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高一英语 Unit3 Travel journal教案

高一英语Unit3 Travel journal教案
PartOne: Teaching Design 
Period 1:A sample lesson plan for reading

(JOURNEY DOWN THE MEKONG)

Aims

To talk about traveling

To read about traveling

Procedures

I.Warming up

1.Warming up by discussing

Good morning, class. Do you like traveling? Why do you like traveling? And why not? Where have you ever been before? How did you get there? If you are given a chance to travel around the world, what kind of transportations will you use and why? Now look at the following pictures and discuss it in pairs.

Name of the transportations

Means of transportation

Reasons

 

by car (in a car)

 

 

 

by bike

 

 

by plane (by air)

 

 

by train ( on a train)

 

 

by bus ( on a bus)

 

 

by ship (by water or by boat)

 

 

in a hot balloon

 

 

by motorbike (on a motorbike)

 

 

by jeep

 

 

by truck

 

 

in a plate

 

2. Warming up by looking and speaking

Now boys and girls, what do you need to take with you if you are preparing for a bike trip along the Changjiang River? Look at the pictures and tell the whole class which object you think is the most useful and which one is the least useful. Give a reason why you think so.

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3. Warming up by asking and answering

Now suppose you live in Qinghai. You plan to spend a holiday with a friend somewhere in Southeast Asia. You have been given a chance to choose three places to visit. Please find out the one-way fare to get there for different kinds of transportation. Perhaps you may not know the exact fare, but you can guess how much the fare is. Please have a short discussion with your partners and then decide where to go.

Ok, now I’d like you to ask your partner the following questions.

 

 

 

 

 

 

II. Pre-reading

1. Imaging and sharing

Do you like traveling along a river, a great river?  What role does a river play in people’s life? In other words, how do people who live along a river use it?

The suggested answers:

People can drink the water in a river or wash their clothes.

People can swim in a river in summer.

People can use a river to irrigate their fields.

People can use a river to produce electricity.

People can travel along a river.

2. Talking and sharing

As we all know, there are a lot of rivers in the world and also there are many great rivers. Now look at the chart. In the left column are names of some great rivers. In the right column are locations where the rivers lie. Please match them.    

match

 

answer

 Names of River

Location

Names of River

Location

Mekong

India

Mekong

China,SE Asia

Rhine

France

Rhine

Germany

Ganges

Russia

Ganges

India

Seine

England

Seine

France

Nile    

Central Africa

Nile    

Egypt

Thames

Germany

Thames

England

Congo

Brazil

Congo

Central Africa

Niger

China,SE Asia

Niger

West Africa

Volga

US

Volga

Russia

Danube

Egypt

Danube

Central Europe

Amazon

West Africa

Amazon

Brazil

Mississippi

Central Europe

Mississippi

US

 

III. Reading

1. Reading aloud to the recording

Do you know what countries the Mekong River flows through? Now look at the map of the Mekong River and point out the countries it flows through. 

 

(China, Laos, Thailand, Cambodia, Burma Vietnam)

Ok, today we’re going to read a passage about JOURNEY DOWN THE MEKONG. Please listen and read aloud about the recording of the text JOURNEY DOWN THE MEKONG. Pay attention to the pronunciation of each word and the pauses within each sentence. I will play the tape twice and you shall read aloud twice, too.

2. Reading and underlining

Now please read and underline all the useful expressions or collocations in the passage. Copy them to your notebook after class as homework.

Collocations from JOURNEY DOWN THE MEKONG

dream about, take a great bike trip, graduate from, got the chance to do sth., cycle along the river, go for long bike rides, mountain bike, persuade sb. to do sth., grow up, get sb. interested in sth., be stubborn, know the best way of getting to places, the source of the river, care about, give sb. a determined look, change one’s mind, at an altitude of, seem to do, the air be hard to breathe, an interesting experience, make up ones mind, give in, a large atlas with good maps, keep doing sth., at first, pass through, be surprised to do sth., half of, at last, the South China Sea  

3.Reading aloud and understanding

Next we are going to read aloud the text and then answer some questions.

1) Who are Wang Kun and Wang Wei? (They are brother and sister, and both are college students.)

2) What was their dream? (Their dream was to take a great bike trip.)

3) Who are Dao Wei and Yu Hang? (They are Wang Kun’s cousins who are at a college in Kunming.)

4) Where is the source of the Mekong River and which sea does it enter?(The source of the river is in Qinghai Province and it enters the South China Sea.)

5) What can you see when you travel along the Mekong?(You can see glacier, rapids, hill, valleys, waterfalls and plains.)

6) Is it a difficult journey to cycle along the Mekong? Why? (Yes. The journey begins at an altitude of more than 5,000 meters, where it is hard to breathe and very cold.)

4. Discussing

We have got the general meaning of the passage, and we know Wang Wei and Wang Kun have some similar and different attitudes about the trip. You may have a short discussion with your partners and then fill in the chart.

Similar attitudes about the trip

Different attitudes about the trip

Both Wang Wei and Wang Kun thinks:

1). taking this trip is a dream that comes true.

2). that they will enjoy this trip a lot.

3). they should see a lot of the Mekong.

4). that most of the Mekong will be found in Southeast Asia.

Wang Wei believes:

1). they must start in Qinghai where the river begins/see all of the Mekong.

2). that they don’t need to prepare much.

Wang Kun believes:

1). it is too cold and high to start in Qinghai.

2). that using an atlas is very important.

IV. Closing down

Closing down by answering questions                                                                                                           

What should you do before traveling? (Before traveling, we should make good preparations, that is, to make a plan, decide the place to visit and get enough information about the place. With full preparations we’ll have a good time during the trip.)

What will your family and your fiends say when you leave home to travel? (When we leave home, my family and my friends will say, “Have a good trip. /Have a good journey. /Have a good time.”)

Closing down by translating

In the last few minutes you are asked to translate some difficulty sentences in the passage.

Assignment

Revise the contents of the passage

Complete the passage on Page 56 in Workbook

Do exercise 2 on page 57 in you exercise books.

Period 2:A sample lesson plan for Learning about Language

(The Present Continuous Tense for future action)

Aims

To learn about the Present Continuous Tense

To discover and use some useful words and expressions

Procedures

I. Warming up

Warming up by discovering useful words and expressions

Hello everyone. After reading the passage, we have got to know the usage of the words and expressions, but we should do more practice. Now turn to page 20 to find the correct words and expressions from the passage to finish the sentences. You are given two minutes to finish them and discuss with your partners. Two minutes later, check in pairs and then check with the whole class.

II. Learning about language

1. Reading and finding 

Good, you have mastered these words and expressions. Let’s turn to page 17 and look at the questions inWarming up 4. Underline the verbs in the questions, and pay attention to the verb forms and do some explanations by yourselves.

2. Learning Grammar

We can see that the verbs are all used in the “-ing” form. They are “the present continuous tense”, but they express future actions or plans.The Present Continuous Tense may be used to denote an action that can be pre-planned or prearranged instead of the future indefinite in colloquial English. But please note that, not all verbs can be used in the “-ing” form to express future actions. Such verbs ascome, go, leave, fly, walk, ride, drive, stay, meet, die, see, have, arrive etc. are mainly used in the “-ing” form to express future actions.

3.Doing exercises No. 2 and 3 on page 21

Now turn to page 21 and do exercise 2. In the dialogue a newspaper reporter is interviewing Wang Wei about her plans for the trip along the Mekong River. However, they are not sure about some of the verb tenses. Can you help them complete their conversation?

Let’s continue to do exercise 3. Do you have any plans for the future yourselves? If you have any, please use the Present Continuous Tense to express your future actions. Give as much information as you can.

III. Ready used materials for the present continuous tense for future actions or plans

be +v.-ing与表示将来的时间连用,表示不久的将来,含义是“预定要做”。(这种结构中常用动作动词或去向动词:go, come, leave, start, arrive, travel, fly等,不适用于状态动词)

I’m leaving for Beijing this Friday.

My friends came over last night, and they are comingover this evening, too. 

Weare goingto Laoshan this May Day holiday.

We had an English class this morning, and weare having another English class tomorrow.

We took six subjects last term, and weare taking seven subjects next term.

I have arrived in Beijing. I’m visitingthe Great Wall tomorrow morning.

After class weare playingfootball on the playground.

We are flying to Shanghai next Friday.

IV. Closing down 

Closing down by making adialogue

To end the period you are going to make a dialogue in pairs to tell the whole class your plan on this Sunday.

Closing down by writing

Suppose you are planning a holiday trip. Write a short passage about your plan. You must pay great attention to the tense. The following questions can help you.

Where are you going for your holiday?   Who are you going with?

How are you getting there?            What are you doing there?

Where are you staying?               What are taking with you?

When are you returning?

 

Period 3:A sample lesson plan for Using Language

(A NIGHT IN THE MOUNTAINS)

Aims

To read the passage A NIGHT IN THE MOUNTAINS

To use the language by reading, listening, speaking and writing

Procedures

I.Warming up by talking about Tibet 

Have you ever been to Tibet? Do you want to travel in Tibet? Can you tell me something about Tibet?

Tibet lies on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau of the southwest border of China. The average height of the whole region is more than 4,000 meters above sea level, for which Tibet is known as “Roof of the World”. The highest peak of Tibet, also the highest in Himalayas and in the whole world, is Everest Peak, which is as high as 8,846.27 meters above sea level.

Although a part of China, Tibet has a unique culture of all its own. It is mainly inhabited by Tibetans, a minority nationality of old and mysterious people. Tourist attractions include the Potala Palace in Lhasa, Jokhang Temple, and a number of Buddhist sacred places.

Tibet (Xi Zang in Chinese) is to the south of Xin Jiang Uygur Autonomous Region and Qing Hai Province, to the west of Sichuan, to the northwest of Yunnan and to the north of India and Nepal. Its population of 2.3 million people come from a variety of ethnic groups including Tibetan, Han, Monba and Lhota. Its capital city is Lhasa.

Northwest Tibet, mainly Qing Hai plateau, is home to a variety of unusual andunique animals. Across the northern expanse of Tibet, you can see vast grasslands where horses, yak and sheep roam freely. The world's lowest valley, the Grand Yarlun-tzanpo River Valley lies in east Tibet.

It is freezing cold in most time of the year. Most tourists come to visit Tibet only in the warmest seasons, June, July, August and early September.

 

II. Reading

1.Reading andunderlining

Now let’s go on withJourney Down The Mekong with Wang Wei and Wang Kun. They are in Tibet now. Please turn to Page 22. Read the passage quickly and underline all the useful expressions and collocations in it. Copy them to your notebook after class as homework.

Collocations from JOURNEY DOWN THE MEKONG (II)

although, ride bicycles, in front of, as usual, need to do sth., to climb the mountain road was hard , be great fun, reach a valley, much warmer, change… into,  T-shirts,  shorts, in the early evening, stop to do sth., make camp, put up, after supper, go to sleep, stay awake, at midnight, become clear, so…that, the sound of the fire, travel so far, join sb., hardly wait to see, change one’s attitude.

2. Reading and translating

Next you are going to read the text JOURNEY DOWN THE MEKONG and translate it into Chinese.

3. Speaking

Read the passage again and find the answers to the questions:

1) How does Wang Kun feel about the trip? (He is starting to like the trip.)

2) What do you think has changed his attitude? (seeing the beautiful land)

3) Is it natural for Wang Kun not to feel lonely? (Yes. Because the scene Wang Kun saw is beautiful. The sky was clear and the stars were bright. Also their cousins are waiting for him.)

4) Would you feel the same way in this situation? Why or why not? (You may have different opinions about this. Just speak it out and let us share your idea, will you?)

Imagine that the dialogue happens the next morning before Wang Kun and Wang Wei leave their camp. Write a short dialogue between them with your partner. 

Wei:You look so tired          Kun:Yes, I stayed up late last night.

Wei: Really? What did you do?   Kun:I watched the clear sky and the bright stars.

Wei: That’s nice. They must be pretty.   Kun: Yes, they were.

III. Listening

Let’s go on with Journey Down The Mekong River (part 3) with Wang Wei. Turn to page 23 and do the listening text. Before listening to the tape, please read the words fast, then tick the words you hear on the tape. After that I’ll play the tape for the second time and then finish the chart. You should look through the chart and find out the listening points. The following questions can help you understand the listening text.

Where is the girl from?

What do people in Laos use the river for?

Why do people in Laos call the river “the sea of Laos”?

What is the river called in Tibet and Vietnam?

What other beautiful sights along the Mekong River in Laos?

IV.Guided writing

1. Reading and underlining

In this unit, we have read the first two parts of a travel journal and have listened to the third part of the travel journal. What is the difference between a journal and a diary? Let’ read the passage on page 23 and find out the difference between the two. Underline all the useful expressions and collocations in it. Copy them in your notebook after class as homework.

Collocations from Reading and Writing

put one’s thoughts into a diary, travel journey, the difference between, for on thing… for another, record one’s experiences, soon after, be familiar to, make a list of, compare…with, agree to.

Read the passage quickly and then fill in the information on the chart.

A diary

A travel journal

1).Personal;

2).To try to record how the writers feel very soon after things happen

1).Isn’t as personal as a diary

2).To record the writers experiences, ideas and afterthought about what they have seen

3).Is written for a lot of readers

4).It’s topics includes people, things, and events less familiar to readers.

2 Writing a letter

Now let’s do a writing practice. Imagine that you are a friend of Wang Wei. Write a short letter to her and ask her to describe: how she feels, what she is doing, and some place you want to know about. Then wish her well on her journey by using at least two of these expressions:

Have a nice/good time.            Have a nice/good trip.      Take care.

Good luck on your journey.        Say “Hello” to ….         Write to me.

Give my best/love wishes to ….     Have fun.

You can refer to the following steps.

l In pairs choose the details from the journey that are most interesting. Think of what else you would like to know about the journey. Write these ideas down as questions.

l Now choose two or three of the best questions for your letter. Each question should have another sentence explaining why you want to know this information.

l Put them in an order that makes sense.

l Begin your letter as shown in the textbook and add your questions for Wang               Wei. Your writing should not be more than one paragraph.

l Finish your letter as shown in the textbook.

A sample writing:

Hi, brave little Wei,

How I worry about you and Wang Kun! Do you have a good time now? I hope so. What are you doing now? Are you still in Laos? Can you tell me something about people’s life there? When are you leaving for Cambodia? When you get there, tell me about the Buddhist temples there. Please send some photos with your next letter! Well, Have a good trip and don’t forget to write to me! Give my best wishes to Wang Kun. Good luck on your journey.

Take care!

                                                     Yours,

                                                     Wang Lin

V. Further applying

1. Finding information

Go to the library to read or get online to search in order to find some places of interest in China and in the world. Take notes of your findings and tell the class which place you want to visit most next period.

2. Writing a letter

Suppose you want to travel to Yunnan Province, write a letter to one of your friends in Yunnan and ask him/her what preparations you should make and which places are worth visiting.

VI. Closing Down

Summing up

We have learned the whole unit. Let’s look at the chart on Page 24.Try to fill in it.

Part Two: Teaching Resources (第二部分:教学资源)

Section 1: A text structure analysisof JOURNEY DOWN THE MEKONG

I. Type of writing and summary of the idea

Type of writing

This is a travel journal

Main idea of the passage

Wang Kun and Wang Wei’s dream of taking a great bike trip, their different attitudes, Wang Wei’s determination, Wang Wei and Wang Kun’s preparations for the trip.

Topic sentence of 1st paragraph

It was my sister who first had the idea to cycle along the Mekong River.

Topic sentence of 2nd paragraph

Although she didn’t know the best way of getting to places, she insisted that we find the source of the river and begin our journey there.

Topic sentence of 3rd paragraph

We found a large atlas with good maps that showed the details of the world geography.

 

II.Adiagram ofJOURNEY DOWN THE MEKON

 

Why to travel

 

 

 

 

Their preparations

both of them bought expensive bikes.

got their cousins interested in traveling

went to the library and found a large atlas with good maps that show details of the Mekong River.

 

 

 

The Mekong River

1. It begins at a glacier on a Tibetan mountain which is at an altitude of more than 5000 meters.

2. It is small and the water is clean and cold at first. Then it moves quickly and passes through deep valley.

3. Half of it is in China and it is called Lancang River in China.

4. As it enters Southeast Asia , it travels slowly through hills and low valleys, and the plains where rice grow.

 

 

III.Retelling the text in about 200 words.

1. Retell the story in the third person.

2. Refer to the information in the chart above.

One possible version

Wang Kun and his sister Wang Wei dreamed about taking a great bike trip ever since their middle school days. After graduated from college, they got a chance to do it. It was Wang Wei who first had the ideas to cycle along the Mekong River from its source. They both bought expensive mountain bikes. They also got their cousins Dao Wei and Yu Hang to go who were interested in cycling, too.

Wang Wei was a stubborn girl. Although she didn’t know the best way of getting to places, she insisted that they should find the source of the river and began their journey there. When she heard the source of the Mekong River was in Qinghai, she wouldn’t change her mind. She was even excited when she knew that their journey would begin at an altitude of more than 5000 meters. She also thought that it would be an interesting experience.

Before the trip, they went to the library, where they found a large atlas with good maps. From the atlas, they learnt more information about the Mekong River.

Section 2: Background information on TRAVEL JOURNEY

I. How to plan your travel wisely

    Traveling can be a fun way to gain life experiences, especially during Spring Break—a week-long school vacation in the United States.

But what if you’re a student and don’t have enough money for a trip? Don’t worry. Here are some useful tips.

Save:This probably is the most important preparation for traveling. Cut expenses(开支) to fatten your wallet so you’ll have more choices about where to go and how to get there.

Plan ahead: Don’t wait until the last minute to plan your trip. Tickets may cost more when bought at short notice(短期内). Giving yourself several months to get ready can mean security (安全) and savings.

Do homework: No matter where you go, research the places you will visit. Decide what to see. Travel books will provide information on the cheapest hotels and restaurants.

Plan sensibly(合理的): Write down how much you expect to spend for food and hotels. Stick to your plan or you may not have enough money to cover everything.

Travel in groups: Find someone who is interested in visiting the same places. By traveling with others, you can share costs and experiences.

Work as you go: Need more money to support your trip? Look for work in the places you visit.

Go off the beaten path: Tourist cities may be expensive. You may want to rethink about your trip and go to a less-known area. Smaller towns can have many interesting activities and sights.

Pack necessary things: The most important things to take are not always clothes. Remember to take along medicine in case you get sick and snacks in case you cannot find a cheap restaurant.

Use the Internet: The Net can help you to save money. There are some useful websites such as www.travelcity.com and www.economy travel. com .

By planning sensibly, even students can enjoy their travel. Your travel experiences will be remembered for a lifetime.

II.世界著名游览胜地英文名
1. Asia 亚洲

Mount Fuji, Japan 日本富士山
Taj Mahal, India 印度泰姬陵
Angkor Wat, Cambodia 柬埔寨吴哥窟
Bali, Indonesia 印度尼西亚巴厘岛
Borobudur, Indonesia 印度尼西亚波罗浮屠
Sentosa, Singapore 新加坡圣淘沙
Babylon, Iraq 伊拉克巴比伦遗迹

2. Africa 非洲

Suez Canal, Egypt 埃及苏伊士运河
Aswan High Dam, Egypt 埃及阿斯旺水坝
Pyramids, Egypt 埃及金字塔
The Nile, Egypt 埃及尼罗河
Nairobi National Park, Kenya 肯尼亚内罗毕国家公园
Cape of Good Hope, South Africa 南非好望角
Sahara Desert 撒哈拉大沙漠

3.Oceania 大洋洲

Great Barrier Reef, Australia 澳大利亚大堡礁
Sydney Opera House, Australia 澳大利亚悉尼歌剧院
Ayers Rock, Australia 澳大利亚艾尔斯巨石
Mount Cook, New Zealand 新西兰库克山

4.Europe 欧洲

Mosque of St, Sophia in Istanbul (Constantinople), Turkey 土耳其圣索非亚教堂
Notre Dame de Paris, France 法国巴黎圣母院
Effiel Tower, France 法国艾菲尔铁塔
Arch of Triumph, France 法国凯旋门
Elysee Palace, France 法国爱丽舍宫
Louvre, France 法国卢浮宫
Kolner Dom, Koln, Germany 德国科隆大教堂
Leaning Tower of Pisa, Italy 意大利比萨斜塔
Colosseum in Rome, Italy 意大利古罗马圆形剧场
Parthenon, Greece 希腊巴台农神庙
Red Square in Moscow, Russia 俄罗斯莫斯科红场
Big Ben in London, England 英国伦敦大本钟
Buckingham Palace, England 英国白金汉宫
Hyde Park, England 英国海德公园
London Tower Bridge, England 英国伦敦塔桥
Westminster Abbey, England 英国威斯敏斯特大教堂
The Mediterranean 地中海

5. America 美洲

Niagara Falls, USA 美国尼亚加拉大瀑布
Honolulu, Hawaii, USA 美国夏威夷檀香山
Panama Canal 巴拿马运河
Yellowstone National Park, USA 美国黄石国家公园
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City, USA 美国纽约大都会艺术博物馆
Statue of Liberty, New York City, USA 美国纽约自由女神像
Times Square, New York City, USA 美国纽约时代广场
The White House, Washington DC., USA 美国华盛顿白宫
World Trade Center, New York City, USA 美国纽约世界贸易中心
Central Park, New York City, USA 美国纽约中央公园
Hollywood, California, USA 美国加利佛尼亚好莱坞
Disneyland, California, USA 加利佛尼亚迪斯尼乐园
Las Vegas, Nevada, USA 美国内华达拉斯威加斯

Section 3: Words and expressions
I. Words for reading

faren. 1.money charged for a journey (by bus, ship, taxi, etc. ) 费用: taxi/bus/air fare单程票价, a single/one-way fare, How much is the air fare to New York? 到纽约的票价是多少钱?2.passenger in a hired vehicle (出租车辆的)乘客: The taxi driver had only six fares all day. 那计程车司机一天只载了六位乘客。

cf.finally, in the end, at last

finally: lastly;in conclusion  最后,终于。强调活动过程的终结“最后”,“末了”。一是在列举事物或论点时引出最后一项内容,二是用在句中动词前面表示“等了很久……”

in the end表示经过许多变化、困难和捉摸不定的情况之后,某事才发生。

at last也可用来表示“等候或耽误了很久之后才……”,而且语气很强烈:The car wouldn’t start, sofinally we decided to go on foot. Four policemen rode past on their motorbikes, then came the television broadcasting car, andfinally the marathon runners. We waited and waited, and the trainfinally arrived. He finished his long boring speechat last. Who can tell what will happen to the earth in the end?

persuade vt. 1.convince(sb.)(of the truth of sth.,thatsth. Is true etc.)说服,劝说2.cause (sb.) by reasoning ( to do sth.) 借说理使(某人)(作某事);劝persuade sb. to do sth. = persuade sb. into doing sth.说服某人做某事persuade sb. not to do sth. = persuade sb. out of sth./doing sth.说服某人别做persuade sb. of sth= persuade sb. +that 从句使某人相信

cf.persuade,advise

persuade强调说服,劝说的结果;advise = try to persuade 表示劝说的动作,不强调结果: Ipersuaded my father to buy/into buying a new TV set.我说动我爸爸买了一台新电视。We’ve persuaded the manager out of the impractical plan.我们已经劝经理停止他不切合实际的计划。The old manpersuaded us not to walk/out of walking through the thick forest alone.这位老人劝我们别独自穿越茂密的丛林。I had tried topersuade/advised him not to stay up late, but he still didn’t go to bed until midnight.我劝他不要熬到太晚,但是他仍旧到午夜才去睡觉。 He tried topersuade me of his honesty. = He tried topersuade me that he was honest.他设法使我相信他是诚实的。

insistv. 1. (withon, upon)urge with emphasis, against opposition or disbelief; declare emphatically坚持,强调: insist on/upon sth. /doing sth. 坚决做,坚持做, insist on/upon one’ s doing坚持要某人做: He insisted on his correctness.他坚持自己是对的。She insisted on/upon talking to the manager.她坚决要和经理谈谈。I insist on your being there.我坚持要你在那里。2.insist that 坚持,坚决主张(所跟的宾语从句使用虚拟语气:主语+should do,其中should可以省略)。insist that 坚持一种说法,看法或事实(所跟的宾语从句用陈述语气及相应的时态): I insisted that heshould come with us (insisted on his coming with us.) 我坚持要他与我们同去。The lady insisted that she had done nothing wrong and that she should be treated properly.这位女士坚持说她没有做错事并认为应该得到恰当的待遇。

determinev. determinedadj. determinationn. 

determinevt/vi 1.be the fact that decides; (指事实)决定, determine +n. 决定,确定: The size of your feet determines the size of your shoes. Let’s determine a date for the class meeting.咱们来定一下开班会的日期吧。2. (with on or upon) decide (sb.’s future); make up one’s mind (to do sth.), settle; 决定(某人的未来);下决心(做某事);解决; determine on/upon (doing) sth =make up one’s mind to do sth.下决心; determine to do sth.; determine +从句; determine +疑问词+ to do; be determined to do sth. 决心做: He determined on going to collage. = He was determined to go to collage. 他决心上大学。We determined on an early start. (determined to start early.)我们决定早开始。He firmly determined to learn Greek.他下决心读希腊文。Have you determined where you are going to spend your holidays? = Have you determined where to spend your holidays? 你已决定将到何处度假吗?3.cause to decide: 使决定;determine sb. to do sth.使某人决定/下决心做:What determined you to accept the offer? 什么原因使你接受此项提议?The news determined him against further delay. 此消息使他决定不再拖延。

cf.care about, care for/ care to do, care for (sb.)

care about= be worried, concerned or interested忧虑;关心;惦念:Don’t youcare about anybody? 你难道谁也不关心吗?I don’t care (about) what happens to him.我才不管他的事呢。

care for/care to do= be willing or agree (to do sth); wish or like (to do sth) 愿意或同意(做谋事);希望或喜欢(做谋事),用于否定句或疑问句,尤与would连用Would youcare for a drink? 你想要杯喝的吗?Would youcare to go for a walk? 你想出去走走吗?

care for (sb)=a)like or love sb喜欢或爱某人;b)look after sb/take care of sb/be responsible for sb照看某人;照顾某人;对某人负责: Hecares her deeply他深深地爱着她。Who willcare for your children if you are out? 如果你外出了,谁来照顾你的孩子?

cf.through, across穿过

across: from side to side of:含义与on有关, 表示动作是在某一物体的表面进行的, “横跨, 横穿”表面。

through:(of places) from end to end or side to side of;  entering at one side, on one surface, etc., and coming out at the other:含义与in有关, 表示动作是在某一物体的空间里进行。

  I walked across the square to the museum.我们走过广场,来到博物馆。

  We walked through the forest. 我们穿过森林。

  She swam across the river.她游过了河。

  The river flows through the city from west to east.这条河从西到东流过这座城市。

II. Words for using language

cf.so far, as/so far as

so far(表距离)这/那么远;(表时间)迄今为止(常与完成式连用): We traveled so far last year; they didn’t go so/as far as we did.我们去年走了那么远,他们没有走那么远。It has rained every day so far this month.到目前为止,这个月几乎每天都下雨。

as far as和……一样远(否定句中也用so far as);as /so far as I know/see据我所知/看来:As far as I know, they lived in the same neighborhood据我所知,他们住在同一个小区。

recordv.set down in writing for reference; preserve for use, by writing or in other ways( eg. on the magnetic tape of a tape-recorder):记录,记载,录音:This volume records the history of the city.这部书记录了该城市的历史。The wireless program was recorded. 无线电广播是由录音制成的。n. make a record录制唱片;set a record创记录;break a record 打破记录;keep a record保持记录 ;keep a record of 把……记录下来

cf.be familiar to, be familiar with

be familiar to sb.为某人所熟悉:I ’m familiar with the streets of the city.我对这座城市的街道很熟悉。 

be familiar with sth.对某事熟悉:The city is familiar to me.这座城市对我来说很熟悉。

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