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Music Born in America教案

ID:79790

时间:2020-11-09

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Music Born in America教案
Module 4 Music Born in America
I.教学内容分析
 本模块以Music Born in America为话题,介绍了美国的本土音乐,其中包括了Hip Hop,Soul music, Gospel music, Jazz, Blues等。与此同时,还介绍了香港本土的音乐以及几位著名的美国音乐人。通过本模块的学习,要求学生能使用恰当的词汇与同学以音乐为主题展开讨论,了解中外音乐的相互影响,发表对音乐的观点和看法。
Introduction 部分介绍几种美国本土的音乐类型,为整个模块的学习提供了一些知识储备,教师可以适当地帮助学生复习以前学过有关音乐的词汇,让学生能够形成比较系统的词汇网。
Reading and Vocabulary 部分通过阅读一篇介绍Hip Hop的文章,系统地了解Hip Hop的起源、发展及现状。由于这是一篇说明文,在学习过程中教师可以适当地训练学生寻找主题句或归纳段落大意的能力。
Grammar (1) 部分是复习时间状语从句。教师应着重把握时间状语从句学习中常出错的两个方面,一是时态;二是个别引导词的语序问题。
Listening部分有三个内容,一是通过短语配对,让学生学习用英语来解释一些词组,并为后面的听力做好词汇基础的铺垫;二是让学生听一段母子的对话,让学生获取信息完成书上的练习,并着重帮助学生理解几个省略句的意思,为后面的语法课做好语言材料的准备。
Grammar (2) 部分利用听力原文的几个省略句,让学生学会看并知道运用省略句。
Function 部分学习使用比较过去与现在的功能句式。
Everyday English 部分围绕日常生活中常见的交际用语,主要通过选择题的形式让学生进一步理解听力原文中出现的几个短语。如:a bit, my cup of tea, it’s one’s turn to do sth.等。
Reading and Writing部分通过阅读文章,回答三个开放性的问题,使学生开始思考音乐与学习的关系,为后面的写作做好了铺垫。第二部分要求学生根据所提供的问题,写一篇关于学习习惯的文章。
Speaking部分要求学生根据本模块所学的内容,学会就这些音乐的起源及其其他有关音乐的话题展开讨论。
Reading Practice 部分一篇介绍香港本土音乐的说明文,要求学生通过阅读文章,学会概括段落大意,并回答几个与文章细节有关的问题,培养学生对文章理解的能力。
Cultural Corner部分是一篇介绍三位对世界音乐的发展产生影响的音乐家,增加学生对音乐家的认识。
Task部分是对本模块的一个复习与应用,要求学生运用本模块所学的内容,组织一场班级音乐会,并在当中介绍音乐的类型、背景等内容。
Module File部分有助学生对本模块学习内容进行归纳,对自己的学习进行总结和检验。
II.教学重点和难点
1. 教学重点
(1) 掌握一些与音乐相关的词汇。
(2) 学习使用一些比较现在与过去的句型。
(3) 学习时间状语从句和省略句。
2. 教学难点
(1) 听懂有关音乐的交谈并获取信息,听懂课文中有关音乐种类的介绍。
(2) 正确使用一些比较现在与过去的句型。
(3) 学会描写自己的学习习惯,并能写出自己对某种音乐的看法。
III.教学计划
本单元分六个课时:
第一课时:Introduction, Cultural Corner
第二课时:Reading and Vocabulary, Speaking
第三课时:Listening, Function, Everyday English
第四课时:Grammar (1), Grammar (2)
第五课时:Reading Practice
第六课时:Reading and Writing, Module File

IV.教学步骤:
Period 1 Introduction, Cultural Corner
Teaching Goals:
1. To arouse Ss’ interest in learning about music born in America.
2. To get Ss to learn some words to describe music.
3. To get Ss to know something about American music.
Teaching Procedures:
Step 1. Introduction
Purpose: To arouse Ss’ interest in learning about music born in America.
1. Ask Ss to think of the types of music to arouse Ss’ interest in learning about music born in America
Suggested Answers:
There are many types of music: rock music, folk music, light music, rap-hop, country music, classical music, jazz, blues, soul music, gospel music
2. Let Ss work in pairs. Ask them to look at the pictures and answer the following questions.
 (1) What is the difference between a choir and a band?
A ____________ is a large group of singers.
A _____________ is small group of musicians. They play music and may also sing.
(2) What instruments do jazz musicians play?


(3) What is the difference between the soul singer and the blues singer?
____________ is often quieter than ____________, and people don’t usually dance to it.


Suggested Answers:
(1) choir, band
(2) Saxophones, guitar, drums and a double bass, etc.
(3) Blues, soul music
3. Ask Ss to read the passage on page 43 and then fill in the table.
Type Place of origin Time of origin Feature
Gospel music   
Soul music   
Jazz   
Blues   
Suggested Answers:
Type Place of origin Time of origin Feature
Gospel music Southern United States In the 19th century Church, strong and rhythmic
Soul music Southern United States / A mixture of blues, gospel, a little rock and roll
Jazz African-Americans in New Orleans In the early 20th century Improvisation and using unusual rhythms    (syncopation)
Blues African-Americans in New Orleans In the late 19th and early 20th centuries Using guitar, piano, harmonica
Step 2. Cultural Corner
Purpose: To learn about American musicians.
1. Ask Ss to say some American musicians if they know some.
2. Ask Ss to read the Cultural Corner and fill in the blanks.


Name Feature Title
Louis Armstrong  
Robert Johnson  
Woody Guthrie  
Suggested Answers:
Name Feature Title
Louis Armstrong A jazz singer A pioneer of the improvised jazz solo
Robert Johnson A blues singer The father of rock and roll
Woody Guthrie A folk singer A pioneer of protest music
3. Let Ss fill in the blanks by themselves to learn some useful expressions.
(1) Louis Armstrong, _________ in 1901, was one of the most _________ artists __________ _________ _________ _________ music. His nickname was Satchmo, which _________ _________ _________ “Satchel Mouth”, because of his large mouth.
(2) Robert Johnson, _________ in Mississippi, wrote very _________ and sad blues songs, whose music has _________ generations of modern rock musicians. He _________ _________ record 29 songs, and _________ _________ _________ _________ white audiences.
(3) Woody Guthrie, known as a pioneer of _________ music, was _________ _________ a president. As he grew older, his songs became more humorous and optimistic. His belief is that it doesn’t matter if you’re black, white, …, you can do something _________ your life.
Suggested Answers:
(1) born, influential, in the history of, was short for
(2) born, poetic, influenced, managed to, make an impression on
(3) protest, named after, with
Step 3. Homework
1. Ask Ss to review what we have learnt today.
2. Ask SS to preview Reading and Vocabulary.
Period 2 Reading and Vocabulary
Teaching Goals:
1. To help Ss improve their reading skills.
2. To let Ss master some words and phrases.
3. To get Ss to talk something about hip hop.
Teaching Procedures:
Step 1. Leading-in
Purpose: To let Ss arouse interest in learning about Hip Hop.
Show a picture to Ss and ask them to answer some questions.
(1) What are they doing in the picture?
(2) Do you know what kind of dance do they dance?
Suggested Answers:
(1) They are dancing.     (2) It’s hip-pop.
Step 2 Vocabulary study
Show Ss some pictures and introduce some new fashionable words.
     
breakdancing    graffiti art   rapper   DJ-ing
Step 3 Reading
Purpose: To get Ss to learn about Hip Hop.
1. Ask Ss read the passage quickly and try to catch the main idea of each part.
Suggested Answers:
Part 1: Hip hop is an American cultural movement which started in the 1970s at block parties in New York, especially in a district called the Bronx.
Part 2: MCs, another style of music known as rap was born.
Part 3: There are two main reasons for the success of hip hop.
Part 4: How did rap singers record their songs?
   (By the way, teacher can underline the new words and phrases in order to let Ss pay more attention to them.)
2. Ask Ss to read part 1 carefully and fill in the blanks:
Hip Hop 
What 
When 
Where 
Main aspects 
Suggested Answer:
Hip Hop 
What American cultural movement
When Started in 1970s
Where At block parties in New York
Main aspects Breakdance, graffiti art, DJ-ing, rapping (MC-ing)
3. Ask Ss to read Part 2 carefully, and then answer the following questions.
(1) Why did DJ Herc stop playing reggae music?
(2) How did the DJs make the percussion breaks in the songs longer?
(3) What were DJs who shouted during the songs called?
(4) How long were the performances of the shouting DJs?
(5) Apart from the DJs, what else happened at block parties?
(6) What did they experiment with later?
Suggested Answers:
(1) Because he noticed that people didn’t like it.
(2) By using two records on two turntables.
(3) MCs
(4) Hours
(5) Breakdancing
(6) They experimented with different vocal and rhythmic approaches.
4. Ask Ss to read Part 3 & 4 carefully, and then answer the questions.
(1) What are the two reasons for the success of hip hop?
(2) How did the first generation of rappers record their music?
(3) Which city was the capital of hip hop in 1985?
(4) Which style of rapping soon spread to other parts of the United States?
(5) What is the new type of hip hop in England?
Suggested Answers:
(1) Firstly it’s cheap and easy. Secondly, people were bored with the pop music of the day, and hip hop took advantage of disco music and provided a kind of disco music for people who hated disco.
(2) They recorded the backing tracks in the studio and the rappers added their vocals later.
(3) New York
(4) The East Coast rap
(5) In England, a new music form emerged, called trip hop, a mixture of jazz, hip hop and electronic music.
5. Ask Ss to work in groups of four. Let them read the comments about hip hop music in Activity 7 on page 47, and express their own ideas.
(Teachers can let Ss do the speaking together.)
Step 4. Language Points
1. Ask Ss to discuss the important and difficult language points.
(1) The words of early blues songs often consisted of a single line repeated two or three times before changing. 早期的蓝调歌曲通常包含一句要反复唱两三遍才换的歌词。
consist of无被动态,类似用法的词组还有: belong to, take place, happen, come true, come out, break out, etc.
【例】This is a charity committee ________ ten members.
   A. consists of  B. consist of   C. consisted of    D. consisting of
Key: D
(2) …, but Herc and other DJs made them longer by using two records on two turntables, side by side.
side by side 肩并肩,相互扶持
Eg ① Two children are walking side by side.
 ② We stand side by side with you in this competition.
※【拓展】类似的短语还有:
neck and neck “并驾齐驱地  head to head    交头接耳地
(3) They experiment with different vocal and rhythmic approaches. 他们尝试用不同的发声和奏乐方法。
◆ experiment with…    用……做实验
 Eg  They are experimenting with new methods of teaching.
 ※【拓展】 experiment的其他用法:
  make/do/carry out/perform /try an experiment on/upon/in/ with 做实验(试验),对……做实验(试验)
  by experiment通过实验
Eg They find out what foods the baby likes by experiment.
◆ approach v & n
(Teacher can present some sentences in order to review the meaning of approach.
① The time is approaching when we must leave.  (vi来临)
② As you approach the town the first building you see is the church. (vt走近)
③ His work is approaching perfection. (vt 近似,接近) 
④ Did he approach you about lending him some money? (vt找……商量)
⑤ He approached the difficulty with great thought. (vt着手)
⑥ Our approach drove away the wild animals. (n走近)
⑦ All the approaches to the town were blocked. (n通路)
⑧ That professor’s new approach to language teaching was considered better than anyone else’s. (n方法,手段)
(4) Disco music and rock music were both in decline in the mid-1970s. 20世纪70年代中期迪斯科和摇滚乐都在走下坡路。
be in decline   在下降中,在衰退中
The company is in decline because of falling demand.
※【拓展】decline的其他用法:
 She is on the decline, and may die soon. (在下降中,在衰退中)
 She declined to help me. (拒绝)
After his wife’s death, he fell into a decline. (失去力量、影响等;衰落)
Our business has gone into a decline this year.
(5) Hip hop took advantage of that and provided a kind of disco music for people who hated disco.
take advantage of利用
 Eg  Why do you always want to take advantage of me?
※【拓展】advantage的其他词组:
① ave the advantage of sb    比某人强
 Eg  You really have the advantage of me.
②… be to one’s advantage     ……对某人有利
 Eg  The agreement is to our advantage.
③ give sb an advantage (over)  使某人在……方面比较有利
【练习】 I think we should ________ Changjiang River, which can solve the power problem of some parts of China.                                      (Key: D)
   A. have the advantage of     B. take the advantage of
   C. be to it’s advantage of     D. take advantage of

(6) The new style soon spread to other parts of the United States. 这种风格很快就传到了美国的其它地方。   
spread to + n      ……传到了……地方
Eg That the news spread to his home is not a good business.
 spread解释为“传播”的意思时可与其它的介词连用:
spread through / across / from … to
 Eg  ① The illness spread through the whole village.
   ② The fire spread from the factory the houses nearby.
2. Ask Ss to translate the following phrases.
(1) cultural movement   (2) block parties   (3) especially
(4) four main aspects   (5) come from the term … (6) the percussion breaks
(7) at the time     (8) on two turntables  (9) side by side
(10) at the same time   (11) the moment …   (12) be bored with
(13) be in decline    (14) a strong beat   (15) take advantage of …
(16) add their vocals   (17) the next generation of …  (18) the capital of hip hop
(19) spread to / across …  (20) be based in …    (21) a mixture of …
(22) music play on computer
Suggested Answers:
 
(1) 文化运动     (2) 街区舞会     (3) 尤其是
(3) 四个主要的元素   (5) 来源于……的术语   (6) 打击乐
(1) 当时      (8) 在两个唱盘上    (9) 肩并肩,一起……
(10) 同时     (11) 一……就……    (12) 对……厌烦
(13) 走下坡路    (14) 节奏强烈    (15) 利用
(16) 加进他们的声音   (17) 下一代……    (18) 嬉蹦乐之都
(19) 传播到某个地方   (20) 驻足在……    (21) ……的混合物
(22) 电脑上播放的音乐
3. Ask Ss to listen to the tape and fill in the missing words.
All You Need to Know About Hip Hop
Part 1
What is hip hop and how did it start?
Hip hop is an American (1) ___________________ which started in the 1970s at block parties in New York, (2) ___________________ in a district called the Bronx. There are four main (3) ___________________ of hip hop: breakdance and graffiti art plus two types of hip hop music – DJ-ing and rapping. Rapping (4) ______________________ MC-ing (coming from the term master of ceremonies). The DJs at block parties in the 1970s played a lot of soul music and they (5) ________________ that people (6) __________________ the percussion breaks in the songs because they were the best parts to dance to. So they started repeating the percussion breaks. This is a (7) _________________ used by DJs in Jamaica. There were a lot of Jamaicans in New York who (8) _____________________. At first, they played a lot of reggae.
Part 2
What was the big breakthrough?
DJ Herc, one of the most popular Jamaican DJs at the time, noticed that New York audiences didn’t really like reggae music, so he started (9) ________________ other kinds of music, (10) __________________ rock and disco music. The percussion breaks were usually short, but Herc and other DJs made them (11) _______________ by using two records on two turntables, (12) ___________________. Some of the DJs began speaking and shouting while the music played. Shouting DJs became known as MCs. And so the style of music known as rap was born.
(13) ___________________, MCs often performed for hours, repeating words and phrases and then improvising. (14) ________________, they experimented with different vocal and rhythmic approaches, using rhyming words, often words from African-American culture. (15) ____________________, people started breakingdancing at block parties.
Part 3
Why was hip pop so successful?
There are two main reasons. (16) _________________, it’s cheap and easy – you just need two turntables and a microphone. Anyone can be an MC, using songs which have already been recorded.
(17) ____________________, people were bored with the pop music of the day – disco music and rock music were both in decline in the mid-1970s. However, disco music had a strong beat, and it was easy to dance to. Hip hop (18) __________________ that and provided a kind of disco music for people who hated disco!
Part 4
How did rap singers record their song?
(19) ____________________ that rap artists recorded their music, musicians recorded the backing tracks (the music without the singing) in the studio and the rappers added their vocal later. The next generation of rappers recorded their vocals at the same time as the musicians.
New York was the capital of hip hop during the 1980s, and the style was known as East Coast rap. (20) ________________________________________________________ There were a lot of West Coast rappers based in California. In Miami, Florida, a new style developed, strongly influenced by Cuban and Puerto Rican music.
In the late 1980s, hip hop spread across the world, to Japan, India and many parts of Europe, especially France, Belgium and Italy. In England, a new music form emerged, called trip hop, a mixture of jazz, hip hop and electronic music (for example, music played on computers).
Suggested Answers:
(1) cultural movement    (2) especially      (3) aspects
(4) is also known as   (5) noticed     (6) preferred
(7) technique     (8) brought the idea with them (9) playing
(10) including     (11) longer      (12) side by side
(13) At the beginning    (14) Later     (15) At the same time
(16) Firstly     (17) Secondly     (18) took advantage of
(19) The first time      (20) The style soon spread to other parts of the United States.
Step 5. Speaking
1. Ask Ss to discuss what they have learnt in the reading passage.
2. Ask Ss to try to use their own words to retell the passage, the topic is the origins of hip hop.
Step 6. Homework
1. Ask Ss to review what we have learnt today.
2. Ask Ss to finish Activity 2,3, 5, 6 on page 45-46.
Period 3 Listening, Everyday English, Function
Teaching Goals:
1. To enable Ss to know some skills of listening;
2. To study some daily expressions;
3. To learn some expressions of comparing the present and the past.
Teaching Procedures:
Step 1. Revision
Check the answers to the answers of Activities 2, 3, 5, 6 on pages 45~46.
Step 2. Listening
1. Let Ss finish Activity 1 on page 49 to learn the some new instructions.
2. Ask Ss to listen to the conversation and finish Activity 2 on page 49.
3. Ask Ss to listen to the tape and fill in the missing words.
FX   Noisy music
Mother:  Can you turn that down a bit?
Daughter: ____(1)____
Mother:  Turn down the music, please? It’s too ____(2)____?
Daughter: Sorry! I can’t hear you. Wait a minute!
FX   Music turned down.
Daughter: Sorry, mum. What did you say?
Mother:  ____(3)____
Daughter: Oh! Sorry! ____(4)____
Mother:  I’m not surprised.
Daughter: ____(5)____
Mother:  I’m not surprised that you couldn’t hear me.
Daughter: Was I playing the music too loud?
Mother:  Yes, you were.
Daughter: Sorry. ____(6)____
Mother:  What are you listening to?
Daughter: A new American hip hop band.
Mother:  They’re very loud.
Daughter: Yes. Great, aren’t they?
Mother:  What are they called?
Daughter: ____(7)____. It isn’t my CD, it’s my friend Angela’s.
Mother:  Well, they aren’t my cup of tea. Bands are so much noisier than they used to be.
Daughter: ____(8)____ I listened to one of your CDs ____ (9)____. It was REALLY loud!
Mother:  Well, when I was your age, we didn’t listen to such loud music.
Daughter: ____(10)____
Mother: We didn’t!
Daughter: Really?
Mother:  All right, we did. But we didn’t play music as loudly as you do these days.
Daughter: OK. I’ll turn it down.
Mother:   Thank you. but why are inside listening to music anyway? It’s a beautiful day.     When I was young, we used to spend much more time ____(11)____ than you do.     Why don’t you turn the music off and go for a walk?
Daughter: I don’t want to. Anyway, I’m waiting for a phone call.
Mother:  Who from?
Daughter: Angela. She said she’d call me but she hasn’t.
Mother:  Why don’t you call her?
Daughter: ____(12)____.
Mother:  Well, why don’t you go and see her? She only lives round the corner.
Daughter: Yes! Good idea! She’s got more CDs than me.
Mother:  ____(13)____ …
Suggested Answers:
(1) What?      (2) loud   (3)I asked you to turn the music down!
(4) Couldn’t hear you!  (5) Pardon?  (6) Didn’t mean to.    
(7) Don’t know    (8) Not true!   (9) the other day  
(10) I bet you did!    (11) in the open air (12) It’s her turn to call me   
(13) Honestly
3. Ask Ss to fill in the blanks after listening.
(1) The mother asked the daughter to ____________ ____________ the music ____________ ____________ for it’s too ____________.
(2) The daughter felt sorry because she didn’t ____________ ____________.
(3) What the daughter listened to is a new American ____________ ____________ ____________.
(4) Mother said that music was not her ____________ ____________ ____________ and bands now are ____________ ____________ than they ____________ ____________ ____________.
(5) Then the mother suggested the daughter ____________ ____________ the music and go for a walk because ____________ ____________.
Suggested Answers:
(1) turn down, a bit, loud     (2) mean to     (3) hip hop band
(4) cup of tea, much noisier, used to be (5) turn off, it’s a beautiful day 
Step 3.  Everyday English
Ask Ss to choose the correct meanings in the Everyday English Activity on P51. Then give them the right fanswers.
Step 4. Function
1. Ask Ss to read the following sentences from listening materials. What kind of sentence structure has been used in these sentences? Let Ss find out the words and expressions of comparison.
 Bands are so much noisier than they used to be.
 When I was your age, we didn’t listen to such loud music.
 We did not use to play music as loudly as you do these days.
 We used to spend much more time in the open air than you do.
Suggested Answers:
They are used comparison structure, such as than, such, as … as …, much more, etc.
2. Help Ss think of other expressions that show comparison.
(1) 比较级 + than
(2) much / a lot / greatly / far / even / still / yet / a little / a bit / slightly + more than
(3) as … as…, not as (so) … as …
(4) prefer sth to sth / prefer doing sth to doing sth / prefer to do sth rather than do sth
3. Ask Ss to finish Activity 3 on page 51.
Step 6. Homework
1. Ask Ss to finish Vocabulary Activities in the Workbook on pages 110~111.
2. Ask Ss to preview Grammar lesson.
Period 4 Grammar (1), Grammar (2)
Teaching Goals:
1. To learn the grammar – adverbial clauses of time and ellipses.
2. To enable Ss to use adverbial clauses of time freely.
3. To enable Ss to use adverbial clauses of time and ellipses in right situations.
Teaching Procedures:
Step 1. Revision
Check the answers of Vocabulary Activities in the Workbook on pages 110~111.
Step 2. Grammar (1)
1. Ask Ss to take a look at the sentence in Activity 1 and choose the best answer. Ask them to think What kind of sentence does it belong to.
2. Ask Ss to finish Activity 3 on page 48.
3. Give Ss some explanation of adverbial clauses of time.
(1) 时间状语从句通常用下列从属连词来引导:after, before, as, once, till, until, (ever) since, when, whenever, while, now (that), as long as, as soon as.如:
① Now (that) you’ve grown up, you must stop this childish behavior.
    ② Whenever we met with difficulties, they came to help us.
③ People do not know the value of health till they lose it.
(2) 某些表示时间的名词词组,如 the day, the year, the morning, every time, each time, next time, the first time等,也可以引导时间状语从句。
① Every time I catch a cold, I have pain in my back. 每一次我感冒的时候,我都会背痛。
② I’m going to see him next time he comes to Shenzhen. 下一次他来深圳的时候,我会去看他的。
③ He left Europe the year World War Ⅱbroke out. 二战爆发的那一年他离开欧洲。
④ He had impressed me that way the first time I met him. 我第一次见到他的时候,他给我留下那样的印象。
(3) 有些词,如 immediately, directly, instantly, the (very) moment, the minute, the instant等,当用于as soon as 的意义时,也可以引导时间状语从句,如:
①   I got in touch with him immediately I received his letter.
②   My sister came directly she got my message.
③   The machine will start instantly you press the button.
④   I’ll tell you about it the moment / the very moment / the minute / the instant you come.
(4) 有些关联从属连词,如 no sooner … than / hardly … when / scarcely … when 等,也能引导时间状语从句。
 注意:如果把no sooner, hardly, scarcely, 置于句首,它所连带的这部分就要倒装,如:
① She had no sooner heard the news than she cried.
    No sooner had she heard the news than she cried.
   ② They had hardly started to work when the trouble began.
  Hardly had they started to work when the trouble began.
4. Translate the following sentences into English by using the words in bracket.
(1) 我一见到他就告诉他这个消息。(as soon as)
(2) 她一来到教室,就开始读英语。(as soon as)
(3) 我刚一到家天就下雨了。(no sooner … than …)
(4) 他刚做完试卷,铃声就响了。(hardly … when …)
(5) 他一来,你就可立即离开。(immediately)
(6) 我一见到你,就认出你来了。(the moment)
(7) 每次见面,他都向我问候,说“你好!”(each time / every time)
(8) 到18岁的时候,她已大学毕业了。(by the time)
Suggested Answers:
(1) I’ll tell him the news as soon as I see him.
(2) As soon as she came into the classroom, she began to read English.
(3) I had no sooner got home than it began to rain. / No sooner had I got home than it began to rain.
(4) He had hardly finished the test when the bell rang. / Hardly had he finished the test when the bell rang.
(5) You may leave immediately he comes.
(6) I recognized you the moment I saw you.
(7) He greeted with “Hello!” each time he saw me.
(8) By the time she was 18, she had already graduated from the university.
Step 3. Grammar (2)
1. Ask Ss to read the following sentences and say which one is better and why.
 Mike said that he would come to school to see me the next day, but he didn’t come to school to see me the next day.
 Mike said that he would come to school to see me the next day, but he didn’t.
Suggested Answers:
The second sentence is better than the first one. Because it left out the same part of one sentence. It can make us easy to understand and easy to read.
2. Ask Ss to add the words which have been left out and rewrite the sentences.
(1) Sorry to have kept you waiting.
(2) Seen the movie before?
(3) John was the winner in 1994 and Bob in 1998.
(4) – What did you do yesterday?
   – Just slept. Nothing else.
Suggested Answers:
(1) (I’m) sorry to have kept you waiting.
(2) (Have you) seen the movie before?
(3) John was the winner in 1994 and Bob (was) the winner in 1998.
(4) … I just slept. (I did) nothing else.
3. Help Ss to draw a conclusion of ellipses.
(1) 简单句省略
① 省略主语         I Beg your pardon. / It Sounds a good idea. / You Take care!
② 省略谓语   Who comes next? / We’ll do the best we can do.
③ 省略表语   -- Are you ready?  -- Yes, I am ready.
     Tom is not cruel, nor is his sister cruel.
④ 省略宾语   Let’s do the dishes. I’ll wash dishes and you’ll dry dishes.
⑤ 省略主谓         I am sorry.
⑥ 省略定语   He spent part of the money, and the rest of the money he saved.
⑦ 省略主谓宾     -- Do you like English?  -- Yes, I like English very much.
(2) 复合句中的省略
① so, not的替代性省略
 肯定:I think (hope, suppose, believe, expect, guess, am afraid) so.
 否定:I don’t think (believe, suppose, expect) so.
    I think (suppose, believe, expect, guess, hope, am afraid) not.
 Eg  — Do you think it will rain tomorrow?
  — I think so. / I don’t think so. / I think not.
② 状语从句中的省略
(a) 由when, while, as, once, whenever引导的时
   间状语从句
  (b) if, unless引导的条件状语从句
  (c) though, although, as if, as引导的方式状语从句
    Eg  When it is heated, a piece of ice will turn into water.
  If it is necessary, I will apologize to him.
  He ought not to have done so even if it is possible.
Be careful while you are crossing the street.
        Don’t get in while you are spoken to.
③ 宾语从句的省略    I believe that you will succeed.
④ 定语从句关系代词的省略(限定性定语从句)
 Eg  I’ll give you all that I have.
  I don’t like the way that / in which you talk to do others.
  Shaoguan is no longer the city which / that it used to be.
  I arrived here the day when he left.
⑤ 省略从句与主句相同的部分
       Don’t eat more food than it is good for.
(3) 其他省略现象
① 不定式中的省略(tell, ask, advise, permit, force, etc.)
  He may leave if he wishes to leave.
  He wanted to go but I told him not to go.
  -- Could you come?   -- I’m glad to / would love to come.
② have, make, let, feel, hear, notice,
    observe, see, watch, listen to, look at
   Eg He made the baby stop crying. (主动省to)
    The baby was made to stop crying.  (被动还原to)
③ 不定式在happy, glad, eager, ready, willing, love后时可以省略,但要保留to
  Eg – Would you love to come?
   -- Yes, I would love to come.
④ 有固定短语引起的疑问句
  Eg  What about having a game of chess?
       Why not try again?
4. Ask Ss to change the sentences into elliptical sentences.
(1) She likes singing and she likes dancing.
(2) Is this the driver that you talked about yesterday?
(3) The man who is sitting by the window is Mr. Smith.
(4) He could not decide whether to buy the car or not to buy the car.
(5) When it is heated, the metal expands.
(6) You can do it if you want to do it.
(7) My father planed all these houses and my father built all these houses.
(8) He is the last person that I want to see.
(9) He worked hard but his brother did not work hard.
(10)  While he was reading the newspaper, grandpa nodded from time to time.
(11)  He went to the doctor because he had to go to the doctor.
(12)  The reference books which were ordered last month haven’t arrived yet.
(13)  We tested the depth of the water and the temperature of the water.
(14)  Although he is very busy, he will do it for us.
(15)  You may leave if you wish to leave.
Suggested Answers:
(1) She likes singing and she likes dancing.
(2) Is this the driver that you talked about yesterday?
(3) The man who is sitting by the window is Mr. Smith.
(4) He could not decide whether to buy the car or not to buy the car.
(5) When it is heated, the metal expands.
(6) You can do it if you want to do it.
(7) My father planed all these houses and my father built all these houses.
(8) He is the last person that I want to see.
(9) He worked hard but his brother did not work hard.
(10) While he was reading the newspaper, grandpa nodded from time to time.
(11) He went to the doctor because he had to go to the doctor.
(12) The reference books which were ordered last month haven’t arrived yet.
(13) We tested the depth of the water and the temperature of the water.
(14) Although he is very busy, he will do it for us.
(15) You may leave if you wish to leave.
Step 4. Homework
1. Ask Ss to finish Grammar Activities in the Workbook on page 109~110.
2. Ask Ss to review what we have learnt today.
3. Ask Ss to preview Reading Practice.
Period 5 Reading Practice
Teaching Goals:
1. To enable Ss to learn about music born in Hong Kong.
2. To understand the writer’s opinion on the topic of Hong Kong music.
Teaching Procedures:
Step 1. Revision
  Check the answers to the Grammar exercises in the Workbook.
Step 2. Reading Practice
1. Show some pop stars’ pictures and ask some questions about the Hong Kong stars. For example, do you know who are the Kings of Cantopop? Do you know other Hong Kong pop singers? What do you know about the music in Hong Kong?

 

 


2. Ask Ss to read the passage and match the paragraphs with the descriptions.
 Para 1      A. Morally healthy
 Para 2      B. worth following as an example
 Para 3      C. widely popular
 Para 4, 5      D. fashionable
 Para 6      E. booming without potential problems
 Para 7      F. coming out with the hard-working spirit
Suggested Answers:
Para 1 – C    Para 2 – A     Para 3 – D
Para 4,5 – F    Par 6 – E     Para 7 – B
3. Ask Ss to let Ss read the passage again and finish the exercises in Activities 4,5 and 6 on page 54.
4. Ask Ss to discuss the important language points in groups. Then give them some explanation.
(1) From a region of seven million people has arisen some of the greatest pop music in the world. 从一个拥有7百万人的地区产生了一些世界上最流行的音乐。
arise vi  arose  arisen (问题等)出现,呈现
  Eg A new difficulty has arisen.
※【拓展】
rise  vi rose  risen 升起,提高,起床/身
  Eg The warden rose from the table.
raise  vt  raised  raised 举起……, 提出……
Eg He raised his hand and waved.
【练习】
① The sea level has ______ much recently.
② The sun ______ in the east.
③ I’m wondering if we can ________ enough money for charity.
④ He will be the first one to leave when the crisis _______.
⑤ As far as I’m concerned, the income of farmers has not been _______.
⑥ ________ late is not good for your health.
⑦ Hardly had we come home when the quarrel ______.
⑧ Go and _______ the alarm!!
Keys:
① risen  ② rises  ③ raise  ④ arises  ⑤ risen  ⑥ Rising  ⑦ arose  ⑧ raise
(2) But Cantopop expresses only harmony and virtue, and Hong Kong is blessed with the most conventional music scene in the world. 但是粤语流行音乐却表现了一种和谐美,香港有幸成为世界上最传统的音乐基地。
be blessed with  + n     有幸得到……,具有……
  Eg  He is blessed with good health.
(3) The stars don’t wear fancy clothes. 歌星们并没有穿新潮的衣服。
(4) They’re so neat and well-behaved that any mom would want their kids to watch them. 他们如此的整洁大方,以至于每位做母亲的都想让他们的孩子们观看这些歌星。
(5) You can’t budget for looking good, you just need a blank cheque / check and a fashion consultant. 你不能为美化自己做好预算,只需要有空白的支票和时尚顾问。
(6) But she claims that she isn’t vain. 但是她声明她并不自负。
in vain  徒劳地,枉然地
Eg Don’t you think all we have done are (in) vain?
※【拓展】as vain as a peacock  像孔雀般地炫耀自己
 (7) Hong Kong stars work hard, and pace is hot. 香港的明星们工作都很努力,进度非常快。
与pace有关的词组:
keep pace with    与……齐步并进,与……并驾齐驱
show one’s pace   显示自己的本领
(8) Some make ten movies a year, others record four CDs as well as keeping to a tight schedule of concerts and TV shows. 一些明星一年拍十部电影,另外一些明星录制四张唱片,而且音乐会、电视节目也排得很紧。
tight adj(时间、衣服)紧的,〈口〉睡个好觉
Eg ① I have put on so much weight that all my clothes are tight.
 ② He is sleeping tight.
 (9)  Otherwise, he will soon be abandoned by his company and his fans. 否则他会被公司和歌迷们抛弃。
(10) When the new albums come out, the stars are marketed like consumer products, as teen-agers spend their allowance on the latest songs. 当新专辑发行时,明星就会像消费产品一样,被推向市场,青少年会用自己的零花钱买最新的歌曲。
◆ come out 此处当“出版,发行”讲,无被动语态。
Eg The author’s new book will soon come out.
※【拓展】该短语还有许多别的意思,均无被动语态:
The whole story came out during the process of trial.  (揭露)
Roses will come out late because of the cold weather.  (开花)
The rain stopped and the sun came out.  (出现)
Photos didn’t come out because there was something wrong with the film. 冲晒
◆ spend money / time on sth花钱(时间)在某事上
spend money / time in doing sth花钱(时间)做某事
(11) The fans are devoted to their stars.歌迷非常喜欢他们的明星。
be devoted to sth/doing  热爱,致力于,专心于,
 ① Hasn’t he been devoted to the exploitation of the new energy?
② Devoted to finding a kind of new medicine, he looks much older than his age.
※【拓展】
◆ devoted 忠实的
Eg a devoted fan    a devoted friend   a devoted comrade
◆ devote… to sth/doing把……奉献给……
 Eg ① He devoted his whole life to Blues music. 
② The great mother devoted all she had to teaching her children to make  them good.
(12) They yell their names at concerts and beg for autographs. (Para 6, L3)
beg (for)… from/ of sb  向某人乞求,乞讨……
 Eg Many beggars are begging for food from passers-by in the street.
(13) But the new talent isn’t far behind. (Para 6, L8)
far behind (表示程度,进度)远远落后于……
【练习】 Don’t go there! It’s ______ dangerous!                    (Key: C)
 A. too far   B. too many  C. far too   D. too much

5. Let Ss think about their favorite pop stars. Ask them why they like them and their music.
Step 3. Homework
1. Ask Ss to finish Reading Activities in the Workbook on page 112~113.
2. Ask Ss to review what we have learnt today.
3. Ask Ss to preview Reading Writing.
Period 6 Reading and Writing, Module File
Teaching Goals:
1. To enable Ss to read and write about study habits.
2. To let Ss review what they have learnt in this module.
Teaching Procedures:
Step 1. Revision
Check Reading Activities in the workbook on page 112~113.
Step 2. Reading and Writing
Purpose: To enable Ss to read and write about study habits..
1. Let Ss talk about their favorite kind of music.
2. Ask Ss to read the passage quickly and finish Activity 1 on page 52.
3. Ask Ss to discuss the questions in Activity 2 and share their ideas in group members.
4. Topic for Ss: Based on what you have discussed just now, write a description of your study habits.
One possible version:
I like listening to music when I study because I find it concentrates me on what I am doing. I prefer studying in an environment that fills with music. But for myself, I think soft music the best choose for my study. If for rock or rap, I would say “No way” because they are too noisy. If my parents heard music coming from my bedroom they would know that I was studying! I am not sure whether my scores will improve if I listen to Mozart when I revise, but it sounds like a good idea.
Step 3. Module File
Purpose: To enable Ss to make a conclusion of this module and deepen what they have learned in the module.
    Ask Ss to look at Module File on page 14 and try to recall what they have learnt in the module. Then tick the things they are sure that they know and put a question mark next to the points they are not sure of and a cross to what they don’t know.
Help Ss to share their ideas and deal with the difficult or confusing point.
Step 5. Homework
Ask Ss to revise all the useful words and expressions in the passage and try to make some sentences.

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