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高一英语 Unit2 English Around the World period4教案

高一英语 Unit2 English Around the World period4教案

Section 1: Approaches to process writing 程序写作教学法

I. Pre-writing

1. Brainstorming

Getting started can be difficult, so students divided into groups quickly produce words and ideas about the writing.

2. Planning

Students make a plan of the writing before they start. These plans can be compared and discussed in groups before writing takes place.

3. Generating ideas

Discovery tasks such as cubing (Students write quickly about the subject in six different ways. 1. describe it 2. compare it 3. associate it 4. analyse it 5. apply it 6. argue for or against it.)

 

4. Questioning

In groups, the idea is to generate lots of questions about the topic. This helps students focus upon audience as they consider what the reader needs to know. The answers to these questions will form the basis to the composition.

5. Discussing and debating

The teacher helps students with topics, helping them develop ideas in a positive and encouraging way.

II. Focusing ideas

1. Fast writing

The students write quickly on a topic for five to ten minutes without worrying about correct language or punctuation. Writing as quickly as possible, if they cannot think of a word they leave a space or write it in their own language. The important thing is to keep writing. Later this text is revised.

2. Group compositions

Working together in groups, sharing ideas. This collaborative writing is especially valuable as it involves other skills (speaking in particular).

3. Changing viewpoints

A good writing activity to follow a role-play or storytelling activity. Different students choose different points of view and think about /discuss what this character would write in a diary, witness statement, etc.

4. Varying form

Similar to the activity above, but instead of different viewpoints, different text types are selected. How would the text be different if it were written as a letter, or a newspaper article, etc.

III. Evaluating, structuring and editing

1.Ordering

Students take the notes written in one of the pre-writing activities above and organize them. What would come first? Why? Here it is good to tell them to start with information known to the reader before moving onto what the reader does not know.

2. Self-editing

A good writer must learn how to evaluate their own language ─ to improve through checking their own text, looking for errors, structure. This way students will become better writers.

3. Peer Editing and proofreading

Here, the texts are interchanged and the evaluation is done by other students. In the real world, it is common for writers to ask friends and colleagues to check texts for spelling, etc. You could also ask the students to reduce the texts, to edit them, concentrating on the most important information.

4. The importance of feedback

It takes a lot of time and effort to write, and so it is only fair that student writing is responded to suitably. Positive comments can help build student confidence and create good feeling for the next writing class. It also helps if the reader is more than just the teacher. Class magazines, swapping letters with other classes, etc. can provide an easy solution to providing a real audience.

5. Writing as communication

Process writing is a move away from students writing to test their language towards the communication of ideas, feelings and experiences. It requires that more classroom time is spent on writing, but as the previously outlined activities show, there is more than just writing happening during a session dedicated to process writing.

6. Potential problems

Writing is a complex process and can lead to learner frustration. As with speaking, it is necessary to provide a supportive environment for the students and be patient. This approach needs that more time be spent on writing in class, but as you have seen, not all classroom time is spent actually writing. Students may also react negatively to reworking the same material, but as long as the activities are varied and the objectives clear, then they will usually accept doing so. In the long term, you and your students will start to recognise the value of a process writing approach as their written work improves.

Section 2: Background information on English Around the World

I. British English, American English and Chinese

Cars and Driving

British English

American English

Chinese

car park

parking lot  

停车场

driving license

driver's license

驾照

flyover  

overpass

天桥

four way

crossroads

十字路口

hire car

rental car  

租用车

motorway

freeway(Western U.S.)

expressway (Eastern U.S.)

高速公路

petrol

gasoline(gas)

汽油

tyre

tire

轮胎

windscreen

windshield

挡风玻璃

Food

British English

American English

Chinese

biscuit

cookie

饼干

chips

French fries

炸土豆片

crisps

potato chips

油炸土豆片

jacket potato

baked potato

带皮烤的马铃薯

jam

jelly  

mince  

hamburger

碎牛肉;牛肉

porridge  

oatmeal

稀饭

pudding

dessert

布丁;甜点

sweet

dessert

餐后甜点

tin

can

罐头

Others

British English

American English

Chinese

autumn

fall  

秋天  

bill

check

清单

bin liner

trash bag

垃圾袋

botanic garden

botanical garden

植物园

braces

suspenders

吊裤带;吊杆

charity

non-profit organization

慈善机构

chemist’s

pharmacy/drug store

药店

cinema  

movie theater, theater

电影院

coach

bus

长途汽车

DIY

do it yourself

自己动手做

dustbin

trash can

垃圾箱

engaged (as in telephone)

busy

(电话)占线

fee (for schooling)

tuition

学费

fit (verb)

equip, fit out

安装

flat  

apartment   

单元住宅

football

soccer  

足球

freephone

toll-free

免费电话

toll-free

dress (noun)

外衣;服装

gents

men’s room

男厕

headmaster

principal

男厕

hire (hire a car)

rent (rent a car)

租借

holiday

vacation

假日

ill

sick

有病的

in future   

in the future

未来,将来

in hospital  

in the hospital

住院

join the train

get on the train   

上火车

jumper

sweater

毛线衫

licence (noun)  

license

执照

lift

elevator

电梯

lorry

truck

卡车

maths

math

数学

nil

zero

note

bill

纸币

on stream    

on line

在生产中

post

mail

邮件

queue

line

长队

railway

railroad

铁路

return

round trip

返程

rise (noun - in salary)

raise

加薪

rubber

eraser

橡皮擦

rucksack

backpack

背包

shopping trolley

shopping car

购物手推车

“sorry”    

“excuse me”, “pardon me”

对不起

stand (for election)

run (for election)

竞选

swear word  

curse word

咒语

subway

underpass

餐巾

subway

underpass

地下道;地铁

tea towel

dish towel

餐巾

telephone box

telephone booth

电话亭

toilet  

restroom

厕所

torch

flashlight

火炬

trainers

sneakers

运动鞋

transport (noun)

transportation

运输

trousers

pants

裤子

trolley

cart

手推车

tube   

subway  

地铁

underground

subway

地铁

vest

undershirt

背心

waistcoat

vest

马甲

II. Different English, different spellings

American English

theater, center, liter

color, honor, labor, favor, vapor

traveler, woolen

skillful, fulfill

check

program

story

realize, analyze, apologize

defense, offense, license

burned

dreamed

smelled

spelled

spoiled

British English

theatre, center, litre

colour, honour, labour, favour, vapour

traveler, woolen

skilful, fulfil

cheque

programme

storey

realise, analyse, apologise

defence, offence, licence

burnt/burned

dreamt/dreamed

smelt/smelled

spelt/spelled

spoilt/spoiled

III.Websites recommended to the students 推荐网站

www.e-l-e.net.cn           www.bg-map.com

www.esl.about.com         www.english-zone.com

www.effingpot.com         www.topics-mag.com

Going to any of the websites may enable the students to learn more about the differences between American English and British English.

 

Section 3: Words and expressions from Unit 2 English Around the World 

Include 1. v. to be one of the parts; to make something or someone part of a larger group: Our tour party included several retired couples. The team is looking strong; especially now they have included Beckham. 2. including & included: Everyone has to go to the dentist’s, you included. There were twelve of us, including Tom and me.

role: n. 1. the character played by an actor in a play or film; the position that someone has in society or an organization: Matthews plays the role of a young doctor in the film. Women are often forced into a supportive role in the family. 2. play a leading/major/key role in=be important in making changes happen: Mandela played a leading role in ending apartheid in South Africa.

because of=as the result of a particular thing or someone’s action: He had to retire because of ill health. c.f. She got the job because she was the best candidate.

native: 1. adj. your native country or town is the place where you were born: They never saw their native land again. 2. native language/tongue: the language you spoke when you first learned to speak. 3. n. a person who was born in a particular place:Are you a native of New York?

come up: 1. to be mentioned:A lot of new questions came up at the meeting. 2. to be about to happen soon:Don’t you have a birthday coming up soon? 3. to move near someone or something by walking: Come up to the front of the room so everyone can see you.

Other verbal phrases of “come”

come about=to happen in a way that seems impossible to control;

come across= to meet or find something or someone by chance;

come along=get along; to appear at a time you don’t expect; to encourage sb. to try harder;

come by=to obtain something that is difficult to find; come up with=to think of an idea;

(The small word “come” has many phrasal verbs. It is better to ask the students to refer to a good dictionary.)

present: adj. 1. be present: a) to be in a particular place: How many people were present at the meeting yesterday?(opposite of “ absent”) b) to be remembered for a long time: The memory of the disaster last year is still present in her mind. 2. (only before noun) existing now: What’s your present address? c.f. What he said amused all the people present.

such as: used to give an example of something; such…as/that: used to emphasize that there is a small amount of something or that it is of good quality: The local economy still relies on traditional industries such as farming and mining. c.f. Such food as they gave us was warm and nutritious.

Command: 1. vi & vt. to tell someone officially to do something, esp. if you are a military leader or a king to get something such as attention or respect: The general commanded that the regiment (should) attack at once. Or The General commanded the regiment to attack at once. Dr. Young commands a great deal of respect as a surgeon. 2. get/ have a good command of English=to get/have a good mastery of English.

request: 1. vt. to ask for something politely or formally request that (should) + v/ request sb. to do sth.: The staff requested that he reconsider his decision. All club members are requested to attend the annual meeting. 2. n. a polite demand for something: They have made a urgent request for international aid.

recognize: vt. 1. to know who someone is or what something is, because you have ever seen them or it before: Susan came home so thin and weak that her own children hardly recognized her. 2. to accept that an organization has legal or official authority: British medical qualifications are recognized in Canada. 3. be recognized as= to be thought of as being very good by a lot of people: Jules Verne’s novel was recognized as a work of genius.

 

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