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2012届高考英语词组及搭配复习

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2012届高考英语词组及搭配复习
高中英语词组•搭配整理
abandon oneself to sth. 沉溺于
with abandon 尽情地
the ability to do sth.做某事的能力
to the best of one’s ability 尽最大努力
from above 来自上级的
above all 首先,最重要的是
at home and abroad 国内外
be absorbed in 全神贯注于
be abundant/rich in sth. 。。。丰富
accept a challenge 接受挑战
accept sb.’s apology 接受某人的道歉
by accident 偶然
accommodate sb. with 向某人供应,提供
accommodate sb. for the night 留。。。住一夜
according as (+从句)根据。。。而。。。
according to(+n.)按照
on account of 因为,由于
on all accounts/every account 无论如何
on no account 绝不
take …into account/take account of 考虑到,顾及,体谅
accuse sb. of (doing) sth./charge sb. with (doing) sth. 指控某人犯。。。
be accustomed to 习惯于
achieve one’s aim/goal 达到目的
have a nodding acquaintance of sb. 与某人有点头之交
make one’s acquaintance 结识,与。。。相见
act as 担任。。。职务
act for 代表,代理
act out 以行动表现,表演
in action 在活动/运转中
out of action 不活动的,失去机能
put sth. in/into action 使。。。活动,实行
take action 采取行动
add up 加起
add up to 合计达
in addition to 除。。。之外(还)
give/make/deliver an address 做演讲
admire sb. for 因。。。钦佩某人
in advance 事先
in advance of 在。。。前面
take advantage of 利用
give sb. some advice (on sth.) 给某人(某方面)提出建议
accept/follow/ take sb.’s advice 接受某人的建议
ask for sb.’s advice 向某人征求意见
on sb.’s advice 根据某人的建议
after all 毕竟,终究,别忘了,要知道
After you! 你先请
again and again 反复地,再三地
once again 再一次
over and (over) again 一再地,反复地
time and (time) again 一再地,反复地
ahead of 在。。。之前
go ahead 前进,干吧,说吧
in aid of 作为对。。。的帮助
with the aid of 借助于
in the air 在空中,在流传中,(问题计划)悬而未决
in the open air 在户外
on/off the air 正在广播/停播
give the alarm 发出警报
be alert to 对。。警觉
be alert in 对。。。机敏
on the alert 处于警戒状态
alert sb. to sth. 向某人报警
alert sb. for sth. 通知
all along 始终,一贯,一直
all but 几乎,差不多
all in all 总的说来
all over 到处,遍及,全部结束
at all (否定)根本,丝毫;(疑问)究竟,到底;(条件)既然。。。就
in all 总计
not at all 不客气
allow for 考虑到,体谅,为。。留出余地
allow of 容许,容许有。。。的可能(事做主语)
to one’s amusement 令某人觉得有趣的是
with/in amusement 津津有味地
and so on/forth 等等
make an announcement 发布通知
be annoyed with sb. for/at sth. 因。。。对。。。生气
one after another 相继,顺次
one another 互相
one thing…another… 。。。是一回事,。。。是另一回事
answer sb.’s call 响应。。的号召
answer for 对。。。负责
in answer to 作为对。。的回答
anything but 根本不
apart form 除了
fall apart 土崩瓦解
tell apart 区别
an appendix to the book 该书的附录
have one’s appendix out 切除阑尾
the apple of the(one’s) eye 瞳孔,极珍爱的人或物
cover/have an area of 占地面积
argue for/against 赞成/反对
argue sb. into/out of doing sth.说服某人做/不做某事
arise from 由。。。引起
give rise to 引起
arm in arm 手挽手的
arrange for sb. to do sth.安排某人做某事
make an arrangement 做安排
under arrest 被捕
as for/to 至于。。。关于。。。
as if/though 好像
aside from 除了
be of assistance to sb. 有助于
with the assistance of 在。。。帮助下
assume a new aspect 呈现新的面貌
assume airs of 摆架子
in astonishment 吃惊地
to sb.’s astonishment 使某人惊讶的是
bring sth. to the attention of sb. 使某人关注某事
with attention 专心致志地
be attentive to sth. 专心于某事
lend an attentive ear to 倾听
on (an/the) average 平均
be awkward with 对。。。笨拙
B
back and forth 来回地,往复地
know sth. backwards 对。。。极其熟悉
badly off 贫困的
as blind as a bat 视力极差的
bear out 证实
bear up 坚持下去,振作起来
bear with 忍受,容忍
give/deal a blow to sb. 给某人打击
at the beginning of 在。。之初
from beginning to end 自始至终
on/in behalf of 代表
bring into being 使出现,使存在
come into being 出现,产生
for the time being 目前,暂时
believe it or not 信不信由你
tighten one’s belt 勒紧腰带,忍饥受寒
public benefit 公益
be of benefit to 对。。。有益
for the benefit of 为了。。。的利益
be bent on 对。。。决意
all the best 万事如意
at best 充其量,至多
make the best of 充分利用
beyond praise 不胜夸奖
a bird in the bush 没把握的事
a bird in the hand 有把握的事
an early bird 早起者,早到者
by birth 在血统上,生来
give birth to 生孩子
bit by bit 渐渐,一点一点地
blame sb. for sth. 因某事责备某人
blame sth. on sb. 把某事归咎到某人
to be blame 应受责备
in full bloom 繁花盛开
blow away 吹走,驱散
blow down 刮倒
blow out 吹熄
blow up (使)爆炸,炸飞,充气
at a(one) blow 一下子
above board 光明正大地
on board 在船上/飞机上
make a boast of 自夸
in the same boat 同舟共济,共患难
body and soul 全心全意
body building 健身,健美
body language 肢体语言
boil down to 意味着,归结为
have a bone to pick with 与。。。争辩,对。。。不满
to the bone 到极点
born of 来源于
Bottoms up!干杯
at the bottom of 在。。。底部,末端
from the bottom of one’s heart 发自内心
be bound to 一定,注定
be bound up in 专注于,忙于
bu bound up with 与。。。有密切关系
bow out 退出
make/earn one’s bread 谋生
out of bread 失业
break away from 脱离
break down 损坏,(把化合物)分解,(汽车)抛锚,垮掉
break in 非法闯入,插嘴,打断
break into 破门而入,非法闯入
break off 打断,折断,中断(谈话)
break out (战争,火灾,疾病)突发
break through 冲破,突破
break up 分解,分裂
short of breath 上气不接下气
feel a breath of spring 感到春的气息
catch/hold one’s breath 摒住呼吸
out of breath 气喘吁吁
bring about 带来,引起,导致
bring back 把。。。拿回来,归还,使回忆起来,使恢复
bring back to life 使复生
bring down 使落下,打倒,降低,减少
bring in 收(庄稼),引进(风尚,话题),挣得(利润)
bring off 成功地做
bring on 使前进,使发展
bring out 取出来,使出现,出版
bring up 教育,培养,提出,呕吐
build on 把。。。建立于,依赖
build up 逐步建立,增进,积聚
bump along 颠簸着行进
bump into 偶遇
burn down 烧毁,烧成平地
burst forth 突发,爆发,冒出
burst in 闯入,突然出现,插嘴,打断
burst into 闯入,突然。。。起来
burst out 突然。。。起来,(战争,疾病)突发
by and by 不久之后
by day 日间,在白天
C
Chinese cabbage 大白菜
cable car 缆车
cable railway 缆车铁道
cable television 有线电视
cable ship 海底电缆铺设船
cable address 电报挂号
cable sb. money 电汇给某人钱
calculate on/upon 指望,预期
call back 回电话,取消
call for 要求,需要,(去某处)接人、物,请求,呼吁
call in 叫某人进入,邀请,召来
call out 大声叫,叫/请某人
call up 打电话给。。。,(使)想起,征召
cannot but 不得不
cannot … too/over 越。。。越好,。。。总不嫌过分
garbage can 垃圾桶
can opener 开罐器
carry off 携走,夺走
carry on 继续,坚持下去
carry out 执行,落实(计划,命令)
carry through 完成,把。。。进行到底,使渡过难关
in any case 无论如何
in case 免得
in case of 如果,假使
in no case 绝不
in this/that case 如果这样/那样
pay in cash/by cheque 用现金/支票付款
cast sb. into prison 把。。。送进监狱
cast a net 撒网
cast a vote 投票
cast down 使沮丧
a castle in the air 空中楼阁,空想
catch at 想抓住
catch up (with) 赶上,超过
be certain to do 一定会做某事
be certain of 对。。。有把握
marriage certificate 结婚证书
chain reaction 连锁反应
chain store(s) 连锁店
in chains 被囚禁
by chance 偶然地
change…into… 把。。。变成。。。
change…for… 把。。。换成。。。
charge oneself with a task 承担一项任务
in charge of 管理
in the charge of 由。。。管理
take charge of 接管
free of charge 免费
cheat sb. (out) of sth. 骗走某人某物
rob sb. of sth. 抢走某人某物
steal sth. from .sb. 偷走某人某物
check in (在旅馆,机场)登记,报道
check out 结帐离开
cheer up (使)振作,高兴起来
chemical rain 酸雨
chemical change 化学变化
chemist’s shop 药房
a piece of china 一件瓷器
have no choice (but to do sth.) 别无选择
make a choice 做选择
choke back 忍住,抑制
choke down 用力咽下,强抑制住
choke up 堵塞,塞满
cannot choose but do. 不得不
a chorus of 异口同声地
in chorus 一齐
be on circuit 在巡回中
civil duties 公民的义务
civil war 内战
civil case 民事案件
civil life 平民生活
claw hold of 抓紧
clear away 把。。。清除掉,(云雾)消散
clear up (天气)放晴。整理,收拾
clever fingers 灵巧的手指
be clever at 擅长
be clever with 善于使用
close down 关闭,停业
bring…to a close 结束
in the clouds 在云层中,心不在焉
a coat of 一层
pay sb. in his own/the same coin 以其人之道还治其人之身
coincidence of opinions 意见一致
by coincidence 碰巧
seize/take sb. by the collar 抓住。。。领口
come into collision 相撞,在冲突中
come about 产生,发生
come across 偶遇(不用被动)
come along 出现,发生.进步,进展,跟着来
come back 回来,旧事在记忆中重现
come down 落魄,潦倒
come from 出生于,来自
come in 进来
come off 从。。。离开,脱落,发生,举行.从。。。中被减去
come on 快,走吧。进步,进展。发生,开始
come out 出现,出版,开花
come over (越过障碍或从远处)过来,顺便来访,改变立场或观点
come round 绕道而来,回心转意,苏醒,复元
come straight to the point 开门见山
come to 苏醒,共达到
come to power 掌权
come up 长出,发芽,走上前,升起,(问题)被提出
come up with 追上,想出,找出(答案)
make comments on 评论
commit a crime/mistake 犯罪/错
commit suicide 自杀
in company with 与。。。一起
keep company with 与。。。相结交
keep sb. company 陪伴
compare to/with 和。。。相比
within/out of compass 某人力所不能及
in competition with 和。。。竞争
be composed of 由。。。组成
reach/arrive at a compromise 达成协议
as/so far as …be concerned 就。。。而言
be concerned about 关心
be concerned with 与。。。有关
in concern (with)一齐,一致
bring…to a conclusion 使。。。结束
come to/arrive at/reach/draw a conclusion 得出结论
in conclusion 最后,总之
make a conclusion 下结论
on no condition 绝不
on/upon condition that 如果
in conflict with 与。。。冲突
throw … into confusion 使。。。陷入混乱
for conscience sake 为求心安
have a clear/good conscience 问心无愧
on one’s conscience 凭良心
in consequence 结果,因此
in/as (a) consequence of 由于
in consideration of 考虑到,作为对。。。的报酬
under consideration 在考虑中
consist in 在于,存在于
be content with 对。。。满足
content oneself with 满足于
to one’s heart’s content 心满意足地,尽情地
be contradictory tu 与。。。矛盾,对立
on the contrary 正相反
make a contrast with 与。。。对比
in/by contrast 对比之下
in contrast to/with 与。。。对比起来。形成对比
beyond control 无法控制
out of control 失去控制
under control 处于控制之下
take control of 控制,操纵
in cooperation with 与。。。合作
around/round the corner 在拐角处,在附近,即将到来
be in a tight corner 在困境中
put/drive/force sb. into a corner 使。。。走投无路
at the cost of 以。。。为代价
at a cost of 以。。。的价格
count on 依靠,指望
in couples 成双成对地
keep up/lose courage 鼓起/失去勇气
with courage 勇敢地
in/during the course of 在。。。期间/过程中
go to court 起诉,觐见君主
take sb. to court 起诉某人
be crashed to pieces 被砸的粉碎
be crazy about/on/over 热衷于
like crazy 发狂似的
be/get cross with sb. at sth. 因。。。生某人的气
cross out 划掉
cure sb. of (disease) 治好某人某病
a cure for (disease) 治某病的药
be curious about 对。。。好奇
give currency to 散布
in common currency 一般通用的
cut down 减少,砍倒
cut in 超车,插嘴,打断
cut off 切除,剪下,隔绝
cut out 切去,减去,删去,略去,戒除
cht through 刺穿,剪断
cut up 齐根剪断,剪碎
D
dam a river 在河上筑坝
dam up one’s feelings 抑制感情
be damned for one’s sins 因罪孽而遭天罚
God damn you!该死!
in danger (of) 在危险中
out of danger 脱离危险
in the dark 在黑暗中
at/before dark 在天黑时/以前
date back to 追溯到,远在。。。时代
up to date 到目前为止
make a date with sb. 与。。。约会
be out on a date 出去约会
at dawn 在黎明
dawn on/upon 被理解,被想到
from dawn till night 从早到晚
by day 日间,白天里
day after day 日复一日地
day and night 日日夜夜地
day by day 一天天地
in the day 在白天
one day (过去或未来)某一天
some day (将来)总有一天,(日后)某一天
the other day 前几天
these days 现在,如今
those days 那些日子,那个时代
to this day 至今
at daylight 在黎明时
before daylight 黎明前
turn a deaf ear to 对。。。充耳不闻
make a deal 达成协议,做成交易
a good/great deal of 大量的
put sb. to death 处死某人
in debt 负债
get/run into debt 负债
out of debt 不欠债
decide on 对。。。作出决定
declare for/agaist sth. 表态支持/反对
on the decline 在衰退/没落中
be deep in a book 埋头读书
defend against 防止以免
take a degree 取得学位
take/find delight in 以。。。为乐
to sb.’s delight 令。。。高兴的是
with delight 高兴地
department store 百货商场
It/That (all) depends. 看情况而定
a current/fixed deposit 活/定期存款
determine on (doing) sth. 决定做某事
be devoted to 对。。。专一,专注
devote oneself to 献身于,致力于
die away 减弱,消失,停下来
die down 逐渐变弱,降低,平息
die from 死于(外因)
die of 死于(内因)
die off 相继死去
die out 逐渐消失,绝种
be dying for 渴望
make a/no difference 有/无影响
with difficulty 吃力地,困难地
without difficulty 不费力地
in difficulties 处境尴尬,经济困难
stand on one’s dignity 维护尊严
in a dilemma 左右为难
dine out 外出进餐
dine off/on 把。。。当饭吃
a state dinner 国宴
give a dinner for sb. 宴请某人
at a disadvantage 处于不利地位
be disappointed at 不满某事实
be disappointed in 某人某事不合理想
be disappointed of 因得不到某物不满
be disappointed with 对。。。不满意
under discussion 在讨论中
dismiss doubts 消除疑虑
at a distance of 隔着。。。的距离
at/from a distance 有相当距离
keep one’s distance 保持距离
be distinct from 和。。。截然不同
distinguish oneself 扬名
do away with 废除,去掉
do sb. good 对。。。有益
do up 整理,收拾,修缮,粉刷,包扎,扣好
do with 对待,处理,与。。。相处
do wrong 做错,犯罪
door to success 成功的途径
from door to door 挨家挨户地
on the dot 准时
be dotted with 点缀着
beyond/out of doubt 无疑地
no doubt 无疑
make no doubt of 对。。。毫无疑问
without (a/any) doubt 无疑地
down with 打倒,放下
in dozens 一打一打地
dozens of 许多,数打
draw one’s salary 领工资
draw a conclusion 得出结论
draw a lesson 吸取教训
draw in (火车,汽车)到站,收(网,针)
draw near 靠近,临近
draw sb.’s attention to 引起某人注意
dress up 穿上盛装,精心打扮,装饰
drink to the health of sb.为。。。健康干杯
drive away 赶走,驱逐,开走
drop in at+地点/on+人 偶然/顺便来访
drop out 不参与,离去,放弃
like a drowned rat 湿的像落汤鸡
drown oneself in 埋头于
throw dust in a person’s eyes 蒙骗人
off duty 下班,不执勤
on duty 上班,执勤
do one’s duty 尽义务,本分
E
be eager for/after knowledge 渴望求知
be eager in one’s studies 热心学习
have a keen ear 听觉灵敏
close/shut one’s ears to 塞住耳朵,不听
give ear to 倾听,注意
early on 在初期,早先
earn one’s living 谋生
on earth 在世界上,究竟,一点也
at (one’s) ease 轻松地,安心地
ease off/up 减轻,减缓
ease sb. of sth 减轻某人(痛苦,负担)
with ease 容易地
take effect 生效,起作用
make an effort 努力
electric fan 电扇
electrical engineering 电气工程
electronic organ 电子琴
lay/put/place emphasis on/upon 强调
in the employ of 替。。。工作
out of employ 失业
bring an end to 结束,终止
come to an end 结束
end up 结束
make (both)ends meet 收支平衡
put an end to 废除,终止
apply/devote one’s energies to a task 致力于工作
enter the army 参军
enter into 参加,开始从事,进入
enter for 报名参加
entrance free 免费入场
make one’s entrance 入场
entrance upon/into office 就任
make an entry of 把。。。记入,登录
out of envy 出于妒忌
be the envy of sb. 是。。。妒忌/羡慕的对象
be equal to (doing) sth. 胜任
equal sth. 与。。。相等
equal sb. in sth. 在。。。方面与某人匹敌
equip …for… 为。。。而准备。。。
equip …with…用。。。装备。。。
by error 错误地
in error 弄错了的,错误地
escape death 死里逃生
have a narrow escape 九死一生
at all events/in any event 不论怎样
in the event of 如果。。。发生
in the event that 如果
Ever yours/Yours ever. 你永久的朋友(书信中)
every now and then 时常,不时地
follow one’s example 学习某人,效仿某人
set an example to sb./set sb. an example 为。。。树立榜样
be excellent in 在。。。方面极好
stock exchange 证券交易所
in exchange for 作为对。。的交换
come into existence 开始存在,产生
make one’s exit 退出,退场
at one’s expense 由。。。付费
sum up experience 总结经验
do/make/carry out an experiment in 做。。。的实验
in explicit terms 直截了当地
express oneself 表达自己的意见,态度
shortsighted eyes 近视眼
have a sharp eye 有敏锐的目光
F
face up to 勇敢地面对
in (the) face of 面临,不顾
a/the fact of life 现实生活
fade away 消失,离去
fade out (声音,影像)渐渐消失,使。。。渐渐消失,淡出
fail in sth. 在。。。方面失败
fair and square 光明正大地
have faith in 相信
lose faith in 不再信任
put one’s faith in 绝对信任
fall back 落后
fall back on (受挫后)依靠,借助于
fall into habit of 养成。。。的习惯
fall out 争吵,失和
take a fancy to 喜欢上,爱上
as far as it goes 就。。。而论
by far 最。。。,。。。得多(修饰比较级,最高级)
far and wide 到处
at (the) farthest 至多,最远(也不过)
be all the fashion 风行一时
fasten one’s eyes on 注视
find fault with 对。。。不满,挑剔
ask a favor of sb./ask sb. a favor 请求某人帮忙
in favour with 得。。。宠爱,受。。。鼓励
for fear 由于害怕,生怕,以免
in fear of 担忧,恐怕,为。。。担心
as light as a feather 轻如鸿毛
sit on the fence 骑墙观望
by ferry 乘渡轮
have/run a fever 发烧
at the fewest 至少
no fewer than 不少于,有。。。之多
not a few/quite a few 相当多
only a few 只有几个
fight back 回击
fight for 为。。。而战
fight one’s way 艰苦奋斗,奋力前进
fight over 由于。。。争斗
fight with 与。。。并肩战斗
figure out 算出,解决,合计为,领会,断定
on file 存档
file a suit against sb. 对。。。提出诉讼
fill in 填充,填写
fill out 填写,长胖,变丰满
fill up 装满
keep one’s fingers crossed 祈求成功
finish with 完成,与。。。断绝关系
finish up with 以。。。结束
make/start/light a fire 生火
catch fire 着火
on fire 着火
set fire to/set ….on fire 纵火
under fire 遭到攻击,受到严厉批评
flash out 勃然大怒
flash upon 突然想起
flesh and blood 血肉之躯,人
in the flesh 活着的,本人,亲自
flesh wound 皮肉之伤
gain/put on flesh 长胖
lose flesh 消瘦
in flood 河水泛滥,遭水淹
in the flower of 在。。。旺盛时期
in flower 花正盛开
in focus 焦距对准
out of focus 焦距没对准
fold up 折起
with folded arms 交臂(无所行动),袖手旁观
as follows 如下
It follows that 那么(可以说),根据。。。判断
make a fool of 愚弄,欺骗
fool sb. into doing sth. 哄骗某人做。。。
fool sb. out of sth./fool sth. out of sb. 骗取某人某物
stand on one’s own feet 自食其力
by force 用暴力,强迫
by force of 靠。。。力量
come into for ce 生效,实施
force sth.on 把。。。强加在
in force 在实施中
forget oneself 忘我,奋不顾身
in the form of 以。。的形式/状态
have one’s fortune told 请人。。。算命
make a/one’s fortune 发财
try one’s fortune 碰运气
backward(s) and forward(s) 来回,前后
for free 免费地
free from 摆脱。。。的
free of 无。。。的
set free 释放
be friends with 和。。。友好/交友
keep friends with 与。。。保持友好关系
make friends again 重修和好
shake with fright 吓得发抖
be frightened at 受。。。惊骇,见。。。大吃一惊
frighten sb. into/out of doing sth. 恐吓某人做/不做某事
for/in fun 开玩笑地
make fun of 取笑
in future/for the future 从今以后
in the (near/not too distant) future 在(不久后)的将来
高中英语词组•搭配整理<2>
make games of 取笑,戏弄
play a double game 耍两面派
play the game 遵守比赛规则,诚实正直
talk garbage 说废话
in general 一般,总体
for generations 一连好几代,数代相传
from generation to generation/generation after generation 世世代代
gesture language 手势语
get about/around/round 走动,消息传开
get along (with) (事情)进展,(与人)相处
get away from 逃离
get away with (侥幸)做成,偷走
get back 返回,取回
get close (to) 接近
get down to 开始认真做。。。
get in 进入,收获,插话
get into 进入,陷入,染上习惯
get off 脱下(衣服),下车
get on 上车,穿上
get out of 逃离,从。。。中出去
get over 从。。。中恢复,克服(困难),解决(问题),将。。。讲清楚
get round 回避,说服,争取(某人)
get through 通过,打通(电话),干完(工作),度过(时间),(使)通过(考试),(将。。。)讲清楚
get to 到达,接触到,开始, 着手处理
give away 赠送,牺牲
give back 归还,送回
give in 认输,投降,屈服(to) 交上,呈上
give off 发出
give out 用尽,精疲力竭,分发,宣布,发出
give over to 留作(特定用途)
give up 放弃,投降
give way to 让步,退却,让路于
the glad hand (别有用心的)热烈欢迎
at a/the first glance 看一眼就
glance at/over 扫视,一瞥
take/give a glance at 看一看
be glued to 粘到。。。上,不愿离开
go about 着手做,处理,忙于
go after 追赶,追求
go against 反对,违背,对。。。不利
go ahead 开始,进行
go along 进行,进展,(with)赞同
go around/round 流传,到处走动
go back 回去,回溯,回忆起
go by 经过,过去
go for 为。。。去,去请,努力获取
go home 击中要害
go in for 从事,酷爱,参加
go into 进入,加入,调查
go off 离去,去世,消失
go on 发生,继续
go out (潮)退,(灯)熄,终止,过时,外出,送出,公布,播出
go over 检查,复习
go through 浏览,翻阅,通过
go up 上升,增长
go with 伴随,与。。。相配
go wrong 出毛病
get/kick/score a goal 进一球/得一分
golden saying 金玉良言
in good time 及时地,适时地
good for 价值为
make the grade 成功,合要求
on the up/down grade 走上/下坡路
Granted/Granted that 即使。。。也
take … for granted 认为。。。理所当然
beyond/without sb.’s grasp 为某人不能理解
down to the ground 完全,彻底
on (the) grounds of 根据
group by group 分批地
in a group/groups 成群地
grow into 长大成为
grow out 出芽,长出,向外生长
grow out of 产生自。。。,长大得与。。。不再相称
keep guard 放哨,守望
off guard 不当班,不备,疏忽
on guard 值班,警戒
guess at/make a guess at 猜一猜
be guilty for 对。。。内疚
be guilty of 有。。。罪
H
out of habit 出于习惯
in half 成两半
half knowledge 一知半解
at hand 在手边,在附近,即将到来
by hand 用手工
hand down 留传,把。。。传下去
hand in 交上,交付
hand in hand 手拉手,联合
hand out 分发,施舍
hand over 移交,交出
hang together (人)团结,(言论)一致,相符
hang on 坚持,抓紧,不挂断
hand up 挂断,悬挂
in harmony with 与。。。协调一致
have a gift for 对。。。有天赋
have a …time 过得。。。
have fun with 玩的高兴
have on 穿着,带着
have …on 有事,有约会
hear about 听到有关。。。的情况
hear of 听说
heat and soul 全心全意地
learn … by heart 默诵
lose heart 灰心
can’t help but 不由得,不得不
help oneself to 自用(食物)擅自取用
help out 帮某人摆脱困难
here and now 现在,马上
here and there 到处
hide and seek 捉迷藏
hire out 出租
hit on/upon 忽然想出
hold one’s head high 昂首,趾高气扬
catch/get/take hold of 抓住
hold…back 阻止
hold on 别挂断
hold out 伸出
hold up 举起,阻挡,停顿
be honored from 因。。受到尊敬
in honor of 为向。。。表示敬意,为庆祝,为纪念
in (the) hope of/in hopes of 怀着。。。的希望
lay one’s hope(s) on sb. 把希望寄托在某人身上
in horror 恐惧的
to sb.’s horror 令。。。感到恐惧的是
hour after hour 令。。。感到恐惧的是
keep early hours 早睡早起
keep late hours 晚睡晚起
keep house 管理家务,做家务
How come…? 怎么会。。。的?
go hungry 挨饿
be hungry for 渴望得到
hunt out 搜寻出
I
improve on/upon 改进,胜过
inch by inch 渐渐地
follow instruction 服从指示
take an interest in 对。。。感兴趣
lose interest in 对。。。失去兴趣
at intervals 不时,每隔一段时间/空间
in the intervals 不久,一会儿
be involved in 被牵连,陷入
J
The upper/lower jaw 上/下颚
Jaws of death 鬼门关
make a joke about sb./sth.. 拿。。。开玩笑
play jokes on sb.戏弄
go on/make a journey 去旅行
judge from/by 从。。。判断
in one’s judgment 按。。。的看法
pass judgment on sb. 对。。。宣判
jump at 迫不及待地接受
jump the queue 插队
jump to one’s feet 跳起来
be junior to 比。。。年少/低级
a sense of justice 正义感
do justice to 公正地对待
bring… to justice 对。。。依法处理
K
be keen on/to do 对。。。热心/渴望
keep goal 守球门
keep away from 避开,不接近
keep back 扣住,留下,隐瞒
keep off (使)让开,(使)不接近
keep on 继续
keep out 挡住 使不进去
keep to 遵守,坚持
keep up 维持,保持
kick about/around 被闲置,被随意放置,到处游荡,非正式讨论
get a kick out of 从中得到乐趣
kick in 破门而入,踢坏
kick off (足球)开球
be of a kind 同一种类的
with kindness 亲切地
out of kindness 出于好心
kiss away 吻去
bend the knee to 向。。。求饶
fall/go on one’s knee 下跪
on one’s knee 跪着,哀求,筋疲力尽
knock at 敲
knock down 撞倒
knock into sb. 撞在。。。身上
knock off 敲掉,击倒,扣除,停工,下班
knock out 打昏,击倒
knock over 打翻
know … from …分辨
know of sb. 听说过某人
obtain/gain a knowledge of 学到。。知识
have no knowledge of 不理解,不认识
to my knowledge 据我所知
L
for/by/from/through lack of 因缺乏
no lack of 充足的
the ladder to/of success 成功的阶梯
kick down the ladder 过河拆桥
as innocent as a lamb 天真无邪
by land 走陆路
land on one’s feet 化险为夷
the spoken/written language 口语/书面语
medical language 医学用语
talk large 说大话
the last but one 倒数第二
at last 最后
last of all 最后
to the last 直到最后,彻底
be late for 做。。迟到
be late with 迟做某事
laugh away 一笑了之
go to law提出诉讼
obey/break the law 守/犯法
by law 根据法律
lay aside 把。。。搁置一旁,留存,储存
lay down 放下,交出,规定,制订
lay off (暂时)解雇,下岗
take the lead 带头
a leading figure 领头人物
a leading role 主角
come into leaf 生叶
turn over a new leaf 翻开崭新的一页,改过自新
in leaf 长叶的
in league with 与。。。联合
lean on sb. for help 依靠。。。帮助
learn one’s lesson 吸取教训
learn sth. by heart 记住
learn about/of 得知,了解,学习
learned man 学者
learned discussion 学术讨论
last but not least 最后但同样重要的
not in the least 一点也不
ask for leave 请假
on leave 休假
leave about 乱丢,乱放
leave …alone 不管,不干涉
leave behind 留下
leave for 前往
leave off 不再穿,不继续,停止
leave out 省去,丢去
leave over 留下,剩下,使延期
be on one’s legs 站起来
at full length 伸展全身,详尽地
at length 结局,最后,详细,充分
even less 更不用说
give lessons 教课
have/take lessons 上课
draw/learn lessons from 从。。中吸取教训
give/teach sb. a lesson 给。。。一个教训
let alone 更不用说
let …alone/be 不要管
let in 放进
let off 放掉(蒸汽),放(炮,烟火)放过 饶恕
let out 泄露,发(声)
in letter and in spirit 在表面形式上和在精神实质上
to the letter 严格地
be level with/on a level with 与。。。齐平
at liberty 自由的
under licence 经特许的
lie on one’s stomach 俯卧
lie back 仰靠
lie about/around 到处乱放,闲着
lie ahead 即将发生
lie by 在。。。旁边,在手边,搁置不用
lie down 躺下,屈服
lie in 在于
make a life 习惯于新的生活方式
bring … to life 使。。。复活,给。。。活力
come to life 苏醒,开始有生气
for life 一生
full of life 充满活力,生机
in life 在一生中,在世间
give one’s life for 为。。。献出生命
give one’s life to 投身于
bring… to light 曝光
come to light 显露
in (the) light of 由于
light up 照亮,点燃,容光焕发
throw/cast light on/upon 使人了解,阐明
like it or not 不管喜不喜欢
and the like 等等,诸如此类
limit sb. to (doing) sth. 限制某人(做)某事
set limits/a limit to 对。。。限制
go beyond/over the limit 超出限度
in line 整齐
in line with 与。。。一致
line up 排队
on line 联机的,在线的
link up 汇合,碰头
little by little 一点点地
not a little 不少
live by 靠。。。(方式,手段)生活
live on 以。。。为食/生
live out 活过,实践
live through 活过,经过。。。还或者
loads of 很多
lock up 锁藏,监禁
before long 不久
long for 渴望
look back over one’s shoulder 回头看
look ahead 为未来打算
look away from 把目光从。。。移开
look back on 回顾,回忆
look into 向。。窥视,调查
look out 当心
look through 浏览
look up 仰视,查阅
loose talk 闲谈
get/break loose 跑掉
set loose 出发,开始
lose oneself in thought 陷入沉思
at a loss 茫然不知所措
lower oneself 自降身份
lower one’s voice 降低声音
have no luck in 不顺利
try one’s luck 碰运气
in/out of luck 走运/不走运
M
machine gun 机关枪
be mad about 对。。。着迷
go mad with 欣喜若狂
like mad 疯狂地,拼命地
practice/work magic 施魔法
with main strength 用尽全力
in the main 大体上,基本上
major in 主修
make out 辨认出,看出,理解
make up 编造,捏造,化妆,补充,和好
make up for 补偿
all manner of 各种各样的
in a …manner 用。。。的方式
many a 不止一个,一个又一个的
be marked on 标记在
mark down 记下,降低。。。的价格
mark out 规划,划线,标出。。。界限
bring…to market 把。。。推上市
come into the market 上市
on the market (市场)有出售
marry off 嫁出女儿/儿子
mask over 戴面具,掩饰,使模糊
under the mask of 在。。。掩盖/伪装下
a mass of/masses of 大量
mass communication/media 大众传媒
match…with… 将。。。和。。。匹配
serve a meal 上菜
eat between meals 吃零食
at meals 在用餐
be meant to do 要做,必须做
by all means 无论如何,务必,当然可以
by means of 用。。。的方法
by no means 绝不
by this means 通过这种方式
in the meantime 在。。。期间
beyond measure 无可估量,极度。过分
make … to one’s measure 依照。。。的尺寸做
measure up 合格,符合标准
take measurements 量尺寸
the medicine for cold 感冒药
by/through the medium of 以。。。为媒介
meet up with 偶然碰到
meet with 和。。。邂逅,撞见,遭遇,经历
arrange/organize a meeting 筹备/组织会议
attend/have a meeting 开会
call/hold a meeting 召开会议
cancel/postpone a meeting 取消/延期会议
melt away 融化掉,消失
memorial park 陵园,公墓
memorial meeting 追悼会
from memory 根据记忆
in memory of/to the memory of 为纪念
mental labor 脑力劳动
not to mention/without mentioning 更不用说
at the mercy of 任凭。。。摆布/支配
have mercy on/upon 同情,怜悯
show mercy to/show sb. mercy 同情
in a mess 乱七八糟
mess about/around 浪费时间,闲荡,轻率对待
mess up 把。。。弄糟,弄乱,弄脏
mess with 干预,介入,干扰
the middle class 中产阶级
military power/training 军事力量/军训
lose one’s mind 失去理智
mind and body 身心
bear/keep in mind 记住
bring… to mind 使。。。想起
have sth. in mind 想要,(想到,计划)做。。。记得
to my mind 依我看来
mineral deposit 矿藏
to the minute 准时
work/do a miracle 创造奇迹
look in(to) the mirror 照镜子
be miserable at 为。。。苦恼
miss out 省略,以往,不包括
by mistake 弄错
mistake…for… 把。。。错认成
mix…with 把。。。和。。。混合
mix up 混淆,弄乱,搅拌
at any moment 随时
for the moment 暂时
put money into 投资于
raise money 筹款
by the month 按月
moral standards 道德标准
at (the) most 至多,大不了
make the most of 充分利用
in motion 运动中
set/put … in motion 使。。。动起来
mourn for/over 哀悼
as poor as a church mouse 一贫如洗
from mouth to mouth 口口相传
take ….in one’s mouth 把。。。叼在嘴中
with one mouth 异口同声地
a mouthful of 一口
move about 四处走动,转换工作
move on 继续前进,继续搬迁
go to the movies 去看电影
as much as 尽。。。那样多
not so much as do 甚至不
murmur a secret to sb.低声告诉。。。一个秘密
spring/shoot/pop up like mushroom 如雨后春笋般涌现
N
be named after 根据。。。命名
by (the) name (of) 名叫
call sb.’s name 谩骂某人
get/make a name (for oneself) 成名
in the name of 以。。。的名字
have a nap 小睡一会
in a narrow sense 在狭义上
a narrow majority 微弱的多数
national flag 国旗
be native to 原产于
native land 祖国
native language 本国语
natural gas 天然气
Mother Nature 大自然
by nature 生性
in nature 本质上
in the nature of 具有。。。性质
true to nature 逼真的
a near escape 九死一生
near at hand 在近旁,即将到来
near by 在附近
not nearly 远不及
be under the necessity of doing sth. 处于迫切需要。。。的状态
of necessity 必定
break one’s neck doing sth. 拼命于
neck and neck 并驾齐驱
fill one’s need 满足需要
have need of 需要
in need 在困难,危急中
neglect one’s duty 玩忽职守
calm one’s nerve 定神
lose one’s nerve 失去勇气
be all nerves 神经紧张
be/feel nervous about/at 因。。。紧张
mosquito net 蚊帐
cast/throw a net 撒网
draw in a net 拉网,收网
net weight 净重
never…but… 每当。。。必定
be new to 对。。。不熟悉
in the next place 其次,第二点
all night long/all the night through 整夜
by night 趁黑夜,在夜间
throughout the night 通宵达旦
nod to sb. 向。。。点头
nod sb. a welcome/nod a welcome to sb. 向。。。。表示欢迎
greet sb. with a nod 点头打招呼
none other than 就是
none the less 仍然
talk nonsense 胡说
at high noon 正当午
at the noon of one’s life 壮年期
above/below normal 高出/低于标准
north by east 北偏东
blow one’s nose 擤鼻涕
hold one’s nose 捏鼻子
count/tell noses 数人数
lead sb. by the nose 牵着某人鼻子走
nose to nose 面对面
compare notes 交换意见
note down 记下
take/make a note 记下
take note of 注意
come to nothing 没有结果,失败
for nothing 免费
have nothing of 不理睬
nothing but 除了
bring sth. to sb.’s notice 使。。。注意
come into sb.’s notice 使。。。注意
pay no notice to 对。。。毫不在意
without notice 不事先通知
(every) now and then 有时
for now 目前,当前
now …than…. 时而。。。时而。。。
up to now 到现在为止
nuclear family 核心家庭
an even/odd number 偶/奇数
by number 按号码
beyond number 多得数不清
in number 在数量上
O
object to 反对
have/make/raise/take an/no object to 反对/不反对
under obligation 有义务,欠人情
powers of observation 观察力
under observation 在接受观察
take/have the occasion to do 借/有机会做
on occasion(s) 有时,间或
by occupation 职业
occupy oneself/be occupied (in) doing/with sth. 专心于,忙于
be of frequent/rare occurrence 经常/很少发生
on and off 断断续续
offer one’s hand 伸手帮忙
offer money for 出价
offer oneself to 献身于
make an offer to do/of 表示愿意,想要。。
take/leave office 就/离职
in office 执政,当权
out of office 不执政,不当权
burn the night oil 开夜车
pour oil on fire/the flames 火上浇油
omit doing sth./to do sth. 忽略做某事
on and on 不停地
all at once 突然,同时
once (and) for all 一劳永逸地,永远地
by ones and twos 三三两两地
be oneself 行为正常,头脑清醒
come to oneself 清醒
for oneself 亲自地
of oneself 自动地,自然而然地
to oneself 只对自己
only too 非常,极其,遗憾
be open with 不隐瞒
in the open 在户外,公开地
open up 打开,张开,开放,开发,开辟
opening time 开始营业时间
opening words 开场白
operate on sb. (for some disease) 给。。。动手术治病
in operation 运转中,操作中
come into operation 开始运转,实施起来
put/bring into operation 开始运转,实施起来
put/bring into operation (使)实施,起作用,生效
give/express one’s opinion on/upon 对。。。发表意见
have a good high opinion of 对。。。高度评价
optional subjects 选修课
or rather 更确切地说
an oral examination/test 口试
take one’s order 点菜
in order 状况良好
in the right/wrong order 秩序整齐/乱
on order 已定购但未到货
out of order 不整齐,状况不佳
out of the ordinary 非凡的
by origin 出身,籍贯
every other day 每隔一天
one after the other 相互地
other than 不同于
between ourselves 只有你我知道
outward and homeward 来回
an overhead highway/railway 架空公路/铁路
owe sb. some money/owe some money to sb. 欠某人钱
owe to 归功于,应感谢
 
高中英语词组•搭配整理<3>
keep pace with 跟上
a pack of 一群,一伙
pack…in/into 把。。。挤在里面
pack off 匆匆打发
pack up 收拾行李,打包解雇
a package of deal/offer 一揽子交易
in packets 成包,成盒
turn the page over 翻过一面
the pages of history 历史记录
bear/endure/under pain 忍受痛苦
take pains 尽力,费苦心,耐心
pale by comparison 相形见绌
as flat as a pancake 非常平坦
be seized/stuck with (a) panic 惊慌失措
go/get into a panic 陷入恐慌
in a panic 恐慌
set a paper 出考题
on paper 以书面形式
parallel to 与。。。类似,与。。。平行
a parcel of 一包
parking lot 停车场
for the most part 多半,大多数,主要地
play a part (in) 扮演角色,起作用,参与
part with 放弃
be particular about 对。。讲究,挑剔
in particular 尤其,特别
partner for life 终身伴侣
farewell party 欢送会
a party of 一群,一伙
pass away 去世
pass by (从)外部经过
pass down 把。。。传给后代
pass on 传递
pass through 穿过,贯穿,通过(从内部)
have no patience with 不能容忍
out of patience with 对。。。。忍不住
with patience 耐心地
be patient of/in sth. 忍耐。。。
be patient with/towards sb. 对。。。有耐心
without pause 不停地
pay in advance 预付
pay on delivery 货到付款
full pay 全薪
pay back 偿还,还债,报复
pay for 支付,付钱,为。。。接受处罚/付出代价
pay in 缴款
pay off 付清,得到回报
in payment for 以偿还,以回报
as like as two peas 一模一样
at peace 处于和平
hold one’s peace 保持沉默
in peace 安静地,平安地
make peace with 和解
the peak hours of traffic 交通高峰时间
pedestrian crossing/bridge 人行道/人行桥
pennies from heaven 不劳而获之物
penny wise and pound foolish 小事聪明,大事糊涂
reach perfection 达到极致
give/put on a performance 举行表演
without permission 未经许可
in (one’s own) person 亲自
in the person of 以。。。的资格,代表
on the phone 在电话里,在通话中
take photographs 照相
physical examination 体检
pick on 作弄,挑剔
pick up 捡起,停下让某人搭车,救起,偶然发现,弄到,听到,取,接,路上收取,加速
pick up with 偶然认识
take/have a picnic 去野餐
pile up 堆积,积聚
(sit) on pins and needles 如坐针毡
have/take pity on 同情,怜悯
in pity of 可怜
out of pity 出于怜悯
in place 在适当位置,在原处
in place of/in sb.’s place 代替,取代
out of place 不适当的,不在正确位置
take one’s place 入座,代替某人职务
take place 发生,出现
take the place of 代替
to be plain with you 坦白对你说
speak plain/plainly 坦白地说
bring… into play 使。。。活动
out of play (球赛中)被判出局
play at 参加,玩
play away 玩掉,浪费掉
play back 放送(唱片,磁带)
play on 利用(感情)
play with 考虑做。。。(+the idea of doing)以。。。为消遣,玩弄;推到一边不吃(+one’s food)
as you please 随你喜欢
if you please 劳驾,对不起
be pleased with/at/about/by 对。。。。满意
at one’s pleasure 听便,随意
for pleasure 为享乐,消遣
have the pleasure of 有。。。的荣幸
take (a) pleasure in 以。。。为乐
with pleasure 高兴地,十分愿意
at pledge 做抵押
put one’s hand to the plough 认真地开始工作
plug in 给。。。接通电源,连接
pocket money 零用钱
pocket edition 袖珍版
off the point 不切题
on the point of 正要。。。之际
point by point 一点点地
to the point 切题
political party 政党
political power 政权
be poor/low in 在。。。方面差
be popular with 为。。。所喜爱
a popular price 廉价
hold the position as 担任。。。的职务
put in a …position 使处于。。。境地
in a position to do sth. 能够做
in position 在适当位置
out of position 不在适当位置
be possessed of 具有
in possession of 拥有
in the possession of 为。。。占有
take possession of 占有,占据
stick to one’s post 坚守岗位
pour into 涌入
pour out 倾吐
be in power 执政
come to/into power 当权
do everything in one’s power to do 竭尽全力做
in practice 在实践中,实际上
out of practice 生疏的
put in/into practice 实行
in praise of 为赞扬
praise sb. for sth. 为。。赞扬
sing high praise of 高度赞扬
pray for 祈求
take precautions against 预防
the introduction/preface to a book 一本书的导言/序言
prefer a charge against sb.向。。。提出控告
be preferable to 比更好,更可取
be pregnant with 充满
make preparations of 为。。。准备
in sb.’s presence 当某人的面
presence of mind 镇定自若
for the present 目前,暂时
up to the present 直到现在
preserve …from… 保护,以免
at high/low pressure 紧张地
put pressure on sb. 给。。。施加压力
under the pressure of 在。。。压力下
pay a heavy price for 为。。。付出沉重代价
at any price 无论如何
at a …price/at a/the price of 以。。。的价格
be proud of/take a pride in/pride oneself on 以。。。而自豪
with pride 骄傲地
in principle 原则上,大体上
on principle根据原则
in print 已出版,在印刷中
out of print 已绝版
prior to 在。。。之前
break (out of) prison 越狱
cast/put/throw sb. into prison 把。。。关进监狱
in prison 在狱中
out of prison 出狱
be taken prisoner 被俘
in private 私下,秘密地
in (the) process of 在。。。过程中
make progress (in…)在。。。方面取得进步
break a promise 不守信
keep a promise 守信
make a promise 答应,许诺
promise oneself 决定,期待
pronounce sentence of death on 宣判。。。。的死刑
in proportion as+从句/to+名词 与。。。成比例
in(out of) proportion (with) (与。。。)(不)成比例
provide sb.with sth.=provide sth. to/for sb. 向某人提供某物
in public 当众,公开地
pull down 拆毁
pull in (车)停下
pull off 完成,扯下,脱去
pull oneself up 立起身来
pull out 拔出,抽出,驶出,摆脱困境
pull through (使)度过危机,恢复健康
pump from 从。。。。里面抽
be punctual to the minute 一分不差
punish sb. for sth. 因。。。惩罚某人
punish sb. with death 把。。。处死
pure and simple 完全的,十足的
on purpose 故意地
to the purpose 中肯地
with the purpose of 为了
pursue after 追逐
push one’s way 挤出一条路
push oneself forward 极力表现自己
push …in…把。。。挤进
push on 匆匆向前
push over 推倒
push up 把。。。顶起
put down 放下,写下,扑灭,平息,镇压
put forward 向前行动,提出建议,计划,推荐,把钟拨快
put into 把。。。放进,使进入,把。。。译成,在。。。。上种植
put off 推迟
put on 穿上,上演
put through 接通(电话)
put up 挂起,张贴,举起,建造,搭起
put up with 忍受
be puzzled that/why 不明白
Q
quantities/a quantity of 许多
in quantity 大量
have a quarrel with sb. (about/over) sth. 因。。。与。。。争吵
fight one’s quarrels for sb. 帮。。。争吵
beyond (all) question/without question 毫无疑问
out of question 没问题的,办得到的
out of the question 不可能的,办不到的
be quick at figures 算得快
quite a few/little/bit 相当多
quite some 非常多
quite something 很棒
R
as timid as a rabbit 害羞的,胆怯的
race against the clock 和时间赛跑
have/run a race with 和。。。赛跑
in all the colours of the rainbow 五颜六色的
at close range 接近地
range from …to…. 在。。。范围内变化
like a rat in a hole 像瓮中之鳖
at any rate 无论如何,至少
at/this that rate 既然这样/那样。这样/那样的话
at the rate of 以。。。的比例
rather than 倒不如说
would/had rather …than… 宁可。。而不。。
be raw to 对。。没有经验
beyond/out of one’s reach 够不着,力所不及
reach one’s hand for 伸手拿
within one’s reach/within reach of 够得到,力所能及
reach at 企图去够
reach after 企图去摸(抓),企图获得名利,弄懂问题
reach for 伸手去拿
read one’s mind 理解。。的心思
read between the lines 体会字里行间的意思,了解言外之意
read out 高声朗读,把。。。读出声,读出(资讯)
read through/over 把。。。从头到尾读完,(演员排演前)读剧本对台词
read about 在。。。中得知
be/get ready for 乐意做。。。
be ready with 准备好所说的话
by reason of 因为,由于
for no (good) reason
for reasons of 因。。。的理由
in reason 合理,正当,理所当然
with/without reason 有/没道理
on receipt of 一收到就。。。
reception room 会客室
have reference 和。。。有关系
make (a) reference of 说道,谈到,参考
with/in reference to 关于。。。,就。。。而论
without (any) reference 和。。。无关
give one’s regards/respects to… 代某人向。。。问好
regret to say/tell you/inform you that 很遗憾。。。
to one’s regret 令某人可惜的是
relating to 关于
bear no/some relation to 和。。。无/有关系
in relation to 有关,涉及,和。。。相比
relative to 和。。。比较起来,关于。。。的
be relaxed about 对。。。感到轻松
be relaxed with sb. 和。。。相处随意而轻松
remind sb. of sth. 提醒某人某事
for rent 出租
rent out 把。。。租出去
in bad repair=out of repair 失修的
in good repair 修好的
under repair 在修理中
in reply (to) 为答复。。。
report back 回报,汇报
be representative/characteristic/typical of 有。。。的典型/特点
have a reputation for 以。。。而闻名
at sb.’s request/at the request of sb. 应。。。的要求
be in request 有需要,受欢迎,被争着要
by request 依照请求,应邀
on/upon request 一经请求
(do) research into/on 对。。。进行调查
resign oneself to 对。。。自暴自弃
out of respect 处于尊敬
in respect of 关于,至于
in response to 作为对。。。的回应
do sth. on one’s own responsibility 自己负责做某事
take the responsibility for 负起对。。。的责任
be responsible to sb./for sth. 对。。。负责
be restricted to (doing) sth. 限于
resume doing 继续做
in return (for) 作为(对。。。)的回报
on my return 我一回来就。。。
return to oneself 苏醒,醒悟
in reward 作为报答/奖赏
rid sb. of 使。。。摆脱。。。
ride in/on a train/boat/plane 乘火车/船/飞机旅行
ride on a horse 骑马
right of wrong 不管怎样
stand on one’s rights 坚持自己的权利
ring off 挂电话
give rise to 引起,使发生
on the rise (物价)在上涨,在增加
rise to one’s feet 站起来
at all risks/at any risk 无论如何
at risk 处境危险
at the risk of 冒着。。。的危险
take a/the risk 冒险
by road 经由公路
on the road(s) to 在去。。。途中,在。。。过程中,转变中,
as firm as a rock 坚如磐石
on the rocks 触礁,遭难,濒临破产(毁灭,破灭)
call the roll 点名
roll back 把(录音带)卷回,倒回
roll in 滚滚而来,大量涌来
roll over 翻滚
roll up 卷起
room and board 膳宿处
rot away 烂掉,朽坏,身体衰弱
round about 周围的,附近的
round and round (围绕。。。)旋转的
round up 将。。。赶拢
in a row 一个接一个地,接连不断地
bring ….to ruin 使毁灭,没落
fall in/into ruin 灭亡,荒废
go/come into ruin 灭亡,荒芜
in ruins 成废墟,毁灭,破坏
as a rule 通常,一般说来
by rule 按照规则地
rule out 排除
rule over 统治,管辖
in the long run 终究,到最后
run across 偶遇,跑过,横跨
run after 追捕,追求
run against 与。。。相撞,邂逅,违反,不利于
run away 跑开,逃走,花掉
run into 偶遇,相碰,撞上,跑进,插进
run off 跑离,逃走,使流出,流畅地写,唱
run out 用完(物作主语)
run out of 用完(人作主语)
rush at 冲向
rush into 冲进
rush out 冲出,将。。。大量地赶制出来
S
at the sacrifice of 牺牲
sacrifice oneself/one’s life for 为。。。而牺牲
in/with safety 安全地
for sale 待售,供出售
on sale (廉价)出售
with satisfication 满意地
be satisfied of 确信
save…from (doing) 拯救。。。免于
say to oneself 心里想
that is to say 换句话说
as the saying is/goes 常言道
go without saying 不用说
on a ….scale 以。。。规模
(be) scared to death 吓死了
be scared of 害怕
scare off/away 吓跑
behind the scenes 在幕后,不公开的
on the scene 在现场,当场
be skeptical of /about 对。。。怀疑
ahead of schedule 提前
behind schedule 比规定时间晚
on schedule 按时间表,及时,准时
scores of 许多
a sea of faces 人山人海
at sea 在海上,茫然,不知所措
at the sea 在海边
by sea 由海路
by the sea 在海边
go to sea 去当水手
go to the sea 到海滨去
search after 探索,寻找
in season 应时的,时令的
out of season 已过时的
in secret 秘密地
see about 负责处理
sea after 照顾
see through 看透,识破
see to 注意,照料
you see 你瞧,你是知道的
seek after/for 寻求,追求
seek out 找出,寻出
seize sb. by the arm 抓住。。。胳膊
seize on /upon 利用
sell off 廉价甩卖
sell up 卖掉
send away 把。。。打发走
send for 派人去请
send off 邮寄,发送
send out 发送,派遣
send up 发射,发出,使上升
be senior to 比。。。年长
make sense 讲的通,有意义
in a sense 从某种意义上来说
in no sense 决不
out of one’s sense 发疯
be sensible of 可察觉出
be sensitive to 对。。。敏感
be sentenced to 被判处。。。。徒刑
public servant 公务员
set about 着手做
set aside 储蓄,留出
set down 放下
set in 设置(戏剧,小说)背景
set forth 陈述,提出,出发动身
set off 动身,出发,引起
set out 动身,启程出发,开始
set up 建立,创立
settle down 定居,平静下来,专心于
settle in/into 在新居安定下来,适应新环境
make a settlement on 将财产赠与
sew up 把。。。缝在里面
shade …from… 使。。。免受(照射)
under the shadow of…. 在。。。。庇护下,因。。。的影响
shake one’s head 摇头
shake off 摆脱,抖落
shake out 抖掉(灰尘),摇动(容器),使里面的东西抖出来
shake up 使重组,是震惊
feel shame at 因。。。羞愧
in shame 羞愧
to one’s shame 令。。。感到羞愧的是
follow the shape of 依照。。。的形状
in shape 在形状上
in the shape of 以。。。的形式
shed blood 流血
shed light on/upon 发射光给。。。,将。。。弄明白
fly sheet 传单
on the shelf 被搁置
shelter ..from… 保护
shine down over 照在。。。上
bamboo shoots 竹笋
shoot at 向。。。。射击
shoot up 射出,喷出,迅速长高,急升,猛涨
in shore 近岸
off shore 离岸
on shore 在岸上
run short (of) 少,用完
shout at/to 对。。。大喊
shout down 大声喝止某人说话
show ab. Around 带领某人参观
show … in 带。。。进来
show off 炫耀
show up 暴露,来到,露面
shrink from 畏缩不前
shut away 把。。。与外界隔绝
shut down 关闭
shut off 关掉,停止,使隔离
shut up 闭嘴,隔离,监禁,关闭,关锁,门窗
be sick in the car 晕车
by the side of 在。。旁边
from all sides 从四面八方,从各方面
from side to side 左右地
on one’s side 和。。。站在同一边
side by side 肩并肩地
at first sight 乍一看
catch sight of 发现,突然看到
in sight 看得见,。。。在望
lose sight of 看不见,忘记,忽略
out of sight 看不见
sign in 签到
sign on/up (to do sth.) 签约受聘/加入
sign out 签名登记离开
give sb. a sign 示意某人
sit down to 着手做
sit up 坐直,不睡,熬夜
be of a size 同一大小
take the size of 量。。。的尺寸
at sixes and sevens 乱七八糟
a slice of 一份,一片
let slide 放任自流
on the slide 每况愈下
slide over 略过
be snowed in/up 被雪困住
be snowed under 被埋在雪里
so…as to 如此,以致
somewhat of 有点
to one’s sorrow 令某人伤心的是
sort out 整理,挑出
clear/thick soup 清/浓汤
soybean/soy sauce 酱油
spare no efforts 不遗余力
not to speak of 更不用说
speak out/up 大胆/大声说出
spell out 拼写出,详细的说明
in spirits 兴致勃勃
out of spirits 无精打采
spit at/on/upon 向。。。吐口水
spit out 吐出,厉声说出
on the spot 在场,到场,立即
submit to 服从
subscribe to 订阅
succeed in (doing) sth. 在(做。。)成功
succeed to sth. 继承
be successful in 在。。。成功
suffer from 受苦,患病
be suited for/to 适合做
be suitable to/for 适合于
in sum 总而言之
sum up 总结,概括于
in summary 总的说来,概括起来
in the sun 在阳光下
under the sun 在天底下/天地间/世界
with the sun 与太阳一起地
at sunset/sunrise 日落/出时
in short supply 短缺
supply sb. with sth.=supply sth. to/for sb. 给某人提供某物
in support of 为了支持
for sure 确切地,肯定
make sure of 查明,弄清楚
on the surface 表面上的,外表上的
be surprised at 对。。。感到惊讶/意外
in surprise 惊异地
take … by surprise 使吃惊/措手不及
suspect sb. of (doing) sth. 怀疑某人(做某事)
swallow up (海浪)吞噬(船),卷进,吞没,花光钱,耗尽(常被动)
swear in 使宣誓就职(常被动)
swear off 保证戒掉
in a cold sweat 出冷汗
sweep off 拂去,扫去
sweep up 打扫,横扫
swimming costume/swim-suit 女游泳衣
draw the sword 拔剑,开战
put up the sword 停战
the sword and the purse 武力和财力
be sympathetic with sb. 对。。。同情
be sympathetic to sth. 对。。。赞同
sympathize with sb. in sth. 因。。。对。。。同情
solar system 太阳系
railway system 铁路网

T
lay/set/spread the table 摆餐桌
at table 在吃饭
at the table 在桌旁
on the table 在桌面的,明摆着的,提交讨论中的,搁置着的
a tablet of 一片,一块
tailor to/for 适合
take a breath 喘气,呼吸
take a nap 小睡
take along 带(某人)去,携(东西)去
take away 带走,移去,减去,消除
take back 取回,带回,归还,取消,收回(说过的话)
take down 拿下,取下,拆卸,记下
take in 吸收,摄取,包含,包括,接受,收容,领会,理解
take it easy 别紧张/着急
take off 起飞,匆匆离开,拿去,取消
take on 承担,从事。呈现,具有
take out 带。。。出去
take over 继承,接管,最终取代
take up 开始从事,着手处理,接下去,拿起,举起,带(某人)去,占据,消耗,采纳,接受
tell/bring/carry tales 搬弄是非
talk business 讲正事
talk…into… 说服。。。做
talk of 提及
talk over (反复)讨论,商量
the finishing tape 终点线
tape recorder 录音机
taste of 有。。。的味道
to one’s taste 合乎。。。的口味/喜好
black/green tea 红/绿茶
tea break/time 喝下午茶时间
make (the) tea 泡茶
a team of 一批,一队,一组
have good teamwork 配合得好
in tears 哭泣,流泪
tear apart 拆散
tear at 撕碎,用力扯,伤害,损坏
tear down 拆掉,拆除
tear up 撕毁
take sb’s temperature 测量。。。体温
have/run a temperature 发烧
put up/strike a tent 搭/拆帐篷
in the long/short term 从长远/眼前看
in terms of 用。。。的话,按照,从。。。方面说
give/take a test 举行/参加考试
a blood test 验血
with that=after that 接着就
go to the theatre 去看戏
theme song 主题曲
in theory 理论上(反义in practice)
there you are 你看,就是这样嘛,就在这儿,请用,你可来了
for one thing,…for another… 首先。。再者。一方面。。。另一方面。。。
think better of 重新考虑决定不做,较高评价
think highly of 对。。。评价高
think of 考虑,想出,提出,建议
think over 思考,考虑
think up 想出,设计出,发明
be thorough in 对。。。仔细
at the thought of 一想到
be lost in thought 陷入沉思
put a thread through one’s needle 穿针引线
a piece/length of thread 一根线
a thread of smoke 一缕青烟
thrill at 因。。。感到兴奋/鼓励
all through 一直,始终
go through 经历,经受
throw about 抛撒,散财,挥动(手腕)
throw at sb. 用刀,剑等向。。。猛刺
throw away 抛弃,丢掉,白费,浪费
throw off 匆匆脱掉,扔掉,摆脱掉
throw up 举起,抛起,吐出,呕吐
tie up 拴住,捆牢
against time 争分夺秒,尽快地,力争及时完成地
all the time 一直,始终
at a time 一次,每次,一度,在某个时候
at all times 无论何时,一直
(at) any time 随时
at no time 绝不,在任何时间都不
at one time (过去)有个时期,一度,同时
at the same time 但,然而。同时
at times 有时
by the time 到。。。时候
for the time being 暂时,眼下
from time to time 不时地
in no time 立刻,很快
in time 及时,还早,总有一天,最后,终于
lose time (钟表)走得慢,耽误时间
time after time/time and again 多次,反复地,不断地
tire out 使累坏
be tired with/from 因。。。而疲倦
be tired of 对。。。厌烦
all too 太
at the top of 在。。。顶端/首位
from top to bottom 从头到脚,完全地
on top 处于优势
on (the) top of 在。。。的上边,另外
lose touch with 失去联系
out of touch 不接触,不联系
within/in touch 在能接触到之处,能达到的,(of)在。。。附近
come to town 到城里来
go (up) to town 上城里去
trade … with sb. 和某人交换。。。
trade with.(company) in sth. 和某公司做。。。生意
family tree 家谱
tremble with 因。。。而颤抖
be on trial 在受审,在实验中
play a trick on/upon 开。。。玩笑
ask/look for trouble 陷入困境
get into trouble 陷入困境
in trouble 处于困境/不幸
be true of 符合于,对。。。适用
come true 实现
in truth 实际上
to tell the truth 说实话
try on 试穿,试戴
try out 考验,检验
tune in (to) 收看,收听
in turn 依次,轮流
take one’s turn 轮到。。。做。。。了
turn around/round 转变,(使)转好
turn away 回绝,把。。。打发走
turn down 关小,调低,拒绝
turn in 上缴,归还
turn into 使变成,变得,翻译成
turn off 关掉
turn on 开,旋开
turn out 结果是,证明是,制造,生产,关掉,旋熄
turn over 打翻,翻身
turn to 翻到,转向,求助于,着手做
turn up 出现,露面,放大,调高,证明是,寻找,查阅,参考
by twos and threes 三三两两地,零星地
one or two 一两个,几个
U
the ultimate ends of the earth 天涯海角
an ultimate principle 基本原则
be uneasy about/in doing sth. 对。。。担心
be unfit for 不适合,不称职
up and down 上上下下,前后,到处
up to 到,知道,取决于。。。的,胜任,。。。的责任,轮到,多达
urge on 驱策,强调
come into use 开始被使用
have no use for 用不着
in use 在使用中
make (full/good/little) use of 充分/不充分使用
of (great…) use 有用
put …to use 使用
use up 用光
be useful to sb. 对某人有用
at the utmost 至多
do/try one’s utmost 尽最大努力
to the utmost 尽力,极度
高中英语词组•搭配整理<4>
go on/take a vacation 度假
on vacation 在休假
in vain 徒劳
be of (great/no) value 有/无价值
vary between…and…/vary…from…and… 由。。。到。。情况不等
vary from 不同于
vary with 随。。。而变化
in my view 我认为
in view of 鉴于,考虑到
by virtue of 借助,由于
pay a visit to 去做客/逗留
give a voice to 大声说出/表达
have (voice)in 对。。。(没)有发言权
with one voice 异口同声地
vote for/against 投票赞成/反对
wait on/upon 俯视,招待,陪伴,拜访
wait up 不睡觉等候某人
at war with 和。。。处于战争状态
declare war on/upon 向。。。宣战
warn sb. of/against danger 警告。。。有危险
wash away 冲走,冲垮,洗掉
wash down 冲下,吞下,咽下
wash up 洗(餐具),洗手洗脸,(浪头)将。冲上岸
on/off watch 在/不在值班
watch out for 密切注意,留神
watch over 守卫,监视
in deep water(s) 在水深火热中
throw/pour cold water on 对。。。泼冷水
all the way 一路上,特地,远道,自始至终
any way 无论如何
by way of 通过。。。方式,经由,为了,以求,作为
give way 让步,屈服
in a way 在某点上,在某种程度上
in no way 绝不
in the way 妨碍
make one’s way 前进,进展,前往
on the way 在路上
out of the way 不碍事
take one’s way to/towards 向。。。走去
weather permitting 天气好的话
at/on weekends 在周末
by weight 以重量计算
over weight 超重
be wet through 湿透
So what? 那又怎么样
What for 为什么
What if 。。。会怎样
What is more 而且
Whether or no/not 无论如何
in whispers/a whisper低语
as white as a sheet 苍白如纸
as white as snow 雪白
as a whole 就整体而言
on the whole 大体上,基本上
be wild about 热衷于,狂热崇拜
at will 随意地
wipe off 擦掉,消灭,摆脱
wipe out 清洁。。。内部
no wonder 不足为奇,怪不得
in a/one word 总之,一句话
in other words/in another word 换句话说
word for word 逐字地
go to work 上班
at work 在工作,在运转
out of work 失业
work at/on 从事于,致力于
work out 算出,制定出,想出
before the world 在全世界面前,公然地
in the world 在世界上,在人世,究竟,到底
to make things worse 使事情更糟糕的是
would rather do 宁愿做
be wrapped up in 完全被包在。。。里,全神贯注于,极爱
in writing 以书面形式
X
Y
all the year round 一年到头
year after/by year 年年,每年
year in year out 年复一年地,不断地,始终
and/but yet 然而,但是

相关标签: 高考英语
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