Unit 1 Friendship (1) 课题：Friendship (2) 教材分析与学生分析： 本单元的中心话题是“友谊”，几乎所有的内容都是围绕这一中心话题展开的。Warming Up部分以调查问卷的形式引导学生了解日常生活中朋友之间发生的真实问题以及解决这些问题的方法；Pre-Reading部分的几个问题启发学生对“友谊”和“朋友”进行思考，使学生明确不仅人与人之间可以做朋友，日记也可以成为人们的朋友；Reading部分Anne’s Best Friend以日记形式讲述了犹太女孩安妮的故事；Comprehending部分通过连句、多项选择和问答形式帮助学生对课文内容、细节进行更深入的理解; Using about Language 部分教学本课重点词汇和重点语法项目。 (3) 课时安排：The first period: Speaking: Warming Up and Pre-Reading The second period： <!--?xml:namespace prefix = st1 ns = "urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:smarttags" /-->ReadingThe third period: Grammar The forth Period：Listening The fifth period: Writing (4)教学目标： ① 知识与技能：Talk about friends and friendship; Practise talking about agreement and disagreement, giving advice and making decisions; Use direct speech and indirect speech; Learn to write an essay to express and support an opinion. ② 过程与方法：本单元在读前阶段就提出问题，让学生思考是不是只有人与人之间才能交朋友，然后在阅读中通过安妮的日记向学生说明我们也可以与动物及无生命的日记交朋友。在深刻理解、充分训练的基础上，可以再引导学生深入讨论几个与本单元话题有关的问题：1.描述朋友； 2. 结交网友；3. 观点交流；4. 善不善交朋友; 5. 朋友的重要性。 ③ 情感态度与价值观：学完本单元后要求学生进行自我评价，主要评价自己在本单元中的学习情况。对书中的内容是否感兴趣，有哪些收获，解决了什么问题。使学生加深对友谊、友情的理解，以及如何正确交友，处理朋友之间发生的问题等。 (5) 教学重点和难点： 词汇：add point upset ignore calm concern cheat share reason list series crazy nature purpose dare thunder entirely power according trust suffer advice situation communicate habit 短语： add up calm down have got to be concerned about go through hide away set down on purpose in order to face to face according to get along with fall in love join in 重点语法项目： 直接引语和间接引语的互相转换 难点：Understand the real meaning of friends and friendship; Discuss the answers to the questions (Reading); How to teach the Ss to master the usage of Direct Speech and Indirect Speech(Statement and Questions). (6) 教学策略： Discussion, Student-centered vocabulary, learning, listening, pair work, teach grammar in real situation (7) 教学煤体设计： A projector and a tape recorder. (8) 教学过程：详见以下分课时教学设计。 (9) 课堂练习与课外作业设计： 穿插于分课时教学设计中 （10）教学反思或值得改进的地方： 见每个课时最后部分。
Period One：Speaking （Warming Up and Pre-Reading） Aims Talk about friends and friendship. Practise talking about agreement and disagreement. Step I Revision Ask some of the students to read his / her composition for the class, describing one of the problems between friends and how it is solved. Then give some comments. T: Now, lets check up your homework for last class. Id like some of you to read his / her composition for the class, describe one of the problems between friends and how it is solved. Step II Warming up T: / think most of us have some good friends. Do you know why people make friends with one another? Step III Talking(WB P41) First get the students to listen to what a Canadian say about making friends. Then ask them to discuss the two questions. T: Now were going to listen to what Leslie Clark, a Canadian has got to say about making friends. After listening, please talk about the two questions in groups of 4. Try to use the following expressions. 1 Do you agree with her? 找教案 http://www.zhaojiaoan.com 2 What do you think of people from foreign countries? Agreement Disagreement I think so, I dont think so. I agree. I dont agree Thats correct. Of course not. Thats exactly my opinion. Im afraid not. Youre quite right. I dont think you are right. Step IV Speaking(B P6) First, get the students to think of four situations among friends in groups of 4 and design a questionnaire to find out what kind of friends their classmates are. Second, try it out on their own group, checking the questionnaire through and adding up their score and see how many points they can get. Ask them to fill in the form prepared before class. Show the instructions and decide what kind of friends their classmates are. Third, ask each student to stand up and walk around the classroom to make a survey on four of other classmates. Show the instructions and decide what kind of friends other classmates are. They can share your questionnaire with one or two other groups and try each others questionnaires. At last, show the instructions to help your classmates to know how to improve his or her skills of making good friends with others if necessary. T: Friends come in many flavors. There are best friends, school friends, fair-weather friends, forever friends and many more. Do you want to know what kind of friends your classmates are? Now lets make a survey. First, please think of four situations among friends and design a questionnaire to find out what kind of friends your classmates are. 1. Your friend borrowed 100 Yuan from you last week and hasnt returned it. You will A. ask him / her to pay back as soon as possible; or youll end the friendship. B. ask him / her to pay back if he / she has. C. tell him / her not to return it. 2. Your friend said your bad words behind you. You will A. ask him / her to say sorry to you , or youll stop your friendship. B. excuse him / her and forget it. C. ask others to tell him / her that he/she is wrong. 3. You promised to meet your friend at five oclock but your parents ask you to do homework at home. You will A. tell him your parents ask you to do homework at home. B. tell him / her a lie that you are ill. C. say sorry to him / her and plan to meet him / her another time. 4. You borrowed a bike from your friend, but you had it stolen. You will A. buy a new one which is the same as his / hers. B. just tell him / her you had it stolen. C. say sorry to him/her and buy him/her an old one After they finish choosing the answers, show the scoring sheet on the screen.
The second period:ReadingAims: 1. to master the new words and some useful expressions. 2. to understand the text and finish the exercises in Comprehending. Step 1. Looking and guessing Work in pairs. Look at the pictures and the heading and guess what the text might be about. 1). Imagine what it might be like if you had to stay in your bedroom for a whole year. You could not leave it even to go to the WC or to get a cup of tea. How would you feel? 2). What would you choose if you are only allowed to have five things with you in the hiding place because there is very little room? Step 2 Reading to summarise the main idea of each paragraph. Skim the text and summarise the main idea of each paragraph in one sentence.
|Para. One: Anne made her diary her best friend whom she could tell everything. 找教案 http://www.zhaojiaoan.com|
Para. Tw Anne’s diary acted as her true friend during the time she and her family had to hide away for a long time.
Para. Three: Having been kept indoors for so long, Anne grew so crazy about everything to do with nature.
eg: The fire is going out; will you add some wood? The snowstorm added to our difficulties.
Add up these figures for me, please. 2. ignore v. to take no notice of; refuse to pay attention to eg: His letters were ignored. Even the best of men ignored that simple rule. My advice was completely ignored. 3. concern v. 使担心;使不安 (+about/for); 涉及,关系到;影响到
eg: The boys poor health concerned his parents.
He is concerned for her safety.
The news concerns your brother. He was very concerned about her. 4. loose adj. not firmly or tightly fixed. She wore loose garments in the summer. I have got a loose tooth. Some loose pages fell out of the book. 5. purpose n. [C] an intention or plan; a person’s reason for an action. What is the purpose of his visit?
The purpose of a trap is to catch and hold animals. Did you come toLondonto see your family, or for business purpose? 6. series n. (of) a group of things of the same kind or related in some way, coming one after another or in order. Then began a series of wet days that spoiled our vacation. This publishing firm is planning a new series of school textbooks. They carried out a series of experiments to test the new drug. 7. cheat. 1) v. to behave in a dishonest way in order to win an advantage; 2) n. a person who cheats; dishonest persons They cheated the old woman of her house and money.
The salesman cheated me into buying a fake.
He never cheated in exams. I see you drop that card, you cheat! I never thought that Sam is a cheat. 8. share 1)vt.&vi. (inwith amountbetween) to have, use or take part in something with others or among a group. 2) n. (inof) the part belongs to, owed to or done by a particular person.
The money was shared out between them.
Sam and I share a room.
We shared in his joy.
They always share their happiness and sorrow.
I have done my share of the work.
9. crazy adj. 1) mad ; foolish 2) [+about] wildly excited; very interested
Youre crazy to go out in this stormy weather.
Johns crazy about that girl.
She is just crazy about dancing.
10. dare v.& v.aux.. 1) + to do; 2) + v
to be brave enough or rude enough (to do sth. dangerous, difficult or unpleasant).
How dare you accuse me of lying!
How dare you ask me such a question?
My younger sister dare not go out alone.
He did not dare to leave his car there.
11. trust 1) n. [U] (in) form believe in the honesty, goodness or worth etc, of someone or something
2) v. to believe in the honesty and worth of someone or something; have confidence in I have no trust in him. I don’t place any trust in the government’s promises.
Why do you trust a guy like him?
I trust your wife will soon get well.
12. suffer v. (for) to experience pain, difficulty or loss I cannot suffer such rudeness.
He suffered from poverty all his life. My father suffers from high blood pressure. They suffered a great deal in those days.
→v. advise to give advice to
I want your advice, sir. I dont know what to do.
I asked the doctor for her advice.
I f you take my advice, you won’t tell anyone about this.
He gave them some good sound advice.
14. communicate v. 1) (to) to make (opinions, feelings, information etc. ) known or understood by others. e.g. by speech, writing or body movements;
2) (with) to share or exchange opinions, feelings, information etc.
Our teacher communicates his idea very clearly.
He had no way to communicate with his brother.
Did she communicate my wishes to you?
We learn a language in order to communicate.
Deaf people use sign language to communicate.
15. calm 1) adj. free from excitement, nervous activity or strong feelings; quiet
2) n. [U] peace and quiet
3) v. to make calm
You must try to be calm.
The high wind passed and the sea was calm again.
The police chief advised his men to stay keep calm and not lose their tempers. There was a calm on the sea.
She calmed the baby by giving him some milk.
We calmed the old lady down.
Useful expressions: 1. add up to join (numbers or amounts ) so as to find the total.
Add up 3, 4 and 5 and youll get 12.
Add up your score and see how many points you can get.
If we add these marks up, well get a total of 90.
2. calm down
to make or become calm
Calm down, sir. Whats the trouble?
Just calm down, there’s nothing to worry about!
We tried to calm him down, but he keep shouting.
3. be concerned about with
to worry or interest
My parents are concerned about my studies.
Don’t concern yourself about with other people’s affairs.
She’s concerned about his son’s future.
4. go through
1) to suffer or experience; 2) to look at or examine carefully;
3) to pass through or be accepted
The country has gone through too many wars.
The new law did not go through.
Let’s go through it again, this time with the music.
5. set down
1) to make a written record of; write down 2) put down
I have set down everything that happened.
I will set down the story as it was told to me.
Please set me down at the next corner.
6. a series of + pl. & n 做主语时，谓语动词用单数
There has been a series of car accidents at the crossing.
These days I have read a series of articles on reading.
A series of TV play is on Channel 1 these days.
7. on purpose
intentionally; with a particular stated intention
He did it on purpose.
“I am sorry I stepped on your toe; it was an accident.” “It wasn’t! You do it on purpose.”
I came here on purpose to see you.
8. according to
as stated by sb. or sth.
They divided themselves into three groups according to age. Please arrange the books according to size. According to the Bible, Adam was the first man. According to her, grandfather called at noon. 9. fall in love begin to be in love (with sb.) They fell in love at once; it was love at first sight. What will he do if his daughter falls in love with a poor man? They fell in love with each other for years.
10. join in
to take part in (an activity)
They are going to join in the singing.
She started dancing and we all joined in.
Would you like to join in my birthday party? 课后反思：本节课分层教学，在阅读课文，理解课文的基础上进行课文知识点的细致处理。需要改进的地方：单词短语部分讲解过多，占了很多时间，可以将其改为课后练习的形式。在以后的教学中要注意改进。
Period 3： Grammar Step I Revision Check students homework. Step II Word study This part is a consolidation of the words learnt in this unit. Ask the students to do the exercise independently. T: Now please open your books and turn to Page 4. First lets learn about language. Use the word theyve learnt in this unit to fill in the blanks. Complete the sentences with suitable words in correct forms. Step III Preparation Get a pair of students to stand up and act as Anne and Kitty. Its time for the teacher to be the interpreter between them. Encourage both sides to give different sentences, including statements and questions. Step IV Grammar The students will learn the use of Direct Speech and Indirect Speech (statements and questions). First try to make clear to the students what direct and indirect speech is, with the help of the practice in Step III. Then give them some examples. At last get them to summarize the rules of Direct Speech and Indirect Speech (statements and questions). T: In this part, we are to learn the use of Direct Speech and Indirect Speech (statements and questions). When do we use Direct Speech and when do we use Indirect Speech? Step V Practice For Ex 1, get the students to look at the sentences carefully in pairs in order to find out the difference between direct speech and indirect speech. Guide the students to find out the changes in pronoun forms, word order, adverbials and so on, especially the verb tenses, the underline parts. Ask the students to pay attention to the reporting clause. For Ex 2, ask the students to do it by themselves, then check. Step VI Homework 1. Practice of WB (P42.1 &P 43.2) 2. Ask the students to think out different ways to solve the problems about making friends, preparing the materials about the debate. Get the students to know the problem was that Anne had made a friend in the hiding place the son of another family hiding with them, but her father was not happy about this. The topic is: how do you help to solve the problem between Anne and her father. Do you agree with Anne or her father? Use specific reasons to support your solutions.
Period 4: Listening Step I Revision After checking the WB Exx, the teacher asks the students to read the letter on Page 6 first, and then ask them to discuss what was upsetting Lisa. T: Here is a letter written to Miss Wang of radio by Lisa. Read the letter, please. Try to find out what was upsetting her with your partners, using the indirect speech. S: Lisa made a friend with a boy in her class. But her classmates said they fell in love. Lisa said she didnt want to end the friendship. Lisa asked what she should do. Step II Listening (Using language) The students will hear what Miss Wang says, then ask the students to answer the questions, using the indirect speech. At last, get them to spell out the words and fill in the blanks. T: OK, weve already known the Lisas problems on making friends. Miss Wang has suggested some possible solutions. Please look at page 6. We re going to listen to what Miss Wang says, and then answer the questions of Ex 2. Go through the questions quickly. Write down the key words as quickly as possible. Listen again and check the answers with the whole class. T: Now lets listen to it again and try to spell out the words and fill in the blanks. Step III Listening (WB P41) The students will hear a passage about Annes best friend, her diary Kitty. They are asked to complete the passage according to the tape. T: In the following part, we are going to listen to a passage about Annes diary. Listen to the tape carefully and fill in the blanks. Listen to it again and check the answers with the whole class. Step IV Listening Task(WB P43) The task can be divided into three parts. First, the students will hear a story about an argument between Anne and her father about her boyfriend. After listening, they just write down their different thoughts. Then they can have a debate to find out a better solution to solve Anne and her fathers problem. The activity should be prepared carefully beforehand. During the class, the two teams just do the final preparations. StepV Assignment 1. Today we have learnt how to solve the problems on making friends. For the homework, describe one of the problems between friends and how it is solved. 2. What does cool mean? What do you think should do with your friends?
Period 5: WRITING Step I Revision Check the homework, asking them to read out their ideas for the class. T: Lets check the homework. Id like some of you to read out their ideas. For the class. Volunteer! Step II Warming up T: Have you ever read The 21st Century ? S: Yes, I have. Its a popular paper among teenagers inChina. T: If you have any problem, you can write to the editor and ask for advice. Here is a letter from a student. Step lII Writing (B P7) This part asks the students to write their advice to Xiao Dong as an editor. First, let the students to discuss how to write a letter to offer some advice with their partners. Second, teacher shows the instructions on how to write a proposal letter on the screen. Third, ask the students to read the letter on Page 7. Ask them to discuss what Xiao Dongs problem is and what is the solution they can offer in groups of 4, with the help of the points given on the books. Fourth, give them ten minutes to write the letter. At last, ask some of the students to read their letters for the class while the teacher gives some comments. T: Today were going to write your advice to Xiao Dong as an editor. Do you know how to write a proposal letter? Now, lets have a discussion on it with your partners. Students are talking about how to write a proposal letter. T: Whod like to answer this question? S: The problem should be presented first. Then we must analyze the reasons to cause the problem. Proposing the solution must be the main, which should be well explained. T: Exactly. The discussion of the solution itself, based on the analysis of the problem, is the core of a proposal. Ill give you some instructions about how to write the body part of a proposal letter as follows. T: AH right, lets read the letter on Page 7. And try to find out what Xiao Dongs problem is and what is the solution they can offer in groups of 4, with the help of the points given on the books.
|Step||What should be written||How do we write|
|part I||Presenting the problem||Introducing the topic and analyzing the problem|
|Part II||Proposing the solution||Explaining the proposal in great detail|
|Part III||Conclusion||Concluding by reconfirming the proposed solution|
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