光盘  video 录像带 
26、computer电脑部件:keyboard  键盘mouse 鼠标 speaker 扬声器 hard disk
硬盘disk磁盘   screen 屏幕   CD光盘  printer打印机
27、How often频率词:every day 每天  every week 每周  once a week每周一次 twice a week 每周两次  always 一直   usually 通常  hardly ever 几乎不  never 从不
28、signs标识 : Don’t walk. 不能走 Don’t litter. 不要扔垃圾 Don’t touch.不要摸 No swimming. 禁止照相 No parking 禁止停车 No food.禁止吃 No smoking.禁止抽烟 No cameras. 禁止照相
29、chores家务活动:walk the dog遛狗  wash the dog给狗洗澡 wash the dishes洗碗  feed the fish喂鱼 make the bed整理床铺polish shoes刷鞋  cut the grass 修剪草坪  clean the room打扫房间 clean the window   water the plants给植物浇水  dust the furniture 擦家具 take out the trash倒垃圾make breakfast做早饭
30、sports体育活动:play  football踢足球,  play tennis打网球,   play basketball打篮球  play bowling 打保龄球 play badminton打羽毛球  play table tennis打乒乓球  play volleyball 打排球  do karate练习空手道, go skiing去滑雪 ,  go skating去滑冰,  go swimming去游泳, ride a horse骑马  work out at the gym健身房健身
31、日常生活活动:  get up 起床, go to bed 上床睡觉, go to school上学,  go to park 去公园, watch TV看电视,  sing songs唱歌,see a movie看电影, listen to the music听音乐, fly kites放风筝,
go shopping去购物, visit friends拜访朋友,do homework做家庭作业, play the piano弹钢琴,play the guitar弹吉他,play the drums打鼓,play the violin 拉小提琴.

四、功能句型:
(一)针对个人情况进行交流(提问与回答):
1、 询问名字:What’s your name?   My name’s Wang Ling.   I’m Charlie
2、 询问年龄:How old are you?           I’m twelve.
              How old is he?             He is thirteen.
3、 询问生日:When is your birthday?         It’s March 12th.
4、 询问职业:Are you a doctor?          Yes, I am.     No, I am not.
What do you do?              I am a teacher.
             What does he do?             He is a vet.
5、 询问身高:How tall are you?             I am 158 centimeters tall.
6、 询问体重:How heavy are you?           I weight 60 kilograms.
7、 询问喜爱的颜色:Do you like red?          Yes, I do.     No, I don’t.
Does he like red?       Yes, he does.  No, he doesn’t..
What color do you like?          I like green.
                   What color does he like?         He likes blue.
8、 询问喜爱的食品:What food do you like?           I like chicken.   
9、 询问喜爱的学科:What’s your favorite subject? My favorite subject is math. 
10、 询问喜爱的季节:What season do you like?        I like spring.
11、 询问喜爱的运动:What sport do you like?      I like playing football. 
12、 询问喜爱的动物:What animal do you like?             I like dogs. 
13、 询问承担的家务:                
What chores do you have to do?          I have to walk the dog.
What chores does he have to do?         He has to feed the fish.
14、 询问更喜欢什么物品:Which sunglasses do you prefer? 
I prefer these.
15、 询问身体状况:How are you today?               I’m not well.  
What’s the matter?                My leg hurts.
16、 询问想要的、需要的:What do you want?          I want a T-shirt.
                      What do you need? I need flour, milk, eggs and butter.
17、   询问物品拥有:Do you have a cap?      Yes, I do.    No, I don’t.
                  Does he have a watch?    Yes, he does.  No, he doesn’t.
18、    询问经常在固定的时间做什么事情: 
       What do you do on Sunday?            I play tennis.
       What does he do on Monday?          He goes to school.
19、 询问经常在什么时间做这样的事情:
When do you get up?   I get up at 6:00.
When does he get up?  He gets up at 6:30.
20、   询问现在正在做什么事情:What are you doing?     I’m reading a book.
                               What is he doing?        He is singing.
21、   询问将来的计划、活动安排:
What are you going to do tomorrow?         I’m going to ride a horse.
What will you do next Sunday?                 I will go shopping.
What are you doing tomorrow?                I’m going bowling.
22、   询问活动的频率次数:How often do you play tennis?    Twice a week.
23、   询问所在的地点、方位: Where are you?      I’m in front of the car.
                    Where were you yesterday?        I was at home.
24、  询问过去时间内做了什么事情:
What did you do yesterday?         I went to school.
25、 询问、质疑过去所做过的事情: Did you go to the park last night?
Yes, I did.        No, I didn’t.
26、  询问是谁:  Who’s that?          That’s Ann.        
Who’ he?            He’s my father.
                Who was first?        Ken was first.
(二)针对物品情况进行交流(提问与回答):
1、询问物品名称:What’s this?  It’s a pen.  What are these?  They are pens.,
2、询问物品数量:How many pencils are there?          There are ten.
3、询问物品价钱:How much is the book?                 It is  ¥30.
How much are the books?             They are  ¥60.
 How much does this belt cost?           It costs  ﹩35
How much do these belts cost?         They cost  ﹩70.
4、询问物品所属:Whose computer is this?   This is my computer. It’s Ken’s.
                 Whose CDs are these?   They are our CDs. They’re Ann’s.
5、询问物品颜色等特征:What color is the duck?          It’s yellow.
6、询问物品位置:Where is the book?          It’s under the bag.
(三)针对时间、天气进行交流(提问与回答):
1、询问钟表时刻: What time is it?            It’s 6:20.
2、询问星期: What day is today?         It’s Monday.
3、询问月份日期:What’s the date today?      It’s September 1st.
4、询问天气状况:What’s the weather like?      It’s windy.
(四)以Can 开头的问句:
1、问答能力:Can you swim?   Yes,I can.   No, I can’t.
2、请求许可:Can he go out after school?     Yes, he can.   No, he can’t.
(五)询问比赛规则:What are the rules?     You must wear sports shoes.
(六)提出问题与建议:
I’m bored.    What should I do?      You should play this game.
He is tired.    What should he do?        He should go to bed early.
(七)使用反意疑问句求证信息:I can watch TV, can’t I?     Yes, you can.
                              He isn’t a teacher, is he?    No, he isn’t.
(八)表达同意或不同意:
In the year 2050 life will be better.     So do I. ( I do, too. )   
I don’t like snakes.         Neither do I. ( I don’t, either.)
五、语法知识:
(一)英语动词4种时态:
1、一般现在时:常与表示程度或频度的词连用,如:often(经常) , usually(通常,一般) , sometimes(有时) , always(总是,一直) , never(从不),表示经常性或习惯性的动作,表示现在的特征或状态,表示普遍真理。用动词原形表示,第三人称单数后,动词要在词尾加s(或es,或变y为i再加es)。如:I often get up at 7:00. 
He often gets up at 7:30.       
2、现在进行时:表示现在或现在这一阶段正在进行的动作。用am / is / are 加 动词ing形式表示,如: What are you doing?  I am reading a book.  What is he doing?   He is singing.
3、一般将来时:常与表示将来的时间连用,如:tomorrow , next week , next year 等,表示将要发生的动作或情况。用 am/ is/ are 加 going to形式表示,如:What are you going to do tomorrow?  I’m going to ride a horse. 用will 加动词原形表示,如:What will you do next Sunday?   I will go shopping. 用am/ is/ are 加动词ing 形式表示,如:What are you doing tomorrow?    I’m going bowling.
4、一般过去时:经常与表示过去的时间连用, 如: yesterday, last night等, 表示过去某时发生的动作或情况。动词要用动词的过去式。如:
Who was first?                     Ken was first.
Where were you yesterday?         I was at home.
What did you do yesterday?       I went to school.
(二)形容词的比较级和最高级:
1、单音节词:比较级加er, 最高级加est. 如:tall------taller-------- the tallest,
He is taller than his brother.     Tom is the tallest in his class.
2、多音节词和部分双音节词:比较级加more, 最高级加 the most. 如:
interesting---------more interesting---------the most interesting, 
Music is interesting subject.        P.E. is more interesting than music..     
Science is the most interesting subject.

六、仿写一段话 (要求至少五句话):
1. About me 介绍自己
My name is Peter. I am 12 years old. I like art. I like playing football. I have to walk the dog every day.

2. My  family  我的家庭
I have a happy family. My mother is a teacher. She is 36 years old. She likes singing. My father is a vet. He is 36 years old. He likes playing football. I’m a girl. I’m 13 years old. I like singing. We often play games together. I love them very much.

3. My pet  我的宠物
I have a dog.  It is Wang Wang. It’s white.  It has two big ears. We always play games together. I like it very much.

4. My friend 我的朋友
I have a good friend. His name is Peter. He is 12 years old. He likes art. He likes playing football and walking the dog .

5. My favorite我最喜爱的 ... (如:sports运动, subject学科, chores家务,fruit水                     
果, color颜色, teacher 老师等)
I like sports very much. Badminton is my favorite sport. I often play badminton with my friend after school. We play badminton on the playground. And I can play it very well.

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