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高一英语 Unit2 English Around the World period2教案

高一英语Unit2 English Around the World period2教案

(Indirect Speech (II) requests & commands)

Aims

To discover useful words and expressions

To discover useful structures

 

Procedures

I. Direct andIndirect Speech

 

 

Direct Speech

Indirect Speech 

simple present
He said, “Igo to school every day.” 

simple past
He said (that) hewent to school every day. 

simple past
He said, “Iwent to school every day.” 

past perfect
He said (that) hehad gone to school every day. 

present perfect
He said, “Ihave gone to school every day.” 

past perfect
He said (that) hehad gone to school every day. 

present progressive
He said, “Iam going to school every day.” 

past progressive
He said (that) hewas going to school every day. 

past progressive
He said, “Iwas going to school every day.” 

perfect progressive
He said (that) hehad been going to school every day, 

future (will)
He said, “Iwill go to school every day.” 

would + verb name
He said (that) hewould go to school every day. 

future (going to)
He said, “Iam going to school every day.”

present progressive
He said (that) heis going to school every day. 

past progressive
He said (that) hewas going to school every day 

Direct Speech

Indirect Speech

auxiliary + verb name
He said, “Do you go to school every day?”
He said,“Where do you go to school?” 

simple past
He asked meif I went to school every day.*
He asked mewhere I went to school. 

imperative
He said, “Go to school every day.” 

infinitive
He saidto go to school every day. 

  

Direct Speech

Indirect Speech

simple present + simple present
Hesays, “Igo to school every day.” 

simple present + simple present
Hesays (that) he goes to school every day. 

present perfect + simple present
Hehas said, “Igo to school every day.” 

present perfect + simple present
Hehas said (that) hegoes to school every day. 

past progressive + simple past
Hewas saying, “Iwent to school every day.” 

past progressive + simple past
Hewas saying (that) hewent to school every day. 

past progressive + past perfect
Hewas saying (that) hehad gone to school every day. 

 

Direct Speech

Indirect Speech

can
He said, “Ican go to school every day.” 

could
He said (that) hecould go to school everyday. 

may
He said, “Imay go to school every day.” 

might
He said (that) hemight go to school every day. 

might
He said, “Imight go to school every day.” 

 

must
He said, “Imust go to school every day.” 

had to
He said (that) hehad to go to school every day. 

have to
He said, “Ihave to go to school every day.” 

 

should
He said, “Ishould go to school every day.” 

should
He said (that) heshould go to school every day. 

ought to
He said, “Iought to go to school every day.” 

ought to
He said (that) heought togo to school every day. 

II. Discovering useful words and expressions

1. Work in pairs. Do exercises 1, 2, 3 and 4. Then check the answer you’re your classmates. The teacher helps the students discover the difference in prepositions.

2. Play the tape for the students to listen and ask them to mark the sentence stress and intonation. Then practice reading in pairs.

(The teacher brings the students’ attention to the British and American words that are different but have the same meaning.)

III. Discovering useful structures

(Making commands and requests using indirect speech)

1. In groups of four, think of at least three commands your teachers and parents usually give.

You may follow these steps.

1) Choose one who is to give the first command.

2) Ask another person in your group to tell somebody what you said.

3) The third person will change the request or command from direct into indirect speech.

4) Change role so that each person gets the chance to give commands and turn them into indirect speech.

Example:  

T: Please don’t talk in class.

S1: What did our teacher tell us? / What did our teacher say?

 S2: He told/asked us not to talk in class. / She said not to talk in class.

2. Get the students thinking about the difference between the request and command.

Then read the replies and decide whether they are in answer to a request or a command. Write the sentence down.

★ A: _______________________________________

B: I’ll go and collect some wood right now, master.

★ A: _______________________________________

B: Of course I’ll be happy to collect your shopping for you.

★ A:__________________________________________

B: Yes. I’ll shut the door at once, Mr. Zhang.

★ A:_________________________________________

B: No, I won’t get your coat if you talk to me like that.

★ A:_________________________________________

B: Sorry. I’ll get that book for you right now.

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