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初中英语重点句型、短语一览表3

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时间:2020-11-09

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初中英语重点句型、短语一览表3

I like music that I can sing along with.
Yes. I like music that’s quiet and gentle.
I like (love) music very much.
I can’t stand music that isn’t too loud.
I like (love) singing.
I prefer music that has great lyrics.
3. It does have a few good features, though. (强调)
4. Whatever you do, don’t miss this exhibition. (让步状语从句)

Unit 7  Where would you like to visit?
Ⅰ、Useful expressions:
1. take it easy 从容,轻松
2. Niagara Falls 尼亚加大瀑布
3. Eiffel Tower 埃菲尔铁塔
4. Notre Dame Cathedral 巴黎圣母院
5. in general 通常    
7. provide with 给......提供
8. as soon as possible = as soon as you can 尽快地
9. come true 实现
10. Id love to = want to do sth. 想要
11. sail across the Pacific 横渡太平洋
12. dream about things = dream of doing sth. 梦想做某事
13. the finding of  …...的发现
14. hopes and dreams 希望与梦想
15. hang out 闲逛                            
16. finish your education 完成你的学业
17. have a good education 得到好教育
18. start work 开始工作
19. so … that 如此......以致
20. provide sth. for sb.
   = provide sb. with /about sth. 提供......给......
21. continue doing = go on doing 继续做某事                  
22. go to university 上大学
23. according to the survey 根据调查
24. the most popular choice of job 最受欢的职业选择
25. computer programming 电子设计
26. all kinds of dreams 各种梦想
27. to be volunteers 当志愿者
28. the 2008 Olympics  2008年奥运会
29. go to the moon 登月
30. one day = some day 总有一天
31. be willing to do 愿意做某事
32. achieve ones dreams 实现梦想
33. have similar hope 有相同的梦想
34. find a good job 找个好工作
35. hold on 坚持
36. travel posters 旅游景点海报
37. go on a vacation 去度假
38. go trekking 徒步旅行
39. trek through the jungle 徒步穿过热带雨林
40. go/walk through the park 穿过公园
41. relax on a beach 去海滩度假
42. beautiful views 漂亮的风景
43. pay for 付钱
44. interests of places 名胜古迹
45. be stressed out 紧张
46. Amazon jungle 亚马逊丛林
47. consider doing sth. 考虑做某事
   consider sb. to be sth. 把......视为......
   consider sb. as 认为……
48. travel spotlight 旅游胜地
49. the capital of sth.  …...的首都/省会
50. one of the liveliest cities in Europe 欧洲最有活力的城市之一
51. fantastic sights 奇妙的景色
52. one of the most famous churches in the world 
世界上最著名的教堂之一
53. in the church 在教堂
54. underground train = subway 地铁
55. an expensive place 一个高消费的地方
56. travel with someone 与某人一起旅行
57. translate things for sb. 为某人翻译事情
58. pack light clothes 打包轻薄的衣服
59. have lots of wonderful sights 有一些美丽的风景
60. go out for half an hour 出去半小时
61. answer the phone 接电话
62. call people back 回电
63. out of the office 不在办公室
64. get some information 得到一些信息    
65. find out 弄明白
66. vacation packages 旅行指南
67. go on a nature tour 去亲近大自然的旅行
68. have a great whale watch tour 举行一次大型亲近鲸的旅游
69. depend on 取决于
70. advertisement for vacations 假日广告
71. visit Hollywood 参观好莱坞
72. take a trip = have a trip 去郊游
73. in the east of China 在华东
74. cook ones own meals 自己煮饭                  
   = cook meals by oneself                
75. save money 省钱
76. give me some suggestions for vacation spots 给我一些旅游景点好提议
77. be away 离开
78. cook Beijing Duck 做北京烤鸭
79. stay in an inexpensive hotel 住在便宜的旅馆
80. how far 多远
81. botanical park 植物园
82. amusement park 游乐园
Ⅱ、Sentences:
1、询问有关喜欢参观的地方:
Where would you like to visit/travel/go?
Where do you want to visit/travel/go?
2、回答想参观的地方:
I hope to go to France some day.
I’d love to visit Mexico?
I’d like to go somewhere relaxing.
I want visit Kunming.
3、介绍想参观的地方的情况:
It’s very hot, but it’s also beautiful, and it has lots of interesting museums.
It has beautiful and fantastic beaches.
Because I like exciting vacation.
4. I do, too. I like places where the weather is always warm.
5. I’d like to go somewhere relaxing.
6. And quite a few said they dream of going to the moon one day.

Unit 8  I’ll help clean up the city park.
Ⅰ、Useful expressions:
1. clean up 打扫干净
2. cheer up 使振奋
3. give out 分发
4. put off 推迟
5. set up 建立
6. think up sth. 想出
7. look after = take care of = care for 照顾
8. fix up = repair sth. 修理
9. give away 赠送
10. put up = put sth. on the wall 张贴
11. hand out 分发
12. work out fine 结果很好
13. at once 马上
14. part of speech 词性
15. work outside 在外工作
16. help homeless people 帮助无家可归的人
17. cheer up sib. 使某人振奋
18. give/hand out sth. 分发某物
19. help sb. with sth. 在什么方面帮助某人
20. come up with a plan 提出一个计划
21. put up sth./advertisements 张贴广告
22. put off sth./making a plan 推迟某事
23. write down sth. 写下某事
24. set up a food bank 建立一个食物储蓄站
25. call sb. up 打电话给某人
26. put sth. to use 把……投入使用
27. take after/be similar to sb.
   = look like sb. 与……相象
28. give away sth. to sb. 赠送某人某物
29. use up sth./run out of sth.  
= don’t have any more sth. 用完某物
30. spend time doing sth. 
   = It take sb. + 时间 to do sth. 发时间做某事
31. tell sb. about sth. 告诉某人关于某事
32. donate sth. to sb. = give away sth. to sb. 向某人赠送某物
33. be hungry 饥饿的
34. less (后缀表否定) — ful (表肯定)
   homeless 无家可归的    nameless 匿名的
careless 粗心的          careful 细心的¬
35. a major/great commitment 一个重大奉献
   major in + 学科
36. at the elementary school 在小学
37. become/be a veterinarian 成为一名兽医
38. coach a football team for sb. 为某人训练一支足球队
39. help disabled people 帮助残疾人
   blind/deaf people 盲人/聋人
40. It’s one’s pleasure to do sth. 很乐意做某事。
41. be able/unable to do sth. 可能/不能做某事
42. shut up 闭嘴
43. support sb. 支持某人
44. appreciate sb. 感激某人
45. Volunteer Day 志愿日
   Clean-up Day 清洁日
46. not only …but also… 不仅……而且……
47. be home to  ..….的家
48. volunteer to do sth. 志愿做某事
49. each of them 他们中的每个人
50. plan to do sth. 计划做某事
51. in an animal hospital 一家动物医院
52. be a professional singer 一个职业歌手
53. volunteer project 志愿项目
54. test paper 考卷
55. make a pen pal 交一个笔友
56. sport club 运动俱乐部
57. a photo of sb. 某人的一张照片
58. send sth. to sb. 送某人某物
59. make it possible 使……成为可能
60. fill sth. with sth. 使……充满……
61. face the challenge 面对挑战
62. use one’s arm well 很好的使用某人的手
63. answer the telephone 接电话
64. open/shut doors 开/关门
65. carry sth. 搬运某物
66. be difficult for sb. 对某人来说很困难
67. a friend of mine (双重所有格) 我的一个朋友
   = one of my friends                     
68. get a specially trained dog 得到一只特别训练的狗
69. because of 因为
70. kind donation 慈善募捐
71. train to do sth. 训练做某事
72. understand different instructions 懂得不同的指示
73. fetch one’s book 取来某人的书
74. be used to do 被用于做某事
75. an amazing dog 一只迷人的狗
76. bring home 带回家
77. feel lucky 感到幸运
78. take after = look like                             
Ⅱ.Sentences:
1、询问对方想提供那些帮助:
What are you going to do when you see hungry people?
What kind of volunteer work do you think you could do?
What would you like to do to help homeless people?
If you see these things or problems, what will you do.
2、回答对方提出的有关帮助方面的问题:
I’m going to set up a food bank to help hungry people.
I could help coach a football team for little kids.
I’d like to set up a charity to help homeless people.
I will work out side.
3、给出有关帮助的建议:
You could help clean up the city parks.
You could help kids with their schoolwork.
You could start a Chinese History Club.
4. Not only do I feel good about helping others, but (also) I get to spend time doing what I love to do.

Unit 9  When was it invented?
Ⅰ、Useful expressions:
1. be used for 用来做
2. light bulb 电灯泡
3. microwave oven 微波炉
4. by mistake 错误的
5. by accident 偶然/意外
6. fall into 落入
7. in this way 这样
8. knock into sb. 撞上某人
9. invent sth. 发明某物
  be (was/were) invented by sb. 被……发明
the most helpful invention 最有用的发明
10. be used for doing = be used to do sth. 用来做某事
used to 过去常常
be used to doing sth. 习惯做某事
   use up 用光
   the use of sth.  …...的用途
11. scoop ice cream 舀冰淇淋
   heated ice cream scoop 舀冰淇淋的勺子
12. shoes with adjustable heels 带有可调整后跟的鞋                               shoes with high heels 高跟鞋
13. battery-operated slippers/sneakers 电动拖鞋
operate on sb. 给某人做手术
operation 手术
14. do sth. by mistake 错误的做某事
   make mistakes in sth. 在某方面犯错误
15. sprinkle salt on sth. 把盐撒在......上面
16. an ancient Chinese legend 一个古老的中国传说
   ancient culture 古代文化
17. boil drinking water 煮开水
18. produce sth. 制造某物
   be produced 被制造
19. pie plate 馅饼盘子
   flying disk 飞碟
20. throw flying disk 扔飞碟
   throw sth. 扔某物
   throw sth. away 把某物扔掉
   throw sth. about 到处乱扔
   throw sth. to sb. 扔给某人
   throw sth. at the dog 朝狗扔……
21. one hundred years = one century 一百年/一世纪
   early in the 21st century 在21世纪初
22. including sth. 包括某事
23. create sth. 创造某物
24. be made from 由......制成(看不出原材料)
   be made of 由......制成(能看出原材料)
25. on a hard wooden floor 在一个坚硬的木制地板上
26. knock into sb. 撞上某人
   knock at the door 敲门
27. divide sth. into 把......分成......部分
28. the aim of sth.  …...的目标
29. get/throw a ball into the basket 把球投入篮筐
   a basket of apples 一篮苹果
30. a metal hoop 一个金属环
31. be shot 被射死
32. tour guide 导游
33. move/run towards 朝......方向移动/跑
34. a developing country 一个发展中国家
   a developed country 一个发达国家
35. the popularity of  …...的流行性
36. rise worldwide 引起全世界广泛传播
37. NBA = National Basketball Association 国家篮球协会
38. equip sth. with sth. 用......来装备
39. in 1891 在1891年
   in the 1891s 在19世纪90年代
40. have a history class 上一节历史课
41. a friend of mine 我的一个朋友
   some partners of mine 我的一些伙伴
42. hand--held calculators 手提计算器
43. play indoors 室内运动
44. create a game 发明一种游戏
45. the safety of  …...的安全
46. fall down 跌倒
47. Its believed that…. 人们相信......
   Its heard that…. 人们听说......
   Its said that.... 据说......
   Its thought that…. 人们认为
48. travel around China  游览中国                   
49. since then 自从那以后
50. notice sth. 注意……
51. the number of  …...的数字 
   a number of sth. = many 许多    
52. dream about of doing sth. 梦想做某事
53. much-loved and active sport 深受人们喜爱的运动 
54. a doctor called/named… 一个名叫......的医生
55. be born in/on 出生于
56. the first basketball game in history 历史上第一场篮球赛         
57. take park in 参加
58. in the dark 在黑暗中  
59. change the style of sth. 改变......的风格 
60. from casual to dressy 从休闲到正式    
61. in a bad mood = be moody 心情糟糕
62. not...until 直到......才
63. be discovered 被发现   
64. oven on open fire 在篝火上的炉
Ⅱ、Sentences:
1、谈论发明:
When was/were… invented?
It was /They were invented in….
Who were they invented by?
They were invented by….
2、谈论用途:
What is/are it/they used for?
They’re used for….
What do you think it is used for?
Well, it gives people….

Unit 10  By the time I got outside, the bus had already left.
Ⅰ、Useful expressions:
1. by the time 到……时候
2. go off 闹响xkb 1. co m
3. run off/run away 跑掉, 离开
4. on time 准时
5. break down 损坏
6. show up 出席, 露面
7. April Fools Day 愚人节
8. set off 激起, 引起
9. get married 结婚
10. a piece of 一片 一块
11. Qomolangma mountain 珠穆朗玛峰
12. by mistake 错误的,失误的
   by the time 到......时候
13. He often oversleeps 他经常睡过头
14. The alarm clock went off just now. 刚才闹钟响了。
15. rush at sb. 朝某人冲奔
   rush out of 冲出……
16. on time 准时
   in time 及时
17. The door is locked. 门被锁上了。
18. break out 爆发
19. feel/be/get exhausted = feel stressed out 筋疲力尽
20. announce sth./that 从句  宣布某事
   Flowers announce that spring is coming.花朵
宣告春天的来临
21. convince sb. of sth. 使某人相信某事
22. set off 激起
   set off = set out 出发/起程
23. reveal a hoax 揭露一个谎言
24. flee-fled-fled 逃离                                           
   flee from + 地点  从某地逃离
   flee away 逃离, 逃跑
25. marry sb.= get/be married to sb. 和某人结婚
26. ask sb. to marry sb. 求婚
27. in ones forties 在某人的四十多岁
28. have a happy ending 有个美好的结局
   have a sad ending 有个悲伤的结局
29. feel embarrassed 感觉尴尬
   an embarrassing thing 一件尴尬的事
30. get up 起床
31. fall asleep 睡着
32. look stressed out 看上去筋疲力尽
33. have a bad morning 有个糟糕的早上
34. first of all 首先
35. get in the shower 洗澡
   = go into the bathroom 洗澡
   get out of the shower 洗完澡
   take a quick show 洗一个快澡
36. get dressed 穿衣
37. run all the way to school 一路跑向学校
38. no wonder 难怪
39. run back to school 跑回学校
40. get outside 出去
41. get to school 到达学校
42. leave ones sth. at + 地点 把某人的某物落在某地
43. make it (to sth.) 来得及做某事
 1) The train will arrive at 10:15.
I think well make it. 及时赶到/到达目的
 2) Weve almost made it. 我们几乎成功
 3) Keep on and youll make it. 坚持就会成功
 4) I think we should make it another time. 约时间                                                         44. be late for school 上学迟到
45. come very close 来的非常紧凑
   be close to sb. 与某人亲密                                                      46. wait for sb. 等待某人
47. come out 出版/出来
48. run off to 迅速离开去
49. start doing sth. 开始做某事
50. in ones car = by car 乘车
51. give sb. a ride 顺便载某人一程
52. the final bell 最后的铃声
53. invite sb. to do sth. 邀请某人做某事
54. stay up late 熬夜到很晚
55. April Fool 傻瓜
56. costume party 服装派对
57. fool sb. 愚弄某人
58. happen to sb. 发生在某人身上
59. change the clock to an hour earlier 调整闹钟提前一个小时
60. stay up all night studying 熬夜学习
61. a radio program 一个广播节目
62. land on the earth 在地球着陆
63. move across 穿过
64. so convinced that… 如此确信以致……
65. hundreds of 成百上千
   thousands of 成千上百
66. across the whole country 遍及整个城市
67. in England 在英格兰
68. no more 不再
69. stop doing sth. 停止做某事
70. run to the local supermarket 跑去当地超市
71. across the country 整个城市
72. TV star 电视明星
73. invite sb. onto ones show邀请…上…的节目
74. be thrilled 非常兴奋
75. want to do sth. 想做某事
76. lose both A and B  失去A和B
Ⅱ、Sentences:
1、询问别人过去的事情:
Have you ever overslept?
Have you ever forgotten to bring your homework to school?
Had the train already arrived by the time you got outside?
How many words had you learned by last term?
2、回答对方提出的以上的问题:
I have ever overslept and been late for school.
When I got to school, I realized I had left my homework at home.
By the time I go outside, the train had already arrived.
I had learned 3000 words by last term.
3、Have you ever forgotten to bring your homework to school?

Unit 11  Could you please tell me where the restrooms are?
Ⅰ、Useful expressions:
1. hang out 闲荡
2. water slide 水滑道
3. hand in 上交
4. buy/sell shampoo 买/卖香波
5. drugstore/book store 药店/书店
furniture store 家具店
music store 音响店
department store 百货商场
6. Chinese Education Department 中国教育部
= the Education Department of China 
7. hang out with sb. 和某人闲荡
8. fresh air/milk/meat 新鲜空气/牛奶/肉
9. be uncrowded/crowded 不拥挤的/拥挤
10. dress up 装饰
get dressed 穿衣服
dress oneself 给自己穿衣服
11. lend sb. sth.= lend sth. to sb. 借某人某物
borrow sth. from sb. 向某人借某物
12. No parking. 不要停车。
13. no wonder 难怪
14. (n.) trouble = problem/matter/difficulty 问题          
What’s the trouble? 有什么问题?
have some trouble (in) doing sth.做某事困难
take some trouble to sb. 给某人带去麻烦
= take sb. some trouble
trouble (v.) sb. 麻烦
15. offend sb. 冒犯
16. hand out = give out 分发
17. buy some stamps 买一些邮票
18. post office 邮电局
19. on Center Street 在中心街
20. on Main Street 在主要街道
21.go past the bank = pass the bank/经过银行
come by = go by (不及物) 经过
22. on the left/right(of) 在……的左边/右边
23. save money 存钱
24. on the second floor 在第二楼
25. between…and… 在……和……之间
in the front of 在……前面(内部)
across from 在……对面
26. go out of the front door 走出前门
27. take a right = turn right 向右转
   turn right onto Oak Street
walk about three blocks 走大约3个街区
28. in Watertown 在水镇
29. take a vacation 度假
30. the world’s largest water slide世界最大水道
31. rock band 摇滚乐队
32. dress up as clowns 打扮成小丑
33. both …and… ……与……都(两者都)
34. take dance lessons 上舞蹈课
35. on the beach 在沙滩上
36. Sports Museum 体育博物馆
Science Museum 科学博物馆
History Museum 历史博物馆
37. exchange A for B  用A换B
38. take the escalator to the second floor
乘电梯去二楼
39. look for 寻找
   look at 朝……看
40. go straight ahead 一直往前走
   go up/down 向下/上走
41. at the corner of 在...…的角落
42. ask for information/help 寻求信息/帮助
43. be common 共同的
   be necessary 必要的
44. visit a foreign country 参观外国
45. similar requests 同样的要求
46. sound rude 听起来粗鲁
47. be polite 有礼貌
48. make requests 提出要求
49. change the way we speak 改变我们说话的方式
50. talk with sb. 与某人谈话
51. depend on 取决于
52. speak/say to 与……讲话
53. on the other hand 另一方面
54. a direct order 一个直接的命令
55. lead in to a question 引入一个问题
56. be sorry to do 遗憾做……
57. It seems that从句…. 是乎……
58. in a way 在一方面
59. in order (not) to do sth. 为了(不)做某事
60. language etiquette 语言礼节
Ⅱ、Sentences:
1、向陌生人询问时的礼节用语:
Excuse me. Can you please tell me where…?
Do you know where I can change my money?
Excuse me. I wonder if you can help me.
I’m sorry to trouble you but….
Do you know if there are any public restrooms around here?
Do you mind…?
2、回答求助:
Oh, sorry, I don’t know.
Of course. / Sure. Go past….
Yes, you’ll find some at….
Oh, let me think. Take the….
3. There be:
  There is / are….
  There was /were….
  There will be….
There is / are going to be….
There have / has been….
There used to be….
There must /may be….
There lies /lives/stands/enters/appears/seems to be….

Unit 12 You’re supposed to shake hands.
Ⅰ、Useful expressions:
1. shake hands 握手
2. drop by ones home 拜访
  = drop in at + 地点
3. after all 毕竟
4. pick up 捡起,拾起,开车接某人
5. make noise 发出不愉快的声音、制造噪音
6. table manners 餐桌礼仪
7. learn by oneself 自学
8. be supposed to do 被期望做某事
  should do 应该做某事
9. greet sb. (in a right/wrong way ) 问侯
10. shake hands (with sb.) 和某人握手
11. different customs 不同的风俗
12. kiss sb. (on the face/cheek/forehead) 亲吻脸/脸颊/前额
13. feel/be relaxed/nervous 觉得轻松/紧张
   have relaxed/strict rules 有松/紧的规则
14. drop by 访问
   visit sb. 拜访x k b1.c o m
   come over 顺便来访
15. the land of sth./watches ……王国
16. after all 毕竟
   first of all 首先
17. point at sb. 指向
18. mind ones (table ) manners 注意……礼仪
(1) eat with hands 用手抓着吃
(2) talk at the table 在餐桌上讲话
(3) pick up ones bowl of rice 端起饭碗
(4) start eating first 先开始吃
(5) wipe one’s mouth with the napkin 用餐巾纸檫嘴                            
(6) make noise while eating 吃时发出声音
(7) stick chopsticks into the food 用筷子插进食物里
(8) point at sb with the chopsticks 用筷子指向某人
(9) eat or drank while walking down the street 边走边喝
(10) put the hands in/on ones lap 把手放在大腿上
(11) say youre full 说吃饱了
(12) sit down from the left side 从右手边坐下
19. be/get used to sb./doing sth. 习惯于
   be used to do sth. 被于用做某事
   used to do sth. 过去常常
20. eat sth. with a fork/knife/spoon/chopsticks 用(餐具)吃
21. feel/be full/hungry/empty 感觉很饱/饿
   be full of sth. = be filled with sth 充满/装满……
22. sth. occur (in sth.) 发生
   happen to sb. 发生在某人身上
23. give sb. compliments 称赞某人
24. toast sb. = make a toast to sb. 向某人敬酒
25. be unfamiliar to sb./sth. 不熟悉某人/某物
   He looks familiar to me.
26. hold the spoon in the left/right hand 用左/右手握餐叉
27. Questions crowded my mind . 我脑袋里充满问题。
be crowded with people 挤满了人
28. take out the rubbish/junk/garbage/litter/trash
把垃圾拿出去
   drop litter about 乱丢垃圾
29. seek sb./sth. 寻找/某人某物
   I seek you. 我找你。
30. e-mail chat line 网上聊天热线
31. have online conversations with friends 和朋友上网聊天
32. type quickly /slowly 打字快慢
33. form good habits 养成好习惯
34. combine sth. to sth. 把…和…结合
35. use punctuation marks 使用标点符号记号
36. show the emotion you are feeling 把你正感觉着的感情表现出来
37. e-mail sb./a friend (v.) 传送电子邮件给某人
   send an e-mail to sb. (n.)
   e-mail English 电子邮件英语
38. write riddles 写迷语
39. learn sth. by oneself 自学
   teach oneself
   teach + sb.+ 学科  教某人学科
40. at the proper/right time 在合适的时间
41. be pleased/happy/pleasant (物) = nice/pleasure
42. cut in line = jump in a queue 插队
   wait in line = wait in a queue 排队等待
43. seat oneself = have a seat = sit down 就坐
44. arrive a bit/a little late 迟到一点点
45. be relaxed about sth. 对某事放松
46. make plans to do sth.= plan to do sth. 计划做某事
47. walk around 随意走, 四处走
48. as many friends as I can/possible 尽可能多的朋友
49. be + 分钟 + late 迟到(多久)
50. get/be angry with sb. 对某人生气
get/be angry at sth. 对某事生气
51. wear a fancy dress 穿一条迷人的裙子
52. make some mistakes 犯错
53. a disaster 一个灾难
54. wear the wrong clothes 穿错衣服
55. be excited about sth. 对某事很激动
56. leave for +目的地  离开去……
57. how to use chopsticks 怎样使用筷子
   how to behave at the dinner table  怎样在餐桌上表现
58. be allowed to do sth. 被允许做sth
59. whats more 而且
60. thanks for 为……感谢
61. exchange program 交换生项目
62. no reason 没有理由
63. host family 房东家
64. be different from 不同于
65. find/feel it + adj.+ to do sth. 发现感觉某事
66. have a good school year 过愉快的一学年
67. older people 长辈
68. eat meals 吃饭
69. give compliments 称赞
70. make appointments 约会
71. give sb. lesson on sth. 给某人上关于……的课
72. be made in + 地点  由某地制造
   be made of/from  由……制成
73. in a western restaurant 在一个西餐厅
74. eat with + 餐具  用……来吃
75. begin with 从……开始
76. hold the spoon in ones left hand 把汤匙放在左手边
77. get/be bored 觉得厌烦
78. cant stop doing sth. 忍不住做某事
79. in the traditional way 用传统的方法
80. make faces 做鬼脸
81. a left/right bracket 左/右括号
82. send a message to sb. on a mobile phone 用手机发短息给某人
83. save time 省时
84. written English 书面英语
Ⅱ、Sentences:
1、向他人请教:
Can you tell me the things I’m supposed to do?
What should I say?
2、给出礼仪建议:
I could give you a little lesson on … if you’d like.
  You shouldn’t /should do….
  The most important thing you need to know is….
  You are not supposed to do….
3、向他人询问:
What are you supposed to do when you meet someone?
  What are you supposed to wear?
  What are people in Korea supposed to do when they meet for the first?
  When were you supposed to arrive?
4. I don’t supposed they all agree with us?
  (suppose + 从句)
5. I guess you should have asked what you were supposed to wear.
6. Often we just walk around the town center, seeing as many of our friends as we.
7. The first thing is to greet the teacher.
8. In Brazil, you should wipe your mouth with your napkin every time you take a drink. (时间状语从句)
9. It’s polite to make noise while eating noodles. (=while you’re eating noodles.)
10. It’s even better than I thought it would be.
11. You can imagine how different the table manners here are from ours.
12. E-mail English mostly uses two types of word.
   Mostly = mainly = generally

Unit 13  Rainy days make me sad.
Ⅰ、Useful expressions:
1. the uses of "make"
(1) make a kite/plane 制作
(2) make money 赚钱
(3) make up ( be made up of ...) 组成
(4) make sure 确定
(5) make friends 交朋友
(6) make faces 做鬼脸
(7) be made of/from 由……制成
(8) make noise 吵闹
(9) make it 及时赶到
(10) make the bed 整理床铺
(11) make a decision = make up ones mind 做决定
(12) make mistakes 犯错
(13) make a speech 作演讲
(14) make breakfast / dinner 煮饭
(15) make a plan 定计划
(16) make a toast to sb. 向某人敬酒
(17) be made in + sp. 由某地制造
 (18) make a living 谋生
 (19) make a conversation with sb. 与某人对话
 (20) make/keep + n. + adj. 使…..怎样
     make me energetic
make him/them relaxed/comfortable
 (21) make sb. do sth. 使某人做某事
 (22) make sb. doing sth. 使某人一直做某事
2. scientific research / study 科学研究
  science (n.) 科学
  scientist (n.) 科学家
3. soft lighting/colors 柔和的光线颜色
4. hard/soft seats 坚硬/柔软的座椅
  hard = difficult 硬/艰难的
  work hard  努力地
5. serve sb./be served by sb. 为某人服务/被服务
6. join a clean-up campaign 参加一个大扫除活动
  president campaign 总统竞选
7. endangered animals 濒危动物
8. look mysterious 看起来神秘
mystery (n.) 神秘
9. have shiny hair 有着一头光亮的头发
10. have silky skin 有如丝般的肌肤
11. lookout sunglasses 太阳镜
12. beauty cream 香皂
13. make sb. confused 使某人困惑
   Some ads are confusing and misleading. 一些广告使人困惑并且误导。
14. mislead sb. to do sth. 误导某人做某事
   lead sb. to do sth. 引导某人做某事
   lead into sth./a question 引入某事/一个问题
15. to start/begin with sth. 作为开始/以……为开端
16. home-made cake/cookie 自制的蛋糕饼干
17. a purple parse 一个紫色的钱包
   a girl in purple 一个穿着紫色衣服的女孩
18. make sb. guilty 使某人有犯罪感
   Receiving money makes me guilty. 收到钱让我觉的有犯罪感。
19. taste good 尝起来很好
   have different taste from sb. 和某人有不同的感受
20. think - thought - thought (v.) 认为
21. restaurant owners 店主
22. stay very long 逗留很久
23. as usual 像往常一样
24. an ad for sth. 一则...…的广告
25. keep out the sun/rain/cold 遮阳/挡雨/御寒
26. Ill bet + ( that ) 从句  我打赌……
27. in the modern world  在现代社会
28. so that = in order to + 不定式  为了/以致
   so ... that ... ( not) = too ...to…  如此…… 以致不能
29. the quality of the product 产品的质量
   look a lot better than 看上去比……好的多
30. at times = sometimes 有时
31. have sales 促销
32. leave sb. a note 给某人留张字条
33. early morning 大清早
34. bring sth. with sb. 随身带……
35. jump out of a plane 跳伞
36. write about 写关于……
37. the art of giving/receiving 给予/接受的艺术
38. buy sb. sth. = buy sth. for sb. 为某人买某物
39. pretend + that 从句  假装……
pretend to do sth. 假装做某事
   pretend to be doing sth. 假装正在做某事
40. take off/put on 脱掉/穿上
41. would rather do sth. 宁愿做某事
   prefer to do sth. 更喜欢做某事
42. have a deep love (for sb. ) 给……深深的热爱
43. true enough 足够真实
Ⅱ、Sentences:
1、想知道别人对某事物的感受:
How do you feel about….
=What do you think of….
=How do you like /find …?
Loud music makes me tense. How about you?
Did you have fun with Amy last night ?
2、表达自己的感受:
Waiting for her made me angry.
Sad movies don’t make me cry.
3、知道对方的感受,表达自己的感受:Me too.
I agree.
Not me.
4. I’d rather go to the Blue Lagoon Restaurant because I like to listen to quiet music while I’m eating.
5. It was so sad that it made us cry.
6. It’s the thought that counts.(强调句)

Unit 14  Have you packed yet?
Ⅰ、Useful expressions:
1. clean out 清除
2. some day = one day 来日/有一天
3. be off = go away 离开
4. so far 到目前为止
5. thousands of 成千上万
hundreds of 成百上千
  millions of 上百亿的
  two hundred people  两百人
6. go for a walk 去散步
  have a walk with sb. 和某人去散步
7. thanks to sb. 多亏了某人
  thank sb. for doing sth. 为……而感谢某人
8. pack sth./your clothes 打包某物/衣服
9. buy/have a city map/street map 买/有一张城市地图/街道地图
10. take/have a bath 洗澡
bathing suit 泳装
11. a suit of clothes 一套衣服
12. travel guidebook 旅游指南
13. clean out the refrigerator/cupboard 洗冰箱/橱柜
   clean up the park 清扫公园
14. put sth. in (to)… 把某物放入……里      
15. store sth. in… 把某物存在……
16. put sth. in the garage 把某物放在车库中
   lock/open the garage 锁/开车库
17. water flower 浇花
18. put sth. in the suitcase  把……放在小提箱里
19. chop wood/trees 砍树/木头
   cut sth. down 砍倒某物
20. light the fire for breakfast 生火做饭
light n. 电灯
light adj. 浅的
lighting 闪电
lighter 打火机
21. collect the water from the well 从井中取水
drink from the well 从井中取水喝
22. live/work on the farm 住在农场/在农场工作
23. sail across the ocean 横渡海洋
24. the Pacific ocean 太平洋
25. make a hit CD/movie 制作一张非常成功的CD/电影
26. appear on TV 在电视上出现
   show up 出现
27. lead singer/actor 主唱/主演
   lead sb. to do sth. 引导某人做某事
28. write a poem 写一首诗
29. It’s one’s turn to do sth. 轮到某人做某事
   do sth. in turns 轮流做某事
turn right/left 向右/左转
30. look for one’s families’ roots 寻找某人家族的根源
   in search of roots 追述根源
   the tall tree of long roots 有很长根的树
31. overseas Chinese 华侨
32. local government 当地政府
33. in southern China 在华南
= in the south of China                  
34. the purpose of sth./doing sth. 做某事的目的
35. step by step 一步一步地
36. look forwards to doing sth. 期待做某事
37. get back to + 地点  回到某地
   get back to sb. =answer the letter
= reply to sb. 给某人回信
38. do chores = do the housework 做家务
   have many chores to do 有许多家务要做
39. do some cleaning/reading 阅读/清扫
   do some shopping = go shopping 购物
40. chat to/with sb 与某人聊天
41. start/begin ding/to do sth. 开始做某事
42. tell sb. about sth. 告诉某人关于某事
43. feed the animals 喂动物
44. in a minute = immediately=at once立即/马上
= right away/now
in a minute = for/after a white 过一会儿
45. be/get for sth/doing sth 准备好做某事
46. write original songs 写新颖的歌
47. win an award of any kind 获得……的奖项
48. go on a beach vacation/a city vacation 海滩/城市旅游
49. turn on/off/up/down 开/关/开大/关小
50. be ready for 为……做准备
be ready to do 准备做……
54. in the last twelve months 在最近12 个月
56. be sure (not) to do 肯定(不)做......
57. go on a world tour 环游世界
58. in the top ten 在前10名
Ⅱ、Sentences:
1、询问他人有关最近事件的问题:
I’m doing a survey about recent events. Can I ask you aome questions?
Have you watered the plants yet?
How long have you been in Beijing?
Have you seen them in the concert hall yet?
2、回答有关最近事件的问题:
Yes. I have already watered them. (= Yes, I have.)
  No, I haven’t.
  I have been in Beijing for two weeks.
  I have seen them in the concert hall lots of times.
3. Don’t miss the New Ocean Waves!
  = You’d better not miss the New Ocean Waves!
4. Do you like pop music? Most people do!
5. Did you know that they give half of the money they made to a charity for homeless children.
6. The program leaders believe strongly in the program and say that purpose of it is to give young overseas Chinese the chance to learn more about themselves.

Unit 15  We’re trying to save the manatees!
Ⅰ、Useful expressions:
1. present progressive 现在进行时
2. present simple 一般现在时
3. passive voices 被动时态
4. present perfect 现在完成时
5. care for 关怀
6. spotted animals/dog 斑点动物/狗
7. in the mangrove swamp 在红树林沼泽地
8. weigh 100 pounds 称100磅
9. lose one’s weigh 减肥
10. be polluted 被污染
11. polluted 被污染的水
12. be suitable for sb. 对某人适合
13. tiny germs 微小的细菌
14. in the cage 在笼子中
15. take good care of sb. 照顾好某人
   look after sb. well 好好照顾某人
care for sb. well
16. urge sb to do sth. 强烈要求某人做某事
17. recycle sth./paper 循环使用纸/某物
18. be built out of sth 由……制造
   be made of/from 由……制成
19. be glued 被胶合
20. discarded tile/kid 被丢弃的瓦片/孩子
   discard sth. 丢弃某物
   be discarded 被丢弃
give up 放弃
21. cola/soda can 可乐/汽水罐头
   a can of beer 一听啤酒
22. the Help Save Our Planet 帮助拯救我们星球的社团
23. be an inspiration to sb. 对某人是一个灵感
24. in one’s spare/free time 在某人空闲时间
25. model plan/toy 模型玩具/飞机
26. raise money for charity 为慈善机构筹钱
27. on business 经商
28. be proud of = take pride in sth. 对……感到自豪
29. aquatic feed 水下生物
30. in the pond 在池塘中
31. There used to be…. 过去常常有…。
32. be endangered 濒临灭绝
   endangered animals 濒临灭绝的动物
33. a number of = a lot of = many/much 许多
the number of  ……的数目(谓语用单数)
34. pass laws to do sth. 通过法律做某事
35. protect sth. 保护某物
36. as you can see 正如你所见
37. ten feet long  10英尺长
   eight meters high  8米高
   1.75 meters tall  1.75米高
twenty meters wide  20米宽
38. be against doing 反对做某事
   be for doing 赞成做某事
Are you for or against? 你赞成还是反对?
39. in one’s life 在某人的一生中
40. be surprised to do 惊奇做……
   be surprised at 吃惊于……
   to one’s surprise 使某人吃惊的是
41. stop doing sth. 停止正在做的事
   stop (doing sth.) to do sth. 停止正在做的事去做另一事
42. wash one’s hair 洗(某人的)头
43. paper towels/napkins 纸巾
   beach towels 沙滩毛巾
44. save electricity 省电
   save money 省钱
   use up all of his savings 用光他的储蓄
45. in a hurry 匆匆忙忙
   hurry up = quickly = be quick 快点
46. be interested in = take an interest in 对……感趣
   interest sb. 引起某人的兴趣/注意力
47. average person 普通人
48. take one’s own bag 带某人自己的包
49. live close to 住得离……很近
   close the door 关门
   The door is closed. 门是关着的。
   be closed to sb. 与某人亲密
   come very close 来得紧迫
50. living textbook 活生生的教材
51. hear of 听说
52. He is the most careful student in the class. 他是班上最认真的学生。
She is a most/very unusual woman. 她是一个非常不寻常的女士。
53. glass bottles 玻璃瓶
54. win an award 赢得一个奖项
55. make/build out of trash 用垃圾制造……
Ⅱ、Sentences:
1、在谈话过程中表明自己的观点:
I think/believe that….
I don’t think so.
I feel that….
I agree/disagree with you.
We really shouldn’t …, you know?
2、在交流过程中向对方提问:
How do you feel about…?
  What are these things you are supposed to do?
Have you heard of…?
3. There used to be a lot of manatees?
4. In 1972, it was discovered that they were endangered.
It + be + adj./n./pp. + that 从句
5. There aren’t many of them left.
 There be sth. doing (主动)/done (被动)

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