To read and speak about traveling
To write a letter describing feeling about traveling
Warming up by discussing
Have you ever written a speech? What is a speech?Speech means an act of speaking formally to a group of listeners. What do you have to consider when you are writing a speech? Please discuss it in pairs. (1. Who is the audience? 2. How can we express ourselves clearly?)
Warming up by reading
What should you include in your speech when you try to write one? Read the letter on page 29 and imagine you are the student who was invited to give a speech. Now write a short speech, in which you should follow the points in exercise 3 on page 29.
II. Reading and underlining
Read the letter and exercises again and underline all the useful expressions or collocations in the letter. Copy them in your notebook after class as homework.
Collocations from the letter
congratulations, be pleased to do sth., win the high school speaking competition, a
group of five judges, all of whom, agree, be proud of, open a new park, honour those who died in the terrible disaster, would like to do, have you do sth., as you know, invite sb.
to do sth., on that special day, at thebeginning of, thank sb, for doing sth.,
honour sb. for sth., be known as,encourage sb. to do sth., be happy to do sth.,
collect stamps, lose one’s life
Turn on your books at page 30. We’ll listen to a story about a person who experienced the 1906 San Francisco earthquake. I’ll play the tape three times. First listen and try to get some details that exercises 1 and 2 request. Second listen again and try to finish the exercises. Third listen and check your answers.
IV. Guided writing (SB. page 31)
1. Making a introduction
Have you ever read a newspaper story? Now turn on your books to page 31 and look atWriting. Read the brief description about how to write a newspaper story. Compare a newspaper story to a short story and answer the following questions.
1) What should you write before writing a newspaper story? (outline)
2) What should a newspaper outline have? (a headline; a list of main ideas; a list of important details)
3) Why a headline is needed? (It can tell the readers what the topic is; it can also attract the readers’ attention)
4) How can you finish a newspaper story? (First, you should write a headline, then organize your main ideas into paragraphs, and then put some details into each paragraph.)
5) Have you found out the difference between a newspaper story and a short story?
(Usually a short story begins with small details and includes big details later. A newspaper story does just the opposite. Both kinds of stories use paragraphs with main ideas. In a good newspaper story, the point-of-view is objective (i.e. it has no point-of-view) while a short story is subjective (i.e. it has a point-of-view). A newspaper story has no conclusion; a short story generally does.)
Now I’ll show you a newspaper story to find out theheadline, main idea and details of each paragraph.
THE WASHINGTON POST
SEATTLE-A powerful earthquake with a magnitude of 6.8 hit Washington State last week. The quake, the biggest in 50 years, caused billions of dollars in damage. But miraculously, only one person died and more than 100 people were injured in the quake.
Authorities said one reason there wasn’t greater destruction is that the region spent millions of dollars in the last decade designing earthquake----proof facilities and improving existing buildings, schools and homes.
Earthquake expert said the event illustrated(说明) the growing gap between rich and poor nations in the ability to mitigate(减轻) natural disasters. Only a handful of people were seriously injured here, a slight number compared with the devastation(破坏) in countries like Turkey, India and El Salvador, where quakes have buried thousands under poorly constructed buildings.
Now prepare the outline for a short newspaper story for China Daily. You can use the example in exercise 1 to help you organize your outline.
Read the outline and the newspaper story inWriting and underline all the useful expressions or collocations in them. Copy them to your notebook after class as homework.
Collocations from Writing
a list of, put some details into each paragraph, a team of, raise money, thousands of,
plan to do sth., in early June, hope to do sth., be interested to do sth.
IV. Closing Down
Closing down by summary
We have learned a lot about earthquakes. Now let’s have a summary about what we have learned. Look at the following questions.
(1) Have you ever experienced an earthquake?
(2) Can you describe an earthquake in English?
(3) What do you know about the cause of an earthquake?
(4) What new information about earthquakes have you learned now?
(5) What words and expressions can you use to describe an earthquake?
Closing down by finding information
Go to the library to read or get online to search in order to find more in formation about natural disasters.
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