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2011届高考英语必备词组复习

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高考英语必备词组
sb agree with sb 同意某人的话,意见
sth agree with sb 某物,某事适应某人
agree to sb 建议
agree on sth 在某一点上取得一致意见
agree to do sth 同意干某事
break down 机器坏了,身体垮了/终止谈话
break in 闯入,插话
break off 忽然停止讲话/断绝,结束/暂停工作,休息
break out (战争等)爆发;逃出(无被动式)
break through 打破包围
break up 驱散,学校的放学
break away from 脱离,逃说,与...断绝来往/改变某种习惯
bring about使倒下,使下降
bring force 使产生,引起
bring forward 提出建议=put forward/提前
bring in =get in the pops/使得到某种收入
bring back to ones mind 使回想起
bring up sb 抚养某人
bring up sth 提出
bring up 呕吐
bring to an end 结束=come to an end
call on sb 拜访,号召
call at 访问(某人的家);(火车、船)停靠
call for 需要
call for sb 去接某人一起去做某事
call off 取消(计划,比赛)
call out (call out+to sb.)大声地叫
call up sb 打电话
call in 请进来
carry out 进行到底,贯彻执行,运到外面去
carry on 进行下去,坚持下去
carry away 拿走,入迷,被...吸引
carry forward 推进,发扬(精神)
carry off 抢走,夺走/获得奖品
carry through 进行到底,完成计划
carry sb through 使...渡过难关
catch up 赶上
catch on 勾住,绊倒
catch at 想抓住
be caught in the rain 被雨淋
catch up with 赶上某人,补上工作
clear up (天气)转晴,澄清事实,整理收拾
clear away 清除掉,去掉,消散
clear off 消除(积雪)等障碍,把...拆掉,擦掉,清除
come across 偶然发现,偶然遇到
come on 快点(口),开始,到来,举行,走吧,一起去
come at 向...扑过来,向...袭击
come down 倒下,(温度,价格)下降,病倒
come forward 涌现,主动地响应要求做某事
come in 进来,上市
come from 来自于
come out 出来,出发,结果
come to 苏醒,总共,达到,得到谅解
come up sb 走进
come up 种子生长发育,被提出
come true 实现
cut sth in half 把...砍成两半
cut away 切除
cut through 走近路,剌穿
cut down 砍倒,减少,压缩(开支)
cut off 切断(关系,来往),中止(电话,思维)
cut out 删掉/改掉(恶习),停止 in a short cut 诀窍
do with 涉及到
do up sth 包/捆起来
do out 打扫,收拾
do away with =get rid of 废除,去掉,取消
dir from 因饥渴,战争,被污染的意外死亡
die off 因年老,疾病而死亡
die away 声音变弱,渐渐消失/停息,消失
die down 慢慢地熄灭(风,火)
die out 熄灭,变弱,消失,灭绝(动物)
fall asleep 去睡觉
fall ill生病
fall across 遇见(偶然)
fall back 后退,后撤
fall behind 落后,跟不上
fall in 集合/陷入
fall into 陷入+名词
fall off 减少,从...摔下来
fall on 看到,落在...上面
fall short of 缺乏
fall out of 放弃
get about 到处走,消息的传开
get across 穿过,讲清楚使人了解,领会
get away 逃掉,离开,摆脱
get down 从…下来,写下来,记下来,病了/使某人不安
get along with sth 进展,与…相处
get in 进去,进站,收进来,收帐
get off 离开,下车
get on 上车
get out 拔出,传开
get over 克服(困难),从病中恢复过来
get around =spread 传开
get through 完成,通过,用完,从人群中通过,接通电话
get to 到达,抓住问题的要害,本质
get together 聚会,联欢
get in a word 策划
get into trouble 陷入
get rid off 摆脱,去掉
give away 分发,赠送,颁发,背叛,出卖,暴露
give in 屈服
give off 放出(气体,光)
give out 使人筋疲力尽
give up 放弃,停止做某事
give over 让位于=give way to被取代
give rise to 引起,导致
go bad 变坏;变酸;腐败
go red 变红
go hungry 挨饿
go wrong 出错;发生故障
go about 随便走/进行
go after 追赶
go ahead 说吧,走吧,做吧(口语),走在前面
go at 从事于
go beyond 超出
go by =pass 经过,过去 
go down 下降
go into 进入
go off 消失,腐败,坏的
go out (火)熄灭,过时了,罢工
go over 复习,检查
go through 审阅/经历了(痛苦,困难),完成
go up 提高,上涨(价格)
go around 分配,传播,传开
go all out to do sth 全力以赴去做某事
go back to 追溯到…
go with 相配=match=go along with
go well with 协调
hold up 主持,耽搁,延误,继续下去,拿起
hold back 阻挡,忍住,保留,隐瞒
hold down 控制,镇压=put down
hold off 延误,保持距离,使"疏远"
hold on 坚持下去,停止,别挂(电话)
hold out 坚持到胜利,支持,维持,伸出
hold to 坚持某个看法(路线),紧紧地抓住
hunt for 寻找
hunt out 找出来
hunt throw 翻找
keep to 坚持某种习惯,遵循,靠(左右)
keep back 留在后面,阻止,忍住
keep down 控制,下降,缩减开支
keep off 避开,远离,让开
keep out 使其等在外面,不让进入
keep up 保持,维持,鼓足勇气
keep sb from doing 阻止某人做某事
keep sth from sb 把某事瞒着某人
keep up with 跟上
knock into sb 撞到某人身上;偶然遇到
knock sth down 降低价格,拆除,缩减开支
knock off 下班,停工,很快地写出文章
knock sb up 匆匆做饭,敲门把某人叫醒,使某人疲倦
knock at 敲(门)
knock sb up 把某人叫醒
know about 了解,知道情况
know of 听说,知道为什么
be know for sth 以...出名
as is known to all 众所周知
lay aside 放在…一边,积蓄
lay down 放下,制定计划
lay emphasis on sth 强调
lay down ones life for 为...献出生命
lay out 布置;设计
lay off 解雇
leave alone 不要管(某人),不要碰(某物)
leave behind 遗留,遗志
leave off (使)停止;中断
leave out 删掉,漏掉
leave over 剩下的,暂时不去解决的
lay in 积蓄,储蓄
let alone 不要管,不碰,更不用说
let down 放下(窗帘),失望
let off 燃放鞭炮,放掉蒸汽,放过某人
let out 放掉气,发出响声,泄露
look after 照料
look at 看
look back 回顾
look into sth 调查,了解某事,浏览(书报)
look on as 把...看作...
look out 小心,当心,向外看
look around 到处看
look over 审阅,翻阅
look through 浏览,仔细地检查
look to 负责,留意
look up (从词典中)找出,天气转变,物价上涨,仰视
look down on/upon sb 轻视某人
look forward 期待
make a decision.做决定
make for 有助于,向…走过去
make out 辩认出,理解,开(写)支票,假装
make up 构成
make up for 补偿
make up of 由...组成
make phone of 嘲笑,和某人开玩笑
make the best of 充分利用
make certain 弄清楚
make up ones mind 决定,下决心
make up their minds 决心,下决心
make tea 泡茶
make coffee 冲咖啡
make off 逃跑,匆匆离开
open to the public 向公众开放
open traffic 通车
open into 门打开后通向
open to 道路通向
open up 开垦
open fire on sb. 向某人开火
open out 打开,转开
pass away 消磨(时间)
pass away 去世,死(委婉的说法)
pass by 从某人身边经过,过去
pass off 消失,顺利地进行
pass for 冒充,假扮
pass on 传下去
pass through 经历
pick out 挑选,认出(某人),领会
pick up 捡起来,中途把某人装上车,恢复健康
pull down 拆掉,推掉,使身体虚弱,使价格降低
pull off 脱衣帽
pull off a plan 实现计划
pull out 拔出,离开,度过难关,恢复健康
pull throw 渡过难关,使从病中恢复过来
pull up 车子停下,拔起(树、草)
put away 放下,收起来,把…放在原位,存钱
put aside 把放在...留出(时间),备用
put back 放在原处,推迟,延期
put down 镇压,写下来
put forward 提出,提前,提供
put in 提交,申请(+for)
put off 推迟,延期,打消,关上
put on 穿上,上演
put through 接通电话
put out 扑灭,关灯,生产,出版
put up 张贴,留某人过夜,建造
put into production 把...投入生产
put into use 投入使用
put ones heart into 全心全意投入
run across 穿过(跪道),偶然遇到
run after 追赶
run away 逃走,失去控制
run down 身体虚弱,电用完了
run into sb 碰到某人
run for 竞选
run out 用完
run over 匆匆浏览
run through 穿过,匆匆看一下,做完
run a risk of =at the risk of 冒...险
run a fever 发烧
run short of 缺乏
see sb off 为某人送行,解雇
see into sth 调查,了解某事
see about 负责处理
see through 看穿某人
see sth through 进行到底
see to get that 务必要
send for 派某人去请,去叫某人
send off 发出,寄出
send sb off =see sb. off 为某人送行,解雇
send out 发出,发射
send in 交上去,递送
send on 转交
set about sth 着手做某事
set about doing sth 着手做某事
set out 出发,开始做某事,陈述
set apart 分离,流出
set aside 流出,宣布…无效,不顾
set down 放下,写下
set off 出发,引起
set up 建立,收拾
set fire to 放火烧
set an example for 为某人树立榜样
start from 从...开始
start with 就此开始
start in 开始
start after sb. 追赶上某人
start off 动身出发
start out 着手进行
start up 开工,突然站起来
take away 拿走,离开
take back 拿回来 take back ones words 收回(刚讲的话)
take A for B 把A误认为是B
take in sth 接受
take in sb 欺骗  
take off 起飞,取消,脱下
take on 呈现,承担
take on sb 雇用
take up 占据(时间,地方),从事于
take pride in =be proud of 引以为豪
take turn 轮流
take in turn 依次
take pains to do 努力做某事
take a chance 碰运气
take a lead 带头
take effect 生效
take charge of 负责
take ones leave 告辞
think about 考虑,关心
think of 想起,记得,觉得怎样
think of as 把...当作...
think over 仔细考虑
think out 想出,解决了,想清楚
think back to 回想过去
think well of 高度评价
think highly of 高度评价
throw about 到处扔
throw away 扔掉,浪费(金钱),失去(机会)
throw back 扔回来,阻止,进攻
throw down 扔下来,推翻
throw off 匆忙地脱掉,摆脱,扔掉
throw off ones airs 放下某人的架子
throw on 匆忙穿上
throw out 赶走
throw light on 提供线索,有助理解某事
throw ones self into 投入
throw cold water 泼冷水
turn back 翻回到
turn down 拒绝,音量调低
turn up 音量调高,出席
turn in 上交
turn oneself in 自首
turn into 把...变成...,把...翻译成...
turn out 结果是,制造出,生产出,培养出,关(煤气)
turn over 移交,把...打翻
turn to 转向,求助于,翻到第几页
turn to sb for help 求助于
turn against 背叛
turn by ones 轮流,交替
in ones turn 轮到某人做某事
it is ones turn to do sth 轮到某人做某事
wear sb out 使某人精疲力尽
wear sth out 使某物被穿破
wear off 慢慢地消失掉,褪掉
wear away 磨掉,(时间)消逝
wear on (时间)消逝
work on 从事于某项工作
work out 算出(总数),结果
work at 在做...
work in with 配合
work up 准备

 

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