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高三英语Art教案

ID:97856

时间:2020-11-09

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Unit1 Art

1、aim n. & v.
根据语境猜词义
(1) She went to London with the aim of finding a job.
(2) He took aim at the bird,fired and missed it.
(3) I drove fast,aiming for / at catching the last bus.
(4) The hunter aimed at the lion and fired.

根据语义找匹配             
A. 目标,目的 (n.)   B. 瞄准 (n.)
C. 瞄准,对准 (v.)  D. 意欲,旨在 (v.)
(1) A (2) B (3) D (4) C
without aim 漫无目的地
with the aim of 以期……,意在……
achieve ones aim 达到目的

miss ones aim 希望落空,失败
take aim at 向……瞄准                    aim at 瞄准
aim at(for) doing sth./aim to do sth. 旨在做某事
be aimed at 目的是,旨在……
aimless adj. 无目的的     aimlessly adv. 无目的地

用aim的适当形式填空
    A person with the (1) aim (n.) of being a success should always do things (2) aiming (v.) at what he has (3) aimed (v.) for. Though sometimes he will be (4) aimless (adj.) not knowing what to do; but when he realize what he is (5) aimed (v.) at and make firm steps, he will in time achieve his (6) aim (n.).

2、adopt vt.
根据语境猜词义
(1) My mother was adopted when she was four.
(2) Our school has adopted a new teaching method.

根据语义找匹配:A. 收养,领养  B. 采用
(1) A (2) B
adopt an approach / strategy / policy采用某方法 / 战略 / 政策
    an adopted son 养子

用adopt的适当形式填空
    When Tracy discovered that she was an (1) adopted ( adj. ) child, she felt depressed. She thought for two days and then decided to (2) adopt (v.) her best friend Charlies suggestion — to find her birth mother.

3、possession n.
根据语境猜词义
(1)The car Tom was in_possession_of was once in_the_possession_of his uncle.
(2)The finance company now has_possession_of the house.
(3)We lost_all_our_possessions in the terrible earthquake.

根据语义找匹配:A. 失去了所有财产 B. 拥有…… C. 拥有……的所有权 D.为……所有
(1) B;D (2) C (3) A

in the possession of 为……所占有
in ones possession 为某人所占有
take possession of 占有,拥有
have possession of 占有

possessions 财产(用复数)         possess vt.  控制,占有
possess sb. of 使某人拥有        be possessed of 拥有

用possess的适当形式填空
   With his business going on well, he was at first (1) possessed (v.) of big houses, cars; and later he took (2) possession (n.) of stocks of different companies. Then,  he found that everything he dreamed of was in his (3) possession (n.). But he was told that the meaning and success of life was not measured by the (4) possessions (n.) he had, but the devotion he made to the society.

4、score n. & v.
根据语境猜词义
(1) My score on the test was 85.
(2) A score of people was found missing in the storm.
(3) He scored high in the IQ test.

根据语义找匹配:A. 分数 B. 20 C. 得分
(1) A (2) B (3) C

scores of 许多,大量     a score of 20个
three score eggs60个鸡蛋
    three score of these eggs 这些鸡蛋中的60个
    表示“20”,其复数形式通常不加­s,且其后一般不接介词of。当其后的名词前有the,these,those等表示特定的限定词修饰时,或当其后接us,them,you等人称代词时,score 后加of。

单项填空
   (  )______ the engineers are watching over the project.
A. Scores of                              B. Three scores
C. Scores                                   D. Three score of
D 句意:这些工程师中的60人正在视察这项工程。如果选择A项,则要去掉engineers前面的定冠词“the”;B项缺少of,且score不能用复数。

5、attempt n. & vt.
根据语境猜词义
(1)I let them talk on, without_any_attempt_to interrupt them.
(2)She made_every_attempt_to go.
(3)They attempted_to finish the work within a month.
(4)They have_attempted a difficult task.

根据语义找匹配:A. 不想做…… B. 试图做……
C. 开始(任务) D. 千方百计地
(1) A (2) D (3) B (4) C
make an attempt to do sth.试图做某事
make an attempt on试图对……攻击
in an attempt to do sth. 尝试做某事
attempt sth. / to do / doing sth. 企图做某事
attempted adj. 企图的,未遂的

用attempt的适当形式填空
    A hungry lion make several (1) attempts(n.) on the bull without success. It seemed that neither of them was to give up. Again, the lion (2) attempted (v.) to kill his prey but still failed. It was a long and hard work.

6、specific adj. & n.
根据语境猜词义
(1) I gave you specific instructions.
(2) The money was collected for a specific purpose.
(3) Aspirin is a specific for headache.

根据语义找匹配:A. 具体的 B. 特效药 C. 特定的
(1) A (2) C (3) B
a specific aim一个特定的目标
a specific remedy 一种特定的疗法
specifically adv. 明确地,具体地,特意地
specification n. 详述; 说明书

用specific的适当形式填空
    As I (1) specifically (adv.) mentioned last time, we should never start doing something without a (2) specific (adj.) purpose; or you are likely to fail. You will then feel sorry but there is no (3) specific (n.)  for regret.

7、figure n.  & v.
根据语境猜词义
(1)How does she manage to keep her figure when she eats so much?
(2)Where did you get these figures?
(3)He was one of the leading political figures of this century.
(4)I cant figure_out why he quit his job.

根据语义找匹配:A. 想出 (v.) B. 人物 (n.) C. 数字、数据(n.) D. 体形(n.)
(1) D (2) C (3) B (4) A
keep ones figure 保持体型
a political figure 一位政治要人
figure out想出,理解

用figure的适当形式填空
    Being a popular social (1) figure (n.), she always had to appear with a fine (2)figure(n.) and (3)figured (v.)out ways to attract the attention of the majority.

8、appeal v.&n.
根据语境猜词义
(1)The police are appealing to the public for information about the crime.
(2)The opening ceremony of the Beijing Olympics appealed to the audience all over the world.
(3)He appealed to his friends for support.
(4)This case was appealed to a higher case.
(5)She made her last appeal to his mother to forgive her.

根据语义找匹配:A. 上诉(vt.) B. 有感染力,吸引(vi.) C. 呼吁(vi.) D. 恳求(n.) E. 求助(vi.)
(1) C (2) B (3) E (4) A (5) D
appeal to sb. for sth. 呼吁某人某事
appeal to sb. 吸引某人
appeal to sb. to do sth.呼吁某人做某事
appeal for sth. 恳求,呼吁

用appeal的适当形式填空
    In his (1) appeal (n.) to me for help, he said something (2) appealing (adj.). But for his bad reputation, his words didnt seem to (3) appeal (v.) to me.

9、by coincidence
根据语境猜词义
(1)By_coincidence,_the day I got married was the same as the day my close friend John married.
(2)What do you think of the coincidence of two accidents?

根据语义找匹配:A. 巧合地 B. 巧合 (n.)
(1)A (2)B
be coincident with 与……一致,巧合的

用coincidence的适当形式填空
    The agents sudden disappearance was (1) coincident with his sudden death, which Tom thought was not just (2) by coincidence.

(  ) 1. (2008•江西) Jack is late again. It is ______ of him to keep others waiting.
A. normal                                      B. ordinary
C. common                                   D. typical

A typical picture at this time was full of religious symbols, which created a feeling of respect and love for God. (P2)
D 考查形容词的辨析。normal 正常的;ordinary 普通的;common常见的; typical典型的,代表性的。根据句意可知,只有D 项符合题意。

(  ) 2. (2008•上海春)Some people maintain that watching violence on TV is one of the major causes of ______ behavior and crime in society.
A. childish                                   B. artificial
C. aggressive                               D. heroic

C 考查形容词辨析。childish 孩子般的,幼稚的; artificial 人工的; heroic英雄的,英勇的;aggressive有进取心的;侵略的,好斗的。句意为:有些人坚持认为常看电视上呈现的暴力镜头是造成社会上好斗行为及犯罪的主要原因之一。
Sally is not an aggressive person. (P5)

(  ) 3. (2010•湖北)It is illegal for a public official to ask people for gifts or money ______ favors to them.
A. in preference to                  B. in place of
C. in agreement with               D. in exchange for

Frick had a preference for pre­twentieth century Western paintings, and these are well­represented in this excellent collection. (P6)
D 考查介词短语辨析。in preference to优先于;in place of代替;in agreement with同意,与……一致;in exchange for交换。句意为:公务员向人索取钱物作为提供便利代价的行为是违法的。

(  ) 4. (2009•安徽)China has got a good ______ for fighting against the flu with its careful and smooth organization.
A. reputation                                B. influence
C. impression                               D. knowledge

A 考查名词辨析。have a good reputation for 因……有好名声。 have influence / impression与on 搭配。have a good knowledge of 对……很熟悉,通晓。根据句意,中国由于其在抗击流感方面的精心而有序的组织广受好评。
The reputation of this museum lies in the variety of its art collection. (P6)

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