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2012届高考英语必修3Unit 2顶尖复习教案

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时间:2020-11-09

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2012届高考英语必修3Unit 2顶尖复习教案
Unit 2 Healthy eating 健康膳食
核心词汇
1.Taking regular exercise and having a healthy____________(饮食)are good for your health.
2.We aim to offer good service to all our____________(顾客).
3.You should ____________(权衡)the advantages against the disadvantages before you give up your present job.
4. She usually____________(结合)creative imagination with intelligence to create some wonders.
5.Many thousands of patients have ____________(受益)from this new treatment and recovered quickly.
6.After the tiring trip,his____________(力气)gave out.
7.The teacher told him not to____________(叹息)over the failure of yesterday’s test.
8.His English was so____________(有限的)that he couldn’t even tell the foreign friend where he was from.
9.Children are____________(好奇)about everything,so teachers and parents should satisfy their____________(好奇心).
10.用weak的适当形式填空
(1)If you____________and have a cigarette,do not feel ashamed.
(2)We should know our strengths and____________and think what could be done about them.
1.diet 2.customers 3.balance 4.combines 5.benefited 6.strength 7.sigh 8.limited 9.curious;curiosity 10.(1)weaken (2)weaknesses
高频短语
1.________________  平衡饮食
2.________________  应当;应该
3.________________  减轻体重;减肥
4.________________  被放过;(做坏事)不受惩罚
5.________________  说谎
6.________________  赢回;重新获得
7.________________  谋生
8.________________  欠债
9.________________  暗中监视;侦查
10.________________  削减;删节
11.________________  不久以后
12.________________  增加体重
1.balanced diet 2.ought to 3.lose weight 4.get away with 5.tell a lie 6.win...back 7.earn one’s living 8.in debt 9.spy on 10.cut down 11.before long 12.put on weight
重点句式
1.________ could be ________.
再没有比这些更好吃的了。
2.He could not________Yong Hui____________________!
他可不能让雍慧哄骗人们后而不受惩罚!
3.____________sit down and try a meal?
你为什么不坐下来吃顿饭呢?
4.According to my research,________your restaurant________mine ________ a balanced diet.
我的研究表明,你我两家所提供的都不是平衡膳食。
5.Their balanced diets became____________ before long Wang Peng became slimmer and Yong Hui put on more weight.
他们的平衡膳食如此有效,不久王鹏变得苗条了,而雍慧也长肉了。
1.Nothing;better 2.have;getting away with telling people lies 3.Why don’t you 4.neither;nor;offers 5.such a success that
知识详解
1.balance n. 天平;平衡;结余,余额 v. 平衡;权衡
(回归课本P9)What will happen to you if you don’t eat a balanced diet?
假如你的饮食不均衡会怎么样?
[归纳拓展]
①I think it’s important to have a balance between study and a social life,so I’m going to join a few clubs.
我认为保持学习和社交的平衡很重要,所以我打算参加几个社团。
②(朗文P128)Riding a bike helps develop a child’s sense of balance.
骑自行车有助于培养孩子的平衡感。
③On balance,the company has had a successful year.
总的来说,公司这一年是成功的。
[例句探源]
【高效记忆】
[即境活用]
1.完成句子
(1)众所周知,均衡的膳食使我们身体健康。
As is known to us,________ ________ ________can keep our body healthy.
答案:a balanced diet
(2)生活中他很好地平衡了工作与玩的关系。
There is ________ ________ ________ ________ work and play in his life.
答案:a nice balance between
2.diet n. 日常饮食 vt.& vi. 节食,使实施饮食疗法
(回归课本P9)Everybody has to eat,but do you eat a healthy diet?
每个人都要吃东西,但是你有健康的饮食吗?
[归纳拓展]
①No sugar in my coffee,please;I’m dieting.
请不要给我的咖啡放糖,我在节食。
②(牛津P552)I decided to go on a diet before my holiday.
我决定在休假前节食。
③It is important to have a balanced,healthy diet.
拥有均衡、健康的饮食很重要。
④The doctor put him on a diet after operation.
手术之后,医生规定了他的饮食。
[例句探源]
2.—Would you like some more chicken?
—No,thanks.I am________a diet and I’m trying to ________weight.
A.on;lose         B.on;put on
C.in;have     D.in;lose
解析:选A。on a diet是固定短语,“节食”;lose weight “减肥”。
[即境活用]
3.curiosity n. 好奇心,求知欲
(回归课本P10)Curiosity drove Wang Peng inside.
王鹏受到好奇心的驱使,走了进去。
[归纳拓展]
①(牛津P489)The letter wasn’t addressed to me but I opened it out of curiosity.
那封信不是写给我的,然而我出于好奇把它拆开了。
②(陕西高考)He was curious to know what was happening in the office.
他想知道办公室里正在发生什么事情。
③Children are curious about everything around them.
小孩对周围的所有事物感到好奇。
④It was curious that she didn’t tell anyone.
她没有告诉任何人,这很反常。
[例句探源]
3.(2010年高考天津卷)People have always been________about exactly how life on earth began.
A.curious           B.excited
C.anxious     D.careful
解析:选A。句意:人们一直对世界上的生命起源非常好奇。be curious about对……好奇;excited兴奋的;anxious焦虑的;careful认真的。
[即境活用]
4.lie vi.& n. 说谎;谎话,谎言
(回归课本P10)He could not have Yong Hui getting away with telling people lies!
他可不能让雍慧哄骗人们却不受惩罚!
[归纳拓展]
①(牛津P1165)You could see from his face that he was lying.
从他的表情上你可以看出他在撒谎。
②He didn’t finish his homework last night so he told a lie.
他昨天晚上没有完成作业,所以他说了谎。
③The survivors lay on the beach,exhausted and shocked.
幸存者们躺在沙滩上,疲劳不堪又深感震惊。
④She told me that happiness lies in helping others to be happy.
她告诉我快乐的真谛在于帮助他人变得快乐。
[例句探源]
4.躺在那里的那个人撒谎说他把钱放在桌子上了。
The man ________ there ________ that he had ________ the money on the table.
答案:lying;lied;laid
[即境活用]
5.limit n. 界限;限度 vt. 限制;限定
(回归课本P14)I don’t want to upset you,but I found your menu so limited that I stopped worrying and started advertising the benefits of my food.
我并不想让你心烦,不过我发现你菜谱上的菜太少了,所以我也就不着急了,我也开始宣传我餐馆的食物的好处。
[归纳拓展]
①I’ll help as much as I can,but there is a limit to what I can do.我会尽力帮忙,但我所能够做的也是有限的。
②I believe teaching should not be limited to the classroom.
我认为教学不应该局限在教室内。
③They did well within the limits of their knowledge.
由于知识所限,他们已经做得很好了。
[例句探源]
④(牛津P1175)The amount of money you have to spend will limit your choice.
你要消费的金额限制着你的选择。
⑤This technique is useful but it has its limitations.
这种技术实用但也有局限性。
5.—Is there any________to the time that I can stay here?
—Yes,you must leave here before he comes back.
A.number          B.length
C.limit      D.matter
解析:选C。问句句意:我待在这里的时间有限制吗?limit表“限定,限制”之意。如:My mother sets a limit to the amount of food that I can eat.我母亲限制我的饭量。
[即境活用]
6.benefit v. 使……受益,得益于;得利于
    n. 好处,利益,优势
(回归课本P14)I don’t want to upset you,but I found your menu so limited that I stopped worrying and started advertising the benefits of my food.
我并不想让你心烦,不过我发现你菜谱上的菜太少了,所以我也就不着急了,我也开始宣传我餐馆的食物的好处。
[归纳拓展]
①(牛津P170)We should spend the money on something that will benefit everyone.
我们应该把这笔钱花在大家都能得益的事上。
②I am sure that everyone will benefit a lot from this activity.
我相信大家都会从这个活动中获益良多。
③Many people find that regular physical activity gives them an unexpected benefit.
许多人发现定期锻炼使他们受益匪浅。
④It is said that Yoga is of great benefit to human health.
据说瑜伽对人体健康有很大益处。
[例句探源]
6.A large sum of money has been raised for the________of the poorly­educated children in the mountainous districts.
A.profit      B.favour
C.advantage    D.benefit
解析:选D。for the benefit of...为了……的利益。
[即境活用]
7.As we all know,practicing Yoga________our health;that is to say,our health can________it.
A.benefits to;benefit
B.benefits;benefit from
C.benefits from;benefit
D.benefits;are benefited from
解析:选B。句意:众所周知,练瑜伽有助于我们的健康,也就是说,我们的健康将从练瑜伽中受益。benefit常用于sth.benefits sb.或sb.benefits from sth.结构中,两者均为固定搭配,由该结构可知应选B项。
7.strength n. [U]力量,体力 [C]长处,强项
(回归课本P11)The strength of the diet in Wang Peng’s restaurant was that it provided plenty of energy­giving food.
王鹏餐馆的饮食优点在于它能提供含有足够热量的食物。
[归纳拓展]
①(天津高考)When we think of leadership,we often think of strength and power.
一想到领导才能,我们通常会想到实力和权力。
②(2009年高考浙江卷)Each of us has our own strengths and weaknesses.
我们每个人都有自己的强项和弱项。
③The ability to keep calm is one of her many strengths.
能够保持冷静是她的多项长处之一。
④Our friendship has steadily strengthened over the years.
我们的友谊逐年加深。
[例句探源]
8.(2009年高考浙江卷)Practising Chinese kung fu can not only________one’s strength,but also develop one’s character.
A.bring up         B.take up
C.build up     D.pull up
解析:选C。句意:练中国功夫不仅能增强人的力量,还能培养人的性格。build up one’s strength为固定短语,意为“增强某人的力量”。
[即境活用]
9.To make members of a team perform better,the trainer first of all has to know their________and weaknesses.
A.strengths     B.benefits
C.techniques     D.values
解析:选A。本题考查词汇。strength 此处意为“长处;优势”,根据句意:为了使体育队的成员在比赛中取得更好的成绩,教练首先要了解队员的强项和薄弱的地方,可判断出选A。
8.get away with  被放过,(做坏事)不受惩罚
(回归课本P10)He could not have Yong Hui getting away with telling people lies!
他可不能让雍慧哄骗人们却不受惩罚!
[例句探源]
①For the serious accident,he got away with only a fine.
那么严重的事故,他交了罚款就完事了。
②The child ought to be punished.You shouldn’t let him get away with telling lies!
这孩子应该受到惩罚,对他撒谎这事你不应就这么算了!
③(湖北高考)If we can get over our present difficulties,then everything should be all right.
如果我们克服了目前的困难,那么一切都应该会好起来。
④(重庆高考)Isn’t it time you got down to marking the papers?
你是不是该开始批改试卷了?
[即境活用]
10.(2010年高考福建卷)We’ve just moved into a bigger house and there’s a lot to do.Let’s________it.
A.keep up with    B.do away with
C.get down to        D.look forward to
解析:选C。句意:我们刚搬进一幢较大的房子,有许多事要做。让我们着手做吧。本题考查动词短语辨析。A项意为“跟上”;B项意为“废除,去掉”;C项意为“开始,着手做”;D项意为“期望”。
11.It’s going to rain.Xiao Feng,will you please help me________the clothes on the line?
A.get off     B.get back
C.get in     D.get on
解析:选C。句意:要下雨了。小锋,请你帮我把绳子上的衣服收起来好吗?get off下车;get back返回,回去,回家;get in=to collect or gather sth.收集,收割;get on进展,进步。
句型梳理
1【教材原句】 Nothing could be better.(P10)
再没有比这些更好吃的了。
【句法分析】 (1)形容词的比较级与否定代词nothing连用,表达最高级的含义。有此用法的常用否定词有:no,not,never,hardly,nothing,nobody等。
(2)表示最高级意义的几种特殊结构:
never+比较级
nothing/no+so+原级+as...
nothing/no+比较级+than...
can/could+never/not+enough/too
①It was not until then that I suddenly realized nobody was happier than I was.
直到那时我才突然意识到没有人比我更幸福的了。
②Nothing in my life shook me so deeply as the first visit to China.在我的一生中给我震撼最大的是第一次到中国参观。
③You can never be too careful.你再怎么小心也不过分。
[归纳拓展]
12.(2011年北京海淀区模拟)—Our women athletes achieved great success in the Vancouver Winter Olympic Games.
—Yes.No one could perform________,I think.
A.well          B.better
C.best      D.the best
解析:选B。答句句意:——我们的女运动员在温哥华冬奥会上取得了巨大的成就。——是的。我想,没人比她们表现得更精彩了。此处用“否定形式+比较级”表达“没人比……更……,最……”之意。
13.How beautifully she sings!I have never heard________.
A.the better voice    B.a good voice
C.the best voice    D.a better voice
解析:选D。never ...better...表示最高级,“我从未听过这么好的歌声(嗓音)”。
2【教材原句】 He could not have Yong Hui getting away with telling people lies!(P10)
他可不能让雍慧哄骗人们却不受惩罚!
【句法分析】 (1)have sb.doing 意为“允许某人做某事”时,常用于否定句中;意为“使某人做某事”时,多用于肯定句中。
(2)have sb.do让某人做某事。
(3)have sth.to do有事要做。
①I can’t have you speaking to your mother in a rude manner.You must apologize to her immediately.
我不允许你用那种粗鲁的方式跟你的妈妈说话。你必须立刻向她道歉。
②I have a lot of things to do at present,so I can’t go out with you.
目前我有许多事情要做,因此我不能与你一起出去。
③The teacher had his students read English every morning for half an hour.
这位老师让他的学生每天早上读半个小时的英语。
[即境活用] 
14.The director had her assistant________some hot dogs for the meeting.
A.picked up       B.picks up
C.pick up     D.picking up
解析:选C。句意:主任让她的助手为会议准备了些热狗。have sb.do sth.让某人干某事。如:Mother had me go to the shop and buy some salt.妈妈让我去商店买些食盐。
15.—Excuse me,sir,where is Room 301?
—Just a minute.I’ll have Bob________you to your room.
A.show      B.shows
C.to show     D.showing
解析:选A。此题考查动词have的用法。have sb.do sth.命令或安排某人做某事。
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